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O R 

Hiftory of England, 

From the earlieft TIMES, 

T O T H E 

Refloration of King CHARLES II. 


From the RECORDS, the ROLLS of Parliament, the JOURNALS 
of both Houfes, the Public LIBRARIES, Original MANU- 
SCRIPTS, fcarce SPEECHES, and TRACTS ; all compared with 
the feveral Contemporary Writers, and connected, through- 
out, with the Hiftory of the Times. 




From June 23, 1647, to && IO < l ^i- 

L O N D O JV, 

Printed for J. and R. TON SON, and A. MILLAR, in the 
Strand j and W. S A N D B Y, in Fleet-Jlreet. 




O F 


N the 23d of June the Lords pafled An. 43" Cat. ft 
an Ordinance, fent up by the Com- l6 47- 
mons, for raifing Monies for the . { ~~ 
Service of England and Ireland. 
This was laying aTax of bOjCOol. An Ordinance 
a Month, to continue for one Year, &*_ monthly 
viz. from the 2 5 th of March then 

paft, to the 25th of March enfuing : A heavy Load, 
after all their former Preffures, on this 'miferable 

The refpecYive Sums, charged upon each County * 
by the faid Ordinance, were as follows : 

/. s. d. 

Me of Ely 

673 14 u| 
683 15 9 
8*5 8 o 
1462 16 6^ 
490 18 oj 


2 The Parliamentary HIST 


An. *; Car. I. 





t J Chejhire, - 




j ui Chejter City and County thereof, 












Derby/hire (a), 


Exeter City and-County thereof, 








PW*, Town and County, 





J 59 


E/ex, - - - 








Gloucejler City and County 1 
thereof, J 
















Kent and Canterbury, with the 1 
Cinque Ports J 

47 6 3 


5 2 9 



Leicejlerjhire, - 



I0 4 


J 53 



Lincoln City and County thereof, 
Middlefex and Weflminjler, 



J 7 







J 9 


Northampton/hire, 5911111- 

Nottingbamjhire, ~~ 353 J 9 3 

Nottingham, Town and County 1 

thereof, ) " H & 

Mr/M*, 4763 I I 

Norwich City and County 1 6 r * 

thereof, J 

Northumberland, 1001610* 

Newcajlle Town 29 17 O 

Oxford/hire, ' 779 13 xi 

Rutkndjhire, 128 I o 

Shropjhire, 553 1 9 9* 

(j) The Suma affefled upon Dtrbjfhire, Dtvonjhire, and Ter1tjkire t 
are omitted, 


/. j. 

Stafford/hire, 454 1 5 

Lit ch field^ JO 14 

Somerfetjbifi, 205011 

Eriflol City and County thereof, 112 12 
Southampton County, J5H 4 

Southampton Town and Coun- 1 , 
ty thereof, J 

Ifle of Wight) ' 208 

Suffolk, - 4763 

Surrey and Southwark, 1347 
Sujfex and the Ports, 2646 
Warwick/hire, 621 3 
Coventry City and County thereof, 679 10 
Worcejlerjhire, 704 i 8 

Worcester City and County 1 , f 

thereof, J 4-35 

Wiltlhire, 1421 18 9! 

Wejlmoreland, 66 9 2~ 

King/Ion upon Hull, 50 18 9 

Anglefey, *- 501710 

Brecknock/hire, * 50 I O o 

Cardiganfoire, 122 9 10^ 

Carmarthen/hire, 100 15 6 

Carnarvon/hire, 42 6 5^ 

Denbigh/Jure^ 54 6 IO 

Flint/hire^ 33 9 4^ 

Glamorgan/hire, - 1311510 

Merioneth/hire, 31 n 6 

Montgomery/hire^ 123 2 8{: 

Pembroke/hire, - 11647^ 

Haverford-Wejl, 10 2 6| 

Radnor/hire, 73 * 7l 

y* 24. A Packet was prefented to the Houfe 
f Lords, from the Earl of Nottingham, one of 
their Commiffioners refiding with the Army, ad- 
lrefled to the Earl of Manchejler, containing, 

A 2 An 

. 43 





Parliamentary tl i s T o R Y 

n HUMBLE REMONSTRANCE from his Excellency 
Sir Thomas Fairfax, and the Army under his 
Command^ concerning the prefent State of Affairs 
in relation to them/elves and the Kingdom , with 
their Defires and prefent Reflations thereupon (b}. 

Sf. dlbans, June 23, 1647. 
U R Defires, as Soldiers, in behalf of our- 
felves and other Sobers that have faithfully 
' ferved the Parliament in this Kingdom j as alfo 
' our remaining DifTatisfa&ions, in relation there- 

* unto, may be clearly collected out of our fevera! 

* Papers that have formerly been prefentecf to the 
' Parliament concerning the fame, to which Par- 

* ticulars we have not yet received any further Sa- 
' tisfa&ton. 

' In our late Reprefentation (c] it may appear 

* what our Defires are, as Members of the Common - 

* wealth, in behalf of our/elves and all others, for 

* the clearing, fettling, and fecuring of the Rights', 
4 Liberties, and Peace of the Kingdom ; for the 

* Juftnefs, Reafonablenefs, Neceffity, and com- 
' mon Concernment whereof unto all, we dare ap- 

* peal to the whole Kingdom and the World j yet 
' we have hitherto received no Anfwer thereunto, 

* nor can we hear of any Confideration taken there- 

* upon, to put the Things contained therein into 

* any Way of Refolution or Difpatch. 

' We have fmce that, in purfuance of the firft 

* and fecond Heads of our Defires in' the fafd Re- 

* prefentation, delivered in a Charge (d] againft di- 
' vers Perfons, Members of the Houfe of Commons, 

* for divers Defigns and Practices to the Abufe and 

* Dishonour of the Parliament, the unfufferable 

* Injury of the Army, the Infringement of the 
' Rights an J Liberties both of Soldiers and Subje6ls r 

* the Breach or Hazard of the Peace of this King- 
' dom, and the Hindering of the Relief of Ire- 

(l>) Printed for George JVbrttltigton, at the Sign of the Blue Anchor, 
in Ccrr.liH, nttr the Royal Exchange, London, 1647. This Re- 
monffrancf ; s not entered in the Journals of either Houfe. 

W Vol. XV. p. 45S . (d}Md. P . 470. 

* land t 


6 land, &c. Upon which, though the main Things An. 43 Car. I. 

* charged, with the mifchievous Effects and fur- t * 647 ' ^ 

* ther dangerous Confequences of them, as alfo j une< 
f the conftant and continued Activity of all or moft 

* of the Perfons charg'd, in relation to thofeThings, 
c for the moft part are fufficiently and notorioufly 
' known, efpecially to the Parliament itfelf ; yet 

* we find neither any Thing done upon what is fo 
' known, nor any Way refolved on or admitted by 
' the Parliament, for the Examination or Difco- 

* very of what is lefs evident unto them ; but ra- 
' ther (as if neither the Things charged, nor the 
' prefent fad Effects, nor future ill Confequences 
' thereof, were at all confiderable) the whole JBufi- 
' nefs feems to be flightly pafled over, or fet afide. 

Loftly, ' We did, with thefe, deliver in another 
c Paper (>), whereof here is a Copy annexed, con- 
c taining divers juft and neceflary Things, which we 

* did defire might be provided for and done for the 

* better Proceeding in the Premifles, with more 

* Safety to ourfelves and the Kingdom, and with 

* more Aflurance or Hopes of a timely and happy 
' IfTue : To which Things defired (which we think 
' all Men will judge reafonable, juft, and ncceflary) 
' we have yet received no Anfwer or Refoludon ; nor 

* can find any Confideration at all had of them, fave 
' that a Month's Pay is fent down for the Army ; 
6 whilft thofe that have deferted the Army receive,' at 

* London^ much more ; and that fome Votes have 
*. been pafled for annulling the Orders of the pre- 
6 tended Committee of Safety about lifting Men an,d 
' drawing of Forces together ; which Votes we find 
' rendered but vain and delufiye by the continued 
e under-hand Practices of thofe whom we haye 

* charged, and their Accomplices, in lifting and en- 
' gaging Men for a new War; and, by a later Day's 

* Votes, not admitting that the Forces fo lifted or 
' engaged fhouJd, by public Order, be difmilTed or 
' difcharged ; which, with other Things, we can- 
' not but attribute chiefly to the prevalent Influence 
4 qf the fame Perfons. 

(c) Vol. XV. p. 473. 

A 3 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

' Now, whereas we find that our firft Defire in 
the Paper laft meniioned, for prefent fufpending 
the Perfons impeached from fitting in the Houfe, 
is judged, by fome, to be againft the Courfe and 
c Privilege of Parliament ; or of ill Confequcnce in 

* the Precedent of it, the Charge being but gene- 
c ral, and no particular Proofs as yet produced to 
' render the Proceeding legal j we cannot but re- 
c mind the Parliament, 

j. ' That as the moft and main Things charged, 

* with the fad Effe&s and Confequences of them, 
' fo the conftant and continued Activity of all, or 
c moft of the Perfons charged, in relation there- 
4 unto, in mifinforming, deluding, abufmg, or fur- 
' prizing the Houfe, and otherwife, are fufficiently 
' known to the Parliament itfelf ; fo as the Houfe 
' might upon their paft and prefent Cognizance of 
c the fame, moft juftly proceed to fufpend them ; 
' as in many other Cafes, upon far lefs Occafions, 
' which nerer could have produced fuch fad Effects 
' to the Kingdom, they have done many other of 
( .their Members, meerly for Words fpoken, or 
' Things moved in the Houfe, alledged to be but 
' againft Order or Cuftom of the Houfe ; and this 
' without any Trial, Proof, or Charge, but meerly 
' upon the Houfes own Cognizance of the Things, 
' as we could inftance in many Cafes fmce this Par- 
' liament began. 

2. ' Whereas many of the Things to which the 
' Charge relates, are Things fpoke, moved, or 

* done in the Houfe, fo as we have yet no clear 
' Way opened particularly to charge or mention 

* them, or produce Proofs to them, without fome 
' Pretence againft us of Breach of Privilege ; and 
' therefore (though we think no Privilege ought to 
' protect evil Men in doing Wrong to Particulars or 

* Mifchief to the Public, yet) we have been hither- 
' to fo tender of Parliament Privileges, as that we 
' have only remonftrated the Evil of fuch Things 

* done ; and fuppofing the Houfe to have been (as 
' we did and do believe, and if the Way were open 

* without Breach of Privilege, {hould not doubt to 

' prove 


' prove it was) feme ways misinformed, deluded, An 2 3 Car. 

* furprized, or otherwife abufed in thofe Things t J * 7 '_f 
' by evil Members, we have frequently, in former jm^ 

' Papers before the Charge, put the Parliament 
' upon it, who, without Colour of Breach of Pri- 

* vilege, might do it, to find out and difcover who 
' they were that had fo abufed them, and to difen- 

* gage the Honour of Parliament from the evil 
' Practices and Defigns of fuch Incendiaries. Now 

* fmce the fame Difficulties or Prejudices be yet in 
' our Way, as to the particular Charge or Proof 
' of thofe Things againft the Members ; and the 
' Parliament (though fo often put upon it in our 
' former Papers, yet through the powerful Inte- 

* reft of the Perfons guilty) hath not taken any 
' Cognizance what Members or others have fo 

* abufed them, to draw the Parliament to fuch Dif- 
c honour and Inconveniencies ; we cannot but again 

* more fully and clearly aflert, (as we have in for- 
' mer Papers, and (hall yet more particularly, if 
' Need be, remonftrate) that divers Things lately 

' done and pafTed from the Parliament againft this , 

* Army (as particularly the Order for fuppreffing 
' the Petition (/), that high Declaration againft it, 
' and againft all that mould proceed in it, putting 
' the faithful Servants of the Parliament and King- 
' dom out of the Protection of Law, and expofmg 
' them as Enemies to the State, &c. to the For- 
' feitures of theEftates, Liberties, Life and all, but 
' for going about in an humble, peaceable, and inof- 
' fenfive Way to defire what was undeniably their 

* Due, and dearly earned, and many other fuch like 
4 Proceedings, both againft the Army and others) 
c do carry with them fuch a Face of Injuftice, Op- 
' preflion, Arbitrarinefs, and Tyranny, as, we 
' think, is not to be paralleled in any former 
* Proceedings of the moft arbitrary Courts againft 
' any private Men ; but have brought in infuf- 
*. ferable Dimonour upon the Parliamentary Au- 

* thority and Proceedings (which we are, and others 
' ought to be, deeply fenfible of) ; hath tended 

* to difoblige all Men, efpecially Soldiers, from 

(f) Vol. XV. P . 345, ctftj. * the 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* the fame; to deftroy all juft Freedom either of 

4 Soldiers or Subjects, and hath conduced to all 

* other the fad Effects and worfe Confequences ex- 
' prefled in the Charge ; and gives us and others 
' Caufe to conclude that thofe Worthies who have 
' formerly acted and carried on Things in Parlia- 

* ment for public Good, Right, and Freedom, are 

5 now awed or overborne by a prevailing Party of 

* Men of other private Interefts crept in ; and that 
' neither we" nor any other can reafonabiy ex- 
' pect Right, Freedom, or Safety, as private Men, 
' or to have Things acted in Parliament for public 
f Good, while the fame Perfons continue there in 
' the fame Power to abufe the Name and Autho- 

* rity of Parliament, to ferve and profecute their 
' private Interefts and Paffions; and, under the 
e Privilege of Parliament, to fhclter themfelves 
8 under the worft of Evils or Mifchiefs they can do, 

* though to the Ruin of the Kingdom. 

' We are in this Cafe forced, to our great Grief 

* of Heart, thus plainly to afiert the prefent Evil 
( and Mifchief, together with the future worfe 
' Confequences of the Things lately done, even in 
' the Parliament itfelf, which are too evident and 

* vifible to all ; and fo, in their proper Colours, to 
' lay the fame at the Parliament's Doors until the 

* Parliament (hall be pleafed, either of themfelves 
' to take Notice and rid the Houfes of thofe who 
' have any ways mifmformed, deluded, furprized, 
' or otherwife abufed the Parliament, to the vehe- 

* ment preffing and paffing of fuch foul Things 

* there ; or fhall open to us and others fome Way 

* how we may regularly, and without the Scandal 
' of breaking Privileges, come to charge and pro- 

* fecute thofe particular Perfons that, in Truth, 
' have fo abufed the Parliament, as well as our- 

* felves, even for thofe Mifinformations and other 
' evil and indirect Practices or Proceedings in Par- 
' liament, whereby they have fo abufed the fame, 
4 in our faid Charge and former Papers is fet forth. 

* And here, if we may, we fhould humbly offer 
' to Confideration, whether it were not a neceilary 

4 Ex- 


Expedient, for Prevention or Remedy of fuch An. 23 Car. I. 

Evils in future, that, in Things fo clearly de- s * '' j 

ftruclive to the common Rights and Liberties of j ul ", e> 
the People and Safety of the Kingdom, there 
be a Liberty for diffenting Members in the Houfe 
of Commons, as it is allowed in the Houfe of 
Peers, to enter their Diffent, and thereby acquit 
themfelves f:om the Guilt or Blame of what 
Evils may enfue ; that fo the Kingdom may re- 
gularly come to know who they are that perform 
their Truft faithfully, and who not : And this 
Provifion for the future, as alfo our Defires for 
Remedy in the prefent Cafes, as it were clearly 
good and neceflary in the Refpedls premifed, fo, 
we think, the fame may well be without future 
Prejudice or Difcouragemcnt, in cny other Re- 
fpe&s, to fucceeding Members of Parliament ; 
provided always, that no Man {hall be queftioned 
or cenfured for any Thing faid or done in Parlia- 
ment, any further than to Exclufion from that 
Truft, which is all that in the prefent Cafe we 
fhould defire upon any fuch Grounds. And that 
future Liberty of entering Diflents we do not 
here propofe as a Thing we any way infiit on to 
the Prejudice of Parliament Privileges ; we only 
offer it to Confideration, and that from good 
Wifhes to the Privileges of Parliament, to render 
them more lafting by being lefs nocent. And, 
indeed, whoever moft adores or tenders thofe Pri- 
vileges will beft exprefs his Zeal towards them in 
taking Care they be not abufed, or extended, to 
private Wrongs or public Mifchiefs ; for we clear- 
ly find, and all wife Men may fee it, that Parlia- 
ment Privileges, as well as Royal Prerogative, 
may be perverted and abufed, or extended to 
the Dcftruclion of thofe greater Ends for whofe 
Protection and Prefervation they were admitted 
or intended, viz. the Rights and Privileges of the 
People, and Safety of the whole ; and in cafe it 
be fo, the Abufe, Evil, or Danger of them is 
no lefs to be contended againft, and a Remedy 

' there- 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

4 thereof no lefs to be endeavoured, than of the 

And whereas the Injuftice in that Particular of 

* the Declaration againft the Army, for their juft 
' and innocent Petition, may feem to have been re- 
' compenced in the late Expunging thereof out of 

* the Journal Books, we confefs it hath been fo in 

* great Meafure, as to the particular or prefent 
' injury done the Army therein ; and we cannot 
' but acknowledge, fo far, the Juftice that lies in 
' thofe Votes for expunging thereof; but for our 
' own or the Army's particular Reparation, we 
( fhould never wifh more, nor fcarce have infifted 
' on fo much, to any Difhpnour of Parliament in 
6 future ; we fhould rather have been fatisfied with 

* the Parliament's declaring how, and by whom, 

* they have been misinformed, furprized, or other- 

* wife abufed in framing the Propofal, or paffing 

* thereof, as it was : But as to that Particular, or 

* any other of that Nature, we fay as followeth : 

1. * We never did, nor do, value or regard our 
' own Injury or Reparation in any Comparifon to 
' the Confequence of the one, or the Prejudice of 
' the other, but to the future Security of the com- 

* mon Right and Freedom of this Nation ; and 
' accordingly we do not account any Reparation 
' confiderable that extends but to ourfelves in the 

* prefent Cafe, and does not, in fome fort, fecure 
' ourfelves and all others from Danger of the fame 

* or worfe Injuries or Oppreffions, as private Men, 
' from the Wills or Pailions of the fame Perfons 

* that have offered and a&ed fuch Things againft 

* us while an Army. 

2. ' We cannot but imagine and confider, ac-. 
' cording to general Report, how the Expunging 
4 of that Declaration was carried and obtained, and 
' upon what Grounds and Intentions it was given 
' Way to ; but had thofe that procured it been all 

* for expunging it, and that freely, yet how can 

* we expect better but that the fame Men, who at 
' one Time carried fuch a Declaration, and ano- 
e ther Time expunged it, may the next Day obtain 

* the 

of ENGLAND. i r 

* the like or worfe, upon any Occafion wherein it An; 2 3 Car. I. 
' may fcrve their private Ends or Interefts, if they , l _ r ' t 

* continue in the fame Power and Sway, and be j unev 
e let pafs in deluding and furprizing the Parliament, 

' as they have done in the paft Particulars ? 

3. ' The apparent Difhonour and Prejudice 
' brought upon the Parliament, in having fuch aDe- 
' claration fo pafTed, as that they fhould foon after, 

* without any Alteration in the pretended Ground 
' of it, find Caufe, for Shame of the World, to 
' expunge, we think fhould engage thofe Mem- 
' bers that love Parliaments, in point of Honour, 
' to find out and difcover how, and by whom, the 
6 Parliament had been abufed or otherwife brought 
' into fuch an Inconvenien^y. And the Parliament 
' may in this fee the Temper, as Bye-ftanders do 
4 the Prevalence, of thofe Members that abufed 
' the Parliament in that Declaration, who will and 
' can make the Authority of Parliament ftill lie un- 
der the Difhonour of it, in a bare expunging or 
' retracting, rather than admit of any Confideration 
c to acquit the Authority of Parliament, that would 
' tend to fix the Blame on thofe particular Members 

* that had deferved it : And this certainly would be 
' admitted and done, rather than to flight it over 
' with a bare expunging, were not fome Men more 
' tender of, and more fwayed with, fuch Confidera- 
' tions and Confequences as may tend to the Pre- 
' judice of Perfons, than fuch as tend to the gene- 
' ral Prejudice and Difhonour of Parliaments. 

' As to thofe Particulars included in our Charge, 

* which do depend upon Things done without 
' the Parliament, we are ready, and fhould moft 

* willingly proceed in the particular charging and 

* proving thereof, if firft (from the Juftice of the 
' Houfe in a prefent Proceeding againrl the Perfons 
' charged for the Things that are already known to 
' the Houfe to have been done in it) we could find 

* Encouragement to expect any good Iflue upon 

* thofe other Things ; and did we not, on the con- 
' trary, find that (notwithftanding what is fo known 

* to the Houfe, as before expreffed) the fame Per- 

' fons 

1 2 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

i. 23 Car. I. < fons continue in fuch Power and Prevalence, both 

l647 ' , ' in the Houfe and in all Committees of the high- 

~~^T ' eft Truft, as leaves little Hope of Right or Sa- 

' tisfa&ion to the Army or Kingdom in other 

* Things, and much lefs in any juft Proceedings 
' againft themfelves, while they continue Judges 
' of their own and our Concernments ; fo as we 
c cannot, while they remain in the fame Power, 
' expect any Thing but a continued perverting and 
' making Advantage of all Things, (and efpccially 

* of thole Delays which a regular Proceeding againil 
' them would neceflarily induce) altogether to our 
' own and the Kingdom's Prejudice and Danger, 

* to difable or weaken us for thofe Things which 

* the Safety and Settling of the Rights, Liberties, 
' and Peace of the Kingdom requires : And to 
' ftrengthen themfelves, by under-hand Practices 

* and Preparations both at home and abroad, the 
' batter to oppofe us and engage the Kingdom in a 
' new War ; thereby to accomplifh their Dcfigns, 
' or at leaft to fave themfelves from Juftice in a 
' common Confufion : We fay, were it not for thefe 
' and fuch other Confiderations, that leave little 

* Hopes of Juftice to ourfelves or the Kingdom, 

* while they continue in the fame Power, and ren- 

* der all Delays dangerous and deftru&ive to our- 
' felves and the Peace of the Kingdom, we fhould 
6 be contented that the Bufinefs concerning the 
' Members we have charged fhould be kid afide 
' till thofe other Things were firft fettled, which 
' our Declaration does propound for the common 
' Rights and Liberties of the Kingdom. 

' But finding Things ftill fo carried as they are, 
' and as we have before exprefled, and that while 
c they are Judges in their own Caufes, they, with 
6 that Party which they make, will do what they 

* plcafe, and yet render it a Breach of Privilege 
' to be accufed for it ; we cannot but, upon all 
' thefe Confiderations, and for all the Reafons be- 
' fore expreiied, infifl upon it that the Members 
' charged may firft be forthwith fufpendcd from 
' fitting in the Houfe ; otherwife we cannot expecl 

' any 



any fair Proceedings againft them upon a more An - 

* particular Charge, nor think there is any Good 

* intended to ourfelves or the Kingdom. 

* As to our Defires of having the Army prefently 

* paid up equally with thofe that' have deferted it, 
we appeal to all Men for the Juftice, Reafon- 
4 ablenefs, and Neceflity thereof. 

4 The Juftice ; in that the former Service, for 

* which thefe Arrears are due, hath been, at leaft, 

* as faithfully and diligently performed by the Ar- 

* my as by thofe late Deferters of it ; and in our pre- 

* fent Pofture, tho' they have appeared indeed more 

* officious and ferviceable to the Intereft and Will 

* of particular Men than we, yet we are fure the 
4 Army is, and we hope will at laft appear to be, 

* more faithful to the true Intereft of Parliaments 

* and the Kingdom, which we were at firft called 
c out and engaged for, than they in deferting the 

* Army have hitherto appeared. 

4 For the Reafonablenefs of our Defires ; tho* 

* we have Ground to claim more than they, or 
' rather that they, or fome of them, flioula for- 
4 feit their Arrears, yet we afk, for prefent, but 
c equal ; nor fhould we at prefent infift on that fo 
4 much, as to our Officers, if our Soldiers were but 
4 firft paid up. Our Neceflity to infift on that is 
4 obvious to every Man ; and therefore, unlefs we 

* fliould betray our own and the Kingdom's Caufe, 
1 we cannot but pofitively infift upon it that the 
4 Army mould forthwith be paid up, at leaft equal- 
4 ly to thofe Deferters of it ; which, if denied or 
4 delayed, we (hall be thereby inforced upon pre- 

* fent Ways of Remedy and Right to the Army 
4 therein. 

* And whereas the Parliament hath lately or- 
4 dercd and publickly declared, that all that (hall 
4 defert the Army {hall have prefent Satisfaction in 
4 their Arrears, (the Officers three Months Pay, 

* the Soldiers all their Arrears, deducting for free 
4 Quarter) which ftill continues unrecalled ; we 

* cannot but look upon it as a moft clear Evidence 
' of the continuing Malice and Prevalence of our 

4 and 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

c and the Kingdom's Enemies. And we muft and 
4 do infift upon it, that that Order or Declaration 
~"tj ne ' may forthwith be publickly recalled ; otherwife 
' we cannot believe that any Thing but Ruin and 
4 Deftru&ion is defigned to ourfelves and all others 
4 in the Kingdom, who every where call upon us 
4 not to difband till we fee the Rights, Liberties, 

* and Peace of the Kingdom fettled, according to 

* the many Declarations by which we were firft 
4 called forth, and invited to engage in the late 
4 war. 

' Next we cannot but take Notice, (inftead of 
' granting or anfwering our Defires in the laft Pa- 
4 per) in order to the better and more fafe proceed- 

* ing to a Compofure and Settlement of all Things 
4 for the Good and Peace of the Kingdom, and 

* for the Prevention of a new War, the Army be- 

* ing firft commanded to forty Miles Diflance from 

* London^ his Majefty's Perfon is demanded imme- 
' diately to Richmond Houfe within eight Miles of 

* London-, which, as we cannot but impute it to 

* the prevailing Intereft of the fame Enemies to 

* our and the Kingdom's Peace, fo all Men may 

* eafily difcern, with us, how directly it tends (in 

* Purfuance of their former private Defigns upon 

* the King ere he came from HolJenly) to put his 

* Majefty within Reach of thofe Men's Power, 
4 who have already under-hand lifted about Lon-> 

* don a very confiderable Number both of Horfe 
' and Foot, and are daily lifting and engageing 
more, both there and in many Parts of the King- 

* dom, to ferve their Defigns j and therefore we 

* appeal to all unengaged Men, whether we can 

* in this give way to have the King put fo far with- 
4 in thofe Men's Power, without giving them the 
4 long-fought-for Advantage of his Majefty's Per- 
4 fon ; thereby to embroil the Kingdom in a new 
4 and bloody war, and to ftrengthen themfelve* 

* in their mifchievous Defigns, the better to up- 

* hold and eftablifti their Faction and intended Do- 
4 mination j fo that, in this Cafe^ we cannot but 
4 importune the Parliament, (as they tender the 


of ENGLAND. i$ 

* Peace and Quiet of the Kingdom, and the avoid- An - a 3 Car. l 

* ino- of Jealoufies or worfe Inconveniences in the \_^ ^ 

* Arlny) that they would refume the Confideration j une . 
of that Bufmefs concerning the Perfon of the 

' King, and not propofe any Place for him nearer 
to London than they would have the Quarters of 
the Army to be. 

* And whereas (by Procurement of the fame 
' Perfons, or others of their Party) there hath 

* been fcandalous Informations prefented to the 
' Houfes, and induftrioufly publiflied in Print, im- 
' porting as if his Majefty were kept as a Prifoner 
' amongft us, and barbaroufly and uncivilly ufed ; 

* we cannot but declare that the fame, and all other 
' Suggeftions of that Sort, are moft falfe and fcan- 
dalous, and abfolutely contrary, not only to our 

* declared Defires, but alfo to our Principles, 
' which are moft clearly for a general Right and 

* juft Freedom to all Men : And therefore, upon 
' this Occafion, we cannot but declare particular- 

* ly, that we defire the fame for the King and others 

* of his Party, fd far as can conflft with common 
Right or Freedom, and with the Security of the 
' fame for the future : And we farther clearly pro- 
' fefs we do not fee how there can be any firm or 

* lafting Peace to this Kingdom, without a due 
' Confideration of and Provifion for the Rights, 
Quiet, and Immunity of his Majefty, his Royal 
c Family, and his late Partakers ; and herein we 

* think that tender and equitable Dealing, (as fup- 
c pofing their Cafes had been ours) and a Spirit of 
common Love and Juftice diffufing itfelf to the 
c Good and Prefervation of all, will make up the 
' moft glorious Conquefts over their Hearts, if God 

* in his Mercy fee it good, to make them and the 

* whole People of the Land lafting Friends. 

' Now to draw to a Conclufton : Since we can yet 
' obtain no Satisfaction or An fwer to the Things de- 

* fired as before, but, contrarywife, find all Things 
' carried on by the prevailing Intereft of thofe our 

* Enemies, to the Prejudice and Danger of ourfelves 
and the Kingdom : fince, (notwithftanding fome 

2 < Votes 

1 6 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2_ 3 car. I. e y otes of r p ar li ame nt againft the late Orders 6f 

t __, * the Committee of Safety for lifting of Forces, 

June. ' and notwithftanding the earneft Defires and En- 

' deavours of the City, concurrent with our own, 

' to have the fame prevented or remedied, yet the 

* Committee of Safety being ftill continued in the 
' fame Power) we find that, by the Appointment 

* or Contrivance, and under the Protection or 
' Countenance, of the fame Perfons whom we 
' have charged and their Accomplices, there are 
' ftill manifold Practices under-hand, to lift and 
' raife new Forces ; and, notwithftanding the Dif- 

* covery thereof to the Parliament from the City, 
c yet the fame Perfons have prevailed fo far in the 
' Houfe as not to admit the Queftion for difcharging 
' of them, but the fame Practices ftill continue, 

* and with double Diligence are inforcedj fince alfo 

* divers Forces, pretended to have been engaged 
' for Ireland^ are, by the fame Perfons, ordered to 
' rendezvous about Worcejier, there to lay the 
' Foundation of a new Army ; and to that Purpofe 

* their Emiflaries and Correfpondents in all Coun- 
' ties are bufy and active to raife Forces for them. 

* And though for thefe Things the Actors of them 
' have no prefent public Authority, yet they have 
' fome way fuch Countenance and Allurance to be 
'juftified in Parliament, ifqueftioned for it, as that 

* they have the Confidence to act openly : Since 
' they have likewife their Emiflaries or Agents 
' abroad in Scotland, France, and other Countries, 

* very active to draw in foreign Forces for their 
c Afliftance : Since, in the mean Time, they are 
' endeavouring, by Spies and fecret Agents in all 
' our Quarters, to inveigle and invite the Soldiers 
' of this Army to defert their Officers and come to 

* London; and, for that Purpofe, do improve the 
' Advantage of the Order or Declaration of Par- 

* liament afore -mentioned, for Satisfaction of Ar- 

* rears, to fuch as {hall defert the Army : And we 

* find they have the public Purfe fo much at their 
4 Difpofal, as to make good that and other their 

* Undertakings of that Nature j and yet fuch as 



c have fo deferted the Army and received their Ar- 
rears, are not difcharged or difperfed, but con- 
tinued together in Bodies, and under Command,. 
in and near the City, as in particular, ferns of 
Sir Robert Pye's Men, Col. Greaves's Capt. Far- 
mer' 's, and others ftill quartered upon Kent: 
Since, likewife, they have their Agents and Cor- 
refpondents labouring with the' King to make 
Contracts with him to draw his Majefty to en-" 
gage and declare for them, or at leaft to declare 
himfelf a Prifoner amongft us, thereby to ftir 
up and engage his Party againft us ; fince, in alt 
thefe Refpects, we find all dilatory Ways, which 
they induftrioufly devife, to be deiigned and 
made ufe of only to our Difadvantage, Weaken- 
ing, and Ruin ; to the Kingdom's Prejudice, and 
to their own Advantage, and ftrengthening their 
Defigns ; the better to prepare fora new War. 

* And, laftly, confidering the Multitudes of Re- 
formadoes and other Soldiers fvvarming about the 
City, whom the Perfons we have charged, and their 
Accomplices, have at their Beck to bring up to 
Wejlminjler when they pleafe ; and that, by their 
frequent tumultuous Confluences thither (befet- 
ting and fometimes blocking up, the Parliament's 
Doors, threatening and offering Violence to the 
Perfons of the moft faithful Parliament-Men) 
the juft Freedom of Parliament feems to be takenr 
away, or at leaft, for the prefent, abridged ; in- 
fomuch that thofe Members who have ferved the 
Kingdom hitherto with moft Fakhlulnefs, Di- 
ligence and Integrity for the Public Good, ma- 
ny of them dare fcarce come to the Houfdj or,- 
if they do, they come in Fear and Peril of their 
Lives ; and, when they are there, are awed, dif- 
couraged, or difabled from difcharging their Con- 
fciences, or doing their Duties to the Kingdom. 

* Upon all thefe Confiderations, we are clearly 
convinced and fatisfied that both cur Duty and 
Trmt for the Parliament and Kingdom calis up- 
on us and warrants us, and an imminent Necef-; 
fity (for our own arid die Kingdoi'vi's Safety, and 

Voi,. XVI. li ''Pre- 

1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2;? car. I. * Prevention of a new War) enforceth us, to make 
t l6 4-7- ' or admit of no longer Delays ; but, upon thofe 

* Foundations God hath given us, with Vigour and 

* Speed to endeavour, in fome extraordinary Way, 

* the Vindicating of Parliament Freedom from tu- 

* multuous Violence, the Breaking of thofe Dcfigns 

* and Preparations that otherv.-ife threaten a pre- 

* fent Embroilment of the Kingdom in more Blood 

* and War, and a future perpetual Enflaving of it 
' under Faction and Tyranny : And fo, if God fee 

* it good, to put the Parliament into a Freedom 

* and Capacity, with his Ma]efty's wifhed and hoped 

* for Concurrence, to fettle the Rights, Liberties, 
' and Peace of the Kingdom. 

' Upon all thefe Grounds, and for all thefe Ends 

* premifed, wefhall be ill forced to take fuch Courfes 

* extraordinary as God (hall enable and direct us 

* unto, to put Things to a fpeedy Ifiue ; unlefs, by 
' Thitrfday Night n-^xt, we receive Aflurance and 

* Security to ourfelvcs and the Kingdom, for a 

* more fafe and hopeful Proceeding in an ordinary 
' Way, by having thofe Things granted which, 

* in order thereunto, we have before infifted on ; 
' and fhall here, for more Brevity and Clearnefs, 
4 repeat as follcweth : 

1. ' That the Declaration, inviting Men to de- 

* fert the Army, and promifing their Arrears in cafe 
4 they do fo, may be annulled. 

2. ' That the Army may be prefently paid up 

* equally to thofe that have deferted it. 

3. ' That his Majefty's Coming to Richmond 

* may be fufpended until Affairs be better fettled 

* and compofed ; and, in the mean Time, no Place 

* maybe appointed fjrhis Majefty's Refidence that 

* may be any nearer to London than the Parliament 

* will allow the Quarters of the Army to be. 

4. * That the Members charged may be forthwith 

* fufpended or fequeftered the Houfe. 

5. c That thofe that have deferted the Army may 
' be inftantly discharged and difperfed, and receive 

* no more of their Arrears till the Army be firft 


c/* ENGLAND. 19 

6. { That both Parliament and City may be, An. 23 Car. I. 
fpeedily and effeaually, freed from thofe Multi- t l6 * 7 ' , 
' tudes of Reformadoes and other Soldiers before- , ne 

* mentioned, that flock together about London, by 

* a fpeedy Difpatch and Difcharging of them from 

* the City. 

j. ' That all fuch Liftings or Raifings of new 
4 Forces, or Drawing together of anv, as is before- 
' mentioned, and all Preparations towards a new 
' War, may be effectually declared againft and 
' fuppreffed ; as alfo all Invitations or Endeavours 
' to draw in foreign forces. 

8. * That the prefent perplexed Affairs of the 

* Kingdom and thofe concerning the Army, as 

< alfo all the Things defired in our late Reprefen- 

< tation in Behalf of the Kingdom, may be put into 

* fome fpeedy Way of Settlement and Compofure. 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of J^ar. 


It may be Matter of Surprize who were the prin- 
cipal Penmen that drew up and wrote all thefe 
Remonftrances, &t. from the Army, fince they 
are put in much better Drefs and Form than could 
be expected from a Body of Men, moftly Mecha- 
nicks, and more ufed to the Sword than the Pen : 
But Mr. JVhitlocke informs us, ' That it was Col. 
Ireton who was chiefly employed and t^ok on him 
this Bufmefs : That he had been bred in the Mid- 
dle-Temple, and had learned fome Grounds of the 
Law ; and, being of a working laborious Brain 
and Fancy, he fet himfelf much upon thefe Af- 
fairs, and was therein encouraged by Lieutenant- 
Gcneral Cromivell, his Father-in-Law ; znd by 
Colonel Lambert, who had likewi e fiudied in the 
Inns of Court, and was alfo of a fubcle and work- 
ing Brain.' 

The fame Day that the foregoing Reprefenta- 

tion from the Army was prefemed to the Lords, a 

Letter from the Lord Montague, brought by Sir 

B 2 Peter 

20 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. Peter Killigrnv^ was alfo read, with ievcral Papers 
' 6 47- inclofed. 

June. For the Right Hon. ths Earl of M A K c H E s T E R, 
Speaker of the Houje of Piers pro Tempore. 

My Ltrtl, Newmarket^ June 23, 1647. 

Letters from the ' I Received your Letters Yeileraay by Sir Pftsr 

Comm fliotK-rs, ' fi Killigrew, who arrived here at Twelve. We 

th C eKin* nd ' n * * forthwith delivered the Letter from both Houfes 

' to his Majefty ; who, having read it in our Pre- 

* fence, told us that it was a very fair and civil In- 
' vitation, that he was glad of it, and confirmed 
' thereby his Rcfolution of coming to Richmond ; 
4 iince he found the Addrefs, we had made to him, 
' was according to the Intentions of both Houfes. 

4 We have this Day fe-nt Part of his Majefty's 
' Stuff from hence to Royfton, the King having- 

* appointed to lodge there on Thurjday Night, and 
4 at Theobalds on Friday, rcfolving to march thence 
4 upon Saturday to Richmond. Upon the Orders 

* we difpatched to the Commanders, on the Place, 
' of Col. Rojfiter's Regiment, which were received 
4 by Major TiviJJ^ton^ near Grant/jam, upon Monday 

* lad, we had the inclofed in Anfwer from himfelf ; 

* whereupon we have written to him to attend the 

* King at Roy/ion upon Thursday Night without fail, 

* as you may fee by thefe our fecond Orders, a Copy 

* whereof I have here lent you ; an; J , bein" encou- 
* rage j in your Approbation of my Service to be dj.- 
ligent therein, 1 remain 

Your Lord/hip's humble Servant^ 

Major Tvjijleton s Letter mentioned in the fore- 

For ike Right Hon. the COMMITTEE of PARLIA- 
MENT at Newmarket. 

June 21, 1647, 
May it pleafe your Honours^ 

' If Have received your Letter, with the Orders 
' J inclofed from the Parliament. There is not 

* any Ibali be more obfervant of their Commands 

* than 

of E N G L A N D, 21 

than myielf; but it is altogether impoflible for An< 2 i Car 
me to be with the Regiment at Newmarket on , _ * 7 ' 
We due j day ^ altho' we are npw upon our March, June, 
and intend to quarter this Night not far from 
Grantham. The Occafion of our prefent March 
is, thar I have received Orders from the General 
to march with the Regiment up to the Army with 
all convenient Speed. I humbly entreat you to 
give Notice to the General of the Parliament's 
Order concerning my Colonel's Regiment, that 
we may have Orders from him to obferve your 
furiher Commands. I intend to march with all 
the Speed I can, and hope to be with the Regi- 
men;: at Huntingdon on Wednefday about Noon, 
where I {hall ^e glad to receive your further Orders, 
which flaall be carefully obferved, and punctually 
pbcyed. by who is 

Your Honour's mo 

and faithful Servant^ 


P. S. c I receive'l your Honour's Letter about 
' Eleven upon the Road not far from Grantbam f t 

The Orders given to Major-General 'Tivijleton by 
the Committee thereupon. 

For our loving Friend Major PHILIP TWISLETON, 
Major to Col. Rofliter's Regiment of Horfe at 

S I R^ Newmarket ', June 22, 1647. 

1H E King intends to begin his Journey on 
Thurfday^ and will be that Night at Roy- 
Jfon ; we therefore defire you, if you cannot be 
at Newmarket on Wednefday with your Rcji- 
mcnt, according to our former Orders, that you 

22 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a^ Car. L < do not fail to be at Royfton on Thurfday Night to 
. l6 * 7 ' j ' attend hio Majefty thence the next Day j and we 
June. ' remain, ^.^ ^.^ ^.-^ 


which, with the After reit ]j n2; th ., f orc g i n g Letters, the Lords 

foregoing Re- r . . ^ . . . 

mon trance, be- rcfolved themielves into a Committee, to read the 
ing read, the Rcprcfentotion from the Army again; and ,the 
Lord. ^fire his Houfe ^- re f umcc! a Motion was made, That 

MaKfty not to _ p ' . _. . _ _ . ,. 

ccme towards a Letter be fent to his Majeltjf, to dcfire him ror 
Richmond. fome Time to truk,e a Sta" at Rov/lon, or to go to 
Newmarket^ as he ihall think fit, in regard of fome 
Things that are lately fallen out ; which being re- 
folved in the Affirmative, the following Lords en- 
tered their DifTcnt by fubfcribing their Names : 






The Speaker having prepared a Draught of a 
Letter in rurfuance of the abovefaid Vote, and the 
fame being read, the Queftion was put, Whether 
to fend this Letter to the King, or not ? and it was 
refolved in the Affirmative. Agrunft this Refolu- 
tion all the foregoing Peers entered their Diflent j 
but their Reafons for it are not given. 

And orJ-r Let- Next the Lords ordered a Letter to be written 
ten to be fent to the General from both Houfes, and their Speaker 
according y. to p re p are j t . wm ' c b. was done accordingly in b#c 
Verla : 

S 1 , 

' HP* HE Lords and Commons have written a 

' J. Letter unto his Majefty, to dcfire him that 

' he would be pleafed to ftay at Ro\fton t or to re- 

r turn 

^/ENGLAND. 23 

* tyrn to Newmarket ; and they have commanded An. 23 car. I, 

* ,us to give you this Notice, and to fend you here 
.' inclofcd a Copy thereof. This being all we have 

* in Command, we remain 

Tour Friends and Servants^ &c, 
The Letter to be fent to the King. 
May It pleafe yo 

* \7 Our Majefty's loyal Subjeds, the Lords and 
' \ Commons in Parliament aflembled, in re r 

* fpedl: of fome Occurrences lately fallen out, dp 

* humbly defire your Majefty that you would be 

* pleafed to flay at Roy/Ion^ or to return to New- 
' market for fome Time ; and they hope that this 
..* Delay of your Majefty's Coming to your Houfe 

* at Richmond will be no ways prejudicial to your 
Majefty, or make any Retardment of the prefent 
fettling of the Peace of your Kingdoms, which 
is the Defire of 

Your Majejlys loyal Subjefls 

and bumble Servant s y &c. 

This Letter to the King was ordered to be fent 
under Cover to the Lord Montague^ to be prefented 
by his Lordmip and the reft of the Commiffioners ; 
and a Copy of it was inclofed to them. 

Then the foregoing Vote of the Lords relating To which tk 
to the King, the Letter to his Majefty, and to Sir Comi " ons a 
Thomas Fairfax, being communicated to the Com- 
mons for their Concurrence, they agreed to them 
all immediately. 

The fame Day (June 24) Aklcrman Foiuke and 
others, from the Lord-Mayor, Aldermen, and Com- 
mon-Council of the City of London, prefented to 
both Houfes Copies of two Letters which they had 
received from Sir Thomas Fairfax* 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

fbf LoRD-M AYOR, ALDERMEN, and Co M r 

MoN-CouNCJL c/ //;<? CiVy of London. 


iV. A&atfs, June 21, 1647, 

.&/'* Honourable, 

Letters from sir* * -jr ^ received yours of the i8th of this In- 
^thTcitLcnsof ' VV {taut, whereof tho' all Paflages are not 
Lono..n, enfor- fo anfwcrable to our Expectation as we hoped, 
ring their late y e t we apprehend the fame good AfFecTion in you 

Keir.on.'rancc to jf , 

the Parliament. ' *^' ar ^ s W s ariTiy as was expreiled in your tor- 
4 mer Letter, that (not from the Ailurancc of 
.' the worthy Gentlemen your Commiffioners, a- 
.* gain fcnt tQ us, but al'o from that Information 
' we ha,vc received of your extraordinary Endea- 
4 vours to procure Money. for the Army, to prevent 
6 further raiding or lifting of Scldie r s, and to pro r 
' cure thofe already lifted to be diflbanded) fon\c 

* Perfons of your Militia only have been active 

* for the raifing of them without your Privity ; as 

* likev/ife from that Letter filled with Refpect, 
' which yu prepared and intended to fend to us ; 

* but beino; fcnt to the parliament, was obftrucled 
.* by fome Perfons, who labouring to embroil the 
' Kingdom in a new War, would not have the 

* Forces already railed to be difbanded ; who ex- 
.* cepted againft your Difcovery to the IJoufe ihat 

* forne Perfons only of the Militia had joined in 
' the raifing of the new Forces ; who alfo would 

* prevent a right Undcrftanding between your City 
' and this Army, knowing a firm Correfpondence 
.* between them would make the Dcfigns of all 
' fuch Men hopelefs : And tho' our taking Notice 

* of ihde Things feejrjs not regular, yet being fo 

* publickly done, we thought fit to mind you of 
? them. 

* Now, altho' the Confidence we have of the 
f real and clear Intentions of your Lordfhip, and the 
? Alderirxen and Commons of your City of Lon- 
' eij>;. to prijnic.te the Peace of this Kingdom and 
*juil Defires of this Army j alfo to prevent ail 
4 Tendencies to anew War, or any further Bfo'v! ; 

' and 

of E N G L A N D. 25 

* and therefore hold ourfelves obliged to yield all An. 23 Car. I. 

* pofiible Compliance to what you defire of us ( * [] , 

x yet adding to the former Grounds the many In- j unc> 

formations which daily come'to us of the conti- 
nued under-hand Workings of fome Perfons ftill 

* to lift Men, that divers '- gents are fent into fe r 
' veral Parts of the Kingdom to levy Forces, and 

* Worcefter the Place appointed for a general Ren- 
' dezvous, whither the Troops defigned for Ire- 
1 land, that were Part of this Army, are, by fome 
' of the Committee at Derby-koufe, ordered to 
4 inarch ; and feveral of thofe Companies that 

* went from us for the Service of Ireland having 

* it intimated to them, and, by divers Carriages, 
' perceiving they were intended as a Foundation for 
* N a new Army, and of a ne\V War, they fo much ab- 

* horred the Thoughts of it, as both the Officers and 
e Soldiers of divers Companies are of late entirely 
4 returned to the Army; Hkewife that no Means is 

* left unattempted to bring in Forces from Ireland, 

* France and Scotland, againft the Peace of this 
4 poor Kingdom : We, upon the whole Matter, 
' offer to your and all Men's Confideration, \vhe- 

* thcr with your, our, or the Public Safety, we 

* can remove further backwards, until, upon your 
' and our joint Endeavours with the Parliament, 
4 thofe Things of immediate and preffing Necef- 
4 fity be provided for, which we, defired in oijr 
'Paper laft given in to the Parliament's Comrnif- 

* fioners, in order to the better Proceeding upon 
c the Heads of the Reprefentation and Charge with 
' more Hopes of Safety, and of a timely and happy 
* Iflue to ourfelves and the Kingdom, viz. 

' That the Perfons impeached by us may not 
4 continue in Power and Capacity to obftrucl due 
' Proceedings agninft themfelves, and, by their own 
' Efcape from Juftice, to threaten Ruin to the whole 
' Nation. 

' That all Forces lately raifed or lifted, in or 
4 about the City, may be forthwith difcharged, ex- 
4 cept the ufual Number of Train'd Bands and 

* Auxiliaries j and that all Endeavours, publicldy 


26 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

.An. 2^ Or. I. < O r privately, to raife any further Forces, may ceafe 
4 and be fupprefs'd : And that the fame Meafure 
4 may be allowed to this Army, in paying them up 
4 to the fame Foot of Account as is already given 
4 to thofe who have deferted the fame. 

4 And for the Things exprefled in our Repre- 

* fentation, though of weighty Importance, yet, 

* becaufe they will require much Time, they {hall 

* be no Occafion to impede our Remove ; and, 
4 in the mean Time, both by Proclamation from 

* his Excellency, and all other Ways, we (hall en- 

* deavour that the accuftomed Supplies to your City 
4 may be fpeedily fent up. 

4 To conclude : We fay from our Hearts, That 

* as our fpecial Ends are the Glory of God and 
c the Good of the whole Land, fo our Endeavours 

* (hall be to profecute the fame, without Prejudice 
' to the Being or Well-being of the Parliament in 

* general, the Maintenance whereof we value a- 

* bove all our own Lives, as we have formerly faid 

* of this Parliament in particular, but altogether 

* in order to the Good and Peace of this Nation, 

* and with a moft tender Regard to your City ; to 

* which we profefs we {hall, by all Actions, make 

* good all Engagements tending to the Security 
c thereof, in what Way yourfelves {hall defire, 

* confuting with the Good of the whole Kingdom, 

* you making good your mutual Correfpondence 

* with us, and not doing any Thing to our Preju- 

* dice, in the Profecution of our juft Defires and 

* Endeavours.' 

June 22, 1647. 

P. S. 4 We hear, even now, ilnce the writing 

* of this Letter, that Ycjlerday divers of the Re- 

* formadoes came again in a threatening Manner 

* to Weftminfier^ the Houfe of Commons then fit- 

* ting, to the great Afirightment and Terror of 
' divers faithful Members then prefent, and to the 
4 Difcouragement of others from their Attendance 

* there ; fo that we cannot but perceive that the 

* Freedom of this Parliament js no longer ; that 

.-.L-'irs who fiiaJl, .according to their, 
< Con- 

of E N G L A N D. 27 

Confcience, endeavour to prevent a fecond War, An - *3. Car - 
and aft contrary to their Ways, who for their t * 47 ' 
own Prefervation intend it, muft do it with the j une . 
Hazard of their Lives ; which is a Thing indeed 
to deftruclive to Parliaments and Freedom, that 
we conceive ourfelves in Duty bound to endea- 
vour, to the utmoft, to procure Redrefs therein. 
By ihf Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax, and the Council of War. 

JO. RUSHWORTH, -Secretary. 

For Alderman WARNER, and -the reft of 'the Honour* , 

able Committee, fent from the City of London to 
the Army. 

Gentlemen, St. Allan's, June 23, ,1647. 

* \\ I ^ defire, to the end we may keep a right 

* W Underftanding with the City of London, 

* that fome cf your Number may continually re- 

* fide with us in the Head Quarters, until it fhall 

* pleaie Ood to put an End to the prefent Diftrac- 
c tions. I fhall, as I told you, remove my Head 

* Quarters to Berkhamftefld, expecting to hear from 

* you To-morrow Night ; being refolved to order 

* my Affairs the next Morning, as I may not pre- 

* judice a Bufmefs of fuch Concernment to the 
e Kingdom by the Lofs of a Day. 

Your offered loving Friend, 


The Anfwer given, in the Name of both Houfes, which being 
by their refpe&ive Speakers, was to this Effect, read in both 
1 That thev took well this RefpecT: of the City in H u j' ^ 

. ' i /^ i > T inii P a " leveralVotes 

communicating the General s Letters ; and fhould j n f avour ^ t h e 
leave them freely to their own Liberty to fend Army, 
down what Committee they fhall think fit to the 
Army :' That they have voted, ' That if any 
Forces be lifted by the Committee of Lords and 
Commons, and Committee of the Militia, or of 
the Committee of Safety, that they be difcharged : 
And, as to the Reformadoes and Soldiers about 


2 8 The Parliamentary H i s T o R v 

An. 23 Car. I. the Town, the Houfes have put the Bufmefs info 

t * 47 ' ( fuch a Way as they, in their Wifdoms, have 

June. thought fit : And that they return the Citizens 

Thanks for their good Affections exprefled upon all 


'June 25. The Lords ordered an Ordinance to 
be drawn up for fending all Perfons out of the 
Lines of Communication who had ever borne Arms 
againft the Parliament ; which, after being read 
thrice and put to the Queftion, pafled that Houfe ; 
the Lord Hundfen, only, entering his Difient againft 

Next, the Lords took into Confideration the De- 
fire of the City, in regard to the Reformado Officers ; 
and ordered fome Lords to prepare an Ordinance 
to appoint a Day when they fhould depart the Town, 
after their being paid off, and fome Diftinction to be 
made amongft them. This alfo being put to the Que- 
ftion, it was carried in the Affirmative, the Earl of 
Stamford, only, dificnting. 

Votes of the There had been great Debates in the Houfe of 

Commons re- Commons for feveral Days together, about the 

Jatmg to the ele- _, ' Vi L i * / 

ven Members Army s Charge agamit the eleven Members. 

charged by the They had wrote to the General to inform him, 
Army. That what fhould be particularly charged againft 

their Members, with Teftimony of Witnefles, 
fhould be received ; and the Houfe would proceed 
in a legal Way therein. On the 25th, after De- 
bate, they voted, * That, by the Law of the Land, 
no Judgment could be given to fufpend thofe Mem- 
bers from fitting in the Houfe upon the Papers pre- 
fented from the Army, before the Particulars be 
produced and Proof made ; and that it did not ap- 
pear that any Thing had been faid or done in the 
Houfe by any of thofe Members, touching any 
Matters in the Papers fent from the Army, for 
which the Houfe could in Juftice fufpend them.' 
But, on the 26th, upon the Army's Advance 
nearer to London, which they gave out was not to 
over-awe the Parliament or the City, but only 


o/*ENGLAND. 29 

to fee that the Members charged by them fhould An. *; Car. I. 

be fufpencled the Hcufe ; and that then they would . y ' v 

give in a more particular Charge, with the Proofs j un e. 
to make it good againft them, the Commons had 
no other Way left, to fcve their own Honour, than 
to fufrer thefe impeached Members, at their own 
Pefires, to leave the Houfe, and thereby efcape their 

It is reirark:\ble that the very Day thefe Members 
withdrew, a Queftion for proceeding immediately 
upon the DC fires of the Army was carried by a Ma- 
jority of 53 againft 27 : And the next Day another 
Queftion in favour of the Army parted by 121 againft 
85. Which fully juftifies an Obfervation made by 
Mr. Ludlow (/;, ' That the great End of this 
Charge of Treafon being rather to keep thefe Mem- 
bers from ufmg their Power with the Parliament, 
in Oppofition to the Proceedings of the Army, than 
from any Defign to proceed capitally againft them, 
they refolved rather to withdraw themfelves volun- 
tarily than to put the Parliament or Army to any 
further Trouble, or their Perfons to any more Ha-> 
zard. By thefe Means the Army, in which there 
were too many who had no other Defign but the 
Advancement of themfelves, having made the Par- 
liament, the Scots, and the City of London, their 
Enemies, thought it convenient to enlarge their 
Conceffions to the King; giving his Chaplains Leave 
to come to him, and to officiate in their Way, 
which had been denied before.' 

To return to our Journals. 

June 26. It being moved in the Houfe of Lords 
to take the Demands of the Army, in their laft Re- 
monftrance, into Confideration ; after fome Time 
fpent therein, a Menage came up from the Houfe of 
Commons, deliring Concurrence to an Order for 
giving further Power to their Commiflioners ren- 
ding in the Army. The Queftion being put, Whe- 
ther to agree to this Order, as it came from the 
Houfe of Commons, it pafled in the Affirmative, 
(/) Mamin, Vol. I. p, 197, 8, 9. 


30 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. the following Lords fubfcribing their Names ajf 

C_ ll 4 !; Anting, 





An Order for The Order was in thefe Words : 
powJr tothT ' Ordered, by the Lords and Commons, fcfV.That 
parliament's the Commiffioners appointed to refide with the 
Army fhall have Power to treat and debate with 
the General, and fuch of the Army as he (hall 
appoint, in fuch Manner as they (hall think beft, 
upon the Papers and Defires fent from the Army 
to both Houfes, and the Votes fent to them ; and to 
Jet them know, from Time to Time, the Re- 
fuk of their Debates for their Confideration, that 
a Conclufion thereupon may be more fpeedily ef- 

The fame Day the following Letters \vere read 
in the Houfe of Lords : And rirft, 

A LETTER from -the Commiffioners with the Army it 
ibc Earl of Mancheftcr, 

Berkhamftead, June 25, 1647, 

Three c Clock, p&Ji Merid. 
May it pleafe your Lord/hip, 

c TT HIS Morning the General acquainted us 
General, relating c A that the Army intended to be this Night at 
' " 3 ' Uxf>r ^S e - We defired to know the Reafon there- 
4 of, and endeavoured to prevent it. The General 
hath juft now given us this Account inclofed, 
4 which I thought it my Duty immediately to tranf- 
* mit to your Lordfhip 3 and reft 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servant, 



of E N G L A N D. 31 

t, General Fairfax's Letter referred to in the An - 2 3 Car. i. 
ir J 1647. 

Foregoing. t , 

Berkbamjiead> June 25, 1647. June ' 
My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

N Anfvver to your Defire of a Reafon for th e 
Army's Motion this Day> we thought fit to let 
ou know that our Quarters are more contracted, 
ut not nearer London than before, viz. at Wat- 
Uxbridge^ and the Towns about it^ where 


we wait for an Anfwer to our juft Demands pre- 
fented to the Parliament. We have often faid, 
we cannot ftand as Lookers on, and fee the 
Kingdom ruined by the Obftru&ion and Denial 
of Juftice ; and therefore we defire you to move 
the Parliament that we may not be held ftill 
in Doubts and upon Difputes of their Commands, 
to which we fhall yield ready Obedience when 
we fee the Kingdom in a Poflibility of Settle- 
ment ; which we conceive cannot be, unlefs that 
the Fountain of Juftice be delivered from thofe that 
corrupt it.' 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and his Council of War. 


Then a Letter from the Commiilioners with the 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Royjlon, June 15, 1647. 

* V\7 E received yours this Morning at Six 
' VV o'Clock, and have delivered the Letter 

* from both Houfes to the King accordingly : His 

* Majefty, though much prefled to the contrary, 

* was fully refolved upon his Journey to Richmond; 
c and had given Orders for his dining at Ware, 
' whither the Provifion of his Houfe was gone be- 

* fore ; but he hath now pleafed to let us know 

* that he will ftay here this Day, and that we mall 

* under- 

3 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3 cr. I. < un derftand his further Pleafure hereafter. Co!. 

L ^ ' Rojfiter's Regiment is upon their March to the 

June. * Army by the General's Orders ; and Col. IVbaley 

* commands the fame Guards here which attended 
' at Newmarket : This is all I have to return to you 

* at prefent, remaining, 

My Lcrd y 

Tour mojl humble Servant, 


Laftly, a Letter from the Commiilioners with the 

Uxbridge^ June 26, 1647. 
Two in the Afternoon. 

May it phafe your Lordjhip, 

* \\J E came hither laft Night, where we found 
' VV the General with three Regiments of Foot, 
' the Train of Artillery, and fome Horfe ; four Re- 

* giments of Foot more being quartered at lVatford y 

* three at Colebrook, and moft Part of the Horfe 1 
' behind and on the Sides of the Foot ; and that, by 
' Order, the Soldiers came provided with four Days 
' Viduals. 

* This Morning Sir Thomas JViddrington and Mr. 
' Povey came to us very early, and brought us the 
' Votes of the Houfes that paffed Yefterday con- 
' cerning the Members charged by the Army. 

* We having fome Intimation that the Army was 
' to march this Morning, went jnftantly to the 
' General, and communicated thefe Votes, and 
' fuch other Proceedings of the Houfes as came 

* to our Knowledge in relation to the Army, the 
' better to let them fee the Inclinations of the 

* Houfes towards the Army's Satisfaction ; and 

* did defire that nothing might arife from them that 

* might difturb the Houfes or their Councils, or 

* minifter further occafion of Jealoufy, which w 

* told them we very much fear'd the Army's mcv- 

* ving nearer London would doj a Report of which 


'^/ENGLAND. 33 

' had lately come to us, the Certainty whereof we An - *3 Car - 
' deflred to know, and what their Intentions were t .' 
' therein, and of their Removing. We then un- j uae< 

* clerftood from the General and his Officers that, 
1 at Twelve laft Night, Orders were given, upon 
' Confideration that the whole Body of t- e Foot 

* were fo clofely contracted, that the Quarters 

* fhould be enlarged every Way, as well towards 
London as otherwife, for the mutual Eafe of the 
1 Country and Soldiery. Againft this Refolution 
' we immediately declared our Objections, and 
' very 'earneftly expoftulated the Bufmefs with the 
' General and Officers, as that which, according 
' to our Apprehenfions, would minifter Jealoufies 
' and Difcontent to the Houfes, and obftruct the 
' Compofure of Things, which we found your 
' Inclinations and Actions leading unto. In Reply 

* to which, the General and Officers prayed us to 
' reprefent, that though, in their Proceedings in 

* this Bufinefs, they might have been neceffit.ited 

* to fome Actions of this Nature, that might carry 
' in the Face of them Occafion of Jealouly, yet in 

* Truth they were done for the Eafe of the Country 

* and Soldiers ; and they did alfo defire that this 

* Action might be fo looked upon by the Parlia- 

* ment : But withal, in this Conference, we fo far 

* prevailed with the General and Officers, that 
' though the Quarter-Mafters were gone before, 

* and fome Regiments were on their March to- 

* Wards Harro^v on the Hill, and other Places there- 

* abouts, the Orders were immediately counter- 
' manded, and new Quarters affigned them, with 
' this Declaration, That none of them are appoint- 

* ed to be nearer London than 15 Miles. 

' In this Debate, we labouring to pofTefs them 
' with our good Intentions for their Satisfaction, 

* and to draw them to a Certainty that their Re-> 

* moval from hence may be at a further Diftance 

* from London^ they made this Anfwer, That there 

* were fome Things unrefolved by the Houfes, 
contained in their late Remonftrance, that were 

VOL. XVI. C * of 

j4 The Parliamentary HISTORY* 

An. 23 Car. I. < of immediate and abfolute Necefllty to the Being 

^j ' of the Army, viz. the firft Article concerning the 

~~ June. ' recalling of the Declaration inviting Men to 

' defert their Army. The fecond, for equal Pay for 

for the Army with thofe that have deferted it. And 

' the fifth Article, for difcharging and difperfmg of 

* fuch as have deferted this Army ; in which, if 

* they may receive the Houfes Pleafure fpeedily, 

* they give us Hope of a certain Anfwer touching 

* the Motion of the Army to a further Diftance 
from London. Thefe Things I thought fit to 

* acquaint your Lordfhip with, finding the Army's 

* Expectations to be very great upon the Refolu- 
' tions of Parliament this Day to be taken. The 
' General told us that the King was unwilling to 

* go back to Newmarket, and that he would be this 
Night at Hatfield. Thus I reft, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's mojl bumble^ 
and faithful Servant, 


After reading thefe Letters, the Lords ordered 
all private Bufinefs to be put off for ten Days. 

June 28. Several more Letters were read, ad- 
dreffed, as ufual, to the Earl of Manchejler, Speaker 
of the Houfe of Peers pro Tcmpore : And firft, 

A Letter from the Lord Montage. 

My Lord, Hatfield, June 27, 1647. 

Others concern- ' HP HE King marched hither Yefterday, being 
ing the King's < X not willing to ftay at Royjlon, or to return) 
Sadmined * to Newmarket. The Duke of Richmond came 
| attend him. ' to his Majefty laft Night; others in like Con- 
dition are here -, Dr. Shtlden and Dr. Hammond 


of E N G L A N D. 3$ 

* followed from Royjlcn^ and the latter preached be- An. 23 Car. I. 

* fore the King this Morning; which Account is t ' ^ 7 ' f 
all I can give you, remaining ' j unCf ' 

Tiwr Lordjbip's bumble Servant, 


Next, a Letter from the Earl of Nottingham^ 
imd the Lord f^harton^ with a Paper inclofed from 
the General and his Council of War* 

Uxlritlgf, June 27, 1647. 
May it pleafe your LordJJnp^ 
4 "~IP HE Letters fent laft Night, with the Votes And the Negoti 

* X inclofed, we have communicated this Morn- atiot!S between 

* ing to the General, and defired him to put the ^mriffumcrt 

* Bufinefs of the Treaty into a fpeedy Way ; which and the Army, 

* he promifed to confider of with his Council of 

* This Afternoon the General fent us, by Com- 
c miuary-General Jreton, and fome others of h^s 

* Officers, this inclofed, in Anfwer to our Defires, 

* Yefterday, to know what Things they defired to 

* have granted before the Army drew back ; upon 

* Perufal of which we told them, That there were 

* fome Things expreffed in the Paper which the 
1 Houfes had already granted. To which they 

* gave us this Reply, That the Heads of this were 
4 refolved at a Council of War, before your laft 

* Refolutions came to their Knowledge ; that the 
' Council of War had not fince met ; and therefore 

* the Paper might contain fome Things that the 

* Houfes had already anfwered. 

* And, upon Conference, they did difcover thus 
' much of their Intentions touching their Remove, 

* that they intended to make Reading their Head- 

* Quarters, and that the Body of the Army {hould 

* lie behind and on the Sides of Reading ; but that 
4 to be their neareft Quarters towards London. 

1 We conceive that the Treaty is little likely to 

* advance while the Army remains here ; therefore 

C 2 * your 

36 ?/jf Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c y OUr fp ecc jy Refolutions as to thefe Things coru- 

.. l6 * 7 ' * tained in the inclofed Paper, will fpeed both the 

June. ' Remove of the Army from hence, and draw on 

* the Treaty ; in which, when Things are ready 

* for it, we (hall ferve you with all Diligence and 
' Fidelity to the utmoft of our Power and Intereft, 
as befit, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lor djhi ps faithful 
and bumble Servants, 


The Paper Inclofed in the above, was intituled, 

jf DECLARATION of the ARMY, upon the Parlia- 
ment's Commiffioners Defire to know what they 
would have *. 

* TTTHereas the Right Honourable the Com- 
e W miflioners of Parliament have defired to 
c know from us what Things we do defire to be 
e granted before the drawing back the Quarters of 

* the Army to a further Diftance from London, 

* upon the granting whereof we will engage to 
' draw back : We do, in Anfwer thereunto, pro- 

* pofe thefe Particulars following, as what are of 
' prelent Neccffity to us, and we do defire at pre- 
' lent to be granted, in order to the Army's and 

* Kingdom's prefent Safety in the further Debate, 
c TranfaHon, and Settlement of thofeotherThings 

* contained in our former Papers and Reprefenta- 
' tions, which will require and may admit more 
' Time ; upon the granting of which Things we 
c (hall willingly draw back as is defired, to have 

* thole other Matters debated and tranfa&ed at a 
' further Diftance with Deliberation, anfwerable to 
' the Nature and Weight of them. 

I. * That the Parliament would be plecifed to 
c recall the Declaration, inviting Men to defert the 
* Omitted in R. 594. 


tf E N G I A NP, 37 

* Army, and prQmifmg their Arrears in cafe they Aa - *3 Car. I. 
' fo do j and to declare for the future, That who- L * * 7 -l*v 

' foever {hall dcfcrt their Colours and Charge in the ' j'iw, 
' Army, without the General's particular Licenfe 
and Difcharge, ftiall not have any of their Arrears 

* paid them. 

2. c That the Army may be paid up equally 

* with thofe that have deferted. Tkis we dcfirc 
f may be immediately granted or refolved before 
' we draw back, and to be performed at leaft to the 

* private Soldiers fully, and in part to the Officers, 
' with all convenient Speed. 

3. * That thofe that have 'deferted the Army, 
4 may be inftandy difcha.rged and tiifperfed, and 
' receive no more of their Arrears till the Army be 

* firft fatisfied. 

4. * That both the Parliament and City may. bo 
' fpeedily and effectually freed from the Multitudes 

* of Reformadoes, and other Soldiers before men- 

* tioned, that flock together in and about London^ by 
4 a fpeedy Difpatch and Difcharging of them from 

* the City. 

5. * That all fuch Liftings and Raifmgs of new 

* Forces, or Drawing together of any, as in our 
' Remonftrances and Papers are cxprefled, and all 
' Preparations towards a new War, may be effec- 
' tually declared againft and fupprefled ; and alfo 
' all Endeavours and Invitations to draw in foreign 
' Forces, either from Scotland, or other foreign. 

* Parts. 

6. c That the Continuance of the Army in the 
' Pay of the State for fome competent Time, 
' while the Maters in Debate, relating both to tbc 
' Army and the Kingdom, may be concluded anJ 
' fettled, be at prcfent ordered and, declared for 
' before our drawing back ; and the fa,rne, with all 

* Speed, efFeclually to be put in an eft^bli^hed Way, 

* that the Army may be enabled to pay Quarter,-,, 

* for the Eafe of the Country where it mult lye, 
' and the Soldiery better kept from Abufc to the 

* Country, and reduced to that good Order and 

* Difcinline which has been formerly happily kept 

C 3 * in 

3 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. in this Country; though of late, through Want 
1647- of Pay and other juft Diicontents, with the late 
c Provocations put upon them, unhappily inter- 
' rupted. 

j. c That, during the fame Srace, the Parlia- 
' ment would refolve not to propofe any Place for 

* his Majefty's Refidence nearer London than they 
' will allow the Quarters of the Army to be. 

* Now, for our former Defire of a prefent Suf- 
e pending the impeached Members from fitting in 
the Houfe : 

1. ' Whereas we undcrftand the Houfe hath vo- 

* ted, That it doth not appear that any Thing hath 
' been faid, or done, by the eleven Members, with- 
' in the Houfe, touching any Matter contained in 

* the Papers from the Army, "for which the Houfe 
' can in Juftice fufpend them ; though if Way were 

* given and opened, without Breach of Privilege, 

* for us to charge them with, and for others to be 
6 examined freely to teftify unto fuch Things, we 

* {hould not doubt to make fuch Proceedings and 
' Practices of theirs in the Houfe to appear, for 

* which, according to former Precedents, they juftly 

* might and ought to be fufpended ; yet we are fo 
' tender of the Privileges of Parliament, as that 

* we (hall, at prefent, forbear to reply or prefs fur- 
' ther upon that Point, for the Houfes Proceed- 
' ings therein upon their own Cognizance. 

2. ' Whereas the Houfe of Commons hath 
' voted, That, by the Laws of the Land, no Judg- 
' ment can be given to fufpend thofe Members 
' from fitting in the Houfe, upon the Papers pre- 

* fented by the Army, before Particulars produced 

* and Proofs made ; though we think good Reafons 

* may be given, and Precedents found, to the con- 

* trary, even in the Proceedings of this Parliament, 
' (as in the Cafe of the Earl of Straffird^ the Arch- 

* bifhop of Canterbury^ the Lord-Keeper Finch^ and 

* others) yet we declare that we have both Par- 
' ticulars and Proofs againft them ready to pro- 
' duce ; but confidtring that the Proceedings there- 

* upon will probably take up much Time, and the 

* pre- 


c prefent unfettled Affairs of the Kingdom, in re- An 
' lation to thofe great Matters propofed by us, do 
4 require a fpeedy Confideration : We fhall be will- 

* ing that thefe greater and more general Matters 
' of the Kingdom be firft confidered of and fettled 
6 before the Cenfure of thofe Members be deter- 

* mined ; and therefore, becaufe they may appre- 
' hend it fome Prejudice to them to have their par- 
' ticular Charges given in, and lie on them fo long 
' undetermined, we fhall be willing to forbear the 

* giving in of the Particulars againft them, till they 

* may, without Interruption to the general Affairs, 

* be immediately proceeded upon : But, if the Houfe 
' do think fit that the Particulars againft them be 
1 firft delivered in, we (hall be ready to do it. 

3. * Whereas we underftand that the Members 
4 charged have defired Leave from the Houfes to 

* withdraw themfelves, we cannot but take Notice 
' of the Modefty thereof, fo far as that we are con- 

* tented therewith, for the prefent more quiet pro- 

* ceeding to fettle the perplexed Affairs of the King- 
4 dom (which, without any private Animofities a-r 
4 gainft Perfons, is our greateftEnd in what we do) } 

* only we declare that, as we fuppofe the Gentle- 
men themfelves, from the fame Grounds that in- 
f duced them to offer this, will ftill forbear to offer 
the contrary, till the Matters concerning them be 
heard and determined, or to make any new Inter- 

* ruption or Difturbance to the Proceeding there- 

* upon, or Settlement of the general Affairs of the 
Kingdom ; fo we hope, and fhall confidently ex- 

* peel, that the Wifdom and Juftice of the Houfe 

* will not admit any Things to the contrary, or leave 
f it to an Hazard thereof; but will ufe fufficient Care 

* and Caution againft fuchThings,and for the bringr 
' ing thofe Members to Trial, when the Houfe fhall 
4 judge it reafonable and lafe, as before expreffed,' 

By the Appointment of bis Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax, and his Council of War. 


C 4 The 

40 ^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. The fame Day another Letter from the Earl of 

v _ l6 *^ , Nottingham and the Lord IVbarton was read in the 

June. Houfe of Lords. 

For the fpeclal Service of the Parliament. 

For the Right Hon. E D w A R D Earl of M A N- 
CHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS. 

Uxbrldge^ June 27, 1647. 

Twelve at Night. 
May It pleafe pur Lordjfnp^ 

\\/ ^ k a d> ver y l ate this Afternoon, Informa- 

* \V tion given us, that Dr. Sheldon, and Dr. 

* Hammond, two of the King's Chaplains, Mr. 
c Kirk) Mr. Leiiingjlone, and Mr. Henry Murray, 
' all of the Bed-Chamber to the King, were gone 

* to his Majefty at Hatfidd^ and had Accefs to his 

* Perfon ; which we thought ourfelves in Duty 
* obliged immediately to know of the General, 
' efpecially in regard that the two Chaplains were 

* defired formerly, and the Houfes forbore to give 

* any Refolution therein. This we have done fmce 

* our Difpatch this Day by Col. White, and Mr. 

* Povey ; and the General tells us, That it is very 

* true that the King wrote to him about a Fort- 
4 night iince about thofe two Chaplains, and he 

* never gave him an Anfwer; whereat the King 
' was angry : That he hears they are at Hatfield^ 
' but by no Order of his ; and that the Commif- 

* fioners there, who have Power to reftrain their 
' Coming, will not direct Colonel Wbalty fo to do; 
' and Colonel IVhaley, on the other Hand, con- 
' ceives he hath not Power to debar their Accefs 

* without the Commiflioners Order ; and thus, 

* between both, they have Freedom : Herewith we 

* thought fit to acquaint your Lordfhip, as alfo 
' that the General then told us, that a Refolution 
' was taker) to draw back fomc of the Quarters of 
' the Army as far as Wickham, Bcconsfisld y Oking- 
' ham, MarloW) and Henley ; but the Head-Quarters 
6 will remain here, in Expectation of your further 


*/* ENGLAND, < 41 

* Anfwer to their Defires fent up this Day by Co- An. a 3 Car. I. 

loncl White and Mr. Pomy. Thus we reft, t ' * 7 ' . 

Lord/hip's faithful 
and bumble Servants^ 


After a long Debate, the Queftion being put, 
Whether to inforce the former Vote of the 24th 
of y^ne Inftant, concerning the King's being at 
Roy/Ion or Newmarket^ by a Letter to the Com- 
miffioners with the King at Hatfeld and to Sir 
Thomas Fairfax ? it was refolved in the Affirma- 
tive ; the following Lords entering their DifTents 
by fubfcribing their Names : 




Then it was ordered, that a Letter be written 
to the Commiflioners refiding with the King, in 
Purfuance of the abovefaid Vote. This was done, 
and fent to the Commons for their Concurrence, 
which that Houfe having immediately given, the 
Letter was fent to the Commiflioners accordingly, 
in h<ze Verba : 

My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

are commanded by both Houfcs to let Both Houfes for- 
you know the great Danger of admitting bid admitting of 
any fuch Perfons to the Prefence of the King, as [fj'jj"? 1 p l * 
are prohibited by your former Inftrudtions. And, fence. 
for your more pofitive Direction therein, they 
have fent you the inclofed Order, requiring your 
utmoft Care in the fpeedy and effectual Execution 
thereof. Thus, having nothing further in Charge, 
we 1 remain, 3V, 

A Letter 


Ihe Parliamentary HISTORY 

A Letter to the General was alfo agreed to, for 
him to command the Guards that attended the 
King, to be obedient to the Direction of the Com- 

Two Resolutions fent up by the Commons were 
likewife agreed to, and ordered to be font to the 
General, viz, 

They pafs federal Refohed, &c. f That they do declare that no 
Officer or Soldier, from and after the Publication of 
this Order in the Army, ftiall leave it without the 
particular Leave and Difcharge of the General. 

Refolved) &c. ' That they do declare they own 
this Army as their Army ; will make Provifion for 
their Maintenance ; and will take Order, fo fooa 
as Money can conveniently be raifed, that they 
(hall be paid up equally with thofe that have left 
the Army.' 

And require the j une 29> B ot h Houfes agreed in a Vote this Day, 

te HcLnby that the Kin S ^ ould not come from Halfield to 

Richmond, but go back to Holdenby ; and ordered 3 

Letter to be fent to their Commifiioners, with ano- 

ther to the General for that Purpofe. 

June 30. A Letter from Lord Montague was 
read, addrefled, as ufual, to the Earl 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 

A Letter from 
Lord Montague, 
relating to De- 
linquents being 
almittcd to the 

Hatfield-, 'June 29, 1647, 
My Lord, 

E received this Day .your Letter of the 
28th Inftant, with the Votes inclofed x 
whereby the Duke of Richmond, Dr. iS/W.O.T, 
Dr. Hammond, and others in like Condition \, icli 
them, are to be removed from about the King ; 
for which Purpofe we have required the Guards 
here to obey us, and directed Sir Thomas Fairfax 
to give them Orders therein, Before we had not 
any Power at all to command Colonel Wh&lty, or 
the Regiment under him, neither could we af- 
fume an Authority which you had not given us j 
and therefore we hope that this Refort to the 
4 ' King 

cf ENGLAND. 43 

* King will not in any ways be imputed to us. An - 2 3 c "' I. 
f Upon the Receipt of thefe new Orders to us, ^^ l6 47- 

' we have imparted them to Colonel Whaley j j une> 
4 whofe Anfwer to us is, That when he receives 
'the General's Orders herein, which, according 
' to the Votes, he conceives he is to expect, he 

* fhall be very ready to obferve the Directions we 

* fhall give him ; tho* as yet, having not heard from 

* his Excellency, he cannot give us further Satis- 
4 faction j but fhall forthwith fend to the General 
' and acquaint him therewith, being very ready, 

* according to the Orders he fhall receive from his 

* Excellency, to perform his Duty to the Parlia- 

* inent. In the mean Time we are not in a Ca- 
' pacity to difcharge your Commands, and hope 

* you will not expect that which is not in the 

* Power of 

Tour Lord/tip's bumble Servant, 


A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax was alfo read, 
addreffed to the Speaker of the Koufe of Peers, 
concerning a Complaint made by the Scots Com- 
miflioners of the intercepting a Packet of theirs by 
the Army. 

My Lord) TJxbridge^'Jiine 29, 1647. 

T Can aflure your Lordfhip I am altogether ig- Another from 
* norant of feizing the Packet between Hun- F^irfax^ncem, 
tingdon and Stilton, which was going to Scotland ing the'feizing a 
from the Scots Commiffioners ; neither was it Packet of tlie 
ever brought to the Head -Quarters that I could goners. " 
hear : Had I known of any fuch Thing, I fhould 
not have let it pafs, without making the Ac- 
tor in fo foul a Bufmefs an Example. I fhall be 
very careful, as much as in me lies, that none of 
the Army under my Command fhall offer any 
Interruption to the Intercourfe of Packets be- 
tween the Kingdom of Scotland and their Com- 

* miffioners at London ; and fhould be very loath to. 


44 *?be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. < be an Occafion of a Breach of the good Corre- 
' fpondency betwixt the two Nations. 

* About a Week fince there happened a Bufi- 
' nefs at Ware^ which perhaps is the Thing iij- 

* tended in your Letter : There came one to the 
' Guard, who, being examined, faid firft he was 

* going to Scotland. Being defired to produce his 
' Pafs, it was only from Major-General Webb^ to 

* go to Royjton. Then being demanded whither 

* he was to go ? he faid, To Newmarket to Mr. 

* Maxwell. Lieutenant-Colonel Jubb being then 

* upon the Guard, and finding him in feveral 

* Stories, fent him, with two Troopers, to the 

* Head-Quarters at St. Albarfs^ with a Bundle of 

* Papers, fealed up in a blank Paper, without any 

* Direction at all ; neither had he any Pafs from 

* the Commiffioners of Scotland \ yet he no fooner 
' came to the Head-Quarters but he was permit- 
' ted to go to Newmarket accordingly, with the 

* Bundle of Papers he had with him. I thought 
' fit to mention this Particular, left there fhould 

* be a Mifconft ruction had thereof. This being 

* all I have to trouble your Lordmip with, I re-. 

* main 

Your Lord/hip's mnjl bumble Servant^ 


A Letter from the Earl of Nottingham was read, 
addreffed, as ufual, to the Speaker of the Houfe of 

Uxbridge, June 29, 5647. 
May it phafe your Lordjbip^ 
Mote Letters and \\7 E ^ ave received yours, dated Yefterday, 

ni * W ' th thC V teS f b th H ufeS inclofe ^ 

"- * That no Officers or Soldiers fhould leave the Ar- 
and the * my without the General's Leave, and of the 
t Houfes owning the Army and providing for it. 
' We have this Morning communicated them to 

* Sir Thomas Fairfax ; and took that Occzfion to 

* move him that the Bunefs of the Treaty may 

* be 

c/* ENGLAND. 45 

be put into a Way, and the Head-Quarters to be An. a^ 
removed at a further Diftance from London j both 
e which the General told us {hould be taken into 
fpeedy Confideration, and that he would give us 
an Account of their Refolutions with all Conve- 

* niency. I am, 

My Lord, 

Tour humble and faithful Servant, 

Next was read another Letter from the Commif- 
fioners of Parliament refiding with the Army. 

WiMam, June 29, 1647. 

It pleafe your Lordjhip, 

N the Way from this Town to TJxbridge, this 
Afternoon about Six o'Clock, we received 

* this inclofed Paper by a Meflenger from the Ge- 
' neral, which we thought ourfelves in Duty obliged 

* to fend your Lordfhip, and reft 

Your Lordjhip's bumble Servants, 


The Paper fent by General Fairfax to the Earl 
f Nottingham and the Lord IVkarton. 

Uxbridge, June 29, 1647. 

My Lords and Gentlemen, 

* T3 Y the Votes you were pleafed to commu- 

* JD nicate to me this Morning, I find the Par- 

* liament hath taken into their Confideratioh thofe 

* Proportions of the Army, which necefTariFy cra- 

* ved feme Satisfaction before the withdrawing of 

* it ; and that their Progrefs already made, though 

* but in part, meets with fuch a Compliance in 

* my Council of War, that it begets in them a 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' general Confidence of the Houfes fpeedy and full 
c Anfwer to their remaining Propofitions j and 
' therefore, to teftify the Readinefs of this Army 
' to obferve the Commands of the Parliament* 
' they have refolved to move the Army to a fur- 
' ther Diftance, and the Head-Quarters to be this 
' Night at Wickham \ believing this Forwardnefs 

* on their Part to fatisfy both Parliament and City, 

* will not retard but rather haften the Refolutiona 

* of the Houfes, with a full Satisfaction to the Par- 
c ticulars not yet anfwered ; and alfo to acquit this 
' Army of any Jealoufies and unjuft Afperfions caft 

* upon it* 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of War. 


July i. Divers Letters were read in the Houfe of 
Lords, all directed to the Earl of Manchejler aa 
Speaker, the Tenor whereof was as follows : 

from the Lord MONTAGUE. 

My Lord) Hatfald June 29, 1647*' 

tad the King's * T Mmediately after we received the Votes con- 
Rtmovalj c J. cerning his Majefty's Remove to Holdenby 9 

* we acquainted him therewith. He anfwered, 
That he had already refolved to move to IVtnd- 
*for t and fent Part of his Stuff thither ; and on 

* 'Thurfday intends to fet forwards to that Place, 

* which he would have done To-morrow had it not 
been the Faft after his coming hither. If he were" 
c moved, he faid we fhould have his farther An* 

* fwer. Col. Wbaley hath not yet received any 

* Direction from the General, fo as we cannot give 

* you any other Account of the Commands you 

* have laid upon us, either in this of his Majefty's 

* Removal or by your former Votes j but remain 

Your Lordjhip't nwjl humble Servant^ 


of E N G L A N D. 47 

A LfitTFR from Col. WHICHCOT, Governor of Ant2 3 Car,J 
Windfor Co/lie. \ ' ',.< 

JVindfor June 30, 1647. "* 

Right Honourable, 

* A T this Inftant Mr. Dowfett, with others at- 

* JLJL tending upon the King, are come to give 
me Notice that his Majefty intends to. be here 
< To-morrow Night, with the Commiffioners of 
' both Houfes of Parliament ; and that from them 

* they have Orders to haften the Preparing of his 
Majefty's Houfe, within this Caftle, for his En- 

* tertainment ; that I fhall receive further Direc- 

* tions concerning^ this from the General Sir Tbo- 
mas Fairfax, and Col, Whaley ; and that Dinner is 
' to be made ready To-morrow at the Lord Grey's 

* Houfe, near Watford^ for his Majefty as he pafleth. 

* All which I thought it my Duty to inform the. 

* Parliament of, and, as I am obliged, fufcribc 

Tour Lard/hip's moft bumble Servant, 



JMy Lord TVickbam-, June 30, 1647. 

* 1 Received a Letter this Evening from the Go- 
A vernor of Windfor^ and alfo an Intimation 

* from Col. Wbahy^ who I have appointed for his 

* Majefty's Guard, that the King defires, and 

* intends, to go To-morrow for Wtndfor^ to re- 

* main there for four or five Days ; having Hopes 
' by your Commiflioners, as he himfelf faith, to 
' fee his Children, who he expects fhall meet 

* him there ; and, after, he is willing to remove to 

* fome other convenient Place at a greater Diftancc 

* from London. I muft confefs I find myfelf in a 
4 great Strait what to do herein, knowing his In- 

* teaitions contrary to your late Votes ; and not 

* having your further Commands or Directions to 

* advife 

Y6e Parliamentary H t s T o R y 

*2 Cir ' *' " ac ^ v 'k h' s Majefty herein, I could do no more thart 

7 ' . * give a fpeedy Account of his Refolutions, and 

July. c defire you to believe that I (hall be very careful 

* to place a very trufly Guard about him for the 

* Security of his Perfon. 

* I have fent to his Majefty, to defire that ha 
' would alter his Refolutions, and goto fome Place 
' which might be more convenient to your prefent 

* Affairs ; but do conceive he will fcarcely be per- 
' fuaded thereunto till four or five Days be paft : 

* After that I {hall, in Purfuance of your Votes, 
ft ufe all Diligence for his fafe Remove to fome 

* convenient Place further diftant from London* 
' until the Settlement of the Affairs of the Kingdom 

* and your Commands {hall otherwife difpofe of him. 
e I remain 

Tour Lord/hip's mojl humble Servant, 

Another LETTER from the Lord MONTAGUE. 

My Lord) Hatfield) June 30, 1647. 

HIS Afternoon about Four o'Clock, fup- 

pofing by that Time an Anfwer might be 
' received from the General, we again defired to 
' fpeak with Col. H'haley> who affured us that he 

* had not as yet received any Order from his Ex- 

* cellency concerning the Removal of fuch Perfons 
' as, contrary to our Inftru&ions, reforted to the 

* King. We replied, That it lay upon us to re- 
' quire the Performance of the Commands laid up- 
' on us by your Votes, which we defired might be 

* done in that Courfe which we had taken at Hoi- 
' denby, to wit, that when any Perfon fufpefted to 

* have been in Arms againft the Parliament, of 

* otherwife within the Fifth Article of our Inftruc- 

* tions, was difcoverod to be in the Court, he was in- 
' ftantly, by our Directions given to the Chief Com- 
' mander of the Guards prefent, to be brought be- 
' before us ; and upon Examination, if the Informa- 


* tion proved to be true, he was appointed by us to An> jL Car- ** 

* be removed or comrhitted as the Cafe required j y__ y 7 ' .- 
k which was accordingly put iri Execution by the Julj. 

* Chief Commander of the Guards prefent, in pur- 

* fuance of the Orders we 1 gave "him. Conform- 

* ably thereunto we named unto him Dr. Sheldon 

* and Dr. Hammond^ to be proceeded aainft iu 

* like Manner. Col. Jffiaky anfwered, That he 
was to obey the Orders of the General, and, by 
exprefs Authority of the Houfes, was queftion- 

* able at a Council of War for his Life, if he did 

* otherwife ; that he was to expect particular 

* Commands from the General, even by the Votes 

* which at prefeht we infifted upon ; aud that our 

* Orders were not fatisfa&ory to him till he had 

* received his, wherein he fuppofed the Senfe of 

* the Houfes would not be otherwife taken ; ft r 
' that they would not impofe upon him an Obe- 

* dience which might involve him in a Contradic- 
' tiori to the General's Orders, which, if he ob- 
' ferved not, his Life was at Stake : But it was 
' clear they intended not to enfnare him therein, 

* having pofitively referred him to Orders which he 
8 was to receive from his Excellency fii'ft ; to whom 
e he fhould make a fpecdy Addrefs to that Pur- 

* Hereby your Lordfhips may well underflahd 

* that we are in no Capacity of ferving you, either 

* in this or what concerns his Majefty's Removal ; 

* prefuming you will not expect we fliould take 

* this Employment upon our own Hands, without 
c the Miniftry of thofe you have appointed to obey 
us. We have now fix Months conftantly at- 

* tended upon this Service^ and do earneflly wilh 

* to be difcharged, which (hall be taken as a F;i- 

* vour to, 


Tonr mo/t bumllc 

VOL. XVI. D After 

hi Majefty's 


50 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2} Cr. 1. After reading all the foregoing Papers, the Lords 

t l647 ' j refolved that a Letter be fent to Sir Thomas Fairfax? 

TV requiring him to fee the two Votes of the 28th andf 

2gth of June laff put in Execution, and to give 

Order to the Guards now with the King to obfervc 

Both Howfin-all Direchorrs they fhould receive from the Com- 

fortheirOrders m jul oncrs of Parliament ; alfo another Letter to 

for keerlng L)e- ,,-/-, ..,- L r i 1 i r T* 

linquents from thole Commilhoaers to put the laid Votes in Lxc- 
cution. Two Letters were accordingly drawn up 
^ thc Eai i of M a}}c ke/} f r, and fent to the Com- 
mons for their Concurrence, who agreed to them 
without Alteration. 

A Complaint being alfo made that Dr. Hatnmoru? 
and Dr. Sheldon had oftentimes^ of late, ufed the 
Common Prayer Book, and officiated before the 
King with divers fuperftitious Geftures contrary to 
the Directory^ thereby incurring the Penalty pre- 
fcribed by Ordinance of Parliament for the fame, 
the Lords ordered that they do forthwith appear at 
their Bar to anfwer fuch Matters- as fhould be ob- 
jected againft them. 

Next a Letter from the Earl of Nottingham and 
the Lord Jl^harton^ with two Papers inclofed, was 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER^ 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS. 

JPickhamy July I, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 


to the intended 
Treaty beten 

' \7 Efterday being the Faft, we put the Genera! 
* i in mind of the Treaty, and did earneftly 
Treaty et^en < r. h j m t h ere unto by Letters, a Copy whereof 

the Commiilion- , r r . -A/- I-L -11 

eriof the Par- we tend you ; in Anfwer to which we received thc 
< inclofed about One o'Clock this Morning. This 
' being all at prefent, we reft, 

litment aad the 

Lordjhip's humble Servant t % 


of ENGLAND. jr 

A Copy of the Commiflioners Letter to the Ge- An. z 3 Car. I. 
fceral, mentioned in the foregoing. t l6 * 7 ' _. 

trtckbam June 30, 1647; July ' 

May it pleafe your Excellency, 

* T T Aving received Power from both Houfes to 
1 1 treat with your Excellency, and fuch of the 
< Army as you fliall appoint, upon the Papers and 

* Defires fent from the Army to the Houfes* and the 

* Votes fent to us and the Commiflioners, where- 

* with we acquainted your Excellency on Sunday 

* laft j and did then defire your Excellency to put 
' the Treaty into a Way, which Defires we have 
every Day fmce renewed : 

' Forafmuch as the Peace of the Kingdom is 

* highly concerned in the fpeedy Difpatch thereof, 

* and the Expectations of the Houfes, the City, and 

* the Kingdom are much fet thereon, your Quar- 

* ters being now removed at fome reafonable Dif- 

* tance further from the City ; we defire to know 
from your Excellency with what Perfons we are to 

* treat, and the Time and Place of Meeting, for 
the bringing this Bufinefs to a fpeedy Conclufion ; 
in this we are the more earneft becaufe we are 
very fenfible that all Delays herein will be unac- 
ceptable to the Houfes, and thus we reft, 


Tour Excellency's bumble Servants, 



Sir Thomas Fairfax's Anfwer to the Parliament's 
Commiflioners < 

IVickham June 30, 1647. 
My Lerds, and Gentlemen, 

* T Am very fenfible of the great Inconveniences 

* 1 which Delay in the fpeedy Settlement of the 
' Affairs of the Kingdom may produce, and there- 

D 2 fore 

*fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

fore I am ready, according to the Parliament's Dc- 
' fires, to appoint Officers ta treat and attend your 
' Lordfhips for that Purpofe with all poffible Speed, 
4 that Delay may not reft on my Part : But I muft 

* needs tell you that the Army is unfatisfied, and 
' do conceive thcmfelves and the Kingdom unfafe, 
' until their laft Proportion delivered into this 

* Houfe be fully anfwered ; which they hope will 

* be the Parliament's next Care, and therefore de- 

* lire to know their Pleafure concerning them before 
4 they come to a Concluhon in any Thing j which 
4 being done, I am confident they will proceed with 
4 unanimous Intention to obferve their Commands 
' in all Things which may tend to the Good of the 
4 Kingdom.' 

By appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas Fair- 
fax and his Council of War. 


'July 2. The Commons fent up a Vote they had 
paifed, and defired their Lordfhips Concurrence to- 
it, viz. * That the King fhould not refide nearer 
to London than where the Quarters of the Army 
(hall be allowed to be.' After fome Debate, the 
Lords, on the Qucftion, pafled it alfo, the Earls of 
Rutland, Suffolk , and Stamford, only diffenting. 

The fame Day a Petition from the City of Lcn~ 
don was prefented and read in btsc Verba : 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS ajjembled in the 
High Court ef Parliament, 

The HUMBLE PETITION cf the Lord Mayor, Alder- 
men, and Commons of th City of London in Com- 
mon Council ajjembled, 

Humbly Jhewethy 

A Petition from t >-ip HAT the Petitioners cannot but call to 
don forP^mTnt 4 * Mind the Deliverance which they and the 
of the Soldiery, * whol e Kingdom did juftly expect from this Par- 
* fpeeay Settle- ( jiament. after fo many Years Suffering under the 

mcnt of the Na- . r. 

tion, &c. rower 

*/* ENGLAND. 53 

e Power of an arbitrary Government, both in their An. a? Car. I. 
c Spiritual and Temporal Concernments ; and they 1647- 

* do humbly acknowledge that this Parliament * T^ 
< hath removed many Obftacles, and are confident y 

* would, by this Time, with God's Blcffing, have 

* reftored the Kingdom, to its juft Liberties, and 

* fettled a fare Foundation for its future Happinefs, 
' if they had not been diverted by the great Coa- 

* trivers of the Kingdom's Slavery ; who, rather 

* than fubmit to the Juftice of this High Court, 

* have raifed and maintained a bloody, unnatural, 

* and long War againft the Parliament of England ; 
' in the Supprefllon whereof as much Blood hath 

* been fpilt, fo a great Treafure hath been fpent ; 

* and the Kingdom is fti-11 left involved in many 

* Engagements and Debts, both to their Brethren 

* of Scotland, (who, like true Chriftian Brethren,* 
' came in to our Aid againft the common Enemy) 

* and alib to a Multitude of Officers, Soldiers, and 

* others the well-affecled People of this Land, who 
' did engage in the Defence and Support thereof, 

' And although the Petitioners, in the Obligation - 
' which' the Caufe of God and the Public Safety 
'did caft upon them, have all this Time both 

* freely contributed, and chearfully fubmitted, to- 
' many great and unufual AflefTments, which alia 

* could not be levied but in an extraordinary Way; 
' yet they cannot but be fenftble how arbitrary Power 

* hath been, during thefe Diftempers, exercifed by 

* Committees and others, by whom the good Sub- 

* ject hath been oftentimes more oppreflea than the 

* Delinquent fupprefled ; and who have managed 

* the Receipts and Revenues, which were defigned 
' to maintain the Public Charge, fo diforderly and 

* ineffectually, that the Kingdom cannot but be 
' unfatisfied concerning the due Employment there- 

* of; and doubt that much of the public Money 

* hath been employed to private Ends, and remains 
obfcured in the Hands of fuch as were intruded 
' with the Collection of thofe AfTeflments, and thr 

* Improvement of all Sequeftrations to the beft Ad'- 

* vantage of the Public. And indeed the Petitioner"; 

D 3 * hav 

54 y&e Parliamentary H I s T o R v 

a* Car. I. < have Reafon to attribute much of the late Dif* 
' * 7 ' . * content and Diforders of divers Officers and Sol- 
j u jy 4 * diers urto the Want of fuch Money as, if duly 

* collected and faithfully managed might have, in 

* good Parr, if not fully, fatibfied the Soldiery ; and 

* do humbly conceive that the Parliament hath fo 

* much the more Reafon to enquire into the fame, 

* becaufe that, from this Defect, hath rifen thofe 

* late Attempts of fome of the Soldiery \ and there 

* is fuch Ule made of the Vote patted by the Par- 

* liament for their Satisfaction, to invite and draw 

* together very great Numbers of Officers and Sol- 
e diers from all Parts of the Kingdom, under Pre-r 

* fence of fharing the Money fo obtained, that it 
' may very much endanger the Peace and Safety of 

* the City. The Petitioners, therefore, for Remedy 

* of the faid Grievances, and Prevention of thofe 
' Dangers which otherwife may be feared, and for 
' Settlement of this miferable and diftrafted King- 

* dom, do humbly pray, 

1. * That prefent Command be given, that no 

* Officers of War nor Soldiers, other than fuch as 
are already come in, do enter the Line of Commu- 

* nication, under any Pretence of fharing in the 

* Monies lately appointed by Parliament towards the 
' Satisfaction of any Arrears. 

2. ' That fuch Officers and Soldiers, who are 

* already paid according to the late feveral Ordi- 

* nances of Parliament in this Behalf made, if their 

* ufual Habitation and Employment have been 

* within the Line, be enjoined forthwith to betake 

* themfelves to their Calling, or fome honeft Con* 

* dition of Living ; and be prohibited from their 
' loofe and tumultuous Wandering and Meeting 
' within this Cjty, aad other Places adjacent, un- 

* der Penalty of lofmg their Arrears. And that 

* fuch Officers and Soldiers as have Dwellings or 

* other Relations in the Country, be required to 
? depart the Line within two Days after Publica- 

* tion, and to return to their Homes or Habitations, 
' and there apply themfelves to their feveral Calr 

* lings, on the l}ke Forfeiture of their Arrears ; 

5 < except 

*f ENGLAND, 55 

r except fuch whofe prefent and lawful Occafions An. 13 Car. I. 
' may require their Continuance, to be approved of ^ ' 647> 

* by a Committee for that Purpofe to be appointed. j ul ^ 

* And that the Parliament would pleafe to make fome 

* fpeedy and certain Provifion for the fatisfying of 
*" all Arrears unto the Soldiery, who have ferved the 
4 Parliament, within fome {hort and convenient 
' Time, to be paid in the feveral Counties and 
4 Places of their Abode, according to the Conditions 

* of their Entertainment. 

3. ' * That all Officers and Soldiers, who have 

* been in Arms againft the Parliament, or others 

* who have affifted or contributed thereunto, be 

* enjoined, upon Pain of Imprifonment, within 
4 twenty four Hours after Publication, to repair to 
4 their feveral Habitations, and to fall to their law- 
' ful Callings j and that fuch Officers, Soldiers, 

* and others, as have no Habitations nearer, be 

* commanded forthwith to withdraw themfelves, 

* and to continue at leaft twenty Miles from Lon- 
4 don for the Space of forty Days ; except fuch as, 

* by a Committee authorized and appointed for that 

* Purpofe, fhall have Licence, upon juft Caufe by 
' them allowed, to remain, in or near London, fo 

* long Time yntill they have difpatched fuch Bu- 
c fineries as they fhall have in or near the City; which 
4 ended then prefently to retire twenty Miles 
' from the City upon Pain of Imprifonment as 

* aforefaid. 

4. ' That fuch Commanders and Soldiers as, ac- 

* cording to former Orders of the Parliament, have 
4 come in from the Army, having received their 
* Monies, may be otherwife difpofed of as the Par*- 
4 liament fhall think fit, 

5. * That all Perfons whatfoever that are po- 
4 fefled of any Monies or Goods belonging to the 
4 Public, may be enjoined to bring the fame, with*- 

* in one Month after Publication, into fuch pub- 

* lie Treafury as is or fhall be appointed for that 

* Purpofe j under Penalty to forfeit treble the Value 
4 of that which fhall be duly proyed to be fo con- 

* cealed, the Half of the Forfeiture to be given 

P 4 'to 

56 f/je parliamentary HISTQRY 

An. 13 Car. I. < to fucb, Perfons as {hall make Proof of fuch Con-i 
1 l647 ' -^ * cea l ment i an d tne other Half to be applied to thq 
j v j" * Service of the State. 

6. ' That all Revenues, as well fuch as are due 

* by Sequeftration or otherwife, be managed under 

* fuch Commiflion?, and by fuch Perfons 'as, not- 
' WKhftandi^g any Privilege of parliament or other- 
c . wife, may be held to Rules as are, or {hall 
( be, pre.c:ib:d therein, b/ Ordinance of Parlia- 
' ment ; anl be liable, for Breach thereof, to anfwcr 
' the fame in due Courfe of Law ; and that no ar- 
4 bitrary Power may be exercifed to the contrary by 
4 any Perfon whatfoever. 

7. * That the Parliament would, for the prefent, 

* pleafe to lay afide all Bufmeffes of lefler Confe- 

* quence, or private Concernment, and improve 
4 their Time and utmbfl Endeavour that fuch 

* Laws may be prepared 'for his Majefry's Royal 
' Concurrence as may {ettle the Government of 

* the Church, fecure the People from all unlaw- 
' ful and arbitrary Power whatfoever in future, 
4 and reflore his Majefty to his juft Rights and Au- 

* thority, according to the Covenants without all 

* which the Petitioners can neyer expert any laft- 

* ing Eftablifliment ; that fo this long divided and 

* diftraclcd Kingdom may attain to the Bleflings 

* of Peace and Unity in Church and Common- 
1 wealth. 

8. * And, that the People may be the better fe- 

* cured to enjoy the Intended Effects of fuch Laws 

* as {hall be fo made with the Royal' AfTent, thaf 

* efpecial Care b,e taken that all Officers of State, 

* and other Minifters of Juftice, rnay be Perfons of 

* Honour, of confiderable Interefr, and of known. 
4 Integrity to the Parliament and Kingdom. 

9. ' That the Parliament would pleafe to pro- 

* vide for the carrying on pf the Affairs in Ireland^ 
' by a fpeedy tranfporting the Forces which lie 

* rerdy on the Sea-fide, and fuch others as {hall be 
c willing to engage in that Service, and by fuch 
1 continual Supplies as are requifite to reduce that 
4 Kingdom to the Obedknce of the Crown of 


.' England, and refcue the good Party left there out An. 23 Car. I. 

* of the bloody Hands of thofe barbarous Rebels. 
i* And, for the better Kncouragement of the Subje&s 
of this Kingdom to continue their Supplies for 

* that Service, that, with as much Speed as conve- 

* niently may be, the Parliament will pleafc to take 

* Care that the People be cafed of fuch extraordinary 
.' Charges and Burdens as have long lain, and flill 

* remain, upon this Kingdom. 

10. ' That, by juft and good Means, the Cor- 

* refpondence with our Brethren of Scotland may, ac- 
' cording to the National Covenant, be maintained 

* and preferved. 

II.' That this Honourable Houfe would pleafe 

* to give Order for a fpeedy Examination of all 

* unlawful Elections and Returns of the Members 

* thereof, and purge the Houfe of all fuch as have 
' been unduly chofen, or have been in Arms or in 

* Action againft the Parliament j and provide for the 

* 'Supply of their Rooms, according to the Laws of 
' the Land. 

12. ' That feme fpeedy Courfe maybe taken for 
4 the deciding of all Caufes formerly determinable 
f in the Court of Admiralty; the Trade and Navi- 
' gation qf this Kingdom, an4 the jCorrefpondence 
4 with foreign Nations, being very much prejudiced, 
' difturbed, and endangered for Want of due Pro- 
c vifion herein, as hath formerly been at large repre- 
' fented unto this Honourable Houfe. 

13. And laftly, that Satisfaction being made 
' by Delinquents, according to the Wifdom of Par- 

* liament, an Adi of Oblivion may be paffed, for 
' an utter Abolition and final Reconcilement of all 

* Parties and Differences, and for the quiet fettling 

* of Peace, Love, and Unity among the Subjects 

* of this Kingdom. All which the Petitioners 

* fubmit unto the Wifdom of this Honourable 

* Houfe.' 

The above Petition was prefented alfo to the 
Commons, and had only this Anfwer returned to 

5 8 The Parliamentary HIST OR Y 

An. aj Car. i. } t f rom both Houfes, That the Prefenters had their 

i. * A * 7 l_ f Thanks for their conflant and good Affeclions to the 

July. Parliament j that the Particulars of the Petition were 

many and long, and a great Part thereof under Con- 

fideration already j and the reft they would fpeedily 

confider on,' Mr. JWitlock obferves here, (f) 

* That feveral Members attended the Houfe lefs 
when thefe Matters were in Agitation, being unfa- 
tisfied that the Army and City mould thus feem to 

impofe upon the Parliament. This is confirmed 

by the frequent Inilances in the Journal^ about 
this Time, of Orders of Leave for Members to go 
into the Country. 


The Commiflloners refiding with the Army hav- 
ing fent up feveral Papers to the Houfe of Lords, 
they were read as follows : 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHEST R, 
Copies of feveral Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS. 

Papers prepara- , 

tory to the Trea- frtcxaam, July J, 1647. 

?JS % My It pleafe your Lcrdjhlp, 
tkt Army. * T T Pon Confideration of the General's Papers, 
\-J which we fent you this Morning, we have 

* this Day made a further Addrefs to the General, 

* defiring him to make known unto us the Perfons 

* who fhould treat with us upon the Papers and 

* Defires fent from the Army to the Houfes, and 

* the Votes fent to us, and the Time and Place of 

* meeting ; a Copy of which Letter of ours to the 
' General I fend you here inclofed : In Anfwer to 
' which the General fent unto us this Evening, by 
' Colonel Fleetwood, a Commiflion under his Hand 

* and Seal for certain of his Officers to treat with us, 

* beginning in the Morning at our Lodgings by eight 
1 o'Clock ; a Copy whereof I alfo fend you. Of our 

* Proceeding herein your Lordfhip fhall receive frc 
' quent Account. 

* We have likewife received this Day, from the 
4 General, a Vindication of the Army from a print- 
cd Pamphlet, publifhed to the Scandal and Pre^ 
(f) Mtaieriah, p. 260. 


of ENGLAND. 59 

* judicc of the Army, a Copy whereof you receive An. 23 Car. I* 

* inclofed from ^_ 

Tour Lordjhtp's bumble Servant, July. 


COPY -of a LETTER from the CommiJJioncrs to the 
General, mentioned above. 

May It pleafc your Excellency, 

WE have confidered your Letter to us, dated 
Yefterday, in which we perceive your Ex- 
cellency is ready to appoint Officers to treat with 
us upon the Papers and Defires fent from the 
Army to the Houfes, and the Votes fent to us ; 
and therefore we defire again that the Perfons, 
Time, and Place may be made known unto us, 
the principal of our laft Propofitions being, to 
our Apprehenfions, already fully anfwered, and 
the reft under Confideration ; which, we hope, 
will be this Pay perfected. We are, 

S I R, 

Your humble Servants, 




Copy of the GENERAL'S COMMISSION to treat 
with the Commijfioners of Parliament, 

' I Hereby appoint Lieutenant-General Cromwell^ 

* A Commiflary-General Ireton, Colonel Fleet- 

* wood, Colonel Rain/borough, Colonel Harrifon, 

* Colonel Sir Hardrefs Waller, Colonel Rich, Co- 

* lonel Lambert, Colonel Hammond, and Major Def- 

* borough ; thefe ten or any five of them, of which 

* the major Part to be of the five Jaft, to treat and 

* debate with the Right Honourable the Com- 

* miffioners of Parliament rending with the Army* 
' upon the Papers and Defires fent from the Army to 

* both Houfes, and the Votes fent to the Army, ac- 

' cording 

60 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a. Car. I. f cording to the Effeft pf the Order of both Houfcs, 

t ' * 7 ' , * dated the 26th of June, 1647 ; and, for that Pur- 

jaiy. ' Pfe to attend the faid Cpmmiffioners at their 

' lodgings at the ath,er.ine IWecl^ To-morrow 

c Morning at eight o'Clock, and fo, from Time to 

* Time, and PJace to Place, as fliall be mutually 

* agreed upon. 

Given under my Hand and Seal at Wickham, tht 
frji Day of July, 1647. 


POPY of a DECLARATION in Vindication of tht 

Wickham^ July i. 1647. 

TheUttcc\Vin- c TTTHereas we find a Paper, lately printed and 

SSjJJfJf. * " publiflied, bearing the Title of Heads prer 

private Treaty * fented by the Army to the King's Majcfly^ on Satur- 

^f"^* 01 ' day, June 19, 1647 : Though we think it will, 

KlDg> of itfelf, appear fuch a confufed headlefs Piece, 

' fo furreptitioufly crept forth, and in fuch a pure 

4 Pamphlet Drefs, as we hope it will gain little 

f Belief to our Prejudice ; yet, to avoid any Jea- 

' loufies or doubtful Thoughts which it might 

' poffibly breed in any honeft Mind, we cannot but 

' take Notice of it j and, for the Vindication of 

' the Army, we do hereby declare, that the faid 

' printed Pamphlet is mqft falfe, fcandalous, and 

* injurious to us and this Army : neither hath 

* there been any fuch Paper prefented to his Ma r 
' jefty, by or from this Army : And the fame we 

* profefs and declare, with great Deteftation, con- 
' cerning another written Paper, whereof wp had 
' a Copy fhewed to us Yefterday by the Commif- 

* miffioners of the City, intituled, Articles agreed upon 

* between the Army and the King the i6tb of June. 

* And we defire all that wifti well ito this Army, 

* the King, Parliament, or Peace of the Kingdom, 

* that they will do their beft to find out and difco- 

* ver the Authors and Publishers of the faid Paper 

* and Pamphlet, or any Thing elfe of that Na- 

* turc 

*/* ENGLAND. 61 

* lure that may be divulged concerning the Army, An - *3 Car> r * 
' to interrupt or prejudice the prefent Settling and t * * 7 ' ^ 

< ompofure of Affairs. j u i y . 

' And we hope it will not be further needful, or 

* expected from us, that we fhould give particular 
c Anfwer to every fcandalous Paper which the Ma- 

* lice of our Enemies may forge againft us ; but 

* that what we have publiflied to the World in our 

* Reprefentation, and other Papers avowed by us, 

* may ferve to clear our Intentions untill we fhall 
' appear to adl fomething to the contrary. 

By the Appointment of bis Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and his Council of War. 


This Vindication of the Army was ordered by 
both Houfes to be printed, and is in Mr. Rujh- 
worth's Collegians ; though neither of the Papers, 
which gave ib great Difguft to that formidable 
Body, are entered there in the Journals : But we 
have met with a Copy of the firft of them in the 
Library of the late Sir John Goodricke. There is 
not the Name of the Printer fubjoined ; nor is it 
reafonable to fuppofe any one would dare to own 
it fo publickly ; but it is printed on a broad Sheet, 
and runs thus : 

HEADS prefented by the ARMY tt the KIN c's 
June 19, 1647. 

I. T^HAT Dominion Is in the King, and The pretcn-ted 
< 1 Property in the Subject. Articles thof. 

II. ' That they will reftore his Majefty to his 
' Crown and Dignity. 

III. * That his Royal Function doth not take 

* away his natural Relation ; he is to have the 
c Breeding of his Children, and difpofmg of them 

* in Marriage. 

IV. < That he will be pleafed to invite his Royal 

* Confort the Queen, that he may have the Com- 

* fort of her Society ; and that (he fliall have the 

' Exercifc 

6 2 ne Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. t- * Exercife of her Religion according to th Article! 

1647. t o f the Marriage. 

*" f ~rf ' V. * That they will not meddle with the Go- 
* vernment of the Church, but leave it in Statu quo 

VI. c That he be pleafed to call them his Army ; 
' and, if this be not fufficient Aflurance of their 

* Loyalty and Fidelity, that his Majefty will be 
pleafed to fet upon them any other Character, 

* whereby they may be more notorioufly known to 

* be his Servants. 

VII. Whereas there is now a Difference be- 

* tween the Parliament and the Army, that his 

* Majefty will be pleafed to be the Umpire ; for 

* they will have no other Judge between them but 

* his Majefty. 

VIII. That his Majefty will be pleafed to 

* confent to the Diflblution of this Parliament ; and 

* that, by the firft of Augujl next, Writs be iflued 

* out for the calling of a new one. 

IX. * That his Majefty will be pleafed to con- 
c Tent to an Act of Oblivion, wherein they may be 

* fecured as well as his own Party, with a fpecial 
Regard had to tender Confciences. 

' Thefe Heads are drawn to a Declaration, whichr 
c is expected to come forth, printed at Cambridge. \g} 

Whether fuch a Treaty was actually on Foot or 
not between the King and the Army, and they 
might, upon the Difcovery thereof, think proper to 
deny it ; or whether it was a Device of the King's 
Party to render the Breach wider between the 
Parliament and the Army, is left to the Reader's- 
Judgment : But it is evident from the Letters we 
have lately given, and other foregoing Circum- 
ftances, that the King was treated with much more 
Refpect at this Time by the Army than he had 
been at Holdenby by the Parliament's Commif- 
fioners. General Ludlmv's Account of the Army'f 

(g) The Army was then at Nnvgtarket, and their Remonftrancet, 
ftfc. at that Time were printed at Ceuniriilre, by Regtr Daniel, the 
Univerfity Printer, of which there are levera! Inftanees In ouf 
Fifteenth Volume, 


^/ENGLAND. 63 

Conduct towards the King we have already men- Am 43 Car. I. 
lioned : And Lord Clarendon's will fall not impro- 
perly in this Place (h). 

' The King found himfelf, when at Newmarket^ 
attended by greaterTroops and fuperior Officers ; fo 
that he was prefently freed from any Subjection to 
Mr. Joyce* which was no fmall Satisfaction to 
him ; and they who were about him appeared Men 
of better Breeding than the former, and paid his 
Majefty all the Refpect imaginable, and feemed to 
cbfire to pleafe him in all Things. All Reftraint 
was taken off from Perfons reforting to him, and 
he faw every Day the Faces of many who were 
grateful to him ; and he no fooner defired that fome 
tof his Chaplains might have Leave to attend upon 
him for his Devotion, but it was yielded to j and 
they who were named by him (who were Dr. Shel- 
<&, Dr. Morley, Dr. Sanderfon^ and Dr. Ham* 
rnond) were prefently fent, and gave their attend- 
ance, and performed their Function at the ordi- 
nary Hours, in their accuftomed Formalities ; all 
Perfons who had a Mind to it being fuffered to be 
prefent, to his Majefty's infinite Satisfaction } who 
begun to believe that the Army was not fo much 
his Enemy as it was reported to be ; and the Army 
had fent an Addrefs to him full of Proteftation of 
Duty, and befought him, * That ne would be con- 

* tent, for fome Time, to reiide among them, un- 
' til the Affairs of the Kingdom were put into fuch 

* a Pofture as he might find all Things to his own 
c Content and Security ; which they infinitely de-> 

* fired to fee as foon as might be, and to that Pur- 

* pofe made daily Inftances to the Parliament.' In 
the mean Time his Majefty fat ftill, or removed 
to fuch Places as were moft convenient for the 
March of the Army, being in all Places as well 
provided for and accommodated as he had ufed to 
be in any Progrefs ; the beft Gentlemen of the fe- 
veral Counties through which he pafTed daily re- 
fbrted to him without Diftin&ion ; he was at- 

(b) Hiflorj, Vol. V. p. 50. SOT Edit. 


64 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. t en( 3 ec i by fome of his old trufty Servants in the 

t . T 47 ' , Places neareft his Perfon ; and that which gave" 

July. him moft Encouragement to belreve that they 

meant well, was that, in the Army's Addrefs to 

the Parliament, they defircd, * That Care might 

c be taken for fettling the King's Rights according 

* to the feveral Profeffions they had made in their 

* Declarations ; and that the Royal Party might 
' be treated with more Candour and lefs Rigour;' 
and many good Officers, who had fcrved his Ma- 
jefty faithfully, were civilly received by the Offi- 
cers of the Army, and lived quietly in their Quar- 
ters, which they could not do any where elfe ; 
which raifed a great reputation to the Army 
throughout the Kingdom, and as much Reproach' 
upon the Parliament.' 

The fame Day that the foregoing Letters and 
Papers from the Parliament's and the Army's 
Commimoners were read in both Houfes, a Lettei k 
was alfo prefented to them from the Elector Pala- 
tine^ fignifying his Intentions to vifit his Majefty. 
That unhappy Prince, whofe principal Support, at 
this Time, was a Penfion of 8000 /. per Annum 
from the Parliament, had taken Part wfth them 
againft his Royal Uncle, and had even ctmde- 
fcended to accept of a Seat in the Aflembly of Di- 

The Copy of this Letter, as entered in the Lords 
Journals, addrefled to their Speaker, runs thus : 

My Lord, July 2, 1647. 

The Elector Pa- c Tp HE unhappy Differences between the King 
latine defires c J| an j t ^ e Parliament being in an hopeful 
^meMtovifir' Way of Compofure, and his Majefty, for the 
bis Majefty. < prefent, near thefe Parts, it is looked upon as 
c what may well become my Duty, in the near 

* Relation I have to him, to make a Journey to 
< kifshis Hands; yet, out of my Refpe&s (which 
c are unalterable) to this Houfe, I thought fit to 
forbear it, until I know whether they wiH ap- 
6 prove of it : I do therefore defire your Lordfhip 

4 to 


c to acquaint them therewith, that, in cafe it ftand Aa - 2 3 Ca * I' 

* with their Liking, I may fend alfo to know his 
' Majefty's Pleafure therein ; thus I reft 

Tour Lordjhips moji affectionate Friend, 

Both Houfcs ordered that it be left to the Prince 
Elector to do as he fhould think fir : That a Com- 
mittee be appointed to acquaint his Highnefs there- 
with ; and that they took well the Refpecl he had 
ftiewn to the Parliament on this Occafion. A few 
Days after, the Elector waited upon the King at the 
Lord Craven's Houfe, near Caverfham. 

July 3. In the Houfe of Lords feveral more 
Letters were read addrefs'd to their Speaker. And 

A Letter from the Lord Montague. 

My Lord, Windfor July 2, 164.7. 

1 TH HE King removed Yeftcrday from HatfeklMartlcttenit- 
c JL to Jfmdfir, where Colonel Whichcot, be-'" 

* ing Governor, hath the Command of the prefent 

* Guard j and we have given him our Orders to 

* remove Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Hammond from about 

* the Perfon of the King, with all others that, 

* by your late Votes and the fifth Article of our 

* Inftrudlions, are not permitted to have Accefs to 

* his Majefty. Thefe Orders he hath willingly 

* received from us, and undertaken to obey them 
' accordingly. 

* The Duke of Richmond went away from Hat- 
'field two Days ago. This is all at prefent we have 

* to acquaint you with, being very defirous, as far as 

* in us lies, toobferve your Commands, remaining, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip's mojt humble Servant, 

?. S. 


. S. The King intends to remove from hence 

Caver fliam, near Reading, To-morrow.' 

OL. XVI. E Nex^ 


6 6 T/-t' Parliamentary H i s T o ft V 

An 'iV Car-t ' Next, a Letter from the Commiflioners r 

, _ , with the Armyj with feveral Papers inclofed, was 1 

j B l y . read. 

Wickbam Jufy 2j 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lordfhi^ 

ty be- ' "T^ ^11 o Day we have entered upon the Treaty, 
tween the Par- ' X The Commiifions on both Parts have beert 
JSJ^^J" c read > and fome Propofitions touching the Me- 
thofe of the Ar- * thod of our Proceeding in the Treaty mutually 
nay. * confented unto, the Copies whereof we fend here 

* inclofed. 

* We have Notice given us that the General and 
' his Council of War are refolved to remove the 

* Head-Qtrarters" To-morrow to Reading ; at which 
4 Place, they allure us, they will proceed in thfe 

* Treaty with all Diligence and Expedition oa 
4 Monday Morning by feven o J C-lock ; thus we 
1 reft 

Your Lsrdjhip's bumble Servant, 


The Papers above-referred to in the Commu- 
fioners Letter : 

At the Treaty begun at Wiclcham, July 2, 1647, 
prefenty of the C&nimijjioners of the Parliament , the 
Earl of Nottingham, Lord Wharton, Field-Mar* 
yfta/'Slcippon, Sir Henry Vane jun. Sir Thomas 
Widdrington, Colonel White, Thomas Scawen, 
Efq ; and Thomas Povey, Efq ; 

Prffent, of the Commijfioners of the Arrny^ CommiJJary- 
General Ireton, Sir Hardrefs Waller, Col. Rich, 
Col. Lambert, Major Defborough. 

c TT 1 OR the Method of Proceedings, it is offer'd 
' JL by the Commiflioners of Parliament, that 

* feeing the Treaty is to be had upon the Papers and 
' Defires fent from the Army to the Houfes, and 
the Votes of the Houfes fent to their CommilTi- 

* oners refiding with the Army, 

5 i. That 

of E' N G L A N O. 67 

1. e That in all Matters to be treated on, there An. 23 Car. 1. 
t fllall be a free Debate had by Conference. v_l!* 7 ' 

2. ' That the Refults of fuch Debates, in Points " July. 

* that relate to the Defires of the Army, fhall be, 
' by the Commiflioners of Parliament, delivered to 

* the Commiflioners of the Army in Waiting to be 

* prefented to the Council of War for their Con- 
' fideration, that a fpeedy Conclufion may be there- 
' upon had, 

3. ' That in this Treaty nothing fhall be taken 

* for the Defire, Opinion, or Refolution of the 
' Commiflioners, ort either Part, but what is given 

* in Waiting, figned by their refpecSlive Secretaries. 

4. * That in the managing of the Treaty, and 
1 for the more fpeedy Expedition, at any Time, 

* Papers figned as aforefaid may be fent arid re- 
' ceived betwixt the Commiflioners upon emergent 
' Occafions. 

5. ' That we fhall be defirous to hear from the 
8 Commiflioners of the Army the Way and Method 

* wherein they intend to proceed in the managing 

* of the Defires of the Army \ wherein we {hall not 
' doubt but that they will take fuch Courfe as may 
' tend to the greateft Expedition. 

6. c That Meetings of the Commiflioners fhall 

* be, from Time to Time; by mutual Agreement 
' of the Commiflioners, or upon the Defires of ei- 

* ther Party reflectively, at fuch Place within the 
' Head-Quarters as the Commiflioners for the Par- 

* liament fhall appoint. 

Signed by the Appointment of the Ccmmijfionen of 

GEO. PYKE, Secretary. 

JPickham, Catherine-JPheel, July 2, 1647. 
O the Offers of the Right Honourable the 
Commiflioners of Parliament, for the Me- 

* thod of Proceeding, the Commiflioners of the 

* Army do anfwer : 

To the firft we agree fully. To the fecond 

* we agree. To the third We wholly agree. ' To 

2 the 

68 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ar. 13 Car.l. < the fourth we agree. To the fifth we fhall wil- 

* lingly perform what is dcfired, at leaft in Parts, 
' from Time to Time as there is Occafion ; but we 

* defire that there may be no Stop to the Procced- 

* ings in the Treaty, upon any Part of the Things 

* to be treated on, in Expectation of a general 
4 Method for the Whole. To the fixth we wholly 
4 agree. 

Signed by the Appointment of the CommiJ/ionen of 
of the Army. CLERKE< 

The Lords received Advice this Day, that a 
Meflenger had been lent to JVlndfor to enquire after 
Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Hammond, and to ferve their 
Lordmips Order upon them, requiring them to 
appear before that Houfe, but that they were gone 
from thence. 

July 6. A Letter from the Lord Montague was 
read, directed as ufual. 

My Lardy Cavcrjham July 4, 1647, 

4 "\T Efterday the King removed from It'indfcr to 
4 JL Cavcrjham, where now he is. Dr. Sheldon, 
4 Dr. Hammond^ and others in like Condition, have 

* the fame Liberty 'of Accefs as they had before his 
c Majefty cam? to fPfruflor. This is all the Account 

* I can give you, remaining, 

My Lord, 

Tour Lordjhip 1 !: vwjl humble Servant, 

A Letter from the Earl of Nottingham was read. 

Readin?, July 5, 1647. 
Eleven at Night. 

May it pleafi ysur Lord/hip, 

4 VT7 E acquainted you, by our laft, that this 
4 W Morning, at Seven, we were again to 
4 maet the Commiflioners of the Army, to make 



' farther Proceeding upon the Treaty; in Expec- An. 

* tation whereof we continued until pad Twelve of 

* the Clock this Day, when we had Notice given 

* us by Commiffary-General Irtton^ Sir Ilardrefe 
' Waller, and fome others of the Commiflioners, 
' that the Bufinefs of the Charge concerning the 

* eleven Members, and fome other intervening Qc~ 

* cafions, had taken up fo much Time that they 

* could not poflibly come to us fooner ; but they 
4 allured us that this Afternoon, about Two 
' o'Clock, they would give us a Meeting ; about 

* which Time they came accordingly, and, in the 

* firft Place, propounded for our Debate fome 

* Things which they affirmed to be wanting in the 

* late Votes of the tioufes, in relation to the De- 

* fires of the Army lent from Uxbridge, "June the 
' 27111, 1647. At this Meeting alfo Intimation 
< was given unto us, that they have feveral Things 
c of Weight to offer, very much conducing, as 

* they fay, to the preferving of the Peace and Safety 

* of the Kingdom : Unto which we replied, That 
' if the Things they had to offer were contained 
' within the Papers and Defires of the Army, to 

* which our Commiffion refers, we ftiould then he 

* ready to debate upon them when they were com- 
' municated to us. 

4 We are in continual Expectation to have what 

* they have to offer to us hereupon ; but it is fo late 

* at Night that we cannot hope to come to any De- 

* bate thereof till To-morrow Morning ; and there - 

* fore hojd it our Duty to give you this Account at 
prefent, and reft 

Your Lord/hip's humble Servant y 


The fame Day, July 6, a particular Charge of 

Impeachment, for high Crimes and Mifdemeanors, 

was prefented, by feveral Officers of the Army, to 

the Houfe of Commons againft the Eleven Mem- 

E 3 bers, 

70 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Cr. I.bcrs, whom we have lately mentioned, and (hall 

L l6 * 7 '. i have Occafion to do more frequently hereafter. 

j u jy t The Officers being withdrawn, the impeached 

Members, (who, at their own Dcfue, had Leave to 

abfent themfelvcs from the Service of the Houfe on 

the 26th of laft Month) being fent for, and call'd 

in, the Charge was read ; and they gave a general 

Anfwer to the Particulars they were refpe&ively 

concern'4 in, A Day was alfo appointed for 

taking this Matter into farther Confideration. 

Thus far the Journals : But the Articles of this 
Charge are not entered there, nor in Mr. Ru/h~ 
wortb's Qollcftians^ although fubfcribed by himfel*, 
as Secretary to Sir Thomas Fairfax and the Council 
pf War, and printed by their Appointment at 
the Time ; from which Edition the following is 
a Copy (a). 

4 particular CHARGE or I MPEACHMEN T, in 
the Name of bis Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
and the Army under bis Command againji Denzil 
Holies, Efq; Sir Philip Stapylton, Sir William 
Lewis, Sir John Clotworthy, Sir William 
Waller, Sir John Maynard, Knights, Major 
General MafTey, John Glynne, Efq ; Recorder of 
London, Walter Long Efq ; Colonel Edward 
Harley, and Antony Nicholl, Efa ; Members of 
the Houfe of Commons. 

A particular c "IT 7 Hereas on the i5th Day of June laft, the 
charge of im- t \\ Heads of a Charge were Delivered, in the 
SSuTSie 1 "*" c Nam ? of the faid Army x unto the Commfffioners of 
Commons, in ' Parliament, to be fent up to the Parliament againft 
the Name of the < t h e Perfons above-named : Now, in Profecution 
tie'ra Members ' an< ^ Maintenance thereof, and according to the 
f that Houfe, ' Power thereby referved, it is, in the Name of the 

' faid Army, more particularly charged againft the 

* faid Perfons as followeth : 

I, That the faid Mr, Denzil Holies, during 

< the late War, in Profecution of the evil Defigns 

(a) Printed for Gccrgt Whittingtan, at the Bht Anchor in Corn- 
bill, near the Royal Exchange, 1647. . 



*.exprefled in the general Heads of Articles for> An - *3 Car. I 
-* merly exhibited, contrary to the Truft repofed 
f in him, contrary to his Oath taken in June 1643, 

* and contrary to the Ordinance of Parliament, 
dated in Otfober 1643, hath aflifted the King in 

* the late unnatural War, and held Correfpondence 

* and Intelligence with the Enemy againft the Par- 

* liament, jn Manner following, viz. He ? being 

* one of the fpecial Commiflioners for the Parlia- 

* ment, to prefent Propofidons of both Houfes to 

* the King at Oxford, did privately, and contrary 
< to his Inftrudions, at feveral Times, make his 

* Addrefles unto the King's Party there, then in 
.* Arms againft the Parliament, namely, to the 
c Earl of Lindfey, the Earl of Southampton, the 
5 Lord Saville and others ; and did ,(ecretly pjot and 

* advife with them againft the Parliament ; and 

* did intimate unto them, or on,e pf them, that 

* the faid Proppfitions, then fent unto his Majefty 

* by the Parliament, were unreafonable : And be- 
' ing demanded wj?at Anfwer he would advife the 
' King ,to make to the faid Propofitions, he did 
4 advife that the King fliould demand a Treaty 
howeyer, and then declare how unreafonable the 

* Propofitions were ; and that yet, for the Peace of 

* the Kingdom, his Majefty would treat upon them ; 

* but withall wifhed the Treaty might be in Lon- 
f- don, whither the King himfelr fhould come upon 

* Security : Adding, That there was nothing in 

* the World that the violent Party (meaning the 

* well-affe.tSted Party to the Parliament againft the 

* Enemy) did fo much fear as his Majefty's coming 
' to London^ which would be a certain Diflblution of 
.' their Authority and Power : And the faid Mr. 

* Holies bad thofe faid Perfons, or one of them, 

* aflure the King, That if his Majefty knew as 

* much as he knew, his Majefty would take his 
' Horle and be at London the next Day, or Wqrds 
' to that EfFeil. 

' And it being again demanded, whether, (if the 

f Jing fhould be willing to come) it would be ac- 

E 4 * cepted 

72 *f he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 43 Car. I. cepted of? he thereto anfwered, That certainly 

v l6 * 7 ' t * it would be much oppofed, but yet he was con- 

j u j ' fident that he and his Party (meaning fome of the 

' Members above-named, and others) fhould carry 

* it, anJ wifhed the King to put it upon that Trial. 

* And the faid Mr. Holies was defiled by the Earl 

* of Lindfey,\\\e, Earl of Southampton^^ Lord Saville y 

* or one cf them, that he would be pleafed to draw 

* fuch an Anfwer in Writing to the faid Propofi- 

* tiom, as he dcfired the King fhould fend ; and 

* the faid Earl of Southampton, who was that Night 

* to lie in the King's Bed-Chamber, would per- 

* fuade the King to condefcend unto it ; and there- 

* upon he withdrew, and, either the fame Day or 

* the next, accordingly carried unto the faid Lords, 

* or one of them, a Paper ready written ; which, 

* as he faid, was fuch an Anfwer to the faid Pro- 

* portions as he had drawn for the King to fend 
' to the Parliament ; which was taken by the faid 

* Lords, 'or one of them, and carried to the King 

* to be confidered of; and-fo much thereof as ad- 

* vifed the King's Coming to London was laid by, 

* the King fearing to adventure himfelf, but the 

* reft of the faid Paper the Lord Digby (who wrote 

* the King's Anfwer to the Proportions) made ufe 

* of in the fame Words, as Mr. Holies had fet 
' down ; who, to ingratiate hfmfelf with the King's 

* Party, did, about the fame Time, revile the 
' well-affected Members of the Houfe of Com- 
4 mons, declaring unto the King's Party at Oxford, 
' or fome of them, that thofe well -affected Mem- 

* bers (which, to render them the more odious as 

* he conceived, he named the violent Independent 
' Party) had ill Intentions, and great Averfnefs to 

* Peace ; and that nothing would be more pleafing 
f to them than for the King to refufe the Propofi- 

* tions, how unreafonable (oever the fame were : 

* And he alfo then faid, That the Commiflioners 
' of Scotland were very weary of that violent Party ; 

* and that they, being defperate to eftablifh their 

* Prcfbvtery here as in Scotland, made their Ad- 

* drelTes 


' dreffes to him and his Party. All which tended An > 2 3 c. i. 

* to the protra&ing of the faid late War, and to 

* the Hinderance of a happy Peace. 

' And the faid Mr. Holies did alfo, after that, 

* receive from the Earl of Lindfey at Oxford, a Let- 

* ter written in white Ink, concerning fome fecret 
' Defign ; and kept it from the Knowledge of the 
' Houle from February till about July after, when 
' k was difcovered by him that brought it ; but the 
' Letter itfelf was by Mr. Holies, after he had read 
' it, burnt ; and the Earl of Linfey moved the King 

* for a Pals for Mr. Holies to go to Oxford; but the 
' King refufed to grant it, faying, That Holies did 
' him better Service in the Parliament than he could 
' do him at Oxford. 

II. That the faid Mr. Holies and Sir Philip 
' Stapylton, during the faid late Wars, when the 
c Earl of Lindfey went from the Tower of London 

* to Oxford, fent feveral Meflafjes of Intelligence 

* to the Earl of Dorfet and Lord Digby ; thereby 

* afluring them, that they did better Service for 

* the King here in Parliament than they could do 

* him if they were at Oxford; and Sir Philip Sta- 
' pylton defired that the Earl of Dorfet would pre- 
' ferve him and his Friends in the good Opinion of 

* his Party at Oxford, which was then the King's 
' Garrifon, and he would do as much for his 
' Lordfhip and his Frinds here with the Parlia- 

* ment. 

' And the faid Mr. "HoUes and Sir Philip Stapyl- 

* ton, the more to ingratiate themfelves into the 

* Favour of the Enemy, did, of their own Accord, 
' without any Direction of the Parliament, draw 
' up other Propohrions than thofe mentioned hi 

* the preceding Articles, which they affirmed were, 
' in their Judgments, fit for the King to grant, and 

* for the Parliament to ciefire ; and being fo drawn 
4 up, fent them privately to his Majefty, without 

* any Authority of Parliament to warrant the 
4 fame. 

III. That the faid Mr. Holies, Sir Philip Sta- 

* pylton, Sir William Lewis, Sir John Clotworthv, 


74 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 27 Car. I. (. SJ r ffTtlliam Waller, Sir John Maynard, Major- 

. ' f ^'_. c General M.ijjlc, Mr. Glynne, Mr. Long, Col. </- 

July. * ward Harley, and Anthony Nicboll, in March, 

* April, May, and JHW laft, and at other Times, 

* in profecution of the eyil Defigns in the fever- 

* al general Heads mentioned, have frequently 

* aflernblcd and met together at the Lady Car life's 

* Lodgings in Whitehall, and in other places, with 
' divers other Perfons difafFe&ed to the State, ( with- 
4 out any Authority of Parliament) for holding 

* Correfpondency with the Queen of England now 
? in France, and her Participants ; with an Intent, 
' by fuch fecret and clandeftine Treaties amongft 

* themfelves, to put Conditions upon the Parlia- 
' ment, and to bring in the King upon their own 

* Terms ; and having a great Power upon the Trea- 
' fure of this Kingdom, have therewith maintained 

* and encouraged, by Penfions and otherwife, the 
' Queen's Party in France, thereby to beget a 

* fecond and more bloody War in this Kingdom : 

* And they, or fome, or one of them, afTur'd the 

* Queen of 40,000 /. per Annum, if fhe would aflift 

* them in their Defign ; and that they would do 
more for the King than the Army would do ; and 
that they would find out fome Means to deftroy the 

< Army and their Friends. 

IV. That in further Purfuance of the fame 
evil Defigns, the faid Mr. Holies, Sir Ph'nip Sta~ 

* pylton, Sir IVilUam Lewis, Sir "John Clotworthy, Sir 
William Waller, and Major-General Majjie, by the 

* Combination aforefaid, within three Months laft 
' paft, without any Authority of Parliament, invited 

* the Scots and other foreign Forces to come into 

* this Kingdom in a hoftile Manner, to abet and 

* aflift them in the profecuting and effecting of their 

* faid Defigns. 

And the faid Mr. Wolks very lately fent to the 
' faid Queen of England, then and ftill in France, 

* advifing her, amongft other Things, fpeedily to 

* fend the Prince into Scotland, to march into this 

* kingdom at the Head of an Army 3 and did fend 

f a fpeciaj 


of ENGLAND. 75 

* a fpec'ul Meflenger to her for fuch Ends and Pur- An. >>. Car. i. 
4 pofes. 

4 And ,the faid Mr. Holies, Sir Philip Stapyhon, 

* Sir miliam Leivis, Sir John Clotworthy, Sir Wii- 
^ ll<nn Waller , Sir ^Aw Maynar'd t Mr. Glynne, Ma- 

* jor-General Alaffie, Mr. Z0/7, Col. Edward 
4 tiarlcy, and Antbwy Nicholl, have under-hand, 

* of their own Accord, without Authority of Par- 

* liament, lifted, or caufed or procured to be lifted, 

* divers Commanders and Soldiers, endeavouring 

* thereby to levy and mile a new War in this King- 

* dom, to protect themfelves in their unjuft Oppref- 
4 fions and factious defigns j and have, at feveral 

* Times within two Months laft paft, invited, en- 

* couraged, abetted, and counfelled Multitudes of 
' Reformado Officers and Soldiers, and other rude 

* Perfons, tumultuoufly and violently to gather to- 

* gether at JPeJlmin/ler y to affright and affaujt the 
1 Members of Parliament in their Paffage to and 
.? from the Houfe ; to ofFer Violence to the Houfe 
4 itfelf, by locking the Door thereof upon them, 

* and fo imprifpning them ; and, by fuch Violen- 

* ces, Outrages, and Threats, to awe and inforcc 

* the Parliament. 

V. That the faid Mr. Holies, Sir Philip Sta~ 

* pylton, and MK Gjynne, 'have been, and are, Ob- 
'. ftruclers and Prejudgers of feveral Petitions to 

* the Parliament for Redrefs of public Grievances. 
' And the faid Mr. Holies and Sir Philip Stapylton t 
' in May laft paft, did abufe and affront divers Pe- 
' titioners, who, in a peaceable Manner, then 
' attended the Committee, whereof Col. Lee was 
' Chairman ; not only reviling and reproaching 

* them, but violently haling and boifteroufly af- 

* faulting them, and offered to draw their Swords 

* upon Major Tuleday and others of the faid Peti- 
' tioners j and, without any Power or Authority, 

* committed Nicholas Teiv, one qf the faid Peti- 

* tioners ; and, foon afterwards, by the Procure- 
' ment of Mr. Holies and Sir Philip Stapylton, and 
4 upon their Mifmformation to the Houfe, the faid 
< Major Tukday and Nicholas Tew were imprifon- 

j6 tte Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3 Car. I. e d, not being permitted to fpeak for themfelves. 

i ' 647 ' , * And Mr. Giynne, about three Months fmce. caufed 

~~ ~ju ' the faid Nicholas Tew to be imprifoned in Newgate, 

* and to be detained a long Time there, for no 
4 other Caufe but for having a Petition about him 

* which was to be prefented to the Houfe. 

VI. That the faid Sir John Clot-worthy, Sir Wil- 

* Ham Waller, and Major-General Maffie, have 

* lately, in profecution of the faid Dcfigns, in the 

* faid general Heads mentioned, (againft the known 

* Laws of this Realm, and Rules and Articles of War 

* made by the Parliament) by an arbitrary Power 

* imprifoned fome Members of the Army without 

* any Authority j particularly Enfign Nichols, whofe 
c Pockets they, without Authority, caufed to be 

* fearched, and feveral Papers to be taken from him, 

* contrary to the Liberty of every Subject ; and cau- 

* fed him to be fent a Prifoner from the Head-Quar- 

* ters to London, without the Authority or Privity 

* of the General, or the chief Officers of the Army 
' commanding in his Abfence. 

VII. * That in or about March laft, there be- 
c ing a Petition intern' cd from the Officers and Sol- 
' diers of the Army to their General, for fuch 

* Things only as were juftly due unto them, and 

* concerning them meerly as Soldiers, the faid 
Sir William Waller, Sir John Clotivoriby, and 

* Col. Edward Harley, a Member of -the Army, 

* having gotten into their Hands a Copy of the faid 

* Petition, by Combination with the other Mem- 

* bers above mentioned, and with an Intent to 

* abufe the Parliament into Prejudices and Jea- 

* loufies ?gamft the Proceedings of the Army con- 

* cerning the faid Petition, (they well knowing 
c that the faid Army flood in their Way, and hin- 
' dered them from bringing to pafs the Defigns in 
s the faid general Charge expreffed) did untruly 

* and Malicioufly inform the Houfe, that the faid 

* Petition was contrived and promoted to debauch 

* and difoblige the Army, from the Parliament ; and 

* that it was managed and carried on by divers 
' principal Officers in the Army j that Orders were 

' given 


* given out for reading of it in the Head of every An. * 3 car. I. 

* Regiment, and whofoever would not fubfcribe it .. j6 * 7 ' _ M 
' fhould be put out of the Mufters, and caftviered j ul 

* the Army; and, by thofe and other Aggravations, 

* did represent it to the Houfe as a Defign againft the 

* Parliament: Further adding, That fome Regi- 
' ments, which were remote, were fent for to join 

* with the reft of the Army for that Purpofe, by 
' which Mifmformation they did, the fame Day, 
' procure a peremptory Order to the General to fup- 
prefs the faid Petition. 

VIII. ' That fome few Days after, Col. Ed r 

* ward Harley^ by the Combination aforefaid, antj 

* in purfuance of the fame Defigns, did produce to 
' the Houfe a Letter, fuppofed to be written from; 

* within the Quarters of the Army to him, by 9. 

* Perfon not named ; whereby it was informed, 
That Colonel Barley's Lieutenant-Colonel hac| 
' drawn his Regiment to a rendezvous, and ha4 
< caufed the faid Petition to be read at the Head of 

* it ; and that he threatened to cafhier and put out 

* of the Mufters all that would not fubfcribe it ; 

* and that the Defign of the Army therein was to 

* enflave the Parliament and Kingdom, if the Par- 

* Hament proceeded not to fome high Refolutions, 

* or to that Effect, as by the faid Letter, Relatiogi 

* being thereunto had, may appear. And although 
' the Subftance of the faid Letter was moft untrue, 

* and no Author thereof appeared nor could bp 

* produced, although a Committee was appointed 
for Examination thereof, and it was much preflej 
the Author fhould be difcovered ; yet the faid 

* Col. Harlty, Sir John Clotzvorthy, and Sir #77- 

* Ham Waller did fo avow the Reality of the faid 
' Letter, and that the Contents thereof would be 
made good, as that thereby, and by other falfe 

< Suggestions of theirs againft the Army, they pro- 

< cured the Houfe (upon long Debate, which held 
4 till about Eight at Night) to order, That a Com- 
* mittee of five Members, whereof the faid Mr. 
Holies was one, ihoulcl prepare a Declaration to be 
brought into the Houfe the next Morning, figni- 

4 ' fying 

7 8 The .Parliamentary HISTORY 

Car. I. ' fying the Houfe's Diflike of the Proceedings of* 
' the Army upon that Petition, as by the faid Or- 
' der, dated the 30th Day. of March laft, may ap~ 
'pear; upon which fettling of the faid Bufinefs 
' for that Night, moft of the Members departed, 
4 as conceiving nothing would be done thereupon 

* till the next Day, and that then they might have 

* a free Debate concerning the fame ; but the 

* Houfe ftill continuing to fit upon Difpatch of fome 

* Letters formerly ordered, the faid Mr. Holies^ by 

* the fame Combination, and in farther Profecu- 

* tion of the faid evil Defigns, having of himfelf, 
' without the Committee, prepared a Declaration 

* againft the Petition itfelf, contrary to the Inten- 
' tion and Direction of the faid Order, and con- 

* trary to the Rules of Juftice and ufual Courfe of 

* Parliament, did, the fame Night, about Ten of 

* the Clock, on purpofe to furprize the Houfe, pre- 

* fent the fame Declaration to the Houfe, whereby 
c the faid Petitioners were, without befng heard, dt- 

* clared Enemies to the State, and Obftructers of 
the Relief of Ireland^ if they ftill perfifted there- 

* in, as by the fame Declaration, whereto Relation 

* being had, may appear ; and did proeure it to be 
then patted accordingly, to the great Dishonour 
c of the Parliament and their Proceedings ; to the 
infufferable Injury, the juft Provocation, Difcou- 

* ragement, and Difcontent of the Army ; to the 
4 Trouble and Danger of the whole Kingdom ; to 

* the hindering of the Relief of Ireland^ and other 

* the evil Confluences in the faid general Charge 

* exprefled. 

IX. That, by the fame and the like falfe In- 
formations and Suggeftions, the faid Col. Harley, 

* then a Member of the Army, Sir John Clot* 

* worthey, Sir William Waller^ and the faid other 
c Perfons, did, fhortly after the faid Declaration 
< fo made as aforefaid, procure divers eminent and 
faithful Officers of the Army, namely Lieut, 

* Gen. Hammond^ Col. Hammond^ Col. Lilburne, 
Lieut. Col. Pride ^ and others, to be fent for from 
e their Charges in the Army, to appear at the Bar 


of E N G L A N D. 7 <j 

* "of the Houfe, to make Anfwer in relation to the Am 23 Car, I* 

* faid Petition ; againft whom when they came L l6 * 7 ' 
' thither, they could charge or prove nothing all ; i 

* fomuch as the Houfe thought fit immediately 

* discharge them. 

* And whereas there was a Committee appoint- 
' ed to examine and confider of the Truth or 

* Falfliood of them, and the faid Members inform- 

* ing were appointed to produce their Proofs and 
' Evidence to the fame before the Committee ; 

* though they have fmce then been often urged, 

* called upon^ and demanded to produce their 

* Proofs aild Evidence thereto, if they had anyj 
' and have been plainly told. That if they did not 

* proceed effectually to do it, they fliould be ac*- 
' counted the Authors and Devifers of the faid 

* Falfliood, and Reparation would accordingly be 
' demanded againft them ; yet they have not to this 

* Day produced any Proofs or Evidence to any of 

* the faid Informations or Suggeftions, .whereby 

* the Parliament and the Army were fo much 
' abiifed afc before is declared j. nor could they, or 

* any of them, be hitherto perfuaded to give into 
' the faid Committee any Charge againft the faid 

* Officers of the Army, which they had then or 

* fince procured to be fent for as aforefaid ; but have 
held divers of them in a long and chargeable At- 

* tendance Upon the Houfe, without any Thing laid 
' to their Charge, untill the Houfe was pleafed to 

* difcharge them. 

X. That the faid Mr. Holies, Sir Philip Sta- 

* pylton, Sir William Lewis, Sir William Waller* 
' Sir John Clotworthy, and Major General MaJJis 9 
' in further Purfuance of the Defigns mentioned in 
' the general Heads charged againft them, have 
been great Inftruments in the obftru&ing the Re- 
' lief of Ireland ; and, within two Months laft paft, 
' did untruly inform the Houfe, That, by their 

* Procurement, there were fifty Companies of 
c Foot and ten Troops of Horfe of this Army en- 

* gaged for Ireland, upon the Terms and under 


So *rhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

AD. 23 Car. I. < the Conduct then by the Parliament propound- 

* ed j and, the more to delude the Parliament 
therein, they, or fome of them, by the Combi- 

* nation aforefaid, did procure divers Officers then 

* in this Army, namely Col. Butler, Lieut. Coli 
' Jackfon, Major Gooday, and others, to let the faid 

* Members give in the faid Officers Names, as lift* 
' ing themfelves for Ireland on the faid Terms and 

* Conduct propounded ; when as thofe Officers did 

* at the fame Time declare themfelves unwilling 
c thereunto, and refolved not to go to ferve in Ire- 
' land on any Terms whatfoevef, tho' they the faid 

* Members under-hand allured them, That though 

* they made ufe of their Names, yet they fhould not 
' go for the Service. 

* They havelikewife untruly informed theHoufe* 
' and given in the Names of many confiderable Of- 

* ficers of this Army, namely Capt. Pennyfatber 

* and Capt. BurgesofCol. Butler's Regiment, Capt* 

* Clarke, and four or more Commiffion-Officers of 

* Sir Hardrefs Waller's Regiment, and others, as 

* having been fubfcribed for Ireland, who did not fo 

* engage or fubfcribe, nor give any Confent there- 

* unto ; but did then, and have ever fince utterly 

* difavowed and denied the fame. 

* And about the fame Time they alfo reported 
c to the Houfe the Name and Offer of Lieut. Col, 

* Farringtori) as being their Lieutenant-Colonel of 

* this Army, and engaging for himfelf and his Re- 

* giment for Ireland j whereas the faid Farrington 

* had been cafhiered the Army a Year and an ha/f 

* before. By which, and other their untrue Infor- 

* mations and Reports of that Nature, the Parlia- 
' ment was abufed and mifled into a Conceit and 

* Confidence of a Strength out of the Army, then 

* fuppofed to be engaged and ready for Ireland on 
c their own Terms, when as, in Truth, the fame 
was but a meer Delufion, and which was fo con- 

* trived on purpofe to occafion a flighting and ne- 

* gle&ing of the Army, as fuppofing no further Ufe 

* for them. 

XL * Where- 

*/* ENGLAND. 81 

XI. ' Whereas Part of three Regiments of An. 23 Car. I. 

* Foot, viz. Col. Herbert's, Col. Kemp's, and > 
4 Col. Graye's, were, by Order of the Houfe, ad- 

* vanced towards the Rt lief of Ireland as far as 
4 Bromefgrove, in the Cc unty of Wcrcefter ; the 

* faid Sir Philip Stapylto.- i, Mr. Holies, Sir >& 
' Clotwortty, Sir William L,eivis, Major Gen. Maf- 
^ fie, Sir *P?&w Waller i sjid Mr. Gty^, by Com- 

* bination aforefaid, did, of their own Accord, 
' without the Knowledge or Direction of the Houfe, 

* on the 6th of June laft, (being Sabbath-Day, 
' and without fummonin 5 a Committee) command 
; thofe Forces back agai.n as far as Reading, with 
" an evil Intent to draw forces together to beget a 

* new War in England. 

XII. * That the faM Sir John Cloiworthy, in 

* Profecution of the D.;figns in the faid general 

* Charge exprefTed, hath, in the Years 1642, 1643, 
; 164.4, and fince, converted feveral great Sums 

* of Money (which, by feveral Orders of Parlia- 

* ment, and of the 7/v/fe Committee, were defigned 

* for the Relief of Ireland) to his own particular 
4 Ufe; namely, the Sum of 280 /. which, by Or- 

* der of both Houfes, datnl the nth of February, 
' 1642, was to be paifJ for twenty Butts of Sack 

* for Ireland; 700 /. v/liich the fame Day was alfo 
' ordered for 2000 Swords ; 300 /. which, by Or- 

* der of the faid Ir'ijb Committee, dated the 5th of 

* April 1643, was defigned for 120 Pair of Piftols ; 

* and divers other Sums of Money, upon feveral 

* Orders, which he, from Time to Time, received 

* for the Ufe and Relief of Ireland ; but were not 
4 employed to the Ufes by the faid Orders intended 

* and directed, but to his o\vn private Ufe as afore- 
1 faid : And that he hath, within two Years laft 

* paft, received feveral Sums of Money, Arms, 
' and other Provifions for a Troop of Horfe, which 

* he pretended he had raifed in Ireland; whereas 

* he had not, nor did raife or furnifh any fuch 

* Troop as he pretended. And that he, for Mo- 

* ney and other Rewards, hath preferred Jchn 
" Davis, tPilliam Summers, and others, to be in- 

VOL. XVI, F <trufted 

82 *fbe Parliament f ary HISTORY 

An. 2 3 Car. I. trufted with the Irijb Affairs, who have kept 

l6 47- < Correfpondcncy with the Enemy, and have de- 

Tj * frauded the State of o ther great Sums of Money ; 

4 and he hath been priv f to, and a Sharer in, fuch 

* their Actions. 

XIII. ' That, about November laft paft, the 
4 faid Sir John Clotwo; 'thy being, by the Parlia- 

* ment, fent a Commi flioner, with others, into 

* Ireland, who all had a joint Power and Authority 
' to treat with the Earl t >f Ormond for the Space of 
4 four Days, jand no in ore ; he, contrary to the 
4 fpecial Truft rcpofed in him, held fecret Intelli- 

* gence with the faid Ea rl of Ormond, by Cypher, 

* or Character, without the Confent or Knowledge 

* of thofe others in Conimiflion with him, many 
4 Weeks after the Time fo limited was expired ; 
4 and about the fame Ti me he hrld the like fecret 

* Intelligence with the Lord George Digh, then 
1 in Ireland, beyond the Time prefixed, and with-- 
4 out the Confent of the faid other Commiflioners ; 
' and, in order thereun':o, the Lords Ormond and 

* Dlgby lately employed one Siing/ly, who pretends 
4 a Defign about the Prince, to come into this 
4 Kingdom. 

XIV. ' That the faid Sir John Clotworthy, Mr. 

* Holies, and Sir PhiJip Stapylton, by Combina- 
4 tion with the reft of the Members before-named, 

* in further Profecution of the Defigns mentioned 

* in the fame, well Knowing that the Lord Life* 
4 late Prefident of Ireland, was both faithful and 
4 vigilant while he was trufted in the fame King- 
' dom, and had now this laft Spring made Provi- 

* flons ready to march into the Field ; and that the 
4 Lord Baron of Brogbill, General of the Parlia- 
c ment's Horfe in Munfter^ and Col. Sir Arthur 

* Loft us, Perfons of Honour and Reputation, and 

* of great Fortunes in the laid Kingdom, lately 
4 came purpofely into this Kingdom to exhibit, 
and did exhibit, many Articles of High Treafon 
' againft the Lord Inchequin, for betraying the Par- 

* liament's Army to the Enemy, as' formerly he 
4 had done j yet, by the great Power and violent 

4 In- 

of ENGLAND. 8. 

* Interpolation of the faid Sir "John. Clotwortky^ Mr. An. a^ Car. ! 
' Holies j and Sir Philip Stapylton, by the Pradiee t l6 *7- 

' and Combination aforefoid, the faid Articles have ""tT 

* been obftrucled, and the Bufincfs not fufFered to 

* come to a Hearing, and the faid Lord Lijte ha- 

* ftily called out of Ireland, and the Power and 

* Command of the Parliament's Forces in that 

* Kingdom committed to the faid Lord of Incbe- 
' quiri^ to the Lofs of this Summer's Service, and 

* the Expence of much Treafure to make new Pre- 

* parations of War. And whereas the faid Lord 
' Lijle^ being fo fuddenly called from thence as 
' aforefaid, did defign and depute Sir Hardrefs 
' Waller^ Knight, Major-General of the Forces 

* there, a Man of known Integrity and Courage 

* both for his Service in England and in Ireland, 

* and of confiderable Fortune there, to take Care 
4 of the faid Lord Life's Forces till the Pleafure 

* of the Parliament might be further known, the 

* faid Lord Incbequin^ upon the Receipt of a Letter 

* from the faid Sir John Clotwortfy, Mr. Holies > 
' and Sir Philip Stapylton, or one of them, or from 

* fome other Perfon by their, or one of their, Di- 

* region, Privity, or Procurement, did exprefs that 
' he had an Order or Direction from Lcr.dsn that 

* no Man that favoured the Independents (under 

* which Name the faid Lord of Incbequin hath com- 
' prehended all Men that have fliewcd themfelves 

* oppofite to Tyranny and arbitrary Government) 

* fhould have any Truft or Command there j nay, 

* though they were of another Judgment, yet if 

* they would not profecute the Independents, they 

* fhould not be employed there, or Words to that 

* Effect j and, under Colour thereof, the faid Sir 

* Hardrefs Waller, and all others that formerly 

* had held their CommiiTions from the faid Lord 

* Life while he commanded, were difplaced, to the 
4 Difcouragement of thofe and orher faithful Perfons 

* to the Parliament, and to the great DifTervice anJ 

* Danger of lofmg that Kingdom. 

XV. * That whereas a Committee of the Houfc 

* of Commons hath been lately appointed bv the* 

F 2 ' Par- 

84 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Car.i. c parliament, to confider of Propofitions for the 
4 fettling and Prefervation of Wales, whereof the 
4 fcid Sir William Lewis and Mr. Gfynne were and 
4 are Members, and to report the fame to the Houfe j 

* they, the fa id Sir Jf'iHiam Lewis and Mr. Glynne^ 

* with others of the faid Committee, did, on the 
4 3<Dth of April now laft paft, without any Au- 

* thority of Parliament, before any Report made 

* to the Houfe, of their own Accord (inflead of 

* fettling , and preferring Wales) order that all 
4 Committees for Sequeftration fhould forbear all 
4 Proceedinzs of Sequeftration againft all, or any, 
4 of the Inhabitants of Wales ; and although fome 

* few Perfons were upon general Heads excepted, 

* yet, by Virtue of that illegal Order, all the Com- 

* miflioners of the Peace and Commiffioners of 

* AfTociations, who were as aive in raifing Mo- 

* ney and prefiing Men to ferve againft the Par- 

* liament as any others j all the Commiffioners of 

* Array, that did or fhould at any Time come in 

* and fubmit to the Parliament, or their Com- 

* manders in Chief, without any Limitation of 

* Time; all that had borne Arms againft theParlia- 
4 ment, unlefs they were Governors, and other Of- 
4 ficers of War, that held out fome Town, Caftle, 

* or Fort againft the Parliament ; all difaffcctcd 
4 and fcandalous Minifters, though in their Sermons 
4 they ufually reviled and fcandalized the Parlia- 
4 ment and their Proceedings, calling them Rebels 
4 and Traitors, and not only incenfing the People 
* againft the Parliament, but ufually taking up 
4 Arms, and leading their Parimioners in Arms up- 
' on any Alarm againft the Parliament ; and many 
' other defperate Delinquents have been, and ftill 
4 are, taken off and freed from Sequeftration ; and 
4 the faid Order was fent to every Committee in 
' Wales^ in feveral Letters, contrary to feveral Or- 
4 dsrs and Ordinances of Parliament, and contrary 
4 to the Rules of Juftice and Equitv, which fhould 
4 impartially be adminifricd as well in Wales as in 

* other Places of this Kingdom -, whereby the ill- 

* affected Gentry and Miniflry of that Country are 


of E N G L A N D. 

* grown fo high and infolent, that honeft Men dare An. 

* fcarce lire amongft them ; fo as that which was 

* intended by the Parliament, to fettle and pre- 
< ferve Wales, is, by the Praaice of the faid Sir 
' William Lewis and Mr. Glynne, perverted to the 
c Danger and DeftruHon of it. 

XVI. ' That the faid Sir William Lewis and Mr., 
4 Glynne have further ingratiated themfelves with 
4 the Delinquents of Wales, and prepared them for 

* their faid Defigns in Manner following, viz. He 
' the faid Sir William Lewis hath, within two 
c Yeqrs laft pair, countenanced and protected many 

* of the moft notorious and dangerous Delinquents 

* within the feveral Counties of South- Wales ; 

* namely, the Lord Carbery, and others in Caer- 

* marthenjhire ; Mr. Carew, and others in Glamor- 
4 ganjhlre ; Mr. Morgan, late Knight of the Shire, 
' Mr. John Herbert, and others in Brccknockjhire ; 
4 Mr. Gwyn, Mr. Lewis, and divers others in Rod- 
4 nor/hire ; by freeipg fome of them altogether from 

* Compofitions, tho' fequeftred ; by labouring with 
4 divers Members of the Hotife and of Committees 
4 to be favourable in compounding with others, 

* and to admit of fuch to their Compofitions as 

* were uncapable thereof; and he hath animated 

* and encouraged fome of the faid Perfons to con- 
' tinue their Fidelity to the King's Caufe, promi- 
1 fmg them, that if they would engage their P'riends 
1 with the King for him, he and his would be their 

* Friends in the Parliament ; in fo much as his 
' Friends, the Delinquents in thofe Parts, have 

* lately looked upon him as a rifing Man when the 
4 King (hall come to London j which hath lately 
' been their conftant Boafting. 

' And the faid Sir William Lewis hath, within 

* two Years laft part, caufed divers that had been 
' Commiflioners for the King, and preffed Men, 
4 and raifed Money to promote the late War againft 
4 the Parliament : namely, his Brother, Mr.T/wmas 

* Lewis, Mr. Gwyn, Mr. Charles Walwyn, Mr. 
' Meredith Lewis, Mr. Edward Williams, and 

F 3 ' many 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

t min y other:;, to be Commiffioners of the Peace, 
' anc! u ^ Committee-Men for the fa id County of 
' Brecknock ; infomuch as thofe that have beer; 

* molt active and faithful to the Parliament, have 

* been, and fl ill are, out- voted in thofe Places, and 
can do no cohfiderabie Service for the Parliament , 
4 ?.nd the rathtr for that he hath alfo procured one 

* Ed-ward Williams ^ hb own Kjufeian, and one 

* much difafvccied to the Parliament, to be Soii- 

* citor of Sequcftraiions in the faid County, who 

* is, and hath been, very remifs and corrupt there-. 

''Ami the faid Sir William Lewis hath, by the 
6 'Means afore faid, lately procured Mr. Ed-ward 

* LC-MS* his Son, though unfit fpr that Em ploy - 

* mcnt, to be chcfen and returned Burgefs for 

* Brecknock ; which that he might the better ef- 

* feet, he kept the Writ fpr Election of the faid 
1 Bargefs above eight Months in his own Cuftody 
6 before it was delivered to the Sheriff of the. faid 
4 County, 

< And likewife that the faid Mr. %$* Glynne, 

* within two Years laft paft, hath procured feveral 

* Perfons, that have lately been Commiffioners of 

* Array, and in Arms againft the Parliament in 
4 North Walss^ to be named in the Commifiions 

* of 'the Peace for the Counties of Dmbigh and 
Caernarvon^ and other Counties there, and to be 
1 put in other great Places of Truft and Command 
4 there; and, amongft others, Colonel Glynne, his 

* Brother, who was lately a Colonel in the King's 

* Army, is, by his Procurement, become Governor 
< of the'Towa and Caftle of Caernarvon, and Ad- 

* miral or Vice- Admiral of the Irifh Seas; to the 

* endangering of thofe Counties lying upon the 
Coafts towr.rds Ireland, and to the Fear and Dif- 
' cDufagemcnt of the well -affected Inhabitants of 
''thofe Places. 

XVII. * That the faid Sjr William Lewis, be- 
ing heretofore, during thcfe Troubles, Governor 

* (.f Po-t r rr>ouih> a Garrifon for the Parliament, 

' (ill 

of ENGLAND. 87 

* (in which Time he receive .'d much of the Public An. 13 cur.' r. 
c Trcafure, for which he h ath not yet given an l6 ^- 

4 Account) did, while he was Governor there, j u j~ 

4 frequently hold Correfpcn dence and Intelligence 

4 with the King's Party, a bout the Delivery up 

4 of the faid Garrifon ; into .much as, although Sir 

4 lyilliam Waller^ and dive rs others in that Gar 

* rifon, were proclaimed 1 'raitors to the King, 

< yet he, by the King's i pecial Command, was 

6 fpared ; the King affirming he was his Friend, 

4 and that he was confident he would do him good 

* Service, or to that Effect : And although he then 

* was a Parliament Man, and Governor of Porff- 

* mouth as aforefatd, and * '/as three Years in the 

* King's Quarters, yet his Eftate in the County 
4 of Brecon, being of the Value of above 600 /. 
4 per Annum, was never fequeftred, And fmca 

* the Parliament hath prey ailed. Colonel Herbert 

* Price (having been Governor of Brecknock for 
4 the King againft the Parliament) being feque- 
' ftred, the faid Sir William Lewis, by his Soiici- 
tations to the Committee, procured the perforiat 

* Eftate of the faid Colonel Price (which the Com - 

* raittee of the County had found out, and caufed 

* to be brought to Morgan dubrty'sHouk in Brecon) 
4 to be reftored unto him without any Satisfaction 

* to the State ; and hath caufed the faid Colonel 

* Price's Lands in the faid County of Brecon^ being 

* worth about 300 /. per Annum ^ to be let tq u. 
Friend of the f.iid Colonel Price ^ to his .Wife'* 
' Ufe, at 50 /. per Annum ^ contrary to the Direc- 

* tions of feveral Ordinances of Parliament mad& 
in that Behalf. 

XVIII. ' That the faid Mr. John G/>r.w, or 
4 fome other Perfon or Peribns by his Direction, 

* Confent, or Privity, or to his Ufe, hath, during, 
4 his being a Member of the Houfe of Common*, 
4 taken Rewards of feveral Pcrfons for Service.-: 
4 done them in the Houfc ; as namely, amongft 
4 others, divers Drovers from #Wtt, who, by h'.e 

* Means and Procurement, had an Al!owartc? > by 

F 4 ' OrJ-r 

8.8- T'be Parliament ry HISTORY 

An. ^^, Car. I. Order of the Houfe, f< 3000 /. in Satisfaction of 

t '- l6 ^ 7 '..7 * Lbflcs they had fuftair d by the Enemy, and did 

7^ e< ' pay unto the Wife oi the faid Mr. Glynne the 

6 Sum of zoo/, as a R( vard for his faid Service. 

XIX. * That the fa ! Mr. John Glynne, as he 

* hath been moft active o bring into the Commif- 
' Aons of Peace, and i; o other Places of Autho- 
4 rity, divers notorious", elinquents in North- Wales 
' as aforefald, fo he hai been as ac-tive, as much 
' as in him lies, to put >ut, and keep out, of the 
' Militia and Commor Council of the City of 

* London, and out of th Commiffion of the Peace 
' for Middlefex, many > ninent and faithful Men 
' that have laid out the Eftates, and adventured 

* thrir Lives for the I ^fence of the Parliament 
' and City in the Time f their greateft Necefllty ; 
c namely, Alderman Per, ington, Colonel Tichborne, 

* Mr. Eajlwick, Mr. fa yer, and others, contrary 
e to the Declaration oi both Kingdoms; which 

* hath allured all lawfu Favour and Encourage- 
' ment to thofe that ha^ s been faithful, and fnall 

* fo continue, to the F.irliament; which Doings 

* muft needs tend to tl e giving a frefh Occafion 

* and Power to the Enen .y againft the Parliament's 

* bed .Friends, to the Dishonour of the Parliament, 

* and the Endangering of the Kingdom. 

XX. < That the laid Sir Philip Stapylton, Mr. 
' Holies, and Sir IVilliavi Lewis, have, by their 
4 Power and Countenance, as Members of the 

* Houfe of Commons, both jointly and feverally, 
' ufed Means to obftrudt the Courfe of Juftice, 

* ana have interpofed themfelves in feveral Caufes, 

* and, by Word of Mouth, moved and perfuaded 
' Judges and other Officers on the Behalf of fuch 
' as they conceive to be their Friends 5 amongft 

* others, in the great Caufe that was lately depend-. 

* ing in the Koufe of Lords, between Alderman 

* Langbam and Captain Lymery, when Counfel was 

* met for the pleading thereof, they did repair to 
' the Earl of Rutland about the fame ; and the faid 
*.Sir Philip Stapylton told him, that they were fully 



* fatisfied concerning the Juftnefs of Longhands An. 23 Car. I. 

* Caufe, and therefore, as the faid Earl did refped , l647 ' . 
' them, he (hould give his Vote fof Langbatn, or 

' ufed Words to that Effect ; which alfo was fe- 

* conded by the faid Mr. Holies in Words, and 
' agreed unto by the faid Sir JVilliam Lewis^ as ap- 
' peared by his Prefence and Gefture j and the faid 

* Sir William Lewis did exercife the fame Power in 

* a Caufe of John Gunter and others. 

XXI. ' That the faid Mr. Anthony Nlcholl, al- 

* though, about four Years fince, he was, by the 
' Committee of Privileges, voted not a fit Member 
' to fit in the Houfe, by reafon his Election was 
' void ; yet the faid Mr. Nlcholl doth not only fit 

* and vote there as a Member, but, by his Power 

* and Threats in the Weft Countries, and by his 
c Solicitations and indirect Practices, hath brought 

* in, or procured to be brought in, about 28 Mem- 

* bers more out of Cornwall, on Purpofe to carry 

* on the Defigns and Practices before-mentioned, 
4 and to make a Faction in the faid Houfe ; and, 

* notwithftanding the Self-denying Ordinance, he 

* doth {till hold a Place in the Tower, formerly 
' conferred upon him by the Houfe., and receiveth 

* the Profits thereof to his own Ufe. 

XXII. ' That the faid Mr. Nlcholl hath, fince 

4 hib fitting in the Houfe as afprefaid, taken Re-, 
' wards for Service done there ; namely, whereas 
4 Sir William Uvcdall^ Knight, for deferting the 
4 Parliament, and going to York with the King, 
4 was fufpended the Houfe; he, for the Sum of. 
4 ioo/. or 150 /. paid unto him, or to his Ufe, did, 

* by Misinformations to the Houfe, procure the faid 
' Sir wilUtim Uvedall to be re-admitted a Member. 
' And the faid Mr. Nickcll^ while he was a Member 

* of the Committee for Safety, he and others of 
' the faid Committee having iffued forth a War- 
4 rant for fearching Greenwich Hcvfe^ did 4 under- 
4 hand, acquaint one of the Queen's Officers therc- 

* with ; and thereby prevented the Defign of the 

* faid Committee, to the great DifTervice of the 
' Parliament and Kingdom. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

XXIII. That the faid Mr. Lonr, at the Bc^ 
' ginning of the late Wars, not having Courage 

* fufRcient to perforifc his Duty in Military Affairs, 
' did, out of Covetoufnefs, or other unworthy 

* Ends, procure a Command of a Troop of Horfe 
' under his Excellency the late Lord-General the 
' Earl of Effex ; but whenever his faid Troop 
' came upon any Service, he, out of Fear or 
' Treachery, unworthily abfented himfelf, and 
' never was feen or known to charge the Enemy 

* in Perfon, though his Troop often engaged ; 
' namely, at the Battle of Edge-bill^ when he favv 

* there were like to be Blows, he left the Field, 
c and never charged before his Troop ; and at the 
' Battle or Fight at Brentford, though his Troop 

* were there, yet he (laid at London till the Dan- 
' ger was paft, and Fighting done : And when his 

* Troop was fent into the Weft, he took no other 
fc Notice of it, but to receive his Pay ; and in the 

* mean while he repaired into the County of EJTex^ 

* and procured a Commiflion to be a Colonel of 
4 Horfe, and, inftead of fighting againft the Par- 

* liament's Enemies, he betook himfelf to plunder 

* and opprefs the Parliament's Friends there ; and, 
' contrary to Order, and without any Authority, 

* or Exigencies of War compelling him thereunto, 
' enforced great Sums of Money, and many Hbrfes 

* and other Provilions from the Country ; namely, 

* from Mr. Thomas Mamwod, a Man well afFedl- 
ed, who had the General's Protection, and 

* whofe Horfes were taken from the Plough, and 

* others, to the great Lofies and Oppreflion of 
the People, and to the great Difhonour of the 
' Parliament, whofe Service he neverthelefs ne- 

* gle&ed, and hath not hitherto given an Ac- 

* count of the great Sums of Money and other 
' Things that he fo exacted from the Country as 
c aforefaid. 

XXIV. That the faid Mr. Lox* afterwards, 

* upon Pretence of fome Lotfes i'uftajned by the 

* Enemy, and fome great Service he had done for 

* the State, did pre-:".r* of the Hauf" ? great Of- 

5 ' ficf 

of E N G L A N D. 91 

* fice in the Chancery ; namely, to be tha chief An - 2 3 Ca 

* Regiikr of that Court, wherein his Skill was . ' * 7 ' 
' little, and whereof he was, and ftill is, altogether j u i y> 
' incapable ; ,aiid although for a Time, upon the 

v LScif-uenyittg Ordinance, he was dif placed, yet, 

* upon the Motion, or by the Power and Means 

* of the ud Mr. Holies, he hath obtained the faid 
4 Office again ; to the great Prejudice of fkilful 

* Clerks that have been bred up in the faid Court, 
4 to the Difiervice of the Common-wealth and the 

* Dishonour of the Houfe. 

XXV. The faid Mr. Long, on Purpofe to drive 
1 on the Defigns in the faid feveral Charges expref- 
' fed, hath, for two Years laft paft, ufually pref- 
V fed and urged feveral Members to give theirVotes 

* fuch Ways as he pleafed ; and to that End and 

* Purpofe, doth conftantly place himfelf near the 

* Door of the Houfe ; and, when any Debate is 

* concerning any Defign wherein his Party is en- 
' gaged, he hath ufed fuch Tamperings and Vio- 
' lence to fuch of his own Party as would go out 

* of the Houfe, and hath perfuaded them to con- 

* tinue there for their Votes j and he, in cafe any 
4 fuch have gone out of the Houfe, hath been 

* very inquifitive where they might be found, that 
4 fo he may go for them when the Bufmefs in De- 
4 bate comes near to be put to the Vote $ and, 

* when they come not according to his Expe&a- 
' tion, doth ordinarily and fpeedily run out of the 
4 Houfe himfe-lf to call them and drive them in 

* again, fo that he hath been commonly called (by 

* thofe that are without the Houfe, and have ta- 

* ken Notice of his Actions) the Parliamtnt-Drl' 

* ver ; whereby the freedom of the Members is 

* taken from them, the Manner of the Parliament's 
'Proceedings much fcandalized % and many Times 
' evil and dangerous- DefignS; drove on in a Fa&ion 
c by Votes, to the great Prejudice of the Common- 

* wealth. 

v All which Matters and Things the faid Army 

* will be ready, in convenient Time, to make 
4 good, by Proof upon Oa^h, as this Honourable 

* Houfe 

92 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. 


Hbufe (hall direct. And for that by reafon of 
the Straitnefs of Time, and other more weighty- 
Affairs of the Army, they could not fo fully 
finifh and accomplifh the faid Articles ; therefore 
the faid Army ftill referve further Liberty to add 
other Articles againft the faid Members, or any 
of them, at any Time before their Trial, as Oc- 
cafion fhall ferve.' 

By Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of Jf^ar. 

JO. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

Thus far the Articles of this moft remarkable 
Charge, which we have given at Length becaufe 
omitted by all the Contemporary Writers : For 
the fame Reafon the Anfwer of the Eleven Mem- 
bers to it will appear at larqe under its proper 
Date. Befides the general Motives to this Tranf- 
a&ion of the Army (arifmg from its being at this 
Time guided entirely by Cromwell, and the Inde- 
pendent Party, as the Houfe of Commons, thro* 
the Influence of thefe Members, was by the Prcf- 
bytcrian) there were not wanting private Refcnt- 
ment among Particulars : For 

Lord Clarendon writes (a], ' That Mr. Holies had 
one Day, upon a very hot Debate in the Houfe, and 
fome rude Expreflions which fell from Comfniflary 
Ireton, perfuaded him to walk out of the Houfe 
with him ; and then told him, ' That hefliould pre- 
fently go over the Water and fight with him.' The 
ComrnifTary replying, * His Confcicnce would not 
4 fuffer him to fight a Duel,' Mr. Holies, in Cholcr, 
pull'd him by the Note ; telling him, ' If his-Con- 
* fcience would keep him from giving Men Satif- 
* fadtion, it fliould keep him from provoking them.' 
His Lordftiip adds, This Affront to the third 
Perfon of the Army, and to a Man of trre moft vi- 
rulent, malicious, and revengeful Nature of all the 
Pack, fo incenfed the whole Party, that they were 
refolved;, one Way or other, to be rid of him, 
who had that Power in the Houfe, and that Re- 

(*) Hiflory, Vol. V. p. S S. 


^/ENGLAND. 93 

putatlon abroad, that when he could not abfolute- An. 2,3 Car. I. 
ly controul their Defigns, he did fo obftrucl: them, 
that they could not advance to any Conclufion.' 

This Anecdote of the Noble Hiftorian is, in 
fome Meafure, confirmed by the Authority of the 
Commons Journals ; wherein we find, ' That the 
Houfe having been informed, that fome Matters of 
Difference had happened between Mr. Holies and 
Commiflary Ireton, the Speaker, by Command, 
laid an Injunction upon them not to proceed any 
further thereupon ().' 

An Anonymous Writer of thefe Times (c}> fre- 
quently quoted by Lord Holies in his Memoirs (d}^ 
informs us, * That Cromwell confeffed he had no- 
thing againft Sir John Maynard^ another of the 
impeached Members, but that he was put up a- 
mongft the reft, becaufe he was a bufy Man againft 
riie Lieutenant-General and his Faction.' 

Thus much by way of Digreflion, as to the pri- 
vate Motives to this famous Charge in the Houfe 
of Commons, proceed we now to the Tranfaitions 
of the Houfe of Peers. 

?uly i* A Letter from the Earl of Nottingham 
the Lord JfHjarton was read : 

To the Rt. Hon. the Earl ^"MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe if PEERS pro Tempore. 

Reading July 6, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lord/hip^ 

c ^| \ 7 E have this Day been in continual Ex- Letters from the 
' V V pectation to hear from the Commiifion- p ^|^ n ' s . 
* ers of the Army what it is they have to offer 

(t) Commons Journals, April 2, 1647. j Ar0)y * 

\c ) The Grand Defgn 5 or a Difcovery of that Form of Sin-aery 
intended and in fart brought upon the free People cf England, by 
a powerful Party in the Parliament, and Lieutenant-General Crom- 
well, CommiJ/ary -General Ireton, and others cf that FaSion in the 
Army, tending t the titter Ruin ar.d Enjlaving of the -whale Nation. 
Written by Sirrahniho, r.ct an ia-vefliw hut moderate and impartial, 
Obferver of the Tranfaflietu of Parliament and Army* Pnated tn 
the laft Tear of England's Slavery, 1647, J 

(d) Memoirs, p. 97, and 115. 

c tO 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

to us of Weight, intimated by their Papers Tent 
unto us laft Night. They have been in Con- 
fultation amongft themfelves all this Day, and 
now they inform us by Sir Hardrefi Waller, that 
they find the Matters under their prefent Confi- 
deration of that Difficulty, that they hold it ne- 
ceflary to confult the General and the Council 
of War before they prefent it to be debated on, 
and do intend to come to us again this Night : 
But fearing it may be very late, we thought fit at 
prefent to give you this Account, and reft 

Tour Lore 

Humble and faithful Servant, 


A Letter from the Scots Commiflioners was read, 
relating to the intercepting of their Packets by the 
Army, addrefs'd to the Speaker of the Houfe of 

JForceJIer-Houfe, July 6, 1647. 

Right Honourable, 

* VT7E received your Lordfhip's civil Letter, in 
' ** anfwer to ours of the 28th of June, con- 

* cerning the intercepting of our Letters by fome 

* of Sir Thomas Fairfax's Army, and are very fen- 
' fible of your Lordmip's Care there expreffed to 
4 find out the Perfon, and to prevent the like 

* Abufe for the future ; only, in Obedience to the 

* Direction of the Committee of Eftates of the 
* Kingdom of Scotland, we have this to add to 

* what we formerly reprefcnted in that Particular, 

* that the MefTenger who was intercepted informed 

* their Lordfhips, that thofe who did apprehend 

* him, {hewed him a Warrant under Sir 

* Fairfax's Hand, to ftop and apprehend ail Perfons 
' carrying Letters or Intelligence. 

4 We thank your Lordflaip for the AfTurance you 
' have given us, that you will not be wanting ia 
' any Thing that may tend to the preferving o/ a 

* g'->od 


* good Correfpondency between the Kingdoms ; An - *3 Car - 

* wherein your Lordmip &all always have the Con- 

e currence of July. 

Your Lord/hip's moft bumble Servants, 


After reading thefe Letters the Lords ordered, 
That Sir Thomas Fairfax's Letter [before given at 
p. 43.] be fent inclofed to the Scots Commiffioners ; 
and that the Commiffioners refiding with the Army 
do acquaint the General, That the Houfe expects 
the like may be prevented for the future. 

July 8. Another Letter from the Earl of Not- 
tingham and the Lord Wharton, with fome Papers 
inclofed, were read, directed as ufual to the Earl of 

Reading, July 8, 1647. 

Two in the Morning. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 

THIS Morning Alderman Gibbs, Alderman 
Vyner, and others, fent from the Common 
Council of the City of London to refide in the 
Army, informed us of fomething which they de- 
fired us to reprefent unto the Parliament : The 
Subftance of which Information, together with 
our Anfwer thereunto, we fend you here in- 

* We find that the Proceedings in the Treaty, on. 
the Army's Part, are very flow, which caufed us 
to give in a Paper this Morning to their Com- 
miffioners, tending to quicken them therein, unto 
which we have even now received their Anfwer ; 
which, together with a Copy of our Paper to 
them, we herewith fend you. We reft 

Your Lord/hip's humble Servants, 



96 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. ^Jjg SUBSTANCE of what was delivered^ by Word 
v __ __j of Mouth, to the Commijfioners of the Parliament^ 
July. h ^derman Gibbs, Alderman Vyner, and other s^ 

fent from the Common Council of the City of Lon- 
don, to refide in the Army^ referred to in the fore- 
going Letter. 

Reading July 7, 1647. 

HP H E Y obferved firft, That the Proceedings 

* in the Treaty which we were upon, were 
4 very flow ; and that they perceived the great Ob- 
4 ftruciions therein were, that the Army had not 
^ obtained Security for preventing of a new War ; 

* and particularly, that two Things were preft 
4 upon them by the Officers of the Army in this 

* Bufmefs ; the one, That the fame Concourfe of 

* Officers, Reformadoes, and Soldiers, if not in- 
4 creafed, did ftill continue in the Cities of London 
4 and Weftminftcr. To which all the Anfwer they 
4 could give was, They had thrice follicited the 
4 Parliament, in three Weeks, for their Removal, 
4 before whom it ftill was, and is in a Sphere above 

* them ; and therefore defired us to make Repre- 
4 fcntation thereof to the Parliament. 

* The fecond Particular was, by lifting of Men 
' by the Committee of the Militia for the City of 
4 London ; which laft they conceived was for the 
4 Safety of the City of London^ in relation to the 
4 Danger by that Concourfe of Soldiers before ex- 
4 preffed.' 

The $UESTANCE of cur ANSWER, to be returned by 
the City's Commijjtoners to the ArTny, by Word of 
Mouth, was as follows : 

* 'IT HAT there hath been no Delayer, cu: 
4 * Part; but that fmce the Beginning of the 
4 Treaty we have haftened it all that lay in our 
4 Power, and have carefully obferved the Times 
4 and Places of Meeting : That upon our preffing 
4 the Commiflioners of the Army to a more fpeedy 
4 Difpatch, they have alledged that fo much of 

2 4 their 

of E N G L A N D. 

* their Time hath been taken up about their Charge, 
4 and other intervening Occafions, they could not 
4 give better Attendance, nor make a more fpeedy 

* Progrefs : That we mall make ufe of this Oc- 

* caflon to quicken their Proceedings, and mail give 
1 an Account to the Houfes of what hath pafs'd, 
' herein.' 

The PAPER delivered in by the COMMISSIONERS of 
PARLIAMENT to thofe of the ARMY. 

Reading, July 7, 1647. 

* HI"* HAT finding the Expectation of the Par- 

* JL liament and Kingdom to be very great up- 

* on the fpeedy Progrefs and happy Iflue of this 

* Treaty ; in Confideration thereof we have made 
'' it our Care conftantly to attend at the appointed 

* Times of Meeting, and to prefs all Difpatch there - 

* in : And we cannot but take Notice that the Pro- 
4 ceedings, on your Part, have been and are very 

* flow, and that little or nothing hath been done in 

* the Treaty fmce our Entrance thereupon ; and 

* therefore, in Pifcharge of our Duty and the Truft 

* repofed in us, we do very earneftly defire that the 
' Treaty may be effectually proceeded on with all 
' Expedition, and the Times for Meeting punctually 
4 kept ; there being nothing that {hall be wanting 

* in us, according to the Power given us, to fur- 
4 ther a Work of fo great Importance, and which 
may perfect a right Underftanding betwixt the 

* Parliament and the Army.' 

By the Appointment of the CommiJJioners refiding 
with the Army. GEQRGE pyKEj 

ARMY to the foregoing Paper. 

Reading, July 7, 1647. 

* TQ Y the laft Paper delivered in unto us from 

* JD your Lordihips here, this very Day, we 

* perceive you find that the Expectation of the 

VOL. XVI. G c Par- 

9 8 The ^Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. Parliament and Kingdom is great upon the fpeaf*' 

, . , ' Progrefs ;md happy Iflue of this Treaty. We 

j u]ya * anfwer, That we do really apprehend the fame 
4 Things with you ; neither can we but witnefs that 

* you have conftantly attended the appointed Times 
' of Meeting, and preffed Difpatch therein : Ne- 

* verthelefs, we cannot but be very fenfible that 

* you fecm to reflect upon us farther than there is 
4 juft Caufe, in your taking Notice that the Pro- 
' ceedings herein fhould be flow and dilatory on 

* our Part, as if we mould not feem to defire and 
4 labour the quick and fpeedy Settlement of the 
' Affairs of the Kingdom, in a fafe and well- 

* grounded Peace, as cordially as any Perfons what- 
4 foever. We {hall therefore defire you to remem- 
4 ber with what Forwardnefs we have, in the firft 

* Place, prefented to you thofe Things which we 
4 did in our Hearts conceive neceflary in order to 

* a Treaty ; and without which being granted, we 

* could not, with Safety to the Kingdom and Sa- 
' tisfaction to ourfelves, proceed in Treaty ; and 
' further prefled you to prefent them to the Parlia- 
4 ment with Speed, that a quick Difpatch might 
4 be had therein, as being, in our Thoughts, the 
' chiefeft and fureft Way to prevent the Engaging 

* this Kingdom in a fecond War ; \vhen, contraiy 
' to bur Expectation, we have found little effec- 
' tually done in relation to our Defires in thofe 
'Things moft concerning the Safety and Peace of 

* the Kingdom. 

' To the End therefore we may acquit ourfelves 
4 from being guilty of the Delay you mention, and 
' that it may appear to all Men where the Stick is 
6 of not proceeding in the Treaty to a Settlement 
*.of the Peace of the Kingdom, fo much thirfted 

* after by' us all j we thought fit to remind you of 
' thefe following Propofals, which we have for- 

* merly infrfted upon, and to which Satisfaction ia 
4 not given : 

I. That there is nothing done vulti) Ejffeft^ net- 

* with/landing the VoUi of the Houfe, to the difper~ 

of ENGLAND. 99 

* fmg 'of the Rtformado 'Officers, who ft ill continue In An. 23 Car. I. 

* and about London, reaJy to bead Forces to the ap~ ^ l6 47 

' parent Hazard of a new War. TuT""^ 

II. ( That notwithjlandlng the Fates of the Houfe X 
c for the fpeedy fending into Ireland, or difbanding, 

* thofe Forces -which left the Army \ and their fpecial 
' Order to the Committee at Derby- Houfe, to take 
'-fpecdy Care therein^ yet they' are Jlill continued in 

* Bodies in and about London ; and^ as we hear are 

* daily lifting more Forces^ pretending the Service of 

* Ireland. 

III. That notw'ithjtandtng the Votes of the Houfe of 

* the loth of June, and thofe fence of the 6th of July , 

* for the prefent purging of the Houfe ^ yet divers 
' Perfons^ compr'ifed in thefe Votes ; continue frill ta 
*fit there. 

( So long as we remain unfatisfied In the two firil 
' of thefe Particulars, we cannot be fecured from 

* thofe Doubts we have exprefTed of the Danger of 

* a new War ; efpecially if it be conftdered that 

* the End of inviting fo many Reformado Officers 

* to London^ was to lay a Foundation of a new 
' War, and was principally carried on by the De- 

* fign of feme of thofe Members of the Houfe of 
' Commons we have impeached : And likcwife that 

* divers of the Officers and Soldiers, which left 
' this Army, were procured by Promifes of Pay, 
1 and other Engagements ; which were likewife 
' defigned by the fame Perfons aforementioned, if 

* poffibly they might thereby have broken this 
' Army. 

And for the laft : What comfortable Effect 
may we expect of a Treaty, fo long as the Par- 

* liament (the Supreme Judicatory of the King- 
' dpm) is confKtuted of fome that are Men of In- 

* terefts contrary to the common Good thereof; 

* from whom we can expect nothing but Banding 
' and Defigning, to obftruct and fruftrate all Pro- 

* ceedings contrary to their Jnterefts, tho' never 
c fo eflential to the happy Settlement of the King- 

* dom ? And if a feafonablc Remedy be not given 

G 2 * herein, 

i oo fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a^car. I. < herein, we defpair of any Good to the Kingdom 
^ l6 * 7 ' t * by way of Treaty.' 


By the Appointment of the Comm'jjjioners of the 

Jrmy. w ^ CLERKE> Secretary. 

July 9. The Commons came to the following 
Refolutions, which had been debated in their Houfe 
feveral Days : 

Refolutions of i. That HO Perfon that hath been in actual 
Tha^TpSfons War a g ainft the Parliament, or hath afted by the 
who had adhered Commiffion of Array, or voluntarily aided the King 
to the King, be i n this War againft the Parliament ; or that, fince 

! 1 * 20th of May l642 ' hath fued fot > or volun " 
tarily accepted, a Pardon from the King; or has 

directed, advifed, affifted, figned, orconfented unto 
the Ceffation of Ireland; or otherwife aflifted the 
Rebellion of Ireland; or . as ftand fequeftered by 
Authority of Parliament, for Delinquency, (hall pre- 
fume to fit in this Houfe. 

2. c That the Perfons that fhall be comprehert- 
ded within this Order fhall incur the Penalty of 
being put into the fecond Branch of the fourth Qua- 
lification, in the Propofitions concerning fuch Mem- 
bers as deferted the Parliament, and fat in the un r 
lawful Aflembly at Oxford? 

The fame Day an Ordinance pafled both Houfes 
for all Delinquents and Malignants to depart out of 
the Lines of Communication, and twenty Miles 
diftant, in five Days ; the Earls of Lincoln, Suffolk, 
and Middlefex, with the Lords North, JPilloughby, 
and Hunfdon diflenting. Alfo another Ordinance 
pafled, commanding all Officers and Soldiers to de- 
part from the Cities of London and Wejtminfter^ and 
Parts adjacent. The former Lords, with the Earl 
of Stamford, diffenting. 

A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax, fent to both 
Houfes, was read : The Copy thereof, as publifh- 


of E N G L A N D. 101 

cd by Order of him and his Council of War, runs An. 3 Car. I. 

Mr. Speaker ) Reading^ July 8, 1647. July. 

' I Was fent unto by the King on Friday laft, to A Letter from 

* I defire the Parliament to give way to him to sir ThomasFair- 
fee his Children; and that they might, for that Kingmlffeehi! 
e Purpofe, be fent to him. If I may be bold hum- Children ; and 

c bly to offer my Opinion, I think the Allowance vindicating the 

* c r \. T'u u L i_ i /i TJ Behaviour of th 

' of fuch a 1 hing may be without the leaft rre- Army UW trds 

* judice to the Kingdom, and yet gain more upon him. 

* his Majefty than Denying it ; and if it be the 

* Prayer of every good Man that his Heart may be 

* gained, the Performance of fuch Civilities to him 
K is very fuitable to thofe Defires, and will bear well 
4 with all Men ; who, if they can imagine it to be 

* their own Cafe, cannot but be forry if his Ma- 
'jefty's natural Affection to his Children, in fo 

* fmall a Thing, fhould not be complied with ; 
' and if any Queftion fhould be concerning the 

* Affurance of their Return, I (hall engage for that 

* within what Time the Parliament fhall limit. 

* Upon this Occafion give me Leave, I befeech 

* you, to take Notice of fome Reports fpread abroad, 

* as if myfelf and the Officers of the Army were 

* upon fome under-hand Contrail or Bargain with 
c the King ; and from thence Occafion is taken to 
' flander our Integrities, and endeavour a Mifunder- 
' ftanding betwixt the Parliament and their Army ; 
the Fidelity of which to the Parliament and King- 
' dom, and their Affection to it, are the great Ob- 
jecl: of many Men's Envy, becaufe they fee nothing 
fp likely to fettle Right and Freedom, with Truth 

* and Peace to us and our Pofterity, and to hinder 
c their Defigns againft the fame, as an Harmony 
' and good Accord between the Parliament and 

< Army ; which is the Joy of good Men, and which 

* fhall be our Study to preferve againft all Defigns 

* and Defigners to the contrary. 

* To prevent, therefore, all Mifunderftandings 

< of that Kind, I thought fit, with all Clearness, 

(g) Printed for Laurence Chapman,, July 10, 1647. 

03 'to 

102 7/6^ ParUamehtary HISTORY 

f.n. ZT, Car. I. to declare unto you, That we have done nothing, 

^ 1647. ^ s nor ^ a jj j o an y thing, which we defire to hide 

July. * fr om y ou or ^ c World, or (hull not avow to the 

* Faces of our greateft Adverfarics. 

' Our Defire'j concerning a juft Confideration 
' and Settlement of Ac Mi::g'j Rights, his Majefty 
4 firft .currencc to fettle and fecure 

* the Rights and Liberties of the Kingdoms, we 

* have air.. !</ declared in our Reprefenr 
' tation and Rr:monftrance. Since the firft of thofe 
6 Papers f^nt to' the Parliament, there have been 
4 feveral Ofucers cf the Army, upon feveral Occa- 
' f;on?, fent to his Majefty ; the firft to prefent to 
* him a Copy of the Representation, and after that 

* forne others to tender him a Copy of th' : Remon- 
' ftrance; upon 'both \vhich, the Officer?, feiit were 
' appointed to clear the Senfe and Intention of any 

* thing in either Paper, whereupon his Majefty 
' might make any Quefticr.. Since then there have 
' alfo been fome Officers, at feveral Times, fent 
to his Majefty abbu't his Remove from Haificld - p 

* to difiuade, if poiTible, from Windjor or any Place 
' lo near Lo;:.!M 9 to fome Place of farther Di- 
4 fiance, anfwerable to what we had defired of the 
' Parliament. 

* In. all which Adcrefics to his Majefty we care 
' not who knows what hath been faid or done ; /or 

* as we have nothing tc bargain for or to afk either 
' from his Majefty or the Parliament, for Advan- 

* tage to ourfelves, or any particular Party or In- 
1 tereft of our cv/n ; fo, in all thofe Addreffes to his 

* Mrjcftv, we have utterly difclaimed and difa- 

* vowed any fuch Thing (/;), [or any Overtures or 

* Tksugbts tending that I'/ay ;] but the only Intent 

* r.nd EfFc<a of thofe our Addrefles hath been, to 

* defire [and endeavour] his Majefty's free Concur T 
4 currence with the Parliament, for eftablilhing and 
4 fecuring the common Rights and Liberties, and! 

* fettling the Peace of the Kingdom ; and to 

ft} The Words in Italic^ betwixt Crotchets, srs emitted i|i JUafh- 

4 affurc 

^ENGLAND. 103 

e aflure him, that (the Public being fo provided An. aj Car. I* 

* for, with fuch his Majefty's Concurrence) it is l6 * 7 ' t 

* fully agreeable to our Principles, and ihould be our * ~T^ 
' Defires and Endeavours, that (with and in fuch 

* fettling of the Public) the Rights of his Majefty's 
1 Royal Family mould be alfo provided for, fo as a 
' lafting Peace and Agreement might be fettled in 
' this Nation ; and that, as we had publickly de- 
' clared for the fame in general Terms, fo, if 

* Things come to a Way of Settlement, we fhould 

* not be wanting in our Spheres, to own that general 

* Defire, in any Particulars of natural or civil 
Right of his Majefty's Perfon or Family, which 

* might not prejudice or again indanger the Public.; 
' and, in the mean Time, that his Majefty fhould 

* find all perfonal Civilities and Refpe&s from us, 

* with all reafonable Freedom that might ftand with 
' Safety, and with the Truft or Charge lying upon 

* us concerning his Perfon. 

' You have here the utmoft Sum of what hath 
e palled from us to his Majefty j and we could wifti 

* all Men did rightly underftand, without Mifrepre- 
* fentation, every Particular j wherein (as we know 

* nothing not agreeable to Reafon, Juftice, Honeily, 

* or Confcience, fo) we thought ourfelves concerned 
6 the rather to fay and do as we have towards his 

* Majefty, fmce he came within our Quarters, be- 
' caufe of thofe common Prejudices fuggefted againft 

* us, as if we were utter Enemies to Monarchy, and 

* all civil Order or Government. 

* And for that Particular of the Duke of Rich- 

* mond and the two Chaplains lately permitted to 
' attend his Majefty ; it was not done without 

* much Reluancy, becaufe therein we doubted 

* we might be mifunderftood by the Kingdom's beft 

* Friends y but upon his Majefty's continued Im- 

* portunity for it, as a Thing very nearly concern- 

* ing his prefent inward and outward Content- 

* ment j and conceiving thofe Perfons fuch, as we 
* hoped, would not do ill Offices to prejudice the 
< Peace of the Kingdom, we did give Way to it ; 

* and the Perfons, before they came, had Notice of 

G 4 * th 

1 04 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I, c the Permiffion ; And as we then thought, fo we 

i l6 47 < ftill do think, that to allow him fome fuch Com- 

,j v ^~~ ' pany of Perfons leaft dangerous, whom former 

6 Acquaintance may make him take Pleafure in, 

* and the Allowance of fome fuch Chaplains of his 
' own, are Things both reafonable and juft ; and 

* the Debarring of that Liberty in the latter, we 

* doubt, will but make him more prejudiced againft 
' other Minifters. 

c In general, we humbly conceive that, to avoid 
' all Harflmefs, and afford all kind Ufage to his 

* Majefty's Perfon, in Things confifting with the 
4 Peace and Safety of the Kingdom, is the moft 
' chriftian, honourable, and prudent Way ; and 

* in all Things (as the Reprefentation and Re- 
' monflrance of the Army do exprefs) we think that 

* tender, equitable, and moderate Dealing towards 

* hisMajefty, his Royal Family, and his late Party, 
' fo far as may {land with Safety to the Kingdom, 
' and Security to our common Rights and Liber- 
' ties, is the moft hopeful Courfe to take away the 

* Seeds of War or future Feuds amongft us for 
Pofterity, and to procure a lafting Peace and A- 

* greement in this now diftrafted Nation ; to the 

* effecting and fettling whereof (with a fecure Prq- 

* vifion firft to be made for the common Rights 
' and Liberties of the Kingdom, and a due Care 

* to preferve and propagate the Gofpel of Truth 
' and Peace amongft us) we fhall hope that neither 

* the Parliament nor his Majefty will be wanting : 

* And if God fhall fee it good to make us any 

* way inftrumental thereunto, or that we may 
' otherwife fee the fame accomplished, we fhall 

* then think ourfelves indeed discharged from the 

* public Engagements we have been called ou,t 

* unto, more clearly and effe&ually than (before 

* fuch Things were fettled) we could have thought 

* ourfelves to be ; and, to demonftrate our Clear- 

* nefs from feeking Self Advantages in what we did, 

* we fhall henceforth account it our greateft Hap- 

* pinefs and Honour, if God fee it good, to be 

* difengaged and difmifled, not only from our Mi- 


of E N G L A N D. 105 

* litary Charges, but from all other Matters of Power An. 2, Car. I. 
c or public Employment whatfoever. . ' V' t 

I have in thefe Things fpoke, not in my own July> 

< Name alone, but in the Name (becaufe I find it to 

* be the clear Senfe of the Generality, or at leaft of 

< the moft confiderable Part) of the Army ; and I 
4 am confident you and the Kingdom will never find 

* it otherwife : I fhall leave it to your favourable 

< Conftru&ion-, and commit all to the Goodnefs 

< of God for an happy Iffue. I remain 

Tour mojl bumble Servant, 


July 12. The Houfe of Peers fent a Meflage to 
the Commons, and therewith a Letter from the 
King to the Duke of York, intimating his Maje- 
fty's Defires to fee his Children j which their Lord- 
fhips agreed to and fent to the Commons for their 
Concurrence. His Majefty's Letter was read as 
follows : 

JAMES. Caverfham, July 4, 1647. 

/Am in Hopes that you may be permitted, with your 
Brother and Sifter ; to come to feme Place betwixt 
this and London, -where I may fee you; to this End York, appoi 
therefore I command you to ajk Leave of the two Houfes ing an Inter- 
to make a Journey, if it may be, for a Night or V1CW 
two ; but rather than not to fee you, I will be content 
to come to feme convenient Place to dine, and go back 
at Night : And forefeeing the Fear of your being with- 
in the Power of the Army, as I am, may- be objected 
to hinder this my Dejire, I have full Affurance from 
Sir Thomas Fairfax and their chief Officers, that 
there will be no Interruption or Impediment made by 
them for your Return, hovj and when you pleafe. So 
God blefs you. 

Your loving Father, 


P. S. Send me Word as feon as you can, of the Time 
and Place where I /hall have the Contentment of feeing . 
you, your Brother and Sifter. 


1 06 

An. z-? Car. I. 

Which both 
ou es cer t 

More Letters 

the King, 

T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

The Commons having debated upon this Let- 
* er an d what was propofed by the General in hi* 
laft concerning the fame, it was at length agreed 
upon by both Houfes, that his Highnefs the Duke 
O f York* and the reft of the King's^Children, {hall 
j iave L eave te g O to n j s Majefty ; to continue with 
him two Days, and then return j and the Earl of 
Northumberland to go with them and take Care of 

The fame Day two more Letters were read in the 
Houfe of Lords, addrefTed, as ufual, to the Earl of 
Mancbejler their Speaker. 

And firft, a Letter from the Commifiioners at* 
tending the King. 

My Lord, Caverjhamy July 9, 1647. 

e Q Ince our coming to this Place, Col. Whaky 
' *^ receiving new Orders from the General, we 
' culd not expect any Fruit of our Orders ; yet 

* we have renewed them unto him, requiring that 

* he would remove Dr. Sheldon and Dr. Hammond 
< from the King, together with fuch others as have 
Accefs to his Majefty, contrary to the fifth Ar- 

* tide of our Inftru&ions. His Anfwer is, That 
he hath not as yet received any Direction from 
' his Excellency, whofe Command he muft expect 
before he can yield Obedience to us, for the Rea- 

* fons formerly given to us at Hatfald, which we 
4 related unto you at large in our Letters from 

* thence ; Copies whereof we have inclofed (g) t for 
that Col . IVhaley refers himfelf to what he then 
' faid ; and the State of our Condition having been 

* thereby truly reprefented unto you, it will appear 

* that we are in not a Capacity of giving other Ac- 

* cpunt, but remain 

Tow LordJJjip's humble Servant^ 


(f) Theft Letter! are alit%3j r given at p, 41 jad 43, 


of ENGLAND. 107 

Next a Letter from the Commiflioners refiding An< 2 3 C ar ' 
wich the Anajr. ^ to> 

May it phafe your Lordfoip^ 

< \T Efterdsy we received an Account of what And thofe with 

' I had pa'flcd in the Koufes for fatisfying the the 

' luft Paper from the Army, wherewith we ac- 

' (piafnted the General ; and defired his Excel- 

c iency that, fmce the three Propofals laft fent up 

were fo far fatisfied by the Parliament, the Treaty 

might np\v be proceeded in with Speed and Ef- 

fect, and a Time for meeting of Commiffioners 

on both Parts for that Purpofe forthwith appoint- 

ed. To which his Excellency thus anfwered. 

That he and the Council of War had not been 

wanting in their Thoughts to prepare fomething 

in order to the Speeding, thereof and that he 

hoped, at our next Meeting, we fhould find 

Things in a good Forwardnefs thereunto*.. We 


To ur Lordjrjip* s bumble Servants^ 


't he fame Day aifo the Commons, after long De- 
bate, voted the Impeachment againft the eleven 
Members to be a Charge, ordered them Counfel and 
a Week's Time to bring in their Anfwer. 

July 14. To Ihew that all Sorts and Ranks of A Petition from 
People had now fet their Heads on reforming and and Appre^S 
regulating the State, this Day a Petition was pre- O f London, 
fented to both Houfes, the Title of which runs thus : 
70 the Honourable the Lords and Commons ajjembled in 
Parliament > the humble Petition of thofe well effetted 
to the Government, both young Men and Apprentices 
cf the City of London, fubfcribed by above IO,OOO 

Six of the Petitioners being aflembled at the 
Door of the Houfe of Peers were all immediately 


1 08 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. called up to the Bar, where one of them, in th e 
Name of the Subfcribers, fpake as followeth : 

My Lords, 

1 1 F it may pleafe this Honourable Houfe, we are 
4 commanded, by the young Men and Appren- 
' tices of the City of London^ to prefent your Hon- 
4 ours with this their humble Petition ; being in Pur- 

* fuance of their Covenant with God which is upon 
4 them, humbly craving your charitable Conftruc- 

* tion ; their Ends being fmgle, for the Glory of 

* God, the Peace of the Kingdom, and Vindica- 
4 tion of the Parliament.* 

For the Right Honourable the LORDS in the High 
Court of Parliament ajfembled y 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers well affetted 
YOUNG MEN and APPRENTICES of the City of 
London, &c. 

Humbly Jheweth, 
4 "T" 1 HAT your Petitioners have, with the for- 

* -I wardeft, been ever ready in this common 

* Caufe of Religion, Laws, and Liberties, to ad- 
4 venture their Lives for the Prefervation thereof; 
4 - which we hoped, after fo much Expence of Blood, 
4 and (by God's Providence) fuch happy Succefs 
4 of your Armies, would have been fettled to us and 
4 our Pofterities in a lading Peace ; yet, to the Grief 
4 of our Hearts, your Petitioners cannot but take 
4 Notice how, in thefe unhappy Times of Diftrac- 
4 tion, divers difcontented Perfons labour to fow 
4 new Seeds of Difcords and Divifions amongft us ; 
4 whereby Incendiaries and Malignant? are encou- 
4 raged, your faithfuleft Friends difcountenanced, 
4 the Privileges of Parliament violated, Magiftracy 
4 oppofed, the public Worfliip of God flighted, 
4 and the Liberties and Properties of the Subject 
4 much endangered : All which your Petitioners 
4 laying fadly to Heart, and having more before 
4 their Eyes the Glory of God and the Happinels 

* of 

cf ENGLAND. 109 

4 of his Majefty's Kingdoms, than their own pri- An. 23 Car. I. 

* vate Intereft, (which we (hall readily facrifice 

* for the Public) do, in all Humility, moft hum- 

* bly Pray, 

1. ' That, according to our Solemn League and 

* Covenant, his Majefty's Royal Perfon may be 

* defended; and that his juft Power and Greatnefs 

* (in the Prefervation and Defence of true Reli- 
1 gion and Liberties of the Kingdoms) may be 

2. * That the Rights and Privileges of Parlia- 

* ment may be vindicated, and the lawful Liberties 
' and Property of the Subject preferved and main- 
' tained. 

3. ' That the Government of the Church may be 

* fpeedily fettled, Conventicles (the Seminaries of 
Separation) fupprefled, and a Toleration of licen- 

* tious Liberty effectually declared againft. 

4. ' That all Incendiaries, Malignants, and evil 

* Inftruments which hinder the Reformation of Re- 

* ligion, dividing the King from his People, or one 

* of his Kingdoms from another, or making any 
' Faction of Parties among the People, contrary 

* to the Solemn League and Covenant, may be 

* brought to public Trial, and receive condign 
' Punifliment. 

5. That all Obftru&ions to the Ordinary Coure 

* of Juftice may be removed, and the infufferable 

* Abufes of Committees and their Officers conft- 

6. That the Arrears of the Soldiery of this 
' Kingdom may be fatisfied, and the Security granted 
' for their further Indemnity, for all As done by 
c them, Tempore & Loco Belli. 

7. ' That the Army now on Foot may be dif- v 
' banded or otherwife difpofed of that fo this al- 

' moft exhaufted Kingdom may be freed from thofe 

* many grievous Taxes and Oppreflions it now 
' groans under. 

8. e And whereas there have been and ftill are 

* great Abufes and infufferable Injuries done to 

* your Petitioners, by the Sale of Freedoms, and 


1 1 o ^fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

Foreigners intruding into the Suburbs and Places 
near adjacent to this City, whereby your Peti- 
tioners are much difcouraged in their Service* 
the Freemen of this City prejudicedj and the 
Franchifcs and Liberties thereof infringed : Wd 
therefore humbly befsech this Honourable Affem- 
bly to refolve on fome Courfe, (as you in your 
Wifdom (hall think fit) as well for the Expulfion 
of fuch as have fo unduly crept in among us, as for 
the future Prevention of the like infufrerable Inju- 
ries that may redound to your Petitioners- here- 

And your Petitioners, being ah'javs ready to adven- 
ture their Lives and Fortunes fur your Defend 
and Prefervatiort) Jhcdl ever /rcy, -&c, 

The ANSWER of the Houfe of PEERS, delivered in 
Form, by the Earl of MANCHESTER, 


* ""IT* H E Lords have commanded me to return 

* JL you hearty Thanks for your good" Affection* 
*, and pious Care for the public Peace of the King- 

* dom, which you have exprefled by yoiir Petition. 

* Their Lordfhips will take the Particulars thereof 

* into their fpeedy Confideration.' 

But the foregoing Petition having been prefented 
to the Commons, they only ordered two of their 
Members to acquaint the Petitioners, ' That that 
Houfe had divers Matters of the Petition al ready- 
before them, and would take the reft into Conii- 
deration in due Time.' 

For a fmall Digreffion from thefq public Affairs, 
.the following private one falls in courfe, and do 
ferves our Notice. The Reader may remember 1 
an Impeachment of High Treafon preferred againft 
John Lord Finch, when Lord-Keeper, at the Be- 

t inning of this Parliament, for which he thought 
t to withdraw himfelf beyond the Seas. This 
Day, July 14, the following Petition from him, 
5 de- 

^ENGLAND. lit 

t'efiring Leave to return into England^ was pre- An. 23 Car. I. 
fented to the Lords, who read it, and ordered it t * * 7 ' ., 
to be confidered another Day ; which Day never j u iy. 
came. However, this Lord furvived the Reftora- 
tion, returned at that Time into England, and fat 
afterwards as one of the Commiffioners for trying 
the Regicides. 

The Petition now before us was in hac Verba : 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS in the Moft Hon- 
ourable Houfe of PEEKS in the High Court of Par- 
liament affembledy 


*"T"* HE Petitioner, with all humble Gratitude, A Petition frm 

* 1 acknowledgeth your Lordfhips great Gc^-^^^ 
4 nefs towards him, that, for five Years Space, hath turn to England. 

* forebore that Severity againft him, to which your 

* Lordfhips, by the Petitioner's Departure out of 
c England, and otherwife, were juftly provoked. In 
' all this his difconfolate Abfence, the Petitioner's 

* Care and Study hath been to behave himfelf towards 
< all your Lordfhips, and towards the Honourable 
Houfe of Commons, fo as that none of you may 
ever again take up other Thoughts of him than 

* benign and compaffionate. 

4 Old Age, many late Sicknefles, and the deep 

* Seme of his long and prefent Miferies, give the 

* Petitioner a certain Aflurance of a very (hort 

* Life ; which, above'all earthly Things, he de- 

* fires may take End in his dear and native Soil. 

* For this Purpofe he hath directed his humble Pe- 
' tition to the Honourable Houfe of Commons ; 

* and is, by thefe, a moft humble and earned 
' Suitor to your Lordfhips, humbly begging your 

* moft Honourable Favour for his free Liberty of 

* returning into England; which, if your Lord- 
Sihips and that Honourable Aflembly pleafe to 

* vouchfafe unto him, it fhall for ever oblige fb.3 ^ 

* Petitioner, by all Gratitude and Fidelity, and by *** 
<all other real Endeavours, fo to expire there, 

H2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < that neither your Lordmips nor the Honourable 

> * *L' j * Houfe of Commons {hall have the leaft Caufe to 

j uly< unwifti any the utmoft Extent of your Goodnefs 

' and Clemency, or the moft-wifhed and comfort- 

' able Marks of your good Opinion. 

' In thefe humble Thoughts the Petitioner mail 
live and die; and mall, during Life, humbly and 
' heartily pray to God for all Happinefs to attend 

* your Lordmips, and your moft honourable Pro- 

* ceedings.' 


July 16. An Order for fuppreffing of Stage-Plays 
was read twice in the Houfe of Lords, and it beinc, 
put to the Queftion, Whether to limit the Time 
to the firft of January next ? it was carried in the 
Affirmative, the following Lords entering this their 
Proteft againft it : 

A Proteft againft ' We conceiving Stage-players and Stage-plays to 
an Order con- c fa unlawful, and the Parliaments of England and 
PI". 8 * Scotland) by their Propofitions, having defired that 

* they might be forbidden for ever ; the Queftion 
' being put for the Limitation of Time to the firft of 
' January next, we do here enter our Proteftation 
' againft that Limitation.' 


The Order was directed by both Houfes to the 
Lord Mayor, to take Care to fupprefs all public 
Plays and Play-houfes, all Dancing on Ropes and 
Bear-baitings, &V. 

July 17. The following Letter from the Scots 
Commiflioners, addrefled to the Earl of Manchejler^ 
was read. 

WorceJler-Houfe July 17, 1647. 

Right Honourable, 
' | N Purfuance of the Directions of the Com- 

* J. mittee of Eftates of the Kingdom of Scot' 

* 1and> we do fend your Lordfhip here inclofed two 

* Papers which we intreat you to communicate 

2 'to 


* to both Houfes ; and, expecting their Anfwer An - 2 3 Car 
thereunto, we reft 

Your Lord/hip's btttrtbk Servants, 



The PAPERS referred to in'the-fcre-g&ing Letter. 

July 1 6, 1647. 

c \ S we have often reprefented to both Houfeg A Paper from 
c Xl of Parliament the D.efires of the Kingdom Sfflfone^S" 
' of Scotland, concerning Religion being the prin- ring the Per- 
c cipal Thing' which engaged them in the Affift- fiance of the 
< ance of tHis Kingdom ; now we cannot conceal J^ 

* how much this Kingdom doth long and wait for 
' the performing and fulfilling of the firft two Ar- 
' tides of the Solemn League and Covenant, as 

* the chief Fruit of all their Pain,, Hazards, Suf^ 

* ferings, and Lofles which, during that Affiftance, 
' and by Oce.afion thereof, they did, and do yet 

* undergo j in. Purfuance of w-hich Articles there 
' was, upon the 25th of December la ft (/^), a full 

* Paper delivered into the Committee of Lords and 

* Commons, and Divines, appointed to receive Pa- 
pers of that Kind, which .wu.s by them ' tranf- 
' mitted to both Houfes of Parliament, whofe An- 
4 fwer thereunto we have ever been expelling for 
'the Space of fix Months, and upwards; but ag 
' yet have received. none, arsd fo can give no fatif- 
c factory Account thereof to the Kingdom of Scot' 

* land, tho' it be the chief Thing whereof they der 

* fire and expeft an Account from us : We do 

* therefore, for our Exoneration, earneftly deilre 

* an Anfwer from the Honourable Houjes to that 
1 Purpofe. 

By Command of the Commijjloners for the Parlia* 
inent of Scotland. 

VOL, XVI. H 3V) 

(b) In our Fifteenth Volume, p. 251* 



h 4 77v Parliamentary H i s T o ft V 

>/.y 1 6, 1647. 

H E Houfes of Parliament in their Letter 
of the 2jth of 'January laft, did engage 
themfelvcs to the Parliament of Scotland, that 

* the Garrrfona of this Kingdom being delivered 
Another for the ' Bp, and the Scffh Army and Forces marched out 
their 1 ?"""" ** <ofthi3 Kingdom, they fhould take into fpeedy 
raifed tofupprcfs * Confideration the Dcfire of the Kingdom of Scot- 
thelri/h Rebels. ' Icmd^ concerning a Competency of Entertainment 

* to be. given by this Kingdom for Maintenance of 
. ' the Forces which die Eftates of 'Scotland have; 

4 been for a long Time, and are flill, neceflitated 

* to keep up forfubduing the Irijb Rebels whom, 

* by the Large Treaty, the Kingdom of England 

* is bound to fupprefs. 

* It hath pfeafcci God, in a good Mcafure, of 

* late to blefs our Forces againft thcfc Rebels and 

* their Adherents ; yet the Charge and Expence 

* beftowed therein hath been very great, and there 
1 is a Remainder of the Enemy in the Mountains 
4 and Iflands unfubdued. There are now almort 

* fix Months elapfed fmce the Scots Army did, ac- 

* according to the Treaty between the Kingdoms, 
1 deliver up the Garrifons poflefled by them, and 

* peaceably and quietly march out of the King- 
v * dom. X\"c have been loath all this Time to im- 

x portune the Honourable Houfes in this Bufinefs, 
' iliil waiting when they fhould be pleafcd to fpare 

* fome Time from their other Affairs for Confi- 

u'ion of this Particular, according to their En- 
4 gagement : but we have not yet received any 
1 Arifwer : Left, therefore, the Kingdom of Scot- 
4 land fhould be difappointed of their Expectation 

* herein through our Silence, we do again, in their 

* Name, earnestly defire the Honourable Houfes 

* to take into their Confederation how, by they: 
e Supply, that Kingdom may be in fome Meafare 

* relieved of the great Burden they ire under, and 

* have undergone, for fupprefftng of thofe Rebels ; 

* and how the Coming over of more Irijh into that 

* Kingdom may, for the future, be prevented, ac- 

' cording 


* cording to the Intent of the Large Treaty j where- An. 23 Car. t t 

* in we are the more felicitous, in that we are ere- I6 47 

* dibly informed Preparations have been made in V j ul . 
' Ireland for this Purpofe thcfe divers Months part. 

By Command of the Commijjioncn for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 


The foregoing Letter and Papers were ordered 
to be fent to the Houfe of Commons. 

'July 19. A Letter from the Commiflloners with 
the Army was read. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

Reading July 15, 1647, 

paji Tivelve at Night. 
May It pleafe your Lordjhip^ 

* T)Y our laft, of the loth of this Inftant, we A Letter from 
D have made bold to acquaint you, that we n 

* have daily prefs'd on the Proceeding of the Trea* the Army? 

* ty. We had Word fent unto us, late that Even- 
< ing, that we fhould receive their Anfwer fomc 

* Time the next Day ; and now, late this Evening 1 , 

* Commiflary-General Ireton^ and feveral othef 

* Officers of the Army, came and acquainted us, 
That the General and the Officers took Nonce 

* of a Vote paffed in the Houfe of Commons Yd- 

* fterday, concerning the putting of all the Land 

* Forces, now in the Parliament's Pay, under the 

* immediate Command of Sir Thomas Fairfax ; 
' which is looked upon by them as an Expreflion, 

* of great Truft which that Houfe is pleafed to re- 
' pofe in the Army, and they hoped it would lay the 
4 Foundation of further Confidencej and of that 
' which will tend to the Security and Peace of the 

* Kingdom ; and that for the prefent, it had oc- 
' cafioned fome Alteration in a Paper they intend- 

* e;l for us this Night : And, withal, told us, That 

* the Propofals which they were preparing for the 
' Settlement of the Peace o: the Kingdom, had 

H 2 * been 

1 1 6 The Parliamentary Hi STORY 

An. 23 Car. I. been much interrupted by their long fitting in- 

' fl 47- < the Council of WJr for thefetwo Days lalt paft, 

j ul c " upon the Confideration of feveral Things thought 

c ncccffury for prefent 'Security, fome Particulars 

whereof were not. yet cleared: But farther ac- 

* quainted us, That moft of the Heads of thbfe 
' Propofals were, written, but neither agreed on 
fc nor applied as was neceffary, and as they intended. 

* They read thefe Heads unto us, to let us fee what 
4 Progrefs they, had made, and that their Thoughts 
' had been intent upon the general Peace of the 

* Kingdom ; and faid, They hoped, within five or 
' fix Days, to have them in Readinefs to be deli- 

* vered unto us. In- the mean Time we thought i^ 

* our Duty to give your Lordfhip this Account, and 

Tour Lord/kip's humble Servants, 


The fame Day the Eleven Members, impeach- 
ed by the Army, delivered to the Houfe of Com- 
ipons their Anfwer to the Charge againft them, 
which was read the firft Time in their Prefence ; 
and then, they having of themfelves withdrawn, 
the faid Anfwer was read a fecond Time. It is 
not entered in the 'Journals, nor in Mr. Ritjhivortb^ 
or the other Contemporaries ; however, it wasr 
printed, (though without the Name of a Printer of 
Publiiher) and we give it from the original Edi- 
tion, in the Collections of the late Thomas Sdate? 

'A full VINDICATION and ANSWER of the Eleven 
accufed Members to a late printed Pamphlet, in- 
tiiuled, A particular Charge or Impeachment, in 
the Name of Sir Thomas Fairfax and the Army 
under his Command, by his Appointment and 
the Council of War. 

The Anfwer of ; \ Lthough we be not ignorant .of the Illega- 
theElsren Mem- c jf\ \\\y and Infufficiency of that which is print- 
' cd and PuWiflieJ for our Charge,. feeming unto us, 


.* for the greateft Part thereof, rather an Arraignment Ani 23 Car. I. 
' of the Proceedings of the Houfe of Commons, as l6 47- 
.' fuppofing them to be acted and carried on in a De- 

* fign, by the Intereft and Prevalehcy of the Per- 

* fons charged ; and that all the Particulars men- 
1 tioncd in this Charge fhould be, by them, com- 
' mitted and done in Purfuance of that Defign ; 
' a Thing fo contrary to the Nature, and deroga- 

* tory to the Honour of a free Parliament, and of 

* a dangerous Confequence, to render all fufpecled 
' and invalid which this Parliament hath done or 
' fhall do : And that this Charge is .brought in the 
' Name of an Army, and fo is an Accufation en- 

* forced by Power, contrary to the Statute of 

* 31 Hen. VI. Cap. \. and no Accufcr rppearrno; 
' liable to fatisfy the Parties grieved for their Da- 

* mages and Expences, if the Accufation prove 

* falie and untrue, (as this moft certainly is) againfr. 

* the Tenor of feveral Statutes made in that Be- 
* half (#) : Nor is it unknown that many indirect 

* and unjuftifiable Ways have been practiced in pro- 

* viding the Materials of this Charge, by tampering 

* with Perfons to become our Accufers ; fetting 
' general Inquifitions upon foms of us, who have 
' faithfully ferved our Country, (moft of us for the 

* Space of near feven Years in that Hbufe, ancl 
' the reft of us the Time of our being Members) 

* to the wafting of our Eftates, Prejudice of our 
' Healths, and many Inconveniences to our Per- 

* fons by much Travel and Labour ; without thofe 
' Advantages by way of Gift or otherwife, which 
' feme- of our Accufers, and divers others have had, 
-' for which we bear them no Envy at all ; yet 

* Books have been fearched, Proceedings at Com- 
.'. mittees viewed, -the King's and -Digby's Cabinets 

' and private Papers (of which our Accufers had 
-'the Maidenhead) fearched for Intelligence, yet 
' not one Syllable found againft us in them; Ser- 
-* vants and Attendants examined to rake up Ma- 

() Edto. 1'.' Cap. 13. z$ EJ'M.lll. Cap. 4. 27 Edw. III. 
Cap. 2. 38 Edia. III. Cap. 9. 17 Rid. Pt. Cap. 6. 15 Hen- 
ry VI. Cap. 4. ' Welts its the Original. 

H 3 ter 

i i $ 7& Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. ' tcr againft us (an abfolutc $rcach of Privilege of 
l6 *7 j Parliament, and not well confifting with the Li- 

* berty of the Subject :) All this notwithstanding, 

* which we might very well take Exceptions at, 
' and befides that we now lie under that great Dif- 
' advantage which the Philofopher did, who difpu- 

* ted with the Emperor who commanded thirty Le- 

* gions^ fo that all his Arguments were too weak, nor 

* could he make Ufe of that Strength of Reafon and 
' Truth which his Caufe did afford ; yet we, prcfu- 

* ming upon our Innocency and the Juftice of thofe 

* who mufi judge us, bjJt principally upon the 

* Goodnefs of the great God, who is the Support 
4 and Avenger of the Opprefs'd, and hath protect - 
' ed, for feveral Years, fome of us, when we have 
' been the Object of Malice and Power, and Marks 
' fet up to be (hot at for Deftruclion ; to which 

* Purpofe our Actions, Speeches, and our privateft 

* Conventions have been, as narrowly as could 

* be, obferved and inquired into ; Prilbners, dif- 

* contented Perfons, Friends and Foes, examined 

* upon us ; all Manner of Perfons dealt with, that 
.' cculd be imagined willing to betray, and able to 

* fay any thing againft us, yet God having pre- 
' ferved us, as he did David from the Bear and 
' Lion, which encouraged him likewife to promife 

* himfelf Deliverance from the uncircumfcifed /Y,v- 

* llfnnc, though fo much more mighty than he ; in 
.' like Manner we truft for his Afliftance and Pro- 
' teclion at this Time, and (hall apply ourfelves (o 

* the Particulars infiftcd upon, and not formerly 

* cleared snd difcharged upon a ftridl Examina- 

* tion and Debate in Parliament ; and (hall give, 

* we doubt not, a fatisfaclory Account of our In- 
,' tegrity and Ini)occncy in them all, in Order as 

* they lye. 

* The firft Article of the Charge, which con-- 
4 cerns Mr. Holies finely, is partly of PuJJagt* fit 

* Oxford about three Years fince. 'Wiih thcie l>e 

* cannot undertake to charge his Meir.ory at this 

* Time, to give particular and pofitive Ar.fvvccs 
' thereunto i but. he faith, Thcic is no new IVhit- 


^ENGLAND. 119 

* tcr at all in this Charge, and that the whole 3u- An. 73 Car, 

* fincfs received a full and perfect Difquifition in ' 6 *7- 

* the Houfe of Commons, in the Month of "July, July!"" 

* j 645, now two Years paft ; when, as near as 
' he could rememher, of all done and faid by him 

* concerning the Particulars, then and now laid 

* to his Charge, he gave an Account, together 
. * with another Gentleman, a very worthy Mem- 
' her of the Houfe, and his Fellow-Commiffioner 
' at Oxford (r), who was then accufed by the Lord 

* Saville^ to have joined with Mr. Holies in all the 

* Parts of this Charge ; and the Houfe was fo fully 

* fatished of their good Intentions in their Tranf- 

* action of that Bufmefs, that, after a very long 

* Debate of feveral Days, they ordered it, upon 
-* the Queftion, the igth Day' of that July, c fhm 
' the Matter of the Report (which was this whole 
4 Bufinefs now endeavoured to be revived in this 

* Charge) ' jhoM 'be totally and finally {aid afide. 

4 As for the particular Anfwers which he gave 

* in the Vindication of his Innocency, afieriing 

* the Truth, and dilcoverina; the Malice and Faife- 
1 hood of his then Accufer, the Lord ^aviile^ he 

* refers himfelf to the publick Examinations, Pro- 
.' ceedings, and Refolutions in the Houfe, and what 
' was then and there delivered, both by him and 

* the other Gentleman together with him at that 

* Time mod falfly accufed by the Lord Sew: lie ; 
' who hath fmce fo far bethpught himfelf, and te.- 

* ftified a Remorfe for the Injury he thc-n did unto 

* thefe two Gentlemen, that it is not very long 

* fince he fent a Perfon of Honour, a Peer of the 

* Realm, unto Mr. Holies^ alluring him, That -wb&t 
4 his Cowpo/iif'on -wqs snce made and perfefted^ (for 

* this was at the Tin^e that the Lord Saviile was 

* upon compounding for his Delinquency) he w cuid 
' then difco-iter unto him, meaning Mr, Holies^ how 

* that whole Bu/jiiffs was laid again/i him, and ivho 
they were that laid it; which when he kncw^ he 

(f) Mr. Wbitloclc, in whofe !tfemeria!<, p. 148, ft ultra ; as alfo 
in LorJ Holt's'! Memoirs, p. jg, the Reader will find an ample 
Account of this Bufinei's, 

H 4 would 

120 ^be Parliamentary HISTORY 

iifta. 13 Car. I. c wciild fee be bad no C0ufe to be fo angry with him ; 

A J^ 47 ' ' and therefore defer ed him not to be againft him hi 

July""" * fating the Fine for his CsMpofition : Adding withal,, 

' He di,rjl not ''difctiier it till he was out of their 

' Danger, meaning thofe who had laid that Dcfign. 

' againft Mr, Holies \for if they had the leajl Incklin~g 

* of it, they would ctrtair.iy ruin him. This was thfe 
c Sutftancf, rnd, as near as can be remembered, 

* the very Words which were delivered unto Mr. 

* Hcles by that Lord; in the Name of the Lord 
' Saville, and from him. But Mr. Holies was fo 

* far from being vindictive againft thofe who had 

* exprefied fo much Malice againft him, and en- 
' deavoured his Ruin, as he wholly put it out of 

* his Thoughts, never fo much as fending to the 

* Lord Say Hie after his Compofition was paft ; ifi 
6 the making whereof he did him no Differvicfe 

* at all, as in Truth fcorning it. 

' Another Claufe in the firft Article is concerrf- 
6 ing a Letter fent from the Earl of Lindfey unto 

* Mr. Holies, containing, as is laid in the Charge, 

* foriic fecr-et Dejign. This was likewise examined 

* in the HoulU, and by Mr. Holies himfelf firft 

* ci'covered unto *he Houfe, contrary to what 
4 is in the printed Paper moft falfly fuggefted, and 

* this done by liim as foon as it came into his 

* Mind ; for when he received it, which was very 
4 late one Evening by a Servant' of Lord SaviHis^ 
6 he irnmediate'y after fell nek, which made him 

-' clean forget it ; nor doth he know what became 

* of the Piper, whether or no he burnt it : The 
' Con rents of it were only one Line, a Recom- 

* mendauon nf the- Bearer from the Lord Savitte, 

* the very Words whereof were then frefti in his 
'Memory, and by him repeated in the Houfe j 

* when fuch Satisfaciion was ci\en, as that therfe 

* There ir. pn.ptbcr Part of this firft Article, of 
< tve Earl of , Li nicy's mcvl;::; for- a P.afs fa ftlr. 
' Holies to go to Oxford ; ar.d- th-e Kifrg's feyi-nc, 

cf E.N.G.L AND. ,21 

* He did him letter Service in ibe P aril rfm.vtt than An. 23 Car. I, 

* be could- do there ; which was likewife, by the l6 "-> 
'Lord SaviUe, informed '.to the Con:<::itt.:c ap- '*~~T u j~~~ 
' pointed for the Examination of that Bufmefs, 

f and fo reported to the Houie ; at which Time Mr. 
' Holies hid, aud ftill doth, That he knew nothing 
' of it, and was, and is, moft confident that it is 

* moft falfe ; for that he 'never fignified any fuch 
' Defwe to, the Earl of Liridfey, or to any body 
' elfe, nor ever had it in his Thoughts. 

* To the fecond Article^* which charges Mr. 
.' HoUes and Sir Philip Siapykon, jointly, wkh fend- 
' ing feveral Mejfages to the Earl of Dorfet, and Lord 
* Digby ; and Sir Philip' Stapylton, fmgly, to have 
'* fent one to the Earl of Dorfet ; and then both Mr. 
* Holies and Sir Philip Stapylton to have joined in 
' drawing Proportions, and fending them privately to 
' his Majefly ; they both df them fay, for what eon- 
' corns both, and Sir Philip Stapylton-, for what 
f concerns himfelf, (this being the only Thing in 

* ail the Charge that is fmgly objected againft him) 
? That the whole Article' is falfe and untrue in aH 
' and every Part of it. 

' The third Article lays a Charge on the eleven 
* Members jointly, for meeting together at Lady 
* Carlifle's Lodgings in -Whitehall, and other Places^ 
* ivith other difaffcttkd Perfons ; for holdhig Cor- 

* refpondency with the .Queen? to put Conditio-ns upon 

* the Parliament, to bring in the King upon their 
< own Terms ; and do fuch other Things, in Pra.- 

* fecuticn of their evil Defig.ns, as are in that Ar- 
' tide mentioned. To all and every Branch 

' whereof they do all jointly, and each of them 
' feveraily, give a full, pofitive, and abfolute De- 
> nial ; "and afErrn,That the whole; Charge in that 

* Article is fcandalous and falfe in Matter and 
' Form. Moft of them declare, Thr^t \vi'hi;i the 

* Time there limited for thoie.Miaftiijgs.' to havp 
' been, and at no Tinre before or fince, they have 

* at all been at her Ladyiliip's Lodgings ; only Mr. 
f Hollas, S-ir Ifc'iliiatn- L^-v;;, aiid bir- Phtlii). St&- 


122 The Parliamentary Hi s T jo R y 

An. 43 Car. I- ' pylton do acknowledge that, by her Ladyfhip's 
Favour, they have many Times waited upon 
at * ier own Lodgings in Whitehall^ and 

* elfewhere, yet never to any fuch Intent and Pur- 

* pofe, as is in the Article moft falfly fuggefted ; 
' but only to pay unto her Ladyfhip that Refpc& 

* which is due unto her (aPerfonof fo great Ho- 
' nour and Defert) from them, and in Truth from 

* all others who are Well-wifhers to the Welfare 

* of this Kingdom. 

* And whereas it is faid, That they had a great 
' Power upon the Treafure of this Kingdom^ and 
' thereby maintained the Queen's Party ; ajjiired her 

* a Penfion^ and undertook to do more fir the King 

* than the Army would do, who, it ftems are now 

* ambitious in out-ftripping all others in acting for 

* his Majcfty : It is very well known that thefe 

* Perfons have not at all meddled in Money Bufi- 
' nefles j have had leaft to do with difpofing of the 
' Public Treafure, and therefore could not pleafure 

* others with it ; and leaft of all have they received 

* any Part of it for their private Ufes, fome of 
4 them having declared themfelves in the Houfe, 

* when the Houfe was pleafed to vote them con- 

* fiderable Sums in Recompence for their very great 

* Sufferings for the Common-wealth, That they 
' would receive nothing till the Public Debts were 
' paid ; and none of them are the Men that have 

* grown great in thefe calamitous Times, and been 

* enriched upon the Ruin of others, nor preferred 

* themfelves and their Friends to higher Fortunes 
' than otherwife they could ever have afpired unto ; 
' therefore, there is neither Truth, nor Semblance 
of Truth, that they fhould be guilty of engaging 
' the Public Treafure and Stock, as the Article 
4 charges ; nor would any have believed them if 
' they had been fo falfe and foolifh as to have 

* offered it. In Conclufion they fay, The whole 

* Charge in this Article is utterly falfe. 

* The fourth Article, which chargeth Mr. Hol- 

* bs, Sir Philip Stajyiton, Sir William Lewis, Sir 

* John 

* of ENGLAND. 123 

* John Clotworthy, Sir William Waller, and Ma- An. 23 car. I. 

* jor- General Majfey, to have, within the Space of ' + 1 ' 
three Months lajl paft, invited the Scots, and other 

' foreign Forces to enter this Kingdom, is by -them 

* averred to be utterly falfe ; as likewife that Part 

* of it which charges Mr. Holies to havcfent unto the 
4 >ueen, to advife her to fend the Prince into Scot- 

* land, to come into this Kingdom at the Head of an 

* Army, is by him declared to be rnoft untrue, and 

* a mcer Invention of Malice againft him. And, 
' in the laft Place, where it chargeth the eleven 

* Members to have lifted, or caufed to be lifted, 

* divers Commanders and Soldiers, -without Autho- 

* rity of Parliament, and to have encouraged Refor- 
.' mado Officers and Soldiers to gather together tu- 

* mutuoujly at Wcftminfter, to affright and affault 

* the Members of Parliament, there is nothing of 

* Truth in it, and reflects more upon their Ac- 

* cufers than on them. 

' To the fifth Article, which charges Mr. Holies, 
' Sir Philip Stapyhon, and Mr. Glynne^ to have been 
' O&flrufttrs of Petitions to the Parliament for Re- 

* drefs of public Grievances, they fay, That what 

* hath been done by them, or any of them, in 

* Matters of Petitions, was done in the Houfe of 
* Commons, and only there ; where they have, 

* upon Occafion, delivered their Opinions con- 

* cerning fome feditious Petitions, which they fup- 
'* pofe to be the Petitions intended by the Article. 

* And for what is faid of Mr. Holies and Sir 
> Philip Stnpylton's' affronting fome Petitioners at" 

* tending a Committee, as Major Tuleday, and com- 
' milling Nicholas Tew, iviihout Authority, they 

* do fay, That Tuleday and Tew affronted the 

* Committee ; that Tew endeavoured to raife a 
' Tumult in the Court of Reqtiejfs, to the Diftur- 
' barice and Danger of the Committee ; where- 

* upon the Committee thought fit to reflrain him 
1 until the next Morning, when they would ac- 

* quaint the Houfe with it : That all, both con- 

* cerning him and Tuleday, was reported unto the 
f Houfe. and both of them wefe, by the Houfe, 

* com- 

1 24 The Parllamehtary H r s o R Y 

An. 23 Car. I. committed upon juft Reafons, and afterwards 

l6 47- ' both of them difcharged or bailed; the oUe upon 

c the Motion of Mr. Holies, and the other of Sir 

* Philip Stapylton. 

4 And whereas r is faid, That- they were not 
4 permitted to fpeak for th&nfelves ; it is notoriously 
4 untrue, for Tulcday was heard at the Bar of the 
. ' Houfe of Commons, and Tew was heard at the 

* Committee as long as he would fpeak, until he 

* refufed to anfwer any: more Queftions, faying, 
' He was not bound to accufe him/elf. 

' In the laft Plac% where Mr. Glynne is charged 

* to 'have commuted Tew to Newgate, for no other 
' Caufe but for having a Petition about him^ which 

. ' was to be prefented to the Hw.fe, Mr. Glynne doth 
4 anfwer, That being Recorder of London^ and in 

* the Commifiion of the Peace, he knows it not to 
4 be a Crime to fend fuch Perfons to the Goal, as be 
' brought before him for Mifdemeanors, and may 

* have committed Tew-, as he hath done many 
' others j but he doth believe it to be a Miftake 
c in the Accufers, not remembring any fuch Thing, 
4 and doth boldly affirm, That if he did corn- 
' mit him it was not for the Caufe laid down in the 
4 Article, but upon juft Grounds of Law. 

* To the fixth Article, touching the Imprifan- 
4 ment of Enfign Nichols by Sir William Waller, 

.' Sir John Clotworthy, and Major-General Maf- 
e fey, they anfwer, That they, being, by Inftruc- 

4 tions of the 9th of April^ 164.7, from the Com- 
4 mittee at Derby-Houfe y for the Affairs of Ireland^ 

/authorized to draw off from the reft of the Ar- 
4 my fuch as fhould accept of the Service of Ire- 
4 land) and quarter them in fuch Places as they 
4 {hould think fit, upon the Engagement of divers 
4 Officers. of Col. Lilburnss Regiment to go for 
4 Ireland, they gave Orders to Lieutenant-Colonel 
4 Kempfon to march with fuch Soldiers of that Re- 
4 giment as {hould engage for Ireland^ to Eveflxwi'\ 
4 and the Soldiers fo engaging feparated from the 
4 Army ; and, on their March towards Evtfor*, 
4 they, on the 24th of April 1647, at Sa/ron- 

* Walden> 


* ffiblden, after the General's Departure towards An - s^ Car. I, 

* London, having received feveral Informations that t ' J , 

* Enfign Nichols (Enfign to Captain Dormer, one 7X 
' of the Captains of the faid Regiment) repaired 

* into the Quarters of thofe Forces drawn off from, 
'the Army, in order to the Service of Ireland, 
' there difluading the Soldiers to go for Ireland; 

* encouraging them mutinoufly to demand their. 
4 Pay of the faid Captain Dormer, and then, by 

* Falfhoods and cunning Practices, endeavouring 
' to entice them back to the Army ; undervaluing 

* thofe that went for Ireland, and incenfing them 
' againft the Propofhions of Parliament for that 

* Service; and alfo reading to the faid Soldiers 

* the Petition of the Army, after the fame was 

* then lately prohibited by both Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment; and being certified that, for th&fe Mif- 
' carriages, the faid Capt. Dormer had fecured his 
' Perfon till further Order, the Lords and Com- 

* mons, who were Commiffioners, did thereupon, 
' on the faid 24th of 'April, give Directions to 
' Lieutenant-Colonel . Kempfon to take Order tha^ 

* the faid Enfign Nichols fhould be fent up to 
' London, with the firft Opportunity, to be dif- 

* pofed of by the Committee of Lords and Corrr- 
' mons for the Affairs of Ireland at Derby-Houfe^ 

* which was accordingly done ; and, upon the Re. 

* port of the Bufinefs, the faid Enfign was commit- 

* ted by Order of the Houfe of Commons, and the 

* Perfons that brought him rewarded for their Ser- 
' vice therein : In all which Proceedings they know 

* of nothing done, but what their Duty and Inftruc- 

* tions, in relation to the Service of Ireland, re- 

* quired at their Hands, being contrary neither to 

* the Laws of the Land nor Articles of War j but 
' conceive, upon thefe Informations, (ready to bq 
' produced and teftified upon Oath) that the faid 

* Enfign, according to the Martial Law, for his 
' faid Offences, deferved Death for endeavouring 
' a Mutiny as abovefaid : And therefore there is 
f JK> Caufe for the Army to comp]ain 3 in that the 

4 Hou& 

* a6 The , ParKajftcntary H i s T o R y 

An. 25 Car. I. < Houfe was fo merciful to him as to remit that* 

, lt "47- ^ 4 Punifhment. 

c Whereas it is charged, ?<rt flk Psr&f/ c/ 
c Enjign Nichols were ft arched, and divers Paper! 
1 taken from him ; and that he was fent a Prifonir 
f to London from the Head-Quarters, without the 
' Authority or Privity of the General, they fay, 

* That no Order was given by them for fearching 

* his Pockets; or taking av.-ay his Papers ; and be- 
' licve no fuch Thing was done : That he was- 
" fecured by Captain Dormer, being found in the 

* Quarters of thofe Forces that were drawn off for 
' Ireland, actually endeavouring to put the Soldier? 

* into a Diftcmper, and fo to withdraw them from 

* that Service j and was fent from thofe Quarters 

* (not the Head-Quarters, as is falfly fuggefted) to 

* London. And for the Privity or Authority of the 

* General, if he had been then prefent, they con- 

* ceivc their Authority from the Parliament, on 

* that Behalf, was fufficient without the General's ; 

* and, as the Cafe ftood, they thought it not rea- 

* fonable to confult the Army in the Matter of 

* difturbing the Irijh Service, when they had there 

* found fo little Encouragement before. 

. To the feventh Sir William Waller, Sir John 

* Clrtivorthy, and Colonel Harley, fay, They are 
' very fenfible the Particulars charged in the fe- 

* venth Article do fpecially relate to Things faid 

* or done in the Houfe of Commons ; and fo not 

* liable to any Cenfure, having pa/Ted the Appro- 
' bation of that Houfe, which hath already ao 
quitted them, by their Votes of the 25th ofjune^ 
4 from all Things done and fpoken by them in 

* the Houfe, contained in this and the three en- 

* fuing Articles; and fo ought not to have been 

* recited in this Charge ; yet, to vindicate them- 

* felves from the Scandal of Defign and Combina- 
' tion againft the Army, they fhall give this true 

* Account of what induced them to endeavour the 

* fupprcfling of that Petition : 

* Sir William Waller and Sir John Cktiyortly^ 
' being Commlflioners of Parliament v. iih the 


- tfE N G L A N D. 127 

' Army for the Service of Ireland, and Col. Harley An: *3 Car. I. 

* being there to attend the fame Service, March 22, ^ 
1646, at a Convention of Officers for the Ser- j u u. 

* vice of Ireland at Walden, the Petition was pro- 

* duced, as the Petition of the Soldiers, to be ap- 
proved by the Officers there: and was prefied 
with fuch Eagernefs, that an Officer of Quality 

' offering fome Reafons againft it, was told, He 

* deferved not to live in an Army j they taking 

* Notice of the fubtle and violent managing of 

* that Petition, pretended to be the Petition of the 

* Soldiers, but in Truth framed then, as they can 

* prove, by fome Officers at IValden, at a Time 

* when the Parliament only propofed the Service 

* of Ireland, and the Soldiery had neither Difpo- 

* fition nor Caufe to petition ; the Army being 
' well paid for feveral Months then pad, especially 
' the Foot, confiding much of Recruits, had little 
' Caufe to complain for Pay ; thereupon they re- 

* prefented this Information to the General, as 

* that which required his Care to fupprefs timely. 

* But after they returned to London, they received 

* feveral Informations, of which they have good 

* Proof, that the Petition was agitated in feveral 

* Regiments, and propofed by the Officers to their 

* Soldiers : That fome Officers threatened that 

* thofe who did refufe to fubfcribe it fhould be 

* camiered ; and Directions were given to return 

* the Subfcriptions to fome principal Officers at the 

* Head-Quarters. What palled in the Houfe of 

* Commons, they prefume not to relate without 
' the Leave of the Houfe ; but by thefe Particu- 

* lars, which are ready to be attefted by Perfons of 

* Worth, the Defign of raifing Jealoufies between 

* the Parliament and Army, will really be fixed 

* upon thofe who have falfly impofed it on the ac* 

* cufed Members, to carry on their own Defigns, 
c which are fince more vinble. 

' To the eighth Article, whereas Colonel Harlcy 

* is charged, That, by Combination, he proittccd to 
' this Hovfe a Letter, which could not be made 

i he affirms, He did acquaint the Houf 

* with 

128 'The Parliamentary H i s T Q R Y 

" *<L~! r ' I-C with a. Letter received as he was coming to At* 

. /" . ' Houfe, and Tent to him from an Officer of Worth 

jpiy. ' in the Army, who was nnu is ready to juftify the 
' SuHrapce of the Letter to be moft true, That 
' Lieutenant-Colonel Pride (d} drew Col. Harley's 
' K">iment to a Rendezvous, read the Petition in 
' thfi rjiiiu of his Company, and that the. Pefijion 
' was then fubfcribed by moft of the Regiment ; 
c and that Lieutenant-Colonel Pride &id^ Such as 
would not fubfcrjbe the Petition Jhouldb; easier* d (.*). 
' That in this Cvlonel Hurley did nothing but his 
Duty, and what the Houfe of Commons approved 
' by their public Thanks to him and another wor- 

* thy Member, an Officer in the Army, who pre- 
c duced ^another Letter concerning the fame Bufi- 

* nefs. 

' For that which is laid to Mr. Holies' 's Charge 

* in this Article, concerning the drawing of that 

* Declaration, he. anfwers, That it was done in the 
< Houfe; and the Houfe did allow of, pafs it, and 

* afterwards fent it up to the Houfe of Peers, where 

* it was likewife paft ; and that any fhould queftion 

* it, being become and made the Act of both Houfes, 
c and fo a Charge rather againft them than him- 

* felf, feems ftrange unto him, whofe Part in it 
' was only to draw up that Declaration according 

* to the Senfc of the Haufe, in Obedience to a ge* 
c neral Call upon him for it, being exceedingly 
' preiTed and urged to do it, when himfelf was very 
' unwilling to take that Taflc upon him. 

4 To the ninth Article, wherein it is'faid, Ttwt 
< Col. Harley, Sir John Clotworthy, Sir William 
4 Waller, and the faid. other Perfens did procure 
' divers eminent and faithful Officers of the Army, 
' viz. Lieutenant-General Hammond, Celofid Lil- 

* burne, Lientenant-Cohnel Piide, and others, to It 

* fent for to appear at the Ear of the Houfe, againft 
4 whom they could charge nothing at all ; infomuck 

(d) Afterwards made a Colonel. 

(<0 This is Liberty of Conference fo much profeffed asd c$n- 
teftcd for by the Army. ffotes in.the Original. 

The CQnduift of Col. Pride, in regard to this Petition^ is particu- 
larly explained in our Fifteenth Vlame, p, 357, 




' that the Houfe thought fit immediately to difchargs An. 23 Car. Ii 
1 them, it is anfwered, That the faid Colonei tier- ^ l6 ^ 7> ^ 

* ley, Sir John Clotvjorthy, and Sir William Watic^ \ 7J[ 

* having been infoimed that thofc who ftile them- 
' felves fuch eminent arid faithful Herfons, of the 

* Army, with fome others, being; very a&ive in 

* promoting the Petition mentioned in the former 

* Articles, did, in Difeharge of their Duty, faith- 
1 fully reprefent to the Houfe what they had heard ; 

* and whilft the Houfe in Gonfiderauon there- 

* ofj divers Letters w. re brought to feveral Mem- 

* bers of the Houfe, from feveral Parts of the King 1 - 

* dom^ declaring the Apprehenfion which many 

* faithful Officers of the Army had taken up, if 
' fuch a Petition (hould be permitted to go on ; as, 

* particularly, a Letter of the 28th of March laft, 

* directed to CoL Rojfiter, an eminent Member of 

* the Army, wherein it is defired, by fuch as pro*- 

* moteu this Petition, that the Names of fuch Of- 

* fleers and Soldiers as fubfcribed the Petition (hould 

* be fent to Colonel Hammond, Lieutenan-General 

* Hammond, Commiffary-General Iretyn, Colonel 

* Lilburne, Lieutenant-Colonel Grimes, or any threte 

* of them. On the Confideration of what wzs 

* mentioned in this and other Letters, in Confir- 

* mation of what was formerly prefented by the 

* Gentlemen articled againft, the Houfe of Com- 

* mons did fend for feveral of the Perfons beforemeri- 

* tioned j and, as is conceived, had very goodRea- 
' fon fo to do. 

' And whereas it is faid, TfJat a Committee whs 

* appointed to examine the 'Truth or Falfhcod of tbsnt : 

* If by the Truth or Falfhood of them is meant, 

* the Truth or Falfhood of the Perfons filled d;vers 

* eminent and faithful Officers of the Army, then 
' how could they be faid to be immedia el\' difcharg- 

* ed as fuch, againft whom nothing could be charged 

* or proved at all ? 

* The Gentlemen article.-] againil: do further 
e fay, That it is a very ill Ufe that is made of the 
' Parliament's Indulgence, not to proceed wirh 
c fuch Severity a?ainit thofe Perfon, convented be- 
VOL. XVI, ' I ' fore 

130 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a-; C .-. !. c fbrc them, as aforefaid, as to affirm, That, there- 

lf 4'- ' fore, nothing can be faid againft them : The like 

'! Ufe was foimerly made of the Parliament's fo 

c i..r condefcending to the defires of another Paper, 

4 f; ; i-j to come from the Army, concerning the Ob- 

* 1 kerning of the Declaration relating to the Peti- 

* tion . both which Expreflions might well, in Mo- 
' deity and Duty, have been fpared. 

* And whereas this Article is fluffed with great 

* fwelling Words of Vanity, as though the Gen- 
' tlemen charged by this Article were prefled to 
' produce their Proofs and Evidence, if they had 
' any, before the Committee ; it is anfwered, That 
4 the Perfons brought up to the Bar were, by their 
' own Confcffion in this Article, immediately dif- 
4 charged. What Need then was there, or to what 
4 Puipofe was it, to bring any fuch Proofs againft 
- 4 them, whenas the Clemency of the Houfe dif- 
4 charged them ? 

4 In a Word : It is moft demonstrable it was the 
4 Parliament's Indulgence, not the Innocency of 
' feveral, if not all, of thofe who were queftioned, 

* which brought them off from Punifhment ; and 

* it were to be wifhed, in regard of thefe and their 

* fubfequent Proceedings, that fome Proportion of 
4 Meeknefs and Ingenuity towards the Houfes, 
4 did accompany fo much profefied Integrity, as 
4 is vaunted of by the Framers of this Article and 
4 Pamphlet. 

4 To the tenth Article, which charges Mr. Hol- 
4 les. Sir Philip Stapylton, Sir William Lewis, Sir 

* William Waller, Sir "John Clotutortby^ and Major- 

* General Maffey^ to have been Inflrumcnts in objlnu- 

* ting the Relief of Ireland ; and then relates fome 
' Paffages of theirs in the Houfe, (which could 

* not be difcovered to the Army by any but 

* Members, contrary to their Oath and Duty, an 
' high Violation of the Houfes Privileges) they fay, 

* That they have faithfully, cordially, and indu- 
' ftrioufly, at all Times, p.nd upon all Occafions, to 

* tin beft of their Underftandings, promoted the 

* Service of that poor bleeding Kingdom ; that 

4 they 

tf ,E N,G L A N D; i 3 i 

* they did deiive Supplies might have gone in an An. 21 Car. I, 
' intire Body out of the Army, und that as fpeedily '-^ 

* as poflibly could be; io as fome of them tcck '"" jj iy< 

* the Boldnefb to move, That Sir Thomas Fairfax 
' might have been Tent tbJther ; which not fuc- 
' ceeding, yet the Houle refolving ei^ht Regiments 

* of Foot, four of Horfe, and one of Dragoons 
' fhould be fent out ot the Annv. they, as zealouf- 
' ly as they could, t-ndeavouieJ the putting of it iri 

* Execution, and attended the Committee to which 

* it was referred conitantly and diligently : And they 
' doubt not but the: great Go-'!, \v\\o v, ill not be 

* mocked, will judge them <,;co: Jin;: to their Deierts 
' who have obhVudted it, by difcountehahcing and 

* affronting them who offered to embrace that Ser- 
1 vice at the Convention of Officers, March 22, 

1646 (/";, by caihiering, afiaultin'-, and turning out 

* of their Quarters fuch as declared thej^ Readinefs 
' for that Service, under the ignominious Notion 

* of Deferters of the Army, and as Men untrue 

* to the common Intereft of the Soldiers ; and by 

* a poiitive Declaration, That what/never faithful 

* Commander flwuld be appointed for the Service of 

* Ireland, they mitft J})eiv tbcmfelves averfe to that 

* Service, as is exprefled in a Letter of the Agita- 

* tors to Lieutenant-General Cromwell^ dated faril 
30, 1647. And, in Truth, Col. Robirt Ham- 
' m&nd's high and unreafonable Propofitioni con- 
' cerning the prefent Service of Ireland, viz. That 
' the Time of his Employment : , and thofe of this Army 

* going with him in this Service, exceed not two or 

* three Months at the furtkejl \ thai the Forces going 

* over with him be not obliged to any otUr Service 

* ^vhatfoevr, more than the pojftjjing or dej ending 
' of Dublin ; that Col. Hammond himfelf may have 

* the Command of the Garrifon of Dublin, and all 

* the Forces in it during the Jaid Term ; that Ship- 
' P in g he ready in tie Harbour of Dublin, iiittu- 
' ailed at the Parliament's Charge, -with fujjhlent 

(f) See 3 Vindication of 167 Officers that are come off from the 
Army, and the printed Petition of the Officers to Sir Tbcmas Fair" 
fax. Notts in the Original. 

I 2 * Lonvoj 

132 T^be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. = 3 Car. I. ' Convey, fourteen Days before the Expiration of the 

lfe 47. ^ *jaidTertn, to tr-.W' port the laid Forces back again for 

' En<Jund, &c. and th'it upon other Terms than thefe 

' he d:i>< t* the Number wo^'ld not be confiderable that 

* wotiidgo over for that Space^ cle:;rly ckmonftrates 

* his and ihe Army's flrange Av.rfcnefs to Ireland's 

* Relief; and that all they aimed at, was but to 
' poflefs themfelves of Dublin for the prefent, for 

* what Ends, themfelves and their Proceedings fmce 

* can beft difcover. 

' The Informations which they gave into the 

* Houfe, concerning the engagements of divers Of- 
' ficers both of Horfe and Foot for the Relief of 

* Ireland^ they avow to be true ; but are extremely 

* mifreprefented in this Article ; For whereas it is 
falfly fuggeft'd, That they informed the Houfe that, 
c by their Pocurement^ there were fifty Companies of 
1 Foot and len Troops of Horfe of the Army ingaged 
' for that Service upon the Terms propounded by the 
' Parliament^ the Truth is, That divers Officers 

* of Horfe, relating to fo many Troops, and feme 
' of the Officers of about fifty Companies of Foot 

* were, by Subfcription, perfonal Promife, or Af- 
4 furahce from others, really and truly ingaged, as 

* may appear by the Report made unto the Houfe, 

* unto which they refer themfelves ; but afterwards 

* many were drawn off again by the Artifice of 

* thofe who, though they pretended Ireland's Re- 

* lief, have their Ends rather upon the Confufion of 

* England than the Relief of Ireland, as their Pro- 

* ceedings do manifeft. 

' Concerning the Subfcriptions of Col. Butler^ 
' Lieutenant Colonel Jackfon, Major Gooday^ and 
' others, for that Service, fuppofcd to be procured 

* in Delufion of the Parliament, to miflead it into 

* a vain- Imagination of a Strength out of the Army, 

* which had nothing of Reality in it, in regard 

* thofe Officers did then declare their Unwilling- 
* nefs to go- into Ireland upon any Terms whatfo- 

* ever ; truly we conceive that Declaration from 
' the Officers, bearing Date the 22d of March, 
' will fuiHeiently clear both from any diftionour- 

4 able 

of E N G L A N D. 133 

* able Combination ; wherein it will appear that they An. 23 g att j 4 
' obliged ;hemfelves no further, than either to in- l6 47* 

* gage in their own Perfons, or to improve their In- T""""" / 
' terefts in their refpe&h e Commands, for that Ser- *" y ' 

* vice j which lad Obligation they have made good 

* like Men of Honour. 

' As for thofe Officers of Col. Bu'Ier's ard Sir 
' Hardrefs Waller's Regiment; their Names mi^ht 
' be given in by thofe who knew, or might juitly 
,fuppofe, that their Inclinations led them to embrace 
' that Service ; if their Friends were miftaken in 
' them, or their Minds fince altered, we know not 

* what Crime can be imputed to any. 

' Lieut. Col. Farnngton was never prefentu! by 
' them to the Houfe as a Lieutenant-Colonel of the 
' Army, and ingaging for himfelf and his Regiment 
' for Ireland , but only as a Gentleman that had 

* formerly held the Quality of Lieutenant Colo- 
4 nel ; and yet did retain a very great and dderved 
' Intereft in that Regiment, and with whom they 
' conceived the Regiment would be very willing to 

* engage. 

' To the eleventh, which charges Sir Philip 
Stapylton, Mr. Holies, Sir John dotwcrtbv, Sir 

* William Leivis, Major-General Ma/ey, Sir Wil- 

* liam Waller, and Mr. (jlynne^ with commanding 
' Part of three Regiments, advanced frr Ireland 
'from Bromfgrove in Worcefterftiire, back to Read- 

* ing with an evil Intent to draw Forces together 

* for a new War, and this being done upon the 
' Sabbath-Day ; they anfwer, That, out of their 
' Zeal to promote the Service for Ireland, they 
' met at all Times when they were fummoned at 
1 Derby Houfe, where the Council fat early and 
*late, and fome Times pn the Sabbath-Day, be- 

* ing in Truth a Work of the greateft Piety and 
' Mercy ; which certainly was not for their Eafe; 

* and they hope rather a Merit, than to be reput- 
4 cd a Crime : That that Bufmefs was tranfafted 

* at a full Committee, whether upon the Sabbath 

* Day or no they know not ; but they know, and 

* affirm, that the Reafon why thole Regiments; 

I 3 * wer 

I 34 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. ' were ordered to come to Reading, was only that 

^ I6 *7' ^ Money might be lent to them for their Pay ; 

,\ ' the Officers reprefenting to the Committee the 

* gieat Neceflities of the Soldiers, and that where 

* they were then quartered in Worjlerjbire, they 
' did not know how to convey it thither with Safe- 

* ty, in regard it muft pafs through the Quarters 

* of the Army, who had exprefled great Difplea- 

* fure to thofe Forces which were drawn off for 
' Ireland ; and the Committee was the rather iri- 

* duced to it, becaufe they knew the Money which 
' was fent to Oxford^ for difbanr'ing a Regiment 
f there quartered, when, upon their Refufal to dif- 

* band, it %ya$ ordered to be brought back, was 

* violently taken away by the Soldiers from thofe 
' intrufted with that Service ; and the Committee 
' feared fome fuch Attempt for the intercepting of 

* this Money, which occafioned thnt calling back 

* to Reading ; and not any fuch Defign as is moft 
c moft falfly and malicioufly, in the Article fug- 

' To the twelfth, wherein Sir John Clotwort'hy 

* is faid to to have c:rw_rted Jtverat great Sums of 

* Money to his pariicuLr Uft in ike Tears 1642, 
' 1 643, 1 644, and fence ; which, by frueral Orders of 

* Parliament , and of the Iriih Committee were defigned. 

* for the Relief of Ireland ; firft, he anfwereth, 

* That he never received any Money from the 

* Beginning of the War until this Day for the 

* Relief of Ireland in general ; but only for the 

* particular Charge he hath in that Kingdom, 
f wherewith he was honoured in the Begih- 

* ning of the War by a fpecial Order of Parlia- 

* ment. 

* And for the particular Sums in thnt Article 
< fupgefted to be received by him in Money, he 

* faith, That he never received any fuch Money, 

* and was fo far from making any prrticular Ufe 

* of fuch, either Money orProvifton?, as were Je r 

* figned for fupporting the Soldiers uaJcr his Care, 

* to their Prejudice in the Jeait Degree, that he 

* hath difburfed above 3000 /. out of his own Porfe, 


^ENGLAND. 135 

c and by his Credit, for their Support and Relief, An> 2 3 <^ r 

* more than was received. 

' He further faith, That for the Sum of 280 /. 
' in the Article mentioned, by an Account delivered 

* to the Committee of Accounts in June 1644, 

* he was fo far from intending the lead Prejudice, 

* either to the State here, or that Kingdom of 
' Ireland* that, amon^ft other Sums, he charged 

* himfelf with the faid 280 /. for twenty Buts of 
4 Sack, which he fhould have received from one 

* Wbitcot ; who failing therein, the faid Sir John 

* converted the Credit of the Ordinance for the faicj 
4 280 /. into Cloaths for his Soldiers, as, upon full 

* Examination and Debate feveral Years fince had 

* thereof, before the Committee of Accounts, may 
' appear. 

* And by the faid Account he is likewife cl 
1 with 300 /. in the Article mentioned for one 

* hundred and twenty Pair of Piftols, the moil 
4 whereof he exchanged, by Order, out of the 

* Stores of this Kingdom for Firelocks, which he 

* fent over to the Soldiers of his Regiment, and the 

* Remainder of the faid Pii'rols were d?livered to 

* his Troop ; and he never converted any of the 

* faid Piftols to his own I L-, though he conceives 
4 he might have fo done, having ^i/en Allov/iinc .'or 
4 them on his Account : And for the Money for 

* the faid Piftols, as no F.ut thereof ever cau;e 
4 to his Hands, fo he conceives the fam" is yet due 
4 and unpaid to one Abraham Fandent'cind, what 
4 provided the faid Piftols on the Credit of the 
4 State. 

4 For the Sum of 700 /. for 2000 Swords ; he 
4 knoweth nothing thereof, nor ever received any 
4 fuch Sum ; but acknowledged* that he is charged 
'by his faid Account with iy5/. for his Part of. 
4 2000 Swords, which, as the former Sum of 
4 280 /. hath been laid out, with much more of 
4 his own, for the Service of the State ; fo as the 
4 faid Sir "John Clotworthy having prevented the 
' Informers by his Accou-i long fmcc given in, 
' and there remaining fo great a Sum difburfed by 
I 4 hiai 

136 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2-5 Car. I. < him, over and above what lie hat i received, had 

t l6 47- t < he drained any P u c towards his own Diiburfe- 

' T^ * ments, which he onceivcs he might juiHy have 

f done, yet could ii not have been charged againft 

* him for fo heinou^ a Crime, ami that in Profe- 
' cution of the Defign in the geneial Charge men- 
' tioned, as is impertinently laid down in the faid 

* Art cle. 

' And for the other divers Sums of Money, fug- 
f gefted in general to have been R-ceived, from Time 

* to Time, by the faid Sir ^ohr, for the Ufe of Ire- 
' land, which are alledgcd not to be employed as 

* by the feyeral Orders was dii celled and intended; 
f when he knows the Particulars, he hopes to give 

* a fatisfactory Anfwer therein ; and wifhes that 

* fome few of his many Accufers may be able to 

* give as juft an Account for the many Sums they 
' tuve received, in relation to their Employments, 

* as ;ie hath done, and is ready to do, for thofe few 
' Sums directed for his and his Soldiers Support in 

* that hard War of Ireland. 

* And whereas, by this Article, it is fuggefted. 
c Tljat the faid Sir John Clotworthy bath "within 
' two Tears laft pq/1^ received, feveral Sums of Mo- 
' ney, Arms, and either Provisions, for a Troop of 

* Horfe^ which he pretended, he had raifed in Ire- 

* land ; he faith, That he never pretended to have 

* raifed any fuch Troop, though he rnay, with 

* fome Confidence, affirm, he hath, to his great 

* Charge, thefe five Years paft, maintained a Troop 

* of Horfe which was formerly under the Com- 

* maud of Capt. Upton, deceafed, and after his 

* Death conferred on him ; which Troop he hath 

* often recruited fince his Command thereof, be- 

* ing about five Years Space, during which Time 
.? there was never received from the State, in Mo- 

* ney, above feven Weeks Pay, with fome littje 

* Provifions of Clo;iths and Anns, which he duly 
4 returned to the faid Troop, with fome Addition 

* of his own, for their better S.:pp,.cc in Service ; 
f judging it a moft abominable Act to datain any 

of. E N G L A N D. 137 

* Thing at all, efpecially of Co little, defigned for An. 23 car. I 

* fuch neceflitous Soldiers. t |6 47- 

c And whereas, by the latter Part of the Article, ~j"" 

c it is moft fcandaloufly fuggefted, That the /aid Sir 
..' John Clotworthy, for Money and other Rewards y 
e bath preferred John Davis and William Sommers, 
' and others, to be intruded with the Irifli Affairs, 
6 ivho have kept Correspondency with the Enemy^ and 
' and defrauded the State of other great Sums of Money ; 
' and that he hath been privy to, and a Sharer in fuch 
' their Aflion^ he faith, That the faid Charge is 

* moft falfe. and untrue in all the Parts thereof 

* wherein he is concerned : And for the faid IVil- 
' Ham SommerS) he faith, He never preferred him to 
' be intrufted with any of the Irijh Affairs, nor 

* knoweth of any Employment he ever had in that 
' Way ; it being notoriously known he never had 
' fuch Employment fince the Rebellion of Ireland 

* began ; fo as he was not in any Capacity to de- 

* fraud the State. 

The faid Sir John Clotworthy further faith, 
' That John Davis hath been contracted withall 

* for great Proportions of Victuals, Arms, and 

* Cloaths for Ireland^ as a Merchant ; wherein the 

* Committee of both Kingdoms, and the Com- 
c mittee for the Affairs of Ireland^ the Confent of 

* the Houfes firft had, have dealt with him after 

* others refufed fuch Contracts, as he then accept- 
4 ed, and fince performed ; to moft of which the 

. * faid Sir John was not privy, and no Participant 

* at all with the faid John Davis in any of the 

* Particulars contracted for, as is now, and hath 
4 been formerly, in printed Pamphlets falfly fug- 
4 gefted ; but that the faid John Davis was ever 

' * trufted with the Affairs of Ireland other than as a 

* Merchant, (whereby he had the Opportunity, in 

* Performance of his Contracts with the State, to 

* lay out his own Money by great Sums, and get 
f it again as he can, whereof there may be now 
fome Doubt) the faid Sir Jobn Cioiivsrthy b 
totally Ignorant. 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

4 To rhe thirteenth Aitirle, wherein, among 
4 other Things, fecret Intelligence to have been held 
4 with the Lord of Ormond, by Cypher y is laid to 
1 the Charge of the faid Sir John Clotv/orthy, his 

* Anfwer is, That he, together with Sir Thomas 
(l-hfi'-t-in^ Sir Rtbe.rt King, Sir Robert Meredith^ 

* and Richard Salway, Efq; or any three of them, 
' being appointed Commiflioners, but not jointly 

* as is pretended, to treat with the Lord of Or- 

* mond y for the Delivery of the Sword, &c. of the 

* City of ^Dublin ; after four Days Treaty, accord- 

* ing to their Inftru<5Hons ; the Treaty not taking 
' Efre&, the Commiilioners refolved, That three 

* of them fhould go for Belfa/l^ and two of them 

* come to London : And whilft the Commiflioners 

* were in Preparation for their Departure, upon 
' feveral juft and warrantable Occafions, they re- 

* paired jointly and feverally to the Lord of Or- 

* mend, who feemed to be much troubled that the 

* Treaty took no Effc<5t ; profefling the only Caufe 
' thereof to be the Want of the King's A/Tent, 

* which he faid he hoped to gain ; defirin ; to 
4 have it fo prefented to the Parliament, and that 
4 he might acquaint the Parliament, and the Com- 
' mifiioners then going for Belfafl^ with the King's 
' Anfwer ; and, left Letters {hould be intercepted 

* by the Rebels, there was a Cyher ageeed on, 
' which was known to feveral of the Commiflioners 

* when it was delivered, and of which the faid Sir 
' John minded the other Commiflioners at Belfa/i 

* after their Arrival there, and before any Thing 
c was written by the fame from the Lord of Or- 

* mond; and, about a Fortnight afterwards, the 

* Lord of Ormond, by the Means of one Capt. 

* Ward, conveyed a little open Paper in Cypher, 
' directed to the faid Sir John Clotworthy ; who, 
4 as foon as he received it, did communicate the 
6 fame to the reft of the Commiflioners ; which 

* being decyphered, there was thereby intimated, 

* That he was more than hopeful they mould 

* fhortly hear from him to their Content ; to which 

* the Commiflioners return'd an Anfwer, That they 


of ENGLAND. 139 

(hould be glad to hear of the Content he was An. 23 Car. I. 

* hopeful to give : With all which, and the other v , 

' Tranfaclions of that Affair, the Committee of j u]yt 

4 Derby-Houfe were made acquainted, and reported 

* the fame to both Houfes before Sir John Clotivor- 
1 thy came out of Ireland ; and the Houfes, having 

* approved of the Carriage and Endeavours of the 

* Commiflioners upon the whole Tranfa&ion of 
c the Bufmefs, have long fmce fo far owned them 
' therein, that they have given Thanks unto them 

* for the fame. 

* This being the only Particular wherein the 

* faid Sir John CIsiwortby is, by this Article, char- 
' ged to have held Intelligence with the Lord of 

* Ormond'y and that being by the Advice of the 

* reft of the Commiffioners, in Manner as afore- 

* faid, and for fo good an End, as the giving his 
4 Lordfhip an Opportunity of new Application to 

* the Parliament for rendering to them the City of 
4 Dublin and the other Garrifons under his Com- 
' mand ; which hath, fmce that Time, taken Effect 
4 accordingly, to the exceeding great Advantage 
4 and Strengthning of this Kingdom's Intereft in 

* Ireland ; the faid Sir John Clotworthy leaves it to 

* the Judgment of all equal minded Men, whe- 

* ther or no there be any juft Caufe to exhibit fuch 
4 a Charge againft him for the fame, efpecially by 
' an Army pretending fuch good Affe&ions to Ire- 

* land's Welfare. 

' For the other Part of the faid Article, con- 
4 cerning the faid Sir John Ciotvvorthy's holding In- 
4 tettigence with the Lord Digby ; he dire<5tly de- 
4 nieth any fuch Thing, as being utterly falfe and 
4 untrue ; for he never faw the faid Lord Digby 
4 thefe many Years but one Night accidentaly, 
4 when being laft at Dublin^ with the otliT Com- 
4 miffioners aforefaid, he was feat to the Caftle of 
4 Dublin, by the faid CommilTioners, conccrn- 
4 ing an Officer of Col. Moore's, that had recei- 
4 ved any Injury by fomt Perfons that related to 

* the Lord of Ormond ; at which Time the faid 

* Lord Digby came into the Room where he was, 

4 but 

1 40 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. * 3 Car. I. < but he had no Difcourfe with him in 'private, 

^___ __, ' nor at all, other than common Talk, ftveral 

juiy. ' Pcrfcns S-mg pi lent: Nerher hath th. faid; Sir 

' John Cistworthy^ fmce the far Lord Digby deferted 

' the Parliament, ever exchanged Letter, Mtfiage, 

* or Word with him, dire&ly or indirectly, other- 
' wile, or at any other Time, than is hereby 

' And whereas, by this Article, it is charged, That, 
' in order to fuch Jecret Intelligence, (of which he 

* admires a whole Army rending in England fhould 
' have fuch certain and public Notice, as to make 

* it a pofitive Charge, and undertake to prove it upon 

* Oath, were it fo fecr, : as thev charge it, as the 
' Article ailedgeth to have been held by the faid Sir 
' 'John Clotworthy, with the faid Lord Digby) the 

* Lord of Ormond and the faid Lord Digby) lately 
' employed one Slingfby, who, as the Article faith, 
' pretends a Defigns about the Prince^ to come into this 
' Kingdom ; the faid Sir John Clotworthy utterly 

* denietii to have had any Thought of any fuch 

* Dehgn or any Knowledge of the faid Sling/by, 
' or of his Coming into the Kingdom untill he 

* heard that one Sling/by^ whom he yet knoweth 

* not, had been examined before the Committee 

* at Derly-Houfe. And the faid Sir John prefum- 

* eth he hath, to the faid Committee, confeffed who 

* employed him, and to whom he was employed 

' To the fourteenth, which charges Sir John 
1 Clotworthy, Mr. Holies, and Sir Philip Stapyltox, 

* with cbjlrufling Articles, exhibited againjl the Lord 
' Inchequin ; calling back the Lord Liftefrom the 
' Government of Ireland ; caufing the Command of the 

* Forces in that Kingdom to be committed to the Lord 
' Inchequin, ha writing a Letter to bis Lordjhip, 
' upon the Receipt whereof he Jhould exprefi he bad 

* Direction to put out all thofe who favoured inde- 
' pendents ; they do fay they were fo far from keep- 
6 ing off any Proceedings upon thofe Articles, that 
c they furthered it all they could, and feveral Times 
' moved it in the Houfe ; being defirous to have all 

* cleared 


c cleared concerning the Lord Incbequin, whom as 

* they believed to be a Man of Honour and Fidelity, 

* fo if, uj-on Examination of his Actions, he ap- 
' peered to be other, they were refolved to declare 
' their Senfe of him accordingly. 

4 As for what concerns the Lord Li/Je, they fay, 

* His Lordfhip's Time expiring, which was bu^ 

* for one Year, either for himfelf or any one elf<? 

* to continue in that Command, the Parliament 
' was pleafed to difpofe of the Affairs of Ireland in 
' another Way; in the Agitation whereof in the 
' Houfe they went according to their Judgments 
' and Confciences, without refpeciing any Perfon 

* living. 

' For the Command of the Forces of that King- 
c dom, which, as to the Lord Incbequin y can only 

* be underftood of Munjler^ they do not know that 
' ever any Thing was here done in it at all, there 

* having been no Occafion for it, as to their Know- 

* ledge : And as for the Letter mentioned to have 
' been written by them, or any of them, or from 

* fome other Perfon by their, or all of their, Di- 

* reclion, they fay, As it is altogether uncertain and 
' illegal, fo it is a mere Fiction (for they never did 

* any fuch Thing) ; and tends to draw the Odium 

* of Independents upon them ; to whole Advance- 
' ment, both in Ireland and elfewhere, they fear 

* they may prove obftrudlive, as this Article clearly 
"* infmuates. 

' To the fifteenth, Sir JVilllam Lewis and Mr. 
c Glynne fay, That the Order of the 3Oth of April, 
''in the Article mentioned, (if there were any 
4 fuch) relates to them only as Members of the 
"* Committee, for whom they intend not to anfwer : 
' But in Truth there was no fuch Order j it was 

* only a Report, not an Order, and intended only 
4 for the County of Caertnartben^ however it came 

* to pafs the Words were general ; and that was 

* done in order to be reported to the Houfe, and 
' accordingly was reported, and after repealed by 
' the Committee as they were informed. And as 

* for the publifhing and fending thereof unto every 

4 Committee 

142 7 'he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a 3 Car. I.. c Committee in Wales ^ they know nothing there-* 
1647. < f ,-. ^either was it done by their, or euher of their, 

' Directions or Confents. 

'To the fixteenth Article, Sir lyiUiarn Lewis 
' dcnieth his protecting any Delinquents in South- 
' Wales, as is untruly alledged. 

* And as for the Earl of Carbery ; he did no more 

* than move in the Houfe of Commons to make 
' good what Major-General Laugharn had pro- 
mifed and prefled for on his Behalf, by his Letters 

* to the Speaker and Committee of both Kingdoms ; 
c reprefenting the Advantages that came to the Par- 
4 liament by his Conformity, and how it would 

* further their Service to oblige him. 

' For Mr. Carew of Glamorgan and Mr. Herbert 
( of Brecknockjhire ; after their long Imprifonment, 
' they being upon their Compofitions at Goldfnatbs 

* Hall, he did but move the afcertaining of their 

* Fines, according to the Rules prefcribed to the 
e Committee there ; having obferved that Delays 

* brought a Prejudice both to the Parliament and 
' the Parties fequeftered, by abufing the one in 

* their Authority, the other in their Eftates. And 

* for Mr. Herbert ; after his Sight of fome high 

* Articles drawn up againft him by Mr. Rumfey, 
c he never fpake in his Behalf, and he yet conti- 
' nues a Prifoner in Ely-Houfe. For Mr. Morgan 

* of Brecknokfliire; he is one the faid Sir William 

* hath ever ufed with no more than a Civility fuit- 
' able to their being Countrymen, and of many 
' Years Acquaintance ; which he believes no goo4 

* Man can look on as an Offence. For Mr. Givyn 
and Mr. Lewis of Radnor Jkire^ two of the Com- 

* mittee in that County, and thofe that, by Major- 
' General Laugbarn's Certificate and Col. Birch's 

* public Teftimony, had furthered the reducing of 
' that County ; he did but publickly move in the 
' Houfe that fome Difputes concerning them, and 
' fome Differences between them and others of the 

* Committee for that County, might be referred 

* to the Committee for Gloucejier^ fit ing in Chan- 

* nel-Row ; which he did out of his Defire to iervc 

i * the 

^ENGLAND. 143 

* the Parliament, by keeping Peace in thofe remote An. 23 Car. 
' Parts, and for no Ends at all of his own. 

* And further faith, He was never fo much as 
e prefent at any Debate concerning the Sequeftration 

* of any other Perfon whatever in either of the fore- 
4 mentioned Counties, fave thofe above-named { 

* nor ever fo much as motioned to any Member of 

* either' Houfe, Committee-Man or other, either 
4 the Remitting; or favourable Compounding with 
4 any, upon any Terms not warrantable by the Rules 
4 prefcribed, or their compounding with any that 
4 were incapable thereof; nor ever did animate or 

* encourage any, fmce this unhappy Difference, to 
4 continue their Fidelity to the King's Caufe, by 

* promifing them, that, if they would engage their 
4 Friends with the King for him, he and his 
4 would be their Friends in the Parliament, as is 
4 untruly fuggefted ; looking upon that kind of 
c Conditioning as a Thing below the Thoughts of 

* a Gentleman. 

* What the Delinquents in thofe Parts fay of 
4 him, or how they look upon him, or how they or 
4 any others look upon thofe that charge him, or 
4 what (hall be his or their Lot at his Majefty's 
4 Coming to London, he is ignorant of; but hopes 
4 that a little Time will difcover both him and them 
4 in their true Colours ; and wifheth every Man's 
4 Return may be according to the Singlenefs and 
4 Integrity of his Affections to the public Peace and 
4 Welfare of the Kingdom. 

4 And farther he faith, That there being an Or- 
4 der for the Nomination of Juftices of the Peace 
4 for the County of Brecknock, he humbly named 
4 Mr. Roger Faughan, now High Sheriff of that 

* County, to be added to the Committee formerly 

* named by the Houfe ; alfo Mr. Meredith Lewis, 
4 Mr. George Parrey, and Mr. Edward TFJHiams, as 
4 the fitteft Perfons he knew of to fupply the Ne- 
4 ceflity there was of Juftices in that County : And 
4 although he cannot fay that when the Kind's 

* Forces had a Power in thofe Parts, but that ma- 
4 ny of them may have done that which is not juf- 

* tifiable, 

he Parliamentary H i g T 6 R Y 

' tifiable ; y et for his Brother Mr - 'Thomas Lents* 
' who was formerly one of the Committee, he is 
July. * confident his Innocency is equal with any Man's* 
' in that County, and his Sufferings as great as any 

* of double his Fortune inhabiting there j he ha- 

* ving been carried Pirfoner, by Sir William 
' Faughan's Command, to Ludlow-Caftle with 
' one Mr. Hugh IPiUiams^ where they continued 
' till he laid down eight fcore Pounds for their En- 
' largement ; and he can confidently affirm that 
' no Man is left out of Commiffion, that any ho- 
c neft Man can pretend, either by his Eftate or 
c Affections to the Parliament, to deferve to be 

* therein employed ; and he could heartily wifh 
' that he or they that gave Information on this Ar- 
' tide, would have advifed who elfe fhould have 
" been recommended for Committee-Men or Juf- 

* tices. And for Mr. Edward Williams being 

* made Sollicitor ; his Commiflion was delivered 
' upon Certificate from three of the four Gentle - 
c men who are the only Perfons refident in the 
' County of thofe that are named for the Com- 

* mittee there; and he believes he hath been fo 
1 careful in his Duty that neither Corruption nor 

* Remiflhefs can be juflly charged or proved againft 

And the faid Sir William faith, That his Son 
' was chofen Burgefs for the Borough of Brecknock 
' by the unanimous Aflent of the Burgefles, who 

* adjudged him a fit Perfon to fervc for them ; and 
' his Fitnefs for that Place he dcfires may be de- 

* termined of by thofe amongft whom he hath the 
' Honour to fit, who have feen his Demeanor, 

* and are the only proper Judges thereof; but that 

< he kept the Writ eight Months in his Cuftody, 

* in order thereto, is moft untrue ; for at his being 

< in Erecbwckjhire in "July 1646, having carried the 

* Writ down with him ; and finding, at Ragland, 

* that Worcejler was then but upon Delivery to the 

* Parliament, and that the Commiffioners of Peace 
' for that County were thofe that continued in their 

* Authority by their old CommhIIon, he thought 

gf ENGLAND. 145 

* it then no fit Time for a public Meeting in that An. 23 car. I. 
5 Town upon fuch an Occafion, left fome ill v 

' Confequence might have followed thereon ; and 

* thereupon, at his Return, acquainted Mr. Pri- 
' deaux, one of the then Commiflioners for the 
4 Great Seal, therewith ; and, with his Approba- 

* tion, returned the Wfit to Mr. Scobel, the Re- 
4 ^ifter, in whole Cufrody it continued till he cal- 
4 led for it again fome five Weeks before the 
4 Eledion. 

1 To the feventeenth Article the faid Sir 7^77- 

* Ham Lewis aiknowledgeth that, by the Ever-ho- 
' nourable the Earl of EJfex's Commiilion, and the 

* Approbation of both Houfes of Parliament, he 

* was, in the Beginning of thefe Troubles, made 

* Governor of PGi'tfmouth ; though not only with- 
4 out his Defire but againft it, as it is well known 

* to Sir John Evelyn of Wilts, a Member of the 
* Honourable Houfe of Commons : That during' 
4 his Service there he received much of the Public 

* Treafure, for which he gave fuch an Account, 

* as that he had his Difcharge from the Commit- 
' tee for Accounts, bearing Date the >5th Day of 
c March, 1644 : And the faid Committee, coming 

* to the Houfe of Commons wi:h their Certificates 

* of that Account and others, did there publickly 
' atteft it to be both juft and frugal; whereupon 

* the Houfe was fo favourable as to vote, on the 
third of April, 1645, f ^ e ' r Approbation of his 
4 Account fo prefented unto them j and to order 
' That the Committee of the Revenue Jkould, with 
' their fooncjl and bcjl Ccnvsniency, pay unto him 

* the Sum ^"415!. i6s. 8d. part of ^ubfft remained 

* due unto him upon bis faid Account, as appeared 
by the Certificates above-mentioned ; which evi- 
'.dently difproves that Part of the Charge, which 

* doth molt unjuftly accufe him for not accounting, 
4 of which he believes his greateft Acculers are h;r 

* more guilty than himklf, fmce he never heard 
of any Certificate " made to the Houfe of their 

* Accounts. 

VOL, XVI, K And 

1'he Parliament dry H I s T o R y 

' And whereas he is likewife charged, while he 
was Governor there, frequently to havt held Cor* 
rcfpondency and Intelligence with the King's Party, 
about the Delivery t(p of the faid Garrifon : Some 
fuch Afperfions having been very undefervedly 
raj fed on him, during his Command there, the 
Committee of Lords and Commons for the Safety 
of the Kingdom were pleafed to write to him to 
come up to Lomkn, by their Letter dated the 8th 
of J:me 1643 ; where the faid Sir William pref- 
fmg, by his Importunity, the faid Committee and 
Earl of Efjex that they would examine whatever 
could be alledged againft: him, to punifh' him if 
faulty, and rj^ht him. if injured ; upon the Earl 
of Efleifs Letter to the faid Committee, after a 
full Examination of the Bufmefs, the Committee, 
by their Letter, gave his Lordfhip this Accouut 
following : 

Weftminfter, July 29, 1643. 
May it plcafe your Excellency, 

E hcnjt examined and delated the Bujinefs con- 
cernlng Sir William Lewis, as your Lord/trip 
did d.:firc ; and out of all thofi Jcaloufics and Alle- 
gations which have been offered againft him, there 
amounts nothing, as we can gather, which can de- 
rogate from his Honour, or the public Confidence 
repofed in him in his Command at PortfmoutH. This 
Account we render to your Excellency, as well to an- 
f-Mf.r that winch bath been referred to us by your Ex- 
cellency's Letter, <?; that tubicb is required from us- 
ly Sir William Lewis's Innocency. This being the 
State of this Bufmefs, it is left in the Hands of your 
Excellency to repair this worthy Gentleman in what 
Manner you /bail plcafe ; and fa we take our Leave, 

ftnd re J* Your Excellency's 

very affec~lionare Friends 

and humble Servants, 




rf N G L A N b. i 47 

* The which Letter being carried to his Excel- An a3 car. 1. 
1 lency, after his Perufal thereof, he wifhed the faid 1647- 

* Sir William Lewis to repair again to Portfmouth^ ^TT"""* ' 

* and to take Care thereof ; but he having vindicated J y * 
' his Innocency, and to manifeft how little he re- 

4 garded either Places of Honour or Gain, (which 
c others afpire to) defired to be excufed, and quit* 

* ted the Employment. 

4 Why, or upon what Grounds, the faid Sir Wtl* 
4 liami with divers other Perfons who faithfully fer- 
4 ved the Parliament, was left out of the Proclama* 
4 tion mentioned, he knoweth not, being no ways 

* privy to their Councils, nor what his Majefty was 

* pleafed to fay of him ; but this heknoweth^ and 

* 'tis generally known to that Part of Hampjhire 

* where he lived, that, about Oflober, 1643, there 

* was plundered from him by the King's Party to 

* the Value of betv/een 2 and 3000 /. by means 
4 whereof, his Lands being unftocked, he made not 

* three Pence of them in three Years. For his 

* Eftate in Brecknockflnre, which, by the Charge, is 
' allowed to be worth about 600 /. per Ann-urn^ it was 
c not held worth fequeftering in thofe Parts, in re* 
e gard of the Taxes hid upon it; and during the 

* Time of the Troubles he made little Profit of his 
4 Eftate there or elfewhere. 

* And as it is no Argument that fome Malignants 

* in Arms againft the Parliament did hold Corre- 

* fpondency with them, becaufe their Eftates in 

* fome Places have not been yet fequeftered, through 

* Negligence of the Officers, or Want of Evi- 

* dence ; fo he prefumes it can be no Proof of his 

* complying with the King or his Party, in the 

* Judgment of any indifferent Perfon, or of his 

* Accufers (who now profefs their Correfpondency 

* with his Majefty without the Houfes Privity, in 

* their late printed Letter, of July 8, 1647 (g)^ to 
4 both Houfes) becaufe he was not fequeftered upon 

* the fame or any fuch like Occafion ; which, for 

* ou^ht he knowi;, may be the Cafe of fome other 
6 well-affe&ed Members. 

fg) In this Volume, p. loj. 

K 2 As 

1 48 the Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car.i. . As concerning Col. Price's Eftate; upon the 

l6 -*-7- c fad Complaint of Mrs. PnV<? of her Necefiitics, 

" L \'f v ~ * he wrote a Letter to the Committee only to allow 

' unto her the fifth Part of her Hufband's Eftate, 

4 according to the Ordinance of Parliament in that 

4 Behalf, and to reftore her Wearing Apparel which 

4 been taken from her, (an Extremity he had 

4 not heard of before ufed to any other) which he 

4 hopes his Accufers, who now defire Juftice for, 

1 and Indulgence towards, Delinquents, which 

* they charge as a Crime in others, cannot diflike : 

4 Bat for the letting of Col. Price's Eftate, he did 

4 not intermeddle therein ; but believes the Ten- 

' ant that rents it at 50 /. per Annum pays a full 

4 Value for it to the State, confidering it is charged 

4 with Annuities of I2O/. per Annum ifluing out 

4 of it, his Wife's fifth Part, and all Taxes and 

4 Contributions. 

4 The laid Mr. Glynne, as to the Charge in the 
4 fixteenth Article, whereby he is charged To pro- 
4 cure jcviTal Persons that have been Com?nijjioners 
4 of Array in North Wales, to be named in Commif- 
^ fans of Peace, and other Places of greater Truji and 
4 Command, faidi, The Article gives not any In- 
4 ftance of any fuch Pcrfon that he hath procured 
4 to be named a Juftice of Peace, or any other 
4 Place of Truft or Command, except Col. Glynnc, 
4 his Brother, made Governor of the Town and 
4 Caftle of Caernarvon. And for the faid Col. 

* Glynne, he averrs he was never any Colonel in 
4 the King's Army, but conftantly declared his 
4 Affection to the Parliament; and for that Caufe 
4 he was, in the Beginning of the Troubles, bc- 
4 fieged in his own Houfe, with Cannon planted 

* Rg&tnil it ; where he was taken Piifoner, his 

* Arms feized upon, himfelf charged with Treafon, 
4 and intended to be proceeded againft at Shrew f- 
1 bury, had not fome Perfons interpofed and pro- 
4 cured his Enlargement, upon Security that he 
4 fhould not bear Arms for the Parliament: And 
4 as he hath fuffered for his ArTeclion to the Par- 

4 liamentj 

of E N G L A N D. 149 

* Kament, fo he hath advantageoufly acted for them, An. 23 car. I. 

* by inviting Major-General Mitton to come, t ^ 

* into North-Wales ; joining his Forces with the j u u" 

* faid Major-General, and relieving the Parlia- 

* ment's Forces with Money ; by reafon whereof 

* the County and Caftle of Caernarvon was reduced 
' to the Parliament's Obedience of whole emi- 

* nent Services the Houfe of Commons took fpe- 
c cial Notice, in a Letter written unto him ; and, 
c for Recompence or" his Sufferings for the Parlia- 
4 ment, and the great Service done for them, he 

* was made Governor of Caernarvon^ for the Safety 

* of thofe Parts, and Encouragement of the Well- 
affeaed there. 

* To the eighteenth Article, whereby Mr. Glynne 

* is charged To have taken Rewards of fever al Per- 
4 Jons for Service done i'jcm in the Houfe ; and^ in par- 
4 ticular, 100 1. paid unto bis ll'ife by the Drivers of 
4 Wales, for Service done them, he faith, That the 

* fame is a falfe and flanderous Charge : And .for 

* the iooA fuppofed t> be given to his Wife, who 

* is dead and cannot anfwer for herfelf, the fame is 
' untrue ; for Mr. Glynne lent thole poor Men 100 L 

* out of his own Money, to find them Bread, 

* which was afterwards repaid him, when they pro- 

* cured Money upon the Credit of the Excife, as 

* will be juHiricd by many Perfons of Quality j 

* befides which there was no other ioo/. that came 
' to his Wife's Hands. 

' To the nineteenth Article, Mr. Glynne anfwers, 
*yzr/?, concerning Delinquents, That the Charge is 
4 general, and therefore he can make no particular 
4 Aniwer, but generally not guikv. 

Secondly^.*- Concerning the putting out of the 

- * Militia j That he w r as no way concerned in it ; 

' they were prefcnted bv the Common-Cound], 

4 and chofcn there when he was not prefent, and 

4 afterwards approved by both Houfcs j and he 

* cannot take upon hi in to give Kcali-n-, i> juftify 

* the Adts of both Houfes or the Coaimor.-Coun- 
. -* cil, who are only impeached b / tjiis Charge, and 

K ^ ' * v ^ 4 muft 

l$o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. ( mu ft pj eac } not guilty of intermedling with putting 
. ' 4 ?' , ' in or putting out. 

July. * To the twentieth Article, where it is faid, 

1 That Sir Philip Stapylton, Mr. Holies, and Sir 
' William Lewis, have, by their Power and Coun- 
' tenance, obftrutied "Jujlice in the Caufe between 
' Alderman Langham and Captain Limery, and that 
' of John Gunter; they an r wer, That Mr. Holies 

* and Sir Philip Stapylion, being one Afternoon in 

* the Court of Rtquffh, heard that the Houfe of 
' Peers were then to fit, which made them go to 

* fee what theQccafiop was ; and, coming into the 
' Lobby, found there the Earl of Rutland, who 

* told them their Houfe met about a great Bufinefs 
' betwixt Langham and Limery, and fotne Dif- 
' courfe pa/led concerning it; when Mr. Holies and 

* Sir Philip StaplyUn laid, They underflood that 

* the Merits of the Caufe was not at all in Que- 
* ftion, only the entertaining of it upon an Ap- 
' peal, which they conceived was the common 

* Juftice of the Kingdom, and not to be denied to 

* any ; which having faid, they went away ; nor 

* was it done in fecret, but fpolcen publickly, and 
' in the Hearing of fome of the Counfel for Limery : 

* And they do utterly deny the fpealcing of any fuch 
4 Words as are alledged to be faid by them ; for 

* they were fo far from engaging their Intereft in it 
' as they do not to this Day know what the Lords 

* did upon it. And Sir fPtlNtni Lewis doth abfo- 
' lutely deny his being there prefent at all, when 
4 any fuch Conference was with the Earl of Rui- 
' land; ?md cannot but obferve there {hould be 

* that Significancy attributed to his Prefence and 
' Gefture, as thereby to difcover his Thoughts 
' and Inclinations, efpecially when he was not 

* there in Perfbru And as for the Caufe inftanced 

* concerning John Gunter, he conceives it to be a 

* Suit depending in Chancery betwixt the Father 
' and Son, tjoth nearly related to him, but no fur- 
4 ther proceeded in than to Bill and Anfwer, that 

* he knows of; and what Influence his Counte- 

* ri ^ n /-* 


cf ENGLAND. 151 

* fifcftce could have, fo early Days in the Beginning An * 2 3 Car - ' 
of a Suit, let all the WoVld judge. ~~ 

* To the twenty-firft Article, which concerns 
4 Mr. Nicbott only', he faith, That although his 
' Election was voted to be void by the Committee 

* of Privileges, whofe meer Votes exclude no 

* Members from fitting in the Houfe, where no 

* WitnefTes were heard on his Behalf; yet he con- 

* ceives his good, and hopes it will be 
4 thought fo by the Houfe when they hear a true 

* State of the Caufe. And whereas they object, 

* it hath lain four Years unreported ; Mr. Nicholl 
* appeals unto the Houfe, and that worthy Gen- 

* tleman in whofe Hand that Report lay, being 
4 never profecuted by his Competitor, whether he 

* hath not endeavoured to have that Report made, 

* and the Bufmcfs determined ; and {lill continues 
' his humble Requeft to the Houfe for the fpeedy 

* determining of the fame. 

' To the fccond Claufe Mr. Nicbsll anfwers, 
' That he never uftd any Threats, Menaces, or in- 

* dirccl Practices, for the bringing in of any Mem- 

* bers, either out of Cornwall or any other Country 
4 in the Wejl : And it is well known that thofe 
4 worthy Gentlemen there eiecled,and now excepted 

* againlt, were fairly and duly chofeu by their own 
'* Intereft and public Demerits ; and their unbyafTed 

* Integrity is fuch, that they deleft the maintaining 

* of a Faction, or carrying on of any Defign other 

* than the common Good. 

' To the Third Claufe of that Article Mr. Ni- 

* choll faith, That" he continues in an Office of 
4 Maftcr or' the Armory in the Toivtir, wherein he 

* hath faithfully ferved the State for their Advan- 
1 tage ; and that fince the Self-denying Ordinance 

* paifed the Houfes, he never received one Penny 

* of his Fee from the Committe of Revenue ; but 
' confefTeth to have received a Rent of 347. a Year, 
1 or thereabouts, and a Fine for two Houfes, which 

* he is to be accountable for to the Parliament : 
**And it is well known that Mr. Nicholl loft a far 

K 4 * better 

152 *Tke -Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 21, Car. I. better Office, both for Profit and Efteem, than 

l6 47- f < this (the Customers Place of Plymouth and of all 

ry * the Ports in the County of Cormuall] for his Fi- 

' dclity to tie Parliament ; and hath received no 

4 Reparation for the fame, as divers others have had 

* for their loft Offices. Besides, he hath been em- 

* p!oyed in many long and chargeable Journeys, and 
' hath expended divers great Sums of Money, in 
' them, which he hath borrowed of his Friends ; 
1 and hath yet had no Satisfaction from the Parlia- 

* nient in Confideration thereof as fome of his Ac- 
' cufers have had for meaner Services. 

1 To the tv/enty-fecond, Mr. Nicholl faith, That 
4 neither himfelf, nor any other for him, ever took 

* one Penny, directly or indirectly, for any thing 

* done in Parliament, or in any of their Committees ; 

* wherein he hath had the Honour to ferve in fome 
( of the greateft Truit. 

f And whereas he is charged to bring Sir \Vil- 
4 !iam Uvedale into the Hovfe upcn his coming from 

* Vork, for the Sum of 150 1. it is altogether^falfe 

* and Icandalous. Upon Sir William E-vedale's Re- 

* turn from York, he came into the Houfe, and fat 

* there without any Queftion ; fome Time after, 

* he had Leave to retire himfelf into the Coun- 

* try ; and at his Return to London, near two Years 
4 after, the Difpute grew about his Admittance 

* into the Houfe ; and he was admitted into it 

* upon a folemn and ferious Debate, without the 
' Motion or Procurement cf Mr. Nicholl \ which 

* AdmHSon, if undue, is a Charge againft the whole 

* Hcufe, not Mr. Nicholl. True it is, that when 

* Sir Wiliam Uvcddc was at York, and Treafurer 
4 of the Army there, Mr. Nicholl (having an Af- 
' figi m^nt made him by his Brother Captain Hnm- 
' p'jry NictioH, to receive an Arrear cue to him for 

* hs Service in the North,) wrote to Sir Jil- 

* liam Uvcdcdc to fend him that Mon"y ; whcre- 
' upon Sir William Uvedale, when he came to Lon- 
' don, fent him a Sum of Money as an Arrear due 

: * to his Brother j but whether lo much as is ipcci- 

of ENGLAND. .153 

" fied in the Article, he knows not, by reafon his An. 23 Car. I , 

* Papers and Accounts of that Bufmefs are not in t ' 

* Town. 

' As for Mr. NichoWs receiving of Rewards j he 
' challenges all his Accufers, (many of them having 

* had Occafion to ufe his poor Service) and all others, 

* to prove him guilty of receiving the leaft Reward 
' for any thing done by him in difcharging of his 
' public Truft. 

' And whereas it is charged, That he difcwered 
c a Defign for the fearching of Greenwich - Houfe ; 
' he faith, That about Midnight, in Auguft, as he 

* takes it, 1 642, there came an Officer, with feme 

* Soldiers to his Lodging, and brought with them 

* a Warrant for him to fign for. their fearching of 

* Greenwich- Houfe ; which Warrant he fign'd, and 
' by the fame Officer, he fent three Lines, written 
' on an open Paper, to a Noble Lady who lodged 
' in the Houfe, that fhe fhould not be frighted with 
' the Coming of Soldiers in fuch an unfeafonable 

* Hour ; which Lady was no Servant of the 
' Queen's, but one who had given a clear De- 
' monftration of her Affection to the Public, by a 
' large voluntary Contribution upon the Propofi- 
' tions of Money and Plate : So that he hopes this 

* will not be thought a Fault to fend an open Paper 

* to a Perfon of that Quality, for .fuch Purpofe, by 
' the fame Officer that was to put the Defign in 

* Execution. 

' As to the 23d, 24th, and 25th Articles, which 
4 waire themfelves in a Scandal touching Mr. Long 
1 alone ; for a printed Imputation of Cowardice, 

* Covftoufnefsy and Treachery, where no particular 

* Perfon appears to avouch the Truth, or give Sa- 

* tisfalion for the Falfhood of fuch an AHertton, 

* no better Name can be given ; yet he, to give the 
4 World a T-afte of what Truth they may expet 

* in the reft, returns 'unto thefe three this Anfwer, 
4 That howbeit his Education had not much ac- 
4 cjuainted him with Military Employments before 

* the late unhappy Wars, -which he thinkerh to 
^ be the Cafe of many v, ho now reckon well of 

4 their 

*54 tte Parliamentary HISTO'RY 

An. 23 Car. I. their Abilities in that Profeflion; yet (through 

. * 6 * 7 ' __, * the Invitation of his Excellency the late Lord 

TV ~" * General the Earl of Effex^ and the Committee 

* for the Safety of the Kingdom, who thought it of 

* fome Importance at that Time to intereft Perfons 
' of Eftate and Relations, tho' not bred Soldiers, 

* in that Employment) he did accept the Com- 
4 mand of a Troop of Horfe under his Excellency, 

* the greateft Part whereof were raifed by himfelf 

* and his Friends ; and, in the Head of that Troop, 
4 be charged at Edge-Hill, in the Regiment then un- 

* der the Command of Sir William Balfour^ which 

* was the firft that brake into the Enemy ; in which 
Charge he loft his Horfe, and, being left dif- 
' mounted, did yet, with his fingle Piftol in his 
' Hand, give Quarter to feveral of the Enemy ; 

* and was then, by Capt. Harcmtrt y Quarter- 

* Mafter of his Troop, remounted ; continued out 

* the Service of that Day and the next, and was 

* one of the laft Troops that brought away the Am- 

* munition ; a Thing haply not known to them 
' who gave the Information for this Article, feeing 

* it was the ill Hap of fome Commanders that Day 

* to make an over-hafty Retreat; and of fome others, 

* of no little Eminency, now, never to come there ; 

* much lefs to charge, though they quartered very 

* near the Field. 

' When the unexpected Skirmifti at Brentford 

* happened, his Troop, as the greateft Part of the 

* Army befides, was difperfed ; but fo foon as he 

* could get it together, he went thither and ftayed 
' there till the Bufmefs was at an End : {hortly 

* after, his Troop being to march towards Briflil^ 
6 where fome of his Fellow-Captains, v/hofe Ex- 

* perience he thought as little as his own, re- 

* ceived fudden and great Commands, he declined 

* that Service uuder them, and intented to return 

* to his other in the Houfe of Commons ; but fome 

* Difaftedions and Backvvardnefs to contribute to 
' the Public Service appearing in fome Perfons of 

* Quality in the County of EJJex^ he was, by 
c Commiilion from his Excellency the Earl of Ef- 


of E N G L A N D. 155 

* fat Commanded thither, and authorized, with An ' -3 Car. I. 

* other Gentlemen of that and the Counties of t l6 * 7 ' J 
c Hertford and "Bedford^ to raife Horfe, Arms, &c. j uly 

* upon fuch as had not contributed j touching 

* which Employment, without drawing the Parti- 
4 culars into a long Difcourfe, he faith, That he 
4 a&ed nothing without the Concurrence of two 
4 Gentlemen, atleafl, of his Fellow-Commiilioners ; 

* and thereof, and of what had been raifed by them 

* for the Public Service under that Authority, he, 

* long before any Committee of Accounts was fet- 
4 tied, did publifh the Particulars in Print ; and 

* thereof did, immediately after that Committee was 
4 fettled, give and pafs an Account upon Oath ; 

* which Courfe had others taken, who have greater 
e Accounts than thefe, there would haply have 
e been lefs room for this Accufation : The Piun-f- 
4 dering and Oppreflion in the Article mentioned, 
4 he reckons as odious as it is an untrue Sug- 

* geftion. 

* As for Mr. Thomas Manwsod in the Article 

* mentioned ; he much doubteth whether there be 

* any fuch Man refiding in the County of EJfix j 

* fure he is that no Protection from the then Lord 
4 General's Excellency was difrcfpected by him j 

* and upon the beft Enquiry Mr. Long can make, 

* the Perfon intended by Mr. Thomas Manivosd 

* is no way eminent for his good Affection ; and 

* what was done towards him was well warranted 
' by the Commiflion under which Mr. Long and 

* thofe other Gentlemen of that County were em- 

* ployed ; and nothing, by Countenance of that 

* Authority, was converted to Mr. Long's private 

* Advantage: And fo little hath the Humour of 
4 Covetoufnefs, with which the printed Articles 

* charge him, prevailed, that there will be nothing 

* found in his Accounts to be demanded for His 
-' Colonel's Pay j ?.n Omiilion of which he dares 

* undertake to excuie them that are rnoft willing to 

* sccufe him. 

1 The Damages fuftaincd by Mr. Long? (not 

* pretended, but real) mentioned in the twenty- 

I fourth 

1 56 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c fourth Article, to be the Inducement of that Fa- 

, \ '' M ~ c vour conferred upon him by the Chancery~Offic 

July. ' were Under-Confiderations ; and, together with 

* his four Years Imprifonment and Sufferance for 
' his public Service in former Parliaments, weighed 

' by the Wifdom of that Houfe and his Capability 
4 to execute that Place, (ufually difcharged by ab}e 
' Deputies, as now it is) determined by that Judg- 

* ment which he dares not, and thinks no Men or 
' Company without thefe Walls ought, to difpute : 

* And therefore to that Quarrel, more againil both 

* Houfes than himfelf, he thinks h'mfelf bound to 

* give, and believes no wife honeft Englijhman 
' will expect, or well receive, any other Anfwer. 
' This only he faith, That neither the Eminency 

* nor Profit of the Office can furely be the Caufe, 
. ' that it only, of all the Offices and Benefits ac- 

' cepted from the Parliament by other Members, 

* fhould be now fubjecl: to Obfervation, and made 
' a. Matter of Charge. 

* In Anfwer to the twenty-fifth, and perhaps, 

* for the Weight of it, the laft Article in that 

* printed Paper ; he faith, That if any Man hath, 
' which is not known to him, feiioufly, or in fcorn, 
' ufed that fcurrilous Phrafe of Parliament Driver^ 

* towards him, (by reafon of his more than ordi- 
6 nary Diligence in purfuading and prefling his 

* Fellow Members of the Honourable Houfe of 

* Commons, according to their Truft and Duty, 
' to remain in that Houfe or return to. it, when 

* any thing hath been in Debate j which, in his 
' Apprehenfion and Conference rcquir'd their Judg- 

* ment, Wjfdom, and Suffrage there) he is con- 
4 tented to own the Fa6t, and leave the Abufe to 
c the Author : Any unlawful Carriage, in that Par- 
4 ticular, without the Houfe, he doth deny ; his 

* Demeanpr within thofe Walls, in that or ought 

* elfe, no Man without them ought. to queftion or 

* co:itrol, or he to give Account of. And, fora 
' Clofe, he faith, That thefe his Accufers, who 
' have, againlt Reafon nd Juflice, driven fo many 
' Members out of tho Houfe at once, deferve the 

4 Name 

- of E N G L A N D, 157 

* Name of Parliament- Driver V or Parliament -Hi- An. 23 Car. I. 
4 ders, much more than he who defired only to. t l6 * 7 ' ^ 
4 continue the Members within the Houfe according j u i yt 
4 to his own and their Duty. 

* To conclude : Upon the whole Matter we 
4 do fay, That it is our Misfortune, not our Mif- 
4 doings, that we ftand in this Matter accufed. 
4 Power may feize upon us and deftroy us ; but 
4 not Juftice, we mean, the Juftice of Man, for 
4 and in refpect of thefe pretended Crimes; not 
4 the Juftice of God, which we tremble at, and 
4 fubmit unto ; and fee it reach unto us, for our Sins, 
4 this Cup of Perfecution and Affliction by the Hands 
4 of Men, the Men of the World ; who are them- 
4 felves but the Hand of God to correct his Chil- 
4 dren for their Good ; their Good in the End, 
4 though for the prefent it be grievous unto them ; 
4 and befall them many Times occafionally, and in 
4 the Eye of Men, where they think themfelves to 
4 be leaft defervingit, to make them examine them- 
4 felves, and enquire where Man cannot come, into 
4 their own Hearts, to find out the true Caufe which 
4 hath provoked their God to afflict them ; and fo 
4 come to the Knowledge of thofe Evils and re- 
4 pent of them, which, otherwife, would have 

* lain undifcovered, and, like a fleeping Serpent, 

* awaken afterwards to do them a greater Mif- 
4 chief; which is at prefent our Cafe, and we 
4 truft God will give us the Grace to make this 
4 Ufe of it : For certainly, upon the ftricteft Scru- 
4 tiny of our Confciences, and Enquiry into our 
4 paft Actions and Intentions, we cannot find we 
' have deferved this Return from any that can 
4 pretend themfelves to be Well-wifhers to the 
4 Parliament and to the Peace of the Kingdom. 
4 We can fpeak it for a Truth, we are of thofe who 
4 are peaceable and faithful in Ifrael : We never 
4 fought great Things for ourfelves : We hay ; 
4 mourned for the Defolations of this Kingdom, 
4 of three Kingdoms: We have endeavoured' our 
* utmoft, according to our feveral Talents, as it 

4 hath 

158 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < nat h pleafed God to enable us in our feveral Places 

. ' * 7 ' , ' and Callings, as Members of the Parliament, as 

July. ' Members of the Commonwealth, to do all we 1 

' could, to procure a Settlement in Church and 

6 State : We have defired a Peace ; we have la- 

' boured for Peace, and willingly have never done 

* the leaft Thing to keep it off : 'We have all of us 

* taken the Covenant ; we dare not fay that we have 

* kept it to God-ward fo well as we mould j but 

* we will fay, no Man can lay the Breach of any 
' Part of it, as to the King, Parliament, or King- 
' dom, to our Charge ; nor, we hope, ever fliall 

* Nothing in this World have we more heartily de- 
' fired, than to fee a happy and firm Reconciliation 
' between the King and his People ; him on his 
' Throne, them in their Liberties ; both of them 

* encompafled with Righteoufnefs and Peace, and 

* glorying in the Parliament, as the Foundation of 

* both their Happinefs. 

' Yet how we are afperfed and mifreprefented, by 
' feveral Pamphlets and Papers concerning us, and 
c by this printed Charge, let the World judge. We 
' dare appeal even to the Confciences of our Ac- 
6 cufers, if they would fpeak out ; perhaps with fome 

* it is in Truth our Crime, that they know us to 

* be fuch as we are ; perhaps we ftand in the Way, 
' and prevent fome deftructive Defigns, therefore 

* we muft be removed ; and that we may ib be, we 

* muft be reprefented to be Hinderers of Peace, 
' Obftruclors of Juftice, Invaders of the Liberty 
' and Freedom "of the Subject, Abufers and Mif- 

* leaders of the Parliament : In Sum, whatfoever is 
' amifs in the Kingdom, we are made the Caufe, 
' and muft bear the Blame of it. 

' Chrijlianos ad Ignem : What public Calamity 

* foever befel in the Time of the primitive Perfecu- 
' tions, the Poor Chriftians were faid to be the 

* Caufe, and muft be the expiatory Sacrifice : But 
' let Men fay what they will, Eliab was never the 

* more the Troubler of Jfrael^ becaufe he was fo 


ofE N G L A N.D. 159 

< We will fay with Job, Our Witnefs is in Hea- An. 23 Cat. 
' ven, and our Reward is on High : This is our 
' Comfort and our Confidence ; we fhall be ac- 
' quitted before the Tribunal of Heaven ; and we 

* truft in the Divine Protection to have our Deli- 

* verance and Juftification, even here upon Earth* 
' by the Judgment of Man ; that is, by the Juftice 

* of the Parliament, notwithftanding the Malice of 

* all our Enemies. 







Members of the Honourable Houfe of Commons. 
July 20. Other Letters and Papers came to the 
Lords, from their Commiffioners rending with the 
Army, which were read as follows : 

Reading, July 19, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhip, 

' IT 7 E made a Difpatch unto you laft Night very A Letter from 

* VV late, by the Poft, and gave you then a ge- the P""""*^ 
' neral Account of our Proceedings. indofingfurthw 

' And, after the reading of the Propofals mend- Propofals from 
' oned in that Difpatch, had fome Papers brought 
' unto us by Sir Hzrdrefi Waller and other Officers, 
' containing fome Delires of the Army, in order to 
' their prefent Security ; which Papers, before they 
4 were tranfcribed, were fent for back again. 

* We expect the Return of them this Day, and' 

* fhall thereupon tranfmit them to your Lordfliip 
' with all Speed. In the mean Time it was held 

* fit to defire the Lord JVharton to come up to you, 
' for your more perfect Knowledge in any thing 

* that may relate to our former Difpatches ; and that 
' nothing may be wanting on our Parts, in pif- 
' charge of the Truft repofed in us. I am 

Tour LordflAp's humble Servant, 


P: s. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

P. S. Since the Writing of this Letter the in- 

* clofed Paper hath been brought unto us by fome of 
4 the Officers of the Army, whrch we held our 
4 .Duty immediately to lend to you. 

The further PROPOSALS from the ARMY, mentioned 
in the foregoing Letter. 

Reading, July 21, 1647. 

I. ' HP HAT there be an effeftual Declaration 

JL forthwith publifhed to the whole Kmg- 

4 dom, againft the inviting, bringing, or coming; 

4 in of any foreign Forces, under any Pretence 

* whatfoever. 

II. ' That the Army maybe paid up equally with 
4 the Deferters thereof, according to the late Votes 

* in Parliament ; and that the Army may be forth- 

* with put in a conftant Courfe of Pay, that they 
' may not be fo burdenfome and oppreflive to the 
4 Country ; for the more fpeedy Performance 

* whereof we defire that the Houfe of Peers would 

* be pleafed to concur with the Dehres of the Houfe 

* of Commons (fo often propofed to them) for the 
' reviving the Committee of the Army ; that fo the 
4 Affeflrnents and great Sums in Arrears, both in 
c the City and elfewhere, may be, by their En- 

* deavours, collected for the fpeedy and neceflary 

* Supply of the Army ; and alfo that the Trea- 

* furers, and the Committee at Weavers- Hall, may 
4 be fpeedily called to Account in what Manner, 

* and by what Warrants, the 230,0007. lately in- 

* trufted in their Hands, have been in fo fhort a 
4 Time confumed. 

III. 4 That the Militia of the City of Lcndcn, 

* and the Committee of the fame, may confift of 

* fuch Perfons, and fpeedily be returned into thofe 
4 Hands, who formerly, during the worft of Times, 
4 have therein given large Teftimonies of their Fi- 
4 delity to the Parliament and Kingdom ; which, 
4 befide the real Security it will be to the Parliament 

* and Kingdom, in preventing of Dangers re-pre- 
4 paring towards a new War, would conduce fo 

* much 

of E N G L A N D. 161 

r much to the removing of Jealoufies, and give fuch An. 43 Car. r 

* Ground of Confidence to the Army as that we * 647> 

' might the better difpofe of it to larger Quarters, /, '~ 
' in feveral Parts, for the Eafe of the Country. 
IV. c According to, and in purfuance of, the 

* Particulars mentioned under the fifth Head of thd 

* Reprefentation of the Army, we do earneftly de-r 

* fire that all Perfons imprifoned in England of 
' Dominion of Wales, not for Delinquency in re- 

* lation to the late War, but for other Mifdemea- 
' nors, and whofe Tmprifoninent is not by the regu* 
' lated Courfe of Law, but by Order of either 

* Houfe of Parliament, or of Committees flowing 
' from them, may be put into a fpeedy, equitable, 
' and regular Way of Trial ; or if the Neeeffity 
' of the fettling the general Affairs of the Kingdom 

* admit not their prefent Trial, then that they may 

* have prefent Liberty, upon reafonable Security for 
' their Appearance at a certain Day to anfwer what 

* mail be charged againft them in a legal Way 5 
' and that when they (hall be tried, if they appear 

* wrongfully or unduly imprifoned, they may have 

* Reparation according to their Sufferings. 

' In particular we defire this may be done in 

* Behalf of Lieutenant-Colonel John LUburne, Mr. 
4 Overton, and o hers in their Condition, impri- 
4 foned in and about London (c}.' 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of War. 


A Copy of the foregoing Propofals from theAr* 
rny was alfo fent by them to the City of London. 

The Commons having paffed a Vote, on a Di- 
4'ifion of 76 againft 39, for putting all the Land 
Forces in England, Wales, and the Ifles, under the 
immediate Command of Sir Thomas Fairfax \ the 
Lords this Day agreed to it. 

The fame Day the Commons gave Leave, by 
feparate Votes, to each of the Eleven Members, 

' (f) Thefe were Anabaptifts, who had been committtd by th Par* 
Kament for exercifinjjof tbir Reii^ipn. 

XVI. ' L accufed 

1 62 *T he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 car. I.accufed by the Army, to follow his own Occafions ; 
^ * * 7 ' and to as many as defired to go beyond the Seas 
,\ the Speaker was ordered to give PafTes ; the Time 

of the faid Leave not to exceed fix Months. 

The Motives to thefe Refolutions of the Com- 
mons we find thus fet down by Lord Holies him- 
felf, one of the then impeached Members : 
The Commons ' Thefe Gentlemen thought it beft, rather than 
give Leave to the a Breach fhould be made upon their Occafion, that 
E J c 7 1 '! npeach ~ tnrou g h tneir Sides the Parliament mould be ftuck 

ed Members to , rr _i j- r i 

fce abfent fix to tne ver 7 Heart, and die for ever, to make it 
Month*. their own Act of forbearing the Houfe : And there- 

fore they told the Houfe, they faw they were in 
that Condition they could neither protect them nor 
themfelves ; that if they would not do as Acbijb 
did to David^ who bid him be gone becaufe the 
Princes of the Pbiltjlines loved him not ; yet that 
they would, at their humble Suit and Dcfirc, be 
pleafed to give them Leave to withdraw ; and to 
fuch as defired it, PafTes to go beyond the Sea ; 
which at laft they did agree to, though truly I mud 
fay, unwillingly ; but which, all faid, they looked 
upon as a good Service done to the Houfe for pre- 
venting greater Inconveniencies.' 

His Lordfhip then proceeds to a particular Vin- 
dication of the Eleven Members, and recriminates 
the Charge upon their Accufers (d). To recite 
the whole would be too long for our Purpofe, we 
fhall therefore pafs it over with a Reference ; and 
the rather, becaufe the Anfwer of thefe Members 
to the Charge againft them, as prefented in Form 
to the Houfe, is already given at large. 

July 22. This Day a Refolution of both Houfes 
was paffed, which was in fome Sort an Anfwer to 
the laft Remonftrance from the Army. It was 
debated in the Houfe of Commons, and carried by 
a Majority of 80 againft 68 ; viz. 

Refohcd^ &c. * That they do declare that 
there appears not to them any Caufe for drawing, 
calling, or inviting any Forces into this Kingdom, 

(</) Memoirs, p. 12410 141. 


^ENGLAND. 163 

and that they do not intend any fuch Thing : And An - *3 Car. I. 
do further declare, That fuch Perfon or Perfons, t l ^ 7 ' M 
who (hall endeavour to invite, call, or draw in any j u 
Forces into this Kingdom, without the Authority 
of both Houfes of Parliament, are Traitors, and 
(hall fuffer Punifhment as Traitors to the Kingdom. 

July 23. This Day an Ordinance patted both An Ordinance 
Houfes for the London Militia to return into the commSerf 6 
old Commiflioners Hands, according to the Defire O f the London 
of the Army. This was alfo ftrongly debated in M'ltta, at the 
the lower Houfe, but, on the Queftion, pafled by c r ^ of 
77 againft46. 

July 24. A Meflage was brought from the Houfe 
of Commons to acquaint the Lords with a printed 
Paper, which was delivered to them in Form of a 
Petition ; but, in the Nature of it, is a Covenant 
made by fome Perfons, who endeavour to effecl 
Things prejudicial to the Parliament: That the 
Commons had drawn up their Sonfe of this Bufi- 
nefs, and defircd their Lordfhips Concurrence. The 
Petition was read (e}. 

To the Right Honourable the LORD MAYOR, the 
Right Worjhipful the ALDERMEN, and COM- 
MON COUNCIL of the City of London, In the 
Common or Guildhall of the City of London 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Citizens^ Commander T, 
Officers, and Soldiers, of the Trained Bands and 
Auxiliaries \ the young Men and Apprentices of the 
Cities of London and Weftminfter ; Sea Com- 
manders, Seamen and Watermen ; together with 
divers other Commanders, Officers, and Soldiers, 
within the Line of Communication and Parijhes A Pet j t ; on O f t h e 
mentioned in the weekly Bills of Mortality ', Trained Bands, 

Mariners, and 

* 1^" HAT your Petitioners taking into ferious 

' 1. Confideration how Religion, his Majefty's for the King's 

* Honour and Safety, the Privileges of Parliament, comin s to Loft - 

(.-) From the original Edition, printed by Robert Ibbetfon. 

L 2 ' and 

1 64 ^he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c and Liberties of the Subject, are at prefent greatly 
l6 47' ' endangered, and likely to be deftroyed ; and alfo 

l ^ _j ' fadly weighing with ourfelves what Means might 

' likely prove the moft effectual to procure a firm 
4 and lafting Peace, without further EfFufion of 
' Chriftian Englijh Blood ; have therefore entered 
4 into a folemn Engagement, which is hereunto 

* annexed ; and do humbly and earneftly defire that 
' this whole City may join together, by all lawful 

* poffible Means, as one Man, in hearty Endea- 

* vours for his Majefty's prefent coming up to his 

* two Houfes of Parliament with Honour, Safety, 

* and Freedom, and that without the nearer Ap- 

* proach of the Army : there to confirm fuchThings 
' as he hath granted in his Meflage of the I2th of 

* May laft, in Anfwer to the Propofitions of both 
' Kingdoms : And that by a Perfonal Treaty with 
c his two Houfes of Parliament, and the Commif- 

* fioners of the Kingdom of Scotland, fuch Things 

* as yet are in Difference may be fpeedily fettled, 
1 and a firm and lafting Peace eftablimed : All 

* which we defire may be prefented to both Houfes 
' of Parliament from this Honourable Aflembly. 

And we jhall pray, &c. 

The Paper annexed to the foregoing Petition 
ftands thus in the Commons Journals : But the Pe- 
tition itfelf is not entered there. 

A SOLEMN ENGAGEMENT of the Citizens, Com- 
manders, Officers, and Soldiers, of the Trained 
Bands and Auxiliaries ; the young Men and Ap- 
prentices of the Cities of London and Weftmin- 
fter ; Sea Commanders, Seamen and Watermen ; 
together with divers other Commanders, Officers, 
and Soldiers, within the Lines of Communication, 
and Parifhes mentioned in the weekly Bills of 

And their En- \T7HEREAS we have entered into a Solemn 

SuTpurofc ' League and Covenant, for Reformation and 

' Defence of Religion, the Honour and Happr- 

* nefs of the King, ajid the Peace and Safety of 

4 the 

of E N G L A N D. 165 

* the three Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and An. a 3 Car. I. 

* Ireland ; all which we do evidently perceive not 

* only to be endangered, but ready to be deftroyed : 

* We do therefore, in Purfuance of our faid Co- 

* venant, Oath of Allegiance, Oath of every Free- 
4 man of the Cities of London and Wejlmlnjier, and 

* Proteftation, folemnly engage ourfelves, and vow 

* unto Almighty God, that we will, to the ut- 

* moft of our Power, cordially endeavour that his 

* Majefty may fpeedily come to his two Houfes of 

* Parliament with Honour, Safety, and Freedom, 
4 and that without the nearer Approach of the 
Army ; there to confirm fuch Things as he hath 
' granted in his Meflage of the I2th of May laft, 
4 in Anfwer to the Propofitions of both King- 

* doms ; and that, hy a Perfonal Treaty with his 
4 two Houfes of Parliament, and the Commiflion- 

* ers of the Kingdom of Scotland, fuch Things as 
4 are yet in Difference may be fpeedily fettled, and 

* a firm and lafting Peace eftablifhed. 

* For effecting whereof, we do proteft and re- 
4 oblige ourfelves, as in the Prefence of God, the 

* Searcher of all Hearts, with our Lives and For- 
4 tunes, to endeavour what in us lies, to preferve 
4 and defend his Majefty's Royal Perfon and Au- 
4 thority, the Privileges of Parliament, and Liber- 

* ties of the Subject, in their full and conftant 
4 Freedom ; the Cities of London and Weftmmjler, 
4 Lines of Communication, and Parifhes men- 
4 tioned in the weekly Bills of Mortality, and all 
' others that {hall adhere with us to the laid Cove- 
e nant, Oath of Allegiance, Oath of every Free- 

* man of London and Wejiminjier, and Proteftation : 

* Nor {hall we, by any Means, admit, fuffer, or 

* endure, any kind of Neutrality in this common 

* Caufe of God, the King, and Kingdoms, as we 
' do expect the Blefiing of Almighty God, whofe 
' Help we crave, and wholly devolve ourfelves 
' upon, in this our Undertaking.' 

A Depofition or two were then taken by the 

jLords, which teftified, that many Officers and 

L 3 young 

1 66 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a^ Car. I. young Men were feen going into Skinner's- Hall to 
fign this Petition : That very many Copies were 
fent abroad, whereby it was fuppofed they might 
get many Thoufands to under-write it in a very 
fhort Time : On which the Commons had fent 
up the following Declaration, which was read and 
agreed to by the Lords ; and fent with an Order to 
the Lord Mayor and Sheriffs, to be forthwith read 
and published, by Beat of Drum and Sound of 
Trumpet, <m the Cities of London and Waftmlnjler^ 
and within the Lines of Communication ; and af- 
terwards to be fent all over the Kingdom. 

; T HE L ? r p *" d . Commons having <* 

Prrfons as fhall * printed Paper, intituled, A Petition to the 

joi therein, to < Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, the Right 

be Traitors. t Jfarjhipful the Aldermen, and Commons of the City 

' of London, in the Common or Guildhall of the 

* City of London, affembled, under the Name of 
' divers Citizens, Commanders, Officers, and Sol- 
' diers of the Train'd Bands, Auxiliaries and others ; 

* young Men and Apprentices ; Sea-Commanders, 

* Seamen, and Watermen ; together with a dan- 
' gerous Engagement of the fame Perfons, by Oath 
c and Vow, concerning the King's prefent Coming 

* to the Parliament, upon Terms far different 

* from thofe which both Houfes, after mature De- 
1 liberation, have declared to be neceflary for the 

* Good and Safety of this Kingdom ; cafting Re- 

* flections upon the Proceedings both of the Par- 
liament and Army, and tending to the embroil- 

* ing the Kingdom in a new War : And the faid 

* Lords and Commons taking Notice of great En- 

* deavours ufed, by divers ill-affected Perfons, to 

* procure Subfcriptions thereunto, whereby well- 

* meaning People may be milled ; do therefore 
? declare, That whofoever, after Publication or 
4 Notice hereof, (hall proceed in, or promote, 
c or fet his Name to, or give Confent that his 
4 Name be fet unto, or any Way join in the faid 
' Engagement, fhall be deemed and adjudged guilty 
4 of Hio-h Trcafon, and fhall forfeit Life and 


^ENGLAND. 167 

Eftate as in Cafes of Hi^h Treafon is accuf- An. ,, Car. I. 

The Commons ordered a Company of Foot and 
a Troop of Horfe to attend their Houfe the next 
Day as a Guard. 

The fame Day a Letter from the Commiffioners 
in the Army, with divers Papers inclofed, was 
read in the Houfe of Lords. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of M AN c H ESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

Aylejbury, July 23, \ 647, 
May it pleafe your Lord/hip, Nine at Night. 
' *\7"Efterday the Head-quarters were removed * Letter ft * m 
c JL unto this Place, and are To-morrow to beJ^J^r 
at Bedford. Since our laft Difpatch unto you, Army, with fe- 
4 we have obferved that the Army hath been in | rer . al Pape f* re " 
c very frequent Confutations about the expedi!ingfo r ' e goj n g En_ 
4 the Particulars which they have to propound, ing*gemcnt. 
4 reference to a general Settlement ; and therein, 

* as we hear, have made fome Progrefs ; but, fince 

* their Coming to this Town, they have received 

* Information, which they give good Credit unto, 

* of fome dangerous Contrivance fet on Foot in the 
4 City of London, under Pretence of a Petition and 

* Solemn Engagement of the Citizens, Command- 

* ers, Officers and Soldiers of the Train'd Bands ; 
4 the Auxiliaries the young Men and Apprentices 

* of the Cities of London and Wejlminjler ; Sea- 
4 Commanders, Seamen and Watermen ; together 

* with divers other Commanders, Officers, and 

* Soldiers within the Lines of Communication ; 

* tending very much, as is conceived by the Army, 

* to the kindling of a new War, and thereupon 

* they have thought fit to deliver in one Paper unto 

* us, and another unto the Committee of Com- 
4 mon Council reiiding here ; the Copies of both 
4 which, together with the Petition and Engage- 

* ment itfelf, and the Information thay have recei- 

L 4 4 vcd 

1 6 8 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. as Car. I. e ved of the fame, we held it our Duty immedi* 
ately to fend unto your Lordfhip, being very ap*- 

* prehenfive of the ill Effects that Things of this 
' Nature may produce in the Minds of the Army, 

* if not timely prevented and remedied by the 
' Wifdom of Parliament ; of this the Committee 
' of the Common Council refiding here are fo fen- 

* fible, that they are gone up with all Speed to 

* London^ to give the City a clear Reprefentation 
e of thefe Affairs, and what Operation it is like to 
6 have here. We have no more to add, but that 

* we are 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servant s, 


Next were read Copies of the two Papers men- 
tioned in the foregoing Letter : And firft 

The PAPER delivered to the COMMISSIONERS of 
PARLIAMENT from the General and his Council 
of War. 

Ajleflury, July 23, 1647, 
My Lords and Gentlemen^ 

* VT/F- received this inclofcd Paper the lad Night, 
' W from 'the Hands of a very wellr affected 
Citizen : It was delivered him by an Officer of 

* the City Militia, who, being invited to meet 

* fome Citizens at Skinners-Hall^ upon Wednesday 
c laft, with divers others, to fign the fame, and 

* offering to difpute againft the Matter of. it, and 
' to fhew how dangerous and illegal it was,, was 

* filenced j and told, that it was not to be difputed, 
' but to be flgned and joined in, there being divers 

* Citizens and others, at the fame Place for that 

* Purpofe ; which, when he underftood, he took 

* this printed Copy away with him. 

' By the Contents of which, when you read it, 

* you will eafily perceive what it tends to, and 
c how defperate and dangerous it is, to the Hazard 

* of the whole Kingdom, and to fruftrate all thofc 

< Endeavours 

^ENGLAND. 169 

* Endeavours of the Parliament, the Army, and An 23 Car - 

* Kingdom, for an happy Settlement ; and likewife 

* to precipitate all into a new and bloody War. j ul 

* We cannot therefore but acquaint you that we 
' look on this as a Bufmefs fet on Foot by the 
c Malice of fome defperately-minded Men; this 

* being their laft Engine for the putting all into 

* Confufion, when they could not accomplifh their 
' wicked Ends by other Means. 

' To this End have all fecret Liftings tended ; and 
' we wifh that needlefs and fuperfluous Lifting of 

* Auxiliaries, and Connivance at the Continuance 
' of the Refonnadoes about the Cities of London 
I and IVeJlmlnJler^ have not all had the fame Aim. 
' And by this we hope it will appear, that our Jea- 

* loufies and Fears of fome fuch defperate Defign 

* to be hatched in and about the City, considering 

* the Temper of Men there, have not been ground- 

* lefs ; nor our Defires to draw near the City of 
' London with the Army, to difappoint and break 

* all fuch Plots, and to free the Parliament from 
' the Violence of them, have not been without juft 

* Caufe : And we defire all indifferent Men to 
' judge, whether our withdrawing from the City, 

* in Obedience to the Parliament's Commands, was 
' for theirs and the Kingdom's Security or not. 

* We wonder that divers Men did calumniate at 

* our marching fo near the City, and put fo bad 
' Reprefentations upon it, as that it tended to force 

* the Parliament, or to plunder the City j feeing 
' our doing fo was to break that black Defign which 
' now begins to fhew itfelf in its own Colours : 

* Whereas indeed our Confciences witnefs with us 

* that our Aims were clear and honeft, tending to 
' reftore the Parliament unto its juft Liberty, which 
' was much abated in the Eyes of all the Kingdom ; 

* and no doubt by the Authors and Contrivers of 
' this new Covenant and Engagement, fome where- 

* of have been fo far from alHfting to put the Re-* 
' formadoes and other dangerous Perfons out of the 

* Lines, that now they are called in to join in this 
' Confpiracy. 


1 70 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. \Ve intreat you to give the Parliament a full 

LU * 4 ^ , * Reprefentation of thcfe Things ; which that you 

July.- * ma y do, we have fent you the Papers, together 
4 with fuch Informations as may give them an Op- 

* portunity to difcover the Bottom of this Bufmefs. 

* We were marching from London^ when we re- 

* ceived this Information, in Obedience to the Par- 

* liament, to give the City more Content, and to 

* ftop the Mouths of Slanderers. But if fuch De- 

* figns, fo deftrucHve to the Parliament and the 

* Work in Hand, be fuffered to go on ; or that the 

* Parliament be interrupted in the Freedom of their 

* Debates and Proceedings, (as we hear within. 
' thefe few Days they were, by thofe that are in- 

* vited to partake of this Confederacy) what muft 

* be the Confequence ? 

* We beg it of the Parliament, as they tender 
' their own Safety, the Peace of the Kingdom, and 

* preventing of a fecond War -, as they would not 
' have the Kingdom lofe the Fruit and Benefit of 

* all the Blood that hath been fpilt, and Treafure 
4 that hath been fpent in this Caufe ; that they 

* would not fuffer their Freedom and Liberty to 

* be indangered by fuch Defigns as thcfe ; they 

* having an Army, which, by the Bleffing of God, 

* in fpight of all that their and the Kingdom's Ene- 
' mies can do, will ftand and fall with them ; be 

* firm, faithful, and obedient to them in all Things ; 
' and as ready to relieve Ireland when the Peace and 
' Rights of this Kingdom are fettled. 

* We write not this to defire the Parliament to 

* invite us to march up to them ; we care not how 
' great a Diftance we are from London, if it be 

* the Parliament's Pleafure and confifts with their 

* Security, and the breaking off thofe Combi- 
' nations which are hatched in the Bowels of that 

* We are haftening our Propofals which are for 
' the general Settlement, and which we are confi- 
' dent will fatisfy all that love Peace and Truth : 

* But we Tee plainly we need more to intend our 
' own Security, than have Caufe to expe& to bring 

* Things 

of ENGLAND. 171 

* Things to a happy Iflue, by Treaty, while fuch An - *3 Car - 1. 
' Defigns are on Foot. We pray you, therefore, L \ 647 ' 

* that the Parliament would fpeedily and thoroughly July"""" 

* enquire into, and break thefe Defigns ; wherein, 

* as in all Things elfe, we fhall be ready to ferve 
' them, as they (hall judge it needful, and when 
' they (hall command us. 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of W r ar, 

JO. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

The P A P E R fent from the GENERAL, &c. to the 
Committee of the Common Council of London. 

Ayleflury, July 23, 1647. 
' D Y a printed Paper come to our Hands, a Copy 

* whereof you receive herewith, you will ftill 

* find, and clearly and evidently perceive, that fome 

* evil Spirits within the City of London, malicioufly 

* difafFecSred to the Peace of this Kingdom, do, fe- 
4 cretly and malicioufly, endeavour to bring about 
' that Mifchief upon the Kingdom, which we have 
' fo much feated, and by all our feveral Addrefles 

* to you fought to prevent ; which indeed are of 
' that dangerous Confequence, as we can expe<5l 
4 no other Iflue from than the unavoidable engage- 
4 ing the Kingdom in a fecond War, if not timely 

* and effectually prevented by your Wifdom and 
4 Diligence. We muft further obferve unto you, 

* that whatfoever Defign is intended in the afore- 
4 faid Paper, is contrary to the Authority of Par- 
4 liament, and in direct Oppofition to the Proceed- 
4 ings of the Army ; (which the two Houfes have 
4 owned as theirs, and approved of their Fidelity, 

* by committing the Forces of the Kingdom of 
4 England^ Dominion of Wales, and Iflands of 
4 Guernfty and Jerfcy unto the General's Care and 
' Command) and therefore cannot be effected but 

* by Force of Arms againft the Parliament and 

* their Army ; which, in all Probability, may in-- 

' volve 

1 72 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *3 Car. I. volve the whole Kingdom m Blood, but muft ne- 
l6 47- cefiarily begin within your Bowels, and draw the 
,f " ' Seat and State of War upon you and your City. 

' Alfo we defire you would confider, whether we 
4 have not juft Caufe to fufpect that an evil Party 
4 lurks within the City, ready to diftemper it and 
4 the whole Kingdom, upon every Occafion j and 
' whether it be probable fuch Perfons dcfire an 
4 happy Clofe between the King and Parliament, 
4 (at lead fuch as will be for the Kingdom's Good) 
4 when they take upon them the Boldnefs to make 
4 new Offers to his Majefty, with folemn Engage- 
4 ments to make good the fame, during the Time 
4 that the Parliament had given us Leave to make 
4 Tender of, and treat with their Commiflioners 
4 about, thofe Things which tend to a general Set- 
* tlement : And therefore we cannot but defire that 
4 you would take a fpeedy Courfe timely to fupprefs 
4 this great Evil, and to prevent all of this Nature 
4 for the future, by making Examples of fome of 
4 thofe who have been active to carry on thisBufmefs. 
4 We have not had Time to enquire into Particu- 
4 lars, but fhall give you only one Inftance of a 
4 Meeting at Skinners-Hall concerning this Bufi- 
4 nefs ; where fome Perfons have been very active, 
4 the Names of fome of whom we have given to 
* your Commiflioners, and alfo the Names of other 
4 Citizens who will teftify their Carriage there. 

4 Laftly, we cannot but defire you to concur 
4 with us in our Defires to the Parliament, to put 
4 the Militia into the Hands of thofe that had it 
before ; without which we can have no Aflurance 
4 that the City will be free from Defigns of this 
' Nature, nor can we expect to fee a happy Clofe.* 

Signed by Appointment of his Excellency Sir Tho- 
mas Fairfax and his Council of War^ 


The Petition and Engagement mentioned in the 
two laft Letters we have already given : But it 
Way be neceflary to obferve that General Fairfax 


^ENGLAND. 173 

hereupon ifiued an Order to the Chief Officers of An. 23 Car. r. 
his Army, to expunge the Names of all Cavaliers I<?47> t 
eut of their Mufter Rolls. T^T 

July 26. This Day the Houfe of Commons feem, Great Numbers 
by their Journals, to have been in great Aeita- JL Apprentices 

T-" n /> j i i r i_ afTemble r.bout 

tion : rirft, an Order was made that no Member t ^ e Hou f e of 
fhould go out of the Houfe without Leave. Then Commons in a 
Sir Robert Pye was appointed to go to the Houfe riotous Manner - 
of Lords, and defire them to fit a while. Next, 
the Houfe being informed that divers young Men 
and Apprentices were at the Door, to prefent a Pe- 
tition, two Members were ordered to go out and 
receive it from them. But they, returning, ac- 
quainted the Houfe that the young Men defired 
that fome of themfelves might be admitted to pre- 
fent it : Upon which they were called in, and pre- 
fented a Petition, ftyled, The bumble Deferes of the 
Citizens, Commanders, Officers and Soldiers of the 
Trained Bands and Auxiliaries ; the young Men and 
Apprentices of the Cities of London and Weftmin- 
fter ; Sea-Commanders, Seamen and Watermen; to- 
gether with other Commanders, Officers and Soldiers, 
within the Lines of Communication and Bills of ' 
Mortality. The Petitioners being withdrawn, the, 
Petition was read, but no further Notice taken of 
it : However, we may fuppofe they ftaid for an 
Anfwer ; for, a while after, the Houfe wanting to 
divide on a Queftion, they could not do it, by 
reafon, as the Journal exprefles, the Multitude and 
Tumult was fo great at the Door of the Houfe, 
which by no Perfuafion they would quit, that the 
Lobby could not be cleared for the Purpofe. 

Mr. JPhitlocke carries this Matter ftill higher 
than the Journals : He fays, ' That the Appren- 
tices, and many other rude Boys and mean Fel- 
lows amongft them, came into the Houfe of Com- 
mons with their Hats on : kept the Door open, 
and called out as they ftood, -vote, vote ; and adds, 
that in this arrogant Manner they ftood till the 
.Votes had paJTed for repealing the Ordinance for 

Memorials, p. 263. 

2 changing 

Petitions for re- 
voking the late 
Ordinance for 
changing the 
of the London 

The Parliamentary H i s T d R Y 

changing the Militia, and the Declaration of both 
Houfes of the 24th. 

Before the above Petition was prefented, another 
had been delivered to both Houfes from the Lord 
Mayor, Aldermen, &c. of the City of London ; to 
\vhich were annexed two more that Court had re- 
ceived from the Citizens. Thefe, with the Humble 
Defires of the young Men, &c. as before-mentioned, 
we here give altogether for better Connection : 
Obferving only, that the latter, as it (lands in the 
Lords 'Journals^ (though introduced as it were in 
the Name of all the Inhabitants of London, Wejl- 
minjier, and their Suburbs) is figned only by fix 
Perfons, feemingly but of inferior Degree. 

To the Honourable the Houfe of COMMONS affembled 
in the High Court of Parliament, 

Tfie HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Al- 
dertnen, and Commons of the City of London, in 
Common Council ajjcmbled (e), 

Humbly Sheweth, 

1~HAT the Petitioners have, by an Ordinance 
of Parliament, dated the 23d prefent, ta- 
ken Notice of the Pleafure of both Houfes, for 
conftituting a new Committee for the Militia of 
the City of London and the Liberties thereof, and 
of all other Places within the Lines of Commu- 
nication, and the weekly Bills of Mortality, and 
for determining a former Ordinance for the Mi- 
litia of this City, &c. dated the 4th Day of May 
laft ; which being taken into ferious Confidera- 
tion, the Petitioners could not but at firft call to 
Mind, how far both Houfes of Parliament had 
formerly honoured the City, when they firft efta- 
blifhed the Committee for the Militia, and fmce 
enlarged or altered the fame, to take the Senfe 
of this Court before they finally refolved there- 
upon ; which Confidence the Petitioners are not 
confcious to themfelves to have forfeited. And 

(<) From the Original Edition, printed by Rictard Cotct, Printec 
to the Honourable City of London-) 164^. 

c/EN GLAND. 175 

fc next, being fenfible, by two Petitions prefented to An - 2 3 Ca 
' this Court (the Copies whereof are annexed, ^ * * 7 ' 

* the one intituled, The humble Petition of divers 

* well-affefted Citizens of the City of London ; and 
' the other intituled, The bundle Petition of di- 
4 vers young Men, Citizens, and others, Apprentices 

* of this City} what a general Diftemper this fud- 
c den Change hath already made, and may further 
' raife in this City ; befides that hereby the City 

* is for the prefent put out of all regular Pofture of 
' Defence : 

' The Petitioners could not but return unto this 
' Honourable Houfe, and humbly and earneftly 
' pray, That the Militia, which was eftablifhed by 

* Ordinance of the 4th of May laft as aforefaid,. 
c and then ordered to continue for one whole Year, 
c may be re-eftablifhed, that fo the prefent Fears 

* and Diftempers in the City may be difperfed and 
' appeafed ; vvhereunto as the Petitioners humbly 
' conceive this to be the only prefent fafe Means, 
' next under the mighty Hand of God, fo they 
' will not doubt but that the faid Militia, as hitherto 
4 they have done, will, in all Things, perform 

* their Duties according to their Truft. 

And the Petitioners Jhall pray, &c. 

To the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor, the Right 
JJ^orJhipful the Aldermen, and Commons of the 
City of London, in Common Council affembled, 

Tlje HUMBLE PETITION of diven well-affeled 
Citizens of the City of London, 


THAT whereas we have lifted up our Hands 
to the High God, for the Reformation and 
Defence of Religion, his Majefty's juft Power and 
Authority, the Liberties of the Subject, and the 
Privileges of Parliament ; and ferioufly confider- 
ing the late Tranfa&ions to violate all thefe, and 
to weaken the Zeal and Forvvardnefs of this City 
and this Honourable Court, in Maintenance of 


1 76 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. the fame, by endeavouring to remove the prefent 

v _ ^j 4 Militia, confirmed by Authority of a free Parlia- 

July. ' ment for a Year, and made Choice of by this 

* Honourable Court : 

* In this Strait and Exigency we are bold, in all 
4 Humility, yet with all Earncftnefs, to pray,That 

* this Honourable Court would fadly weigh the 
' prefent Dangers : And as in former Times it 
4 hath been your Honour to be inftrumental for the 

* Prefervation of this miferable and dying King- 
4 dom, by the Interpofition of your Courage, Power, 

* and Wifdom in a Time of Need ; fo you would 

* not fuffer it to be buried in perpetual Oblivion 
4 and Reproach, by yielding up that Militia, which, 
4 by the good Providence of God and the Authority 

* * of a free Parliament, hath been inverted in your 

* Hands ; the only vifible Means under God, we 

* have now left for the Security of our Religion, 

* Lives, and Liberties, 

And we fiall pray, &c. 

TO the Right Honourable the Lord Mayor , the Right 
Worjhipful the Aldermen, and the Worjhipful the 
Commons, in Common Council ajfcmbled, 

The HUMBLE PETITION of divers young 

Citizens and others, Apprentices of this Honourable 

Humbly Jheweth, 

T" 1 HAT your Petitioners being fadly affected 
4 * with the Diftrac~tions of thefe Times, where - 

in divers difcontented Perfons, for the Advance- 
e ment of their own Interefts, labour to fow 
4 new Seeds of Divifion and Difcord ampngft us, 
c whereby Incendiaries are encouraged ; the Well- 
4 affected difcountenanced ; the Privileges of Par- 
1 liament violated j the public Worfhip of God 
c flighted ; the Liberties and Properties of the faith- 

* ful Subjects of this Kingdom, and efpecially of 
4 this City much endangered ; and the long-deiired 
4 End of thefe Troubles (by bis Majefty's gra- 

'* c ious 

of E N G L A N IX 177 

clous Compliance with, and his fafe and honoii- An. 43 Car. I. 
rable Return to his Parliament) which we hoped ^__ ^ 
was almoft obtained, now retarded, and for pre- ~~jjy7*" 
fent altogether fruftrated ; have prefented their 
humble Petition to both Houfes of Parliament, a 
Copy whereof is hereunto annexed, the which 
they have thought it their Duty like wife to ten- 
der unto this Honourable Court ; being confi- 
dent that, as their Defires, in thefe their humble 
Addrefles, arife from no other Ends whatfoeverj 
but the Glory of God and the Difcharge of their 
Confciences, in purfuance of that Solemn League 
and Covenant which lies upon them, to endea- 
vour to their utmoji, in their Places and Callings^ 
to nfe all lawful Ifays and Means* for the Main- 
tenance of thfir jujl Rights and Privileges of Par- 
liament^ lately fo much violated ; the Preferva- 
tion and Defence of his Mcjejlys Royal Perfcn and 
Autharity^ together with the true Religion an ft 
Liberties of this Kingdom^ and for the Difcoverj 
and bringing to condign Punijhment all evil Inftru- 
mtnts wbatfoever, which labour, by fomenting 
groundlefs Fears and Jealoufies, to divide and 
make Parties amongft the People, thereby to retard 
the Settlement of Church and State ; fo we doubt 
not but this Honourable Court (who have been 
inftrumental to invite us } both by Example and 
Perfuafion, according to feveral Ordinances and 
Declarations of Parliament (a)^ to engage our- 
lelves to the Profecution of the faid Ends, wherein 
you have already done very much, to your everlafl- 
ing Praife and Commendation) will ftill with all 
Reality, Conftancy and undaunted Magnanimity, 
purfue the fame ; and likew.fe encourage all thofe 
that fhall, according to their Duty, labour to pro- 
mote the fame Ends : Wherefore we humbly 
pray, That this Honourable Court would be 
pleafed to ufe their utmoft Endeavours, by their 
Addrefles to the Parliament, and otherwife as 
VOL. XVI. M they, 

fa.) Declaration to the Kingdom, July 15, 1643* An Ordinance 
for S:r Fairfax, July 15, 1644. 

Nctet in tbt Original Editicni 

1 78 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. they, in their Wifdoms, (hall think fit, for the 
^ l647 ; t ' furthering of your Petitioners Defires, contained 
j u j ' in the above mentioned Petition. 

* We cannot likewife but, with all Thankfulntfs, 

* take Notice of what this Honourable City hath 

* dene, for the putting in Execution of feveral Or- 
' dinances of Parliament (J, That none be put into 

* any Place of Truft, either in Church or Common- 

* wealth, but fuch as have taken, and now ftand 
' well-affected to the Covenant, to which we arc 

* confident that you will ftill adhere. 

* And whereas there have been and ftill arc feveral 
4 factious Perfons, who ftile themfelves the Well- 
4 affected of this City, (though unworthy of that 

* Name) who labour to traduce the Actions thereof, 

* thereby to bring an Odium upon it, and to lay 
< it open to their Malice : A frefh Inftance whereof, 

* we have, in a late Petition, prefented to the Par- 
4 liament, pretended to be the Petition of the young 

* Men and Apprentices of this City ; as likewife by' 

* a Petition pretended to be prefented to Sir Thomas 
4 Fairfax, the which we are ready to produce, and 
' refer the Confideration of them to this Honourable 

* Court. And further pray, That as both the Mi- 
4 litia of this City hath been legally chofen by this 

* Honourable Court, according to Ordinance of 
' Parliament, and the Common Council legally 

* chofen by the feveral Wards according to the 
4 antient Cuftom of this City, you would be pleafed 
4 to retain the fame Power both Civil and Military 
4 in your own Hands. 

' And that you would be pleafed (for the Pre- 

* vention of the many imminent Dangers, to which 

* this City may be liable, by reafon of thefe Di- 
4 fractions) to take fuch effectual and fpeedy 
4 Courfe for the Safeguard and Defence thereof ; 
c that the Fear, either of any Mutiny within or 

* of any unwarrantable Power from abroad, may 
4 in fome Meafure be taken away j whereby Trade, 

* the main Support of this City, no\v mightily im- 

* paired, 

(b) Ordinance, Jutit 27, 1643. Ordinance, AW. 30, 1643. 
Ordinance, FtA. 2, 1643. A"rf in tbc Original dmtn. 

^ENGLAND. 179 

1 paired, may be again revived ; and the Franchifes Aai 23 Car. i. 
' and Liberties of this Honourable City, to which Ifi 47. 
' we are the apparent Heirs, maintained and de- 
< fended. 

' And as your Petitioners are in Duty boundj 

* both by that Relation which they ftand in to this 

* Honourable City, as alfo by that folemn Engage - 
' ment whereinto they have entered ; fo they will be 

* always ready to hazard their Lives for the Defence 

* thereof and not fuffer themfelves, directly or in- 
4 dire&lyj by any Terror or Perfuafion, to be drawn 
' from their Duty herein.' 

Tbe HUMBLE D E si RE s of the Citizens, young 
Men, and Apprentices of the City of London, pre- 
fented to both the Honourable Houfes of Parlia- 
ment, July 26, 1647. 

I. ' I T is our humble Dcfire y in regard Religion, And alfo the late 
' 1 our Lives, Liberties, and Eftates are fo Declaration a- 

* much endangered, and the Peace and Safety of this $%?* 

* City and Kingdom, that the pretended Ordinance 

* for the Change, of the Militia of the City of Lon- 
c don may be prefently repealed before the Rifmg of 

* the Houfes ; and that former Ordinance that was 

* conferred for a Year (/"), by a free Parliament^ 
' upon the Lor^ Mayor, Aldermen, and Common- 

* Council, and by them legally chofen^ may be 

* eftablimed : In which Regard we do conceive that 

* no Juftice, though it run in ever fo free a Channel, 
' can lawfully difpoflefs them of it, unlefs it fhall ap- 
' pear to be abufed, contrary to the Truft repofed 

* in them. 

II. ' It is likewife deiired that the City of Lon- 
1 don may immediately be vindicated againft a late 
' pretended Declaration of both Houfes, which 
' declares all thofe Traitors, and fo to forfeit Life 

* and Eftate, who fhall, after Publication thereof, 

* aft thereupon to get Subfcriptions ; and that the 
' faid Declaration be now prefently reverfed and 

* cancelled. 

M 2 III. That 

(f) M*y 4) 1*47. 


An- *j Car. I* 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

III. c That both Houfes of Parliament do pre- 
fently make an Order, upon fome fpecial Penalty, 
for the calling in of all their Members of either 
Houfe to dicharge the Truft the Kingdom has 
repofed in them, efpecially the eleven late accufed 
Members againft whom there has been nothing 
proved of their Accufation to this Day ; that yet 
again we may be fo happy as to enjoy the healing 
Influence of a full and free Parliament in thefe 
diftra&ed Times. 

* Thefe Particulars we cannot but infift upon, 
fmce the Diffractions amongft us began to grow 
fo high ; and the Honour and Privileges of Par- 
liament, the Peace and Safety of the City and 
Kingdom, are fo greatly violated.' 

We have already given Mr. IVhitloctfs Account 
of the Circumftances attending the Prefentment of 
the laft recited Petition from the Apprentices, fcfr. 
To which Mr. Ludlow's (who was prefent in the 
Houfe at that Time) will be a proper Supplement. 
This Memorialift (after giving a very particular 
Account of what had patted at feveral fruitlefs pri- 
vate Interviews between the King and fome princi- 
pal Officers in the Army) writes thus (g) : < The 
King having bid Defiance to the Propofals from 
the Army, thought itneceflary to bend all his Force 
againft them, and efpecially to ftrengthen their 
Enemies in the Parliament. To this End a Peti- 
tion was contrived to prefs them to a fpeedy Agree- 
ment with the King, and prefented in a moft tu- 
multuous Manner by great Numbers of Appren- 
tices and Rabble, back'd and encouraged by many 
difmifled and difafte&ed Officers who joined with 

Whilft the two Houfes were in Debate what 
Anfwer to give to this infolent Multitude, fome 
of them getting to the Windows of the Houfe of 
Lords, threw Stones in upon them j and threat- 
ned them with worfe Ufage, unlefs they gave them 

Cg) Memoirs, Vol. I. p. 195 to 205. 
r ol. V. p. K'ttfti. 


See alfo Lord Clarendtr.t 

^ENGLAND. 181 

an Anfwer to their liking : others knocked at the An. 23 Car. i. 

Door of the Houfe of Commons, requiring to be v __ [^ 

admitted j but fome of us with our Swords forced j uly> 

them to retire for the prefent ; and the Houfe refol- 

ved to rife without giving any Anfwer, judging it 

below them to do any Thing by Compulfion, 

Whereupon the Speaker went out of the Houfe, 

but, being in the Lobby, was forced back into the 

Chair by the Violence of the infolent Rabble > 

whereof above a thoufand attended without Doors, 

and about forty or fifty were got into the Houfe, 

fo that it was thought convenient to give Way to 

their Rage ; and the Speaker demanding, what 

Queftion they defired to be put? They anfwered, 

* That the King {hould be defired to come to Lon- 

' don forthwith j' which Queftion being put, they 

were afked again, What further they would have ? 

They faid, c That he {hould be invited to come 

c "with Honour, Freedom, and Safety ;' to both 

which I gave a loud Negative, and fome of the 

Members as loud an Affirmative rather out of a 

prudential Compliance than an Affection to the 

Defign on Foot. 

4 By thefe Votes, and the coming down of divers 
well-afte&ed Citizens to appeafe them, the Tumult 
was fomewhat allayed ; and the Members of Par- 
liament, with their Speaker, pafTed through the 
Multitude fafely.' 

However, both Houfes were fo heartily frighted J?* w f hi T ch 4 the 

. , , , / . . & , . Mob of London 

at being thus infulted and menaced, within their Apprentice*, & c . 
own Walls, that they inftantly parted an Ordinance force the Pariia- 
for revoking and making void their Declaration of ment ** re ? ?al< 
'July 24, whereby all Perfons who {hould endea- 
vour to get Subfcriptions to any Petition were de- 
clared Traitors ; and another for annulling the 
Declaration of the?3d concerning the Militia; 
whereby the Ordinance of the 4th of May laft was 
lettered to its former Force and Effect. And both 
thefe Revocations were alfo ordered to be forthwith 
printed and publifhed. 

M 3 The 

A n , 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

A Letter from 
the Commiflion- 
ers with the Ar- 

1 8 2 

a 3 Car. j. The fame Day, July 26, the following Letter 
from the Parliament's Commifftoners refiding with 

July. ne Army, was read in both Houfes ; But it is en-r 
tered in the journals of the Lords only. 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

Bedford^ July 25, 1647, 

Twelve at Night. 
May It pleafe your Lordfoip, 

WE came hither laft Night, and this Day 
we received the Declaration of both Houfes 
againft the late Petition and Engagement, as 
alfo the Ordinance of the 23d for Change of the 
Militia of London, with an additional Power from 
both Houfes for ourfelves, concerning the Garri- 
fons and Forces of England and for Relief of 
Ireland; with all which we acquainted the Ge- 

* Late this Evening we had Notice given us by 
Lieutenant-General Cromwell, Sir Hardrefs Thal- 
ler, Col. Hammond, and Col. Rich, in the Name 
of his Excellency, of the good Refcntment which 
the General and his Officers had of what the 
Houfes have been pleafed to do towards Satisfac- 
tion of their laft Defires ; and in particular of the 
Senfe which the Parliament hath expreflbd againft 
the laft Petition and Engagement, together with 
the owning of the Army : In all which they de- 
clare themfelves to have received much Satisfac- 
tion. And becaufe they obferve the Expectation 
of the Parliament is very great upon a fpeedy Re- 
lief of Ireland, and the fudden Difpatch of their 
remaining Defires in order to a general Settle- 
ment j they did further acquaint us from the Ge- 
neral, That as to the firft of them, they will be 
ready To-morrow to confider with us about it, 
and endeavour to promote that Service to the ut- 
moft of their Power ; and as to the latter, they be- 
lieve they (hall be ready to deliver them in unto 
us by H'l'dticfday cf Tburfday next, or fooner if 

* they 

of E NG L A N D. 183 

* they can, and to treat upon the fame with us ; An - *s Car. I. 

* which when they do, your Lordfliip mall receive , ' * 7 _' t 

* frequent Advertifement from, July. 

Tour Lord/trip's humble Servant, 

Upon the great and momentous Turn of Affairs 
this Day, the Lords ordered that r.ll their Members 
fhould have Notice to attend the Houfe peremp- 
torily, on Friday the 30th, in the Morning, at 
ten o'Clock ; notwithstanding any former Leave 
granted to be abfent : But that the Commiffioners 
appointed to attend the King's Perfon might 
have Leave to follow their own Occafions ; fo as 
any three of them, one to be a Peer, do take their 
Turns in that Service, as they fhall agree amongft 

The next Day, fitly 27, both Houfes met, but 
did no Bufmefs, and only adjourned to the 30th. 

On which Day the Members aflembled, but Both the Speak- 
neither of their Speakers attended. After much Time e , rs having left 

f .-p. r\ f L. irr'rrT i he Houies on 

fpent in Expectation of them, the Houfe of Lords account O f t h e 
proceeded to chufe the Lord Willougbby of Parham late Tumults, 
in the room of the Earl of Mancbe/ler : The Com- ?*' * r< 
mons chofe Henry Pclham, Efq } a Counfellor of 
Lincoln's Inn, to be their Speaker ; and we find, by 
the Lords Journals, that he was prefented to that 
Houfe for their Approbation ; on which he made a 
ihort Speech to this Effect : 

c That the Knights, Citizens and Burgefles, 
being in prefent Want of a Speaker, had made 
Choice of fo bad a one as himfelf, and had com- 
manded him to acquaint their Lordfhips with fuch 
their bad Choice.' To which the Speaker of the 
Houfe of Lords returned this Anfwer, * That their 
Houfe very well approved the Choice which the 
Commons had made ; he being a. Perfon of ftich 
Abilities, Integrity, and Faithfulness to the Parlia- 
ment.' After which the Commons returned, with 
M 4 their 

1 84 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ap. 23 Car. I. their Speaker, to their own Houfe : But their Pro- 

___, ceedings, in this extraordinary AfRiir, will beft 

^ Jy . appear by the following Extraft from their Jour- 

* ials : Die Venerh, July 30, 1647. 

f A Ccording to the former Order of Adjourn- 
2\ ment on Tuej'day laft, divers Members of 
the Houfe met, the Speaker being abfent : After 
long Expectations, that Day, about Noon, the 
Members prefent defired Sir Walter >/*, Sir Ro- 
bert Pye y Mr. Gciwm^ and Mr. Knightly ', to repair 
to the Speaker's Houfe ; to give him Notice of the 
Meeting of the Houfe, and of the Time of the Day, 
and to defire his Attendance. 

' Return was made about an Hour after, by 
thefe Gentlemen, That Mr. Speaker was not to 
be heard of: That he had not lodged at his own 
Houfe that Night ; but was gone out of Town 
Yefterday Morning. 

' Thereupon a Debate fell out, of the Continu- 
ance of the Houfe, and the Power of the Houfe to 
cleft their Speaker, and the Neceffity of making a 
Choice without Delay. 

' Two Minifters were fent for to the Afiembly ; 
^nd after Prayers, Mr. Henry Pelham was nomi- 
nated Speaker, and called to the Chair, by a ge- 
neral Approbation. 

Mr. Pelbam firft, in his Place, excufed himfelf 
for his Inabilities for fo great a Charge, which would 
not be admitted. 

' Sir Anthony Irby and Mr. Richard Lee went tq 
to the Place where Mr. Pelham fat ; and, accord- 
ing to Cuftom, took him by each Arm, and con- 
ducted him and placed him in the Chair. 

' Here again he made his earneft Excufes, which 
n.ot being admitted, he fubmitted to the Commands 
pf the lloufe.' 

The fame Day feveral more Letters, &V. from the 
Commiflioners in the Army were read in the Houfe 
or Lords j add relied to their Speaker : 



Bedford* July 29, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Lordjhlp* 

' \\T E acquainted you by our laft, that we were 
c * to meet with the Commiflioners of the 
1 Army about the Relief of Ireland. We met ac- 
' cordingly on Monday laft, and, after a ferious p^oKed'ings"^- 
4 Debate thereupon, we thought fit to deliver in to tween the Par- 
4 the Commiflioners of the Army a Paper, con- lia " ent>s C T" 

T / i r T^ f IT-V miflioners and 

* taming the Remit of our Deures upon that De- t hof e of the Ar- 

* bate had with them, a Copy of which we fend my. 

* you here inclofed. 

' At this Meeting the Commiflioners of the Ar- 

* my (hewed very great Affection for expediting the 

* Relief of Ireland as we defired, and promifed to 

* give us their particular Anfwer in Writing very 
4 fpeedily ; but the unexpected News of Monday's 
( Work at the Houfes, and the feveral Rumours 

* that h,ourly follow thereupon, have fo altered the 

* Frame of Things here, that as yet we cannot 

* receive their Anfwer as we expected : We find 

* them now upon new Councils, having ordered 
" the contracting their Quarters in relation to their 
f March towards London. 

' This Day the Head-quarters remove to Leigh~ 
c ton-Beaudfert, and, as we hear, fome of the Army 

* are to be To-morrow Night at Uxbridge or Cole- 

* brook; fo we reft 

Tour Lordjhip's bumble Servants* 


SIONERS prefented to thofe of the ARMY. 

Bedford* July 26, 1647. 

* 117 Hereas it hath pleafed both Houfes of Par^ 

* W liament to put all the Forces, within the 
1 Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales* 

* under the Command of his Excellency Sir Thomas 

not only in order to the Peace and Se- 

* curity 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

' curity of this Kingdom, but for the Reducemcnt 
' of Ireland.: We, according to the Power lately 
fent us from both Houfes to treat with his Excel- 

* lency and the Commiflioners of the Army for the 
' prefent Relief of that poor Kingdom, do defire 

* that you would take it ipeedily into your Confi- 

* deration ; and that you would declare what Num- 

* ber of Horfe and Foot (the Security of this King- 
4 dom being provided for) you conceive may be con- 
' vcniently fpared for the Service of Ireland. 

' And becaufe we find, by our Debate with you 

* this Mornirrg, it will be neceflary to have a true 

* State of all the Forces and Garrifons within Ire- 
' land^ as well as within this Kingdom, before that 

* great Work can be, in all Points conducing there - 

* unto, fully refolved upon : We do further defire 

* (that no Time may be loft for the Service of that 
' Kingdom) an Anfwer to what is brought down 

* from the Houfe of Commons, by Sir John Temple, 

* concerning the Prefervation of the Intereft of the 
'Parliament in the Province of Le'mjler^ and the 
' Relief of our Forces there ; and that you would 
' take into your fpeedy Confideration thefe Propo- 
' fitions annexed, offered unto us by Sir "John Tem- 

* fie and Sir Hardrefs Waller: 

J3y the Appointment of the CommtJJioners of the Par- 
liament refiding with the Army^ 


PROPOSITIONS made by Sir John Temple and 
Sir Hardrefs Waller, concerning the Belief of 

I. * J % HAT it would pleafe his Excellency to 
c JL take Order that, towards providing of a 
Train of Artillery, (which they exceedingly 
want at Dublin, and deprives them of all IV^eans 
of doing Service) there may be fent unto, the 
Ports of B'riJIol and CheJIer four Pieces of Bat- 
tery, ei^ht Field-Pieces, one Mortar -Piece of the 

* largcft 

of ENGLAND. 187 

* largeft Size, with Granadoes, to be prefently An - 2 3 Car - ! 
' tranfported over to Dublin. Thefe, with their t ; 

* Carriages, to be taken out of the "Garrifons of jui y . 

* Glqucejler, Brijlol, Chejler and Shrew/bury. 

II. 4 That the 700 Horfe which the Commit- 

* tee at Derby- Hoitfe hath contracted for with Col. 
' Ponfonby, there may be added 300 Horfe more ; 

* and thefe prefently difpatched away by exprefs 
4 Orders from the General. 

III. 4 That the Regiment of Foot under the 
4 Command of Col. Birch may be compleated and 
' fent away. 

IV. c That two Regiments of Foot, under good 
4 Officers, may be prefently commanded away for 
4 the Service of Dublin. Thefe Forces being dif- 

* patched, they doubt not but they will arrive Time 
c enough not only to preferye the Intereft of the 
4 Parliament in the Province of Leinjler^ until a 
4 more confiderable Army be fent over, but that 

* they {hall be able to enlarge their Quarters, and 

* keep the Enemy at a further Diftance.' 

Another Letter from the Commiflioners refiding 
in the Army, addrefled as the laft. 

Lei^bton-Beaudfere^ July 29, 1^4,7 

May it pkafe your Lord/hip, 

* \\T E gave you an Account from Bedford^ this 

* * * Day, of the Refolutions of the Army to 

* march towards London ; the Grounds whereof are 

* now exprefled by themfelves, in a Letter which 
4 we have received from the General fince we came 
4 to this Place, together with a Copy of his Excel- 

* lency's Letter fent upon this Occafion to thp Lord 

* Mayor, Aldermen, and Common-Council of the 

* City of London ; the Copies of both which arc 
' here inclofed. 

4 The Head-quarters move from hence, as we 
4 hear, To-morrow to IVickbam^ or thereabouts, 

' and 

1 8 8 The Par Ham entary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. < an( j f O me of the Army will be nearer towards 
' London. Thus we reft 

Your Lordjhip's humble Servants, 


C o p Y of the G E N E R A L'S L E T T E R to the Com- 
mijjionen of Parliament. 

Bedford, July 29, 1647. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

General Fairfax ' T T Aving refolved upon this inclofed Difpatch 
wfthTJ w"? ' ^"^ for the ^' lt y of " Condon, I thought it my 
Armyto Usdon, ' Part to fend you an Account of it, and to give 
on Account of * you all Aflurance that my Heart is deeply affected 
tb t iTo F the C * w ^ *ke ^ ate Carriages towards the Parliament j 
Members. * an ^ however others have neglected their Duty 

* towards them for their Security and Defence, yet, 
4 as God fhall enable me, it fhall be my Bufmefs 

* to improve all the Power that is in my Hand for 
c the preferving of them ; and, in them, the Inte- 

* reft of this Nation : And what Conftrudtion fo- 
' ever fome formerly may have put upon the Pro- 

* ceedings of this Army, I truft the Lord fhall, by 

* his good Hand, lead us into fuch Actions as fhall 

* witnefs our End arrfwerable to all our Profeflions, 

* to wit, the Good of the Kingdom ; and therein 

* to be an effectual Saving of the great and juft 

* Authority of the Kingdom in the Parliament.' 

Tour mojl ajjured Friend, 

The G E N E R A L'J LETTER to the City of London, 
upon his Advance thither, with his Demands. 

Bedford July 29, 1647. 
My Lords and Gentlemen, 

* T7 OU may pleafe to remember the forward 
6 j[ Compliance of this Army with your Defire* 
to remove to this Diftance, and that upon the 

' Affurance 

of E N G L A N D. 189 

* Aflurance you gave them of your Concurrence An - *3 Car< li 

* with their declared Defires for the fettling the Li- , l647 ' t 

c berty and Peace of this Kingdom, (againft which j ujy . 

* you never yet offered us one Exception, or any 

* Ground of Diflent) as alfo of your great Tender- 

* nefs and Refolution to fecure the Parliament and 

* their Privileges from any Violence or Attempt ; 

* the chief Reafon given us of your late lifting of 
' new Forces, and wherein we did moft acquiefce : 
' That, upon this Confidence, we had difpofed of 
' the Army into feveral Parts of the Kingdom, for 

* the Eafe of the whole, fome of them to above one 
' hundred Miles Diftance ; we had given up our- 

* felves to the effecting fuch Propofals as might tend 
' to the comfortable Settlement of this poor King- 
c dom ; and we were in a hopeful Way, for a fpeedy 
Relief of Ireland. 

* We cannot then but be deeply fenfible of the 
c unparallel'd Violation acted upon the Parliament 
' on Monday laft, by a Multitude from your City ; 

* becaufe therein the Guarc^fent from the City did 

* not only neglect their Duty for the Security of 

* the Parliament from fuch Violence, and the 
' whole City to yield any Relief to the Houfes in 

* that Extremity, but I am aflured, from Eye and 

* Ear Witnefles, that divers of the Common-Coun- 

* cil gave great Encouragement to it j which doth 

* not only gainfay your former Profeffions, but 
' does Violence to thofe many Obligations that, 
' by your Charter, Proteftation, and fundry other 
4 Ways, laid upon you to protect the Parliament : 
' For my Part, I cannot but look on you, who are. 

* in Authority, as accountable to the Kingdom for 
' your prefent Interruption of that hopeful Way 

* of Peace and Settlement Things were in for this 

* Nation, and for relieving Ireland; occafioned by 

* a late deftructive Engagement, efpecially by the 
' latter prodigious and horrid Force done upon the 
1 Parliament, tending to difiblve all Government; 
' upon which Score we and the whole Kingdom 

* (hall have Caufe to put every Thing of the like 

* Nature, that may happen to the Parliament or 

2 ( to 

*The Parliamentary HISTORY 

' to any who are Friends to them and this Army j 
' except, by your Wifdom, Care, and Induftry, 
' the chief Adtors in the Premifies may be detect-, 
c ed, fecured, and given up ; to the procuring of 
' Juftice for the fame, and the beft Endeavours 
' ufed to prevent the like for the future. And fa 
' I reft 

Tour mo ft ttjfured Friend to ferve you, 


Another Petition from the City of London was 
alfo this Day, July 30, prefented to the Houfe of 
Lords by the two Sheriffs, and was read as fol- 
lows : 

To tJ:e Right Honourable the LORDS affcmbled in thf 
High Court of Parliament^ 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor^ Alder- 
men and Commons of the City of London, in Com- 
mon Council offefnbled. 

the City ef c A Fter humbly acknowledging the great Fa-' 
t&ndon petition t \ vour o f tn | s Honourable Houfe in re-efta- 
JtodersToTop c blifn ! n g the Militia of the City according to their 
hjs March. ' late Petition (whereby the Petitioners are confident 
4 the Diftempers which they then feared are wel? 

* allayed, and will be wholly appeafed,- if the Rti- 
-* mours of the Army's Advance towards the Citv 
' do not again ftir up the People j) the Petitioners 
' are not confcious to themfelves of any Thing 

* which hath proceeded from them, which mav 
' juftly provoke the Army ; and therefore will leal* 

* of all believe that their late Infiftirrg on the Mi- 
litia of this City can be any Reafon thereof; efpe- 
cially now that the Parliament hath declared them- 
' felves therein. 

' But whatever the Caufe bej or whether the 

* Army march this Way or not, yet that the City 

* may have fome Aflurance, the Petitioners hum- 
' bly pray this Honourable* Houfe fpeedily to dif- 

* patch their Pleafure to the Army, requiring if 

ofE N G L A..N D. 191 

not to advance nearer the City than 30 Miles ; An - ~3 Car 
whereby, as many great Dangers will be avoided, 
and all Jealoufies removed, fo the Petitioners do, 
in the Name of the City, hereby promife that 
there {hall be no Endeavour omitted on their Part 
for the timely and fafe guarding of the Parlia- 
ment at all Times, and for the effe&ual fuppref- 
fing of all Violences and Tumults which (hall be 
raifed under any Pretence whatfoever, 

And the Petitioners Jhall pray, &c. 


Next, the following Order, made by the Com- 
mittee of the Militia, was read : 

Guildhall, London^ 'July 30, 1647. 

ORDERED, That the Sheriffs of the Ci- 
ty of London be defired, in cafe the Par- 
liament fit, to acquaint the Houfes with the Care 
of this Committee to defend and preferve the 
Parliament and this City in Safety ; and that they, 
feeing Danger approaching, intend to frop and 
fecure all Horfes within the Lines of Commu- 
nication and weekly Bills of Mortality, except 
the Horfes of Market-Folks, Carriers, and others 
that bring Trade and Provifions to the City ; and 
further to do what fhall be neceflary for their 
and the City's Safety ; and to defire the Advice 
and Encouragement of both Houfes in their Pro- 
ceedings, and to confer fuch further Addition of 
Power upon this Committee as they fhall think 

Th: Lord?, aft:r Debate, gave the Citizens the 
following Anlwcr : 

' That they returned them hearty Thanks for 
their continual Care of the Safety of the Parlia- 
ment, and did very well approve of the Order 
that the Militia of the City had lately taken ; 
that the Lords will take the reft of their Particu- 

1 9 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *} Cu. I. Jars into fpeedy Confideration, and nothing (hall 
t l6 * 7 ' > be wanting, that in them lies, to give all Further- 
ance for the Prefervation of the Parliament an* 

The Commons having prepared a Draught of a 
Letter to be fent to Sir Thomas Fairfax with an 
Order inclofed, the fame were read this Day and 
agreed to by the Lords. The Letter runs thus : 

x SIR, 

Both Houfes < ' " HE Houfes have this Day received from their 
fend him a t J[ Commiffioners a Copy of your Letter to 

ter for tnat \r ui> t . . T ?/ i cv > \ r^ 

p f e . ' them, dated at Bedford July 29, with a Copy oi 

* another Letter of the fame Date, written to the 
' City of London j in both which though there be 
' no Account at all of the Motion of your Army, 

* yet the Houfes underftand by the Letter from their 
' Commiffioners, in which the faid Copies were in- 

* clofed, and otherwife, that you have given Orders 
' for the marching of the Army towards London^ 

* upon Pretence of defending the Houfes from the 

* Danger of the Tumults. 

< Upon Confideration hereof the Houfes have 

' commanded us to let you know, that as they 

t '-cannot but have a deep Senfe of the undue L5- 

* berty which fome Apprentices of the City of 

* London, and others, from whom they might have 

* expected more Obedience, have taken to them- 

* felves to violate the Juft Authority, Privileges and 

* Freedom of Parliament, in which the Safety of 

* the whole Kingdom is concerned ; fo they doubt 

* not but the Senfe of fo great an Offence will, at 

* laft, ftrike the Breaft of thofe that have been ac- 
' ceflary thereunto with a Deteftation of any Prac- 

* tices of the like Nature for the future : And as 

* the Houfes cannot imagine that the Diforders 
' committed by fome Apprentices, and thole that 

* mingled with them (m) 9 had the Allowance of the 

4 City 

(m) Some <jf the Independent? belonging to the Army, who wet.- 
mod bttfy among the unruly Multitude. 

Holies' t Memoirs, p< 145, el 15 4* 

^ENGLAND. 193 

* City of London j fo they h; ve fmce received full An. 23 car. r 

* Satisfa&ion, by the ftiid} orders given out by *^4?- 

* the Lord Mayor and Common-Council of the . j 

* City, to all Matters to have Care of their Ser- 

* vanrs; arid by their Declarations proclaimed in 

* feveral Parts of the City, for the preventing and 
' fuppreffing of Tumults, that they (hall fit with 
' much Freedom arid Security 'From any t)iftur- 
' bance for the future. 

1 Therefore the Houfes, feeing no Caufe to 

* command that Army, or any r*art thereof, to 
e march up for their Defe'hce ; but rather judging, 
1 by the Diftra&ions raifed at the News thereof, 

* that the Motions of the Army hear the City is 
' like to precipitate the City and Army into a 

* defperate and bloody Engagement, hot only to 

* the Difturbance of the Parliament's Sitting, but 
' alfo to the Deftfuclion thereof, and of all Au- 

* thority, by carting the whole Kingdom into Con- 

* fufion : For Prevention thereof have fent you this 

* inclofed Order, requiring you, as you tender the 
1 Freedom of Parliament, the Safety of the City 
< and whole Kingdom, to give exact Obedience 
k thereunto. 

c This being all we hive in Command, we 
reft, &V. 

71* ORDER inclofed in ; tkc foregoing Letter. 

' Ordered^ by the Lords and Commons aflemblecl 
in Parliament, That the General be required not 
to advance with his Army, or any Part thereof, 
within 30 Miles of London ; tand in cafe the 
Army, or any Pare thereof, be within 30 Miles, 
that they go back.* 

Notice being taken in the Houfe of Lords, that The Hoof* of 
the Earls of Northumberland, Kent, Rutland, 7. Lords require the 
rum, Warwick, Denbigh, Mancbejler, Mulgrave 
and Stamford; the Vifcounts Hereford, and 5^y 
and &/* ; the Lords De la War, Dacfet, North, 
Grey, Roberts, Maynard, Howard, Herbert, and 
Bruce, had not attended according to the Order 

VOL. XVI. N of 

194 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ar.. 13 dr. I. f the 26th Inftant, it was ordered that they (hould 
v * 6 * 7 ' . have further Notice to attend the Houfe peremp- 
j uly< torily without Excufe> on the 31 ft, at Ten in the 
Morning, notwithfhinding any former Leave grant- 
ed to them, or any of them, to be abfcnt ; and 
that the Houfe expected a ready Obedience to be 
given herein. 

ue they, with The Abfence of thefe Peers, and the Members 
Commons 1 and ^ ^ e ^ ou ^" e or " Commons, who had at this Time 
both the Ute withdrawn themfelves, with their refpective Speak- 

th * rSl is thus accounted f r b Y Mn Ludlow (d}. 

t j.j ie next fyj orn ; n g a f ter t h e Tumult, I advifed 

with Sir Arthur Hafelrig and others what was fitteft 
to be done in this Conjuncture ; and it was con- 
cluded that we could not fit in Parliament with- 
out apparent Hazard of our Lives, till we had a 
Guard for our Defence, it being manifeftly the 
Defign of the other Party either to drive us away, 
or to deftroy us : Therefore we refolved to betake 
ourfelves to the Army for Protection, Sir Arthur 
Hafelrig undertaking to perfuade the Speaker to go 
thither, to which he confented with fome Difficulty } 
and having caufed iooo/. to be thrown into his 
Coach, went down to the Army, which lay then at 
Wind for, Maidenhead ', Colebrook, and the adjacent 
Places. Having acquainted as many of our Friends 
as I could, with our Refolution to repair to the 
Army, I wertt down ; and the next Day, being the 
fame to which the Parliament had adjourned them- 
felves, the Army rendezvoufed upon Hounjlnv 
Heath ; where thofe Members of Parliament, as well 
Lords as Commons, who could not with Safety 
ftay at IVefimitifter^ appeared in the Head of them ; 
at which the Army exprefled great Joy, declaring 
themfelves refolved to live and die with them. 
At Night the Earl of Northumberland, the Lord 
Say, the Lord Jf^harton, and other Lords, the 
Speaker and Members of the Houfe of Commons 
aforefaid, with Sir T/iomas Fairfax, and many 
principal Officers of the Army, met at Stan Houfe, 


(<9 Memoirs, Vol. J. 

tf ENGLAND. 19- 

to confult what was moft advifeable to do in that An. 23 Car. J. 
Juncture ; which whi'ft they were doing, an Ac- ' 6 47- 
count was brought of the Proceedings of thofe at , ul 
Wejimlnfter that Day, by the Serjeant of the Houfe, . . 
who came with his Mace, to the no little Satif- 
fa&ion of the Speaker/ 

But notwithstanding the great Joy exprefled by Proceedings of 
the Army at the Prefence of fo many Members of both H U [J 
both Houfes amongft them, who, by imploring, "" 

as it were, their Protection and Defence, muft add 
greatly to their Reputation ; thofe at (f / e/iminfter r 
being fupported by the City of London, and the 
whole Force of the Prefbyterian Interefr, feemed 
to fet their abfent Brethren and the Army at De- 
fiance: For, firft, they voted, That the Order of 
the 2Cth of this Month for putting all the Land- 
Forces in the Pay of the Parliament under the 
Command of Sir Thomas Fairfax, did not extend 
to give him any Power over the Trained Bands 
or Garrifons : That this Declaration Ihould be 
publifhed, by the Militia of the City of London^ 
by Sound of Trumpet ; and the fame by the She- 
riffs in their feveral refpecrive Counties in Eng- 
land. The Commons recalled their Eleven Mem- 
bers, impeached by the Army, to fit and vote in 
the Houfe. The Committee of Safety were or- 
dered to grant Commiffions to all fuch Com- 
manders of Horfe, Foot, and Dragoons, as they 
ftiall think fit, for the Service of the King, King- 
dom, Parliament, City, and Safety thereof, accor- 
ding to the Power given them by an Ordinance of 
Parliament. The Matter, Wardens, and Aflift- 
ants of the Trinity Houfe were ordered to arm all 
the Mariners and Seamen they could get. Accor- 
dingly thefe and Numbers of Refnrmado Officers 
and Soldiers, CSV. with the City Militia, muftered, 
in St. James's Fields ; the Command of all which 
was given to Major-General MaJ/ey, and the Horfe 
to Sir William Waller. Befides all this, 

July 31, The Houfe of Lords fent down to the 

Commons a Declaration concerning the King's 

N 2 Coining 

j 96 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *j Car. I. Coming to his Parliament, in which they defireif 
t * 647 ' , their Concurrence, in hac Verba : 

ju ]y> ' Whereas the King hath been feized upon, and 

* carried away from Holdenby, without his Con- 
Who defire the fent, by a Party into the Army, where his Maje- 
King to come to c fty y et re maineth ; the Lords and Commons in 

'' Parliament aflembled do defire that his Majefty 
' would be pleafed immediately to come to his Par- 
' liament : And they do declare, that he {hall be 
' there with Honour, Freedom, and Safety ; and 

* that they, with the Commiflioners of the King- 
' dom of Scotland^ will make their Addreffes 
unto his Majefty for a fafe and well-grounded 
' Peace.' 

This Declaration being twice read by the Com- 
mons, was altered thus : After the Word Confent, 
they added, or the Confent of the Houfe s of Parlia- 
ment ; and, inftead of to his Parliament^ to fucb 
Place as both Houfet of Parliament Jhould appoint ; 
and then paned it, on the Queftion, 55 againft 22. 

The fame Day Information being given to the 
Houfe of Commons, that there was a Declaration 
of their late Speaker, ((hewing the Grounds and 
Reafons which moved him to abfent himfclf from 
attending the Service of that Houfe on Friday) 
then printing at one Symonds's Houfe in Alderf- 
gate-f t reeti which, as the Informer heard, would 
be very dangerous to the Parliament and City, 
the fame was read j but we do not find any thing 
further done upon it. As this Declaration fets 
forth, in a moft particular Manner, what happened 
in the Tumult of the 26th \ and is not printed in 
Mr. Rufmuorth's Colletfions, or any of the other 
Contemporaries, we (hall give it from the original 
Edition ($). 

The !at Spe^" c A Lthough it may haply be contrary to the 
B^aV^for'iea. ' ^ Expectation of fome, that I attend not the 
ving the Houfe. * Service of ihe Houfe of Commons at this Time, 

(gj IW, printed by M. S. fi. e. Afu WSywewft] fl>r Car ft 
H'bitington, 1647. 

e/" ENGLAND. 197 

c as I have conftantly done for almpft feven Years An. 13 Car. /. 

* laft paft j and yet can it not be reasonably ex- 16 ^> 
' pe&ed by any that well confiders the Violence " / j 

< offered to both the Houfes of Parliament, and *' 

* to myfelf in particular, on Monday ; in fo much 

* that I can fafely take it upon my Conference, 

* and fo I doubt not may all the Members of both 

* Houfes alfo, that they fat in continual Fear of 
1 their Lives ; and, by Terror thereof, were com- 

* pelled to pafs fuch Votes as it pleafed an unruly 

* Multitude to force upon them j which, as I di4 

* then openly declare in the Houfe, fo I cannot but 

* believe that they are void and null, being extort- 

* ed by Force and Violence, and in that" Manner 

* that they were 5 and I cannot any longer difpenfe 
' with myfelf to be an Inftrument in patting fuch 

* Votes, or to give any Colour or Shadow of Par- 

* liamentary Authority unto them, which are no$ 

* the Votes of the Keprefentative Body of the 
' Kingdom, but of a tumultuous Multitude ; as 
' thofe muft needs be accounted that feemed 19 

* pafs the Houfe on Monday laft j and which fhall 

* pafs hereafter, until better Provifion be made for 

* the fare and free Sitting of the Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment ; there feeing no effectual Courfe taken by 
' the City fince the laft Adjournment of the Houfes 
' to prevent the like Tumult for the future j np 
' nor fo much a$ a Declaration from them to (hew 

* their Diflike thereof; But, on the contrary, it is 
*- generally voiced in the Town that there will be a 

* far greater Confluence of Apprentices, Reforma- 

* does, and others on Friday, at the Parliament 

* Doors ; and, particularly, Notice was given to 
' me, That after they had made the Houfe vote 

* what they pleafed, they would deftroy me. I 

* had likewife Information given me, that there 

* would be a great Number of Apprentices, of a 

* contrary Opinion and Affections to the other, 
' about the Parliament Doors on Friday Morning^ 

* which I forefaw muft of Neceffity caufe a great 

* Combuftion, and, in all Probability, occafion 

* much Bloodflied} the preventing of which Mif- 

N 3 ' ciii<..s, 

198 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An 23 Car. I. < chiefs, together with the Coi.fuleratbn aforefaid, 

a r ' ' have weighed more wit . me than any thing 

July. ' which may concern my own Particular; and efpe- 

' cially, having ferved the Houfe faithfully and di- 

' ligently for the Space of very near feven Years, 

' in a. free and parliamentary Way of Proceedings, 

* that I might not now be made a Servant to fuch 
' a Multitude to transfer upon them the Colour of 

* Parliamentary Authority, therewithal to abufe 

* and deceive the Minds, and to deitroy the Lives, 

* Liberties, and Eftates of the People of this King- 

* dcm ; and having taken' a folemn Protefta'.ion 
' ;nd Covenant in my Place and Calling to main- 
c tain cne rrivilrges of Parliament, and the Rights 

* and Liberties of the Subjects, I could not now 

* fatisfy myfelf but by abfeming myfelf at this 
' Time ; rather than, by my Prefence, to give any 

* Shadow or Countenance of the Authority of Par- 

* iiament to fuch apparent Violations thereof: 
' Neither can the Orniffion of a Circumftance or 

* fome formality, in the Adjournment of the 
'Houfe (when/ through Force and Violence, .it 
' cannot meet and lit in any Sort as a Parliament) 

* be any Prejudice to the future Meeting and Pro- 

* ceedings thereof, when it may meet and fit again 
' as a free Parliament ; it being well known that 

* nothing can diflblve this Parliament but an Act 
' of Parliament. 

' When -a Company of Apprentices, Reforma- 
does and others, (ball call the Ordinances of P..r- 
' Hament pretended Ordinances ; (hall lock the 
' Doors of the Hoafes upon them ; fhall fwear not 

* to let them out till they had pafled what they 
' pleafed concerning the Militia of London and 
' other Things, though the Houfes had immedi- 

* ately before voted otherwife ; fhall threaten the 

* HoufeSj in cafe they did not inftantly fatisfy their 
' Demands ; (hall knock without, and hollow con- 
' tinually at the Parliament Doors, that the Mem- 

* bers could not be heaid (peak or debate ; and 
' after that, the Houfe of Commons had pafled a 

* Vote concerning the Militia of London, and that 


cf E NG L AND. 

* the Speaker, by the Voice, had judged the ma- 

* jor Part to be for the Negative, {hall not fuffer 

* the Houfe to be divided ; but, in a threatening 

* Way, require thofe that would huve given their 
f Votes againlt them to confent to them ; if when 
? after the Houfe was adjourned, they (hall, by 
c main Force, thruft back the Speaker again into 

* the Houfe, and force the Members, in their Pre- 

* fence and Si^ht, (divers of them thrufting into 
' the Houfe) to vote what they demanded j when 
? they {hall joftle, pull, and hale the Speaker all 

* the Way he went down to his Coach, and force 

* him, to avoid their Violence, to betake himfelf 
' to the next Coach he could get into for Refuge; 
f when they {hull breathe forth fuch bloody Threats 
' againft the Members as they come forth of the 

* Houfe, and, fince, againft me in particular, at 

* the next Meeting of the Houfe, as I am credibly 
' informed ; and when there is no Appearance but 

* tnat they will continue to do as formerly they 

* have done, or far worfe, on Friday ; I could not, 

* in difcharge of my Truft, Proteftation, and Co- 

* venant, fit in the Chair of the Houfe of Com- 

* mons, whilf^ it Ihall be in fuch a Condition : 

* But fo foon as it may fit again in Freedom and 
4 Safety, I (hall be ready to attend the Service 
thereof; but till then, as I have, upon the fore- 
4 mentioned Grounds, fully fatisfied my own Con- 

* fcierice, fo I doubt not but I fhall give the whole 

* Kingdom, whofe Intereft is moft concerned in it, 
ample Satisfaction in the Neceflity of my Ab- 
' fence. LENTHALLj 

Notwithftanding the high Expreffions of Re- 
fentment in the foregoing Declaration, we are in- 
formed by an Hiftorian of thefe Times, and a 
Member of this Parliament, Clement Walker^ 
?^li (0 '. That the Day after the Commons had 
N 4 ' adjourned, 

(/) 1T>t Hiftery of Independency, printed in 1648, under he Nama 
f Theodora: Vtrax\ but aftenvards reprinted by R. Royflin, in 

a66i, with the Author's own Name, and continued to. the Reftors- 
tion by another Hand, p. 4 

ico *Tke Prfymfni H i s T o % y 

An. s Car. I. adjoumeJ, being Wedncfday the 28th, and the 

^ _^ t monthly Faft, the Speaker and Members met in 

July. JVeJiminfler Church ; where the Speaker complain- 

cl, in Come Paffion, to Sir Ralph AJhton, and other 

Members, of a fcandalous Report raifed on him in 

the City, as if he intended to defert the Houfe, 

and fly to rhe Army, faying, He /cornet to do fuck 

a bafe^ iqijuft, dijhonourable Aft ; but would rather 

die in bis Houfe and Chair : Which being fpoken 

Other Reafom ' n a Time and Place of fo much Reverence ani 

for it, as gnen Devotion, made many think his fecret Retreat to 

kythfOonton- t ^ e Army, the very next Day, proceeded not fo 

fowrj ters. muc ^ f rom hj s own Judgment, as from fome 

ft rr.g Threats from Cromwell and Ireton^ (who 

W re the chief Contrivers of this defperate Plot to 

divide the City and Houfes, and bring up the 

Army to enthrall thrm both) That if he did not 

comply with their Defires, they would caufe the Army 

to impeach him for coufening the State of many vaft 

Sums of Money. And truly I remember I have feen 

ah intercepted Letter, fent about *he Time of his 

Flight, from the Army to IffUiam Lenthall, Speak- 

er, without any Name fubfcrihed to it, only the 

two laft Lines were of John Ru/hworth's Hand ; 

carncftly importuning him to retire to the Army 

with his Friends.' 

This, laft Circumftance of the intercepted Let- 
ter is confirmed by Lord Holies (z), who ftiles the 
Speaker's withdrawing himfelf a Confpiracy with 
the Army, dtfigntd and laid principally by Mr. 
Oliver M, John, the Soliicitor. He adds, That 
this Letter was remaining in one of the Houfes : 
However, we do not find it in the Journals of 
either ; the Want of which is eafily accounted for 
by the Turn of Affairs that prefently enfued in 
favour of the Army. 

To thefe Obiervations of the Contemporaries 
we may add one of our own, That the Publiftier 
of this Declaration of Mr. Lenthall, the Speaker, 
was alfo the PubliOier of all the Remonftrances 
and Declarations of the Army when near London - 3 


(m) Memoin, p. 147. 

^ENGLAND. ? ot 

and reprinted there all fuch as were originally An. 43 Car. i. 
printed at Cambridge and Oxford, when the Army t l6 47- 
rendezvoused at Newmarket and Reading. Thus Au'uft, ^ 
much by wav of Illuftration of the extraordinary 
Proceedings which now haften upon us. 

Augujl i. Though both Houfes fat this Day, be- 
ing Sunday, yet pothing particulai was done but 
what has 'been alieady mentioned. The next Day, 
a Letter from the Scotj pommiffioners was read in 
the Houfe of Lords. 

For the Right Honourable th SPEAKER of the Houfe 
of PEERS pro Ternpore. 

Worcejler- Houfe, dug. r, 1647. 
Right Honourable, 

* "TPHE Committe.e of Eftates of the Kingdom The Scots Com- 
A of S co. land having fent us frequent Direc- ifflone com- 

r i / i r-? , P' aln of an Infult 

' tions fmce thefe late Commotions, to give them offered to the 
' a true Account, from Time to Time, of his Earl of Lauder- 

* Majefty's Condition ; in purfuance thereof we JJjj &c< b ? 

* defired the Earl of Lauderdale to repair to his 

* Majefty at Woburn, where we expedted that he 

* {hould have been ufed with that Refpeft which 

* is due to a Commiffioner of the Parliament of 
4 Scotland: But we are herein extremely difap- 

* pointed ; fo'r on Saturday Morning early, before 

* his Lordfllip was out of his Bed, a jjreat many 
' Soldiers ruftied into his Chamber, and coming to 

* his Bed-fide, defired him fpeedily to be gone 

* without Delay. 

4 He reprefented to them his Employment ; That 
' he was there in the Capacity of a Commiffioner 
4 of Scotland, to attend his Majefty : That he had 

* refolved to go away that Morning; and intreated 

* he might have the Liberty firft to fpeak with his 

* Majefty, which they would not grant ; but vio- 
4 lently infifted, that what they demanded might 

* forthwith be put in Execution, and would not 

* hearken to any Reafon he offered unto them : 

* Telling him it was paft Difpute ; it was refolved 

* upon 3 what they dki herein would bfi owned by 

202 ^ke Parliamentary HISTORY 

. '3 Car. I. e the Army, and they would maintain it ; with 
* other "Expreffions of this Kind. We do acknow- 

Civility of the Commiflioners of both 
Houfes, who ailed their Parts in difluading them 

* from fo unwarrantable an Action : And one o 
the Comrniffioners, in particular, reprefented un- 

* to them the Danger thereof ; acquainting them, 
' that he had bcvn an Ambaflador abroad, and did 

* very well underftand that this Injury c'c-ne by 

* thtm to a Commiffioncr of the Parliament of 
' Scotland, was of a very high Nature ; intreating, 

* thp.t if they apprehended any thing from Scot- 

* land, the Breach might not be 'made 'upon the 
' Kingdom of England'-* Parti and that they would 

* not give juft Caufe, by this Action, to the King- 

* dom of Scotland, to make War againft England:. 

* But no Argument did prevail i fo at length the 
' Earl of Lauderdale was forced to depart, having 

* publickly proteflxd, before the Commiflioners of 
' both Houfes, That he was debarred Acctfs to 

* the King of Scotland, and his Liberty taken from 
' him, contrary to the Law of Nations, and' a par- 

* ticular Agreement betwixt the Kingdoms. 

* We have formerly reprefented unto the Ho- 

* nourable Houfes, how his Majefty was carried 

* away from Holdcnby, by a Party of Sir Thomas 

* Fairfax's Anr.y ; which the Soldiers before-men- 
4 tioned did, on Saturday laft, before the Earl of 

* Lauderdale and fome of the Commiflioners of 
' both Houfes, own to be the A& of the whole 

* Soldiery of the Army. We did likewife acquaint 
' the Houfes, how our Letters to Scotland were in- 
' tercepted by fome of that Army. 

And now, to complete thefe Injuries, they 

* offered Violence to a Commiflioner of the Parlia- 

* ment of Scotland, debarred him of Accefs to his 
Majefty, deprived him of his Liberty, and drove 

* him away : So that there remains no Hope that 
( there can be Application made hereafter to his, 
*' Majefty from the Kingdom of Scotland : Nor can 

* we be able to give that Account of his Majefty's 

* Condition to that Kingdom which is expected 

A * from 


*"from us, lo long as he is in the Power of th^t An 23 Car. 
Army. Wherefore we defire that the Houfes of < 6 4-7* 
Parliament will, in their Wifdom, take fuch '" ^ ftt 
Courfe herein, as Reparation may be made to 
the Kingdom of Scotland of thefe mulriplied In- 
juries ; and efpecially of the laft don^ againft ke 
Perfon of a public Minifter of the Kingdom qf 
Scotland, in fo violent a Manner. And to the 
end there may he a free and unreftrained AppJi* 
cation to his Majefty from the Parliaments of 
both Kingdoms, we do earneftly defire the Ho* 
nourabk Houfes to invite his Majefty to come to 
London ; and to declare that he fliafl be here in 
Safety, Honour, and Freedom j than which we 
fee no other probable Means, for the prefent, to 
obtain a fafs and well-grounded Peace ; and fa 
we reft 

Your Lordjhip's humble Servant^ 



Upon reading this Letter the Lords ordered that 
the King'a Children at St. James's be removed into 
the City, and that the Lord Mayor anJ Sheriffs be 
defired to take Care of them ; and that Examina- 
tion mould be nude what Practices had been ufed 
to convey them away ; to which the- Commons 
agreed. The Earl of Northumberland alfo was The Parliament 
fummoned, by Letter, to repair to his Charge of jjj^jfjf 
the Children, and to give his Attendance in Par- Care of the Lor4 

liament. Mavor, and de. 

The Lords alfo pnfTed a Vote to be added 
their former of 'July 31, viz. That the Place the don. 
King be deilred to come to (hould be London ; and 
that both thefe Votes be fent to the Kins;, and pub- 
limed in London, &c. by the Lord Mayor and 
Sheriffs, by Sound of Trumpet. This laft Vote 
was agreed to by the Houfe of Commons, on a 
Divifion of 73 againft 32, 


24 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

> \l C * r ' '* Several Minifters from the Aflembly of Divines 
' * 7 ' prefented the following Paper to both Houfes : 
Auguft. ef fa Right Honourable the LORDS and COMMONS 
ajjembled in Parliament. 

TT ^ E A(rembl y of Divines bei "g' b y thcfr 

Pcce. < M Profefiiop, Minifters of the Gofpel of 
' Peace, under Chrift the Prince of Peace, hear- 

< ing of Preparations tending {o a fudden War be- 

* tween the Army and the City, do, in the Name 
' of Jefus Chrift, humbly crave Leave, in thefe 
c few Words, to mediate for Peace at the Hands 
' of all that have any Intereft in the managing 
c thereof, as that wherein Christians are moft deep- 

* ly concerned j th,e Glory of God, which all Par- 

* ties profefs to regard and advance ; the Safety of 

< the King, Parliament, and Kingdom, which be* 

* ing lately in a hopeful Way to be eftabliftied in 

* a happy Peace, is now in Danger to be over- 
whelmed with a Sea of Blood j (the End and fad 

* Confequences whereof no Mar* is able to fore- 

< fee) and the Welfare of all the People pf God in 

* the Land, who are likely to be engaged one 
' againft another : Wherefore we humbly p,ray, in 

* the Bowels of Jefus Chrift, that all poffible 

* Means may be ufed, by Treaty or otherwife, 

* that the Effufion of Chriftian Blood may be pre- 
4 vented ; Ireland relieved ; and all God's People 
' enjoy the Fruit of their Prayers in the flourilhing 
' of the true Religion, and Settlement of the Peace 

* and Profperity of the three Kingdoms. 

CHARLES HERLE, Prolocutor. 

The Anfwer returned by both Houfes was to 
this Effea, That they gave the Aflembly Thanks 
for their Care and good Affections to the Good and 
Peace of the Kingdom, and (hould not be wanting 
in any thing to effect it.' 

Augujt 3. This Day the Lord Montague, fen^ 
Word that the King intended to go, as the Day 


of E IST G L A N D. 20$ 

before, to Sfrfe, a Houfe of the Lord Purbeck't* Aa, 13 Cu. l 

hear fPindfor, where the Commiffioners thought it ^ |6 47 

their Duty to attend him. From thence his Ma- 

jefty iflued the following Declaration, difavowing 

any Preparations in him to levy War againft his 

two Houfes of Parliament j and alfo fent a Letter 

to Sir Thomas Fairfax. 

CHARLES R. Stoke, Aug. 4, 1647. 

CTffere having been many Rumors fpread, and In- The King difa- 
formations given, which may have induced many vow$ having any 
to believe that we intend to make War againft our 
Parliament ': We profefe before God, and declare to 
ell ike World^ That we always have and do abhor 
all fuch Defegns \ and defer e all our Nobility and 
Commons, who are here upon the Place, to declare 
whether they have not been Wttnejfes of our frequent 
and earnejl Declarations and Profejjions to this Pur- 
pofe ; whether they fee any Colour of Preparations 
or Counfeh, that might reasonably beget a Belief of 
any fuch Defegn ; and whether they be not fully per- 
fuaded that we have no fuch Intentions ; but that 
all our Endeavours (according to our many Profef- 
Jions) tend to the jirm and conjiant Settlement of the 
true Protejiant Religion, the juft Privileges of Par- 
liament, the Liberty of the Subjefl, the Law, Peace, 
and Profperity of this Kingdom* 

Thf K I N G'S Letter to Sir Thomas Fairfax, deli- 
vered by Sir John Berkeley, and Mr. John Afli- 

CHARLES R. Stoke, Aug. 4, 1 647. 

T 7l S Majcfty bf':ngadvertifed of many falfe Ru" 
* mars raifed of him to comply with a Party ft 
raife Forces againft you and your Army : His Ma- 
jefty doth herfby acquit himfdf of the great Scandal 
cajl upon him therein ; and for the Proceedings of 
fame in London and elfewhere, who have of late 
raifed Tumults in the City, and other Places, his 
Majejly doth utterly difclaim the fame, tejlifying a 
frtat L>lf,:ke thereof. His Majefty dcth account it 


06 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

3 Car. L too dijhonourable an Aflion to have Thoughts of being 
M brought to London in fuch a tumultuous Manner. 

Augaft. A Letter, figned by both the new Speakers, was 

ordered to be fent to the Commiflioners refiding 
with the Army, inclofmg one to Sir Thames Fair- 
fax. Neither of thefe are mentioned by the Con- 
temporary Writers j but they Hand thus in the 
Lords Journals. 

My Lords and Gentlemex t 

c \\7 E did, by Command, write you a Letter on 
1 * Friday laft, with one inclofed unto Sir 
' Thames Fairfax, but have received no Anfwef 

* either from him or you ; we are now commanded 
' to fend you this inclofed Letter to Sir Thomat 
Fairfax, a Copy whereof we fend you. By the 
' Contents you will find how necefTary it is for you 
' to apply yourfelves unto him for a fpeedy Ac- 

* count and Anfwer thereunto, .and to ufe your 

* utmoft Endeavours to keep off the Army from 

* approaching fo near the City, for avoiding of all 
( ill Confequences that may happen thereupon. 

* We are further commanded to let you know 
c that, by reafon of the withdrawing of the late 

* Speakers, the Houfes have thought fit to make 
c Choice of us for their refpedtive Speakers, of 
6 which you are to take Notice. 

' We have further in Command to fend you in- 

* clofed a Vote, patted both Houfes, explaining the 
' Order whereby Power is given to the General 

* over the Land Forces, viz. Refohed^ 'I 'hat the 
c Order of both Houfes of the 2oth of July, which 
6 puts under the Command of Sir Tbwias Fairfax 
' all the Land Forces under the Pay of the Parlia- 
' ment, doth not extend to give him any Power 
' over the Trained Bands or Garrifons. We reft 

Teur aJfeSfionate Friends and Servants, 

H U N S D O N, 

Speaker of the Houfe of Peers pro 


H. P E L H A M, 

Speaker of the Hcuje of Comment. 


Ynt LETTER, to General FAIRFAX, inchfed in the 


5 / R, Auguft ' 

' 1 1 7 E are commanded by both Houfes of Par- A nd another to 
* V? liament to acquaint you, that, by reafon SirThomas Fair- 
of the late Speakers having withdrawn them- (*toZi? 

11 felves, the Houfes made Choice of us to be their former forbid- 

* refpeclive Speakers ; and that, on Friday laft, a din s hil March 

* Letter was fent to you from both Houfes, to J et towardsL<>D<1( ** 

* you know the Parliament was in Safety by the 

* Care of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, Common- 

* Council, and Militia of the City of London^ and 

* free from Danger of any Tumults ; and that, to 

* prevent fuch Mifchiefs as might attend the nearer 
k Approach of the Army, you fhould not fuffer the 
' Army to come nearer this City than thirty Miles, 
' according to the Order of both Houfes then fent 

* unto you ; to which Letter no Anfwer hath been 

* as yet returned : We are therefore commanded to 

* let you know that, as your Obedience and Anfwer 

* thereunto hath been hitherto expected, fo the 
' Houfes, being informed that, notwithftanding the 

* faid Letter and Order, the Body of the Army 
1 are drawn up much nearer this City than thirty 
' Miles, contrary to the Expectation of the Par T 
4 liament, and tending to the Terror and Aftonifh* 

* ment of the City ; whence, befides the ftraiten- 
' ing of the City of Provifions, fundry other Mif- 

* chiefs may follow : both Houfes, therefore, have 

* thought fit to require you, that you caufe fuch 
c of the Army as are already marched nearer than, 
' thirty Miles, forthwith to draw back to that 

* Diftance, and that no Part of it, come nearer than 
' thirty Miles of this City, according to the faid 

* Order, a Copy whereof is here inclofed (<?). 

* We are alfo commanded to fignify unto you, 

* that as to the diforderly Carnage of fome Ap- 

* prentices and others at T^ieftrmn/fer t the 26th of 

* July laft, the fame is already put into a Way of 

* Examination ; and the Houfes are refolved that 

(t) Thefe arc before given it p. 191. 

20$ T&e Parliamehtdty HISTORY 

*j Car. I. f uc k further Courfe (hall, be taken thereupon at 

J_ 4 !.'_ / fcall be agreeable to Juftice. 

4 The Houfes have alfo received Information: 
6 that, on the laft Lord's Day in the Morning* 
c and within three or four Miles of this Place, a 

* Party of Horfe of that Army under the Com- 

* mand of Major Dejborough, in a ho a ile Man- 
' ner, fell upon divers Perfons that were in a 
' peaceable Condition, and quartered there by Au- 

* thority of Parliament, until they ftiouid get their 

* Arrears paid, and be difbanded, as was formerly 

* ordered : Some of them were murdered, others 

* of them were wounded, and divers of them were 

* ftripped and carried away, pinioned as Prifoners j 

* and divers Horfe and Arms forcibly taken away 

* without any Provocation given : That another 

* Part of the Forces under your Command have fur- 

* prized and feized upon Tilbury Block- Houfe, in 

* Effexy upon the River of Thames : That the 

* Houfes have feen Copies of feveral Warrants, 

* alledged to be figned by yourfelf and the Officers 

* under your Command, for the raifing of the 

* Trained Bands and Forces of the Country as you 
4 pafs, to join with you, for which you never had 
' any Authority of Parliament : That the Houfes 
4 are alfo informed that you have given Orders for 

* the levying of Monies or Provifionson theCoun- 

* try, contrary to the Laws of the Land, and in 
' Violation of the Rights and Freedom of the Sub- 
' jel : That the Houfe of Commons have alfo re- 
' ceived Advertifement from Sir Samuel Luke^ Knt. 
4 a Member of that Houfe, that a Party of Dragoons 

* of the Army, by your Warrant, and a Warrant 

* of one Major Tuleday, did, on the laft Lord's 

* Day, aflault h's Perfon ; and did, by Force, carry 

* him away Prifoner from his own Houfe^ to what 

* Place we know not ; and we cannot hear that he 

* is yet releafed, which the Houfes require you to 
4 fee prefently done. 

4 As they 'hold it ftrange that fuch A&s of Vio- 
4 lence, touching not only on the Liberty, but on 
4 the Lives, of the Subjects, and the Privileges of 

^ENGLAND. 209 

* Parliament, fhould be done, efpecially if it be by An. 23 Car. I. 

* any Direction of yours ; fo they cannot but re- 

* fent them, and the more, not only for the Blood 

* therein fpilt, but alfo for that thofe Aftions, at 
'' this Time, are fo far from conducing to the hap- 
' py Peace that both Houfes have fo earneftly en- 
' deavoured, and do ftill labour to procure, and to 
1 eafe the Kingdom of Charge, that they can be 
' underftood to be no other than Acts of Hostility 
' and the Beginning of a new War, and the In- 
e creafing of Charge upon the Country, by force 
' of Arms, without any Manner of Caufe or Au- 

* thority. 

' Laftly, we are commanded to acquaint you 

* with a Complaint of a high Nature, made by 
' the Commiffioners of the Parliament of Scotland 
1 againfl fome of your Army, for Violation of the 
' Law of Nations, and the Treaty concluded be- 

* tween both Kingdoms, as may appear unto you 
' by a Copy of their Letter we fend you here in- 
' clofed : And confidering that the Proceedings that 

* they complain of m?.y prove of dangerous Confe* 
' quence to both Kingdoms, and tend to the em^ 

* broiling of both Nations in a new War, if a 
e Courfe be not taken to prevent it, the Houfes 

* therefore have thought fit to require you to in- 

* form yourfelf fully therein, and to give them a 

* fpeedy and full Account of the Bnfinefs ; to the 
' end that they may return fuch an Anfwer as may 

* become them to the Commiffioners of the Par- 

* liament of Scotland. We reft 

Tour affectionate Friends and Servants^ 

H U N S D O N, 

Speaker of the Houfe of 
Peers pro Tempo re. 
H. P E L H A M, 
Speaker cf the ffoufe of 

dug 6. After an entire Stop of Bufmefs till this 

Day, (during which Interval, though both Houfes 

VOL. XVI. O met, 

2 1 o 7 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. met, they did nothing but adjoufn dc Die in Diem) 

1 47- Sir Henry Vane, junior, reported, from the Com- 

Tu^Jii ' m ifli l ncrs f Parliament appointed to rcftde with 

the Army, an Account of the Proceedings of the 

Army and Comm-.lTioners for thefe few Days Lift 

\ part ; and the Grounds and Rcafons that were gi- 

to their seats by ven unto them for the Removal and March of the 

the Am-,}. Army to this Town, in regard of the Force and 
Violence offered to ihe Parliament ; and that, 
when Notice came to the Army of this Violence, 
the Army, in Purfuancc of the Orders of both 
Houfes, was forty Miles diftant from the Citt, and 
their Quarters Scattered near 200 Miles ; had al- 
.moft finished their Propofals for fettling the Pu- 
blick Peace ; and were come to a Refolution of 
fending fpecdily 8000 Foot and 2COO Horfe into 
Ireland: But, upon the Notice of this Violence, 
they contracted their Quarters. He further ac- 
quainted the Houfe, That the General himlelr was 
come to London, to Sir Abraham Jl / lUiaKis > i Houfe ; 
and that the Army was advanced to the Town, in 
order to the fare and free Sitting of the Parliament: 
'/'hat, at Colebrsckt*, the Commiiuoners of the Army 
delivered unto the Commiffiotiett of Parliament, 
Heads of Propofals to be treated upon by the Com- 
uiiilioners ; of which he read the Title, and, by 
Command of the Houfe, delivered them in accord - 
Thefe were inclofed in the following De- 

T A * r. ?:. cia ration from. Sir Thomas Fairfax and his Council 

n <:.['. ,- -, r r J 

.M-ituiA ^ War: 

fnmGml C-Mrcob, Aug. 2, 1647. 

INCE our drawing back to Reading, we have 
applied ourfelvep, with all Diligence, to 
frame and h alien an in lire Body of all the parti- 
cular Propofttl;, which we would tender to the 
Commiffioners of Parliament refiding with the 
Army, to be treated on in purfuance of thofe ge- 
neral Defires expreiled in our former Declara- 
tions and Papers, for the fecuring of the com- 
mon Rights and Liberties, and a prcferit fettling 
of the Peace of ths Kingdom. In which Bufi- 

4 nefs, 

I'airfar and hi< 

of War, 
con.rrning the 


^ENGLAND. 2tr 

nefs, (notwithftanding the jnany Interruptions An. a 3 Car. 
and Difturbances, which daily Advertifements of 1647. 
the indirect and treacherous Practices and Pre- ^ r ~~f 
parations of the Committee of Militia, and others A 6U " 
in and about the City of London and elfcwhere$ 
tending to a new War, have occafioned to the 
diverting or retarding of our proceeding therein) 
we have made a Progrefs as fpeedy as the Na-^ 
ture and Weight of fuch a Work would admit j 
and, having finifhed the fame, we have delivered 
in an Abftra6l of the Heads thereof unto th 
faid Commiflioners of Parliament to be treated 

* But the late pernicious Engagement fet on 
foot in the City, and, much more, that prodi- 
gious Violence done to both Houfes of Parlia- 

* ment on Monday laft, having wholly taken us off 

* for the prefent ; and rendered all proceeding in 
' the Way of Treaty thereupon meerly vain and 
4 hopelefs, untill it (hall pleafe God the Parlia* 

* ment be righted and vindicated againft that Vio- 

* lation done to it, and reftored into a Conditiori 
' of Freedom, fo as the unqueftioned Members of 
' it may repair together with Safety, and proceed 
' according to their juft Freedom : We have 

* thought good, in the mean Time, to make this 

* public Tender of the Heads of the Propofals to 

* the Consideration of the whole Kindom ; where-* 
' in, though all Circumftanccs requiiite to be deter - 

* mined in an Actual Settlement be not fo fully and 

* perfectly exprefled as upon the Treaty intended, 

* (if not interrupted as before) they might fpeedily 

* have been ; yet all Men may fee and underftand, 
' in thcfe, the Effect and Bottom of our Defircs ; 

* whereupon we have fincerely ftudicd, that a pre- 
* fent Peace might be fettled ; which fame Thing 

* (with and after fuch Vindication of the Parlia- 

* ment as may again render it into a Capacity to 

* eftablifh the fame) we fliall frill faithfully endea- 
' vour to the utmoft of our Powers ; and accord-* 
4 ingly (hall expect the chearful and hearty Con- 

Q 2 * currenee 

212 *fhe Parliamentary H is TORY 

An. 23 Car. I. currence of all thofc who are, or (hall be, fatif- 

. * *J' j ' fied concerning the Integrity of our Intentions to 

Auguft. ' tne I >eace ail d Welfare of the Kingdom in thefe 

4 Propofals ; or who mall, for the Main, defire or 

4 approve of the fame Things with us, in order to 

4 a Settlement. 

* And to thefe Propofals which we here firft ten- 
4 der as necefTary to a Peace, and upon which we 

* defire the Seal of Peace, (in the Reflitution of 
4 his Majefty and others to their Rights, and in 
4 an Acl of Oblivion to be palled) we caunot but 
4 add trrj further Expreflionof our Defires in fome 

* other Particulars ; which, though not fo efiential 
4 to Peace as neceffary to precede the fettling of it, 
4 yet being Matters of a public Nature, and moft of 
4 them of general Grievance to the Kingdom, 
4 which we everywhere find the Outcries of; and 
4 being contained in, or in purfuance of ; the fame 
4 Things exprefTed in our former Reprefentations 
4 and Papers, we fhall defire, That, the Parliament 
4 being let free, no Time may be loft for a fpeedy 
4 Confederation of them, fo as the former Tilings 
4 for the prefent fettling of Peace be not delayed 
4 thereby. 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the ' ouncll of War, 

J. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

The HE ADS of the P R o p o s A L s agreed upon by bis 
Excellency Sir THOMAS FA in FAX and bis 
Council of f^ar t referred to in the foregoing De- 

?, i, 1647 

With Heads of I. ' TP HAT the Things hereafter propofed 
feme further JL being provided for by this Parliament, 

SiT^ S P " a ccrtain Period ma y b 7 Aa of Parliament, be 
of the Nation. fet for the ending of this Parliament ; fuch Pe- 
riod to be within a Year at moft : And, in the 
fame A61, Provifion to be made for the Succef- 
ceflion and Conftitution of Parliaments in future, 
as followeth : 

i. That 

of E N G L A N D. 213 

1. c That Parliaments may biennially be called, An. 23 Car. I. 
8 and meet at a certain Day, with fuch Provifion t __' 6 * 7 ' , 

e for the Certainty thereof, as in the late Act was A u<^ft. 
' made for Triennial Parliaments, and what fur- 

* ther or other Provifion fnall be found needful by 
' the Parliament to reduce it to more Certainty ; 

* and upon the pafftng of this, the faid Act for 
' Triennial Parliaments to be repealed. 

2. Each Biennial Parliament to fit^, one hun- 

* dred and twenty Days certain, unlefs adjourned, 

* or diflblved fooner by their own Confent 5 after- 

* wards to be adjournable or diflblvable by the King : 
' And no Parliament to fit paft two hundred and 

* forty Days from their firft Meeting, or fome other 

* limited Number of Days now to be agreed on : 

* Upon the Expiration whereof each Parliament 
' to diflblve of courfe, if not otherwife diflblved 

* fooner. 

3. ' The King, upon Advice of the Council of 

* State, in the Intervals betwixt Biennial Parlia- 

* ments, to call a Parliament extraordinary, pro~ 

* vided it meet above feventy Days before the next 

* Biennial Day ; and be diflblved at leaft fixty Days 
e before the fame, fo as the Courfe of Biennial 

* Elections may never be interrupted. 

4. * That this Parliament, and each fucceeding 
e Biennial Parliament, at or before Adjournment 
' or Diflblution thereof, may appoint Committees 

* to continue during the Interval, for fuch Purpofes 
' as are, in any of thefe Propofals, referred to 

* fuch Committees. 

5. * That the Elections of the Commons for 
' fucceeding Parliaments may be diftributed to all 

* Counties, or other Parts or Divifions of the 
' JCingdom, according to fome Rule of Equality 
' or Proportion ; fo as all Counties may have a 
4 Number of Parliament Members allowed to their 
' Choice, proportionable to the respective Rate* 
' they bare in the common Charges and Burthen* 

* of the Kingdom ; or, according to fome other Rule 

* of Equality or Proportion, to render the Houfe 
1 of Commons, as near as may be, an equal Re- 

O 3 ' prefentativc 

2 1 4 tfhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2-, Car. j. ' prcfentative of the whole ; and in order thereun- 

* f o, that a prefent Consideration be had to take 

* c ^ t ^ ie F.k'&ions f Burgeflcs for poor, decayed, 
' or incorftderable Towns ; and to give fome pre- 
1 fent Addition to the Number of Parliament 
' Members for great Counties that have now lefs 

* than their due Proportion ; to bring all, at prefent 
' as near as may be, to fuch a Rule of Proportion 

* as afbrefaid. 

6. ' That effc&ual Provifion be made for future- 

* Freedom of Elections, and Certainty of due Re- 

* turns. 

7. ' That the Houfe of Commons alone have 

* the Power, from Time to Time, to fet down 
' further Orders and Rules for the Ends exprefTed 
41 in the tv/o laft preceeding Articles ; fo as to re- 

* duce the Election of Members of that Houfe to 

* more and more Perfection of Equality in the 

* Distribution, Freedom in the E)e6tion, Order in 

* the proceeding thereto, and Certainty in the Re- 

* turns i which Orders and Rules, in that Cafe, 

* io be as Laws. 

8. ' That there be a Liberty for entertaining 

* Difients in the Houfe of Commons, with a Pro- 
vifion that no Member be cenfurable for ought 

* frud or voted in the Houfe, further than to Exclu- 
' fion from that Truft, and that only by the Judg- 

* ment of the Houfe itfelf. 

That the judicial Power or Power of final 
[udgment in the Lords and Commons, and their 

* Power of Expofition and Application of Law, 

* \vithout further Appeal, may be cleared: And 
' that no Officer of Juftice, Minifter of State, or 

* other Perfon adjudged by them, may be capable 
6 of Protection or Pardon from the King, without 

* their Advice and Confent. 

io. ' That the Right and Liberty of the Com-; 

* mons of England may be cleared and vindicated 

* as to a due Exemption from any Judgment, 
c Trial, or other Proceeding againft them by the 
' Houie of Peers, without the concurring Judg- 

f Judgi 

of ENGLAND. 215 

' ment of the Houfe of Commons : As alfo fiom An. 23 Car. I. 
' any other Judgment, Sentence, or Proceeding 

* againft them, other than by their Equals, or ac- 

* cording to the Law of the Land. 

ii. ' The fame Att to provide, that Grand- 

* Jurymen may be chofen by and for feveral Parts 
' or Divifions of each County reflectively, in fome 

* equal Way; and not remain, as now, at the 

* Difcretion of an Under-SherifF, to be put on or 
1 off: And that fuch Granu- Jurymen for their re- 

* fpecUve Counties may, at each Aflize, prefent the 

* Names of Perfons to be made Juftices of Peace, 
4 from Time to Time, as the Country hath Need. 

* for any to be added to the Commiflionj and at 
' the Summer Affize to prefent the Names of three 

* Perfons, out of whom the King may prick one 
' to be Sheriff for the next Year. 

II. ' For the future Security to Parliaments and 
e the Militia in general, in order thereunto that it 
' be provided, by Act of Parliament, 

1. ' That the Power of the Militia, by Sea and 
6 Land, during the Space of ten Years next enfu- 

* ing, fhall be ordered and difpofed by the Lords 
' and Commons aflembled, and to be aflembled, in 
' the Parliament or Parliaments of England ; or by 

* fuch Perfons as they fhall nominate and appoint 
for that Purpofe, from Time to Time, during the 

* faid Space. 

2. That the faid Power fhall not be ordered, 
difpofed, or exercifed by the King's Majefty that 

* now is, or by any Perfon or Perfons by any Au- 

* thority derived from him, during the faid Space, 
' or at any Time hereafter by his faid Majefty, 
' without the Advice and Confent of the faid Lords 
' and Commons, or of fuch Committees or Coun- 
' cil, in the Intervals of Parliament, as they (hall 
' appoint. 

3. * That during the fame Space of ten Years, 

* the faid Lords and Commons may, by Bill or 
Ordinance, raife and difpofe of what Monies 

* and for what Forces they fhall, from Time to 

* Time, find neceffary; as allb for Paymen-t of 

O 4 th 

2 1 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

A. 73 Car. I. * the Public Debts and Damages ; and for all other 
I6 47- the public Ufcs of the Kingdom. 

Au "ft ' 4" ^ n ^ to t ' le enc ^ t ^ le teinwraf y Security, in- 

' tended by the three Particulars laft precedent, may 
' be the better allured, it may therefore be provided x 
< That no Subjects that have been in Hoftility 
' againft the Parliament in the late War (hall be 
6 capable of bearing any Office of Power or pub- 

* lie Truft in the Common-wealth, during the 

* Space of five Years, without Confent of Parlia- 
4 ment, or of the Council of State -, or to fit as 

* Members, or Afiiftants, of either Houfe of Parlia- 

* ment, 'till the fecond Biennial Parliament be paft. 

III. ' For the prefent Form of difpofing the 

* Mi!itia, in order'to the Peace and Safety of this 
' Kingdom, and the Service of Ireland, 

1. ' That there be Commiflioners for the Ad- 

* miralty, with a Vice-Admiral and Rear-Admiral, 

* now to be agreed upon, with Power for the form- 

* ing, regulating, appointing of Officers, and pro- 

* viding for the Navy, and for ordering the fame to 
' and in the ordinary Service of the Kingdom ; and 
' that there be a fufficient Provifion and Eftablifh- 

* ment for Pay and Maintenance thereof. 

2. * That there be a General for Command of 

* the Land Forces that are to be in Pay, in Eng- 
' land, Ireland^ and Wales^ both for Field and 

* Garrifon. 

3. ' That there be Commiflioners in the feveral 
Counties, for the (landing Militia of the refpec- 
f iive Counties, confiding of Train'-d Bands and 

* Auxiliaries not in Pay ; with Power for the pro- 
' portioning, forming, regulating, training and dif-* 

* ciplining of them. 

4. f That there be a Council of State, with 
( Power to Cupel-intend and direct the fev.'ral and 
' particular Powers of the Militia laft mentioned, 

* for the Peace and Safety of this Kingdom, and, 
' of Ireland. 

5. f That the fame Council may have Po'.ver 

* as the King's Privy-Council, for and in all fo- 
6 rcien Negotiations : Provided that the malting' of 

^ENGLAND. 217 

* War or Peace with any other Kingdom or State, An. 23 Car. 
f (hall not be without Advice and Confent of Par. L l647 ' 

^ liament. 

6. c That the faid Power of the Council of 
' State be put into the Hands of trufty and able 

* Perfons, now to be agreed on ; and the fame Per- 

* ions, to continue in that Power, ft benefe geffi- 

* rint, for a certain Term not exceeding feven 

* Years. 

7. * That there be a fufficie'nt Eftablifhment 

* now provided for the Salary of Forces both in 

* England and Ireland ; the Eibblifhment to con- 
' tinue until t*vo Months after the Meeting of the 

* firft Biennial Parliament. 

IV. < That an A ft be pafled for difpofing the 
f great Offices, for ten Years, by the Lords and 

* Commons in Parliament, or by fuch Commit- 

* tees as they fhall appoint for that Purpofe in the 

* Intervals, with Submiffion to the Approbation of 

4 the next Parliament; and after ten Years, they 
f to nominate three, and the King out of that Num- 

* ber to appoint one for the Succeflion upon any 
,* Vacancy. 

V. * That an Aft be pafled for reftraining any 
' Peers, made fince the 2ift Day of May^ 1642, 
.' or to be hereafter made, from having any Power 
.' to fit or vote in Parliament, without Confent of 
' both Houfcs. 

VI. c That an Aft be pafled for recalling and 

* making void all Declarations and other Proceed- 

5 ings againft the Parliament, or againft any that 
5 have a6led by ? or under, their Authority in the 

* late War, or in relation to it : And that the Or- 
' dinances for Indemnity may be confirmed. 

VII. That an A& be patted for making void all 

* Grants, &c. under the Great Seal, that was con- 

* veyed away from the Parliament, fince the Time 
? it was fo convey'd away, except as in the Par- 
' liament's Propofitions ; and ior making thofe va- 
' lid that have been, or fhall be pafTed, under the 

* Great Seal made by the Authority of both Houfes 
of Parliament, 


2 1 8 T/je Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. VIII. ' That an A& be parted for Confirms- 

lf> li- tlon of the Treaties between the two Kingdoms 

~ u ^ * of England and Scotland, and for appointing Con- 

* fervators of the Peace betwixt them. 

IX. ' That the Ordinance for taking away the 
' Court of Wards and Liveries be confirmed by 
' Act of Parliament ; provided his Majefty's Re- 
' venue be not damnified therein, nor thofe that 
' laft held Offices in the fame left without Repara- 
' tion fome other way. 

X. ' An Aft to declare void the Ceflation of 

* Ireland^ &c. and to leave the Profecution of that 
' War to the Lords and Commons in the Parlia- 
' ment of England. 

XI. ' An Adi: to be parted to take away all co- 

* ercive Power, Authority, and Jurifdiclion of Bi- 
' {hops, and all other Ecclefiaftical Officers what- 

* foever, extending to any Civil Penalties upon any j 

* and to repeal all Laws, whereby the Civil Ma- 

* giftracy hath been, or is bound, upon any Eccle- 

* fiaftical Cenfure, to proceed, ex Officio, unto any 

* Civil Penalties againft any Perfons fo cenfured. 

XII. That there be a Repeal of all Afts, or 
Claufes in any Ac% enjoining the Ufeof the Book 

* of Common Prayer, and impofing any Penalties 
for Neglect thereof; as alfoof all Ads, or Claufes 
' m any A61, impofing any Penalty for not coming 
to Church, or for Meetings elfewhere for Prayer 
or other religious Duties, Exercifes or Ordinan- 

< ces ; and fome other Provifion to be made for dif- 

< covering of Papifts and Popifh Recufants, and for 
difabling of them, and of all Jefuits or Pricfts, 
from difturbing the State. 

XIII. * That the taking of the Covenant be not 

* inforced upon any, nor any Penalties impofed upon. 

* the Refufers, whereby Men might be conftrained 
c to take it againft their Judgments or Confciences ; 

* but all Orders or Ordinances tending to that Pur- 

* pofe to be repealed. 

XIV. That (the Things here before propofed 
^ being provided for fettling and fecuring the Rights 
^Liberties, Peace, and Safety of the Kingdom) 

ef ENGLAND. 219 

* his Majcfty's Perfon, his Queen, and Royal An. 2 ^ Car. I. 

* Iflue, may be reftored to a Condition of Safety, * 4 _ 7 ' v 

* Honour and Freedom in this Nation ; without Auguft. 

* Diminution to their perfonal Rights, or further 
4 Limitation to the Exercife of the Regal Power, 
4 than according to the Particulars aforegoing. 

XV. * For the Matter of Compofrtions : 

1. ' That a lefs Number out of the Perfons ex- 
4 cepted in the two firft Qualifications, (not ex - 
' ceeding five for the Englijb] being nominated 

* particularly by the Parliament, who, together 

* with the Perfons in the Irljh Rebellion, includ r 

* ed in the third Qualification, may be referved to 
' the further Judgment of the Parliament, as they 

* fhall find Caufe ; all other excepted Perfons may 

* be remitted from the Exception, and admitted to 
c Composition. 

2. * That the Rates for all future Compofitions 

* may be leflened and limited, not to exceed the 

* feveral Proportions hereafter exprefs'd refpeclive- 

* ly : That is to fay, 

' For all Perfons formerly excepted, not above a 
' third Part. 

* For the late Members of Parliament, under the 

* firft Branch of the fourth Qualification in the 

* Propofitions, a fourth Part. 

* For other Members of Parliament, in the fe- 
e cond and third Branches of the fame Qualifica- 

* tion a fixth Part. 

* For the Perfons nominated in the faid fourth 
e Qualification, and thofe included in the tenth 

* Qualification, an eighth Part. 

* For all others included in the fixth Qualifica- 

* tion, a tenth Part. 

And that all real Debts, either upon Record 

* or proved by Witnefles, be confidered, and abat- 
' ed in the Valuation of their Eftates, in all the 

* Cafes aforefaid. 

3. ' That thofe who fhall hereafter come to 

* compound, may not have the covenant put 

* upon them as a Condition without which they 
' may not compound j but in cafe they mail not 


220 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. { willingly take it, they may pafs their Compoflr 
t >0 *7- ^ tions without it. 

Auguft 4- ' That the Perfons and Eftates of all Englijf\ 

c not worth 200 /. in Lands or Goods, be at 
' Liberty and difcharged ; and that the King's ;ne- 
' nial Servants, that never took up Arms, but only 

* attended his Perfon according to their Offices, 

* may be freed from Compofition, or pay at moft 

* but the Proportion of one Year's Revenue, or a 

* twentieth Part. 

5. That, in order to the making and perfect- 

* ing of Compofitions at the Rates aforefaid, the 
' Rents, Revenues, and other Dues and Profits of 

* all fequeftered Eftates whatfoever, except the E- 

* {rates of fuch Perfons who (hall be continued 
' under Exception as before, be from henceforth 

* fufpended and detained in the Hands of the re- 
4 fpective Tenants, Occupants, and others from 

* whom they are due, for the Space of fix Months 

* following. 

6. ' That the Faith of the Army, or other Forces 

* of the Parliament, given in Articles upon Sur- 
' renders to any of the King's Party, may be fully 

* made good ; and where any Breach thereof fliall 

* appear to have been made, full Reparation and 
' Satisfaction may be given to the Parties injured, 
' and the Perfons offending, being found out, may 

* be compelled thereto. 

XVI. That there be a general Aft of Oblivion 
' to extend unto all, (except the Perfons to be con- 
' tinued in Exception as before) to abfolve from 

* all Trefpafles, Mifdemeanors, &c. done in Pro- 
' fecution of the War, and from all Trouble or 

* Prejudice for or concerning the fame, after their 

* Compofitions paft ; and to reftore them to all 
' Privileges, &c. belonging to other Subjects, pra- 

* vided, as in the fourth Particular under the fe- 

* cond general Head aforegoing concerning Se- 

* curity. 

' And whereas there have been, of late, ftrong 

* Endeavours and Practices of a factious and def- 

* perate Party, to embroil this Kingdom in a new 


of E N G L A N t>. 211 

c War> and for that Purpofe to induce the King, 

* Queen, and Prince to declare for the faid Party ; 

* and alfo to excite and ftir up all thofe of the King's 
' late Party, to appear and engage for the fame ; 
' which Attempts and Defigns, many of the King's 
' Party, out of their Defires to avoid further Mifery 
' to the Kingdom, have contributed their Endea- 
' vours to prevent, as for divers of them we have had 

* particular Afiurance: We do therefore defire, 

* that fuch of the King's Party who {hall appear to 
' have exprefled, and fhall hereafter exprefs that 
< Way, their good Affections to the Peace and 
' Welfare of the Kingdom, and to hinder the em- 

* broiling of the fame in a new War, may be freed 

* and exempted from Compofitions, or to pay but 
c one Years Revenue, or a twentieth Part. 

Thefe Particulars aforegoing are the Heads of 
' fuch Propofals as we have agreed on to tender, in, 

* order to the fettling of the Peace of this Kingdom j 

* leaving the Terms of Peace for the Kingdom of 

* Scotland to ftand as in the late Proportions of both 
4 Kingdoms, until that Kingdom fhall agree to 

* any Alteration. 

Next to the Propofals aforefaid for the prefent 

* fettling of Peace, we (hall defire that no Time rrfay 

* be loft by the Parliament for difpatch of other 

* Things tending to the Welfare, Eafe, and juft 
Satisfaction of the Kingdom ; and in fpecial Man- 


1. ' That the juft and neceflary Liberty of the 
4 People to reprefent their Grievances and Defires, 

* by way of Petition, may be cleared and vindi- 

* cated, according to the fixth Head in the late Re- 
' prefentation or Declaration of the Army fent from 
St. Allan's (a}. 

2. ' That, in purfuance of the fame Head in the 

* faid Declaration, the common Grievances of the 

* People may be fpeedily confidered of, and effec- 
' tually redrefled ; and in particular, 


(a) This Declaration is giycn at large, in our Fifteenth Volume, 
P- 455 

222 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < That the Excife may be taken off from fuck 
t l647 ' j * Commodities whereon the poor People of the 
A ft. * Land do ordinarily live, and a certain Time to be 
' limited for taking off the whole. 

* That the Oppreffions and Encroachments of 
' Foreft Laws may be prevented for the future. 

All Monopolies, old or new, and Reftraintsto 

* the Freedom of Trade to be taken off. 

* That a Courfe may be taken, and Com- 
' miflioners appointed, to remedy and rectify the 
' Inequality of Rates being upon feveral Counties, 
' and feveral Parts of each County, in refpe<St of 

* others, and to fettle the Proportions for Land- 
' Rates to more Equality throughout the King- 

* dom ; in order to which we (hall offer fome 

* further Particulars, which we hope may be 
< ufeful. 

* The prefent unequal, troublefome, and con- 

* tentious Way of Ministers Maintenance by 
' Tythes to be confidered of, and fome Remedy 
' applied. 

4 That the Rules and Courfe of Law, and the 

* Officers of it, may be fo reduced and reformed, 

* as that all Suits and Queftions of Right may be 
' more clear and certain in the Ifiucs, and not fo 

* tedious nor chargeable in the Proceeding as now ; 
' in order to which we {hall offer fome further 

* Particulars hereafter. 

4 That Prifoners for Debt, or other Creditors, 

* who have Eftates to difcharge them, may not, 
4 by embracing Imprifonment or any other Ways, 

* have Advantage to defraud their Creditors ; but 
c that the Eftates of all Men may be fome Way 

* made liable to their Debts, (as well as Tradcfmeii 

* are by Commiflions of Bankrupt) whether they 
c be imprifoned for it or not. And that fuch Pri- 
4 foners for Debt, who have not wherewith to 
c pay, or at leaft to yield up what they have to 

* their Creditors, may be freed from Imprifon- 
' ment, or fome Way provided for, fo as neither 
' they nor their Families may perifh by their Im- 

* prifonments. 


of E N G L A N D. 223 

* Some Provifions to be made, that none may An. -, cr. I. 

* be compelled, by Penalties or otherwifc, to an- , " 647- , 
' fwer unto Queftions tending to the accufmg of Ausu ft. 

' themfelves or their neareft Relations, in criminal 
4 Caufes, and no Man's Life to be taken away 
.' under two Witnefles. 

* That Confideration may be had of all Statutes, 

* and the Laws or Cuftoms of Corporations,, im- 

* pofmg any Oaths ; either to repeal, or elfe to qua- 
4 lify and provide againft the fame, fo far as they 

* may extend or be conftrued to the Molcftation, 
*'or enfnaring of religious and peaceable People, 

* merely for Nonconformity in Religion. 

3. * That, according to the fevcnth Head in the 

* Declaration of the Army, the large Powers given 

* to Committees or Deputy-Lieutenants, during 

* the late Times of War and Diftradtion, may 

* be fpeedily taken into Confideration, to be re- 
4 called and made void; and that fuch Powers of 
4 that Nature as (hall appear necefTary to be pon- 

* tinued, may be put into a regulated Way, and 
4 left to as little Arbitrarinefs as the Nature and 

* Neceflity of the Things wherein they areconver- 

* fant will bear. 

4. * That, according to the eighth Head in the 
4 faid Declaration, an effectual Courfe may be taken 

* that the Kingdom may be righted and fatisfied, 

* in point of Accounts, for the vaft Sums that 
f have been levied. 

5. * That Provifion may be made for Payment 

* of Arrears to the Army, and the reft of the Sol-* 

* dicrs of the Kingdom, who have concurred with 

* the Army in the late Defires and Proceedings 

* thereof; and, in the next Place, for Payment of the 
1 public Debts and Damages of the Kingdom; and 

* that to be performed, firfr, to fuch Perfons whofe 

* Debts or Damages, upon the public Account, 

* are great, and their Eftates fmall, fo as they arc 
4 thereby reduced to a Difficulty of Subfiftance ; 
4 in order to all which, and to the fourth Par- 
4 -ticular laft preceeding, we (hall fpeedily offer 

* fome further Particulars, in the Nature of Rules, 

5 ' which 


Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 21 Car. Ii c which we hope will be of good Ufe towards pub- 
l647 ' lie Satisfaction.' 


A Thankfgiving 

By the Appointment of bis Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of War, 

JO. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

had kft the 

The firft Thing the Lords ordered this Day* 
ay h PP Ar ne 's ~ u ' ^* was to a PP omt a Thankfgiving for God's 
bringing baTk the great Mercy, in bringing the Members of both 
Members that Houfes of Parliament back again to their Seats j 
fa Safety, an( j preferring them from Tumults with- 
out Bioodflied. Mr. Marjhal and Mr. Nye were 
ordered to preach before the Members of both 
Houfes that Day, in the Abbey Church at Weft- 

The Commiffioners of Parliament, (thofe that 
attended the Peribn of the King and thofe for the 
Army) declared, that the Reafon they had not given 
the Lords any late Intelligence, was, in regard of 
the Violence and Force that had been lately ufed 
to both Houfes in the Tumult. On which their 
Lordfhips voted, Th^t they approved of what the 
Commiflioners had done, in omitting any Returns 
to them of their Employment, in refpecl of the late 
great Difturbances. Next the following Vote 
was agreed to : 

Rgfohed, &c. c That the Ordinance of the 26th 
Bay.<>* Jfy laft, for revoking and making void the 
Ordinance of the 23d of the fame Month, for fet- 
t lj n g tne Militia of the City of London^ being gained 
from the Houfes by Force and Violence ; and all 
Votes, Orders, and Ordinances, and other A&s 
made, or pretended to be made, fmce the faid Ordi- 
nance, by any Perfons in either of the Houfes, by 
Colour of Parliament, before the Return of Ed- 
ward Earl of Manchefter^ Speaker of the Houfe of 
Peers, and William Lenthall., Efq. Speaker of the 
Houfe of Commons, are null and void, and are 
hereby declared fo to be.' 

Ordered, That thefe Votes, &c. (hould be fent 
to the Commons for their Concurrence. 

The Lords de- 

Interval to be 

*f ENGLAND. 225 

Then a Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax, with a An - *3 Car. I. 
Declaration inclofed, were both read : ^ ' 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, and WILLIAM 
LENTHALL, Efq ; Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 
mons, or either of them. 

Colebrooke, Aug, 3, 1647. 
Right Honourable, 

HAving refolved on this Inclofed, as the Senfe A Letter to the 
; of this Army, upon Occafion of the late Parliament from 
Violence offered to yourfelves and to both Houfes / ' 
of Parliament, I think fit to tender the fame unto 
you ; and defire that you would be pleafed to com- 
municate it to the Members of both Houfes now 
in the Army. I remain 

Tour Humble Servant, 


/^DECLARATION of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and his Council of War, on Behalf of 
themfelves and the whole Army, Jhewing the Grounds 
of their prefent Advance towards the City of 
London (a). 

Colebrooke, Augujl 3, 1647. 
\\J HEN this Army was formerly led by A Declaration of 

* W the manifold Difpenfations of God's Pro- the Army's Rea- 
' vidence, and the Grounds then declared, to ad- ^g towSdT' 

' vance towards the City of London, we held it London. 

* our Duty to yield the Kingdom the Sum of thofe 
' Defines, which we had to propofe on Behalf of 

* -it and ourfelves, wherein we fhould acquiefce : 

* And having received from the 'Parliament fome 

* Hopes of due Satisfaction therein, and fome Af- 

* furance from the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and 

* Common Council of the City of London, of their 

* ready Concurrence with us in thofe Things ; and 

VOL. XVI. P < alfo 

(a) From the Original Edition at Oxford, by J. Harris and 
H, Hilli, Printers to his Excellency Sir Thomas Fairfax, 1647, 

226 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. e a jf o g reat Refolution, profefTed by them, of their 
j c Care and Tendcrnefs to preferve all the Rights and 
' Privileges of Parliament fafe, free, and inviolate 
' from Attempts of all Kinds ; we do appeal to 
' God, to the City, and to all Men, what a fpeedy 
' Compliance their Defires for our Removal to a 

* further Diftance found in this Army; for prevent - 
' ing all Fears, Jealoufies, and other Inconveni- 

* ences to the City, and to give clear Teftimony 

* that we had nothing in our Breaft but Thoughts 
< of Peace, and the Good and Welfare both of the 

* Parliament, City, and Kingdom; notwithftand- 

* ing many falfe and fcandalous Reports raifed that 

* we fought our Selves, that we had vile and wicked 

* Ends, and that nothing would fatisfy the Soldiers 

* but the Plunder of the City ; the contrary where- 

* of did manifeftly appear, when they fo readily 

* marched back upon Hopes of Satisfaction in their 

* Defires of public Concernment. 

* Having then, upon the aforefaid Confidence, fo 
' withdrawn ; and, out of a juft Senfe of the Coun- 
' try's Suffering by quartering, removed the Head- 

* quarters of the Army above forty Miles from Lon- 
' clan, and difperfed the reft well nigh 200 Miles, 
' tor the more Eafe of all Parts, and that we might 

* give the better Satisfaction to the Kingdom ; and 
4 being in this fecure Way, and labouring after the 
' fudden Settlement of the Kingdom, we had even 
' brought to Perfection the particular Propofals 

* (included in the Generals of our firft Reprefen- 

* ration) to be fent to the Parliament for a final 

* Conciufion ^f .ill ourTroubles; and alfo had made 
' good Progreis towards the prefent Relief of dif- 
' trefled Ireland^ by iJli/ning a competent Force 
' both of Horfe and Foot forthwith to have ad van* 

* ccd for that Service. 

' But the Kingdom's and our Enemies being 
' moft vigilant and active to prevent a:id fruftrate 
' thofe good Intentions and Endeavours of ours> 
' (that they might carry on their former evil De- 
' ligns, end under-hand rraftices, and alfo preferve 

* themfelves from the Hands of Juftice) have en- 

' deavoured 

of E N G L A N D. 227 

* deavoured to caft the Kingdom into a new and An. 23 Car. I, 

* bloody War ; and for that End have procured the 

* under-hand Lifting of feveral Reformadoes and 
' others ; have contrived, promoted, and caufed to 

* be entered into by feveral Perfons, a wicked and 
' treafonable Combination as is fufficiently mani- 

* fefted by a Declaration patted thereupon by both 
' Houfes of Parliament the 2^d of July laft, for 
4 Prevention of the Difturbances that were like to 
6 enfue thereupon : From which Kind of Diforders 

* the City hath been well preferved during the Space 
' of almoft four Years, whilft the Militia was iri 
' the Hands of the old Commiflioners ; whereby 

* it appears there was Caufe for the Army to intreat 

* the Parliament that the Militia might be returned 

* into the Hands it was in before, as alfo for divers 

* other good Reafons. 

' rirft.* The old Commiffioners of the Militia, 

* that have been fince left put, were not only Per- 

* fons without all Exception, having been formerly 
' chofen and approved by the Parliament and City, 

* but alfo Men of whom the City, Parliament, and 
' Kingdom, have had above four Years Experience 

* in the faithful Difcharge of their Truft : Men 
' that ever from the Beginning, in the worft of 

* Times, and in the Occafions of greateft Difficul- 

* ty, had faithfully and constantly engaged for and 
with the Parliament in this Caufe : Men that 
< were always moft defirous of a Peace, but of a fafe 

* and well-grounded one, and that had always 
testified a great Care to prevent all Occafions of 

* embroiling the Kingdom in a new War. Now 

* that, on a fudden, this Truft, which they had 
' faithfully difcharged fo long, fhould be taken out 
' of their Hands, and put into the Hands of others, 

* fome whereof, at the beft, have been very cool 

* in the Service of the Parliament at the Begin- 
ning of this War : That this fhould be prefled, 

* and in a Manner forced upon the Parliament, 

* with fuch Importunity from the Common Coun- 

* cil, that fome out of every Ward fhould be ap- 

Pa * pointed 

228 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c pointed to follicit the Members of the Houfe of 
4 Commons, every Day as they went in and out 
' of the Houfe, with Profeflions, That they would 
' never leave the Door of the Houfe till they were 
e fatisned in their Defires : That they would not 
4 be contented with the Militia of the City of Lon- 
4 don only, unlefs they might have Power over that 
4 of the Suburbs and Out-parts ; and all this before 
6 the Peace of the Kingdom was fettled, or the 
c Proportions fent to the King for that Purpofe. 
4 Thefe Things miniftred great Caufe of Sufpicion 
4 that this Alteration of the Militia was in order 
4 to a Defign, and to make the Terms of the Peace 
e and Agreement with the King (on which the 
4 Security of the whole Kingdom and their Pofte- 
4 rity is to be bottomed) more fuitable to the pri- 

* vate Bargainings and Undertakings offomeMen, 
4 than to the public Welfare of the whole King- 
4 dcm in its Security and Profperity, for the prefent 
4 and in future Times. But this Defign difcover'd 
4 itfelf more clearly by fuch Things as accompanied 

* the Purfuit of this Alteration of the Militia, and 
4 enfued upon the obtaining thereof : At the fame 
4 Time that the Alteration of the Militia was fet 
4 on Foot, the fame Perfons, with as much Ear- 
6 neftnefs, prefled for the Difbanding of this Army, 

* before any thing was fettled for the Security and 
c Liberties of the Kingdom. At the fame Time 
4 the Common Council was new modelled, and a 
c Lord Mayor chofen that might fuit with the pre- 
4 fent Defign in hand : At the fame Time (under 

* Colour of Differences in fome Circumftances of 
4 Church-Government) it was earneftly endea- 
4 voured that fuch as had been conftantly true and 
4 moft faithful to the Intereft of this Kingdom, 
fhould be difabled to have any Employment in 
Church or Commonwealth either in England or 
4 Ireland: And, without any Colour or Pretence, 
c divers Perfons were left out of the Common 

* Council and Militia, of eminent Deferts and Fi- 
c delity, and others brought into their room, that 

* had 

^ENGLAND, 229 

' had either teftified an ill Affeclion, or little Af- An. 23 Car. T. 
' feclion, to the Parliament and their Caufe ; and t _* 64 " 7 ' , 
1 fuch as Teemed to withdraw themfelves from all ^ugvift, 
' Employment in the Beginning of this War, now 
' at the winding up thereof, are amhitious to thruft 

* themfelves into Employments ; with a Defign, as 
' may juftly be fufpeted, to fruftrate and over- 

* throw, in the Clofe of all, the Fruit and EffecT: of 
' all the Coft and Blood that hath been fpent and 

* fpilt in this Caufe : And after that with Difficul- 

* ty, and not without Reluftancy in the Houfes of , 
4 Parliament, they had obtained the Power of the 

4 Militia of London, and alfo in the Out-parts, for 
4 the Space of one Year, many chief Officers and 
4 under-officers in the Train'd Bands, of known 
' Truft and Fidelity, were difplaced, and others of 

* more doubtful Affe&ions placed in their room ; 
4 little Care was taken of the Honour of the Par- 
1 1 iament, which was continually trampled under 
4 Foot, and their Authority affronted, by every 
4 Rabble of Women, Apprentices, Reformadoes, 
4 and Soldiers ; which latter Sort of Perfons were 
4 thereby fo encouraged to rife higher and higher 

* in their tumultuous Carriages againft the Houfes, 
4 till at length it is rifen to the Height of barbarous 
4 and Monftrous Violence againft the Parliament, 
4 that they might fet themfelves on Work and the 
4 Kingdom on Fire again ; And now at length 
4 the Defign appears open faced ; and though the 

* Militia be made as the principal Ground of the 

* Quarrel, yet, by the late Vow and Engagement, 

* fet on Foot before any Alteration of the Militia, 

* and the prefling fo much the Meflage of the I2th 

* of May, and the King's coming to London to con- 

* firm the fame, they ftiew that the Militia is de- 

* fired but in order to that Defign, and to force the 

* Parliament, being wholly in their Power, to fuch 

* Terms of Peace as they pleafed. 

* In the next Place, when the Intereft of the 

* Common Council, in their Change of the Mili- 
4 tia, fhall be claimed as the Birthright of the City 

* of London (which they never had any Colour 

P 1 ' tQ 

23*3 Vhe Parli at?ient ary HISTORY 

a? Car. I. < to pretend to, faving by the Indulgency of the 
* ^ j ( Parliament unto them fmce this Parliament, in, 
Augu& ' refpecl of the great Ufe they have had of them, 

* and the many good Services they have received 
' from them) it is Time for all the Kingdom to 
< look to their Birthrights, if fuch a Claim {hall be 
held up againft both Houfes of Parliament, That 
' upon no Occafion whatfoever, nor in no Time of 

* Danger and Diftra&ion whatfoever, they may 
c appoint thofe that {hall have the Power of the 

* Militia of London without'the Confent of the Com- 

* mon Council, efpecially when as the Houfes {hall 
c fit under their Power : The late Example may 

* evidence to all the World who {hall be Mailers 
' of the Parliament's Freedom and Refolutions ; 
' and common Reafon will teach every Man who 
' (hall be Mafters of the Birthrights of the whole 
e Kingdom, when there {hall be no Army on Foot, 
' when they have the Confidence to difpute for the 

* Maftery, notwithftanding fuch an Army as this to 

* check and balance them in Behalf of the Kingdom 
c and Parliament. 

Laftly, l The Army difcermng how intimate fom,e 
' of the Militia were with fome of the eleven accufed 

* Members ; how forward they were to comply and 
' aft with them in their Endeavours to raife a new 
' War j how they made eighteen or nineteen Votes 

* thereunto, together with them, in one Night, all 

* which the Common - Council, and Parliament 
c difliked and revoked ; how notwithftanding they 

* afterwards fecretly promoted their Defigns by pri- 

* vate Liftings, which now appear to have been ftill 
' working under Ground : 

* The Army, we fay, obferving this, and ha- 

* ving no more in their Thoughts and Defires than. 

* to fettle a fpeedy, fafe, and well-grounded Peace, 
f and to prevent a new War, found it neceffary to 

* dcfire, That the Militia might be put into the 
' Hands wherein it was formerly, who had appro- 

* ved themfelves both to the Army, Parliament, 

* and Kingdom, to be fober-mincied IvL'n, and 

* not given to any Practices whereby a new 


of E NG L A N D. 231 

* XVar might be kindled ; to the Intent that the An - 2 3 c - 

* Army, being fecurcd by that Means from that l 

* Danger, might, with the more Confidence, retire 

* farther from the City, enlarge their Quarters for 

* the greater Eafe of the Kingdom, and intend 

* wholly the fettling of a fure Peace in this King- 

* dom, and a fpeedy and effectual Relief of Ire- 

* land ; which was almoft brought to a Period, and 
' nothing in the Sight of Man could have hinder- 

* ed, but the curled Violence upon the Parliament 
4 under Pretence of the Militia ; which, according 
c to our Defire, being reftored again into the Hands 

* of the old Commiffioners, by an Ordinance of 
' both Houfes, dated July 23 : In purfuance of the 
' aforefaid treafonable Combination, feveral Peti- 
' tions were prefented to the Common-Council 

* of the City of London^ in the Name of Appren- 
c tices, and others, importing their Defires that 

* the Militia of the City might continue' in the 
' Hands of the former Commiffioners, according to 

* the Ordinance of the 4th of May laft : Where- 
e upon, Monday July 26, the Common -Council 

* of the City prefent their Petitions to both Houfes 
' for changing the Militia ; wherein the Houfe of 

* Lords refufe to alter their Refolutions. The 

* Houfe of Commons anfwered, They would take 
' it into Confideration next Morning : Notwith- 

* {landing which, the City and Kingdom cannot be 
' ignorant with what Rage and Infolency the Tu- 

* mult of Apprentices, the fame Day, forced both 
' Houfes : They blocked up their Doors, fwearing 
' they would keep them in till they had pafled what 

* Votes they pleafed : They threatened the Houfes 

* if they granted not their Defires ; knocking, 
4 hooting, and hollowing fo at the Parliament- 
' Doors, that many Times the Members could 

* not be heard to fpeak or debate ; not fuffering 
4 the Houfe of Commons to divide for determining 

* fuch Queftions as were put ; crying out, That 
' thofe that gave their Votes again/} them Jhould be 
' fent out to them ; very often and loudly crying, 

* dgree, agree ; difpatch^ we'll wait no longer j and 

P 4 * in 

232 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. c in this outrageous Manner they continued at the 

1647. ( Houfe above eight Hours together, neither the 

* A uft ' * ^'ty Guards tnere prefent, nor the City, relieving 

* them j by reafon whereof the Houfe . was forced 
4 to vote what that rude Multitude would demand, 

* and then adjourned thcmlelves till next Morning; 
4 after which the Houfe rifing, (the Speaker and 

* many of the Members going out of the Houfe) 

* they forced them back again into the Houfe, many 
4 of the Apprentices preffing in with them ; where 
4 they flood with their Hats on their Heads, and 
4 compelled the Speaker to take the Chair, and the 
4 Houfe to vote, in their Prefence, what they pleaf- 
4 ed ; committing many other Infolences, as is pub- 
4 lifhed by the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons 
4 in his Declaration (), and is too well known by 
4 all then prefent : And during the Time of this 
' execrable Violence done by the faid Apprentices, 
4 WejlmirJler-Hall and the Palace-Yard were filled 
4 with Reformadoes and other ill-affe&ed Perfons 
' defigned to back them. 

c After tn's, the Houfes being adjourned 'till Fri- 
4 day following, upon the Tbwfday the Appentices 

* printed and pofted a Paper in feveral Places of the 
4 City, r quiring all their Fellows to be early at the 
4 Parliament the next Morning, for that they in- 

* tended to adjourn by Seven of the Clock, and that 
4 for a Month. 

4 Thus the Speakers, with many of the Mem- 

* hers of both Houfes, were driven away from the 

* Parliament. 

4 This being the true State of Things as they 

* have broke forth within thefe few Days, (which 
4 are fo contrary to all thofe Pretences of Peace, 
4 and Deteftation of a new War of late fo fre- 
4 quently held forth on all Sides) all Men may ob- 

* lerve to what Maturity the long projected Defign 

* of fome Men (of whom are thofe that are im- 

* peached by us) is now brought, and may be 
4 traced in the feveral Steps thereof, as it hath 

* tended 

ft) The Army's thus referring to the Speaker's Declaration feems 
to confirm the Account given of that Matter at p. 2o. 

0f ENGLAND. 233 

' tended to the Enflaving this Kingdom, and the An - 23 Car. 

' Deftructicn of all fuch well-affeaed People who ^__ 

' would not comply with them therein ; fo as, by 

4 what is now come to light, the Juftnefs of that 

4 Caufe this Army had engaged themfelves in, and 

4 the great and wonderful Mercy of God in con- 

' tinuing them together, we affure ourfelves, doth 

' now clearly appear to all Men's Eyes and Appre- 

4 henfions ; and will every Day more and more be 

4 acknowledged, even by thofe that haye heretofore 

4 made a Queftion of it. 

( And if when this Kingdom hath fpent fo much 

* of its Blood and Treafure, hath pafled through 
' fuch unheard of Dangers, and overcome fuch 
4 Difficulties fo many Years together, all that they 
4 muft now hope for, and reft in, muft only be 

* what the King grants in his Meifage of the i2th 

* of May laft : And if this muft be impofed upon 

* Men's Judgments and Confciences by an Oath 

* and Vow, entered into in a tumultuous and un- 

* lawful Way, and by Outrage maintained, in 

* Defpight and Contempt of the Parliament : If 
1 rather than this fhould not be accomplifhed, the 

* Parliament itfelf muft be violated and forced in- 
' to the Hands of fuch of the Members thereof as 

* have fecretly fomented and abetted thefe Prac- 
' tices, to the end that thefe hidden Councils and 

* Works of Darknefs might, when they come to 

* their full Birth, have the Image of higheft Au- 
' thority in the Face of them, the better to gain 

* Credit thereunto, and fecure the Authors of them 

* from Punifhment : For the Evidence of all which 

* we refer ourfelves to the Particulars in our Charge 

* againft the Eleven Members, compared with 
4 thofe Paflages of late broke forth, before rehear- 
4 fed : Unto which we {hall now only add, and 

' 4 leave it to the Confideration of all wife and good 
4 Men, with what Artifice and Boldnefs thefe 
4 Members have ferved themfelves of thofe horrid 

* Tumults and Violences of their own creating, 
' inftead of {hewing their Deteftation of them, 
' again to intrude themfelves into the public ma- 

' naging 

234 y& e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 43 Car. I. * nJiging of Affairs, and inevitably to embroil the 
j6 47- ^ Kingdom in a new War ; which their own Rc- 
" v * vengc, and the compafling of their former Plots 

* and Defigns, makes them fo greedily thirft after. 

* If thefe Things, we fay, muft be the End and 

* Upfhot of all, what then remains to this poor 
Kingdom and all true-hearted Engllfomen^ but to 

* join together, as one Man, with their Counfels, 
' Eftates, and Lives in this Way, as our laft Refuge 
' under God ; which he, by his wife and gracious 
' Providence hath provided and referred, by keep- 

* ing up this Army even to a Miracle, fo to prevent 
e the aforefaid Evils, and to procure to this dying 
' Kingdom yet a fettled Peace and Happinefs, if it 
be his blefled Will ? 

' Thefe Things being ferioufiy confidcred by 
' us, we have thought fit, in the Name of the 

* Army, to declare, Th'.t all fuch Members of 

* either Houfe of Parliament as are already with 
c the Army, or, for the fecuring of their Perfons, 
' and for the Ends aforefaid, are forced to abfent 

* themfelves from Weftminjler^ that we (hall hold 

* and efteem them as Perfons in whom the public 

* Trufl of the Kingdom is ftill remaining, though 
' they cannot, for the prefent, fit as a Parliament, 

* with Freedom and Safety, at Weftminfter \ and 
' by whofe Advice and Councils we defire to go- 

* vtrn ourfelves in the managing thefe weighty Af- 

* fairs : And to that End we invite them to make 
' Repair to this Army, to ]oin with us in this 
' gjeat Cpnfe, we being refolved, and do hereby 
' faithfully oblige ourfelves, to ftand by them 
f therein, and to live and die with them againft all 

* Oppofition whatfoever ; and, in particular, we do 

* hold ourfelves bound to own that honourable Aft 
' of the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, who, 
' upon the Grounds he himfelf exprefled in his De- 
' claration fent unto us, hath actually withdrawn 
' himfelf: And hereupon we do further engage to 
' ufe our utmoft and fpeedy Endeavours, that he 
4 and thofe Members of either Houfe that are thus 
1 inforced away from their Attendance at 

of ,E N G L A N D. 

f Jler, may, with Freedom and Security, fit there, An. 23 Car. I 
and again difcharge their Truft as a free and le- ' 
gal Parliament ; and, in the mean Time, we do 
declare againft that late Choice of a new Speaker 
by fome Gentlemen at Weftmlnfter, as contrary 
to all Right, Reafon, Law, and Cuftom : And 
we profefs ourfelves to be moft clearly fatisfied 
in all our Judgments, and are alfo confident the 
Kingdom will herein concur with us, that, as 
Things now ftand, there is no free nor legal 
Parliament fitting, being, through the aforefaid 
Violence, at prefent, fufpended. And that the 
Orders, Votes, or Refolutions forced from the 
Houfes on Monday the 26th of July laft, as alfo 
all fuch as (hall pafs in this AfTembly of fome few 
Lords and Gentlemen at Wejlminfter^ under 
what Pretence and Colour foever, are void and 
null, and ought not to be fubmitted to by the 
free-born Subjects of Endgland. And that we 
may prevent that Slavery defigned upon us and 
the Nation, and that the Kingdom may be re- 
ftored to the happy State of a vifible Govern- 
ment now eclipfed and darkned, we hold our- 
felves bound, by our Duty to God and the King- 
dom, to bring to condign Punimment the Au- 
thors and Promoters of that unparallel'd Vio- 
lence done to the Parliament, and, in that, to 
all the free-born Subjects of England that are, or 
hereafter fhall be ; and therefore we are refolved 
to march up towards London^ where we do ex- 
pect that the well-affected People of that City 
will deliver up unto us (or otherwife put into 
fafe Cuftody, fo as they may be referved to a le- 
gal Trial) the Ele\en impeached Members that 
have again thruft themfelves into the Manage- 
ment of public Affairs, by this wicked Defign ; 
and that all others will give us fuch Aflitlarce 
therein, that the Members of both Houfes may 
receive due PJncouragement to return to Wejf- 
minfter^ there to fit with all Freedom, and fo to 
perform their Truft as (hall conduce to the Set- 
dement of this diftmcled Kingdom j and to in- 

236 The Parliamentary H i s T o R y 

An. 23 c,r. I. fljcl; fuch Punifhments upon thofe late Offender;, 

v * 47 ' , c as fhall deter any for the future to make the like 

Auguft. ' Attempt. 

' We appeal to all the Kingdom if we have not had 
' a very tender Care of the. City of London ; their 
6 CommiJJioners will witnefs it (c) ; our Lives have 
' not been dear unto us for the Public Good ; and 
' being now refolv'd, by the Afliftance of God, to 

* bring thefe Delinquents to their deferved Punifh- 
' ment, as that than which there cannot be any 
( Thing of more public Concernment to the King- 
' dom, we truft, if it (hall come to that, our Blood 
' fhall not be accounted tbodear a Price for the Ac- 

* complifhment of it ; and if any in the City will 
' engage themfelves, againft us, to protect thofe 
' Perfons, and fo put the Kingdom again into a new 
e and miferable War, the Blood muft be laid to 

* the Account of fuch Perfons as are the Authors 

' And, laftly, becaufe it is the main Engine ot 
' our and the Kingdom's Enemies to render us 
' odious, by pofleffing the Minds of Men that we 
c gape only after the Plunder of this great and 

* wealthy City ; as the Experience of the contrary 
' Carriage in all Towns that we have taken yield- 
' eth unto us a Teftimony beyond the Example of 

* any Army, fo we do from our Hearts declare, 

* that we abhor the Thought thereof: And we 
4 doubt not but the World fhall fee our Actions 

* anfwerable to our Profeflions, and that we fhall 
' not caufe any Man to fuffer but by his own De- 

* fault ; and that God will manifeft we have only 

* in our Eyes that Juftice may have a free Courfe v 
' the Parliament a free Sitting and Voting, and a 

* full Vindication of the late Violence done to 
them. - 

And as for the City of Weftminfter\ the Bo- 
' rough of Southward the Hamlets, and the reft 

* of the Suburbs and Out-parts, as we are inform'd 

* that they are not fo ready to engage themfelves in 

* a new War as fome would have them, fo weare 

(c) This Pafiage in Italic is omitted in Mr. Rujfaetrtb* s CeUeflhn.'t 

^ENGLAND, 237 

* fenfible of the hard Condition they are brought An. 23 car. I. 
6 into, even by them that claim a Right againft both L l6 47- ^ 

* Houfes of Parliament, (a ftrange Claim againft Auguft. 

* a Parliament, though more reafonable againft 

* others) not to be fubje&ed to a Militia without 
' their own Confent ; and yet will not be content- 
4 ed unlefs they may have others fubjected unto 
1 them, and lay what Burthens they pleafe upon 

* them, without allowing them any Part of Vote 

* or Confent with them ; in which Points of com- 

* mon Right and Equity we {hall not be wanting, 

* in a due Way, to affift them for the obtaining of 
4 their juft Defires and Immunities j it being our 

* chief Aim to fettle Peace, with Truth and Righte- 
c oufnefs, throughout the Kingdom, and that none 

* may be oppreffed in his juft Freedom and Liber- 
4 ties, much lefs the Parliament itfelf : Which be- 

* ing duly fettled, we fhall be as ready alfo to allure 
' unto the King his juft Rights and Authority, as 

* any that pretend it never fo much for the better 

* upholding of an ill Caufe, and the Countenance 
4 of tumultuous Violence againft the Parliament. 
c The which our honeft, juft, and neceflary Un- 

* dertakings, as we are refolved to purfue with the 

* utmoft Hazard of our Lives and Fortunes, fo we 

* dout not but we fliall find God's accuftomed 
' Goodnefs and Affiftance with us therein, till we 

* have brought them to a good and happy Conclu- 
' fion for this poor, diftra&ed, and languifhing 

* Kingdom. 

By the Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of IVar^ 

J. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

The fame Declaration, from the General, was sir Thoma* 
fent to the City ; which being back'd by the whole Fairfax marches 
Power of the Army's Encampment on Houn- '^Vout'oppofi- 
Jlow-Heath^ and a Party of Col . Rainfborougti 's tion ; 
Horfe entering Soutbwark^ and planting Ordnance 
againft the Gate on the Bridge, the Citizens were 
foon brought to a Submiffion they confented to 



23 Car - I*. 



floe Parliamentary H i s T o R V 

the General's Propofals, and admitted him into the 
City; they revoked a (g] long Declaration publiftied 
by Order of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and 
Commons in Common Council afiembled a few 
Days before, wherein all the prefent Confufions 
were charged to the Army's Account ; they fent 
Letters to the General, by a Committee of Alder- 
ceedings againft men and Commons, to congratulate his Excellen- 
tbe Army. C y s Arrival in London ; they gave Orders to pre- 
pare for him a Prefent of a Bafon and Ewer of 
Gold to the Value of above iooo/. and alfo in- 
vited him and his Officers to a fplendid Entertain- 
ment at the Guldhall : But the General, well 
knowing all this to be a forced Compliment, de- 
clined accepting of thefe Peace- Offerings ; giving 
the Citizens for a Reafon, That the Settlement of 
the Nation demanded his whole Time and Atten- 
tion. Mr. Ludlow makes this fhrewd Remark 

upon the Behaviour of the Citizens at this Crifis : 
* The Face of Affairs in the City was at this Time 
very various, according to the different Advices* 
they received ; for upon the Report of the Advance 
of the Army, and the taking, of fome of their 
Scouts, they cried out, Treat, Treat : And at an- 
other Time, being informed that Men lifted in 
great Numbers, the Word was, Live and die. 
Live and die ; but when South-Mark had let in part 
of the Army, and joined with them, they return'd 
to the former Cry of Treat^ Treat ; to which the 
Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Common Council 
confenting, were ready to admit the Army as Friends, 
being not able to oppofe them as Enemies.' To this 
Lord Holies adds (), ' That, fome few Days after, 
Sir Thomas Fairfax and*the whole Army marched 
in Triumph, with Laurel in their Hats as Con- 
querors, through the fubdued City of London, t'o 
fhew it was at his Mercy ; which, fays his Lord- 
fhip, was an airy Vanity, I confefs above my Un- 
derftanding, and might have raifcd a Spirit of In- 
dignation, not fo eafyly to have been laid. But a 1 


(g) This Declaration of the City is in Rufiwrtb, Vol. VI. p. 64^ 
(I) Memoirs, p, i63. 

of E N G L A N D. 239 

higher Infolency of an Army compos'd of fo mean Am zj car. I. 
People, and a more patient humble Submiflion and t * * 7 ' ^ 
Bearing of a great and populous City, but a little Auguft. 
before fo full of Honour and Greatnefs, was, I 
think, never heard of.' 

To return to IVeJlmlnJler. 

The Lords having read the foregoing Declara- The General re- 
tion from the General and his Council of War, to ^j i ves . the f A 
fhew their Gratitude for his fignal Services, voted, Houfes! 
That they approved of it, and of all his Proceed- 
ings in bringing up the Army in Purfuance of thofs 
Ends : That he fhould have the Thanks of their 
Houfe for the fame ; and that he be defired to ' 

take Care, for the future, that the Parliament fit 
in Safety and Freedom, to difcharge the great Af- 
fairs of the Kingdom, and be protected from Tu- 
mults and Diforders. Ordered alfo, That a Chair 
be fet for him within the Bar of the Houfe, when 
he is called in to receive their Thanks. Accord- 
ingly the Earl of Mulgrave and the Lord Wharton^ 
being appointed to go to the General and bring him 
to the Houfe, he came, and was placed in a Chair ; 
when the Speaker acquainted him with the Order, 
and gave him Thanks in the Name of the Houfe 
of Lords. The fame was done to him alfo by the 
Commons. / 

Ordered, That a Committee of Lords may be inquiry ordered 
named to meet with one from the Commons, to to ^~ matle a fter 
examine into the Matter of Force and Violence ^ e ^ uth , rs of 
done to the two Houfes of Parliament, and to find mults. 
out the Perfons that have been Actors, Abettors, 
Contrivers, Promoters, or Encouragers of it ; to 
ftate the Matter of Fact, and to report the fame to 
the Houfe with their Opinions on it, what they 
think fit to be done for the Vindication of the two 
Houfes, and for their future Security' Agreed to 
by the Commons. 

An Ordinance was pafs'd for making Sir Thomas 
Fairfax Conftable of the Tower of London, with 


240 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

? 3 Car. T. Power to make a Lieutenant under him for one 
Year, unlefs both Houies, in the mean Time, fhould 
other wife order. 

Aug. 6. Poft Merid. The Parliament, to fhew 
their Gratitude to the Army ftill further, ordered a 
Month's Pay to be provided and freely beftowed on 
the Norr-Commiffion Officers and private Soldiers 
of Horfe, Foot, and Dragoons of the Army. 

Power was alfo given, by the Houfes, to their 
Committee, for finding out the Perfons concerned 
in the late Tumults, that they mould alfo enquire 
for and find out the Promoters, Framers, or Con- 
trivers of the Engagement and AfTociation, declared 
againfr by the Houfes the twenty-fourth of "July laft, 
or that have been engaged by it. Alfo to examine 
who have raifed or acted, or endeavoured to raife, 
any Force in Maintenance of the faid Engagement 
and Aflociation, declared againft by the Houfes. 

All Reformado Officers and Soldiers were or- 
dered to depart from London^ and not to come with- 
in twenty Miles of it. 

After the Proceedings of this bufy Day were end- 
ed, the Lords feem to have taken a long Recefs : 
they did not meet again till the tenth, the Com- 
mittees of both Houfes being bufy all this Time 
in fearching after the Authors and Contrivers of the 
laft Riots; nor was the Houfe of Commons lefs 
deeply employed, for they fent up, that Day, to the 
Lords, an Order of their own, That untill their 
Houfe had received Reparation for the Force and 
Violence offered to both Houfes, they would not 
meddle with any particular Bufmefs ; which the 
Lords alfo agreed to. 

The Houfe of Commons had met on the ninth, 

The Lords pafs , ... . . . . . . . 

an Ordinance for but did nothing material, except debating, in 

annulling all a Committee of the whole Houfe, an Ordinance 

rin C th i ^Sfenee ^ ent down ^ rom tne Lords, for the making void 

of fhe Speaker" all A&s, Orders, and Ordinances, from the Vio- 

&c. lence offered to the Parliament till the Return of 

both Speakers, viz, thofe concerning the Militia 

2 - * of 

of ENGLAND. 241 

of the City of London, and the Declaration againft An. ^ car. I. 

the Engagement, with that for the King's Coming : ^4y 

Thefe were to be declared void for that Time, a AU "ft" ' 
Declaration to be drawn accordingly, and thefe 
Votes to be Part thereof. The Houfe being re- 
fumed, and this Report made, the Queftion was put, TO which the 
Whether to agree as aforefaid"? The Houfe being Commons refufc 
divided, the Numbers were 95 Yeas, and 94 Noes i the ' 
but three Members, who were prefent at putting 
the Queftion, and yet withdrew into the Com- 
mittee-Chamber, and affirmed they were not told, 
being required to vote, declaring in the Negative, 
the Speaker gave it accordingly. A remarkably 
full Houfe, for the Time, and (hews how near the 
two Parties of Prefbyterian and Independent were 
then upon the Scale ; which was evidently turned 
in favour of the latter by the great Weight of the 
Army : Who, like the furly Goth, in Roman Story, 
ftood ready to throw in the Sword, upon the leaft 

Aug. 13. The 'Journals of both Houfes begin 
this Day with an Order of Thanks to Mr. Mar- 
jhall and Mr. Nye, for their great Pains taken the 
Day before ; and that they be deflred to print and 
publifh their Sermons. 

An Engagement of the Members of both Houfes 
that abfented themfelves and went to the Army, 
was read in that of the Lords* in b#c Verba : 


Die Mercurii, 4/0 Augujli^ 1647. 

E the Members of both Houfes of Par- The Engagement 
1 iament, who abfent ourfelves from the of the Members 
Service of the Parliament, by reafon of the Force HoufelndV n* 
and Violence thereunto offered by a tumultuous totheAnrA-, " 
Multitude, having received from his Excellency 
Sir Thomas Fairfax^ a Declaration, intituled, A 
Declaration of his Excellency and his Council of 
War^ on the Behalf of themfelves and the -whole 
Army^ jhewing the Grounds of their prefent Ad- 
VOL. XVI. Q, vancc 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* vanee towards tie City of London : And having 

* peruftd the fame, we look upon it as a Declaia- 
' tirn full of Truth ; the Matter of Fa5l being well 

* known unto nioft of us, who have been Eye and 

* Ear-witneffes thereof; full of Chriftian, noble, 

* and public Affection to the Good, Peace, and Pro- 
4 fperity of this Kingdom ; full of Integrity and 
' Faith fulnefs to the true Intcreft of the Englijh Na- 
*"tion ; and full of undaunted and generous Refolu- 

* tion to affert the Honour and Freedom of the Par- 

* 1 iament : and effectually to vindicate it from the 

* Force and Violence whereby it hath been of late 

* trampled under the Feet of a Rabble of People,* 

* unto which Force it is Itill ex poled, fo as it may 
*"be exercifed upon them at Pleafurc. And whilft 

* the Parliament remaineth in fuch a Condition, 
" although it be not diffulvahle but by Act of Parlia- 

* ment, yet it is fufpended from acting as a Parlia- 

* ment : In all thefe Things, and generally through- 
' out, our Senfe fo fully agreeth with what is ex-, 
' preffed in that Declaration of the Army, that we 

* cannot but receive it with much Approbation, and 

* alfo with great Thankfulnefs to God in the firft 

* Place ; and next, under him, to this ever-faithful 

* Army, for that tender Senfe exprelled therein of 

* our Honour and Security, who ablent ourfelves 

* from the Parliament, in regard of that Force; and 
' for that high Engagement of the Army to live and 

* die with us in this Caufe : Whereupon we can- 

* not but mutually engage ourfelves, as hereby we 

* do, to live and die with Sir Thomas Fairfax and 
' the Army, in Vindication of the Honour and 
' Freedom of Parliament : And we cannot but ob- 

* ferve the fpecial Providence of God in holding 

* up fo extraordinarily this Army, and referving it,, 

* to take off the Reproach and Scorn of this Na- 

* tion, and to raife up again, from the Depth ot 
v Contempt, that once io -much-honoured and high- 
' cfte trued Nsme of a Parll.iment. 

* And whereas in the fuid Declaration it is de- 
< fired, we, as Perfom upon whom the 
* public Truft ftill rciruiiu'th, though for the pre-, 

4 Cent, 

of E ; N G L A N D. 243 

c fent, we cannot exercife the fame in a parlia- An. 23 car. I. 

* mentary Way, would advife his Excellency and 
< his Council of War in fuch Things as may be for 

* the Good of the Kingdom, and for attaining the 
' Ends aforefaid ; we do declare that we fhall be 
' ever ready to do it, upon all Occafions, in fuch 
' a Capacity as we may, till we (hall be enabled 

* again to difcharge our Truft in a free Parlia- 
' ment ; which we conceive we can never do, un- 

* til the Houfes of Parliament may be abfolute 

* J U( % CS ant ^ Matters of their own Securities : And 

* that fuch traiterous and audacious Offenders as 
have endeavoured, with fo high an Hand, to de- 

* ftroy the higheft Authority, (as by the Particu- 
lars, fo fully and clearly expreffed in the Decla- 
ration of the Army, may appear) fhall recehe 

* condign Punifhment ; or, at leaft, the Parliament 

* put in fuch a Condition as that we may be able to 

* bring them thereunto : And we truft in God, 

* through his accuftomed Blefling upon this Army-, 

* and his Affiftance in their honeft and juft Under- 

* takings, the Parliament fhall fpeedily be put again 

* into a Condition to fit like a Parliament of Eng- 

* land : And we hope that every true-hearted Eng- 
' lijhmcm will put his helping Hand to fo neceflary, 
fo publick, and fo honourable a Work as is the 
4 Vindicating of the Freedom and Honour of the 
' Parliament, and wherein the Freedom and Ho- 

* nour of all the freebern People of this Nation are 
' involved. 

MANCHESTER, Speaker of the Houfe of Peers. 




WILLIAM LENTHALL, Spditer cf the Houfe of 








Parliamentary HISTORY 







Of which the 
Lords declare 
their Approba- 













The Lords approved of this Engagement, and 
ordered it to be communicated to the Common:: 
for their Approbation alfo. At the fame Time 
they fent a Meflage to remind the Commons of 
thoie Votes fent from the Lords to them on the 
6th Inftant, together with a Declaration from 
Sir T/jcmas Fairfax, and the Council of War, fent 
down at the fame Time : That the Lords do de- 
fire the Concurrence of the Houfe of Commons 
to thofe Votes, and to the Approbation of the faid 
Declaration ; conceiving it to be eflential to the 
Vindication of the Honour and Freedom of the 
Parliament : That having hitherto received no An- 
fwer therein, thfcy conceive it fit and necefTary at 
this Time, to exprefs to that Houfe, that they 
hold themfelves acquitted and difcharged of any ill 
Confequence that may enfue upon fuch a Prece- 

* dent, 

^ENGLAND. 245 

dent, and, by that, occafion the Retardment of the An ' 23 Car - 
Settlement of Peace. t * 47 ' ^ 


But the Commons had debated the Army's laft 
Declaration, on the loth till late at Night; when ^J^of^". 
the Queftion was put, Whether to agree with the curring herein, 
Lords in this Declaration ? and it was carried in 
the Negative by 110 againft 76. 

Another Part of the Lords Mcflage was to let 
the Commons know, That they were informed 
the Committee of the City of Liyidon did ftill act 
under Pretence of that Order, drawn from the 
Houfe by Force, on the 26th of "July laft ; which 
they conceive is likely to tend to the Difturbance 
of the Peace of the Parliament and City : < The 
Lords do declare that, by fo doing, they act with- 
out Authority ; and whatever they (hall act or do 
in that Kind, they account them anfwerable for/ 
The Commons Confent was defired alfo to. this 
Particular ; as likewife to an Ordinance for giving 
Power to a Sub-committee to examine Perfons up- 
on Oath, under Secrefy, concerning the Force and 
Violence offered to the Parliament.' 

Laftly, to let thqm know that this Houfe in- 
tended to adjourn to Wednefday the i8th Inft. 

The Lord Montague, from the Committee ap- 
pointed to attend the King's Perfon, fent Word to 
the Lords that the King had acquainted them with 
his Refolution to go> the next Day, to Oatlands, 
where they (hould attend him. Dated from Stoke^ 
Augujl 12. 

Auguft 1 8. The Houfe of Lords met again ac- 
cording to Adjournment* when they received a 
Meflage from the Commons of feveral Particu- 
lars, but nothing fatisfactory as to their former 
Votes as yet. This Affair had been agaia can- 
vafled in that Houfe the Day before, and they had 
-two Divifions upon it, very near run ^ the one, 


246 jT7:v Parliament dry HISTORY 

car. I. Whether the Queftion fhould be now put ? which 
was c;rried by 77 againft 72 : The other, to agree 
with the Lords in their Declaration ; loft by 78 
againft 75. And though the Commons fent up 
an Ordinance of their own the next Day, with the 
fame Title as the former, yet the Lords rejected it 
on the firft Reading : Whereupon it was ordered, 
A Conference is to have a prefent Conference with the Commons 
held thereupon, thereupon ; the Managers of which being returned, 
Mr. Lijle reported, that the Earl of Mamhcjler de- 
livered the Senfe of the Lords to this Effect : 

' The Lords having formerly fent a Vote, of 
the 6th Inftant, to the Houfe of Commons, decla- 
ring that all the Acts and Orders patted, under the 
Force upon the Houfes the 26th of July lad, an4 
fince^ until the Return of the Speakers, were null 
and void j and having defired the Concurrence of 
the Houfe of Commons thereunto, as alfo to feveral 
Declarations, the one of Sir Thomas Fairfax and the 
Council of War, in the Name of themfelves and 
the Army ; the other of the Lords and Commons 
which were with the Army ; which the Lords hav- 
ing approved of, did likewife defire their Appro- 
bation of the faid Declarations ; and having receiv- 
ed no Anfwer, being after by their Lordlhips put 
in mind of all thofe Particulars, have therefore de- 
fied this Conference, to let them know that their 
Lord/hips conceive themfelves bound, in Juftice to 
the Kingdom and Parliament, to infift upon thole 
Votes and Declarations, and to defire their Con- 
currence in the Votes and Approbation oi the faij 
Declarations, for thefe Reafons, viz. 

I. * It being apparent to all the World, and 
acknowledged by both Houfes, that there was a 
vifible, horrid, infolent, and aclual Force upon the 
Houfes of Parliament ; and many Members, with 
both the Speakers, forced from the (aid Hcufes ; 
it will prove a dangerous Example and Precedent 
to maintain the Fxercife of an Authority, as then 
lawful, at the Time when the Parliament l;iy 
under fuch a Force to be exercifed upon it at 

of ENGLAND. 247 

2. c If any, fitting under fuch Force, may exer- An - Z 3 a r - ' 
cife the Authority of Parliament, and thofe Acts v * ^' j 
which they fhall do at that Time be accounted Au S utt. 
valid, and not null, it will not be in the Power of 
any to vindicate and deliver the Parliament from 
fuch Force and Violence ; but they will be liable 
to Cenfure for refitting fuch Authority as is pre- 
tended to be lawful in fuch a Cafe ; and thofe who 
have now a(fted under fuch Authority, to raife 
Forces and caft the Kingdom into a new War, will, 
under Pretence of that Authority, be free from 
being queftioned for the fame, though fome or 
them may have been the principal Agents in con- 
triving this Mifchief. 

' The Lords, in their lad Meffage, did exprcfs 
to that Houfe, that if the great Affairs of the 
Kingdom, and the Settlement of the Peace thereof, 
fhall be longer retarded for Want of their Con- 
currence in that which the Lords judge to be 
efiential to the Vindication of the Honour and 
Freedom of Parliament, they conceived it tit and 
neceflary to exprefs that they held thcmfelves ac- 
quitted and difcharged of any ill Confequence> 
that might enfue : Thereupon the Lords have com- 
manded me to declare the fame unto you again : 
and that they may acquit themfdves to all the 
World, to have ufed their Endeavours that the 
Parliament may be put into a Condition fpeedily 
to go on for the Settlement of the Peace of the 
Kingdom, fo much defired by them, they have 
appointed me to offer unto you, in Purfuance of 
their Votes, an Ordinance for declaring void and 
null all Ordinances, Votes, Orders, and Acts, 
maJe and done fmce the Force upon the Houfcs, 
from 'July 26 undl Augnjl 6, to which they dciirc 
your Concurrence.' 

Hereupon the Queftion being put for rending the 
fjid Ordinance fent from the Lords, it was carried 
in the Affirmative by 86 againft 6 j ; uuJ tue lame 
was twice read and committed. 

( A Letter 

248 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 c r - * A Letter from the Commiffioners of Sccotland 

6 * 7 ' was read 

//^SPEAKER of the 
Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

e^ Aug. 17, 1647. 
Right Honourable^ 

The Scott Com- ' "IT 1 E cannot but, with great Senfe of the 

"ISnof thrive * ^^ many Injuries we fuffer daily, acquaint 

cretary's be'ing' ' y our Lordftiips therewith as they fall out. 

flopped at New- ' Not long ago we made known to the Honour- 

caft]e< ' able Houfes, that the Earl of Lauderdale^ one of 

' our Members, was flopped violently, and denied 

' Accefs to his Majefty, by Sir Thsmas Fairfax's 

' Soldiers, contrary to the Agreement betwixt the 

' Kingdoms, whereof, as yet, we have had no Re- 

* paration ; and now our Secretary, Mr. Chifjly, 

* being fent by us to the Kingdom of Scotland, is 

* flopped and detained at Newcaflle by the Gover- 
' nor thereof, Mr. Lilbourne j all edging fuch to be 
' the Condition of Affairs now betwixt the King- 

* doms, that, without the General's Order, he 
' was not to permit any to pafs. Mr. Chiefly told 

* him, that the Kingdom of Scotland had done no- 
' thing that might give Caufe to interrupt their for- 

* mer Correfpondency and mutual Amity ; defi- 
' ring that he would not give Ground of a Breach 
' of that happy Union betwixt the Nations, (hew- 
' ing unto him our Pafs, which ever heretofore has 

* been reputed, to our own Servants, fufficient ; 

* and teliing him he was our Secretary, fent by us 

* into Scotland ; and if that could not procure him 

* Liberty of PafTage, he hoped he would acknow- 
' ledge the Authority of the Speaker of the Houfe 
c of Commons Pafs as a fufficient Warrant : But 

* he anfwered, he was to obey the General's Or- 
4 ders, and if he could not produce that, he would 
' not let him pafs. 

' If this be not an high Infringement of the Law 
4 of Nations, and of the public Faith betwixt the 

* Kingdoms, yea, and of your own Authority, 

* we 

of ENGLAND. 249 

* we leave it to yourfclves to judge; hoping your An. 23 car. j. 
' Lordfliips will caufe Reparation to be made to l6 47- 

* the Kingdom of Scotland for thofe Multitudes of A ' 
' Injuries ; fuch as the intercepting of our Letters, 

6 and violent flopping their Commiflioners from the 
4 King, and now denying their Servants free ?af- 
' fage to that Kingdom, which, we conceive, the 
' Honourable Houles would not have taken well 
4 if the like A&s of Violence had been done to 
' their Commiflioners Servants, whilft they were in 

* Scotland. 

1 If efrec"lual Remedies againft fuch Injuftice 
' and Violence be not feafonably provided by the 
4 Wifdom of the Honourable Houfes, we cannot 

* fee how we can be here, in the Capacity of Corn- 

* miflloners, to difcharge the Truft committed to 
' us. We reft 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants, 


An Anfwer to this Letter was drawn up, read, 
and ordered to be fent to the Commons for their 
Concurrence : but it is not entered in the "Journals. 

Augufl 20. A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax^ 
with a Remonftrance or Declaration of the Army 
inclofed, was read in both Houfes : The latter 
is very long, for which Reafon Mr. Ruflnuortb 
hath given no more than one fingle Paragraph of 
it ; which, he fays, relates particularly to the 
Defign of the whole, viz. the purging of the Houfe 
of Commons from thofe Members of it the Army 
difliked. But as this Remonftrance contains an 
exa<Sl hiftorical Narrative of the Times, we fhall 
give it at Length ; and more efpecially, becaufe, 
fince the Colleftor has omitted it, it is now no 
where elfe to be found, that we know of, but in 
the Lords l jaurnali, Obferving on!v, that the 


250 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *-? Car. I-Houfe of Lords voted their Approbation of this 

v _, Remonitrance ; ordered that a Letter {hould be fcnt 

Auguft. to Sir Thomas Fairfax from their Speaker, to give 

him Thanks for the Continuance of his Care" to 

prcferve the Honour and Freedom of Parliament ; 

and that both the Letter and Declaration fhould 

be printed and publifhed. 

The Letter, in which the Army's Declaration 
was inclofed, is as follows : 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lara 1 , King/Ion, Aug. 19, 1647. 

Another Letter ' '"I* HE tender and deep Senfe which myfelf and 
JaS rTh0tTU5 ' the Army have of the Difficulties and Dangers 

* under which your Lordfhip, with the Right 

* Honourable Lords, and faithful and worthy 
4 Members of the Houfe of Commons, lately dri- 
' ven away to the Army (as alfo ourfelves and all 
' others that love the Peace of the Kingdom and 
' Freedom of Parliaments, notwithstanding the faid 

* juft and honourable Refolutions, Proceed in LS, 
4 and Endeavours of the Right Honourable Houfe 

* of Peers) do dill lie under, hath produced this Re- 
' monftrance from us ; whereof I have here inclofed 
fent your Lordlhip a Copy, and thofe Confidera- 

* tions and Refolutions therein exprctted ; which 

* as they are, in the prefent Cafe, moll neceflary 

* for your Lordfliips, ours, and the Kingdom's 

* Safety, Quiet, and Welfare, fo we hope they 
' will appear juft and honeft, and accordingly be 

* accepted and approved by your Lordfhips, as pro- 

* ceeding from the hearty Affections and fmcere 
4 Intentions of your Lordfliips and the Kingdom's 
4 Servants here, and especially of 

Your Lordfe'ip's humble Servant, 


of E N G L A N D. 251 

J REMONSTRANCE from bis Excellency Sir Thomas Ar 
Fairfax, and the Army under Ins Command, con- 
cerning their juji and char Proceedings hitherto, Auguft> 
;';/ the Behalf of the Parliament, Kingdom 9 arid 

At the Head-quarters at Kingfton, Aug. 18., 1687. And a Remon- 

ftrance from hint- 

4 \T7 HEN, by the BIcffing of God upon the and the Arm y f 

. VY -c \ J e i A 1 i V ln Vindication of 

Endeavours of this Army and other rorces all t h e ; rt >, yc . e( t. 

* of the Parliament, the adverfe Forces and Gar- ingb. 
' rifons within this Kingdom were diffipated and 

* reduced, a prefent Quiet and Freedom of Trade, 

* and all Commerce and Bufinefs reftored to all 
4 Parts of the Kingdom, and an hopeful Way 

* made for fettling of a found and lafting Peace, 

* on good Terms, for the Intereft of the Kingdom : 

* Inftead of the hoped Fruit of our Labours and 
' Hazards, and of the Kingdom's vaft Expence, 

* (in the difpenfmg of Juftice and Rightcoufncfs, 
4 and the fettling and upholding of common Right 

* and Freedom to the Subjects of this Nation) 

* we found immediately the crofs Workings of a 

* jftrong and prevalent Party in the Parliament and 

* Kingdom, who (walking under the Mafk of the 

* Parliament's Friends, but being, in Trutto, Men 

* of corrupt and private Ends and Intcrcfb, clif- 

* ferent from, and deftructive to, the real and 

* common Intcreft of the Kingdom) made ufe of 

* their Power to obllrucl: and pervert Juilico, to 

* injuYc, opprefs, and cru(h the peaceable and wdl- 
' affected People of the Kingdom ; to abridge and 

* overthrow all juft Freedom and Liberty, and 

* drive on JX-figns to fct up a Parry and Faction 

* in the Parliament and Kingdom, and (by (he A 1- 

* vantage of a perpetual Parliament) to domineer 

* ov^r, and inflavc the Kingdom to PofL-nty : And, 

* for that End, to make fuch a Peace with the King, 
' if any, a* without any julr. Provifion for tiie 

* common and true Intorell of the People, an<J 

* Security thereof for the future, would ferve only 

* to mal^c up and eiUbiifh their ovvn Gr-atnef- % 

' and 

252 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < an d the affected Domination of themfelvcs and 

t I * 7 ' ', ' their Party over all others. 

Auguft. ' To all which Ends, as, before this Parliament, 

e the ignominious Names of Puritan and Nan- 
' conformijly and the fpecious Pretences for fettling 
of Order, Decency, and Uniformity in Religion, 

* were made ufe of, to the Prejudice, Trouble, and 
' fupprefling of all that appeared, either for the 

* Truth and Power of Religion, or for the Rights 
' and Liberties of the Kingdom, and againft ad- 

* vancing, at once, both of an Ecclefiaftical and 
' Civil Tyranny ; fo this Generation of Men, in 

* the Application of the Parliament's Power, (fuc- 

* ceeding the former in the Exercifeof the King's) 

* have made ufe of the odious Names of Brownifts y 

* Anabaptijis^ Independents^ Hereticks^ Sckifmaticks y 
' or Sectaries of one Sort or other, to blaft fuch 
' Men, in whom the Truth and Power of Reli- 
1 gion, or a juft Senfe of the common Intereft of 
c the Kingdom hath appeared ; and have held forth 
' the Pretences, of Reformation and Uniformity, 
4 to colour and countenance their Defigns of fet- 

* ting up their own irreligious or Pharifaical and 

* domineering Faction, to the Oppreffion of all 

* other People : And herein they have had a great 
4 Advantage to further their aforefaid Defigns, by 
4 reafon of the Jealoufies which many confcientious 
c Men of the Prefbyterian Judgment have enter- 
' tained concerning this Army, concerning divers 

* other eminent and worthy Inftruments of the 

* Kingdom's Good (being in Places of public Truft 

* and Power) who were fuppofed to be of the In- 

* dependent Way. 

' In Purfuance of their aforefaid Defigns, they 
4 endeavoured, and by their Power and Influence 
' upon the Parliament, and the Advantage of fuch 

* Pretences as aforefaid, very much prevail'd, to put 

* out of all Places of Power or public Truft, the 

* moft fober and confcientious Men, and fuch as 
' had approved themfelves faithful to the public In- 
tereft throughout all the late Troubles, and to put 
4 in debauch'd and diflblute Men, or fuch as would, 

4 for 

^-ENGLAND: 2 53 

* for Advantage, ferve their private Interefts ; and An. 13 Car. r. 

* for that End (in Cafes where they could not other- l6 47- M 

* wife prevail) procured fuch Garrifons to be flight- * ^ ft 

* ed, fuch Powers to be recalled, though more ne- 

* ceflary to have been continued, which they found 

* in the Hands of Perfons of the former Sorts ; and 

* fuch to be continued, though lefs neceflary, as 

* they found in the Hands of the latter. And, the 
4 better to ftrengthen themfelves in their Defigns, 

* clofing with a very powerful Party in the City of 

* London, they firft, with much Activity, endea- 

* vou red, and prevailed, to new-model the Com- 
* i mon Council, and form the fame to their own 
' Party ; and then ftirred them up to petition, a- 

* mongft other Things concurrent to their Ends, 
4 for the Alteration of the City Militia, who, by 
' their continual, violent, and preffing Importunity 
' at the Parliament's Doors, wrung from the Par- 
' liament an Ordinance for that Purpofe ; whereby 
' they procured the Power of that Militia (the fpe- 
e cial Influence whereof upon the City and King- 
' dom, and upon the Parliament itfelf, being the 

* only Guard they had for their fafe fitting, is evi- 

* dent to all Men) to be taken out of thofe Hands 

* in which it had been continued without Prejudice, 
' and with great and known Security and Advan- 
' tage both to the Parliament, City and Kingdom, 
' throughout the late Troubles, and this without 

* any Exception, either then or fince made againft 

* them ; and to be put into the Hands of fuch others 

* as were, at beft, of doubtful Affections to the 

* Intereft of the Parliament and Kingdom ; or, 

* indeed, to Men given up and engaged to the pri- 
' vate Interefts and Defigns of the faid factious Par- 

* ty : as hath fince too evidently appeared, and as 

* in the late Declaration of the Army, concerning 

* the Grounds of our Advance towards London^ is 
c more fully demonftrated. And finding this Army 

* not for their Turns, they made it their main 

* Work to difband or break it in Pieces, even be- 

* fore the Relief of Ireland was provided for, or the 

* Peace of thfs Kingdom fettled. 


254 Th* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. And though all this went under the Pretence 
3() 47- * of eafing the prefcnt Burthens of the Kingdom,. 
Aiicurt * y e * a * ^ ie ^ arnc '1 imc they defigncd and went 

* about to put the Kingdom to the Expence and 
' Trouble of 'railing and forming n new Force, 
' under Pretence as for the Service of Jrcland, but 
' evidently dcfigned, and fo framed, as to fervc 
' their own Ends and Purpofes aforefaid in Eng- 
' land : And many of them being filled and ad"teiT 

* with perfonal Envy, and others with Malignity 

* of Principles and Intereft agaurtft this Arm}', ami 

* the Work of God by it, it would not ferve their 
4 Turns to break or (lifband it, but it rnuft be donc- 

* with all poiiible Difhonour, Injury, Oppreflion, 

* and Proiocation that they could put upon it. 

* And it was too evident that their Endeavour was 

* not only to put it off without the Honour or Sa- 

* tisfaciion due to it for the Service it had done, 

* but to difband it on fuch Terms as to fubjecl and 

* cxpofe all, and even the mofl faithful, Servants 

* of the Parliament and Kingdom, both in the 

* Army and clfewhere, unto Oppreflion or Un- 

* doing, or to the Mercy of their own and fuch 

* other Mens malicious and invenomCd Spirits 

* which could promife no better. For the more 
' full and particular Demonftration of all which,. 

* we refer all knowing Men unto the Practices and 

* Proceedings againft this Army, unto the Times, 

* by their Procurement, appointed for the Difband- 

* ing of it in feveral Parts, without juft and equal 

* Satisfaction; which have been in. part remon- 

* itrated in Papers fent from this Army, and pub- 

* lifhed before our coming up to St. Albotfs. 

* Upon Confidcration of all this, and upon the 

* Retaliations (which their own Abufes and Pro- 

* vocations, put upon the Army, had raifed in the 

* whole Body of it) not to without further 

* Satisfaction and Security from the like Abufes ia 

* future, we did, in our Rcprefentation or Dtrclu- 

* ration fcnt from St. AlbarCs, exprefs in general 

* what Things we cidireJ, KfiJes <,ur Concern- 

* ments as Suiilie,s, ty ice done or provided for 

4 * before 

of E N G L A N D. 255 

before our Difbanding, for fettling the Peace of An> * Cdr> L 
4 the Kingdom, and fecuring the common Rights . * * , 

* and Liberties thereof, which we were called out Auguft. 

* to defend and vindicate, and had fo long fought 
1 for ; and having, therewithal, impeached feve- 
4 ral Members of the Houfe of Commons for their 
4 unjuft Practices and Defigns, to fuch Purpofes as 

* are before exprefled, and for endeavouring, in 
4 profccution thereof, to engage this Kingdom in 
4 a new War, we adJed fome further Defires, for 

* Prevention of that Mifchief of a new War to the 
4 Kingdom, and for our own prefent Security from 

* immediate Ruin, while thofe other Things might 

* be treated on or confidered ; and upon the grant- 

* ing of fome of them in part, and Hopes given of 
4 fome others, tho' we could not obtain the reft, 

* and efpecially not that which we hold moft juft, 

* equal, and neceflary, viz. The pofitivc Sufpen- 

* fion of thofe impeached Members from fitting in 

* the Houfe, as Judges in their own Caufe, and fiom 

* their Power in Committees, whereby they have 

* had the Advantage to raife War againft us, and 

* to make new Disturbances in the Kingdom : yet 

* the faid impeached Members, pretending to with- , 

* .draw themfelves from the Parliament until their 

* Caufes ftiould be heard and tried, and the Houfe 

* giving Confent thereunto, we, out of our Ten- 

* derneis to Parliament Privileges, and our earneft 
' Defires to yield all Obfervance to the Parliament, 

* ajid Satisfaction to the City, (who pretended a 

* full Concurrence with us in our declared Defires 
' for fettling the Peace and Liberties of the King- 

* dom) did, at the Parliament's Command and the 

* City's Requefr, withdraw the Army to the de- 

* fired Diftance from London ^ and difperfed it fur- 

* ther to fevcral P.irts of the Kingdom for the Eafe 

* of theCountry ; and proceeded, in a peaceable anJ 

* regular Way, to prepare and prefent more p.irticu- 

* lar Charges again!} the faid impeached Members, 

* which, within a few Days after, we accordingly , 

* fc.nt up to the Houfe : And the faid impjaclieJ 

4 Members 

256 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. z* Car. I. Members (having put in a dilatory Anfwer there - 

v ^j ' to, with a Plea and Demurrer to divers Particu- 

Auguft. * ^ ars therein) pretended that (to avoid any Difturb- 
f ance or Interruption to the prefent Proceedings 
' for fettling the Public Affairs by the Interpofal 
' of their private Caufe) they defired Leave and 

* Pafles to travel for fome Months ; which accord - 

* ingly the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons was 
' ordered, or authorized, to give them, and we 
' (prefuming on the Houfe's Caution for their 
' Forthcoming to be tried when the AfFairs of the 

* Kingdom were fettled, which upon their firfl 
' Motion of withdrawing we had infifted on) did 
' not gainfay ; and thereupon we proceeded in a 
' quiet and hopeful Way to prepare more particu- 

* lar Propofals, in Purfuance of our former general 
' Defires, for the prefent fettling of the Peace of 
' the Kingdom, to be tendered to the Commiflion- 
' ers of Parliament refiding with the Army for that 
4 Purpofe : But finding that, while we were thun 
c peaceably proceeding, the faid impeached Mem- 
' bers, notwithftanding their pretended Defires to 
6 travel, did continue in and about London, very 
' active and bufy to raife War, or make Diftur- 

* bances in the Kingdom ; and that the Committee 

* of Militia there did comply with them there - 

* in, by daily lifting of Men, and other Prepara- 
4 tions towards War, and flickering to that End, 
c yea, and entertaining into Service thofe fame 
c Reformadoes who, by Ordinance of Parliament, 

* were by them to have been put out of the Lines 

* of Communication ; and finding continual Jea- 
' loufies and Difturbances to our faid Proceedings 

* bred in the Army, by the daily Reports and 

* Alarms thereof from the City, we made a parti- 
' cular Addrefs to the Parliament for the reftoring 
' of the City Militia into thofe Hands in which if 

* was before the Ordinance of the i4th of May laft j 

* for the Reafonablenefs of our Defires wherein 

* (fuppofing that we had fuch a Caufe to infift on 
' fome Removal of that Power out of the Hands 

- 2 ' into- 

tf E N G L A N D. 257 

' into which it was then put, as here before is partly An - |3 c - *' 
' exprefled, and in our late Declaration is more fully v * 4 J" _. 
' fet forth) we dare confidently appeal to all Men, Auguft. 

* not engaged againft us, whether, for the prefent 

* Safety and Quiet of the City upon fudh a Change, 

* and to prevent thofe Dangers or Difturbances to 

* or in the City, which the Want of a Militia 

* during the Interval (betwixt the ceafing of one 
' and new forming of another) might give Occa- 
' fion and Advantage unto, efpecia'ly in fuch a 

* Juncture of Affairs, there could be any other Way 
4 fo expedient as to render that Change but an im- 
' mediate reverting into thofe Hands in which it 

* was fo lately before, who would make up a Mili- 

* tia ready formed to fucceed immediately in the 
1 Place of the other, without any confiderable In- 

* termiffion or Delay; and whether, at a Time when 

* Jealoufies and Diftrufts were both fo rife and 

* hurtful, as they might occafion no lefs Diftra&ion 

* or Interruption, to any quiet Settlement or Pro- 

* ceedings thereunto, than real Attempts of Mif- 

* chief would, there could be any Propofal more 

* reafonable or hopeful to beget a Confidence and 
4 Acquifcence, as to that Point, in the Parliament, 

* the City, and the Army, than to have that Power 

* reftored, for the prefent, into thofe Hands, of 
4 whofe Fidelity to the Common Intereft we had all 
1 found fo ample and unqueftioned Proof through- 
' out the moft dangerous Times ? 

' Upon our Addrefs, therefore, to the Parliament 
' for that Purpofe, the Army being at fuch Diftance 
' as aforefaid, both Houfes were pleafed, on the 2^d 
' of July laft, to pafs an Ordinance for the return- 

* ing of the Militia into thofe Hands, and repealing 

* the Ordinance of the 4th of May^ by which it 
' had been changed as before. 

' Hereupon, hoping that all would quietly fuc- 
' ceeed to a Settlement in this Kingdom, we went 
4 on fecurely to finifh our Propofals for that Pur- 

* pofe, the Heads whereof have been fince publifh- 

* ed ; withdrew the Head-Quarters to a farther Dif- 
' tance ; difperfed the Army to larger QtTarters, 

VOL. XVI. R ' for 

258 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

for more Eafe to the Country ; and, upon a Re- 
commendation of the Bufmefs of Ireland from the 
Parliament, we had, in lefs than a Week's Space, 
prepared and ordered a considerable Force > no 
lefs than 4000 Horfe and Foot, as Sir John 
Temple^ employed from the Parliament about' 
that Bufmefs to us, can teftify, for a prefent Re- 
lief thereunto : But the reftlefs and treacherous 
Malice of the Enemies to our and the Kingdom's 
Peace, taking the fuppofed Advantage of our 
Diftance and difperfed Pofture, which their fair 
Pretences of peaceable Intentions had induced us 
into, firft they did, without all Colour of Au- 
thority, contrive and fet on Foot in the City, 
and many of them entered into a mifchievouS 
and defperate Vow and Engagement, tending to 
the Subverfion of the Freedom of Parliament, 
and the Liberties of this Nation : to the fruftra- 
ting of thofe juft and public Ends, for which fo 
much Blood and Treafure hath been fpilt and 
fpent in the late War, and to the raifmg of a new 
War againft the Parliament and their Army ; 
which faid Engagement both Houfes of Parlia- 
ment did, by their Declaration of the 23d or 
July^ adjudge and declare to be High Treafon in 
all that fhould promote or abet the fame ; and, 
within a few Days after, to wit, on Mc*r.da\ 
July 26, there was a Petition brought to the 
Parliament by the Sheriffs, and fome Aldermen 
and Common Council Men, in the Name of the 
City of London, for the recalling of the faid Or- 
dinance of the 23d of July concerning the Mi- 
litia, and the returning of the Militia into thofe 
Hands in which it was put by the Ordinance of 
the 4th of A'lay ; which Petition was immediate- 
ly followed and backed with a tumultuous Con- 
fluence of Apprentices-, and other diftblute and 
defperate Perfons, who committed moft horrid 
and unheard-of Violence upon both Houfes, en- 
forcing them to recall both the faid Declaration 
of July 23, concerning the faid Engagement, 
and alfo the faid Ordinance of the fame Date, 

* con- 

of E N G L A N D. 2 ^ 9 

* concerning the Militia ; and compelling the An. 23 car. I. 
' Speaker of the Houfe of Commons to icfume the v l6 47- 

' Chair after the Houfe was adjourned, and the Auguft. ~* 

* Houfe to pafs fuch further Votes concerning the 
' King's prefent coming to London^ &c* as they the 

* faid Rioters did pleafe ; neither the Guard from 

* the City that then attended the Houfes, nor the 

* Lord Mayor, Sheriffs) or any Authority in the 
' City, though fent to for that Purpofe, taking any 
4 Courfe to fupprefs the faid Tumult, or relieve 

* the Parliament againft that Violence, though it 
' was continued for the Space of eight Hours : 
' And the Houfes having next Day adjourned till 

* Friday July 30, there were printed Tickets fix'd 

* upon Pods in and about the City the Day before, 

* inviting the fame Perfons to the like Confluence 
c at IVcjlminJler againft the Houfes next Meeting ; 

* all wfu'ch hath been more fully, or more affured- 
4 ly, made known by the Declaration of the 

* Speaker of the Houfe of Commons concerning 
' the fame. 

' By this Means the Speakers of both Houfes, 

* together with rnoft of the Lords, and a very 

* great Number of the moft faithful and unquefti- 

* enable Members of the Houfe of Commons, were 

* driven away, fo as they could not with Safety at- 
c tend their Service in Parliament, nor with Free- 
' dom difcharge their Truft to the Kingdom there- 
' in ; but were forced to fly to their Army for 
c Safety ; fo as there was not, nor could then be, 

* any free Meeting or legal Proceeding of Parlia- 
' ment : Notwithftanding which, divers Members* 

* of both Houfes (who, by the Carriage and Sequel 
' of the Bufmefs, will appear to be of the fame 
' Party and Confederacy with the aforefaid Ene- 

* mies to our and the Kingdom's Peace, and with 
4 the Authors and Actors both of the faid treafon- 
4 able Engagement and the tumultuous Force up- 

* on the Parliament) taking this Opportunity of 
4 Time to carry on their Defigns, when very few 
r - were leftj but of their own Party^ did continue 

R ?. 'to 

26 o *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 4^ Car. I. 4 to meet in the ufual Places at IVeftminjler ; And, 
j6 47- ' having, under Pretence of a NecefHty for cohti- 

* nuing the Parliament by Adjournment, drawn in 

* fome few well-minded Members to fit with them, 
4 out of a Scruple left the Parliament fhould fall 

* for Want of Adjournment, took upon them the 
4 Name of both Houfes of Parliament : And having, 

* on Friday, July 30, chofen a new Speaker, did 
4 proceed to vote and aft as a Parliament, and ad- 

* journed from Time to Time ; but of what Party 
4 and Confederacy the moft of them were, and to 

* what Ends and Interefts they acted, will appear 

* by what they cid ; whereof we {hall, for the pre- 
4 fent, give a Tafte in fome Particulars, hoping 
4 that {hortly the whole Journal of their Proceed- 
4 ings may be made public. 

4 Firft, the faid Members of the Houfe of Com- 
4 mons, convened, as aforefaid, immediately vo- 
4 ted and called in, as to the Service of the Houfe, 
4 the Eleven impeached Members ; and alfo thofe 
4 who, upon former Votes of the Houfe, were fu- 
4 fpended, or under Queftion to be put out for De- 
4 linquency, and had put in their Cafes. With 
4 this pretended Houfe of Commons, thus ccm- 
' pofed, and four or five Lords of the fame Model* 
4 for a Houfe of Peers, they proceed to let up a 

* Committee for Safety, whereof all or mod of the 
4 faid impeached Members were a Part. This 
4 Committee they appointed to join with that 
4 fame pretended Committee of the City Militia, 
4 whofe Power was obtained only by the tumul- 
4 tuous Force and Violence aforefaid. To thefe 
4 Committees the moft or main of their Procced- 
4 ings refer; and, by divers pretended Votes, Or- 
4 ders, and Ordinances, procured in the Name of 
4 one or both Houfes of Parliament, larger Powers 

* were given to thefe two Committees, for rafing 
4 of Forces, appointing Chief Commanders, and 
4 other Officers; and other vaft, unlimited, orun- 
4 ufual Powers were given them ; all tending to 

* the racing and levying of a new War within this 

4 Kingdom ; 

Sf ENGLAND. 261 

* Kingdom ; upon which many Forces, both of An. 13 Car. i. 
' Horfe and Foot, were actually levied , and other ' 47 ' j 

* Preparations of War made : All which were Augu^T""* 

* intended and defigned in Juftification, Profe- 

* cution, and Maintenance of the aforefaid trea- 
^ fonable Engagement, and of the faid Force and 

* Violence done to the Parliament, or of the very 

* fame Ends and Interefts, and to oppofe and hin- 

* der the Reftitution of the ^oijfes of Parliament 
1 to their Honour and Freedom, and the Advance 
*- of this their Army for that Purpofe, being then 
4 upon a March to conduct to London the Speakers 

* and Members of both Ho.ufes, who, by that Vio- 
4 lence, were driven away as afcirefaid : Befides the 
' Confederation of th,e Perfons into whofe Hands 
* thefe Powers were committed, this is abundantly 

* evident many other Ways ; and efpecially by 

* that Declaration of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, 
c and Common Council of London^ which was firft, 

* by that pretended. Committee of Safety, ordered, 
4 and then, by the pretended Houfes, without read* 

* ing a Word of it, approved, to be publifhed in 
4 the Parifti Churches, with an Exhortation to the 

* People to take up Arms in Maintenance of the 
' Ends therein exprefied ; which, though the Pre- 

* tences were for the Defence of the King, Parlia- 
4 ment, and City, then ajledged to be in great 
' Danger ; (when as indeed none were in Danger 
*. but only the Authors, Actors, and Abettors of 

* the traitorous Practices aforefaid) yet the true, 
' Ends thereof appeared clearly to be the fame with 

* the faid treafonable Engagement and Tumult 
*. againft the Parliament ; all of them concentring, 
4 as in other Things, fo efpecially in this, viz. To. 
4 have the King brought up to Lond'jn^ without 
4 Delay, or any nearer Approach of the Army* 
4 And to all thefe the fucceediag Votes of the pre- 

* tended Houfes, for the fame Thing, did fpeedily 

* eccho the fame Note. 

4 Concerning which Matters (not to examine, 

, * what- Alteration- of the Cafe, fincc both Houfes, 

R 3 * and 

262 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

^n. 23 Car. I. < and both Kingdoms alfo, of England and Scat-. 
4 land) refolved, That it was hot fafe the King 

* fhould come to London, untill he had given Sa- 

* tisfaction and Security to his People, in relation 
4 to thofe public Ends for which fo much Blood 
' and Treafure had been (pent) we (hall only fay 

* thus much to thefe Men's Intentions and De- 

* figns in the Bufinefs, That had the King come 
' up to London, as they have fo often defired and 

* and attempted it is apparent they intended, and 
' would have made ufe of it, rather to lay the 

* ftronger Foundations of a new War, (upon the 

* Ruins of that public Intereft contended for in the 
' former, and of all thofe that had with molt 

* Candor, Clearnefs, and Simplicity of Heart ap- 

* peared and acted for the fame) than any Way 

* to fettle thereby a fafe and well-grounded Peace. 

* And fmce they could not rationally expect fa 

* eafy an obtaining of the King's Perfon to Lon- 
4 don, upon fuch a pretended Vote or Declara- 

* tion of their Defire thereof, it is as evident that 
4 they cculd intend nothing thereby but a more 

* plaufible Pretence and Foundation of Quarrel 
4 againft this Army ; thereby to engage or incline 
4 to their Afliftance the King's Party, and fuch o- 
4 thers as might be catched with the Apprehenfion 
c thereof as a fpeedy Way to Peace, the Thing 
4 fo generally longed for; and by fuch Afliftance 
4 gained, the better to ruin this Army, and thofe 

* faithful Members of Parliament who were retired 

* to it. 

* For our Parts, we fhall rejoice as much as 
6 any to fee the King brought back to his Parlia- 
4 ment; and that not fo much in Place, as in Af- 
4 fection and Agreement, on fuch found Terms 
4 and Grounds as may render both him and the 
' Kingdom fafe, quiet, and happy ; and fhall be 
4 as ready as any to bring his Majefty to London, 
4 when his being there may ' be likely to produce 

* (not greater Disturbances or Diffractions, but) 

* a Peace indeed j and that fuch as may not, with 

< the 

of ENGLAND. 263 

* the Shipwreck of the Public Intereft, be fhaped An - 2 3 Car. 
' and moulded only to the private Advantage of v I( 

c .a particular Party or Faction ; but bottomed chief- Auguft. 

* ly on Grounds of common and public Welfare 

* and Security : And if, without regard to thefe 
' Confiderations, we would have brought his Ma- 

* jefty with us to London in our late Advance thi- 

* ther, which our Enemies could not hinder or pre- 

* judice us in, we had no caufe to doubt, but, as 
6 to Men, we might have had all the Advantages 

* which our Adverfaries promifed to themfclves 

* thereby, added to the Strength and Intereft of the 
' Army ; and have inverted the Difadvantages up- 

* on them that they intended againft us thereby, fo 
"* as his Majefty's fo-much-defired Coming to Lon- 
' don might have been much to their Prejudice, 
c and our Advantage and Security, if we had re- 
c garded only our own Particulars : But (as at 
1 prefent our Confciences bear clear Witnefs to 
' on delves, fo) we hope God will, in the IlTue, 
' make it clear to others, that we have not mind- 

* cd nor been acting, our own Work or Interefts, 

* but the Kingdom's, and every honeft Man's in 
< it. 

* Mean while, to return to our Purpofe, we 
4 think is is fufficiendy cleared, That the Proceed- 
' ings of thofe Members, or the major Part of 

* them, that continued to fit at IVeftm'mJler during 
1 the Abfence of the Speakers, the Powers by then} 
t given, the Forces by them levied, and other 
' Preparations of War thereupon made, were all 
c defigned and driven on in Profecution and Main- 
4 tenance of the faid treafonnble Engagement, and 

* of the Force done upon the Parliament, or for 
4 the fame Ends and Interefts with them, and to 

* oppofe the Advance of this Army towards London* 
4 for Reftitution of the Parliament to Honour and 
1 Freedom, and indeed to raife a new War in the 

* Kingdom, againft the Parliament and their Ar- 

* my, for the Deftruction thereof. And the fame 

* may yet further appear by this, that thofe very 
' Apprentices, Reformadoes, and others about the 

R 4 < City, 

264 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

*3 c "> 1* ' City, who were the chief Adlors in the faid En- 
_ _, * gagement and Tumult, were afterwards moil 
' trufted and employed, and moft active in thofe 

* Preparations for War. 

' By what we have here faid, and what hath 
' been declared and publifhed from us, and from the 

* Speakers and aforefaid Members of both Houfes, 
' and by the whole Series of our own and our 

* Enemies Actions and Carriages, compared toge- 

* ther, it may appear how tender we have been, 

* not only of the Authority and juft Privileges of 

* Parliament, and of the Safety, Peace and Wel- 
4 fare, both of the Kingdom and the City, but even 
' towards thofe our Enemies themfelves ; feeking 

* only Things neceffary for the common Good of 

* the whole, and that, if pofftble, without Ruin 
' or Hurt to any; and yet how malicioufly, trea<- 

* cherourty, and unworthily we have that while beeii 

* dealt withrl by thofe our Enemies, and by a 

* factious and powerful Party, efpecially in the Par- 
' liament and City, combining with them ; and 
4 what clear Caufe we have had, both for all that 

* we have formerly defired or done, in Prevention, 

* of our own Ruin and the Kingdom's Difturbance; 

* and alfo what juft Grounds for our late Advance 

* to London ; the good Service whereof, efpecially 
c in reftoring the Parliament to a Condition of Safe- 

* ty, Honour, and Freedom thereby, hath been, 

* without any feeking of ours, acknowledged by 

* both Houfes, with Thanks to us, and public 

* Thankfgiving to Almighty God for it : and a fur- 
4 ther Truil hath been thereupon committed to the 
4 General, for taking Care with his Army to fafe- 

* guard the Parliament. 

' The Houfes being thus reftored to a Condi- 
c tion of prefent Safety, Honur, and Freedom, 

* two Things teem clearly remaining to be done, 
which our ov/n, and moft Men's Expectations 
are moft fet upon, viz. Firft, To vindicate the 
c Honour, Freedom, and Safety of Parliament from 

* the like Affronts and Violence in future, and the 

' Army 

^"ENGLAND. 265 

Army and Kingdom from Danger of the like Dif- An - * fi 3 Car. I. 

* turbances, whilft Things (hall be in a Debate or i * ^' t 

* Treaty for a Settlement and then to proceed un- Auguft, 

* to a fpeedy Settlement of the Peace of the King- 
' dom. 

* The latter of thefe is firft in our Intentions, 
' being neareft to the ultimate End ; and we ftiall 

* earneftly defire that, in order thereunto, the Pro- 

* pofals of the Army, whereof the Heads are pub- 

* lifhed, may be fpeedily confidered and brought to 

* a Resolution. But confidering that the Debates 
' of them may take up fome Time ere they be 

* agreed on all Hands, and the framing of them into 

* Bills, and perfecting of the fame, will require 

* much more ; fomething muft firft be done in the 
former, for a prefent Security to the Parliament 
' from like Affronts or Violence, and to the Army 
' and Kingdom from the like Difturbances to the 

* Peace thereof, by any farther Advantage which 

* the Time like to be fpent in the fettling of Peace 

* may afford to our watchful!, reftlefs, and, we 

* doubt, implacable Enemies. 

' Firft, therefore, to thefe Ends, unlefs it fhould 

* be thought fit to fecure the Parliament, by keep- 

* ing the whole Body of the Army, or fo great a 
' Part thereof to remain continually in and about 
' London^ as might be fure to over-power any 
' future Tumults or Force that may arife out of 

* the City, which neither the Welfare of the City 
' and Eafe of the Parts adjacent, nor the Safety 
' of the Kingdom, in refpe&of the prefent Pofture 

* of Affairs, will admit) it is abfolutely neceflary 

* that there be fpeedy and exemplary Juftice done 

* upon, at leaft, the chief Authors and Abettors of 

* the faid treafonable Engagement, and of the faid 

* Force done to the Parliament, and upon the 
chief A&ors in Maintenance and Profecution 
' thereof, whereby Men may be deterred from the 
' like in the future : And this is alfo as neceflary 
to the Security of the Army and Peace of the 

* Kingdom, fince it is apparent by all that hath 
' been faid, and by infinite other Evidences, too 

* m;v:y 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

many to recount, that both the faid Engage- 
ment, and the Force done to the Parliament, an^ 
A uft. * .the Power of the City Militia thereby gained* 

* and the fucceeding Votes and Orders or" the pre- 
' tended Houfes (but indeed of that Faction that 
{ are our profefled Enemies) in Maintenance and 
' Profecution -thereof, and the Forces there upoa 
' levied, put under the Command of Major-Ge- 

* neral MaJJoy^ and o hers our profefled Adverfaries, 

* were all defigned and directed to the Ruin and 
' DeftruHon of this Army, and the raifmg of a 
' new War againft us in this Kingdom ; and having; 

* had fuch Experience of their rcftlefs Malice and 
' cruel Intentions towards us, notwithftanding 
' our Tendernefs and Lenity towards them, and of 
c their treacherous Dealings fo foon as they thought 
' they had the Advantage, notwithilandin^ all their 
' Semblances of Compliance to a Compofure, what 
c Reafon is there to expect but that, if, by our 
' Patience and Delays, they apprehend in future 
c the like or other Advantage, they will break 

* out again into the like or worfe Attempts of 
' Violence and War, if all cfcape with Impunity 
' for thefe ? 

' But as to this Point of Security by exemplary 
1 Juftice in an ordinary Way, we fee our Hopes 
4 almoft fruftrated ; for tho' our Defires and Refo- 

* lutions to that Purpofe, exprefled in our late De- 
' clarations of the Grounds of our Advance towards 
c London, were then feconded with the declared 
' Approbation and ccncurrent Reiohitions of the 

* Speakers and Members of both Houfes that were 
' driven away to the Army, and with their Engage- 

* ment to live and die with us therein ; and tho', 
1 in purfuance thereof, the Right Honourable the 
4 Houfe of Peers have, fince their Reftitution, be- 

* gun and proceeded to declare null and void a! I 

* that was done in the Name of both Houfes whilo 
c they lay under the Power of that tumultuous- 
' Violence, and to give their more authentic Ap- 

* probation to our faiJ Declaration :n:i'l-.- in B:hai 

* of the faW Speakers and Members while they 

of ENGLAND. 267 

* were with the Army, and in Behalf of the Ho- AD. ^$ Car. I. 

* nour and Freedom of the Parliament; and to I64?> 

* give their like Approbation to the concurrent v ' ' v "' 
' Peclaration and Engagement of the faid Speakers 

' and Members made to us while they were with 

* us j yet the Houfe of Commons hath not only 

* not concurred with the Lords in any of thofe 
' Things, but rather feem to have caft them afide ;. 
' and upon the Queftion concerning thofe very 
' Votes of the faid 26th ofju!y y to which theHoufes 

* were by the faid Violence enforced, whether they 

* (hould be declared null and void, it was carried 

* in the Negative, that the Queftion mould not be 
' put : By the Confequences whereof, which are 
1 many Ways very fad to this poor Kingdom, and 

* more than we can recount ; and by all fubfequent 

* Proceedings in that Houfe in relation to the whole 

* \Bufmefs, we clearly find that the Members of 

* that Houfe, who, after the Violence done to it, 

* and during the Abfence of the Speaker and the 

* other Members thereby driven away, proceeding 

* in the Name of that Houfe as aforefaid, procured 
1 the pretended Powers, and did make the pretend- 

* ea Votes, Orders, and Ordinances aforemention- 
' ed ; and, many of them, were chief A6iors there - 

* upon for the levying of War in Profecution and 

* Maintenance of the aforefaid treafonable Engage- 
' ment and Force done to the Parliament, and for 
' the oppofing, refitting, and deftroying of this the 

* Parliament's Army in its Advance to London^ for 

* th Restitution of the Parliament to its Honour 

* and Freedom, being confcious of their own Guilt 
' and Danger thereby ; yet, prefuming on their 
' Inteieft in the Houfe, and the Patience and Le- 

* nity of this Army, do continue to intrude them- 

* felves and to fit and vote there; anc 1 , by their 
' prefent Intereft in the Houfe, do ufe their utmoft 
4 Endeavours, and very much prevail, to obftrucl: 
c and avoid the bringing of any to JufHce who have 

* acted under their pretended Authority ; knowing 
^ it to be their own Cafe and Concernirent in Point 
*. of Impunity, as \vsil as conducing to their Fac- 

* tioa 

268 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, 23 Car. I. tion and Intcreft ; and for that Caufe they labour^ 
as ^ or f^ifrj to uphold the Things paft and done x 
t ' le Authorities given by them and their Fac- 
4 tion, in their and the Apprentices pretended Par-. 

* liament, yea even thofe very Votes and Authori- 

* ties wrefted from the Parliament by that palpable 

* Force of July 26, to be good and valid until 

* they be repealed,, as if pait in a free and legal 

* Parliament. 

* In which Point, and all Queftions touching 

* upjon it, we find they prefume upon, and are 

* ftrenethened by, the Concurrence of divers other 

* Members, who having, perhaps with harmlcfs 
4 Intentions, continued to fit with them during 

* the Speaker's Abfence as aforefaid, though they 

* confented not to any of their mifchievous Votes 

* and Orders, or treafonable Proceedings aforcmen- 

* tioned, may yet fear themfelves to be involved 
1 in the fame Cafe and Danger, by having fat with 

* them : And thus, by the Concurrence of thefe 
' two Parties in the Houfe as to that Point, and the 
' Intereft which both thefe Parties have with others 
' in the Houfe, efpecially upon a Matter of faving 
4 one another ; and by the partial Refpe6b of 
' fome others in the Houfe, for the faving of their 

* Friends out of the Houfe, who have a&ed under 

* the Authority, and for the evil Ends aforemen- 

* tioneo\ we find an abfolute Obftruction to the 

* bringing to Juftice or queftioning of any who 
' have atted in the late levying of War againft us, 
' and againft the Vindication of the Parliament's 
' Freedom, or in the faid treafonable Engage - 

* ments ; yea, or in Abetment of the tumultuous 

* Violence upon the Parliament itfelf ; neither can 
' we find or hear of any one Perfon hitherto brought 

* to Juftice or Queftion for any of thofe Things ; but 
' all feem to be either juftified, or at leaft protecl- 
' ed from Juftice, by the Power and Prevalence 
' of thofe Members in Parliament, who are, ma- 
4 ny of them, as we can make appear, equally 
4 9-uilty of, and, others, in fome Kind obnoxious 
*- for, the fame Thing : And thus not Quly out 

4 iv.fl 

^ENGLAND. 269 

* juft Expectations of Vindication to the Paflia- An. 5^ Car. I. 

* ment, and Security to ourfelves and the King- l6 4 7 - 

* dom from the like treafonable and turbulent ' ^ uft 

* Practices in future, by exemplary Juftice for 
' what hath been fo done> are frustrated ; but even 

* the Safety and Immunity of the Speakers, and 
' thofe faithful Members of both Houfes that were 

* driven away by the Violence aforefaid, and the 

* Immunity of the Army in advancing to London^ 

* to bring them back and reftore the Parliament to ^ 
' its Honour and Freedom, which hath been ac- 

* knowledged by public Thankfgiving to God for 

* it, as aforefaid, is fubje&ed and expofed to Que- 
4 ftion ; wherein theirs, and ours, and the King- 

* dom's Enemies obtrude themfelves to be the 

* Judges : For if thofe pretended Votes, Orders, 

* and Ordinances, whereby War was levied againft 

* them and us, were then good and valid ; though 

* they (hould now be repealed ; yet we, with the 

* Speakers, and thofe Members aforefaid, in op- 

* pofing of them while they were in Force, muft 

* needs remain Tranfgreflbrs ftill ; and yet God and 
' we are thanked for it. What a Mock is this to 
God and Man ? 

* But to return to the more ferious Confidera- 

* tion of our Cafe, in relation to the Security of 
" the Parliament, Kingdom, and ourfelves, againft 
' the like turbulent and treafonable Practice in fu- 

* ture ; ftnce, by the Means aforefaid, no Security 

* by exemplary Juftice can at prefent be had to 

* deter any from the like, we wifh all Men to 
' confider what Straits we are in this Cafe put 
' upon, 

* That which is the main Work of the King- 

* dom, and which we moft earneftly thirft for and 

* attend upon, viz. The fettling of a* Peace, and 

* Confideration of our Propofals, in order thereun- 

* to, will afk Time to bring rt to an Iflue ; and 

* that done, the relieving or remedying of the pref- 
4 ling Grievances of the Kingdom will take up 

* and require the Sitting of the Parliament for 

* fome further Time, though, upon the fettling 


27 o *The Parliamentary H i s f o R V 

An. 23 Car. I. ' of a Peace, a Period be . fet for the certain end 

-- l6 . 47 J ' ' n ^ i. c * Now, for the Body of this Army, or 

Auguft. * f g reat a P art f ^ as mri )' ferve to over- power 

4 any future Tumults or Force that may arife in 

4 or from the City, to continue hereabouts fo lono;V 

* the Condition of the Country round about, and 

* the Necefliiies of the City, in Point of Provifion, 
4 cannot well bear it ; and, we doubt, foreign 
4 Forces, that are already upon the Wing, and 
' turbulent Spirits, that in feveral Parts of the King- 
' dom arc beginning Infurre&ions if we continue 

* fixed here, will have fuch Opportunity, and take 

* fuch Encouragement therefrom, as that they 
' may, erelong, neceflarily call us off. Should we 
4 now or hereafter, while the Parliament fits, draw 

* off the Army from about the City, without ex-' 
4 emplary Jufticc upon fome, would not the fame, 

* or more dangerous, Tumults and Violences pro- 

* babjy return upon the Parliament, and the like, 

* or worfe, Practices of raifmg a new War be re- 

* vived, with more Advantage to our Enemies, 
4 more Danger to us and the Kingdom, and lefs 
4 Hopes of appeafing it fo eafily .and happily as 
4 the former, while the fame violent and factious 
4 Spirits, both in the Parliament jind el fe where, 
4 foall continue in the fame Power and Opportu- 

* nities as formerly ; and both they and all others 
4 {hall have before their Eyes the Encouragement 

* of that Impunity and Protection, yea rather that 
4 Juftincation, which they have hitherto found 
4 from within the Parliament itfelf in the paft 
4 Practices aforementioned, though as grofly trca- 

* fonable as any they can hereafter run into ? Should 
4 we or any others, for the obtaining of exem- 
4 plary Juftice upon ibme, proceed to impeach any 
4 for their paft treafonable Practices, what Hopes 
4 of Juftice or of a timely Difpatch therein can we 
4 have, while fuch a prevailing Party of Men, in- 
4 tereited and concerned in the fame Things, {hall, 
4 in the Houfe of Commons, continue to be Judges 
4 thereof ; or at leaft be ready to avow and juftify 

* the Offenders therein, as having a<led under 

2 4 their 

of ENGLAND. 271 

* their pretended Authority? In this Strait there- An. 23 Car. I. 

* fore, though we ever have been and ftiall be moft 
4 tender of alljuft Privileges of Parliament, yet 
' finding the Root of thefe and other Difficulties 
' to the Parliament, Kingdom and ourfelves, to 

* lie in this, viz. That thofe Members of the 
1 Houfe of Commons who, during the forced Ab- 

* fence of the Speakers of both Houfes, continuing 
' to fit and act as a Parliament, did procure and 

* confent to the pretended Votes, Orders, and Or- 

* dinances aforementioned for levying of War ; and 

* that, as is before demonltrated, in direct Profe- 

* cution or Maintenance of the aforefaid treafon- 
4 able Engagement and the Violence done to the 

* Parliament ; and for the oppofing, refuting, and 

* deftroying of this the Parliament's Army in its 

* Advance towards London^ only to reitore the 

* Speakers and Members of both Houfes that were 

* driven away, and the Houfes themfelves, to their 

* Honour and Freedom; and who are thereby, and 
' by their late owning and avowing of the fame, 

* and many of them, as we can prove by acting 
' perfonally in the faid treafonable Practices, be- 

* come Parties to the fame, do yet take the Bold- 
' nefs to fit and vote in Parliament, efpecially in 
' the Houfe of Commons. We fay, finding the 
6 main Root of our Difficulties and Dangers to lie 
4 in this, 

* Firft, we appeal to all Men, Whether it be 
*juft or tolerable, that any Privilege of Parlia- 

* mcnt ftiould, contrary to the Law of Nature, 

* make a Man Judge -in his own Cafe and Con- 

* cernment ? And we wifh thofe Men themfelves to 

* conlider, if we had come to an Engagement with 
1 the Forces raifed by virtue of their pretended 

* Votes and Ordinances, and that thoufands had 
' been flain, and that we had made our Way by the 
' Sword, Whether they would then have expected 

* to have fat as Judges on us therein ? And we are 
4 fure it is no Thanks to them that it hath been 

* otherwife ; and had we found thole Members 

272 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 13 Car. I. in Arms agninft us^ and fubdued and taken them, 

*P+7 m * Whether had they not been in the Condition 

Au iift ' ^ P r if ners of War ? And if fo then having 

' put Arms into the Hands of others againft us, and" 

' ftill maintaing it, Whether can they, in ftrict 

* Juftice, challenge any better Condition from us ? 
' But that, contrariwife, we (hould fuffer either 

* that thofc whom, by the Courfe of War which 

* they had chofe to engage in againft us, we might 

* juftly make our Prisoners, mould, in a Courfe 
' of Law, become our M afters and Commanders ; 

* or that thofe who the other Day did, in an hoftile 
' Manner, endeavour to have been our Executi- 
' oners, {hould, now we have by Force broke 
4 their Preparations againft us, become our Jud^e? j 
' we fuppofe no reafonable Man, nor ttarmfelves, 
' when they well confider it, can expect from 
' us. 

* Upon all thefe Confiderations of the Juftnefs 
' of the Caufe, and the Neceflity of the Thing, 
' for the Safety of the Parliament, Kingdom, and 
' this Army, (having no other Way left timely to 
' remedy the Difficulties we are put upon, or pre- 
' vent the growing Dangers of future Violence 
' unto the Parliament, and Difturbances to the 

* Kingdom, or to fecure the Parliament in a quiet 
1 Proceeding to fettle the Peace of the Kingdom ; 
' and in fuch Cafe, the Safety of the People be- 

* ing the Supreme Lawj we do proteft and declare, 

* That if any of thofe Members, who, during the 
' Abfence of the Speakers and the reft of the 
Members of both Houfes, forced away by the 

* tumultuous Violence aforefaid, did fit and vote 
' in the pretended Houfes then continuing at 

* Weftmatfter^ fhall hereafter intrude themfelves to 

* fit in Parl iament, before they fhall have given 
4 Satisfaction to the refpe&ive Houfes, concern- 
' ing the Grounds of their faid Sitting at Weji- 

* mlnfter^ during the Abfence of the faid Speakers j 

* and {hall have acquitted themfelves by iufficient 
' Evidence, that they did not procure or give 


of E N G L A N D. 

c their Confent unto any of thofe pretended Votes, An. 

* Orders, or Ordinances, tending to the raifmg and 

* levying of a War, as is before declared, or for 
4 the King's Coming forthwith to London, we 
c cannot any longer fiiffer the fame ; but fhall 
' do that Right to the Speakers and Members of 

* both Houfes who were driven away to us, and 
1 to. oiirfelves with them, all wliom the laid other 
r Members have endeavoured, in an honule Man- 
' ner, moft unjiiftly to deftroy ; arid alfo to the 
c Kingdom, which they endeavoured to imbroil in 

* a new War, as to take Tome t'peedy and effectual 
' Courfe whereby to reftrain them from being 

* their own, ours, and the Kingdom's Judges in 
' thofe Things wherein they have made themfelves 
' Parties ; by this Means to make Way that both 

* they and others that are guilty of and Parties to, 
e the aforefaid treafonable and deftructive Practices 

* and Proceedings againft the Freedom of the Pah- 
' liament and Peace of the Kingdom, may be 

* brought to condign Punifhment ; and that at the 
' Judgment of a free Parliament, confiding, duly 
c and properly, of fuch Members of both Houfes 
c refpectively, who ftand clear from fuch apparent 
' and treafonable Breach of their Trufi, as is before 
' exprefled.' 

By the Appointment cf his Excellency and the 
General Council of his Army. 

JO. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

Next follows the Letter of Thanks to the Ge- 
neral, which contains no more than what is al- 
ready exprefled in the Order for it. How the 
Houfe of Commons relifhed this laft Declaration 
from the Army will (hortly appear. However, it 
plainly {hews they were in no better Situation thari 
before, but rather more under the Power of the 
Sword ; and, no doubt, haftensd the Agreement 
between the two Houfes : For, 

The fame Day, the Commons fent up another 
Draught of an Ordinance for making void all Votes, 

VOL. XVI. S Orders, 

for making void 
all Proceedings 
during the Ab- 
fence of the 
Speakers, pafles 
both Houfer. 

274 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. Orders, and Ordinances, in the Time of the Ab- 

L l647 ' f nee of the Speakers ; which, after fome Debate, 

Au v ft> the Lords agreed to. It was in every Refpedt an- 

fwerable to that which had been brought into the 

Houfe of Lords before, and pafled there, except in 

the following Provifo : 

The Ordinance ' Provided always, That no Perfon (hall be im- 
' peached or punifhed for their Actings, by, or upon, 
or according to, the aforefaid Votes, Orders, and 
Ordinances, unlefs he or they {hall be found 
guilty of contriving, acting, or abetting, the vi- 
ftble and actual Force aforefaid ; or being prefent 
at, or knowing of, the faid Force, did afterwards 
act upon the Votes fo forced ; or were guilty of 
entering into or promoting the late Engagement 
for bringing the King to the City, upon the 
Terms and Conditions exprefled in his Majefty's 
Letter of the I2th cf May laft.' 
The Commons had warmly debated every Claufe 
of this Ordinance : For no lefs than three Divi- 
fions, on the Queftion, appear in their Jcurnah y 
of the i gth Inftant, all fo near in Number, as 96 
againft 93, 85 againft 83, and 87 againft 84, be- 
fore the General's Letter and Remonftrance were 
delivered to that Houfe j which, after reading, 
filenced all their Debates j and, the next Day, the 
Ordinance was pafled, as above, and fent to the 
Lords by Sir John Evelyn. In Lord Holies': Me- 
main we are informed, that to enforce this Decla- 
ration, a Party of 1000 Horfe were drawn up in 
Hyde-Park; Cromwell and Ireton making mena- 
cing Speeches in the Houfe, and Guards out of 
the Army befetting the Doors and Avenues there- 

Aug. 22. The Commons fent up to impart to 
the Lords fome Intelligence they had received from 
Ireland, of a decifive Victory over the Rebels in 
that Kingdom. The Particulars of the Battle, fcrV. 
being in Mr. Rujbivortb's Cdleftiom (f), and rather 


(c) CtUeffina, Vol. VII. p- 779- 

of E N G L A N a 275 

foreign to our Purpofe, we omit ; obferving only, An. 23 car. r. 

that the Parliament ordered a Day of Thankfgiving ^ / 

for it, to be firft kept in London and Wejlminjler* Au guft. 
and afterwards all over England, 

Augnjl 24. There is a Recefs from any material 
Bufmefs in both Houfes, except that this Day the 
Houfe of Commons were fomewhat alarmed with 
an Information that Mr. Anthony Nicholl* one of the 
Eleven Members accufed by the Army, was efca- 
ped out of the Serjeant's Cuftody. All the Ports Some of the 
in England and Wales were ordered to be flopped, M^" ir "- 

j 11 r^tf 11- ? peach d by the 

and all Officers belonging to them were required Army retire to 
not to fuffer him to pafs through them. So great different Parts, 
a Dread was had of the Army at this Time. Mr. 
Whitlocke writes (d}* < That Mr. Holies* Sir Philip 
Stapylton* Sir William Lewis, Sir William Waller* ^ 
Sir John Clotivorthy* and Mr. Long* went in one 
Ship for France-* where, foon after, that gallant 
Gentleman, Sir Philip Stapylton* died of the Plague 
at Calais : And that fome of them went into other 
Parts, or retired to their own Countries, and lived 
privately.' Mr. Holies went to St. Mere Eglide* in 
Normandy* ' where he refided feveral Years, and 
wrote his Memoirs. 

Thus the Army got rid of the moft able Mana- 
gers againft them ; which, as Mr. Ludlow (e) ob- 
ferves, * was their principal Aim in their Profecu- 
tion of the Eleven Members.' 


jfuguft 26. A Letter was read from Lord Mon- The King re. 
tague* dated at Oatlands* Augujl 24, informing the mo^es to Harnp- 
Lords, That, the Night before, the King was ton - Cour 
pleafed to tell them he intended to go this Day to 
Hampton-Court* whither they were to attend 
him. And, 

Augujl 27. The Lords and Commons agreed to 

the Propofitions for Peace, with the Addition of a 

Provifo, after a Conference, in which the latter 

gave the following Reafons for their infifting -te- 

S 2 nacioufly, 

{</) Menoriaht p. 259. (<r) Memoirs, Vol, I. p. 197. 

276 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car.I. nacioufly, to the Propofitions as they came from 
them, without any further Alteration : 

Becaufe it was the Refolution of both Houfes, 
with the Confent of the Kingdom of Scotland, to 
fend the fame Propofitions now as were fent to the 

ProprftioH of K - a( . ^euca/Jle: That great Prejudice would 

Peace ordered to o r p, rr j , _,. 

be fent to him enfue, if they were not fpeeded ; for fo much I nne 
there. will be elapfed, if there be any Alterations in them, 

becaufe they muft then be fent to Scotland alfo, 
which will very much retard the fettling the Peace 
of the Kingdom.' The Lords debated this Matter 
fome Time ; but at laft agreed to it, and order- 
ed the Propofitions, after having the Confent of 
the Scots Commiflioners to them, to be fent to the 

September i. A Letter from the Setts Com- 
miflioners was read : 

Fcr the Right Honourable the SPEAKER of the Hoitfc 
of PEERS pro Tempore. 

WorceJlcr-Houft) Aug. 30, 1647. 

Right Honourably 

* V J E are commanded from the Committee of 

* W the Eftates of the Kingdom of Scotland, 
' to deliver this inclofed Letter to both the Houfes 
' of the Parliament of England, and to defire that 

* a fpeedy Anfwer may be returned thereto, that 
c the Meflenger, who is fent to attend the fame, 

* may be haftened back ; we therefore entreat your 
' Lordfhip to communicate the faid Letter lathe 
4 Honourable Houfes, and reft 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants, 



of E N G L A N D. 277 

For the Right Honourable the LORDS and COMMONS An. a 3 Car. I. 
ajjembled in the Parliament of England at Weft- l647> , 
minfter. September. 

Edinburgh, Aug. 21, 1647. 

Right Honourable, 
' ^IT/E have heard, and not without Amaze- A ^ etter frora 

* W ment, that the Earl of Lauderdale, one the states of 

of the Commiffioners employed by this King- ^^jj^jf 
' dom, having, in Purfuance of our Directions, .^| for'thei* 

* repaired to his Majefty, was, in a violent Man- Commiflioners, 

* ner, forced away by fome Soldiers in Sir Thomas Meffengers, &c. 
' Fairfax's Army, contrary to the Law of Nations, 

e and a particular Agreement betwixt the King- 

* doms. We do like wife find that Letters and 
' Meflengers, directed to us from our Commiffion- 

* ers, have been intercepted j whereby that happy 
* Correfpondence, which hath been formerly be- 

* twixt the Kingdoms, is interrupted; and, after 
* ferious Deliberations, we thought good to defire 
' from the Houfes of Parliament a Reparation of 

* thofe Injuries, efpecially of that done to the Earl 
' of Lauderdale, which we look upon as done to 

* this Kingdom ; rior can we, in reafon, think, 

* though we fhould be filent, that the Houfes of 
e Parliament will fuffer fo great an Offence to pafs 
4 unpuniflied. And becaufe we cannot .expect a 

* free Intercourfe and Communication of Affairs 
' betwixt the two Kingdoms for the future, unlefs 

* there be a Protection of the Perfons of our Com- 

* miflloners from all Injury and Violence, and a 
' free PafTage for Meflengers, Packets, and Letters, 
' betwixt us and them ; we do further deiire, That 
' we may have Affurance under the Hands of the 
' Speakers of both Houfes, and of Sir Thomas 
c Fairfax and his Council of War, that our Com- 

* miflioners, and fuch others as (hall be employed 

* by us hereafter, with their Retinue, or fuch as 
4 (hall have Paffes from us, fhall have free Accefs 
^ to his Majefty, and to the Houfes of Parliament, 

* and be permitted to ftay there, and return thither 

83 at 

278 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 dr. I. a t their Pleafure, without any Moleftation or Re- 

, \^'_ , ' ftraint whatfoever j as alfo that all Meflen^ers, 

September. ' Packets, or Letters fent from us to them, or from 

* them to us, (hall freely pafs without any Man- 
' ner of Interruption : And to the end all thefe 
' may be the better obferved, we defire Intima- 
' tion may be made thereof to all Commanders of 

* Garrifons,and other Officers and Soldiers ; where- 
' unto we defire and expeft your fpeedy Anfwer by 
the Bearer. 

* We defire alfo that there be a free Commerce 

* and Traffick alfo to all the Subjects of this 

* Kingdom, as in former Times before thefe late 

* Troubles. I reft 

Your affcftionate Friend^ 

And bumble Servant, 
LOUD ON, Cancellarius. 

The Lords ordered this Letter to- be commu- 
nicated to the Houfe of Commons, and to defire 
their Concurrence that the Confideration of the 
Matter of Fact be referred to the Membr-rs of 
both Houfes that are of the Committee of both 
Kingdoms, toconfider what is fit to be done there- 
upon, and to make Report thereof to the Houfes : 
Alfo that the Fropofitions of both Kingdoms, for 
a fafe and well-grounded Peace, fhall be prefented 
to the King on Tuefday next ; that the Scots Com- 
miflioners be acquainted therewith, and that they be 
defired to go along with fuch a Committee of Lords 
and Commons as fliall be appointed by both Houfes 
to prefent the fame, and the Concurrence of the 
Houfe of Cominons to be defired herein. 

The fame jjjav the Sub-committee of Lords and 
Common^, appointed to examine into the Force 
ufed to the Parliament, &c. made fome Report of 
A new Militia it to this Effeft : 

crtnBitutcd in * That it is the Opinion of the faid Committee, 

VuiJon. That a new Militia be conftituted, in the City of 

L on dcn^ 

ef ENGLAND. 279 

London^ by Ordinance, and only fitting Perfons An. 23 Car. I. 

employed in it : That the Train'd Bands and t l6 * 7 ' A 

Auxiliaries of the 'Tower Hamlets fhall be un- November. 

der the immediate Command and Power of the 

Conftable of the Tower and his Lieutenant, &c. 

That it be referred to the General and his Officers 

to confider what conftant and ordinary Guard will 

be fit for the Safety of the Tower ; and, admitting 

the Army be removed from the City, what fhall 

be done with the Line of Communication and the 

Forts about London ? 

' That it is the Opinion of the Committee, in 
order to the Safety of the Parliament and City, 
that they fhould take fuch principal Perfons of the 
City into Cuftody, as have had a hand in the late 
Turn It, and have endeavoured to raife a new 
War : That they report the State of their Mifde- 
meanors to the Houfes, to be brought to fpeedy 
Juftice ; to the end that fuch as are faulty may be 
removed, and fit Perfons put into fuch Places of 
Truft as they now enjoy. 

' Laftly^ That the Houfes may be moved to 
confider of their Power, concerning the Adjourn- 
ment of the Parliament unto fome other Place ; 
for until that be declared, it is very difficult to of- 
fer what may be for their future Security, otherwife 
than by the Body of the Army.' 

At the fame Time was prefented to the Lords 
the Anfwer of the General and his Officers to the 
Points referred to them by this Sub-committee. 

' That as to the Point concerning the Line of 
Communication, and Forts about the Cities of 
London and Wejlminjler^ and Borough of South- 
ward, wherein you have afked our Opinion, we 
anfwer, That we conceive it neceflary that the 
whole Line of Communication, as alfo the Forts 
upon and about the fame, be effectually flighted, 
before the Army draws off from their prefent 
Quarters about the City. 

' That as to the other Part, concerning the 
Guards at the Tower, they would fend their Opinion 
in three or four Days.' 

S 4 Sept. 

" *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

s&pt. 2. Purfuant to Part of this Advice, both 
Houfes, this Day, parted an Ordinance for refet-r 
tling the Militia of London, &c. in the old Hands; 
and alfo to another, for effectually flighting all the 
Works and Forts a^out the City. 

^novs^Aher^ The Proportions for Peace having been ordered 

theEnghfh Par- to ^ e ft ewn to ^ Scots Commifiioners, for their 

hament and the Aflent to them, before they were preferred to the 

scots commif- King, the Scots returned for Anfwer, That they 

fioners aoout the ,', . , _. ,. . J 

s of did expedt to hear from the Parliament in Anfwer 
to fome Letters they had fent to them, concerning 
fome late Affronts and Violence done their Mem- 
bers, for which no Reparation was as yet given, 
before they returned their Senfe of the whole Bu- 
fmefs, or could conceive themfelves to be in a fuf- 
ficient Security for prefenting his Majefty with the 
Propofitions for Peace, efpecially where that Army 
is which acted thefe Things : Therefore they de- 
ftrcd a Safe-Conduit, conformable to the faid Letter 
in all Points/ 

The Committee of Parliament anfwered the 
Sects, ' That whereas, in ,thcir. Paper then given, 
they fay. That before they return their Stnfe of the 
ivbilt Bufaefs they do expcft^ &c. the Committee 
defired to know, whether by thefe Words, the 
vjhole Bufinefs^ they intended any other Thing than 
the joining with the Committee of Parliament, in 
prefenting the Propofitions to the King? And, 
for the Safc-Conducl: defired, whether they intend- 
ed any Thing elfe than a Safe-Condu6t for thofe 
Perfons, who were to be employed in prefenting 
the faid Propofitions ?' 

To this the Scots Commiffioners replied, * They 
thought their foimer Paper was fo clear, that it 
needed no Explanation ; but, to fatisfy the Parlia- 
ment's Commillioners, defiring to know what they 
intended by thofe Words, the ^vhole Bufmefs ; they 
relate to the feveal Votes and Orders delivered tq 

about the Proportions themfelves, which they 
h f .u! not yet perufed ; and to the Shortnefs of 
Time for prefenting them to his Majefty, appointed 


of ENGLAND. 281 

without their Knowledge: And, as to the Safe- An. 23 Car. I. 
Conduct deiired by them, they expected t it to be , I047 ' t 
for all fuch Perfons and Ends, as are fully expref- September, 
ied in the Letter of the Committee of Eftates of 
Scotland, the 2ift of Auguft laft; and having thus 
cleared the Thing, they defired that both Papers 
might be reported to the Honourable Houfes.' 

Upon the reading of thefe Matters in the Houfe 
of Lords, it was ordered to be referred to a Com- 
mittee to confider of a proper Anfwer to be re- 
turned to the Scots Commiflioners upon thofe Pa- 
pers, and report the fame to the Houfe. 

This Anfwer was drawn up, read, and agreed to 
the fame Day, and ordered to be delivered to the 
Scots Commiflioners that Afternoon, as follows : 

Right Honourable, September 2, 1647. 

WE have received your Lordfhip's Papers of 
the firft and fecond of this Inftant Sep- 
tember^ as reported to us from the Members of 
both Houfes that are of the Committee of both 
Kingdoms ; and, having taken the fame into 
Confideration, do return this Anfwer, That a 
Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax, of the Twentieth 
of Auguji laft (*), in order to your Satisfaction in 
that Bufinefs concerning the Earl of Lauder- 
dalf, hath been already communicated to you ; 
and further, fmce the Receipt of the Letter of 
the 2 1 ft of Auguft from the States of Scotland, 
we have put the Bufinefs into a Way of Exa- 
mination, that we may fully and fpeedily fatisfy 
ourfelves of the Matters of Fact, and fhall do 
therein what fhall be juft and fit to give that 
Kingdom Satisfaction : But the Houfes being 
hitherto not informed of the Particulars thereof, 
and having, as yet, not any Proof at all, could 
not have expected that it fhould be taken as an 
Occafion to hinder the fending of the Propofi- 
f tions for the fpeedy Settlement of the Peace of 


() We do not find this Letter in the Journals of either Houfe, 
or in xhe Colkfiiens* 

282 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car T. fat Kingdom ; and the rather, becaufe as we 

v , e have not nor (hall not maintain any unfit and 

September. * un;uftifiable Deportment towards any of your 
' Members, or any others employed from the 
' Kingdom of Scotland, fo we have, upon diverfe 

* Occafions, paffed by Matters of Offence, and 

* never made Ufe thereof to obftruft any public 

* Proceedings betwixt the Kingdoms ; much lefs 
in fuch Things as immediately tend to the fet- 

* tling the Peace thereof. 

' And as to the Particular of fending the Pro- 

* politions to the King on Tuesday next, (which 

4 Propofitions are the fame prefented formerly to 

* the King at NewcaJJle, except in fome few Par- 
' ticulars concerning our own Delinquents and the 
' Bifliops Lands, which are given in Security for 
' the 200,000 /. paid unto you) we do adhere 
' unto you, that no Time may be loft in a Bufi- 

* nefs of that Confequence ; and therefore we do 

* hereby engage ourfelves for a Safe-Condu& to 

* fuch Perfons as you (hall fend to the King upon 

* this Service ; and we do defire your Concurrence 

* in injoining your Commiflioners to deliver the 

* Propofiticns to his Majefty at the Time appoint- 

* ed, wherewith we did acquaint you without the 
' leaft Delay, the very fame Day that it was named 

* by the Hou.fes in order to their Confent ; affur- 

* ing you that we hold it our Duties to proceed 
c with Effcft and Speed to the Settlement of the 

* Peace of the Kingdom, according to the Truft 

* repofed in us/ 

Sept. 3. This Day the Lords received from the 
Scots Commiffioners the following Reply to their 
4 Paper of Yefterday : 

For the Right Honourable //^ SPEAKER of the 

Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, September 3, 1647. 

' ^Tp Hough it cannot in Reafon be denied, that 

* Violence done to public Minifters gives 

5 toojuft Grounds of the retarding -of fuch public 

* Proceedings, 

$f ENGLAND. 2 3 3 

* Proceedings, as are neceflfary to be acted by them, An. 13 Car. I. 

* yet it is not our Mind, nor can it be collected t l647 ' . 

* from the Papers given in to your Lordfhips from September. 
' us, that the violent Deportment of fome Soldiers 

' as to the Perfon of the Earl of Lauderdale is re- 
4 prefented by us to hinder the fending the Pro- 
' pofitions to his Majefty for the fpeedy fettling the 

* Peace of the Kingdom ; but we cannot but con- 
x ceive that we have juft Reafons to demand Se- 

* curity to our Perfons from that Army which 

* committeth Violence againft the Perfon of that 

* Nobleman j who, if he were here prefent, would 
' be able to clear more of their uncivil Carriage 

* than we can, being done contrary to the ear- 
' neft Intreaties of fome of your own Commif- 

* fioncrs ; and, as we are informed, in Prefenc e of 

* fome Colonels of that Army, who know the 
' Soldiers better than we do : And in regard the 

* Committee of the States of the Kingdom of Scet- 

* kmd-t notwithftanding our receiving and tranf- 

* niitting that Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax^ 

* whrch your Lordfhip mentions, have thought fit 
' to dtfire from the Honourable Houfes a Safe- 
' Conduct, under the Hands of both Speakers, the 

* General Sir Thomas Fairfax, and his Council of 
' War, for Indemnity to their Commiffioners Re- 

* tiriue and Servants, together with a free Pafs and 

* Repafs for their MefTengers with Letters to and 
' fro:n the Kingdom of Scotland ; for the granting 

* whereof we have juft Reafon to infift, fmce a 
' MefTenger, on Purpofe, at their Command, doth 
' yet here attend your Lordfhips Anfwer ; nor do 
' we know or remember any public Offence given 

* of that Nature, efpecially to a Commiffioner of 

* this Kingdom. 

* As to the fending of the Prop-fitions of Peace 
' to his Majefty ; as it is our earneft Dffire, fo we 
' hold ourfelves bound, and do moil willingly a- . 

* gree, to the prefenting of them ; yet cannot but 
' conceive ourfelves exceedingly ftraitened in ad- 

* hering to the Circumftance of fo fhort a Day pe- 

* remptorily appointed by your Lordfhips, without 

2 * our 

284 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. c our Knowledge or Confent, notwithftanding we 

t i0 +7* , ' have attended here thefe eight Months paft, and 

September ' tne Proportions as y et not having been fix Days 

' in our Hands ; upon Perufal whereof we do find 

* an Addition of a Provjfo of above twenty Lines, 
' which we apprehend doth import fuch material 

* Alteration tending to (if not the deftroying, yet) 
'.the weakening of fome preceeding Proportions, 

* which are moft confiderable, which we defire to 
c be cleared, for the more full fatisfying of our 
' Judgments and the Exoneration of ourfelves in 
' concurring with your Lordfliips to prefent them 
' to his Majefty. 

We are likewife commanded by the Parlia- 

* ment of Scotland to let the Honourable Houfes 

* know, that they have deleted out of the Propo- 

* fitions of Peace the Names of fome Delinquents, 

* which we fhall deliver in to your Lordfhips be- 
' fore the prefenting of them to his Majefty ; as 
' alfo are warranted by them to concur to the ex- 

* punging of fuch of yours as the Honourable 
e Houfes, in their Wifdoms, {hall think fit j nor 
' fhall any be more willing and ready to do every 
' Thing that may conduce to the fpeedy fettling of 
c a happy Peace to both Kingdoms according to 

* the Truft repofed in us/ 

By Command of the CommiJ/ioners for the Par- 
liament of Scotland, 


The Lords ordered this Letter to be communi- 
cated to the Houfe of Commons, with this Senfe, 
That their Lordfhips think fit that the Members 
of both Houfes that are of the Committee of both 
Kingdoms do meet this Afternoon ; and that they 
ilo endeavour to clear thole Things which the Scots 
Commiflioners exprefs themfelves by their Paper, 
of the third of September inftant, to be unfatisfied 
jn; and further to acquaint them, that the Houfes 
do adhere for fending the Propofitions to the King 
on Tuefday next.' To this the Commons gave 
their Concurrence, 


^ENGLAND. 285 

Sept. 6. This Difpute is ftill continued in the An. 13 Car. I. 
following Papers read this Day in the Houfe of l6 47 ^ 

Lords : ' ^~i 


Die Saturni^ 4/0 Septembris, 1647. 

At a Committee of the Members of both Honfes that 

are of the Committee of both Kingdoms, 

1 TN Purfuance of an Order of botji Houfes of 
' * the third Inftant, we do acquaint your Lord- 
' (hips, that, upon Confideration of the laft Paper 
' fent to the Houfes by your Lordftiips, the Houfes 
' do adhere to their Refolutions of fending the Pro- 

* pofitions to the King on Tuefday next ; and we 
' are ready to endeavour to clear thofe Things 
c wherein your Lordmips {hewed yourfelves unfa- 

* tisfied in your faid Papers.* 

By Command of the fame Committee^ 

GUALT. FROST, Secretary. 

'the Scots Commffioners ANSWER to the foregoing. 
September 4, 1647. 

* "O Y your Lordfliip's Paper, now prefently de- 
c -D livered unto us, we perceive that the Honou- 
' rable Houfes do adhere to the Refolution of 

* fending the Proportions on Tuefday to his Ma- 

* jefty, and that your Lordfhips are ready to clear 
' thofe Things wherein we (hewed ourfelves un- 

* fatisfied. Your Lordfliips, in your former Paper, 

* told us, that the Propofitions are the fame pre- 
fented formerly to his Majefty at Newcajile, ex- 

* cept in fome few Particulars concerning your 

* own Delinquents and the Bifhops Lands : As 

* to the firft, although we do not at all meddle 
' with the lefiening of the Compofitions or Fines 

* of your Delinquents, or fhall not oppofe any 

* Favour of that Kind which the Houfes fhall (hew 

* to them, yet becaufe the Orders and Ordi- 

* nances which this Provifo relate to, are pafled 

* fince the Propofitions were prefented to his Ma- 

* jefty by both Kingdoms j and may, for ought 

286 *fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2-5 Car I. * we know, not be agreeable to the Proportion* 

1647. < as t h e y W ere then agreed on by the two King- 

Se tember ' ^ oms > we defire therefore to fee thefe Orders and 

* Ordinances of one or both Houfes as alfo the 

* two Ordinances for aboliming Archbimops and 
' Bifhops, &c. and the Sale of their Lands. 

4 This was the Courfe formerly obferved, and 
' we are confident will be now thought moft rea- 

* fonable. We {hall fjiun every Thing which may 
be a Delay to the fettling of an happy Peace, 

* which we have been, and (hail ever be ready to 
' promote ; but we muft yet again reprefent to the 

* Houfes the extreme Shortnefs of the Time, which 

* was appointed without our Knowledge or Con- 
' fent ; although, as we faid before, we have at- 
' tended here many Months without hearing any 
' Thing of thefe Proportions. 

' We do not find the firft Part of our laft Paper 
' anfwered ; and therefore again, according to the 
' Commands we received from Scotland, we ear- 

* neftly entreat the Honourable Houfes to return an 
' Anfwer to the Letter of the Committee of the 

* Eftates of the Kingdom of Scotland, bearing Date 

* the 2 ift of Auguft, as we have formerly deiired. 

By Command of the CommiJJioners for the Parlia- 
mento f Scotland, JOHN DOWN. 

Die Saturni, 4/0 Septembrij, 1647. 

Jit a Committee of the Members of both Houfes that 
are of the Committee of both Kingdoms. 

* \\1 E have coniidered your Lordfhip's Paper 

* VV now delivered unto us ; and as to the 
c Part thereof that concerns the Earl of Lauder- 

* dale j we can give no other Anfwer than what the 

* Houfes have given ; and to that concerning the 
e Orders and Ordinances which the Provifo re- 
lates unto, thev are only for admitting fuch De* 

* linquents to Compoiition as had not come in 
' within the Time limited by the Proportions for- 
' merly fent to the King, and for fettling the 

* Rates of their Compofition, and the Time in 

6 which 

of E N G L A N D. 287 

which they {hould come in ; which yet, for your An - *3 ! 
better Satisfaction, we ihall endeavour to pro- . '** 7 ' , 
cure you the Sight of very fpeedily ; as alfo the September. 
Ordinance concerning the Bifliops and their 
Lands ; and we do defire your Lordfhip's Coiv- 
currence in the Delivery of the Proportions to 
his Majefty on Tuefday next, which is the Time 
refolved on by both Houfes. 

By Command of the fame Committee, 

GUALT. FROST, Secretary. 

Upon reading thefe Papers, the Lords refolved 
that they approved of the Papers of the 4th of Sep- 
tember, delivered by the Members of both Houfes 
of the Committee of both Kingdoms then pre- 
fent, unto the Commiflioners of the Kingdom of 
Scotland, and of the delivering of the fame unto 
them ; and that the Concurrence of the Houfe of 
Commons be defired therein. 

Next a Meflage was brought from the Houfe of 
Commons by Sir John Evelyn, defiring the Lords 
Concurrence in certain Particulars : The firft of 
thefe were 

INSTRUCTIONS for Philip Earl of Pembroke and 
Montgomery, Bafil Earl of Denbigh, Edward 
Lord Montague, Sir John Holland, Bart. Sir 
Walter Erie, Sir John Cook, and Sir James 
Harrington, Knights, John Crew and Richard 
Browne, Efquires, or any three or more of them 9 
appointed Committees of both Houfes of the Par- 
liament of England, to join with the Commif- 
Jioners of the Kingdom of Scotland, to prefent Pro- 
pojitions to the King's Majejly for a fafe and 
tu ell- grounded Peace, and to receive his Majejly's 
Anfwer thereupon. Inftruaion* for 

the Commiffion- 

I. ' \^ O U, or any three or more of you, fhall of both 
* JL prefent to the King at Hampton-Court, or^ttt'eEV 

* elfewhere that the King's Refidence ihall be, on King therewith. 


288 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a 3 Car. I. < Tuefday, being the yth Day of this Inftant &/U 

t *^ 7 ' __t * tember, froln the Lords and Commons.afTembled 

September. ' m tne Parliament of England, the .Propofitions 

* herewith fent unto you for a fafe and well- 
' grounded Peace. 

II. ' You, or any three or more of you, arc 

* to defire from the King his pofttive Anfwer and 
4 Confent to the faid Propofitions. 

III. ' Any three, or more of you, are to repair 
c to the Parliament at Wejlminjler with all Speed 

* and Diligence, as foon as you, or any three or 

* more of you, fhall have received the faid Anfwer 

* from his Majefty ; in Expectation of the faid 

* Anfwer you are not to make Stay above the Space 

* of fix Days next after you fhall receive thefe In- 

* ftructions : 

IV. * But the faid Time of fix Days being ex- 

* pired, any three of you are forthwith, without 

* any Delay, to repair to the Parliament of Eng- 

* land, to give them an Account of your Proceed- 

* ings. 

V. ' And in cafe the Scots Commiflioners be not 

* prefent at Hampton-Court, or at fuch Place where 

* the King's Refidence fhall be, on Tuefday the 

* faid yth of this Inftant September, to join with 

* you when you fhall prefent the faid Propofitions 
4 to his Majefty ; then you, or any three or more 

* of you, are to prefent the faid Propofitions to 

* his Majefty alone, and to receive his Majefty *s 

* Anfwer thereunto according to the preceding In- 

* ftruclions.' 

The fecond Particular of the Meflage fent by 
Sir John Evelyn, was an Order that the Members of 
both Houfes, who are of the Committee of both 
Kingdoms, do meet this Afternoon, and fend to 
the Scots Commiffioners to defire them to meet and 
give them their pofitive Anfwer concerning their 
joining to prefent the Propofitions to his Majesty 
on Ttofday the yth of this prefent September, the 
Houfes not intending thereby any way to prevent 

of E N G L A N D. 289 

or delay the prefenting the faid Proportions, To- Am 23 Car.i. 

morrow, to his Majeity. . ,_ l6 ^ 7 ' , 

The Anfwer returned by the Lords was, That September . 
their Houfe agreed both to this Order and to the 
foregoing Inftru&ions. 

The Lord Vifcount Say and Sele reported* from 
the Committee of both Kingdoms* two Papers de- 
livered to them, by the Scots Commifiioners, which 
were read* 

September 6, 164?. 

haVe received the two Ordinances, More Papers and 
touching the abolishing of Archbiiliops};;^^^ 

* and Bilhops within the Kingdom of England and mittees of Par- 

* his Majefty. We have alfo received twelve Or- 

* ders and Ordinances ; if the Provifo relate to any 

* more, we defire likewife to fee them, for to thofe 
' we have no Exception ; and alfo we defire to 
' fee the Form of the Pardon agreed on by both 
'Houfes, and exprefted in the faid Provifo, that 

* there be nothing in it contrary to any former 

* Proportions. 

' As to the reft of your Lordfhip's laft Paper of 

* the 4th of September, we (hall fay no more than 

* what is faid in ours of the fame Date : which, 

* together with this, we defire may be reported to 

* both Houfes of Parliament ; and we are confident 

* the Honourable Houfes will not infift fo peremp- 

* torily on fo fliort a Day. 

* By a Letter from the Committee of Eftatcs of 

* the Parliament of Scotland, come to our Hands 

* this Day, they het us know that they have re- 

* ceived the Copy of that Letter from Sir Thomas* 
"* Fairfax, fent to us by the Honourable Houfes, 

* and by us tranfinitted to thein ; and that they 

* expec~t a more fetisfactory Anfwer from the 

* Houfes, which they commanded us again to 
VOL. XVI. T * defire. 

290 be Parlttimtntary HIST 

. 13 Car. I. c defire, and to haftcn the fame to them with nil 
'**? c Speed. 

Command of tie Commijjiwen for Us Parlia? ^ 
tnent of Scotland, 


Another Paper from the Scots Commifli,oncr$. ' 

September 6, 164". 

WE are commanded by the Parliament of 
Scotland to delete, out of the firft Excep- 
tion, all fqch of the Scots Nation as are taken orr 
by the Parliament of ihat Kingdom ; particularly 
tha Eari of Tra^ualr^ v/ho is not only reconciled % 
but fits as a Member of that Parliament, capable 
of public Truft and Employment ; as alfo the t 
Earls of Nitbefdale and Forth ^ the Lords of Qgifaey 
and liham^ Irwin younger of Drum, and Sit; 
Alexander Lejley of AiuhentouL We are alfo war- 
ranted, and are willing to agree, to the taking out, 
as many of the Englijh as the Houfes of Parlia- 
ment ihall think fit. 

By Command of the CommiJJiotters for the Parlia 

mcr.t of Scotland., 


Next was read a Draught of a Letter, to be fent 
to the Lord Chancellor of Scotland, figned by the 
Speakers of both Houfes. 

My Lord, 

( ' | A HE two Houfes of the Parliament of Eng- 
J. lani have, by their Notes of the 24th of 
f Augifi, refolved and declared that this Kingdom 

* is not able to pay the Scds A. my in Ireland m* 

* longer, and that they will carry on the War 
' therewith their own Forces ; and finding it pro- 
4 vided and agreed upon by ^he I3th Article of 

* that Treaty, that, at any Time after the three 
c Months then agreed upon for the Entertainmerft 
4 of the Scots Army fiiall be expired, and that .the 

* two 

of E N G L A N.D/ 29! 

* (\Vo Houfes of Parliament, or fuch Perfons as An. 23 Car.' f, 
' fha1l be Authorized by them, (hill give Notice t >64 "' j 

* to the Council of Scot/and, or to the Lord -Chan- Se ts ^ 

* cellor there, that, after, one Alonth from fuch 
c Notice given, the two Houfes of Parliament will 

* not pay the Scots Army any longer in Ireland 

* than during the faiJ Month : The faid two 

* Houfes of Parliament, in purfuance of the D5- 

* rcclion and Agreement in the faid i3th Article 

* exprefled, have commanded us to give Notice 
4 unto your Lordlhip that, after one Month frortl 
t this Notice given, they will not pay the faid Sects 
4 Army any longer. 

' And we do further fignify unto your Lordfhip, 

* That the faid two Houfes have alfo declared-, 

* that, in Cafe any thing fhall appear to be due 
4 to that Army, over and above what they have 

* already received, they will take Care that due 
4 Satisfaction be given ; and alfo they will give 
( Order that fourteen Days Pay {hall be provided 
4 for the common Soldiers of the Suits Army, to 
4 be paid them at their Difmiffion, for the carrying 
4 of them home, acccording to the Agreement of 
4 the i ath Article of the faid Treaty. This is that 
4 at prefent which the two Houfes have command* 
4 ed fhall be given Notice of to your LordQiip 
4 by, 

My Lord, 

Your Lordfnip's 
Ajfettionatt Friends and Servants, 

Notwithftanding all the Remonftrances of the 
Scots Commiflioners, the Lords refolved to adhere 
to their former Refolutions offending to the King 
the next Day ; and that the fame be immediately 
fignified to the Scots Commiffioners by the Mem- 
bers of both Houfes that are of the Committee of 
both Kingdoms. 

A Draught of a Letter to be fent to the Com- 
mittee of Eflates of Scotland^ touching the Earl* of 
T 2 Lau- 

2 9 2 

Parliamentary H i s T o n V 

An. 23 Car. I. LauderdaU 's Bufmefs, was read and agreed to, and 
l6 47- ordered to be fent to the Houfe of Commons for 
their Concurrence. 


Sept. 7. The Lord Vifcouht Say and Sele re- 
ported a Paper from the Scots Commiflioners, which 
was read, (hewing their Concurrence in fending the 
Propofitions to the King this Day* 

September 6, 1647. 

TO the Papers, prefented by us to your 
Lordfhips, and from us to the Honourable 
Houfes, we have received this Anfwer, That 
the Lords and Commons ordain your Lordfliips 
to meet with us, and to crave our pofitive An* 
fwer concerning our joining to prefent the Pro- 
pofitions to his Majefty To-morrow the ^th of 
this Inftant ; the Houfes not intending thereby 
any Way to prevent or delay the fending the a- 
forefaid Propofitions. There were alfo read to 
us Inftructions, appointing (as we remember, for 
we got no Copy) the Commiflioners of the Houfes 
to pfefent thefe Propofitions ; and if the Com- 
miflioners of Scotland were not there that Day, 
to prefent them by theinfelves : We have always 
been ready, according to the Commands We have 
received from the Kingdom of Scotland, to pro- 
mote the Caufe wherein both Kingdoms are en- 
gaged, and more especially to concur in every 
thing that may tend to the fettling of a happy 

' We did indeed hope, according to all the for- 
mer Practices, that the Houfes would have been 
pieafed, feeing they have added a new Provifo, re- 
lating to feveral Orders and Ordinances of either 
or both Houfes, to have {hewed us thofe Pa- 
pers to which this rte\v Pfdvifo relates ; efpe- 
cially having declared, that we were not to med- 
dle with the Fines or Compofitions of the Delin- 
quents of this Kingdom but only that we might 
be fatisfied that nothing was therein contained 
not agreeable to the former Proportions i and 


of E N G L A N p f 293 

* we earneftly defire that we might not be aftri&- An. 23 Car. I. 
' ed to fo peremptory a Day, appointed without t l6 * 7 ' J 

' our Knowledge or Confent, which wzs not the s e tember 
' Courfe formerly obferved ; that we were fo 
' far from refufmg to go, pr putting the tjoufes to 
' the appojrujng their Commhfioners to prefent the ' 

* Propositions of both Kingdoms without us, that, 

* in our Paper of the third of this Inftant, we de- 

* clared that it was not our Minds, nor can it be 
' duly collected from our Papers, that the Injury 
' we complained of was reprefented to hinder the 

* fending of the Proportions ; but rather, as we 

* fignified in that Paper, we find ourfelves bound 

* to prefent them ; only we were ftraitned to ad- 

* here to that . peremptory Day: But feeing that 
' the Honourable Houfes are pleafed ftill to ad-? 

* here to that Day, without anfwering any other 
Part of our Papers, as appears by the Inftruc- 

* tions and Orders now read to us ; that we may 

* witnefs our Readinefa tq ufe all Means pof- 
fible for the obtaining a happy Peace, we {hall, 
' God willing, be at Hampton-Court To-morrow, 

* if we be not again ftopped ; and {hall concur in 
' prefenting the Proportions to his Majefty, as 

* they were agreed on by both Kingdoms, with 

* the Addition of the Ordinance for the abolUhing 
Archbifhops, Bifhops, &fc. and felling of their 

By Command of the ConvnJJJioners for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, 


This Day the Commons ordered, that the Eleven 
Members, impeached by the Army, {hould each of 
them appear to nnfwer fuch Things as fliould be 
objected againft them, at or before the i6th of Oc- 
tober next. Accordingly the next Day, 

Sept. 8, John Glynne^ Efq ; Recorder of London* 

and Sir John Maynard, appeared in the Houfe of 

Commons, when the Speaker informed them, 

That there had been a Report made, in which 

T 3 were 

294 7fo Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3; Car. i. w; re fomc Things that highly concerned them. 
. _ , This being read, Mr. G/ynne inftantly gave a ge r 

September, neral Anfwer to many of the Matters objected a- 
gainft him, and a particular one to others. After 
which, the Queflion being put, Whether John 
jobn &y* Ef( l 5 Recorder of London, be difcharg'd from 
Maynafc and Mr. being a Member of this Houfe ? it parted in the 
Clynne, wo of Affirmative, 58 againft 52, and he was discharged 
Steffi? 1 '* accordingly. Sir John Maynard refufed to an- 
fwer to any of the Informations that were read 
againft him, but prayed that he might have Coun- 
iel affigned him, and withdrew. On which it was 
refolvedy without Divifion, ' That Sir John May- 
rard be expelled the Houfe and committed Prifoner 
to the Tower.' Refolved alfo, ' That an Impeach- 
ment of High Treafon be prepared and brought in 
againft him. 

The fame Day the Commons fent a Meffage to 
the Lords to defire them to fit a while, for they had 
a Bufmefs of Importance to communicate to them. 
And foon after came Sir John Eveyln, with other 
Members, who delivered the Bufmefs * : The Report 
of it was poftponed to the next Day, and all the 
Lords ordered to attend the Houfe. 

But notwithftanding that Order, we do not find 
that the Lords went upon the Report ; for Sept. 9, 
the moft material Thing done was reading the fol- 
lowing Letter from the Scots Commiffioners, and 
djawing up an Anfwer to it; which, though read 
and agreed to on a different Day, we put together 
for the Sake of Connection. 

To the Right Honourable the SPEAKER of the Houfe 
of PEERS pro Tempore, 

Hampttm-Courty Sept. 8, 1647. 
Right Honourable, 

* \\T E' have many Times preffed an Anfwer 
^fbel^Tth^ W to the Letter of the Committee of E- 
parliament and ' ftates of the Kingdom of Scotland, bearing D<ite 
the Scats cam- c . t ] ie 21 ft Q dugujl : This Day another Exprefs 

Wbitfaki, 271. See alfo in thii Volume, Sept, 17. 03. 14. 

*v. 29. 

-3f E NG-L A N D. 295 

f js come to us^ requiring us again to call for an An - *3 c * f ' * 
Anfwer to that Letter. Trny lay they are to fend t l6 * 7 ' , 
fome more of their Number into this Kingdom September. 
for the public Affairs., but when they<x>nfider what 
Entertainment fome already employed by them 
have lately received, they are the more earneft to 
have fufficient Security for thofe that {hall have 
their Warrant hereafter; in Obedience, therefore, 
to their Commands, we do moft earneftly entreat 
an Anfwer to that Letter of the 2ift of Augujl y 
and reft 

Your Lord/kip's bumble Servants, 



*The Parliament's ANSWER to the LETTER of the 
States of Scotland, of the lift a/'Auguft, concern- 
ing the Earl of Lauderdale. 

fler^ Sept. 14, 1647. 
Right Honourable 

* \J(7 E have received your Lordfliips Letter of 

* ** tne 2I fl. O f dugujl laft, taking Notice of 

* fome Violence offered to the Earl of Lauderdale 

* by fome Soldiers in the Army of Sir Thomas 
' Fairfax : and although your Commiffioners have 

* been informed that the General knew nothing 
' thereof, and hath difavowed the fame ; yet we 

* have put it into a Way of further Examination, 

* that we might have full Satisfaction of the Mat- 
ter of Fact; of the Truth whereof, when we 

* are informed, we ftiall give you Notice ; and 

* as we have formerly, upon divers Occafions, paf- 
' fed by Matter of OjFcnce given us, that no Mif- 
' underftanding might grow thereupon ; fo we 

* ftiall not approve or maintain any unfit or unjufti- 

* fiable Deportment 'of any towards your Commif- 
e fioners, or any employed from that Kingdom ; 
^ but, upon Knowledge of the Matter of Fact and 
Perfons offending-, vi'e fhall do- that which is jult, 
6 to give the Kingdom of Scotland Satisfaction in it, 

T And 

^he Parliamentary His TORT 

I * And as to the Security defi red under the HaatJs 

of the Speakers of both Houfes, and from Sir 

Se tember ' Thomas Fairfax and his Council of War, for 
' fuch as you {hall employ, or thatfhall have Pafies 
' from you to have Accefc to his Majefty and the 
Parlbn ent, :he Houfes do declare, That none 
' fhall be debarred from having Accefs to his Ma-r 
' jefty who have Warrant from the Parliament of 
' Scotland^ cr from the Committee thereunto au- 

* thrived, except fuch as are difabkd by the Pro- 

* poii. ions agreed upon by both Kingdoms: Bat 
' as to iuch Afiurance from Sir 'Thomas Fairfax 

* and his Council of War, it hath been formerly 

* refufed to the King, when he defirtd the like 
' from the Generals of the Army of either Nations ^ 
' and your Commiflioners, then here prefent, 

* joined with the Houfes in that Anfwer to his 
' Majefty. 

For the Matter of Trade ; we do not find in 

* your Letters any Mention of any particular In- 
' terruption of Trade, nor do we know of any ; 
' but when any fuch do appear unto us we will do 
' that which to Juftice ftiall appertain, and {hall 
' be ever ready to do all Things that may preferve 

* a good Underftandingand Correfpondence between 
' the two Kingdoms. This is that which the Hou- 

* fes have commanded (hould be reprefented to your 
Lordfhips, and we reft 

Tour Lord/hip's humble Servants, 


Speaker of tbe Houfe of 
Peers pro Tempore. 


Speaker of the Commons, 
Houfe of Parliament 

Both Houfes adjourned to 

Scft. 14, When the Earl of Pembroke reported 
to the Lords that, according to the Commands of 


cf E N G LA N D. 297 

feoth Houfes, he had delivered the Propofitions for An, 23 cr. I. 
a fafe and well-grounded Peace to his Majefty, and t l6 +7- 
had brought the King's Anfwer to them ; and his September. 
Lordfhip prefented a Paper, containing a Difcourfe 
between the King and the Commiffioners, both 
which were read as follows : 

* A FTER we had prefented, and defired the A Report pf 

\ King's pofitive Anfwer and Confent to the what parted at 
Propofitions, the King afked, Whether thefe Pro- ^^^ 

* pofitions were the fame which were formerly pre- the ?ropofition 
lented to him at Newcafle? The Earl of Pwz- j peaceto 

* broke told him, That thefe were the fame Propo- '* 6 * 

* fitions, only that there was an Addition for the 
' Sale of Bishops Lands, and fome Alterations 

* touching Delinquents. The King then afked, 

* Whether the" Commiffioners of Scotland did agree 

* to t hofe Propofitions as they were now prefented ? 
' The Earl of Lauderdalc anfwered, That thofe 
' Propofitions were the fame that were formerly a- 
' greed on by both Kingdoms ; there was only an 
' Addition for an Ordinance to be parted for the a- 

* boliihing of Archbifhops and Bimops, and Sale of 

* their Lands,which, by their Inflru&ions, theywere 
' warranted to agree to ; and that they were like- 
' wife commanded to expunge fuch Delinquents of 

* the Scots Nation as the Parliament of Scotland 

* had taken off; particularly fome Perfons, whofe 

* Names had been given in to both Houfes. He faid 
' likewife, He found a Provifo added ; but that 
' they had that Day received a Declaration from 

* both Houfes, by which it was declared, That 

* there was nothing therein contained difagreeable 
' to the former* Propofitions, faving only in the Mat- 

* ter of Fines and Compofitions of Delinquents, 

* Upon which his Lordfhip faid, They did concur 
' in prefcnting thofe Propofitions. The King 

* then replied, That he was fomewhat furprized 
'. with them, not looking now for them ; but he 

* would give, an Anfwer to them as 4bon as he 
' could, 


Parliamentary H'j s T o R Y 
c Upon T/jurfd.vy about Ten of the Clock, hfe 
Maie'ty fent us Word, that he would be ready 
togiv:e kis Anfwer to the Proportions about Four 
o'CiocU, in the Afternoon, and commanded us 
then to attend him, which we did accordingly ; 
when his Majefty told us, That if this were a 
Time for Complaint, he might well complain that 
he had font many Meflages to the Houfes, to which 
he had received no Anfwer at all : But it now 
being a Time, faid he, for every one to endea- 
vour to do all the Good he can ; therefore he 
had, in as ftiort a Time as he could, prepared 
his Anlwer to the Propofitions ; which, he took 
God to Witnefs, was fuch as, in his Opinion, 
led to the beft Way for fettling of an happy and 
fpeedy Peace in thefe Nations : If it were not fo 
in every Man's Opinion, his Majefty wi(hed we 
might all be charitable to one another ; and fo de- 
livered the Anfwer to us ; which, after we had 
read amongft ourfelves, the Earl of Pembroke^ 
with the reft of the Commiffioners, repairing to 
the King, defired his Majefty's pofitive Anfwer 
and Confent to the Propofitions : To which 
the King replied, That what he had delivered 
to us was his Anfwer ; and that he could gire 
no other, which he conceived was a pofitire 

Hampton-Court, Sept. 9, 1647. 

His Majefty's TLf 
Anfwer to them. ^ ^ 


Majefty cannot ckufe but be paflienately fen- 
Jible, as he believes all bis good Subjefis are t of 
the late great Diftraflions, and jlill languishing and 
unfettled State of this Kingdo?n ; and he tails God 
to jyitnefs^ and is willing to give TeJIimony to all the 
World) of his Readinefs to contribute his utmojl En- 
deavours for reftoring it to a happy and flourijhing 

His Majefty having peruftct-the Proportions nSW 
brought to him, finds them tkt fame, in effefly which 


of E N G L A N D. 

-^ red to bun at Newcaftle : To fame of ivliJ} An. 23 Car.. I. 
f; r t.'i c.-iuld not then confeni, iv:thaut friaLiiiiin of bis 
C-onftisnct' and Honour, ft neither can he agree ta 
cfbe-'snow; conceiving tbeni, in many Refpefls, mor^ 
)'' ' 'a^rcf-ahU to the prefent Condition of Affairs than 
i(;ben th^y were formerly prcfented unto him, as be 
ing dejlrufiive to the maiy principal Interejls of the 
Army, and of all thofe whofe Ajfcttions concur ivith 
them. And bis Alajejiy having feen the Propofals of 


Army to the Ctmmijjioners from bis two 
refilling with them, and with them to be treated on y 
in order to tbe clearing and f. cur ing of tbe Rights 
'and Liberties of the Kingdom, and the fettling of a 
jujl and la/ling Peace: To which Propofah^ as be 
conceives his two Houfes not to be Strangers^ fa he 
believes they will think with him? that they much 
more conduce to' the Satisfaction of all Inter efts ^ and 
tnay be a Jitter Foundation for a lajling Peace ^ than 
tbe Proportions which at this Time are tendered unto 

He therefore propounds, as the bc/l Way in his 
'Judgment, in order to a Peace, that his two Houfes 
would injlantly take into Confederation tbofe Propofah 
upon which there may be a Perfonal Treaty with his 
Majejly and uponfuch other Proportions as his Majefty 
foall make ; hoping that the faid Proportions may be 
fo moderated in the faid Treaty as to render them the 
more capable of his McijeJJys full ConceJJion ; wherein 
he rcfohes to give full Satisfaction to his People for 
. whatsoever foall concern the fettling of the Protrftant 
Profejffion, with Liberty to tender Confcicnces, and the 
fecuring of the Laws, Liberties, and Properties of all 
his Subjects, and the juft Privileges of Parliaments 
. for the future : And likewife by his prefint Deport- 
ment in this Treaty, he will make the World clearly 
. judge of his Intentions in Matters of future Govern- 
ment : In which Treaty Ins Majefty will be well plea- 
fed, If it be thought fit, that Cotnmiflioners from the 
Army (whofe the Propofals are} may likewife be ad- 

His Jl'fajefly therefore conjures ' his two Houfes 
of Parliament^ by the Duty tbey owe to God and his 


3 V&* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zj Car. J. Majejly their King, and by the Boweh of Companion 

^ l64 ^* . they have to their Fellow-Subjefls, both for the Relief 

September, rf their prefent Sufferings, and to prevent future Mife- 

riesy that they will forthwith accept of this his Majejly s 

Offer, whereby the joyful News of Peace may be re- 

fared to this dijlrejjed Kingdom. 

And for what concerns the Kingdom of Scotland, 
mentioned in the I^ropoJitionSy his Majejly will very 
willingly treat upon thefe Particulars with the Scots 
CommiJJioners, and doubts not but to give reasonable 
Satisfaction to that his Kingdom. 

Sept. 17. We yet meet with no Notice taken of 
Sir John Evelyn's MefTage, delivered to the Lords on 
thr 8th Inftant, except that, on this Day, another 
Meflage from the Commons is entered, defiring the 
Lords to appoint a Time when the Houfe of Com- 
mons might bring their Proofs and Evidences againft 
feven Lords, Members of that Houfe, impeached 
by them of High Treafon ; but nothing more is 
added at this Time. 

Sept. 21. A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax was 
read, addrefled to the Speaker of the Houfe ef 

My Lord, Putney, Sept* 20, 1647. 

SirThomasFair- ' I Have inclofed fome printed Pamphlets, which 

fax's Letter, de- c 1 are not only very fcandalous and abufive to 

firing a Reftraint < this Army in particular, but indeed to the whole 

' rcis ' Kingdom in general : My Dcfire is that thefei 

4 and all of the like Nature, may be fupprefled for 

' the future ; and yet (that the Kingdom's Expec- 

' tation may be fatisfied in relation to Intelligence, 

* till a firm Peace be fettled, confidering the 

* Mifchiefs that will happen by the poifonous 
/* Writings of evil Men fent abroad daily, to abufc 

* and deceive the People) that, if the Houfe fhall 

* fee it fit, fomc two or three Sheets may be pcr- 

* mitted to come forth weekly, which may be 
' liccnfcd, and have fome Stamp of Authority 

* with them : And in rcfpt;l the former Licenfer, 


^ENGLAND. 301 

* Mr. Mabbot, hath approved himfelf faithful m* ' *3 Car. I, 
' that Service of Licenfmg, and likewife in the Ser- c ' f 

* vice of the Hpufes and of this Army, I humbly Scftemfcer. 
4 defire that he may be reftored and continued in 

* the fame Place of Licenfer.' 

Tour Lord/kip's humble Servant^ 


Purfuant to this Letter an Ordinance was or- 
jered to be drawn up for reflraining the Liberty 
of the Prefs, which we (hall meet with in the 

Sept. 22. The Parliament had another great 
Alarm given them on the Side of Ireland ; they had 
Intelligence fent them that the Lord Incbiquin, their 
General, and Col. Jones, who had gained the laft 
Victory over the Rebels, had a Defign to join with 
the Scots Army there ; and, altogether to declare 
For the King, Parliament, and Covenant, and refift 
the Englijb Army. The whole of this Affair was 
communicated to the Lords, this Day, in the fol- 
lowing intercepted Letters, which we give from 
'their Journals. And firft, 

A LETTER from Major-General Stirling / the 
Lord Warrifton, at Edinburgh. 

My tord. Corky Auguft 31, 164.7.. 

* O Ince I faw you laft, I might fay much for the 
3 (hort Time .vhich I have been very much 

* troubled j but yet, whatfoever Time I could Paper 

' fpend in the public Service, according to the to bebni 
11 Covenant, ! fhould not 'think that Time trou- 

* blefome to me. If I fhould write every Paflage 

* of the faid Time, I muft be mighty troublefome 
'* to you ; I therefore, as the main Thing, muft of 
"* Necefliry let you know what has been a&ed a- 

* tuong us, for the Public, here in this Army : All 
1 Of us now are in one entire Mind, and willing 

* to 

30?, ?' LSI' <: filamentary HISTORY 

r. I. ' tv Ctrwe > he Public according to the National Co- 

J(t r7- ' vet) 'i^t ; vhi^li.ali of us have entirely tied our- 

Septtmbcr ' felvss to, by, a new Oath, that we {hall, with tht 

:ur Lives and Fortunes, maintain 

* the Covenant of the two Nations $ as we have 
' fet forth in a Declaration and Protection to the 
' Parliament of England^ the Copy whereof I have 
' fent, with a Letter to the General, to be made 
' known to the States of Scotland^ defiring to hear 

* from his Excellency his Advice, which we (halt 

* not fail to obferve according to our beft Endea- 
' vours. I am denied by our General and Coun- 

* cil of War hereto fi<rnify fo much unto the States 
' of Scotland^ being afTured of their beft Advice ; 
' and therefore, my Lord, to you, as- one of .ttem, 

* who is one of thofe I hope, who is a faithful 

* Man to the Public, and one who is well acquaint- 
' ed with both Kingdoms. 

' Upon the fame Confidence and Knowledge of 
' you, I was commanded to let you know of * * *, 
' and todefire you to confer with the General here- 

* in, who has the public Letter from us altogether, 

* figned only by me, I being beft known to Scot- 

* land\ to that End I have fent this Bearer, my 
Servant, fo bring me the General's Advice and 
' Anfwer upon it, with yours ; which I humbly 

* defire may be difpatched with all the Hafte that 

* may be. 

I have'writ to this EfFecT: to *** at Dublin, and. 
c to MonrOy who, I humbly defire, may know your 
' Mind herein, that I may hear from him, I fhall 
. . ' not doubt of your Anfwer fuddenly, that I may 

' communicate it to thofe who have intruded me 
' with fo great a Meflage; and fhall be very faith- 

* ful in communicating the fame according to your 

* Directions. 

' My Lord, I pray prefent my humbleft Service 

* to the Marquis of Argyle^ to the Chancellor the 
4 Earl of Loudon t and to my worthy Friend the 

* Lord Humby. 

* My Lord, I have much more to fay, but the 

reft I leave to the Bearer', who will inform your 

5 < Lord- 

cf ENGLAND. 303; 

'-Lordmip as near as he can. I could have no An - 2 3 c. 

* truftier Meflenger. .With my Refpecls to you, t V' 7 ' , 

* I humbly take Leave, and reft September 

Your Lorclfcip's humlle Servant , 


Another Letter from Major-General Stirling, ad- 
d re fled to Major-General Monro. 

Honoured Sir, Cork, . Augvji, 30, 1647. 

TP HIS Bearer,. 'my Ssrvan-t* I have fent to 

* JL Scotland with 'a Letter to the General, to 

* fignify unto him that all the Officers in-this Army 
' have, declared them^lves for the King and Parlia- 

* liament, according to the National Covenant, in a 

* Remonftrance to the Parliament of England,' Aht 
1 Copy whereof you have here inclofed ; which, we 

* all of us in this Army have figned, and are refoh'- 
' maintain with the Hazard of. our Lives and 

* Fortunes, againft all Sectaries or any new mo- 
' delled Parliament of fuch. The Ground of our 

* Declaration is upon good Intelligence that' Sir 

* Thomas Fairfax, a Fox indeed, is march'd to Lon- 
' don; and there with his Sectary Army, had pofleff- 
' ed himfelf and them in the Town and Forts tkere- 

* of; and therefore I am deflred to let you know fo 

* much by our Council of War defmng you would 

* be pleafed to let me know by your Letter, fo near 

* as you may, how you mind to fteer your Courfe 
' fince we are fo refolved to be your faithful Friends, 

* which I mail faithfully communicate, unto them 
' according to Direction. 

I humbly intreat your Honour would be pleafed 

* to difpatch this Bearer away for Scotland, for the 
' Ship is to ftay till he return to you again. This 
' alfo I have made known unto Sir Patrick * * *^ 

* td fignify fo much to Col. Jones and his Army, if 
< he finds them to be that Way inclined. 

' Sir, I fhould defire, when any Occafion offers, 

* tor hear from you, that we may be the more fer-r , 

* viceable to the good Caufe we have in Hand. 

* Sir, 

304 *Tbe Pdrllahientary HISTORY 

AD. n"' ! e Sir, I muft not forget to tell you, that we have 

^ ._'*.7' _, ' bfeen moft Part in the Field this Summer, and have 

September. ' done very good Service, and much ; the Particu- 

' lars I leave to the Bearers Relation, and with any 

* other Particulars you may truft him, as I am in- 

* formed, he is a * * * -of your own, and is a very 

* honeft Man : That is only by the way. 

' Sir, be allured that if there be any Service here, 

* wherein I may be ferviceable, cither to Scotland of 

* yourfelf, there {hall none be more ready and wil- 

* ling than he who is 


Moji affeflionate and humble Servant, 


The Remonftrance of the Officers in the Irijh 
Army, mentioned in the foregoing Letter. 

An HUMBLE REMONSTRANCE to the High and Hon- 
ourable Court of Parliament from the Officers and 
Soldiers of the Army in Munfter, 


* "TP HAT we having received late Advertife- 
' JL ment out of England of great Diftracliona 

* and Diftempers ; and fundry of us having the 

* former Experience that, during the Lord Lieu- 

* tenant's Abode here, divers Perfons in Places of 

* Truft and Confidence were, under Pretence of 

* new moddelling the Army, turned difgracefully 
' out of their Places and Employments ; fome ruin- 

* ed in their Fortunes, and others profecuted for 
' their Lives, notwithftanding the apparent Service 
' performed by them, in Prefervation of the State's 

* Intereft here, with the Hazard of their Lives and 

* Lofs of their Eftates^ which they facrificed to that 
' End ; and that for no other Reafon than becaufe 

* they fought to maintain the Intereft of the Au- 
' thority of the Parliament of England, according 

* to their Ordinances and the National Covenant? 

4 ' We 

of ENGLAND. 305 

We, therefore, being fadly apprehenfive how An. 23 Car. T. 

* much the Intereft of the Parliament may be pre- l6 47- 

* judiced, both in that and this Kingdom, by fuch 
' as endeavour the Innovation of Government; 
' and alfo fenfible of what is requifite to be acted 
4 by us, in order to our own Prefervation, do hold it 
4 our Duty to preferve the Authority of the Parlia- 

* ment, according as it is now eftablifhed here, 
4 until we receive AfTurance that our Submiffion to 
4 any other Power (hall be confonant to their Plea- 
4 fure, whereunto we fhall always readily fubfcrjbe; 
4 but, for the Reafons before exprefTed, we defire 
4 that, before any other Power or Government be 
4 eftabliftied over us, they will be pleafed to fecure 

* us againft the Scorn and Practice of our Adver- 

* faries ;. by whofe Means many of us will other- 

* wife undoubtedly- be expofed to Contumely and 
' unworthy Ufage j and not only the Memory of 

* our beft Services defaced, but alfo deprived of 
4 future Hope of Employment or Suftenance : And 
4 therefore we humbly defire that it may receive 
4 no fmifter Interpretation, if we expect and de- 
4 fire, in purfuance of the like Courfe held with 
4 the Army in England, that the High and Honour- 
4 able Court of Parliament would be pleafed, before 
4 they make any fuch Alteration in the Government 
4 here, firft to caufe Payment of, or Aflurance and 
4 Security to be paft for, all the Arrears due unto 
4 the Officers and Soldiers of this Army, for their 
4 prefent and paft Services, either in England, or 
4 this Kingdom ; together with fuch other Aflur- 
4 ance and Security for our Indemnity, the Prefer- 
4 vation of the Common Intereft in Ireland, as well 
4 to ourfelves, as to the reft of the opprefled and 
4 diftrefled Inhabitants of this Province ; and for 
4 the fecuring unto our Clergy the Excrcife of their 
' Function, and the Enjoyment of their Livings, 
4 according to the Ordinance of Parliament ; with 
4 a Conceffion of fuch other reafonable and mo- 

* derate Requefts and Propofals, as may be con- 
4 fiftcnt with Juftice, upon an indifferent Debate 

* of our Defires ; without which we may in nfcwife 

VOL. XVI. U 4 aecoun- 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

account ourfelves fecured againft the Practices of 
our Adverfaries, of whofe Oppreflion, Fury, and 
< Rigor fome of us have had feveral Examples. 
* And becaufe we may not leave any juft Grounds 

* for our Adverfaries toafperfe us, (which they will 
' earneftly endeavour, as we have Reafon to be- 
6 lieve by the Sight of feveral printed Pamphlets 

* fomented by them) with a Sufpicion that we in- 

* tend any other Thing than a dutiful Obedience 

* to the lawful Authority of Parliament, and a care- 

* ful and Chriftian Regard to our own juft Prefer- 
' vation, we do hereby manifeft and declare, That 
we fhall not, in the leaft Meafure, delay or re- 

* tard the vigorous Profecution of the War here 
' againft the bloody Rebels to the beft and utter- 

* moft of our Power and Ability ; but will con- 

* ftantly employ all our Endeavours to advance 
' the fame, unlefs extreme and irrefiftible Neceflity 

* reftrain us ; which we hope it will be the Piety 

* and Care of the Honourable Houfes IQ prevent 

* by feafonable Supplies 1 : Wherefore, if thefe fhall 
c be afforded unto us, we do faithfully promife, 

* by God's Bleffing, to give a good Account j and 
doubt not but to yield fuch clear Account of 
4 our Integrity and candid Intentions, as will fully 

* refute the Scandal and Calumnies of our unjuft 
c Adverfaries ; which being prefented to the High 
' and Honourable Court of Parliament, we hutn- 
' bly defire may be taken into their ferious Confi- 

* deration.' 

Whereupon the After reading all thefe Papers in the Houfe of 
Parliament order Lords, the following Votes concerning the Army 
of^^pTtTbe* and Garrifons fen t "P bv the Commons, were read 
fent over to that and agreed to, viz. 

Kingdom. Refihed, by the Lords and Commons aflembled 

in Parliament, I. That, for the prefent Relief of 
Ireland, there be five Regiments of Foot, of 1 200 
Men a-piece, drawn together. 

2. ' That four Regiments of Horfe, of 600 Men 

* a-piece, be drawn together. 

3. * That 

^ENGLAND. 307 

3. That there, be drawn together five Companies An. 13 Car. ! 
of Dragoons, of 100 Men a-piece, four of them to l6 47' ^ 
be join'd to the four Regiments of Horfe by the Se ^^ 
Commanders of thofe four Regiments ; and the 

other Company of Dragoons to be join'd to Col. 
Jones's Regiment, and commanded by him. 

4. That the Commiffioners of the Army do confer 
and debate with the General, or fuch as he (hall 
appoint, how all the Forces, defigned by thefe Votes 
for Ireland^ may be fitted and put in a Readinefs to 
be fpeedily tranfported into Ireland. 

5. ' That the Field Officers and Captains, that 
fhall command thefe Forces in Ireland in a Regi- 
mental Way, (hall be prefented to the Houfes for 
their Approbation ; and that it be referred to the 
Commiffioners of the Army to confer with the 
General, or fuch as he {hall appoint, for that Pur- 

6. That for the prefent Security of this King- 
dom, until Affairs be better fettled, and in order to 
the future Relief of Ireland, 7200 Horfe be kept 
up in England. 

7. * That, for the Purpofes aforefaid, 1000 
Dragoons be kept up in England. 

8. That, for the fame Purpofe, there be kept 
up, within this Kingdom, 18,000 Foot. 

9. ' That, for the Purpofes aforefaid, 200 Fire- 
locks be kept up within this Kingdom. 

10. ' That the whole Matter concerning the 
Settlement of the Garrifons of the Kingdom be re- 
ferred to the Confideration of the General, and the 
Commiffioners appointed to refide with the Army, 
who fhall confer and debate with him, or whom he 
fhall appoint, upon the fame j and that fuch Gen- 
tlemen of the Houfe of Commons, that defire to 
reprefent any Thing concerning the Garrifons in 
their feveral Counties, may have Notice to be there 
prefent, if they (hall think fit. 

II.' For all thefe Forces defigned for Ireland it is 
agreed there to be one Month's Pay paid them, by 
way of Advance, at the Water Side ; and, for their 
Arrears, the Proportions following, viz. 

U 2 For 

308 f&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An, *3 Car. I. * For fuch of the 2000 aforefaid, as left the 
l6 47 Army, two Months Arrears; and for the reft of 
* that Number, that were not of the Army, but have 

fmce joined to them, one Month's Arrears. 

4 For Col. Birch's Foot, one Month's Arrears to 
what they have had already. 

' For the 3000 out of Wales, Devonjhire, Ckejhire, 
Yorkjhire, and Lancashire, two months Arrears. 

' And for the Horfe and Dragoons, two Months 

* For flating the Accounts, and fettling the Cer- 
tainty of all thefe Forces, it is agreed, 

' For thofe of the Army to go for Ireland, and 
fuch of the Train as are to be reduced, that the 
Committee of the Army and Treafurers at War do 
ftate their Accounts, deducting for free Quarter of 
private Soldiers and Troopers, for which one Half 
is offered to be abated. 

For the reft, that Letters be written to the fe- 
veral Committees of the Counties under which they 
ferved, upon a Lift figned by the Colonel under 
whom they (hall now go for Ireland, to require the 
feveral Committees, with all Diligence, to ftate the 
Accounts of the Perfons mentioned in fuch Lifts, 
according to the late Inftruclions of both Houfes, 
and give Debentures. 

* For the reft of the Forces that remain in the 
Kingdom after thefe two Bodies for England and 
Ireland be compleated, that they be forthwith dif- 
banded by the repfeclive Committees of the Coun- 
ties, upon Advice with the General ; and that they 
do pay them two Months Arrears, and they to be 
repaid by the Parliament, if the (aid Counties be 
not already enabled by the Parliament thereunto.' 

Sept. 27. A MefTage was brought up from the 
LordMa^oTo? Houfe of Commons by Sir Peter Wentwortb and 
London, im- others, that he was commanded by the Knights, 
peached of High Citizens, and Burgefles of that Houfe, to impeach 
Sir John Gayer, Knt. now Lord Mayor of the 
City of London, of High Treafdn ; and he did, 
in their Names, and of all the Commons ot Eng- 

^ENGLAND. 309 

impeach Sir "John Gayer, Knt. of the fame : An. 23 Car. I. 
That the Houfe had already fecured him in the Tower v l6 *? 
of London ; and they defired their Lordfhips would September, 
appoint a fpeedy Day, and they would be ready to 
bring up their Articles, Proofs, and Evidences 
againft him. 

An Order from both Houfes was fent to the City, 
to ele& another Lord Mayor in the Room df Sir 
John Gayre. Accordingly Alderman John Warner 
was ele&ed into that Office. 

Sept. 30. This Day both Houfes pafled an Or- 
dinance againft unlicenfed and fcandalous Pam- 
phlets, and for better regulating of Printing; which, 
fmce it is not in Mr. Rujbwortb's Collections, and 
is one of the fevereft Reftraints upon the Prefs we 
have yet met with, we give the following Abftraft 
of it : 

* TP HE Lords and Commons in Parliament af- An Ordinance 
< 1 fembled, taking Notice of the many fed i- ^3 

* tious, falfe and fcandalous Pamphlets daily print- the Prefs. 

* ed and publifhed in and about London and Weft- 

* minfler, and thence difperfed into all Parts of 
( this Realm, and other Parts beyond the Seas ; to 
4 the great Abufe and Prejudice of the People, and 
' unfufferable Reproach of the Proceedings of the 
4 Parliament and their Army : For the better Sup- 

* preflion thereof, and Prevention of the like In- 
4 conveniences for the Time to come, do order and 
' ordain, 

I. * That what Perfon foever fhall make, write, 

* print, publifh, fell, or utter, any Book, Pamphlet, 

* Treacife, Ballad, Libel, or Sheet of news, what- 

* foever, or caufe fo to be done, except the fame 

* be licenfed by both or either Houfe of Parliament, 

* or by fuch Perfons as {hall be thereunto authori- ^ 
' zed by one or both Houfes of Parliament, with 

* the Name of the Author, Printer and Licenfer 
' thereunto prefixed, (hall, for every fuch Of- 

* fence, fuffer, pay, and incur the Punimment, 
' Fine, and Penalty hereafter mentioned, wz. The 

U 3 Maker, 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Maker, Writer, or Compofer, of any fuch unli- 
cenfed Book, ffr. (hall forfeit and pay 4.0 s. or be 
September. t imprifoned in the Common Goal for the County 
t or Liberty where the Offence is committed, or the 
Offender {hall be found, until he (hall pay the 
Sum, fo that the faid Imprifonment exceed not 
' forty Days. The Printer to pay 20 s. and fuffer 
' the like Imprifonment till he pay the fame, the faid 
' Imprifonment not to exceed twenty Days ; and 

* Jikewife to have his Prefs and Implements of Im - 

* printing feized and broken in Pieces. The Book- 

* feller or Stationer to forfeit and pay 10 jr. or to be 
' imprifoned in like Manner till he pay the fame, 

* the Imprifonment not exceeding teu Days : And 

* the Hawker, Pedlar, or Ballad-Singer to forfeit 
4 and lofe all his Books, Pamphlets, or printed Pa- 

* pcrs expofed to Sale ; and alfo to be whipped as a 

* common Rogue in the Liberty or Parifh where 

* the faid Offender (hall be apprehended, or the 

* Offeree committed. 

II. ' The feveral and refpe&ive Commiffioners 
' for the Militia, in London^ Middlefex^ and Sur- 
' rey, and all Mayors and other Head-Officers of 

* Corporations, and all Juftices of the Peace of 

* the feveral Counties, Cities, and Liberties in 
' England and Wales and every of them, in their 
e refpe&ive Liberties and Jurifdidlions, are hereby 
' authorized and required to put this Ordinance in 
' Execution ; and all Conftables, Headboroughs, 

* and other Officers, are hereby authorized and 
c required to put this Ordinance in Execution ; 
and, together with fuch Affiftance as they (hall 
4 call unto them, to enter into any Shop or Houfe 
' where they fhall be informed, or have good 
' Caufe to fufpeft, any fuch unlicenfed Pamphlets 
1 or Papers are printed or fold, and to feize the 
c fame, and likewife all Preffes and Implements of 

* Printing, and to bring them, together with the Of- 
e fenders, before the fcid Commiffioners, Mayors, 
' &c. or any one of them ; fo that the Fines, 

* Pain-;, and Penalties before-mentioned may be 


* inflicted upon the Offenders, according to the In- An 

4 tent and Meaning of this Ordinance. 

III. ' The View of any one Juftice of the Peace, 
e Head-Officer or Commiffioner aforefaid, or the 
' Oath of one credible Witnefs, (which Oath, in 
' fuch Cafe, they are hereby authorized to admini- 
' fter, fhall be a fufficient Convi&ion of anyOffender 
' in the Cafes before recited ; and the fame Juftices 

5 of the Peac, Mayors, fcf/r. have hereby Authority 
' to difpofe of one Moiety of the Fines paid by 
Virtue of this Ordinance, to the Collectors of the 
e Poor for the Liberty or Parifli where the Offence 
' is committed, and the other Moiety to the Perfon 
' who fhall difcover and profecute the faid Offen- 
' <ers. 

IV. e All Perfons adYing any thing by virtue of 
' this Ordinance (hall be indemnified by Authority 

* of both Houfes of Parliament. 

* Provided always, That the Penalties in this Or- 

* dinance exprefled, (hall not extend to acquit any 
4 Perfon that {hall make, write, print, publifli, or 

* fell, or caufe to be fo done, any Books, &c. that 

* {hall contain any feditious, treafonable, or blafphe- 

* mous Matter } but the Offenders in that Kind 
' (hall be liable to fuch further Penalties as, by the 
' Laws of this Land, are provided, or by Authority 

* of Parliament {hall be adjudged, according to the 
< Penalty of fuch Offences.' 

In purfuance of this Ordinance Mr. Gilbert 
Mabbot was appointed Licenfer of the Prefs, upon, 
the Recommendation of Sir 'Thomas Fairfax^ in his 
Letter of the 2oth of this Month. 

The Commons fent up a Vote they had made, Thc Parliament 
That the Parliament ftiould, once again, make Ap- refbive to make 
plication to the King for thofe Things which the anotherA PP lic - 
Houfes judge neceflary for the Welfare and Safety tioatothcKin ^ 
of the Kingdom. Agreed to by the Lords. 

But this Vote was firft ftrongly debated in the 

Houfe of Commons ; though, upon the Queftion it 

was carried by a large Majority of 70 againft 2.3. - 

U 4 QRober 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

Oftoler i. Purfuant to this Vote, an Order was 
made to acquaint the Scats Commiflioners with it ; 

' and that, in order to perfect it, both Houfes had 
taken into Confideration what Things to propound 
and infift upon for the Intereft of the Kingdom of 
England, which they hoped to have finifhed in 

. twenty Days ; and that then the Houfe would im- 
part the Particulars of them to thofe Commiflion- 
ers. In like Manner the Parliament would join 
with the Scots in infifting on the fame Things for 
the good of their Kingdom, which were in the 
laft Proportions, unlefs the Eftates there had 
agreed, or fhall agree, to any Alterations. And 
if any fuch be made, the Houfes defured to hear of 
them within the Time limited, that no more 
Time may be loft in fending of them all together to 
the King. 

Both Houfes were now bufy for fome Days, in 
preparing their new Propofitions for the King, and 
feveral Articles of them were debated and agreed 
to; the Confequences whereof will be fhewn in 
the Sequel. 

And pafs an Or- The Parliament alfo, at this Time, pafled an Or- 
rvn"" agamft dinance for difabling Delinquents from bearing any 
Office, or having any Voice or Vote in the Election 
of any Mayor, Recorder, Sheriff's, Aldermen, &t. 
in any City, Borough, or Town Corporate, Uni- 
verfities, or other Place in the Kingdom of England 
or Dominion of Wales. 

Off. 7. A Letter from the Committee of the 
Eftates of Scotland was read, and ordered to be fent 
down to the Houfe of Commons, in hesc Ferba : 

for the Right Honourable the LORDS and COMMONS 
in the Parliament^ of England, ajfimbled at Weft- 
mi nfter. 
The Scot, Com- Edinburgh, Sept. 27, 1647. 

mifiioners agree Right 


Ireland. ' JL taining your Refolutions for Difcharge of 


of E N G L A N D. 313 

* the Scots Army in Ireland, upon the I2th and An. a 3 Car. I. 
; ' 1 3th Articles of the Treaty made in that Be- t * 6 *?' t 

4 half, being prefented to his Majefty's Privy- oftober. 
' Council of this Kingdom, and by them commu- 
' nicated to us, to whom the Care and Difpofal of 
4 that Army is intrufted by the Parliament of this 

* Kingdom, according to our Commiffion of the 

* igth Day of March laft; and we having taken 
4 the fame into Confideration, are moft willing that 
4 the Treaty mentioned therein, concerning the 
4 Scots Army in Ireland, and which was aflented 

* to by both Houfes upon the yth of Augujl, 1642, 

* be punctually obferved in all the Articles thereof; 

* which being equally obliging to reciprocal Per- 
4 formances, we do declare, in the Name of this 
4 Kingdom, that .the Kingdom of England, ma- 
4 king good what by Articles of the Treaty, efpe- 
4 cially the 6th and nth, their publick Faith 
4 is engaged for, viz. That Payment (hall be made 
4 to the Kingdom of Scotland, and their Army, of 
4 all Dues that (hall arife upon that Treaty ; and 
4 that when the Scots Army, employed in the Ser- 

. * vice of Ireland, fhall be difcharged, they fhall be 
4 difbanded by Regiments, and no leflfer Proper - 
4 tions, and fo many of them paid off as fhall be 
4 difbanded, and the Refidue kept in Pay untill 
4 they (hall be difbanded ; and that the Scots Ar- 
4 my (hall be entertained by the Englljb for three 
4 Months from "June 20, 1642, and fo long 
4 after till they be difcharged ; and that they 
4 fhall have one Month's Pay advanced when 
4 they are firft muftered in Ireland, and there- 

* after fhall be paid from Month to Month ; 
4 and that there fhall be a Mufter-Mafter, appoint- 
4 ed by the Englijh Mufter-Mafter-General, to 
4 make frri& and frequent Mufter of the Scots Ar- 
4 my ; and that what Companies of Men fhall be 
4 fent out of Scotland, within the Compafs of 
4 10,000 Men, fhall be paid upon their Mufters 
4 in Ireland, though they make not compleat Re- 
4 giments ; and the common Soldiers receiving 
4 their fourteen Days Pay at their Difmiffion^to 

4 carry 

3 1 4 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. at Car. I. carry them home, then the Army fhall be forth- 
w Jth difbanded and turned home. 
* ^ n ^ we ZTe con fi^ ent tnat when the Honour- 
able Houfes fhall remember what Miferies that 

* Army hath endured, through not due Payment of 
* what the Kingdom of England was obliged to for 
them ; what Temptations they have withftood, 

* and how conftant and faithful they have been to 
' this Service and to the Crown of England, they 
will find it juft that, as is promifed in their Let- 
ter, Care be taken for their due Satisfaction before 
' they be recalled from the Service ; and that, either 

* upon Account of all the Particulars, or upon a 
' general Eftimate to be agreed on for the whole. 
4 This is the Expectation of the Kingdom, and is 
' hereby, in the Name of the Committee of Eftates 
< thereof, figned by 

Tour Lord/hip's 

Affeftionnte Friend and Servant, 

LOUDON, Cancellariw. 

Oft. 8. Information was given to the Lords, 
That whereas divers Ordinances had parted both 
Houfes of Parliament for the regulating the Uni- 
verfity of Oxford, and they had granted a Com- 
miflion, under the Great Seal of England, for that 
Purpofe; yet Dr. Fell took the Boldnefs upon him 
to execute the Vice-Chancellor's Place, difobeying 
all Ordinances and Powers of the Parliament ; 
fpeaking infolent Words againft them ; wondering 
what Great Seal it is the Commiflion was feal'd 
with, and queftioning how the Parliament came by 
a Great Seal. Whereupon the Lords declared the 
faid Dr. /V//tobeno Vice-Chancellor of that Uni- 
verfity, and ordered that he fhould be fent for as a 
Delinquent, to anfwer the fame at the Bar of that 

Ofl. 10. The following Letter from Colonel 
Jtnes in Ireland, was read this Day to the Lords : 

of E N G L A N D. 315 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, An. 23 car. i. 
Speaker of the Houje of LORDS. l6 47- 

My Lord, Dublin , Sept. 27, 1647. 

* \ Ccording to the Commands on me laid, I 

* /JL have given the Acknowledgment of the Col> j one8 , s Ac _ 

* Houfes to the Officers here ; who had all of them, count of the 

* in their refpelive Commands, very well merited State . 
of the Public in the late Service at Dungan-Hill, 

* with which your Lordfhips Senfe of that their 

* Service they reft very well fatisfied : However, 

* fome of them had before refented fomething, 

* they being pafled over, while others were remem- 

* bered, in the Rewards of that Service difpenfed 
' by the Houfes. 

' Prejiorfs Papers, commonly called the Cabi- 

* net, (though with no Cabinet) {hall be fent by 

* the firft fure Hands. I gain'd them in a fcattered 
' Way, from feveral Hands, as they were fnatch'd 
"* up in the Field. It was expected they might 

* have given us other Difcoveries than, upon Pe- 

* rufal, I find in them ; fo as, had it not been in 

* Obedience to the Commands therein laid on me, 

* I {hould not value them worthy fo great taking 
' Notice of. 

' I have fent a Ship to Munjter with thofe Let- 

* ters thither directed, and appointed to be hence 
' tranfmitted to the Lord Inchequin^ in Colonel Stlr- 

* Jings Letter to Major-General Monroe ; in which. 

* among other intercepted Papers I have formerly 
' fent thither, there was Mention made of a Veflel 

* which was to attend the Return of his Servant 

* Downing, the Bearer of thofe Letters -, that Vef- 

* fel being, a:> is probably conceiv'd the Charles Fri- 
4 gate, belonging to the Lord Inchequin^ but in the 
' Parliament's Pay I made flay of 3 wherein I defire 

* your Lordfhip's Pleafure. 

* I had before intimated my Refolutions for tak- 

* ing the Field, but hitherto I could not compafs 

* the doing of it, partly in the Unfeafonablenefs 

* of the Weather, wherein the naked and bare- 


3 1 6 T/je Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2 j Car. I. < footed Soldier had been endangered " partly, ob- 
t ' 6 *^ j ' ferving the Enemy's Motion, whereby I might 
Oh>ber. * find how to dhe my Courfe ; and partly, ex- 

* peeking the Northern Forces, commanded by Co- 
4 lonel Monk. Now I find the Rebels drawn to 
4 an Head, under the Command of their Uljler 
( General, Owen Roe, As for Prejlon^ he is drawn 
4 out of the Field for the fecuring of Kilkenny and 
4 Waterfmrdi of both which Places he is made 
' Commander. 

4 The Strength of the Vlfter Rebels is given 
4 out to be about 8000 Horfe and Foot, with 

* whom are joined about 1800 Foot and 500 Horfe 
c of the Leinfler Forces, Part of Prejlon's Com- 
' mand. 

4 Yefternight I had Intelligence from Colonel 

* Monk^ of his marching with 1500 Foot and 550 
4 Horfe, and that this Night he will be at Dundalk. 
* On Saturday next, God willing, I (hall fet forward 
4 with the Forces here : The Lord of Hofts go 
' along with us. 

4 Very great are the Difcouragements of this 
4 Soldiery in the want of all Things, the Store 

* and Treafure here being wholly exhaufted' above 
c ten Days fmce ; fo as I am put to the utmoft 

* of my Shifts for Provifion and Pay for the Ar- 

* my, which cannot hold out long, if not fpeedily 
' fupplied. It would be a Matter of exceeding 

* great Difcouragement, fhould I, through Want, 

* be forced from out of the Field, as formerly I 
4 have been, after the Fight of Dungan-HUL I 
' fhould fail in my Duty to the Service, did I 

* not thus reprefent to your Lordfhip the Necefli- 
ties of the Army ; and I fhould be very much 

* wanting to the Truft by the Houfes repofed in 
1 me, in fitting down under any Difcouragement 

* lefs than Impoffibilities ; which I afiure your 

* Lordfhip I fhall never do, refolving, notwith- 

* ftanding all Difficulties, to let flip no Opportuni- 

* ty for promoting this Service to the utmoft of my 
' Power ; and relying on your Lordfliip's Care of 

4 fupplying 

of ENGLAND, 317 

* fupplying us as fully and as fpeedily as may be An. 23 Car. r. 

* poffible ; fo, humbly taking Leave, I remain, v ^_ << ^^ 

My Lord, 

Yeur Lordjhips devoted Servant, 


Off. 14. All this while the Impeachment of the 
Houfe of Commons againft the feven Lords had laid 
dormant in that Houfe, and no farther Notice is fo r the TriTof 
taken of it in their Journals, than what is before the feven Peers 
given ; till this Day we find that a MefTage from im P^ ched b y 
the Commons was fent up, declaring, That hav- e Com 
long fmce brought up an Impeachment of High 
Treafon, againft 'James Earl of Suffolk, Theopbilus 
Earl of Lincoln, James Earl of Middlejex, George 
Lord Berkely, Francis Lord Willoughby, John Lord 
Hunfdon, and William Lord Maynard, they de- 
fire their Lordfhips would pleafe to appoint a 
Time when the Houfe of Commons (hould bring 
up their Proofs againft them. The Anfwer was, 
That the Lords appoint that Day Fortnight for the 

Off. 15. The Lords ordered, That fuch of their 
Members as were within twenty Miles of London, 
fhould be fummoned to attend the Houfe the igth A ea u o 
Inftant ; and thofe Lords which were further off, Houfes. 
to attend on the Day Fortnight i their Anfwers 
to be returned to the Houfe , and all fuch Lords as 
were then in Town not to be abfent without fuffici- 
ent Excufe be made for them. This Order for 
Attendance, we fuppofe, was made fo ftric"t on ac- 
count of the Impeachments. 

The Commons had a Call of their Houfe fome 
Day before this ; when it appearing that about 
240 of their Members were abfent (a), a Fine of 
twenty Pounds a-piece was fet upon thofe whofe 


(a) Their Nines are all entered in the Ccmmtni Journals Offt- 
ber 9, 1647. 

3 1 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. 1. Excufcs were not allowed; a fecond call was or- 
l6 * 7 * dered ; and the Members to be fummoned . 

Oft. 15. The Lords having, for feveral Days, 
debated the new Propofitions to be fent to the King ; 
this Day they were perfected, and all the feparate 
Articles of them agreed to by that Houfe. The 
Commons had feveral Divifions on different Points 
in thefe Propofitions ; particularly, Oft. \ 3, no lefs 
than three on the (ingle Article of limiting the 
Time of the Settlement of Prefbyterian Church- 
Government in England. The latter of which, on 
the Queftion, Whether it fhould be for feven Years ? 
was carried in the Negative, by 41 againft 33. It 
was then refolved^ That the Time mould be to the 
End of the next Seflion. of Parliament after the 
End of this. They fent this Day alfo to let the 
Houfe of Commons know it was their Opinion a 
Committee of both Houfes fliould be appointed, to 
join them with the Commimoners of Scotland^ to 
carry their Propofitions to the King ; to enforce, 
by Reafons and Arguments, the Juftnefs and Ne- 
ceffity of his Majefty's giving his Confent unto 
them; and humbly, to defire and infift upon his 
pofltive Anfwer and Confent, and to return to the 
Houfes within ten Days. 

O#. 19. This being the Day appointed for a 
Call of the Houfe of Lords, and fome of them fend- 
ing their Excufes that they were not in Health, it 
was ordered to put off the Call to this Day Seven- 

A Report from Having mentioned the Univerflty of Oxford^ in 
tfce Vifitors ap- the Cafe of Dr. JFV//, we here fubjoin an Entry made 
r' ntc . d e regu " in the Lords Journal*, on the 22d of this Month, 

ate the Univer- , . iX /~i i /* i t t T> j i - 

uty of Oxford, relating to the Conduct ot that whole Body on this 
particular Occafion. 

The Earl of Pembroke, then lately appointed 
Chancellor by an Ordinance of Parliament, re- 
ported from the Committee of Lords and Com- 

$f ENGLAND. 319 

mons appointed to regulate that Univerfity, < That An. 13 ear. I. 
the Vifitors having fcnt a Summons to Dr. Fell, then ' 47 ' M 
cxercifing the Place of Vice-Chancellor, and alfo oaober. 
to the Heads of Houfes, Do&ors, Proclors, Pro- 
feflbrs, and Delegates of that Univerfity, feverally, 
by a Mandatory, they came accordingly. And firft 
they told the Commiilioners, ' They did not know 
by what Authority the Vifitors did fend for them ; 
and thereupon defired a View and Copy of their 
Commiffion, which was grauted them. After Per- 
ufal thereof they brought in their feveral Anfwers ; 
which were to this Effect : 

* That they could not fubmit to this Vifitation, 
becaufe they could not acknowledge any Vifitors but 
the King, or fuch as were immediately fent by 
his Majefty. 

* This was the Anfwer of the Delegates, chofen 
in a Convocation the firft of June laft, and appoint- 
ed to give in their Anfwer in the Name of the Uni- 
verfity, confifting of fixteen Doctors and thirteen 
Matters of Arts. 

The Prebendaries of Cbrijl Church prefented 
the fame Anfwer. 

* Others faid, They could not bring in their Re- 
gifters, Statutes, &. according to the Vifitors 
Order, becaufe of the Oaths which they had taken 
to obferve the Statutes of their refpe&ive Houfes ; 
which, as they fay, binds them not to reveal the 
Secrets of their Colleges ; which they muft needs 
do, if they fhould obey the Order fent unto them 
from the Vifitors : That by Statutes fome Bifhops 
were appointed to be Vifitors of the feveral Col- 
leges ; and therefore they could not, without Per- 
jury, fubmit to this Vifitation. 

' Thefe were the Anfwers of the Heads of New 
College, All Souls, St. John's, Wadham, Queen's, Urn- 
nerjity, Brafen Nofe, Lincoln, and Exon. 

' Some added to this Anfwer, That feveral of 
their Society, whofe Confent was requifite, were 
abfent from the Univerfity, and therefore they could 
not fend in their Books. And thefe were Ballot 
College, Oriel, and Corpus Cbrijti, 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

c Dr. Potter, the Prefident of Trinity College, an- 
fwered, He could not get a Refolution of the Fel- 
lows, without whofe Confent he could not come 
by the Books required by Order. 

' Dr. Pelbam, the Vice-Prefident of Magdalen, 
denying his Appearance, fent by the Vifitors Man- 
datory this Anfwer, That his Bufmefs was within 
the College, and that he neither had, nor would 
have, any thing to do in meddling with any general 
Bufmefs out of the College. 

' Sir Natbanael Brent, the Warden of Merton 
College, profefled before the Vifitors, that they 
fhould have the Books of his College whenever 
they called for them. 

4 Mr. Langley, the Mafter of Pembroke College, 
put in by Ordinance of Parliament, brought in what 
Books he could find j for he was oppofed by Mr. 
Whitivick, who pretended to be Mailer, and had 
been put out by the Parliament. 

Jefus College fubmitted to the Vifitation, and 
fent in their Books according to Order. 

* The Beadles of the Univerfity being required 
to bring in their Staves, the Enfigns of their Office 
anfwered, the Vice-Chancellor had them ; who told 
them he could not deliver them without the Con- 
fent of the whole Univerfity. 

* Dr. Petty exerciling the Place of Vice-Chan- 
cellor, being five feveral Times fent to by the Vifi- 
tors to appear before them, and to bring in the En- 
ligns of his Office, refufed to come, and alfo to 
fend what was required ; whereupon the Vifitors 
made an Aft, by which they diverted him of that 
Office he pretended to, and alfo another A& for 
adjourning the Term till the I5th of November next : 
Notwithstanding which Aft Dr. Fell did begin the 
Term, contrary to the Orders of the Vifitors, which 
they had publimed to the Univerfity, and of which 
they had fent him a Copy.' 

After this, both Houfes agreed to refer the Con- 

federation of this Report from the Vifitors, to the 

Committee of Lords and Commons appointed for 

2 regu- 

^ENGLAND. 321 

regulating that Univerfity, and to apply effe&ual An. z ? car. i. 
Remedies as the Cafe fhall require. t i6 * 7 ' t 

Oa. 28. After the Lords fent up the new Pro- NovEmber 
pofitions to the Houfe of Commons, mentioned on 
the 1 5th, they voted that no more Additions or 
Alterations mould be made in them ; but the Com- 
mons demurred to this, and defired a Conference 
with the Lords about them ; the Altercations in 
Which, on Terms and Phrafes, take up fo many 
Pages in the Lords Journals, that it would be te- 
dious even to give an Abftract of them. 

Nov. 3. This Day the Commons, according to 
Order, had a fecond Call of their Houfe j but, be- 
fore it, the Queftion was put, Whether fuch Mem- 
bers as did not appear at the Call, and were not 
excufed, mould forfeit 20 /. it pafled in the Nega- 
tive, 152 againft 112, in all 264, the largeft Num- 
ber we have noted for fome Years ; tho', on a Di^ 
vifion the very next Day, the Numbers were only 
43 againft 41. 

Nov. 6. A Letter from the Scots Commiflioners, to 
the Speaker of the Houfe of Commons,was read (#). 

SIR, Worcefter-Houfe, Nov. 5, 1647. 

' A S upon the Removal of his Majefty from A Letter fo the 
' /V Holdenby, againft his Will, by a Party of J^jj? 
' the Army under the Command of Sir Thomas m ifl- lon ers, pref- 
' Fairfax, we exprefled our Senfe, and the Refent- fingfor a Perform 
ment of the Kingdom of Scotland, of that violent 

* A&ion : So the Committee of Eftates of the Par- 

* liament of Scotland, finding that his Majefty is 

* ftill kept within the Power of that Army, thought 

* themfelves bound to endeavour to know the 

* Certainty of his Condition. In Obedience to 
' their Commands we applied ourfelves to his Ma- 

* jefty, that from himfelf we might know the 
4 Truth thereof ; who was pleafed to mew us his 

VOL. XVI. X < Ufage 

(a] From the Original Edition, printed by Robert Ibbttfon, and li- 
eenfed by Gilbert Mabbot. The Copy given in Mr. Ru 
CoL'eciions, Vol. VII. p. 864, is extremely incorreft, as wi 
upon Comparifon. 

322 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 33 Car. I. Ufage ever fince he came from Newcaflle^ but 

11 ^ t * for his prefer) t Condition, he really profefleth he 

November. * cannot but refer us to know it from the two 

* Houfes of Parliament and the Army. 

* Both Houfes, by many Profefiions and Erigage- 

* ments, have declared to the Kingdom of Scotland 
' that they would take Care of the Prefervation of 

* his Perfon, his juft Power and Greatnefs, which 

* both Kingdoms have fworn not to diminim ; and 

* the Parliament of Scotland^ upon the King's going 

* to Holdenby, did declare againft all Harm, Pre- 
*judice !> Injury, or Violence to be done to his 

* Royal Perfon. Therefore, in Purfuance of the 

* Truft committed to us, we make this Addrefs to 

* the Honourable Houfes ; conceiving it neeulefs 

* to apply ourfelvcs to the Army, who, we fup- 

* pofe, are or ought to be under their Command ; 

* defiring to know from them the Certainty of his 

* Majefty's Condition ; and the rather, for that we 
* are informed there are Intentions in the Army 

* for removing him from Hampton- Court. 

4 The Kingdom of Scotland finding that their 

* Stability and Happinefs doth fo much depend up- 

* on the Safety and Prefervation of his Majefty's 

* Royal Perfon : And being refolved that no Alte^ 

* ration of Affairs {hall ever feparate them from the 

* Duty and Allegiance they owe unto his Majefty, 

* nor from their conftant Refolution to live in all 
6 Loyalty and Obedience under his Government, 
' have often {hewn their earned Defires, and contri- 

* buted their utmoft Endeavours, towards the Com- 

* pofure of thefe unhappy Differences : And the 

* Houfes of Parliament having, by their Votes of 
c the 28th of Ofiober laft, intimated unto us their 
4 Refolution to apply themfelves to his Majefty, and 
6 that they are preparing Propofitions to be tendered 
e to him ; we defire that they may be expedited and 
4 communicated to us, that, according to our many 
c Engagements and Relations, there may ftill be a 
'* Conjunction of Councils in thofe Things that 

4 are for the common Peace and joint Intereft of 

* both Kingdoms. 


*f ENGLAND. 323 

' And for the better afferting them, for clearing of An. 23 Car. I. 

* his Majefty's Doubts, and for giving and receiving ^ s * 7 * ^ 

' mutual Satisfaction, we do defire, in the Name Norember. 

4 of the Kingdom of Scotland, that there may be a 

* perfonal Treaty with his Majefty, as the beft and 
' readieft Means to obtain the joint Defires of both 

* Kingdoms; and, for that Effect, that the King 

* might be invited to come to London, with the 
' Honour, Freedom, and Refpect due to his Ma- 

* jefty ; or at leaft remain at Hampton-Court, and 
' not to be under the Power and Reftraint of the 

* Soldiers, where both Kingdoms may make their 

* free Applications to him without any Danger of 

* fuch Stop or Affront as hath been already com- 
' mitted againft a Commiflioner of Scotland, for 

* which no Reparation hath been yet made, and 
4 that his Majefty be no more carried about with 
' the Army at their Pleafure. 

* Thefe we conceive to be the moft probable 

* and effectual Means for attaining a happy Peace, 

* and fettling of Religion, reftoring his Majefty 
' to his juft Rights, and continuing and ftrength- 

* ening a good Undcrftanding betwixt thefe King- 

* doms, which are moft earneftly defired by the 

* Kingdom of Scotland \ and ftiall be conftantly and 

* faithfully endeavoured by 

Your Lord/hip's bumble Servants, 



The Lords ordered that this Letter from the 
Scots Commiffioners mould be referred to a Com- 
mittee of their Houfe, to confider of an Anfwer to 
it ; and to fend to the Commons to defire they 
would appoint a proportionable Number of their 
Members to join with them therein. 

Nov. 9. This Day, according to former Order, 

the Houfe of Lords was called over ; and the Gen- 

tleman-Ufher gave an Account that all the Lords, 

X 2 then 

324 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. aj Car. I. then abfent^ had Notice given them to attend the 
l6 47- Houfe according to Order: On which it was 


November o to ^ et a ^ ^ ne ^ IO ^ on eac ^ ^ tnem tna t 

had been fummoned and did not appear, unlefs 

fome Affidavit was made that they were not able 

A Fine of ioo l. to attend by reafon of ill Health. The aforefaid 

each, upon fuch jTj ne to be eftreated in the Exchequer, unlefs Caufe 

abfent a^Tcll! ^ e & ewn to tne contrary, within a Week. But, 

of that Houfe. amongft all the Peers, there was only the Lord 

Herbert of Cherbury fined ; and he making his Ex- 

cufe next Day, that his ill State of Health would 

not permit him to attend the Service of the Houfe, 

the Fine was remitted, and he had longer Time 

given him ; as there was to the reft of the Abfen- 

tees, which were no more than four Lords, fome 

to a longer and others to a morter Date. 

Nov. 10. On this Day it was that the Com- 
mons fent up the Preamble to the Propofitions fi- 
nally concluded, which was read in thefe Words : 
4 The Lords and Commons aflembled in Par- 
liament do declare, That the King of England ', 
for the Time being, is bound in Juftice, and by 
the Duty of his Office, to give his Affent to all 
fuch Laws as, by the Lords and Commons in 
Parliament, {hall be adjudged to be for the Good 
of the Kingdom, and by them tendered unto him 
for his Aflent ; and, in Purfuance thereof, do 
offer the enfuing Propofitions to his Majefty, to 
be made Laws, for a prefent fettling of a well- 
c grounded Peace/ 

Major-General Stirling and Lieutenant-Colonel 
Marjball, being brought from Ireland, were com- 
mitted to the Cuftody of the Serjeant of the Houfe 
of Commons for the prefent. 

The King efcapes Nov. 12. After both Houfes had laboured with 

J, r m t Hampton ~ t ^ le ' r P r P nt ' ons * l n g ancl were at 1*^ dc ^ 1 " 
vered of them, they were dreadfully alarmed this 
Day, with Intelligence from the Lord Montague, 
That the King had efcaped the Night before from 


of ENGLAND. 32^ 

Hampton-Court ; and that the following Papers, all An. * 5 Car. I 
of his own Hand-writing, were found upon the t l647 ' 
Table in his Chamber. November. 

And firft, was read his Majefty's Letter to the 
Lord Montague, one of the Parliament's Com- 
miffioners appointed to attend him. 

Hampton-Court, Nov. n, 1647. 

/ do hereby give you, and the reft of your His Letter to the 

ellows, Thanks for the Civilities and good Con* Lor { M " ta 6 ue 
r i i 7 i 7 f >T r on * Occa- 

'verjation that 1 nave bad jrom you. JVext 1 com-& m . 

mand you to fend this my MeJJage, which you will 
find upon my 'Table, to the two Houfes of Parliament ; 
and likewife to give a Copy of it to Colonel Whaley, 
to be fent to the General. Likewife I dejire you to 
fend all my Saddle-Horfes to my Son the Duke of York; 
as for what concerns the Resolution J have taken, my. 
declaratory MeJJage fays fo much that I refer you to 
it ; and fo I rejl 

Your aflured Friend, 


Next the King's MefTage was read : 

For the S P E A K E R of the Houfe of L o R D s pro 
Tempore, to be communicated to the Lords and 
Commons in the Parliament of England, at 
Wejlminjler, and to the Commiffioners of the 
Parliament of Scotland, and to all my other Sub- 
jects, of what Degree, Condition, or Calling, 

Hampton-Court, Nov. n, 16.47. 

T Iberty being that which in all Times hath been, His Meflage to 
*- but efpecially now is, the common Theme tf;/ Jthe Parliament. 
Dejire of all Men, common Rcafon Jhews that 
Kings, lefs than any, Jhould endure Captivity ; yet I 
call God to witnefs with what Patience I have en- 
dured a tedious Rejiraint ^ which fo long as I had 
X 3 any 

526 *I he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. any Hopv that this Sort of my Suffering might cm- 
1 *? t duce to the Peace of my Kingdoms, or the hindering 
Novein f more Effufion of Blood, I did willingly undergo j 

but now finding^ by too certain Proofs, that this my 
continued Patience would not only turn to my perfo- 
nal Ruin, but likewife be of much more Prejudice 
than Furtherance to the Public Good, I thought I was 
bound) as well by natural as political Obligations^ 
to fee k my Safety, by retiring my f elf, for feme Timt, 
from the public View both of my Friends and Ene- 
mies. And I appeal to all indifferent Men to judge, 
if I have not jujl Caufe to free myftlf from the Hands 
of thcfe who change their Principles with their Con- 
dition, and who are not afhamed openly to intend the 
Ds/Truftion of the Nobility, by taking away their 
Negative Voice, and with whom the Levellers Doc- 
trine is rather countenanced than punijhed : And as 
for their Intentions to my Perfon, their changing and 
putting more Jlritt Guards upon me, with the dif- 
charging moft of all thofe Servants of mine who for- 
merly they willingly admitted to wait upon me, do fuf- 
ficiently declare. Nor wwld I have this my Retire- 
ment mi/interpreted ; for I Jhall earnejlly and incef- 
fantly endeavour the Settling of a fafe and well- 
grounded Peace wherever I am, or Jhall be ; and 
that, as much as may be, without the Effujlon of 
more Chriflian Blood; for which bow many Times 
have I defired, prejfed to be heard, and yet no Ear 
given to me ? And can any reafonable Man think that, 
according to the ordinary Courfe of Affairs, there can 
be a fettled Peace without it, or that God will blefs 
thofe who refufe to hear their own King ? Surely no. 
Nay, I mujl farther add, that, befides what concerns 
myfelf unlefs all cth^r chief Intcre/h have not only 
a Hearing, but Hkewife j'uji Satisfaction given unto 
them, (to ^u!f, the Prejlyterians, Indcpendar.ts, Ar- 
my, th-ife who have adhered to me, and even the 
Scots) I fey there cnnnct ( I (peak not of Miracles, 
it being) in my Opint9fi, a f-.r.fid Prejumption, in 
fuch Cafes, to cxpeft or truft to them) be a ^ fafe 
or lafling Peace. Now as I cannot d?ny -but that 
my perfonal Sccitrity is the urgent C<iufe of this my 


of ENGLAND. 327 

Retirement, fo I take God to witnefs, that the Public An. 23 Car. I. 
Peace is no lefs before my Eyes ; and I can find no 
better Way to exprefs this my Profejfion, (I know not 
what a wifer Man may do) than by defer ing and 
urging, that all chief Inter efts may be heard, to the 
end each may have juft Satisfaction, As for Ex- 
ample \ the Army (for the reft though necejfary, yet 9 
I fuppofe, are not difficult to content} ought, in my 
judgment, to enjoy the Liberty of their Conferences, 
and have an AR of Oblivion or Indemnity, which 
Jhould extend to the reft of rnv Subjects ; and that all 
their Arrears Jhould be fpeedily and duly paid, which 
I will undertake to do, Jo I may be heard, and that / 
be not hindered from ufing fuch lawful and hone ft 
Means as I Jhall chufe. 

To conclude : Let me be heard Tcifh Freedom, Ho- 
nour, and Safety, and I Jhall inftar.tly break through 
this Cloud of Retirement, and Jhall fb civ my f elf real.} 
to be Pater Patriae. 

Then a Letter of the King's to Col. JVhaley was 

Hampton-Court, Nov. u, 1647. 
Col. Whaley, 

THave been fo civilly ufed by you and Major Hunt- And another 
9- ingdon, that I can't but, by this parting Fare- ^" er to Coi 
well, acknowledge it under my Handy as a/fa to de- 
fire the Continuance of your Courtcfy, by your pro- 
tecting my Houjhold Stuff" and Moveables of all Sorts, 
which I leave behind me in this Houfe, that they be 
neither fpoiled nor embezzled; only there are three 
Pictures here, which are not mine, which 1 dejire 
you to reftore ; to wit, ?ny Wife's Pilure in Blue, 
fitting in a Chair, you muft fend ta Mrs. Kirk ; 
my eldeft Daughter's Piclure, copied by Belcam, ta 
the Countefs of Anglefea ; and my Lady Stanhope's 
Picture to Carew Rawleigh. There is a fourth 
Piclure, which I had almojl forgot ; it is the Ori- 
ginal of my eldeft Daughter, (it hangs in the Cham- 
ber over the Board next to the Chimney) which you 
muft fend to my Lady Aubigney. So, being con/i- 
X 4 dent 


An. 23 Car. I. dent that you 
|6 47- Ire/! 

.An anonymous 
Letter to the 
King advifing 

his Efcape. 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

my Preservation and Rejlitution y 
Your Friend, 


P. S. / a/Jure you that it was not the Letter you 
jheiued me To-day that made me take this Resolution, 
nor any ddvertifemunt of that Kind; but I confefs 
that I am loth to be made a clofe Prifoner, under 
Pretence of fee ur ing my Life. 

I had almojl forgot to defer e you to fend the black- 
grey Bitch to the Duke 0/" Richmond. 

The Letter to the King, above referred to, was 
read, fubfcribed only with E. R. 

Lwdon, Nov. 9, 1647. 
May it pleafe your Afajejiy, 

{ I N Difcharge of my Duty, I can't omit to ac- 
c J. quaint you, that my Brother was at a Meet- 
' ing laft Night, with eight or nine of the Agita- 

* tors ; who, in Debate of the Obftacles which did 
4 moft hinder the fpeedy efFecting of their Dqfigns, 
' did conclude it was your Majefty, and fo long as 
' your Majefty doth live you would be fo ; and 
' therefore refolved, for the Good of the King- 
' dom, to take your Life away j and that to that 
c Action they were well allured that Mr. Dell and 

* Mr. Peters, two of their Preachers, would wil- 

* lingly bear them Company j for they had often 
' faid to thefe Agitators, your Majefty is but as a 

* dead Dog. My Prayers are for your Majefty's 
' Safety, but do too much fear it can't be whilft 
c you are in thofe Hands. I wifh with all my Soul 
e that your Majefty were at my Houfc in Broad- 

* Street, where I am confident I could keep you 

* private till this Storm was over ; but beg your 
' Majefty's Pardon, and (hall not prefume to offer 

* it as Advice ; 'tis only my conftant Zeal to your 
f Service, who am 

Tour Majcfy's dutiful Subjetf, 

E, R. 


gf ENGLAND. 329 

The Speaker acquainted the Houfe with a Letter An - 2 3 Car. I. 
he received from Lieutenant-General Cromwell, that L l6 * 7 ' 
the King went laft Night, with nine Horfes, over November. 
Kingjlon Bridge. 

Ordered^ ' That the King's Letter to the Lord 
Montague, and his Majefty's MefTage, be com- 
municated to the Houfe of Commons. The Lords 
alfo declared that they were fully fatisfied that the 
Lord Montague had, with all Fidelity and Dili- 
gence, performed the Truft wherein he was em- 
ployed by both Houfes, in attending on the King 
at Hampton-Court ; and that this Accident of the 
King's goino; from Hampton-Court did no way re- 
flect upon his Integrity, neither his Lordfhip nor 
the reft of the Commiffioners having the Command 
of the Guards there/ 

Nov. 13. Col. Wlwley made a Narrative to the 
Lords, concerning his guarding of the King, and 
the Manner of his Majefty's Efcape from Hamp- 
ton-Court. Afterwards the Speaker, in the Name 
of the Houfe, gave the Colonel this Anfwer, That 
the Lords were fully fatisfied with his free and in- 
genuous Relation, and alfo with his former faithful 
Service, efpecially with his Carriage in this Bufi- 
ncfs, for which the Houfe did give him Thanks. 

A Letter' from the Scots Commiffioners was read, 
directed to the Speaker of the Houfe of Lords. 

Right Honourable, Nov. 13, 1647. 

* HpHIS Morning we have heard a Report that The Scots Com. 

* his Majefty is gone from Hampton-Court ; miffioners Letti 
f therefore we have thought it incumbent on us 

* to defire that both Houfes would make known 

* to us the Certainty thereof, to the end we may 

* be the better enabled to give an Account to the 
' Kingdom of Scotland ; and fo we reft 

Tour Lordjhip's humble Servants, 




3 3 o 

An. a :'-" 



The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Another Letter, directed as before, from Sir 
Tljomas Fairfax was read. 

Putney, Nov. 13, 1647. 
My Lord, 

* '~|~ " HIS Morning Col. Wkaley hath been with 
' Jl me, and given me an Account, as far as 
' yet he underftandeth, of all Circumftances ap- 

* peering about the King's going away ; all which 
v the CominUiioners of both Houfes, as he faith, 
' do know as fully as he ; and therefore they being, 

* as he forctdleth me, gone to acquaint the Houfes 
' therewith, I forbear, for this Day, to command 
' his Attendance on the Houfes ; efpecially in re- 

* gard that there is yet fome Need of the Conti- 

* nuance of his Guard and Care at Hampton-Court, 
4 for the fafe keeping of thole whom he hath fe- 

* cured, to be examined concerning the King's 

* Efcape ; about whom I defire the Houfes would 

* take fome Order what fhould be done with them, 

* for the Examination of them or otherwife. 

4 I (hall To-morrow go to Ware, according to 

* former Refolution, to rendezvous the Army and 

* mail be there until Monday towards Night, to 
c receive your Commands. 


very bumble Servant, 


T&rCommcns On the Day the firft News of the King's Efcape 
^f&^to'ucti" came to the Houfe of Commons, a Queftion was 
c-^ithe King's propofed, That what Perfcn foever fhould harbour 
J%tiw. or conceal the King's Perfon., or know of any that 

did, and fhall not reveal it immediately to the 
Speakers of both Houfes, fhould be proceeded, 
aiiainft as a Traitor to the Common-wealth, for- 
feit Hs whole Eitate, and die without Mercy- 
There were two Divilions on this Qveftiofl ; the 
firft, Whether it (hould be now put ? which was 
carried by 58 anainft 48 ; then the main Queftion 
being put, it palled in the Affirmative, 61 acvmft 


of E N G L A N D. 371 

But the Houfes were not very long in Sufpence An. 23 Car. t. 
what was become of the King ; for this Morning, ^'v 
Nov. 15, a Letter from Col. Hammond, Governor November, 
of the Ijle of IVight, was received, and read in 
thefe Words : 

For the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Coives, Nov. 13, 1647. 

' T Hold it my Duty to give your Lordfhip an AcrCol. Hammond 
' * count of the King's unexpected coining mto knJs Advice of 
' this Ifland, and of the Manner of it ; which was jJJJJJSi 
4 thus : Ifcof Wight, 

4 This Morning, as I was on the Way pafling 

* from CariJbrook-CaJlle to Newport, Mr. Afnlnrn- 

* ham and Sir John Berkley overtook me ; and, after 

* a fhort Difcourfe, told me, That the King was 
' near, and that he would be with me that Ni'c'nt; 
4 that he was come from Hampton-Court upon In- 

* formation that there were fome intended to de- 
' ftroy his Perfon, and that he could not with 

* Safety continue any longer there ; and that find- 
c ing his Cafe thus, he chofe rather to put himfelf in 
' my Hands (being a Member of the Army, whom, 

* he faith, he would not have left, could he have 

* had Security to his Perfoa) than to go to any 

* other Place Being herewith exceedingly fur- 
' prized at prefent, I knew not what Courfe to 
' take ; but, upon ferious Confederation, weighing 

* the great Concernment that the Perfon of the 
King is of, in this Juncture of Affairs, to the 

* Settlement of the Peace of the Kingdom, I re- 
1 folved it my Duty to the King, to the Parliament, 

* and Kingdom, to ufe the utmoft of my Endea- 

* vours to preferve his Perfon from any fuch horrid 
' Attempt, and to bring him to a Place of Safety ; 
' where he may alfo be in a Capacity of anfwer- 
' ing the Expectation of Parliament and King- 
' dom, in agreeing to fuch Things as may extend 
' to the Settlement of thofe great Divifions and 
' Diftractions abounding in every Corner thereof. 

* Hereupon 

3 3 2 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

/n. aj Car - I. c Hereupon I went immediately with them over 

^ 47 ' . the Water, taking Captain Bajket, the Captain 

November. ' of Cowes Cajile, with me, and found the King 

' near the Water Side : And conceiving myfelf no 

c way able to fccure him there, I chofe, he defiring 

c it, to bring him over into this Ifland, where he 

' now is. 

4 My Lord, my Endeavours, as for my Life, 

* (hall be to preferve and fecure his Perfon. And 
' I humbly defire I may receive the Pleafure of the 
c Parliament in this great and weighty Matter ; 

* and that the Lord will direct your Counfels to 

* his Glory and the Kingdom's Good and Peace, 
e mail be my Prayer ; and my Endeavour (hall 

* ever be to exprefs myfelf, in all Things in my 

<Power My Lord, 

Tour Lord/hip's and the Kingdom's 

mojl humble and faithful Servant , 


A Committee of both Houfes was appointed to 
meet that Afternoon, and confuler what was fit to 
be done with the Perfon of the King, and report 
the fame, that Orders might be fent down to Col. 
Hammond accordingly. 

The Reafons for the Kinefs making his Efcape 
from Hampton-Court , and throwing himfelf into 
the Hands of Colonel Hammond, in the Jjle of 
Wight, are varioufly accounted for by the Con- 
temporary Hiftorians, according to their different 
Difpofitions and Affections, and are far too tedir 
ous to be here recited : But a Reference thereto 
may not be unnecefiary (). 

Nov. 1 6. A Letter from Sir Thomas Fairfax 
was read. Mr. Ritfljworth has abridged this Let- 


(b) Ludlow't Memoirs, Vol. I. p. 214. to iza. - IIcMcf 
tf tbi Civil Wart, p. 200. - ---- Hollefi Memtirs, p. 186, 7. ^~ 
H'arvoicFt Memoirs, p. 301; to 308- -- CtaraiJom'i Hijlor-c, 
\'c-l. V. 8vo. Edit. p. 76 to ?6 ....... H'kithcf-r'i ^f ;.-:;. .'.'-, \. 170 

of E N G L A N D. 333 

ter, and has not given any Part of the Petition at An. z 5 caM 
the End of it ; but as it has ever been the Method 
of thefe Inquiries to publifh thefe Affairs fent to 
the Parliament at full Length, we fhall make no 
further Apology for this Infertion. 

To the Right Hon. the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
SPEAKER of the Houje of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord y Hertford^ Noltt 15, 1647. 

* I Rendezvoufed this Day three Regiments of General Fair 
1 Foot and four of Horfe, viz. of Horfe, ^. 

'own Regiment, Col. Rich's, Col. FItftwo0d's 9 
6 and Col. Twijlcton's ; and of Foot, my own Re- 

* giment, Col. Pride's^ and Col. Hammond's. \Vhen 
4 they appeared all at the Place of Rendezvous, I 
' tendered to them, and had read at the Head of 
c every Regiment, this inclofed Paper, which was 

* very acceptable to them, and to which they have 

* given very full and ready Concurrence, profeffing 

* Readinefs to ferve you and the Kingdom ; which 

* I hope will be conftantly and honeftly by them 

* performed ; and I can't but attribute great Ac- 
* knowledgment to Almighty God, in making thefe 
4 poor Men fo unanimous, in fuch Things as I 
4 think do, and will, conduce to an happy Settle- 
1 ment of this poor Kingdom. 

4 They profefs likewife an abfolute Submiflion 
' and Conformity to the antient Difcipline of the 

* Army, by which I hope to order it to your Sa- 

* tisfaclion ; there came thither alfo two Regiments 

* without Orders, viz. Col. 2farrifan's 9 of Horfe; 

* and Col. Lilburni^ of Foot. Thefe two had 
e been very much abufed and deluded by the Agents 
1 who had their Intercourfes at London^ and were 

* fo far prevailed withal, that, when they came 

* into the Field, they brought with them, in their 
c Hats, a Paper, commonly called, Tbf Agreement of 
' the People^ being very much inflamed towards 
c Mutiny and Diibbedience ; but truly I perceived 

* the Men were merely cozened and abufed with fair 
' Pretences of thofe Men which ailed in the London 

2 < Councils ; 

334 *be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An - *3 Car. I. * Councils j for Col. Harrifori's Regiment was no 

L ^ f * fooner informed of tneir Error, but, with a great 

November. * deal f Readinefs and Chearfulnefs, they fubmit- 

* ted to me, expreffing the fame Affection and Re- 

* folution of Obedience with other Regiments ; and 

* I believe you will have a very good Account of 

* them for Time to come. As for Col. Lilburnis^ 

* they were put into thofe Extremities of Difcon- 

* tent, that they had drawn away almoft all their 

* Officers ; and came in marching up near to the 

* Rendezvous, contrary to the Orders, the chief- 
' eft Officer with them being a Captain-Lieutenant, 

* whom I have fecured on purpofe to try him at a 

* Council of War ; and, for Example Sake, drew 

* out divers of the Mutineeers, three whereof were 
' prefently tried and condemned to Death ; and, by 
' Lot, one of them was fhot to Death at the Head 

* of the Regiment, and there are more in Hold to 
' be tried. I do find the fame Regiment likewife 

* very fenfible of their Error, and teftifying much 
' feeming Conformity to Commands ; fo that I 
6 doubt not but I mall be able to give you a good 
' Account of that Regiment alfo. And indeed I 

* do fee that the London Agents have been the great 
' Authors of thefe Irregularities, and wifli fome of 
c better Quality have not been their Abettors. 

* Major Scot came to the Rendezvous, and did 

* carry himfelf very fa6lioufly ; not only teftifying 
4 his own Difcontent, but ftirring up others alfo 
' to the fame ; whereupon I defired him to with- 
c draw out of the Field, and repair to the Parlia- 

* ment ; and commanded an Officer to attend him 
' to the Houfe of Commons. 

' I thought it my Duty to give your Lordfliips 

* this further Account, that Colonel Rain/borough^ 

* with fome others, tendered this inclofed Petition, 
' together with the People's Agreement annexed 

* thereunto. And, by what Hands I yet know 

* not fully, very many Copies of the fame Agree- 
' ment were difperfed among the Soldiers, thereby 

* to engage them ; but, blefled be God, all proved 
' ineffectual j and I may repeat it once again, I 

4 * never 

of E N G L A N D. 335 

< never yet, upon any Rendezvous, found Men An. 23 Car. r. 
' better compofed and better fatisfied at parting t . * 6 * 7 '.^ 
' than thefe nine Regiments were ; and I truft in November. 
e God, if a juft Care be taken to anfwer their rea- 

* fonable Defires, they will ftill fo continue : But 

* give me Leave to fay, that I hope, out of a good 
' Affection to you and this poor Kingdom, it will 

* be your Lordfhip's Glory and Honour to make 
fuch Ufe of this Mercy, as that all the World 

* may fee that which I know you intend, to wit> 
' a fpeedy Settlement of thofe Things that I was 

* bold to prefent to the Houfe of Commons in my 

* late Addrefles, and the eafing of this poor King- 

* dom of free Quarter ; by providing future Pay, 

* that fo no free Quarter be taken, nor the Soldiers 

* put to Shifts, nor I be unable to, uphold the Dif- 

* cipline of the Army ; that they may be fatisfied 

* in their Arrears, according to the former Defires, 
' and the Act of Indemnity made full, and thofe 
' other Things concerning the Soldiers in this Paper 

* performed. 

' I mail very much rejoice in the next Place, 

* that you will pleafe to anticipate all our Defires 
' in thofe Things which concern the Settlement 

* of the Kingdom ; which, though they do not 

* move fo properly from us as Soldiers, yet, as 

* Englljbmen^ who have engaged ourfelves by our 

* feveral Declarations to the Kingdom, we cannot 

* but continue our humble and earneft Defires that 

* they may be fettled to Satisfaction ; and we hope 
' it will not be any Regret to you that we become 
' your Remembrancers therein ; and, my Lord, 

* believe me, you will find Expedition will be the 
' Life of all the Things which concern the Soldiers 
4 and the Kingdom. 

* We fhall have our other Rendezvous with what 

* Convenience may be, of the Ifiue of which you 

* (hall receive a fpeedy Account. There be four 

* Regiments of Horfe, one in Wales, viz. Col. 

* Hattons\ Col. Scroop* s 9 in Somer let/hire ; Col. 
' Tomltn^s^ in Lincolnjhire ; Col. Tbornbagb's, in 

' Nottingbamjhirc; of which I have very good AiTu- 

' ranees 

2 $6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. ranees that they will be very faithful and obedient 
i__* * 7 ! j ' to you and the Difcipline of the Army. Having 
November. ' troubled you thus much, I reft 

Tour Lord/hip's mojl bumble Servant, 


To his Excellency Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX, out- 
noble General^ 

TJje HUMBLE PETITION of many Officers and 

Soldiers under his Command, 

* '~t " HAT, in Judgment and Confcience, we 
' J. engaged in War againft the King under 

* your Excellency's Command, to prefefve and 

* vindicate the Freedom of our native Countries, 

* and of the Parliament in order thereunto : 

4 That, by the Blefling of God, all thofe Our 
' Enemies are fallen or fled before us ; that, foi 
' the fame Ends, for our Rights, and for our Ser- 

* vices, we were forced to hazard ourfelves in dif- 
' puting the Parliament's Commands ; and thofe 

* our Oppofers have likewife been fubdued : 

c That the Countries have petitioned your Ex- 
' cellency to procure the long expected Settlement 
' of their Freedoms : 

' That we have waited many Months for the 
' fecuring to us, and all the free-born People, their 
c native Rights, and for our Indemnity and Arrears 
' as Soldiers ; and our Hearts bleed to fee our 

* Country confumed under continued Diftra6ticns 
' and heavy Oppreffions : 

' That we fee no Hope of Indemnity of us and 

* our Affiftants, nor of fettling the Foundations of 

* Freedom, but by entering into this Agreement (c} ; 

* which we herewith offer unto your Excellency, 

* defiring your Concurrence therein : 


(e) In the Margin of the Lords Journal's in this Entry, * The 
' Peeflis Engagement was annexed to this Petition, with thefe Words 
4 printed on the back Side, in Capital Letters, vix. ENGLAND'S 


Copy of it there, aor in any of 

^ENGLAND. 337 

' That we have feen and felt the fad Confe- An. 23 car. I. 
quences of being divided and fcattered, before t J - l6 *Il y 
our native Freedoms were fettled, and our Ar- November, 
rears fecured, aiid fuch a Way eftablifhed for 
conftant Pay that we may know where to receive 
it monthly without fail : 

' That we are bound in Confciencfej from the 
Senfe of our Duty to our native Country, and in 
Mercy to ourfelves, to keep together with our 
Swords in our Hands, to maintain thefe our 
Freedoms, for which the Parliament firft invited 
us to take Arms ; to fee our Arrears and Pay fe- 
cured, and our dear Country freed from thefs in- 
tolerable Burdens. 

4 May it therefore pleafe your Excellency to go 
on, in owning and leading us in Maintenance of 
this our Caufe, to the Righteoufnefs whereof God 
hath born fuch clear Witnefs ; and in the Profe- 
cution of thefe Things, we humbly defire to live 
and die under your Excellency's Conduct.' 

After reading all thefe Papers, the Lords refol- 
ved to have a prefent Conference with the Com- 
mons thereupon. A Committee being appointed 
accordingly, the Earl of Northumberland reported 
the Heads to be offered at the Conference ; which* 
being read and confidered, were approved of as 
follows, viz. 

1 That a Letter of Thanks be written to the A Conference , 
General from both Houfes, defiring the Con- 
tinuance of his Care to fee exemplary Juftice done 
upon thofe who fhall have raifed or (hall endea- 
vour to raife Mutinies, and faclioufly to fubvert 
the Order and good Government of the Army ; 
and a Committee of both Houfes to prepare the 

' That a fpeedy Courfe may be taker! to give 
fome prefent Satisfaction to the Army in their Pay, 
and fuch a Settlement of Pay to them for the fu- 
ture, that the Kingdom may not continue under 
the Burden of free Quarter, nor the Soldiers be put 
to Shifts. 

VOL. XVI. Y < That 

338 tfhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23. Car. I. That fome real Satisfaction may be given to 
t l6 *7' j the Army in refpect of their Arrears j and the Act 
November. ^ Indemnity to be made full. 

' That there may be a Committee of both 
Houfes appointed to examine the Proceedings of 
thofe London Agents, mentioned in the General's 
Letter, and all others who are known, or {hall juftly 
be fufpectedj, to have been the Authors and Abettors 
of thefe feditious Irregularities, whereupon fome 
exemplary Juftice may be done : And becaufe 
Col. Raimborough and Major Scot, Members of the 
Houfe of Commons, are named in the General's 
Letter to have acted in this Bufmefs, to defire that 
Houfe to take it into their Care fo to proceed with 
them, as may conduce to the Safety of this Kingdom, 
and the Prefervation of this prefent Government. 

' That Col. Rainjborougb, who is named in the 
General's Letter to have been active, with others, 
at this Rendezvous, may not be fuffered to go to 
Sea till this Bufmefs be fully examined (d). 

' That for the Satisfaction of the Kingdom and 
Army, and to difcharge ourfelves of the Duty and 
Truft that lies upon both Houfes, a fpeedy Courfe 
may be taken and profecuted to quiet the prefent 
Diffractions, and to fettle the Peace of the King- 

Refolutiens of A MefTage was brought up from the Houfe of 
S H to U [heSe'. Commons b y Sir Walter Erie, and others, with the 
curing of the following Refolutions, to all which the Lords gave 
Kig's perfon. their Concurrence : 

1. That the fecureft Place for the King's Re- 
fidence, during the Time the Houfes fhall think fit 
to continue him in the Ifle of Wight, is Can/brook 

2. c That no Perfon who hath been in Arms, 
or aflifted in this unnatural War againft the Parlia- 
ment, be permitted to come or remain in the faid 
Ifle during the King's Refidence there, unlefs they 
be Inhabitants of the Ifle, and have compounded 
with the Parliament. 

3. That 

(d) Appointed Vice-Admiral of the Fleet about two Months be- 

of E N G L A N t>. 339 

3. ' That no Perfon who hath been in Arms, An. 23 Car. t. 
br aflifted in this unnatural War againft the Par- **47. 
liament, {hall be permitted to come into the King's ^ " , "' 
Prefence, or into any Fort or Caftle in the faid 

Ifle, during the King's Refidence there, altho' he 
be an Inhabitant, and hath compounded with the 

4. ' That no Stranger, or Perfon of a foreign 
Nation, fhall be permitted to come into the King's 
Prefence without Directions of both Houfes of 
Parliament, except fuch as have Warrant from the 
Parliament of Scotland, or from the Committee of 
that Parliament thereunto authorifed, and are not 
difabled by the Propofitions agreed on by both 

5. c That a fufficient Guard be appointed by 
Col. Hammond, Governor of the faid Ifle, for fe-*> 
curing the King's Perfon from any Violence, and 
preventing his departing the faid Ifle without the 
Directions of both Houfes. 

6. ' That the King's Houfhold at Hampton- 
Court be forthwith diflblved; 

7. ' That the Members of both Houfes, that are 
of the Committee of both Kingdoms, do acquaint 
the Scots Commiflioners that the Propofitions a- 
greed on by both Houfes, to be prefented to the 
King for fettling a fafe and well-grounded Peace^ 
are ready ; and that the Houfes have refolved to 
fend them to the King on Monday next ; that the 
Houfes will be ready to join with the Commiflioners 
of Scotland to infift on the fame Things for the 
Peace and Intereft of that Kingdom, as were for- 
merly propounded in Behalf thereof in the late 
Propofitions of both Kingdoms ; or, if any Altera- 
tions in Behalf of that Kingdom be thought fit, the 
Houfes do defire they may be prepared arid per- 
fected within the Time before-mentioned ; that 
fo no Time may be loft for the joint fending of 
fuch Things to the King as (hall be agreed on 
for the Intereft and Peace of the Kingdoms re* 

Y 4 

34 *fbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. i\ Car. I. November 17. The Remonftrance from the Ge- 

^ * 47 ' neral, &c. mentioned in Yefterday's Proceedings, 

November was rea( ^' This Remonftrance is not in Mr. Rujh- 

vuorth's Collefiions ; nor do we meet with it any 

where but in the Lords ^Journals. 

A REMONSTRANCE from his Excellency Sir 
THOMAS FAIRFAX and his Council of War , 
concerning the late Difcontent and Diflraftion in 
the Army ; with his Excellency's Declaration of 
himfelf, and Expectation from the Army thereupon^ 
for the future uniting of the Army. 

Hertford, Nov. 14, 1647. 

*om^e ft rS nCe ' HTHAT ever fmce the Engagement of the 

Fairfax, touch- * - Army at Newmarket-Heath, his Excellency, 

ing the late Mu- with the General Officers and General Council 

Army! th? ' ^ the Army, (to which that Engagement refers) 

' have been doing their Duty and beft Endea- 

' vour for the Good of the Army and Kingdom, 

' according to the Ends of that Engagement, and 

* the Declarations and other Papers that have fmce 
4 patted from the Army. 

' And in this, according to their Confciences and 
' the beft of their Understandings, they have done 
' the utmoft they could, without prefent Deftruc- 

* tion to the Parliament ; which, in their Opinions, 

* would inevitably have put the Kingdom into 
4 Blood and Confufion, and fo both the Army and 

* Kingdom into an Incapacity, or paft all rational 

* Hopes of obtaining or enjoying that Satisfaction 
4 or Security for which the Engagement was en- 
' tered into ; and if they have neglected any Thing 
' wherein they might have done better, they have 

* been ready, as ftill they are, to be convinced 
c thereof, and to amend the Default, and to hearken 

* to what any Man would foberly offer for that 
' Purpofe, or to lead them to any Thing better. 

* That while they have been thus doing their 

* Duty, (befides many other Interruptions or Di- 
' verfions by the Defigns and Workings of Ene- 

' mies) 

^ENGLAND. 341 

' mies) they have of late found the greateft Inter- An. 23 Car. I. 

* ruption to their Proceedings by a few Men, t6 * 7 ' t 
f Members of the Army ; who, without any Au- November. 

* thority or juft Call thereunto that we know of, 

* afluming the Name of Agents for feveral Re- 

* giments, have, for what Ends we know not, ta- 

* ken upon them to act as a divided Party from the 
' faid Council and Army ; and aflbciating them- 
v felves with, or rather (as we have juft Caufe to 
' believe) given themfelves up to be acted or guided 
' by divers private Perfons that are not of the 

* Army, have endeavoured, by various Falfhoods 
' and Scandals, raifed and divulged in Print and 

* otherwife, againft the General, the General Of- 

* fleers, and Council of the Army, to poflefs the 
' Army and Kingdom with Jealoulles of them, 
4 and Prejudices againft them ; as if they had fallen 
4 from their Principles, had broke all their En- 
c gagements and Declarations, and thereby for- 
' feited their Truft, and were in their whole Pro- 
' ceedings falfe and treacherous, both to the Army 
4 and Kingdoms : And, by thefe and Other Practices, 
' the faid Agents and their Aflbciates have laboured 
4 to make Parties and Factions in the Army, to 

* raife Difcontents, Mutinies, andDiforders therein, 

* to divide the Soldiers from the Officers, and both 
c Officers and Soldiers among themfelves, and to 
' withdraw feveral Parts of the Army from their 

* Duty and Obedience to the General's Orders, 

* and that in Things moft neceflary for the Safety 
4 of the Army and Kingdom. 

4 And thus, while they cauflefly cry out againft 

* Breach of Engagements, and dividing the Ar- 

* my, they themfelves have made, or endeavoured 

* to make, the greateft Breaches of their Engage- 

* ments, and greateft Dividing of the Army that 

* can be ; a Dividing moft truly contrary to the 
4 Engagement ; a Dividing which is as bad and 
4 deftrudlive as Difbanding ; even the Diflblution 

* of all that Order, Combination, and Govern- 

* ment, which is the EfTence of an Army ; and, 

* under falfe and delufive Pretences that the En- 

Y 3 ' gagements 

342 'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. c gagcments have been broken, they have endea- 
1647. ' voured really to loofen and draw the Army ofF 

* vr - ' from its former Engagements, and to draw it 

November. j nto new Engagements, different from, and, in 
4 fome Things, deftrucYive to, the former ; and 

* have thus endangered the greateft Forfeiture of 
' the Faith and Honour of the Army that ever it 

* incurred, 

' And whilft they cry out there is nothing done, 

* they themfelves have made the greateft Obftruc- 

* tjons to the doing of any Good to the Army or 
' Kingdom, both in the Hinderance and Delays to 
' our Proceedings, and the Expence of Time 

* which their Workings have occafioned, either 

* to have fatisfied them if it had been poflible, 

* or elfe to falve and quiet thefe Difcontents and 
' Diftradtions which they have raifed in the Ar- 

* my ; and alfo by the Occafions which the Par- 

* liament and Kingdom, yea even our beft Friends 
' in both, have thus received, to difcourage them 

* from Compliance with, or Confidence in, an 
' Army fo uncertain, fo unfettled, fo divided. 

' For thefe Caufes the General hath thought fit 
c to rendezvous the Army, or fuch Parts of it as 

* are not fixed upon neceftary Duty elfewhere ; and 

* having:, with the Advice of his general Council, 
c fent to. the Parliament more importunately than 
before, for fpeedy Satisfaction to the Army in their 
' juft Defires, efpecially in Points of Provifion, for 

* conftant Pay to avoid free Quarter, and of Se- 

* curity for Arrears, thought it beft, with the fame 

* Advice, to difmifs m,oft of the Officers and Agi- 
' tators from the Head-Quarters for a Fortnight 
c unto their refpective Regiments, to fatisfy and 
c compofe thofe Difcontents and Divifions which 

* have been thus raifed in them ; and for Eafe to 
' the Country and Accommodation to the Soldiery, 
< with refpeft to the Seafon of the Year, have 

* thought fit to contract the Quarters of the Army 

* in three Brigades, and to draw them to three 
5 feveral Rendezvoufes, not far from each other, 

' and 

^ENGLAND. 343 

c and this in order to one general Rendezvous, if An. 23 Car. I. 
' there (hould be any Occafion ; and in this the t * 6 * 7 ' t 
' feveral Regiments of Horfe and Foot have been November,, 
' appointed to conftant Quarters in order to thofe 
e feveral Rendezvoufes, taking them dire&ly in 
e order as their feveral Quarters lay before, without 

* any other Refpeft or Confideration j but even 
^ thefe Things the pretended Agents and their Af- 

* fociates have laboured to pervert, and make Ad- 

* vantage of to the aforefaid Ends of Difcontent 
c and Diffraction, and to reprefent the fame to 

* the feveral Regiments, as done in Purfuance of 
' the fame treacherous Councils and Defigns which 

* they had before fuggefted j and what Good they 
' could not deny to be in the Things, they aflumc 
1 to. themfelves as gained by their Procurement, 
' and fo greedily catch at the fole Credit of it, as 
' if the General and his Council (but for them) had 
< not done it ^ and, by Letters or Meflages contra- 

* dieting the General's Orders, they have, under 

* fuch fcandalous Pretences, laboured to draw di- 

* Regiments from the Quarters and Rendez- 
<- vous to which they were ordered unto the firft 
' Rendezvous near ifare^ in a diforderly and con- 

* fufed Manner, to the Oppreffion of the Country 
' and Difaccommodation (if not Quarrelling and 
' Diftra&ion of the Soldiery) in quartering. 

' That, without Redrefs of thefe Abufes and 

* Diforders, his Excellency cannot, nor will, any 

* longer undergo or undertake further to discharge 
' his prefent Truft to the Parliament, the Army 
' and Kingdom : And tho' he is far above any fuch 
e low Thoughts as to court or woo the Army to 
' continue him their General v yet, to difcharge 

* himfelf to the utmoft, and to bring the Bufmefs to 
' a certain and clear ifTue, his Excellency doth now 
' declare, That he is yet willing to adhere to, and to 
' conduct, and live and die with, the Army, in the 

* lawful Profecution of thefe Things following : 

Flrjl for -the Soldiery: i. ' To obtain prefent 
' Provifion for conftant Pay, while continued, to 
4 enable them to difcharge Quarters. 

Y 4 2. The 

'The Parliamentary HISTORY 

2. * The prefent ftating of Accounts, and Se- 
* curity for Arrears ; with an effectual and fpeedy 
jJpvember. * Courfe to raife Monies thereupon. 

3. ' Sufficient Indemnity, and Commiflioners in 
every County for that Purpofe. 

4. * Provifion for maimed Soldiers, and the 
Widows and Orphans of Men {lain in the Ser- 
' vice ; and that in a certain and more honourable 
' Way, with Commiffioners in every County for 
? that Purpofe. 

5. ' Provifion for Freedom from preffing, ac- 
cording to the firft Petition of the Army. 

6. ' Provifion for Freedom of Apprentices that 

* have ierved in this War, with the Penalty upon 

* Mafters refufing to give it. 

* Secondly^ For the Kingdom : A Period to be 
' fet for this prefent Parliament, to end fo foon as 
' may be with Safety ; and Provifion thereunto to 

* be made for future Parliaments, for the Certainty 
of their Meeting, Sitting, and Ending, and for 

* the Freedom and Equality of Elections thereto ; 

* to render the Houfe of Commons, as near as may 
be, an equal Reprefentative of the People that 

* are to cleft. 

' And, according to the Reprefentation of the 

* Army of June I4th, to leave other Things to, 

* and acquiefce in, the Peterminations of the Par- 
' liament ; but to remind the Parliament of, and 
' mediate with them for, Redrefs of the common 

* Grievances of the People, and all other Things 

* that the Army have declared their Defires for. 

* That upon his Excellency's continued Con- 

* junction in thefe Things, he expe&s that, for 

* the particular Circumftances of them, the Army 
^ (hall, according to their aforefaid firft Engage- 

* rricnt, acquiefce in what fhall be agreed unto 
' by the General Council of the Army, to which 

* that Engagement refers ; and for the Matter of 

* Ordering, Conduct, and Government of the Ar- 
' my, that every Member of it fhall be obfervant of, 
' and fubjeft to, his Excellency, his Council of War, 

* and every one to his fuperior Oncers, according 

* to 

$f ENGLAND. 345 

' to the Difcipline of War ; for Afiurance where- An. 23 Car. I. 

' of he expels that as many as are farisfied here- ^ ' 

' with, and agree hereunto, do feverally fubfcribe November. 

* to what is here under-written for that Purpofe. 

We the Officers and Soldiers of Regiment 

of , ivhofe Names are hereunto fubfcribed, 

do hereby declare that we are fatisfied in his Excel- 
lency the General's continued Conjunction "with tbe Ar- 
my, in the lawful Profecution of the Things hereto- 
fore declared to be prosecuted for the Soldiery and 
Kingdom refpettively j and, for the particular Cir- 
cumjlances of them, we Jhall, according to the general 
Engagement of the Army above-mentioned, acquiefce 
in what Jhall be agreed unto by the General Council 
of the Army, to which that Engagement refers ; and 
for the Matter of Ordering, Conducl, and Govern- 
ment of the Army, we Jhall be obfervant of, and 
Jubjeft to, his Excellency and his Council of War, 
and every one of us to our fuperior Officers in this 
Regiment and the Army, according to the Difcipline of 

Signed by the Appointment of his Excellency 
Sir Thomas Fairfax and his Council of War, 
JO. RUSHWORTH, Secretary. 

This Remonftrance was ordered to be fent down 
to the Commons. 

The Lords received another Letter from CoL 
Hammond, directed to their Speaker; 

From the Cajlle of Carifbrook, 
My Lord, Nov. 16, 1647. 

* OlNCE my laft, which gave your Lordftiip Another Letter 

* O an Account of his Majefty's being in this from Col. Ham. 
'Ifland, I have had a Meeting with the Gentry 

* thereof, who have exprefled a great deal of Chear- 

* fulnefs in their Defires and Endeavours of pre- 

* ferving his Majefty's Perfon, and their Obedience 

* unto the Authority of Parliament. 

' I have 

3 4 6 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n> 2 i 3 6 C 7 ar ' L ' * have al * ' ven Orders, which are diligently 

f '_ ' . 4 obferved, that no Perfons go out of the Ifland 

November. * without a Pafs ; and that no Boat bring over any 

' Perfon whatfoever, not belonging to this Ifland, 

* but whom they caufe to be brought to me to be 
4 examined ; that I may thereby be the better able 
4 to preferve the King's Per/on in Security, as alfo 
4 to prevent the Confluence of People that other- 

* wife, upon the Occafion of his Majefty's Pre- 
' fence, would flock hither, to the Difturbance of 
4 the Peace of this Tfland ; which at prefent, thro* 
4 the Blefling of God, is in a quiet and peaceable 

* Pofture, having earneft Expectations upon the 
4 Continuance of their Peace, by a general Settle- 
' ment of the Peace of the Kingdom ; for Convey- 
4 ance of which unto them, they look at your 
4 Lordfhips as the blefled Inftruments. 

' My Lord, give me Leave to acquaint you 
4 that the Accommodations of the King, at this 

* Time, are no ways fuitable to his Quality ; which 

* makes me bold to offer to your Lordfhips, if it 

* be thought fit, that his ufual Allowance may be 
4 continued to him for his better Provifion whilft 

* he (hall abide in this Place. 

4 I fhall not further trouble your Lordfhip, than 
4 to aflure you, that in all things in my Power, 

* which may exprefs my Duty to you and the King- 

* dom, I fhall ftudy to declare myfelf, 

My Lord, 
Tour Lordjhip's and the Kingdom's 

rnojl humble and faithful Servant, 


A Letter, or MefTage, from the King came at 
the fame Time with the former, but the Confidera- 
tion of it was deferred to the next Day. And it 
was then only ordered to be fent down to the 
Commons, and afterwards, by a Committee, to 


of E N G L A N D. 347 

be communicated to t,he Scots Commiifioners ac- An. 23 Car. 
cording to the Direction of it. L l647 ' 

This Meflage from the King is not entered in November, 
the Journals; a Slight put upon his Majefty of 
which we have not hitherto found an Inftance. It 
is however printed in Royjlons Edition of the King's 
Works, (from which Authority we give it) and 
alfo in Mr. Ru/bworth's Co/legions. But we find 
nothing done upon it in either Houfe. 

To the SPEAKER of the Houfe of PEERS pro 
Tempore, to be communicated to the two Houfes 
of Parliament at Weftminfter, and to the Com- 
miflioners of the Parliament of Scotland. 

From the IJle of Wight ^ Nov. 17, 1647. 


7JT/5 Majefty is confident that, before this Time, HisMajefty's 
** his two Houfes of Parliament have received the Meffage from 
MeJJage which he left behind him at Hampton-Court wight*. 
the eleventh of this Month ; by which they will have 
underjlood the Reafons tuhith enforced him to go from 
thence, as likewife his conjlant Endeavours for the 
fettling of a fafe and well-grounded Peace wherefo- 
ever he Jhould be ; and being now in a Place where 
he conceives bimfe/f to be at much more Freedom and 
Security than formerly, he thinks it necej/ary (not only 
for making good of his own Profejfions, but alfo for 
the fpeedy procuring of a Peace in thefe languijhing 
and dijlrejjed Kingdoms) at this Time to offer fuch 
Grounds to his two Houfes for that hffett, which, 
upon due Examination of all Interejis, may bejl con- 
duce thereunto. 

And bccaufe Religion is the be ft and chiefeji Foun- 
dation of Peace, his Majefty will begin with that Pa- 

That for the abolijhing Archbijhops^ Bifhops^ &c. 
his Majcjty clearly profejj'eth that he cannot give his 
Confent thereunto, both in relation as he is a Chri- 
fiian and a King : For the firjl, he avows that he is 
fatisfied in his Judgment that this Order was placed 

348 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *3 Car< *' in the Church by the Apoftles themfelves ; and, ever 
'647- fmce their Time, hath continued in all Chriftian 
' v Churches throughout the World, until this loft Cen- 

tury of Years ; and in this Church, in all Times of 
Change and Reformation, it hath been upheld by the 
Wifdcm of his Anceftors, as the great Preferver of 
Doflrine, Difcipline, and Order, in the Service of 
God. As a King) at his Coronation, he hath not only 
taken a folemn Oath to maintain this Order, but his 
Majefty and his PredeceJJbrs, in their Confirmations 
cf the Great Charter ', have infeparably -woven the 
Rights of the Church into the Liberties of the reft 
of the Subjefts ; and yet he is willing it be provided 
that the particular Bijhops perform the fever al Duties 
cf their Callings, both by their perfonal Rejidence 
and frequent Preaching in their Diocefes, as alfo, 
that they exercife no Aft of Jurifdifiion or Ordi- 
nation, without the Confent of their Prejhyters ; and 
will confent that their Poivers in all Things be fo 
limited, that they be not grievous to tender ConJ'ciences : 
[Wherefore fmce his Majefty is willing to give 
Eafe to the Confciences of others] (d) he fees no 
Reafon why he alone, and thofe of his Judgment, 
Jhould be prejjed to a Violation of theirs. Nor can 
his Majefty confent to the Alienation of Church Lands, 
becaufe it cannot be denied to be a Sin of the higheft 
Sacrilege ; as alfo, that it fubverts the Intentions of 
fo many pious Donors, who have laid a heavy Curfe 
upon all futh prophane Violations, which his Majefty 
is very unwilling to undergo ; and befides the Matter 
of Confciente, his Majefty believes it to be a Preju- 
dice to the Public Good, many of his Subjefls having 
the Btnefit of renewing Leafes at much eafeer Rates, 
than if thofe Pojffefftons were in the Hands of private 
Men ; not omitting the Difcouragement which it will 
be to all Learning and Induftry, when fuch eminent 
Rewards Jhall be taken away, which now lie open to 
the Children of the meaneft Per fans. 

Yet his Majefty, confidering 'the great prefent Dif- 
tempers concerning Church Difcipline, and that the 


(f) Thi* Paflage is omitted in Mr. RvfiwrtL's Ctlltllitnt, 

of E N G L A N D. 349 

Prefbytertan Government is now in Practice ; his Ma- A *3 Car. i. 
jejly, to efchew Confufton as much as may be, and t * r ' ' , 
for the Satisfaction of his two Houfes, is content November. 
that the fame Government be legally permitted to 
ftand, in the fame Condition it now is, for three. 
Years : Provided, that his Majejly and thofc of his 
Judgment (or any other who cannot in Confdence 
fubmit thereunto) be not obliged to comply with the 
Prejbyterian Government, but have free Practice of 
their own Profejfion, without receiving any Preju- 
dice thereby ; and that a free Confultation and De- 
bate be had with the Divines at Weftminfter, (twenty 
of his Majejly' s Nomination being added unto them) 
whereby it may be determined by his Majejly and the 
two Houfes, how the Church-Government after the 
faid Time jhatt be fettled, (or fooner, if Differences 
may be agreed) as is mojl agreeable to the Word of 
God; with full Liberty to all thofe who Jhall differ ^ 
upon confcientious Grounds, from that Settlement; 
always provided, that nothing aforefaid be under- 
flood to tolerate thofe of the Popi/h ProfeJJion^ nor 
the exempting of any Popi/h Recufant from the Pe- 
nalties of the Laws, or to tolerate the public Pro* 
fejffion of Atheifm or Blafphemy, contrary to the 
Doclrine of the Apojlles, Nicene and Athanaflan 
Creeds ; they having been received by, and had in 
Reverence of, all the Chrijlian Churches, and more 
particularly by this of England, ever fince the Refor- 

Next, the Militia being that Right, which is in- 
feparably and undoubtedly inherent in the Crown, 
by the Laws of this Nation, and that which former 
Parliaments, as likewife this, have acknowledged fo 
to be ; his Majejly cannot fo much wrong that Truft 
which the Laws of God and this Land hath annexed 
to the Crown, for the Protection and Security of his 
People, as to divejt himfelf and Succejfirs of the 
Power of the Sword ; yet to give an infallible Evi- 
dence of his Defire to fecure the Performance of 
fuch Agreements as Jhall be made in order to a Peace, 
h'u Majejly will confent to an -Aft of Parliament^ that 
2 the 

35 ^be P&rliamentary HISTORY 

An - *1 Car. I. fa w hole Power of the Militia, both by Sea arid 

v ^J , Land, for and during hii whole Reign, fhall be or- 

November. dered ar.d difpofed by bis two Houfes of Parliament^ 
or by fuck Perfons as they Jhall appoint, with Powers 
limited for fupprejfmg of Forces within this King- 
dom, to the Diflurkan.ce of the puhlit Peace, and 
again/1 foreign Invafion ; and that they jball have 
Power, during his f aid Reign, to raife Money for the 
Purpofes a f ore fend \ and that neither his Majejly 
that now is, or any other (by any Authority derived 
only from him) Jhall execute any of the faid P ewers 
during his Majefty's faid Reign, but fuch as Jhall 
afi by the Confent and Approbation of the two Houfes 
t>f Parliament ; neverthelefs his Maje/ly intends that 
all Patents, Commijfions, and other Acls concerning 
the Militia, be made and aied as formerly ; and that 
after his Majejly's Reign, all the Power of the Militia 
Jhall return entirely to the Crown, as it was in the 
Times of Queen Elizabeth and King James of bleffed 

After this Head of the Militia, the Confedera- 
tion of the Arrears due to the Army is not improper 
to follow ; for the Payment whereof, and the Eafe 
<jf his People, his Majejly is willing to concur in 
any Thing that can be done without the Violation of 
his Confcience and Honour : Wherefore, if his tws 
Houfes Jhall confent to remit unto him fuch Benefit 
out of Sequejlrations from Michaelmas lajl, and 
out of Compofttions that Jhall be made before the 
concluding of the Peace, and the Arrears of fuch as 
have been already made, the Affiftance of the Clergy, 
and the Arrears of fuch Rents of his own Revenue 
as his two Houfes Jhall not have received before the 
concluding of the Peace, his Maje/ly will undertake, 
within the Space of eighteen Months, the Payment 
of 400,000 1. for the Satisfaction of the Army : 
And if thofe Means Jhall not be Sufficient, his Ma- 
jejty intends to give way to the Sale of Forejl Lands 
for that Purpofe, this being the public Debt, which> 
in his Majcjly's Judgment, is firjl to be fatisjied ; 
and for other public Debts already contracted upon 


ef ENGLAND. 351 

Clnirch- Lands, or any other Engagement ,, his Ma- An 23 Car - r - 
jejly will give his Confent to fuch Aft or Afts for t I ^' _j 
raiftng of Monies for Payment thereof as both Houfes November. 
Jhall hereafter agree upon, fo as they lie equally laid, 
whereby his People (already too heavily burdened by 
thefe late Dijlcmpers] may have no more PreJJures 
upon them than this abfolute NeceJJity requires : And 
for the further fecuring all Fears, his Majejly will 
confent, that an Aft of Parliament be pajjed for the 
difpofing of the great Offices of State, and naming 
of Privy Counfellors, for the whole Term of his 
Reign, by the two Houfes of Parliament, their Pa- 
tents and CommiJJions being taken from his Majejly^ 
and after to return 'to the Crown, as is expreffed in 
'the Artifles of the Militia. For the Court of Ward* 
and Liveries, his Majefly very well knows the Con- 
fequence of taking that away, by turning of all 
Tenures into common Soccage, as well in Point of 
Revenue to the Crown, as in the Proteftion of many 
'of his Subjefls, being Infants : Neverthelefs, if the 
Continuance thereof feem grievous to his Subjeffs, rather 
than he will fail on his Part in giving Sutisfaftion, 
he will confent to an Aft for taking of it away, fo as 
a full Recompence be fettled upon his Majejly and his 
SucceJ/ors in Perpetuity, and that the Arrears now due 
be referved unto him towards the Payment of the 
Arrears of the Army. 

And that the Memory of thefe late Dijlraftions may 
be wholly wiped away, his Majejly will confent to an 
Aft of Parliament for the fupprejjing of and making 
null all Oa'hs, Declarations, and Proclamations againjl 
both or either Houfe of Parliament, and of all Indift- 
mcnts and other Proceedings againjl any Perfons for 
adhering unto them ; and his Majejly propofeth (as the 
left Expedient to take away all Seeds of future Dif- 
ferences] that there be an Aft of Oblivion to extend to 
ell his Subjects. 

As for Ireland ; the Ccjjation there is long fmce de- 
termined; but for the future, all other Things being 
fully agreed, his Majejly will give full Satisfaction to 
his Houfes concerning that Kn^Ttim. 


352 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. And although his Majefly cannot confent, in Ho- 
l6 *?' nour and Jujlice, to void all hi sown Grants and Aft s 
November. P a Jfid under his Great Seal fince the lid of May, 
1642, or to the confirming of all Atts and Grants 
paj/ed under that made by the two Houfes ; yet bis 
Majejly is confident that, upon Perufal of Parti- 
culars^ he Jhall give full Satisfaction to his two 
Houfes, to what may be reafonably defired in that Par- 

And now his Majejly conceives that, by thefe bis 
Offers, (which he is ready to make good upon the Set- 
tlement of a Peace) ht hath clearly manifefhd his In- 
tentions, to give full Security and Satisfaction to all 
Interejls, for what can juftly be defired in order to 
the future Happinefs of his People. And for the 
perfefting of the.fe ConccJJions, as alfo for fitch other 
Things as may be propofed by the two Houfes, and 
for fuch jujl and re afonable Demands as his Majejly 
Jhall find necejjary to propofe on his Part, he earnejlly 
defires a perfonal Treaty at London with his tw 
Houfes, in Honour, Freedom, and Safety ; it being, 
in his Judgment, the mojl proper, and indeed only, 
Means to a firm and fettled Peace, and impojffible 
without it to reconcile former, or avoid future, Mifun- 

All thefe Things being by Treaty perfected, his Ma- 
jefty believes his two Houfes will think it reafonable 
that the Propofals of the Army concerning the SucceJJion 
of Parliaments and their due Elections, Jhould be 
taken into Confederation. 

As for what concerns the Kingdom of Scotland, his 
Majefty will very readily apply himfelf to give all rea- 
fonable Satisfaction, when the Defires of the two 
Hnufes of Parliament on their Behalf, or of the Com- 
mijfioners of that Kingdom, or of both joined together, 
Jhall be made known unto him. 

Nov. 1 8. A Letter from the Scots Commiffioners 
was read, and ordered to be taken into Confidera- 
tion the next Morning. 



for the Right Honourable the & P E A K E R of the An. 7 3 Car. f. 
Hwfe of PEERS pro Tempore. J 647- 

Worce/ler-Hoitfc) Nov. 16, 1647. November. 
Right Honourable, 

Occafion ic fo often A Remonftrjnce 

\\7 ^ arC VCr y f rr y *k at Occafion ic fo often A Remonftrjn 
V . given to us to complain that we receive no from the Scots 
nfwer to the Papers delivered in by us to the 35!?S 

' Anf 

* Honourable Houfes, and that, in all Defires made Propoficions of 

* unto us, even in Matter of Common Intercft and P e ce > and ' n ~ 

* greateft Confequence, a fhort Time is limited and fonTrrreaty "" 

* peremptorily prefcribed unto us ; and we do ear- with the King, 

* neftly defire the Houfes to confider that it is not 

* according to the Cuftom which hath been formerly 

* obferved, nor is it the Way to continue good 
' Underftanding betwixt the Kingdoms. 

' Upon the 5th of this Inftant we wrote a Let- 
4 ter to both Koufes, to which we again defired an 
' Anfwer upon the nth, when the Proportions 
' were communicated unto us ; but we have yet 
received no Anfwer at all ; and hearing, upon the 
' 1 2th, that his Majefty was gone from Hampton- 

* Court) we did then defire to underftand from the 
' Honourable Houfes the Certainty thereof, con- 
' ceiving it very improper for us to take into Con- 
fideration the fending of Proportions unto his 
Majefty until we knew the Certainty of his De- 
parture from Hampton-Court , znd whither he 

* was gone. Yefternight late, and no fooner, we 
< received the Copy of a Letter from his Majefty, 
' dated at Hampton-Court the 1 1 th of this Inftant, 
' and directed to the Speaker of the Houfe of Peers, 

* to be communicated to the Lords and Commons 
in the Parliament of England^ and the .Commif- 

* fioners of the Parliament of Scotland* &c. but no 
Intimation is made unto us whither his Majefty is 
gone, in what Condition he is, or how any Addrefs 

* may be made unto him ; all which are moft ne- 
ceflary to be made known unto us before we can 
4 fay any thing of Propcfitions to be fent to the 

* King : Yet, neverthelefs, by Order from both 

VOL. XVI. Z * Houtes 

354 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. i. < Houfes, it is fignified unto us that they have fe- 

^_ | f 4 folvcd to fend Propofttions upon Monday next to 

November. ' n ' s Majefty, without allowing us any competent 
4 Time to confidcr of the fame ; tho* (as upon the 
4 fhort View that we have taken we do perceive^ 
4 there be very many and great Alterations and 
' Omiflions of, and Additions to, the former Pro- 
4 pofitions agreed on by both Kingdoms, and thofe 

* Alterations principally in Matters of joint Intereft. 

4 We have perufed his Majefty's Letter from 
4 Hampton Court, and do think that Terrors being 
4 fuggefted to him, and Dangers threatened to his 
4 Peribn, he had juft Caufe to look for his own 

* Safety and Prefervation ; and here \ve cannot but, 
4 with much Grief, regret his Majefty's hard Ufage, 
4 when we call to Mind how he was violently car- 
4 ried away from Holdenby by a Party of the Army, 
4 and is now forced to fly from amongft them for 

* Prefervation of his Life ; certainly the Houfes of 
4 Parliament cannot think but the Kingdom of 
4 Scotland is highly concerned in the Safety of his 
4 Majefty's Perfon, and in Duty bound to ufe their 

* beft Endeavours to prevent his Ruin ; and we 
4 alfo hope therein to have the Concurrence of the 
4 Honourable Houfes. 

4 It^s his Majefty's own Defire, in his late Mef- 
4 fage, that he may be heard with Freedom, Ho- 
4 nour, and Safety : We do therefore, according 
4 to our former Paper of the 5th of this Inftant, 
4 earneftly defire and infift that, after fo many va- 

* rious Tcffings up and down from Place to Place, 
4 to the great Hazard of his Perfon, and Retard- 
4 ment of his fettling of an happy Peace, his Ma- 
4 icfty may be invited to come to London with 

* Safety, Honour, and Freedom, and neither he 
4 nor his Parliament may be environed with Ar- 
4 mies ; to the end his Conceflions, and their 
4 Confultations, being voluntary and free, all Dif- 
4 ferences may be ended, and a perfonal Treaty 
4 with his Majefty may be had, which, in our Judg- 
4 ment, is the moft probable Way, with Hope of 

4 Succefs, 

^ ENGLAND. 355 

* Succefs, to fettle Religion and a laiting Peace. An. 23 Car. I. 
< We are t l6 * 7 ' . 

Tour Lordfiips bumble Servants, November. 



Nov. 20. Both Houfcs were now employed in 
nominating Sheriffs for the Year enfuing : A Cu- 
ftom they had annually kept for fome Years laft 
paft, ufurped from the Crown ; and they exer- 
cifed it with that Power and Authority as if they 
had done it for Ages, and that there was then no 
King in England. 

This Day a Letter came from the General to General Fairfax 
the Lords Committees of the Army, acqvtainting^"^ ^ ^ 
them, That he had ordered Col. Hcivfcn with city of London. 
IOOO Foot to march and quarter in the City; if 
they did not fpeedily raife the Arrears due to the 
Army. This Intelligence alarmed both Houfes ; 
and the City alfo being acquainted with it by 
their Orders, fet about raifms; their hiota of thefe 
Arrears, and by far the largeft, with no little Di- 

The fame Day a Letter was agreed on by both 
Houfes to be fen; to Sir Thomas Fairfax, in Anfwer 
to his of the I5th Inftant from Hertford, with 
a proper Hint at the End of it relating to the laft 
Piece of Intelligence. The Letter was in thefe 
Words : 


I Am commanded, by the Lords in Parliament, A Letter of 
to return you Thanks for the great Care and Thanks to him 
Faithfulnefs you have exprefled by the feafonable^ l | '*" 
Suppreffion of thofe mutinous Perfons, whofe prefling the lute 
fadtioas Defigns might probably have deftroyed Mutini 
the good Difcipline of the Army, and likewife Arm>< 
endangered the Safety of the Parliament, with 
the H.izard of the Subveruon of the Fundamental 
Government of this Kingdom, They are well 
Z 2 pleafed 

356 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 43 Car. I. < pleafed that fomc Juftice hath been done upon 

^__ f * thofe that appeared in Oppofition to you ; and 

November ' they defire you (till to continue your Care to the 
' further Execution of exemplary Puifhment upon 

* thofe who have, or fhall, endeavour to raife Mu- 
' tinies, and fadlioufly to fubvert the orderly Regu- 
' lation of the Army ; and they fhall be ready to 

* improve their Intereft for Satisfaction in thofe 

* Things that may tend to the Prefervation of the 
4 Order and Quiet of the Army j in order to which 

* they have recommended to the Houfe of Com- 

* mons that fpeedy Courfe may be taken for the 
' fatisfying of the Arrears of the Army, and for 

* fuch a Settlement of Pay for the future, that the 
' Kingdom may not continue under the Burthen 

* of free Quarter, nor the Soldiers be put to Shifts. 

* This 'is that which I have in Command as 

Tour Excellency 's Friend, and Servant. 

Nov. 22. Another Letter from the General was 

For the Right Honourable the Earl of MANCHESTER, 
Speaker of the Houfe of PEERS pro Tempore. 

My Lord, Windfor, Nov. 21, 1647. 

His Letter tothe < T}Y the fame Meffenger that brings Letters to 
SuaHy fee" ' -*-* >' our Lordfhip and the Speaker of the Houfe 
ring the king's * of Commons from Col. Hammond, I received 
Perfon in the Ifle ( another from him, by which I perceive he hath 
^ * not as yet fent up thofe Gentlemen that came to 

* him from rhe King, and were fent for by the 

* Parliament. I do not know how far this Letter 

* to yourfelf, or the Speaker of the Houfe of Com- 

* mons, may concern that Bufmefs, nor what Sa- 

* tisfaclion they may give the Houfes therein ; and 

* therefore I have written unto him to fend up the 

* Gentlemen with all convenient Speed, which I 

* am confident he will accordingly do ; unlefs the 

* Houfes find fuch Satisfaction in his Letters as to 
' fignify their Pleafure to him fgr their Stay. 


ef ENGLAND. 357 

< The King's being in the Ifle of Wight (whilft An. 23 Car. I. 
the Houfes think fit he fhould be continued there) l64 _ 7 ' 
will neceffarily require fome Strength to be fcnt November. 
over to Col. Hammond, both for the better fecu- 
ring the King's Perfon, and for ftrengthening the 
Ifland, to prevent any Confluence of fuch Per- 
fons there as may breed Danger to the King- 
dom ; for which, in my Opinion, the Ifland, 
and the King's being in it, yield too great Op- 
portunity, if not prevented by a fufficient Strength 
to fecure the Caftles and landing Places therein. 

' I remain 

Your Lor drip's mojl humble Servant ', 


The Letter from Col. Hammond, directed to the 
Speaker of the Houfe of Lords, was next read. 

CariJbrook-Caftle, Nov. 19, 1647. 
My Lord, 
' '"I""* HIS Morning I received, by the Hands of Another from 

' JL a MefTenger from the General, a Paper of CoL , Hammon ^ 
, TT- j T> r i r L i_ TT r r rT i- on the fame Sub- 

' Votes and Refolutions of both Houfes of Parha-j e a. 

e ment, bearing Date Die Martis, Nov. 16, 1647, 
' relating to the Security of his Majefty's Perfon ; 
' which although they came not to me with Direc- 

* tions from the Houfes, yet I thought it my Duty 
' to take Notice of them, by what Hand foever re- 

* ceived, as their Commands, and accordingly to 

* fee them put in Execution. 

' As concerning that Vote, not permitting fuch 
as have been in Arms, or afiifted againft the Par- 
' liament, to come into this Ifland, it tending 
' much to the Security of his Majefty's Perfon, 
' and the preferving the. Peace of this Ifland ; I 
' have, as I acquainted your Lordmips in my lad 

* Letter, before I received thefe Votes, given Or- 
' ders to that Efret, which are carefully put in 
' Execution ; commanding all Mailers of Boats 
c belonging to Hampjhire and this Ifland, that they 

* land neither Perfons nor Goods in any Part -of 

Z 3 this 

3 5 8 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. zj Car. I.* this Ifland, fave only Yarmoulb-CoJlle^ Comes- 

l6 47- < Cajile, and /<&, at which Place I nave alfo ap- 

., ' pointed a Guard ; to whom Order is given, as to 

4 the ether two Caflles, for the examining of all 

* Pcrfons fo landing, and to detain and fecure any 
' that cannot give a very good Account of them- 
4 felves and their Bufinefs. 

c As concerning your Lordfhips other Votes, 
c now they are come to my Hands, I {hall, with 

* the beft of my Endeavours, fee them put in Exe- 

* cution. 

* My Lord, Ycfterday there came to me an Of- 
' ficer belonging to the Sergeant of the Houfe of 
4 Commons, with particular Warrants for the ap- 
4 prehending and bringing up in fafe Cuftody the 

* Perfons of Mr. John ^fnburnbam^ Mr. f William 
4 Legge, and Sir John Eerk/ey, who came hither with 
' the King. The faid Warrants required my Af- 
4 fiftance to him in the Execution of them, but 
' with no other to me from either or both Houfes 

* to that Purpofe : And finding the Matter to be 
4 of very great Importance, I have defired the Mef- 

* fenger to forbear the Execution of his faid War- 
4 rants till I have given the Houfes to underftand 
4 th; t, in cafe the faid Warrants {hould be ferved 
4 and put in Execution, it would be impoflible for 
4 me to anfwer the Expectations and Commands 
4 of Parliament, in preferving the Perfon of the 
4 King in Security, to be difpofed by them, unlefs 
4 I fliould keep him clofe Prifoner ; which is a Bu- 
4 finefs of that Nature, that it is neither fit nor fafe 
4 for me to do, efpecially for myfelf. 

4 The Grounds from whence I gather this are 
4 plainly thus : The King hath declared himfelf to 
4 me, That he came from Hampton-Court for no 
4 other C-iufe but for the Prefervation of his Per- 
4 fon ; which was, as he apprehended, in fuch 

* Danger, that he could not, with Safety, continue 
4 longer there : That, if he could have been there 
4 with Safety, he would not have parted thence, 
4 nor from the Army ; and that he chofe this Place 
4 rather than any other, when he was at Liberty 

* to 

^ENGLAND. 359 

* to have gone whither he pleafed, that he might An - *3 Car. I. 
4 ftill continue under the Protection of the Army, v j6 * 7 ; t 

4 myfelf beins; a Member thereof; and that he November. 

* might have Conveniency of free Intercourfe be- 

* tween himfelf and the Parliament for the Settle- 

* ment of a general Peace ; to which he profefles 

* greater Inclinations and Defires than ever, and 

* that there fh.ill be nothing wanting on his Part 

* that may be reafonabl / expected from him. 

* He further faith, That, in cafe thefe Gentle- 
4 men be taken from him, and punifhed as evil 
4 Doers, for counfelling him not to go out of the 
4 Kingdom, but rather to come to a Place where 
' he now is, for the Ends aforefaid, and for their 
4 endeavouring accordingly in attending him hi- 

* ther, he cannot but himfelf expect to be dealt with 
4 accordingly, his Cafe being the fame. 

4 My Lord, I (hall further let you know that, 
4 fcefides the Care I {hall always have of thefe Gen- 
4 tlemen, they have engaged their Honours not to 
4 depart from me, fo that I am moft confident of 

* their Security. And truly, were not their Ends 
4 the fame with their Pretences in relation to the 
4 Peace of this Kingdom, I am confident they 

* would never have ad vi fed nor conducted the King 
4 to this Place. Befides, were they at this Time 
4 removed from the King, there would be none left 
4 for his Attendance j which befides the Offence, 
4 how great the Inconvenience would be to himj 
4 your Lordftiips cannot be ignorant. 

4 And" further give me Leave to add, if fo un- 
4 worthy a Servant of your Lordfhips as I am, and 

* that which concerns my Honour, were at all 
4 worthy your Confideration, whether it would not 
4 mnch refle6t upon me, in Cafe thefe Gentlemen 
4 fhould be thus removed from hence ? The King 

* and themfelves have freely thrown themfelves 

* upon me for Safety ; upon Confidence, as they 
4 pleafe to fay, of my Honour and Honefty, and 

* the Satisfaction they expedt it would have given 
4 the Parliament, the King being neceifitated to 

* re'move. 

Z 4 * My 


An. 23 Car. I. 



The Parliamentary HISTORY 

t jyry. L or( ^ my Duty to you and the Kingdom, 
whofe Good and Peace I moft defire, and (hall 
moft faithfully endeavour, calls for this Account ; 
which, with niyfelf and thefe Gentlemen, I leave 
to your Lordfhip's Confidcration ; with this Con- 
clufion, That whatever is commanded by Autho- 
rity, efpecially that of the Parliament, though 
never fo contrary to my Senle or Honour, (hall 
never be difobeyed by, 


Tour Lord/hip's moft faithful 

and humble Servant, 

P. S. * Since the Conclufion of my Letter, I 

* received the Letter and Votes of both Houfes, of 
< the 1 6th prefent, which {hall be carefully put in 

* Execution.' 

The Scots Commiflioners had not given their 
miffioncr* refe Aflent yet to the Propofitions to be fent to the 
their Affent to Kine, on account of the Houfes not giving them 
fitiow any Satisfaction, in regard of the Indignities and 
Affronts they had complained of, The Lords, 
therefore, this Day, took their Letter of the i6th 
Inftant into Confederation ; and, after Debate, ap- 
pointed a Committee to draw up an Anfwer to it, 
according to the Senfe of that Houfe. Soon after 
t'lis Anfwer was read and approved of, and was or- 
dered to be fent down to the Commons for their 

NOV. 25. The Scots ftill refufing to give their 
Confent to the Propofitions, a Committee of Lords 
and Commons were fent to prefs them to it ; this 
Pay it was reported to the Lords, from that Com- 
mittee, that they had been with the Scots Com- 
miflioners, and had received, for Anfwer, the fol- 
lowing Paper : 


*f ENGLAND. 361 

WE are commanded by the Committee of An. - 3 Car- 
Eftates of the Parliament of Scotland, ^ -^ 
to prefs an Anfwer to our former Papers which Noveniber% 
we have daily expected ; and do again, with all 
Earneftnefs, defire a Perfonal Treaty with his Ma- TheReifons 
jefty, it being, in our Judgments, a readier Way for fo doing. 
to compofe all Differences, than the fending of 
thefe Propofitions, wherein there are fuch great 
and eflential Differences from what was formerly 
agreed on by both Kingdoms. And, to the end 
there may be no Retardment on our Part, for 
Purfuance of all good Means which may procure 
a happy Peace, we defire that we may have a free 
Conference with a full Committee of both Houfes, 
where we mall endeavour to" give Satisfaction of 
the Expediency of qur Defires : And {hall alfo 
fhew the Difference of our Judgments from thefe 
Propofitions, that, acccording to the Treaty, there 
may be, with Advice and Content of both Nations, 
a fpeedy Agreement in that which is the Founda- 
tion of fettling Religion, with the Peace and Safety 
of both Kingdoms'. 

The Lords did not then give any Anfwer to this 
Pvcmonftrance, but appointed a Committee to con- 
itder of fuch Propofitions to be fent to the King as 
they conceived to be abfolutely neceflary for their 
prefent Security. 

The fame Day the Lords fent the following 
MefTage to the Houfe of Commons : ' That they, 
having ferioufly confidered the Dangers and Mif- 
chiefs that may be brought upon the Kingdom by 
the Endeavours of thofe Agents that have former- 
ly and ftill do continue to ufe their Intereft for the 
fubverting of tiie prefent eftablifhed Government 
of the Kingdom, do defire that the Committee 
formerly appointed for the Examination of that 
Bufmefs, may have Power to frame a Declara- 
tion, fetting forth the dangerous Confequences 
that may come to the whole Kingdom, if not 
prevented : And likewife to put them into a Way 

4 for 

362 ffje Parliament dry H I s T 9- R Y 

An. 21 Car. I. for a prefent Puniftiment and Suppreflion of fuch 
l6 * 7 ' Perfons, or writing of Books, or procuring Sub- 
November. ' fcriptions to Petitions, or be any other Way active 

in promoting fo deftrutive a Defign.' 

The Lords re- The Report from the Committee what Propofi- 
/olve upon four tions were now abfolutely ncceflary for pt efent Se- 
JSJSSriS'cuK^; was, That they think the Propofitions for 
to be offered to the Militia, with thofe for the King's Declarations, 
the Kfog. a s alfo that Proportion concerning Titles and Hon- 
ours, with another about Power to adjourn this 
Parliament as both Houfes fhould agree, may be 
moft neceffary to infift upon. Thefe being approved 
on by the Houfe, the Lords thought fit to have a 
Conference, the next Day, with the Commons, to 
acquaint them with thefe Matters, and give them, 
Reafons for fo doing. 

Accordingly the next Day, Nov. 26, a Confe- 
rence was held between the two Houfes, at which 
the Lords offered the following Reafons : 

' That the King having fo often defired to be 
heard, and the Commiffioners of Scotland fo often 
prefling for a Perfonal Treaty, the Kingdom alfo 
long expecting to be freed of their great Preffures 
and Burthens, by fome fpeedy Settlement of the 
Government ; they defired that the two Houfes 
might do that which fhould difcharge their Duty, 
in refpecl of the Safety of both Kingdom and Par- 
liament, and yet not refufe to hear the King in 
fuch Things as might be fubje&ed unto Debate. 
The Lords therefore propofed four Propofitions, 
which they then offered, as moft immediately con- 
cerning the Safety and Security of the Kingdom 
and Parliament, which being put into Bills, the 
King might be defired to give his Royal Affent to ; 
And a Perfonal and this being done accordingly, they did next con- 
Treaty for the C cive it to be the moft fatisfactory Way, and what 
reft * W as moft likely to produce a fpeedy Settlement 

of the prefent Diftractions for the Houfes to ad- 
mit of a Perfonal Treaty upon the reft of the Pro- 

^"ENGLAND. 363 

Nov. 27. There was no Report made of the An. 23 Car. I. 
Refult of this Conference, nor are the four Propofi- l6 *7- 
tions v^t entered in the Lords Journals \ but in thofe ^ V 7 

/ ~> . rr ' . November. 

of the Commons they are, viz. I hat concerning 
the Militia : For recalling the King's Oaths and 
Declarations : Concerning the Peers made fmce the To which the 
Seals was fuffcptitioufly carried away by the then Commons a s rce 
Lord- Keeper Littleton ; and that the Houfes (hould 
h:ive Power to adjourn to what Place they fhall 
think fit. Which being put to the Queftion, 
Whether to agree with the Lords in their Defires 
concerning thefe four Propofitions ? it was carried 
in the Affirmative by 115 againft 106. They 
were afterwards ordered to be put into Bills ac- 

Nov.. 29. Very little Notice being yet taken in 
either of 'the Journals, of the Impeachment of the 
feven Lords by the Commons, it feems as if that 
Houfewere not able to fupport their Charge againft 
them ; for, on this Pay, we meet with the follow- 
ing Entry by the Lords : 

' Whereas a general Impeachment hath been 
brought by the Houfe of Commons againft Theo- J"^ the Co'm- 
' philis Earl of Lincoln, James Earl of Middlefex^ mnns >o haften 
< James Earl of Suffolk, George Lord Berkley, Francis their Prowedinp 

T i urs'ii 77 .f* 7 r j TT rj j 7T/~ir againft the feven 

4 Lord Wittougbby, John Lord Hunjdon, and Ivtlham impeached Peers, 

* Lord Maynard ; and a Day appointed by the 

* Lords, at the Defire of the faid Houfe of Com- 

* mons, to profecute their Impeachment : That 

* Day being now paft above a Month, and nothing 
' being done in the further Profecution of the faid 

* Impeachment, the Lords confidering the danger- 
' ous Confequence of keeping the faid Peers under 
' Reftraint for fo many Weeks, without any legal 

* Proceeding againft them, do order, that if the 

* Houfe of Commons fhall not profecute their Im- 
' peachment againft the aforefaid Lords, by Friday 

* next, (3 prox.} then their Lordfhips will do there- 

* in according to the uiual Courfe and Proceedings 

* of Parliament.' 



A Petition from 
the City of Lon- 
don againft Free 
Quarter, the Al- 
terations in their 
Militia, and o- 
ther Grievances. 

Te Parliamentary HISTORY 

To end this Month. Mr. JMitlocke, (a] obfer- 
ving upon the great Diffractions of thcfe Times*, 
makes this Reflection : That, in thefe PafTages, 
Notice might he taken of the ftrange Workings 
of God, and of the perplexed Condition the Par- 
liament was then in. The Army, whom they had 
raifed, paid, arid commiflioned, now mutinying a- 
gainft them ; r.nd with their Swords in their Hands, 
controuling and oppofing their Principals and Ma- 
tters. The City, their old Friends, joint Actors and 
conftant Affiftants of the Parliament with their Lives 
and Fortunes, becoming full of Sedition and Averfe- 
nefs towards them ; questioning their Integrity, re- 
proaching and feeking to caft them oft.' The 

Truth of this Remark has been much fhewn by 
former Tranfa&ions, and will not be lefs fo by thofe 
that are to come. 

December i . A Petition from the City of Lon- 
don was prefented by Sheriff jfvery and others, and 
publickly read in their Prefence. 

To the Right Honourable the LORDS ajfimbled in the 
High Court of Parliament^ 

The HUMBLE PETITION of the Lord Mayor, Alder- 
men and Commons of the City of London, in Com- 
mon Council affembled, 


THAT your Petitioners do, with all Readi- 
nefs, acknowledge the High Court of Par- 
liament to be the Supreme Power and Judicatory 
of this Kingdom, conftituted for the Defence, and 
contrived for the Safety and Freedom, of this 
Nation ; unto whom all other Powers and Socie- 
ties of Men ought to fubmit, and, with their ut- 
moft Ability, to affift and fupport ; in whofe 
Well-being, and happy Progrefs, the peaceable 
and flourifning Condition of this Nation doth 
principally confift ; the Contempt and Overthrow 

4 of 

(a) Memeriah, p. l8j" 

tf ENGLAND. 365 

* of whofe Power and Authority cannot but be the An - 2 3 Car 

* woful Inlet to all Tyranny and Confufion, the t -* 7 '-v 

* People's Slavery, and the Law's Subverfion. December. 

fc And your Petitioners do, with all Thankful- 
c nefs, acknowledge and remember the unwearied 

* Pains, inceflant Labour and conftant Endeavours 

* of this prefent Parliament, in the common Caufe 

* of God and this Kingdom ; wherein (though the 
4 Enemies have been many and great, their Op- 
' portions ftrong, their Councils deep, and their 
< Difcouragements not a few) yet, thro' the good 
' Hand of God upon them, with the united Afiift- 
' ance of their Brethren of Scotland, and the well- 
' affe&ed People of this Kingdom, joined together 

* in a Solemn League and Covenant, whofe Lives 

* and Treafure, under God, became their Bulwark* 

* (among whom this City, hath been by you, often 
4 acknowledged to be Contributors to an ample 
' Share) your Enemies have been difperfed, their 

* Councils broken, your Endeavours crown'd with 
6 Honour, and your Armies reft fuccefsful. 

* And though the long-defired Fruits of Peace, 
' of Freedom and common Juftice, the eafing of 
' the People's Burdens, and the reforming of A- 
' bufes, have been much obftru&ed and retarded 
4 by the Neceflities of a long continued War, by 

* the fad Divisions amongft all Orders and Socie- 
' ties of Men in the Kingdom, and the Fears of ap- 
' parent Dangers and fudden Changes to arife 
4 thereby, yet when your Petitioners look upon 

* their Exemption from Monopolies, and other il- 
' legal Impofitions ; the Deliverances they have 

* had from the Power and Tyranny of the Prelates, 

* and their vexatious Courts ; the demolifhing of 

* the High Commiffion and Star-Chamber; the 

* unparallel'd Benefit and Freedom this Kingdom 

* now enjoys by the Removal of the Court of 

* Wards, whereby the Perfons, the Pofterities, 

* and Eftates of the Subjects were fo much incum- 
beted and enthralled ; all which by many are un- 

* gratefully forgotten, and caft out of Mind, and 

* which, therefgre, out of Duty, your Petitioners 

c * have 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Car. I. c j lave emboldened themfelvcs thus publickly to enu- 

. ' 47 ' j * merate : they cannot chufe but, with renewed 

December. ' Hopes, expe ere long to fee the Kingdom 

' flourishing, and their Troubles ended. 

' And when your Petitioners do confider how, 

* not many Months ago, the whole Kingdom 

* feemed to be reduced to the Obedience of the 

* Parliament ; their Brethren of Scotland returned 

* home with good Content ; the City replenimed 

* again with Inhabitants ; the Exchange of Money 

* with foreign Nations brought into a good Medi- 

* um ; Trade in a profperous Condition ; the Ex- 
c cife and Cuftoms increafmg thereby ; a Way of 

* Settlement agreed upon by the Parliaments of 

* both Nations; and all Things looking with a 

* Face of Quietnefs and fweet Compofure, they 
c cannot but, with Grief of Heart, remember the 

* unhappy Difagreement between the Parliament 

* and Army, and that late dangerous Engagement, 
' which as it was fet on Foot in or about this City 

* without their Knowledge or Confent, fo they do 

* utterly difavow and abhor it ; thofe many Dif- 

* contents and great Disturbances which accompa- 

* nied the fame, and followed thereupon, both to 
' Parliament and City ; thofe unparallel'd Out- 
6 rages and Affronts committed by Reformadoes, 
e and other tumultuous and difcontented Perfons, 

* upon both Houfes ; the Army advancing towards 

* the City ; the Common Council hurried into a 
Declaration, and into divers Military Prepara- 
' tions, intended by them for no other End but 

* the Safety of the Parliament and City: Where - 

* upon hath followed the free Quartering of the 
' Army about the City, which hath occafioned the 

* Dearnefs of Provifions, and given Opportunity to 
' evil-minded Perfons to foment Differences and 
c Difcontents, both in the City and Army; hath 

* caufed foreign Nations, and others, to call 
home and remove their Stocks to Parts beyond 
' the Seas, to the great Decay of Trade in this City 
c and Kingdom ; and, by the Difproportion of Ex- 

* change, the Kingdom is not only deprived of fo- 

* reign 

of E N G L A N D. 367 

* reign Bullion, but, thro' the Encouragement ta- An. 23 Car. 

* ken thereby, have their own Coin tranfported t l6 ^ 7 ' M 

* a way. December. 

' That your Petitioners are deeply fenfible of 

* the great Difpleafure of the Parliament towards 

* this City, manifcfted in limiting the Extent of 
' their Militia, taking away their Nominations of 

* the Perfons intrufted therewith, and of the Lieu- 

* tenancy of the Tower of London ; the guarding of 
' the Parliament and the Tower with Soldiers of 

* the Army ; the imprifoning of their Recorder 
' and feveral Aldermen, and other Members of 
4 this City. 

4 Wherefore your Petitioners humbly pray, 
' That the Honour, Power, and Privileges of Par- 

* liament may be, -by your Wifdom and Juftice, 

* inviolably preferved; that the Army may be fo 

* .provided for, that they may be enabled to remove 

* their Quarters to a further Diftance from the 

* City, whereby the Price of Provifions may be 
e abated, and Trade encouraged ; that free Quar- 
c ter may be prevented, and fupernumerary Forces 

* difbanded ; that a more vigorous Courfe may be 
< taken in fettling of the Peace and Government of 

* the Kingdom fo long defired ; that the Covenant 
may be fully obferved ; that all well-affe&ed Per- 

* fons that have adhered to the Parliament may be 
efFe&ually protected and defended ; that the 'Re- 
corder, Aldermen, and other Citizens, now im- 

* prifoned, (fo as it may ftand with the Honour and 
' Wifdom of Parliament) may be enlarged, which 

* your Petitioners mail efteem great Favours to this 

* City ; and that all the late unhappy Proceedings, 
4 as to this City and Members thereof, may be for- 
' gotten and and obliterated ; that your Petitioners 
' may enjoy the Splendor of your former Favours, 

* and be thereby enabled to be the more ferviceable 
' to the Prefervation of the Parliament and City, and 

* reuniting of all that are well-afFe&ed thereunto, 

* which is their moft earneft and hearty Defires. 

And your Petitioners Jball pray ^ &c. 


23 Car 

v ' 

The Anfwer of 
the Houfe of 
Lords thereto. 

368 T/je Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. Then the Meflengers withdrew, and, after Con- 
fideration had, they were called in ; iind the Speaker, 
in the Name of the Houfe, returned to them this 
Anfwer : 

' The Lords have commanded me to let you 
6 know, that they return you Thanks for the Ac- 

* knowledgements you now make for the Benefits 

* received by this Parliament, and for the Care of 

* the Honour and Privileges of Parliament as the 

* Supreme Court and Judica ory of this Kingdom, 

* together with thofe good Affections which are 
' very largely and feafonably expreffed by this your 
' Petition. They defire you to be affured that 
' they will improve their utmoft Endeavours for 
' eafmg the Burdens that lie upon the Kingdom, 

* for procuring a juft and fafe Peace ; neither will 

* they omit any Means that may rcfiorc the 
' City of London unto a flourifhing and happy Con- 

* dition, in refpect of Trade, as a Return of thofe 
' great and faithful Services that they have done to 
' the Parliament and Kingdom. As to thofe other 

* Particulars in the Petition, which relate to the 

* Power of this Houfe, they {hall take them into 
' their Confideration, and do therein what fhall be 

v * according to Honour and Juftice.' 

Dec. 2. The Commons fent up a Meffage to 
the Lords, defiring fome longer Time for bring- 
ing up the Articles of Impeachment againft the 
feven Lords, in regard of the urgent Bufinefs the 
Houfe of Commons had before them at that Time ; 
on which the Lords enlarged the Time for a Week 

^ Complaint being made to the Lords of a great 
Diforder committed laft Night in the Strand, fe- 
veral Soldiers making a Stop of all Coaches, and 
fuffering none to pafs unlefs they would drink 
the King's Health ; an Order was made for the 
Militia of London and Weftnnvfler to take Care 
to iupprefs fuch Riots, and to apprehend the Au- 
thors of them j alib ti^t the Lord Mayor, and 


^ENGLAND. 369 

Officers of IVeJlminjler fhould fufFer no Company An. 23 Car. I. 
in any Tavern or Alehoufe after Nine o'Clock at L l6 W' , 


The Houfe of Commons had feveral Petitions 
prefented to them, as the Supreme Authority <?/" Eng- 
land, which they had hitherto difcouraged ; and 
this Day another coming with the fame Direction, 
ftil'ed, Tfie humble Petition of many free-born People, 
fcfY. they refolved to give this Anfwer thereto, with- 
out any Addition or Alteration : ' That this Houfe 
doth declare, That it is the Right of the Sublet to 
petition ; and that it is the Right of the Parlia- 
ment to judge of fuch Petitions when they are pre- 
fented : That all Perfons are bound to acquiefce in 
the Judgment of the Parliament, upon Petitions 
prefented ; and that this Houfe doth expect the fame 
from the Petitioners.' 

Both Houfes adjourned to 

Dec. 7. Several Petitions from the County of petit;ons a a!nft 
Middlefex, and other neighbouring Counties where p*^ Quarter'. 
the Army chiefly laid,were prefented to both Houfes, 
complaining grievoufly of the heavy Burden they 
endured from free Quarter, and other Depredations 
of the Soldiers ; which, with great Taxes and Af- 
feffinents, made the Inhabitants almoft ready to 
fink under them. Both Houfes put them off with 
fair Speeches and Promifes ; knowing very well it 
was not in their Power to eafe them of their Burden. 

The fame Day Colonel Sir Hdrdrefs Waller, 
and Colonel IVhaley, prefented to the Houfe of 
Lords, and after to the Commons, a Remonftrance 
from the General and Council of War, and in re- 
gard, they faid, that the Bufmefs of it was con- 
cerning Money to fupply the Army, and the con- 
ftant fettling of their Pay, they did expert an An- 

Mr. Rujbwortb has abridged this Remonftrance 
to a fmgle Page : But fmce thefe Kind of Inftru- 
xnents are the moft authentic Hiftory of the Times, 
we are pcrfuaded our Readers would rather chufe 

VOL. XVI. A a to 

370 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An z-j Car. I. to fee it at large. Here then it follows in all its 
^ l6 * 7 ' , Prolixity. (l>) 

December. ^ J-f UMBLE REPRESENT AT10K from his Excellency 
Sir THOMAS FAIRFAX and the Council of the 
Army, concerning their paft Endeavours, and now 

final Deftres, for putting the Soldiery into conjlant 
Pay ; for 'immediately difburdening the Kingdom of 

free Quarter j the Prevention of any further In- 
creafe of Arrears ; and in order to the diflanding of 
Supernumeraries^ and other Things concerning the 

A Remonftnnee < Q I nce) by the Blefling of God, the Speakers 

g^SrSte ' ^ and Members of both Houfes (that had been 

and the Council ' driven away) were, without Blood, reftored, and 

of War, reqoi- c nave ^een ever fince fecured to fit and attend their 

&"f f the Ar! ' Duty in Parliament ; with what Patience God 

my. ' hath given us to wait for the Refolutions of thofe 

' Things we have infifted on or offered, tending to 

4 the future Security of the Parliament, the jufl 

* Satisfaction of the Soldiery, and the Eafe and 

* Settlement of the Kingdom, we need not ufe 
' many Words to fet forth ; the Expence of a- 

* bove four Months Time in quiet Expectation 

* thereof, with fo little Satisfaction, does fuffici- 
' ently fpeak. 

* As to what Fruit we have found in any thing 

* done to any of thefe Ends, we are forry we can 

* fay fo little thereof; or that we have Occafion to 
4 fay fo much of the Delay and Neglect of Obfer- 

* vation thereof, as we are now conftrained to do : 

* But whatever thefe Neglects or Delays have been, 

* or wherever the Fault hath been, we are fure the 

* Blame thereof hath been laid upon us almoft on 
c all Hands ; and this is the Fruit we have found, 
from the Hands of Men, of all our patient 
' Waiting hitherto. 

' It is not unknown what Reproaches and Scan- 
' dais of this Kind have been caft upon us and 

' what 

(I) From the original Edition, (printed for Gierge Whittingtsn in 
Cornhill and licenfed by Giihcrt Mabbot ) which correfponds exactly 
\vith the Copy enter'd in the Lords Jtitrnalt- 


c what tJfe and Advantage have been made of 

* thofe Delays, thereby to work upon the Irnpa-, 

e tience of the Soldiers and Country, to incenfe December. 
1 the Country againft the Army, and both the Ar- 

* my and Country againft us, as if it had been our 
' Fault alone that no more was done j and to what 
' an Height of Scandal and Difcontent againft us 

* the Pretence hereof was driven, or what defpe- 
s rate Endeavours have been thcreupoa made to 
5 withdraw the Soldiers from the Officers, (as having 
' betrayed, or fail'd and neglected both theirs and 
' the Kingdom's Intereft) to divide and diftemper 
c the Army$ and to engage both the Soldiery, and 
' many other well- afFedted People, under the fame 

* Notion and Pretence, in Ways of Diftra&ion and 

* Confufion : And as we accounted thefe of moft 

* imminent Danger both to the Parliament, City, 

* and Kingdom, we need not fpend much Time to 
' exprefs ; for we believe all that wifhed well to 

* the Public were fo deeply fenfible thereof as they 

* cannot fo fuddenly forget it ; and others, who had 

* any thing to lofe or hazard, though, perhaps 

* fo far as they had Hopes the Army might that 

* Way have deftroy'ed itfelf, they might have fome" 

* fecret Rejoicing at it, and may now be forry the 

* Bufmefs is fo we'll over without that Offer ; yea, 
4 fo far as they confidered the bottomlefs Depth 
' and endlefs Danger of it, they could not but be 

* affe&ed with it, -fo far as we need not mention 

* it, fave to mind Men of what Danger and Mif- 

* chief God hath therein delivered them from ; and 

* whence the greateft Advantage to the Rife and 

* Growth of it was, even from Delays and flow 
' Proceedings in thofe Things, which the long Ex- 

* peclation of the Soldiery and Kingdom have been 
' fet upon } and to obferve how apt both the Soi 

* diery and People, through tedious Delays in fuch 

* Cafes, are to hearken to any Part, and try any 

* new Way propofed under the Notion of more 

* fpeedy and effectual, though perhaps fo far from 

* real Remedy, as that indeed it endangers the ut- 

A a 2 * tcr 

$7 2 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. j Or. I. < ter Lofs of their End, with Ruin and Deftrudlion 

l6 * 7 ' , < to both. 

D.cei..ber. * To prevent the Progrefs of this growing Dan- 
' ger to all, we have lately expofed ourfelves to the 
' utmoft Hazard ; and being a&ed therein from 
' fome Clearnefs in our Conscience that the Fault 
' of thefe Delays lay not upon us, as was fcanda- 
' loufly fuggefted, and a Confidence in God that 

* he would appear to vindicate that Meafure of 
' Truth and Integrity he had given us in the 
*' Thing, though with many Failings and Mifcar- 

* riages on our Parts, we were led forth by him, 
' without any Artifice whereby to vindicate or ex- 

* cufe ourfelves, nakedly to caft ourfelves and the 

* Bufinefs upon him ; and, to his Praife we muft 
4 fpeak it, he hath appeared in an anfwerable I flue, 
4 whereof the Parliament and Kingdom have had 
' an Account ; and wherein they may fee, and we 
4 wifh they may with us take Notice and be mind- 
' ful of, the Mercy and Goodnefs of God in our De- 

* liverance, which were added to all the reft ; and 

* therein the Army, which, in cafting off all Bands 

* of Order and Government, was like to have been 
let loofe to have been a Plague and Bane both to 

* the Kingdom and itfelf, once more reduced un- 
< der that Temper and Difcipline which may ren- 
der it, through and under God, a further Secu- 
rity and Stay to the Kingdom ; and, in due Time, 
' bring it to a quiet Difbandins:, when juft Satis- 

* faction, with Settlement and Safety, {hall admit ; 
But, as hath been in part done already, we muft 
' again mind the Parliament upon what Terms this 

* hath been wrought : The General (as we all with 

* and under him) ftands engaged to the Army for 
6 the lawful Profecution of the Soldiers Concern- 
' ments, and fome general Fundamental Things 

* for the Kingdom ; and, in Confidence of the Par- 

* liament's good Acceptance of the Service thereby 

* done, and of their real Intention, and prom i fed 
' effectual Refolutions, to give Satisfaction in thofe 
4 Things, hath, in a Manner, undertaken for the 

* Parliament therein. 


^ENGLAND. 373 

< We wifh we may fee Caufe to acknowledge An. 23 Car. I. 

* their juft Senfe of his Excellency's good Affection^ l647 ' 

* and Service in that Bufinefs, or at leaft of their December. 

* own Engagement, or the Kingdom's Concern- 

* ments therein ; and that we had not Caufe either 

* to apprehend a ftrange Neglc<5t thereof growing 

* upon many, or ratlier, in fome, the fad Syinp- 
' toms of an evil Eye at the Service itfclf, as if they 

* did regret the happy Compofure of thofe Diftrac- 

* tions begun in the Army, or the Re-uniting of it j 

* or did grudge the good Hand of God towards it 
4 and the Kingdom therein, that, in Mercy, would 

* not fuffer it to run on in thefe Diftractions to its 
4 own Ruin and the Kingdom's : For though it be 
4 moft evident that had God given up the Army 
4 to caft of the Reins -of Government and Order, 

* and to go on in thofe diftra&ing and confound- 

* ing Ways, which it was endeavoured to be drawn 

* into, both it and other Forces of the Kingdom 
' were like, ere this Time, to have been engaged 

* in Blood one againft another ; or elfe united only in 

* fome defperate Courfe of rending and tearing out 

* the Bowels and Vitals of the Kingdom, and 

* of plucking up or endangering all Foundations of 
4 Order, Peace, and Government therein ; yea, and 

* of all Right and Property too ; yet the Envy and 

* Malignity of fome Men's Spirits againft this Ar- 

* my, and againft the Intereft of good Men there - 

* in, feems to be fuch as if they had rather have 

* feen it fo, than that this Army (hould again be 
"* an united Piece ; and we clearly apprehend the 

* fame Principles, that fwayed heretofore, now a- 
' gain prevailing, as if there were no Good fo 

* ferviccable, or Evil fo formidable, which the 
4 breaking of this Army, with as much Ignominy 
4 and Confufion as maybe, would not, in their Ac- 
*~ count, countervail ; and if fuch an envious and 
4 evil Spirit be indeed lodged and working in the 
4 Hearts of any, we defire God in Mercy to con- 

* vince them of it, left he confound them for it. 

4 For our Parts, having the Witnefs of God in 

our Confciences, that though we are not v without 

A a 3 * weak 

374 T& e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. weak and frail Workings of our flefhly Hearts in 

t l6 *?' ' all cur Ways; yet, for the main, we have, in all 

December ' ojr t- n e a g e " nents ^ rom tne Beginning of the 

' Vv'^r, hi.d ihe Wcrk of God and the Kingdom 

' in our Eye, and not our own : And that, fmce the 

' At my (by the oppreflive Prov king and fpitefut 

' Proceedings of Men, aclcd by the aforefaid en- 

* vious Principles againft it) was raifed to fuch 

* Refoluiions, and driven into fuch a Pofture as 

* put it p?.ft the Power of the Officers to bring it 
' to a quiet Difbanding, without further Satisfac- 

* ticn and Security, it hath been our. main End 

* in continuing wiih it, and almoft our whole 

* Work, to kepp it Within Compafs and Modera- 

* tion ; to withhold it from Extremities of all Sorts, 

* and from that Mifchief to the Kingdoni or it- 
' felf, which our withdrawing and taking off our 

* Hands from the Government of it would have 

* let it loofe unto ; and to make Ufe. of it, and of 

* the Providence that brought it to that Pafs, if 

* poflible, to feme grod Hue for the juft Liberty, 

* Safety, and Settlement of the Kingdom ; and 

* bring the Army to fome Bottom of reafonable 
' Satisfaction wherein it might acquiefce, and at 

* laft come to a quiet Difbanding; and, in tranf- 
' aclion of all this, with <;I1 Tenderr.els and Pa- 
' tience, to pieferve, if poffible, the Authority, and 

* Peace of the Kingdom, anti prevent new Broils 

* which feveral Parties and Inteicfts have been fo 

* apt unto. Having, we fay, the Witnefs of thefe 

* Things within us, when, on the other Side, we 

* confider what unworthy Requitals we rpeet with 
' for all this from the Hands of Men ; how we are 

* loaded with Reproaches for it, and accufed of 
' being the only Diilurbers of the Kingdom, and 

* the Authors of its Burdens, as if for private 

* Ends and Defigns, we kept up the Army; and 
' how generally moft Men, even of the Parlia- 
.' ment Party, for whofe Prclcrvation, and for Pre- 
' v,:ntion of whofc Ruin, we have expofed our- 
* i'elvcs to all Hazards therein, do, either from Difaf- 
' fedtion or Dcfign to divide and break the Army, 

1 withhold 


* withhold or obftrucT: all Supplies and Satisfaction Al 

4 which might keep it in Order, Union, or Re- , ^^_^ 

4 pute : We confefs, when we confider thefe p e cember. J 
4 Things, we are ready to apprehend that God do'.h 

* herein feem moft juftly to upbraid our Care and. 
4 Solicitoufnefs to preferve a People given up, as 

* we begin to fear, to their own Deftrudtion, and 

* which feem to chufe it rather than not to have 

* their own factious Interefts or Envy fulfilled ; 

* rather than to own their Prefervation, in the leaft 
4 Degree, to thofe whpm God hath appeared wil- 
4 ling to ufe for their Prefervation and Deliverance, 

4 And, rather than we would further increafe 

* the Odium and Scandal of being the only pub- 
4 lie Difturbers and Oppreflbrs, fo unworthily caft 

* upon us, meerly for- our Good-will and Endear 
4 vours to prevent greater Mifchiefs, we are apt to 
4 chufe rather to withdraw from our private Sta-r 
' tion, though with Hazard of our perfonal Safety, 

* and the Lofs not pnly of any imagined Benefit 

* of future Employment, but even our Arrears for 

* what Service we have done ; and fo, leaving al\ 

* to whatever Confufion God, in his righteous 

* Judgment, may feem good to bring upon the 

* Nation, to caft ourfelves wholly upon him' to 
4 preferve and provide for us in the Midft thereof; 

* or, if God in Mercy intend better Things to 
4 the Kingdom, or hath found ought in us, which 

* we confefs he may, rendering us unworthy to be 

* any longer Inftruments thereof, we fhould de- 

* fire, with Meeknefs and Rejoicing, to fee any 
' other whom he finds, or the Kingdom judgeth, 
more worthy to take up our prefent Charge : But 
4 finding not yet any fuch clear Difcharge as would, 
4 to our Apprehenilon, fully quit us before God 

* or Man, to leave the Army or Kingdom in 
' this prefent Condition, we (hall, in Difcharge of 
' our Duty to the utmoft, add this one Eflay more 
to bring both into a better, if God in Mercy fee 

* it good j we fhall therefore once more beg the 

* Parliament timely to confider and provide effec- 

A a 4 * tually 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

< tually for thofe Things exprefled in the late Re- 

* monftrance publifhed at the feveral Rendezvoufes 
December. ' ^ *^ e Army, upon his Excellency's continued 

' Conjunction, whereby the Difcontents in the Ar- 

* my were quieted, the Diftractions compofed, and 

* the due Order and Difcipline of it recovered and 

* fubmitted to : And, amongft thefe Things, fince 
6 the greateft and moft immediate and prefling E- 

* vil to the Soldiery is the Want of Pay j and, to 

* the Country, the Diforders, Exactions, and A- 
4 bufes of the Soldiers, with the Burden and An- 
4 noyance of free Quarter thereby enforced ; and 
4 which, if once provided for, gives Time of Con- 

* fideration for other Things : We {hall firft apply 

* to that, either to obtain a prefent Remedy, or 

* at leaft to acquit and discharge ourfelves, in that 
4 Point, of the many Evils thereof, bpth to the 

* Soldiery and Country. 

4 We have long been fadly fenfible, and many 
4 Ways and often exprefs'd our Senfe thereof \ but 

* we have been moft troubled at it, fmce that Ne- 
4 ceflity which heretofore enforced it, viz. the 

* Straitnefs of the Quarters the Parliament had to 
4 raife Money in was taken away, and all Parts of 

* the Kingdom have been cleared from any Ene- 

* my, and free for the equal levying of Money 

* to fupply the NeceiTities of the whole : And it 
4 feems a Matter of Wonder to us, or an Argument 
4 of great Improvidence at beft, that fmce that 
4 Time the Soldiery, though much lefien'd in Num- 
4 ber, (hould be no better paid and provided for 
4 than before. 

* From the Senfe of thefe Things, we have made 
4 frequent Addrefles to the Parliament for a fuffici- 
4 ent Eftablifliment and Provifion of Pay for the 
4 Army and other Forces cf the Kingdom, untill 

* they might, with Safety to the K ngdom, and 
4 juft Satisfaction and Security to themfelves, in 

* Point of Arrears, Indemnity, C5V. be difbanded, 

* or otherwife employed out of the Kingdom. We 
4 have long waited with Impatience as aforefaid, 

4 for 

of E N G L A N D. 377 

* for fome Fruit of our AddrefTes at leaft in this An. 23 Car- I. 
'Point; but what through the Difficulty or De- l647 ' t 

* lay of getting Things pafled in Parliament to December. 

* this Pqrpofe, or of putting in Execution thofe 
c Ordinances that have been palled, and the Ne- 

* gleet or Slqwnefs of Country Committees, Af- 

* feflbrs or Collectors, to do their Duty therein ; 

* what thro* the Malignity of fome, who, in Defign 

* to break or diftrat the Army as aforefaid for 
' want of Pay, and to difaffedt the Country there- 
f to by neceflitated free Quarter, do induftrioufly 
' retard all Supplies of Money ; and what thro* the 
f general Backwardnefs of all, efpecially in the 
' City of Londan^ to part with it, we have yet 
' found little Fruit of all our AddrefTes and En- 
' deavours in this Kind ; there being not as yet 
' any Eftablilhment of Contribution for Pay of 

* the Soldiery, ariy whit near proportionably to 

* the Numbers that we yet keep up, or any effec- 
' tual Execution of the Powers already given for 

* raifing of the Taxes already charged upon the 
' Kingdom ; fo as we remain yet as far as ever from 
' that Supply of Pay to the Army or other Forces, 
' whereby either the Burdens and Grievances of 
' free Quarter can be taken off, or the Neceflity of 
' the Soldiery competently fupplied, or their Dif- 
' content in any Meafure removed, or Diforders 

* prevented, or good Difcipline prefervedj and, 
' which is moft fad, in the Garrifons of the King- 
' dom, and thofe of moft Importance, where the 
e Soldiery have not, nor well can have, the Bene- 

* fit of Quarter for their Subfiftance, (as the Army 
f and Field-Qfficers have yet) they have very long 

* been without any Supply of Pay at all ; fo as di- 

* vers poor Soldiers in fome of them have actually 

* ftarv'd and died for Want, in Attendance upon their 
' Duties ; others forced by Extremity of Want to 

* quit their Service : and the reft ready to ftarve or 

* quit their Garrifons to any that will poflefs them ; 
\ and as it is moft apparent that the prefent Pro- 

* portion of Tax, if duly levied, could not com- 

* petently fupply them, and others too, in an equal 


The Parliamentary HISTORY 

* D'ft ribution thereof, confidcring the Numbers that 

* are yet in being ; fo the Committees in many 
December. * Countries where fuch Garrifons are, that have en- 

4 gaged with the Army, do refufe to levy thofe fmall 

* Proportions of Money that have been afligncd 
'for the prefent Relief of fuch Garrifons j^but 
4 are content to fee the aforefaid Miferies of the 
' Soldiery, and Danger to the Garrifons, rather 
4 than do their Parts to give the leaft Remedy to 

* either; divers of them telling the Soldiers plain- 

* ly, as we are informed, that if they had declared 
' againft the Army they fhould not have wanted ; 

* but having engaged with it they mult expect 
4 neither Quarter nor Pay but what they get from 
4 the Army. 

4 If we, or this poor Army, have deferved iuch 
4 Hatred or Defpite, efpecially from pretended 
4 Friends to the Parliament and the Kingdom's In- 
4 tereft, we would fain be plainly told nd con- 
4 vinced wherein ; otherwife we cannot account it 
4 but moft unchriftian and inhuman Dealing, and 
4 fuch as can have no better Root than envious 
4 Faction, void of all Regard to public Intereft ; 
4 and we would have all fuch know that, if we had 
4 been in the fame Mind, or would have allowed 
4 ourfelves, by Power, to purfue the Ruin of ad- 
4 verfe Parties, by indirect or unchriftian V/ays^ 
4 or otherwife to fet up a Party of our own and 
4 fupprefs all others ; or if we had not ftvl.l, accor- 
4 ding to our firft Principles, loved much more the 

* Ways of Common Right and Freedom, and the 
4 Proceedings in all fuch Things by Parliament in 

* order thereunto ; or if we had not, in the Way 
4 of ordering our Affairs fince the Army^s Engage- 

* ment, confulted more the preferving of Peace in 
4 the Kingdom, and to prevent the Rife of any new 
4 War, than our own Advantage or Security, \vc 
4 could (to fpeak as Men, with the Power and Ad- 
4 vantages God hath put into our Hands) long ere 
4 this Time, as yet alfo we might, have put the 
4 Army, and all other Forces engaged with it in- 

* to fuch a Pofture as to have altered thcmfelvc- 

4 of 

of E N G L A N D. 379 

* of Pay while continued ; and probably to have An - *3 Car - I. 
' made our Oppofers in the Kingdom, and City t * * 7 ' , 
f too, willing to have followed us with Offers of December. 

' Sntisfa&ion as to the Arrears and other Dues that 
f concern the Soldiery ; or we could have told how 
4 to profecute thofc Advantages we have had to 

* the Suppreflion, if .not Deftruion, of adverL 
' Parties and Interefts, fo as they fhould not, pro 

* bably, have had thofe Foundations or Poflibilitiei 
' to grow up again to our further Trouble or Dan-* 
1 ger, as now they feem to have j and all this with, 

* Reafon and Juftice enough too : But that we 

* have ftudied the Prefervation and Good of all, 
' without Ruin or Deftruction to any, as far as we 
' could j and have, thro' God, been acted therein 
' in fome Meafure with that Mildnefs and Mode- 

* ration, Paiience and Love in the Name of Chrift ; 
' and we are yet confident we fhail at laft lofe no- 
' thing by it. But to return to our Purpofe, 

4 As to the Inconveniences and Dangers of a 
4 new Provifon for the Soldiers, in Point of Pay, 
' the Parliament hath had fufficient Cautions and 

* Warnings, efpecially in the late Diftractions ; 

* and while the Danger thereof continued vifible, 

* it was> largely profefled, if that Danger could be 

* removed, and the Army reduced into Order and 
' Difcipline, we fhould have what Provifion we 
f could, with Reafon, defire in that Point ; and the 
' fame, with much more, upon the firft Hopes of 

* overcoming that Danger, was as largely promifed : 

* Yet now, the Danger is over, we fee little better 
' care of Performance than before j but after ma- 
' ny Days fmce elapfed, and fome fpent in pro- 

* feffed Conn/deration of it, the whole Care of that 

* Bufmefs feems to be wrapt up in one bare Vote, 
' viz. That all fupcrnumcrary Forces foall be dif- 

. ' As to which Matter of Difbanding Supernu- 
meraries, fo it be with reafonable Satisfaction in 

* Point of Arrears, we are fo far from oppofing or 
' obftructing it, that, for the fpeedy Eafmg of the 

* Kingdom's Burdens by it, we (hall readily give 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 2-? Car. I. < a ll Furtherance and Afliftance to it ; and mail, 

t f * by-and-by, offer that Encouragement thereunto 

December. ' as w ^' demonftrate the fame ; and on fuch Terms 

* we (hall ourfelves moft gladly be of thofe Svper- 

* numeraries that (hould come firft to difb;incing; 

* but as to the Thought of the prefent difbanding 
4 of all Supernumeraries, according to the Vote, 
4 firft, we cannot but wifh it be confiderrd', whe- 

* ther, with any Refpeft at all to the Service and 

* Relief of Ireland^ the Parliament can well dif- 
4 band them all ; unto which Service, (as thefc 
4 might have been of great Advancement of Af- 
1 fi'- mce long fmcc, but for the Prevalence of Fac- 

* tion and Defign to break that Force that might 
*> have affo-ded it, as we have formerly demon- 

* ftrated, fo) we have more lately rcr'.'iS.. .ed our 

* Parts in the Offer and Dcfignation of a very con- 
4 fiderable Force thereunto ; and there hath wanted 
' nothing but Refolution and Money, with Expe- 

* dition to fend; the-m over, which was not in our 
4 Power. 

4 But if (with refpecl to that Service and the 
e Safety of this Kingdom) the Parliament can but 
^ leiTcn their Forces fo much, as to bring them 
4 near 6oo,OCO /. per Menfem Pay ^ y?t we wifh it 
4 be withall confukred how many thefc Supermi- 
4 meraries are, that muft fo come to be prefcntly (iif- 
4 banded ; which, to bring the Refidue within that 
4 - Compafs, would be little lefs than 2O,cco.ot. one 
4 Sort or other; and if fo, how great a Sum it 
4 would require to give any reafonable Satisfaction 
4 to fomany, in Point of Arrears in Hand : and by 
*- the Hardnefs of getting fo much Money as to 
4 piece up the Month's Pay to the Armv, we have 

* much Reafon to doubt how long the Parliament 
4 will be in raifmg fuch a Sum together, or where 
4 they will fuddenly find Money to give competent 

* Satisfaction to the Proportion but of a Regiment 
4 or two upon a prefent difbanding; and unlefs 

* they be provided with prefent Money to give rea- 

* fonable Satisfaction to fo many at once as would 
4 to that End come to be difbaiuico, the Parliament 

4 muft 

of E N G L A N D. 381 

* muft either turn them off prefently with extreme An. 23 Car. i. 

* Din f atis c ac~tion and Diibbligation ; (which will ren- t ' ^ __, 

* der them apt to rife again with any Party againft rj ecejn ber. 

* the Parliament, who would give them Hope of 
' better Dealing, or but of Revenge) or elfe muft 
' continue them untill better provided. 

* And tho' there were Money ready for a com- 

* petent Part of Arrears in Hand, yet it will be ne- 

* ceflary, however, that they be continued for 

* fome Time for the ftating of their Accounts, and 

* giving Debentures for the Remainder ; for (be- 
' fides the Injuftice and Diffatisfaclion of turning 
' the Soldiers off without that) we prefume the 

* Parliament hath had too much Experience al- 
4 ready of the bottomlefs ill Confequences of not 
' afcertaining their Accounts and Arrears before 

* difbanding, and not keeping the fame regiftered 

* together, by the endlefs Clamours and Outcries of 

* particular rerfons for Arrears, and the vaft Sums 
' expended thereupon, without End of Satisfaction j 

* the Perfons or their State of Arrears (thro' Ne- 
' gle& of taking fuch Accounts before difbanding) 
' having never been certainly known, nor any End 
4 either of their Number or Claims ; and the Dif- 
' patch of fuch Accounts for thofe that remain be- 

* fore difbanding will certainly take up fome Time j 

* we doubt, fome Months. 

' Now* if thus any Part of the Supernumeraries, 

* above what the 60,000 /. a-month will pay, {hall, 

* either for the Time of ftating their Accounts, or 

* longer for Want of prefent Money, not be dif- 

* banded, the Army muft fo long remain without 

* conftant Pay ; and confequently go upon free 

* Quarter the while, unlefs the Tax for their Pay 

* be for the mean Time proportionably increafed ; 
' for the 6c,oco/. a-month not affording any Affign- 
' ment for fuch Supernumeraries Pay, thqfe muft of 

* NecefHty go unpaid the while, and confequently 

* upon free Quarter ; and their going any where 

* upon free Quarter will hinder the coming in of 

* the Contribution of thofe Parts which fhould be to 
' pay fome others; and fo thefc muft likcwifc go 

s upon 

3 8 2 T&e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. ^3 Car. I, c upon free Qu arter t ^ e w hile, which will, in like 

. ' 47 ' i e Manner, hinder the Pay and neceflitate the like 

December. c free quartering of others ; fo as all will, that 

c while, be equally hindered from conftant Pay, 

' and forced to take free Quarter ftill. But be- 

c fides thefe aforementioned certain and vifible Oc- 

* cafions of Delays to the prefent Effect of the 

* Vote for difbanding all Supernumeraries^ we 

* doubt it will find many other Difficulties and Ob- 

* ft ructions to the fpeedy and effectual Difpatch 

* thereof^ and prove not fo eafy, or fo well execu- 

* ted as voted ; fo that though we wifli that Bufi- 
' nefs of difbanding Supernumeraries put into as 
c fpeedy a Way of Execution as may be, yet, up- 
4 on all thefe Confiderations, we cannot imagine 

* that Vote to be abfolute and fovereign ; nor fo 
' fpeedy and timely a Care of the Soldiers Wants 

* and Difcontents', arid the Country's Grievance 

* in their free Quarter, as the Nature of the Mala- 

* dy and Temper of the Patient requires : We 

* (hail therefore offer our final Advice for fome d- 

* ther, firft fetting down the Particulars, and then 

* fhewing the Efficacy and Benefit thereof; The 
4 Particulars, which we have in part heretofore pro- 

* pounded to the Parliament j are thefe : 

I. * That the Parliament do forthwith enlarge 

* their monthly Contribution for five or fix 

* Months, to the full Proportion of the Pay of all 
' the Forces now in being within this Kingdom^ 
e or at leaft fo many of them as they are not pro- 
1 vided with ready Money to difband, and to a cort- 

* fiderable Proportion, viz. about 1 0,000 /. a 

* Month over ; which, by a near Eftimate, we con- 
c ceive would well be by the Addition of 40,000 /. 

* per Menfem to the prefent 6o,ccc /. per Men- 
fem, and with lefs we believe it cannot be ; and 

' the fame Committees to be appointed, and to 
' have the fame Powers for the levying this as for 
4 the former 60,000 /. and the fame Penalties for 

* Neglects or Defaults therein as for the Arrears of 

* former Taxes to the Army : And for the more 

* fpeedy pafling of this, unlefs fome viable Ine- 

* quality 

of E N G L A N D. 383 

* quality in the Rates of Countries be readily reo An. aj Car. I. 
4 tified, without Delay to the paffingof it, we wifh t J!^* 7 ' _- 

' it might (being but for that fhort Space) pafs ac- Dece ^iber. 

* cording to the fame Rates as the 60,000 /. And 

* for the Kingdom's better Satisfaction herein, it 

* may be refolved and declared, 

1. ' That upon this Enlargement, arid the ef* 

* fecrual levying of it in the refpective Counties, 

* no free Quarter at all (hall, from within a Month, 
' at moft after pafiing the Ordinance, be taken irj 

* any County or Place where it fhall be duly levied 

* and paid. 

2. * That it is intended this Enlargement of Tax 

* (hall not be continued beyond the Space of the 

* Months limited ; and that, in the mean Time, 

* as the Parliament can find Money and Safety 

* to difband and leflen their Forces, fo, if that 

* Leffening be confiderable, they will, by Degrees, 
' lefien the faid Tax proportionably. 

II. * We defire that, for the more fure and ef- 

* fe&ual levying of the whole Tax, the GeneraJ. 
' and Committee of the Army, or one of them, 

* may have Power, in Cafe of any Country Com- 

* mittee's Negle<St or Fail therein, to add new 

* Men to any of the refpe&ive Committees, y who are 

* thereupon to have the fame Power as the Coin- 
4 mittees named in the Ordinance have. 

III. ' That for the more fure and ready Pay- 
4 ment of the Soldiery out of this, the Forces which. 

* are not or cannot be provided for to be forthwith 

* difbanded, may be immmediately afligned to feve- 

* ral Counties, or Aflbciations of Counties, out of 

* whofe Taxes they mail be paid ; and that the 
' General may have Power accordingly to make 

* fuch Difrribution and Affignment, giving Notice 

* and Account thereof to the Committee of the 

* Army, and they thereupon to take Order for the 

* Payment of the Forces fo afllgneci, immediately 

* out of the Counties or Aflbciations to which they 
' are affigned ; and that the Payments be made ac- 

* corcling to dueMuMers, and according to the laffc 

* Eftablilhinent, as to the Rate of each Officer's 

4 'Pa/ 

384 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ah. *3 car. I. c p a y . an( j tne Surplufage of any County's Taxes, 

t ' * 7 ' . * above the due Pay of their Forces fo afligned to 

Dettmbtr. * be paid out of them, to be at the Care and Over- 

' fight of the fame Committee for the Army, called 

' for and paid into the common Treafury, for fuch 

' general Ufes as (hall be found neceflary relating 

' to th.e Forces and Service within this Kingdom, 

' by Warrant from the General or Committee of 

* the Army, according to the ufual Courfe of Li- 
' mitations heretofore ; and the Remainder and Sur- 

* plufage of the faid Taxes of the whole Kingdom^ 
' above the Ufes aforefaid, to be for the Supply 
' and Relief of the Forces already in Ireland, or 
' other public Ufes as the Parliament (hall think 
' fit j and the fame Committee likewife, with the 

* Trcafurers, to take Care for the methodizing 

* and balancing of the whole Accounts, and to have 

* Power for the employing of Officers needful for 

* the Difpatch and Accomodation of this Service; 

* and to make Allowance of Salaries to them, with- 

* in fome reafonable Limitation ; particularly that 

* there be Allowances for fo many Deputy-Corn- 
' miflaries of Mufters, as upon the Practice of this 

* Diftribution the General and Committee IhaH 
' find needful ; and the Treafurers-General out of 

* their Salary, in regard of this Accefiion to it, to 

* maintain fo many Deputy-Treafurers, as the 
.General and the Committee of the Army (hall 

* find needfol to be employed, and to refide in fuch 

* feveral Parts of the Kingdom as the General (hall 

* find convenient for that Service. 

IV. That, the Security for Arrears being fct- 

* tied as hath been already, and is again hereafter 

* propounded, the Parliament would fpeedily fend 

* down Commiffioncrs to the Army, and appoint 

* the like for the other Forces of the Kingdom, to 

* ftate Accounts and give Debentures ; whereby 
' the Soldier may, before his Difbanding, have his 

* Arrears afcertained to him as a clear Debt, to be 

* pid him out of that Security } and that one Of- 

* nee or Regiftry may be appointed into which ail 
6 Accounts fo taken may be returned, and all Ar- 

* rears, 

6f ft N O L A tf D. 38$ 

* rears regiftered to be paid, in Order as is here- An. 23 Car. 2 

* after exprefled : And for this Office we offer, that t l64 ?- M 
1 two Regifters, with four Clerks, may be allowed p ec *enit'e*, 
4 to have reafonable Salaries out of the Revenue^ 

' iffuing out of the faid Security } and this we de- 

* fire rrtay be haftened for the fpeedier Preparation 
' to the Work of Difbanding, that fuch as are to 
c be difbanded may be ready for it by that Time the 

* Parliament can provide Money wherewith to 
' difband any of them; and fo, by difbanding the 
c Supernumeraries as faft as may be, Way may be 

* made for the fpeedier leflening and taking off the 

* Taxes by Degrees 

' Now for the Advantage and Benefit of the 

* Things here propounded, they will appear as 
' follow* v/Zi 

* Whereas, upon the former Suppofition, that 

* the putting of the Soldiery, that are to be con- 

* tinued, into a Way of conftant Pay* to depend 

* only upon the Difbanding of Supernumeraries, 
4 whom the prefent Tax will not extend to pay ; 
' it is moft evident, as before demonstrated, that 

* none can be put into prefeht Pay, but all fuch go 

* on upon free Quarter fo long as until every one of 

* the faid Supernumeraries be difbanded } which, 

* whatever may be imagined^ tho* no other Dif- 
4 faculties or Obftru&ions fhould happen than what 
' are now vifible$ as before mentioned, would not 

* be effected, nor, we doubt, provided for, in three 
' or four Months Time ; we wifh it proved fo 

* foon* but we much fear Interruptions or Delays 

* will happen to make it much longer j and all 
' that while, free Quarter continuing as before, the 
c Burden thereof, befides the Annoyances, tho' it 
' may fall more lightly upon Come Pans, and hea- 
' vier upon others, yet, in the whole, it danv 
' nifies the Kingdom as much as the faid mcreafed 

* Contributions come to: The Soldier alfo muft 

* have, befides his Quarters, fome Pay in Hand in , 
c the mean while, otherwife he can neither fubfift 

i nor be kept in Order ; yet ftill he accounts, ad 
VOL. XVL B b * feaft, 

*?be Parliamentary HISTORY 

Jeaft, half of his Pay for the remaining Time in 

* Arrear to him ; fo as that further Debts do alfo 

* grow upon the Kingdom's Score. 

* Now, contrariwtfe, the Things we have pro- 

* pounded being granted, that bare Contribution 
' awfwejs all; for we dare undertake, within a 

* Fortnight after the granting of them, all the 

* Forces of the Kingdom {hall be afligned where 
' and how to. receive their Pay conftantly till dif- 

* banded, and more free. Quarter (hall hence- 

* forth be take,n ; no Part of the Kingdom any 
4 more unequally opprefled thereby ; nor any fur- 
' ther Debt of Arrears henceforth incurred upon 

* the Kingdom ; and the Work of Difbanding Su- 

* pernumeraries not at all hindered, but much faci- 

* litated thereby j and, as the Parliament finds 

* Money and Safety to.difband any of them, they 

* may, by the fame Degrees, either leflen the 

* Tax proportionably, or will have fo much more 
' Surplufage from thence towards Relief of Inland^ 

* or towards difbanding of others, or any other 
e public Ufes. 

' And now, for Furtherance and Encouragement 

* in the Matter of Difbanding, thefe Things afore- 
' mentioned being granted, we (hall, for the Army 

* and the other Forces engaged with it, offer and 

* agree to thefe Rules following : 

1. ' That fuch of the faid Forces as (hall come 

* to bedifbanded as Supernumeraries, {hall, out of 

* the. Monies to be railed upon the Security of Ar- 

* rears, have the full Moiety of their Arrears firft 

* made good to them, as Monies come in here- 
'upon, before thofe which fall out to be continued 

* (hall receive any Part of theirs ; and after that, 

* when thofe that continue {hall have received a 
V like Proportion of theirs, then thofe that fhall be 

* di{banded to receive the other Moiety, or full 

* Remainder, of their Arrears, before thefe that 

* continue have any more. .. 

2. That thofe of them that {hall di{band, {hall, 
' as Monies come in upon 'the faid Security, re- 

' ccive 

^ENGLAND. 387 

' ceive their Proportions of Arrears in the fame An > 2 3 c r - 
< Order and Courfe as they dilband ; of which Or- . * 7 ' 

* der and Courfe a Remembrance to be kept and December. 

* regiftered in the aforcfaid Regiftry of thefe Ac- 

* counts ; the Perfons of the Regiment, Troop, 

* or Company firft difbinding, and fo the reft in 

* Courfe, to receive firft what was due to them at 

* difbanding, to make up their firft Moiety, by two 
1 equal Portions ; and likewife to receive their fe- 

* cond Moiety at twice, by equal Portions, in the 
' fame Courfe as they diiband. 

* Now, for our t)efire in the firft Proposition 

* aforegoing, to have the Increafe of Contribution 
' extended to the Proportion of 10,000 /. a month, 

* by Eirimate, over and above what we think the 
c juft Pay for the Soldiery now in being in the 
' Kingdom, and not ready for prefent difbanding, 

* will come to ; the Reafbn is partly, that there 

* may be fome prefent certain Supply out of it for 

* the Forces in Ireland \ and partly becaufe, if the 

* Contribution fhould be fcant of, or but juft an- 

* fwerabie to, the Pay of the Soldiery, the many 

* Contingencies and neceflary Charges, not to be 
foreefeen, and the probable Failings of fully levy- 

* ing the Contribution in fome Parts, would rife- 

* ceflitate the going of fome upon free Quarter, ' 
' which worrld difturb the Order and conftant Pay 

* of the whole ; and it would alfo coft muci Time 

* to proportion the Forces to be affigned upon the 

* feveral Counties exactly to the Contribution of 

* them, which would make it lor.g ere free Quar- 

* ters could be taken off, fmce none could be af- 

* figned where to be paid, tmtil the Pay of ea'ch 
' Part of the Soldiery were exactly computed, and 

* all of them as exactly diftributed acccording to 

* each Country's Tax : Whereas, the Taxes bang 

* laid to a fufficient Proportion above the juft Pay, 
' we can immediately make Diftributicns and Af- 

* figrtments by Eftimate, fo as tor be fare the 

* Taxes of each County exceed the Pay of the 

* Soldiers affigned to it : And tho' fome one Coun- 

* ty have more, and another fewer, Soldiers af- 

B b 2 * figned 

388 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car, I. < fig ne d to them than (upon an exal Diftribution - 
v __, * according to the Number and Pay of the Sol- 

* diery) their juft Proportion would come to,, 
' yet none having fo many but that their Taxes. 

* will do more than pay them, no Part will bear 
1 above its due Proportion of Charge j and thofc 

* Counties which have leaft Number of Soldiers 

* afligned upon them, yet will bear their due Pro- 

* portion of Charge, either in Pay to the Soldiers, 

* or in the Surplufage of their Tax above it ; which 
' being collected into the common Treafury, wili 

* be for the Relief of Ireland, or other publick 

* Ufes ; fo as the Surplufage, either in particular 

* Counties above their particular Afiignments, or 

* of the whole Kingdoms Taxes above the Pay 

* of the whole Soldiery in it, will be no Lofs ; but 
1 (as to fome certain and prefent Relief for Ire- 

* land out of it, upon the Suppofition of the 
' roOjCOo/. per Month) we (hall (befides the Sur- 

* plufage of every County's Tax above the Pay of 
' the Soldiers to be afligned to it) forecaft, in the 
' Diftributions and Alignments, to levy the Taxes 

* of fome Counties, and that as many as may be, 
' to come entirely into the common Treafury for 

* Relief of Ireland^ without affigning any of the 
4 Forces of England to be paid out of them. 

4 And for that Power defired for making fuch 

* Diftributions and Alignments, the Advantages and 

* Benefits of that Way of Repartition, as to the 

* more fure and ready Pay of the Soldiers, are fuf- 

* ficiently known and tried ; and it is moft evident 
; that, without it, (if no Soldiers be paid before 
the Monies be firft colle&ed in the feveral Coun- 
'' ties, and then fent into the common Treafury 
6 for all the Kingdom, and then fent to the Head'* 

* Quarters, or thence diftributed to the fe.veraS 

* Forces within the Kingdom) it is in vain to think 
1 that the Soldier can be fupplied with Money 

* aforehand, or timely enough to make him pay for 
c Quarters j and it is as bad almoft not at all as not 
' in Time. 


of E N G L A N D. 389 

* We have thus propounded a Way, whereby all An. -i\ Car. 
the Soldiery of the Kingdom may be inftantly 

* in a Condition of conftant Pay while continued, 
' and thereby be kept in Order and Difcipline; all 

* free Quarter, with the Abufes, Exa&ions, An- 

* noyances, and unequal Preflures that accompany 

* it, immediately taken off; no further Debt of Ar 

* rears incurred upon the Kingdom, and that 
' which is already incurred, put in a Way to be 
' recovered and overcome in Time ; and whereby 

* the fupernumerary Forces may fhortly be difband - 
' ed by Degrees, as the Parliament can find Mo- 

* ney to do it, and will be fatisfiable to difband with 
' lefs Money in Hand, without Danger of Pifobli- 

* gation therein j and. whereby alfo the additional 
' Charge, now propounded, with other Burdens 

* of the Kingdom, may, by the fame Degrees, 

* be leflened and eafed with Safety and Satisfa&ion, 

* until all can be taken off. 

' And as it is evident that, if fuch a Courfe as 

* this had been taken fooner, and the Parliament, 

* as they found the feveral Parts of the King- 

* dom cleared from the Enemy, and eafed from 

* the Oppreffions they fuffered under them, had, 

* by Degrees, extended an equal Contribution 
' over all Parts, in proportion fufficient to have 

* paid all their Forces, while they continued them, 
4 the Kingdom had been eafed of free Quarter, 
' and no further Debt of Arrears to the Soldiery 

* incurred upon it ; for, at leaft, a Year and an 

* half ago, thofe that have been difbanded had not 
' been put dff with fo much Difobligation as fome 

* have been ; nor had their Claims and end lefs 

* Demands fmce brought fuch Trouble upon, or 

* drawn fuch vaft Arrears from, the Parliament 
' and Kingdom ; and thofe that remain now to be 

* difbanded had been much e'afier fatisfied, and 

* much more readily difbanded ; fo if fuch a Courfe, 

* as is here propounded, be not fpecdily taken, but 

* the putting of the Soldiery into a Way of Pay be 

* left to depend" only upon the difbanding all Su- 

B b 3 * pernumenu-ic* 

390 *T&e Parliament cry H i s T o * Y 

n. Z3 Car. I. pcrnumeraries ( and that fo unprovided for, or fo 

* 6 * 7 ^ f * very uncertainly and {lowly provided for and 

L>eecrr.btr ' proceeded in, as, without this Ccrurfe, it is like 

* to bt) it is moft eviJent, (befides unfcrefeea 

* Dangers of Difccrtrnt, hot: 1 , in the Soldttry and 

* Country, of Difficulties to difband, or Inter- 

* ructions or DifTaiisfactions in it) that the Non- 

* difb-r.ding of fome will fo long occafion the Non- 

* payment of all, and continue free Quarter, witfa 
4 the Inconveniences thereof upon ail ; and the 
4 Non-payment of all may hinder the difbanding 
4 of any ; and fo both Debts and Difcontents grow 

* upon the Soldiery and Kingdom, perhaps, till 

* it paficth tither the Power of the General and 

* Officers to compofe the one, or the Parliament 
' and Kingdom to fatisfy the other. 

* Having therefore fufficiently difcharged our- 

* felves in this Point, fo as we {hall, we hope, 
ftand acquitted before Godand Man, from what- 

* ever Evils enfue upon any further Neglect there- 
4 of, we muft now declare, That we find the juft 
' Expectations of the Army herein (efpecially fmce 
' the General's late Engagements or Undertakings 

* at the Rendezvous) are fo great and earneft ; the 
' Clamours and Outcries to us from other Forces 
' and Garrifons of the Kingdom engaged with the 
' Army, for their extreme Neceffity, and our ap- 
' prehended Negleci of equal Provif;on for them, 
' are fo fad and prefiing ; the Difcontents of the 

* Country, from the Opprefnons of free Quarter, 
' are fo full, and yet growing, and almoft defpe- 

* rate ; and the Diftemptrs, Diftraclions, and 
4 Dangers threatened by all thefe are fo vaft and 
4 imminent, as we can no longer ftand under the 

* Burthen or Blame of them. But if the Things 
4 here before propounded be not granted and paiTed 
4 effectually, or a certain Courfe fettled according 

* to the Effect of them, by the End cf this preftnt 
4 Week, we can no longer give Account of the 

* Army, or other Forces in a regular Way ; and, 
4 unlefs we find* Saiisficlion in gur Judgments to 


of ENGLAND. 39 f 

' take fome extraordinary Ways of Power, we mud An. 23 Car. 

* let the Soldiery and the Kingdom know that we t ' 6 * 7 ' _ 
4 cannot fatisfy their juft Expectations; and there- December. 
1 upon defire that the Charge of the Soldiciy may 

* be tranfmitted to others. If the Parliament (hall 
4 approve, and pafs what we have here propounded, 
fc we rquft, for the better Profecution and Eftecting 

* thereof, add, That the fuperlative Backwardnefs 

* and Obftinacy, or Difaffection rather, of thofe 

* within the City, who have thus long with-helJ' 

* their Arrears of Taxes, fo long fince due to the 
4 Army, may not efcape, either with Victory there- 

* in, or without exemplary fuffering at leaft, by 

* ftridt and fpeedy levying, as well the Penalties as 
4 the Arrears themfelves ; and, for that Purpofe, 
4 that the Parliament would reafTume the Confide- 
4 ration of the General's late Letters about that 
4 Bufinefs to the Committee of the Army, and alfo 
4 review that to the Lord Mayor and Common 
4 Council ; wherein the ill Conlequences, both of 
4 the wilful Negledl of the Thing, and of the Ar- 
4 my's withdrawing to a further Diftance before it 
4 be done, or of its continuing longer hereabouts 
4 in the dilatory, perhaps fruitlefs, Expectation 
1 thereof, from the City's own Actings therein, 
4 may fufficiently appear. 

4 To which we add, that till it be done effec- 
1 tually, and fharply to fome, the Diftribudon of 

* the Forces to feveral Committees to be paid, at- 

* cording to what is before propounded, can riei- 
4 ther be effectual nor fafe ; and we muft there- 
4 fore defvre that, (unlefs it be thought fit that the 
4 whole Kingdom fhould groan ftill under the Op- 
4 preffion of free Quarter, and thefe adjacent 
4 Counties be undone chiefly, while thofe of fhfe 
4 City, that occafion all, fit free from any Tafle 

* of it) there may be no longer Stop to the draw- 

* ing in of the Army, or a confiderable Part of it, 
4 to quarter upon them in the City, who had not 
4 paid before the faid Letters, until they fhall haVe 
4 paid doth the Arrears and full Penalties ; and tho' 
' our Tenderncis of that City's Safeguard and Wel- 

392 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

. a 3 Car. J. * f are , and our Clearnefs from the leaft Thought of 

* 6 * 7 ' ^ * Evil towards it, or bafe Defign to make the leaft 

December. * Advantage to ourfelves or the Army by it, hath 

* fufficiently appeared in all our former Demean* 
' ments, and in our Carriage of the Bufmefs upon 
our late Advance towards it, notwithftanding the 
' juft Occ.afions and great Provocations there fo 
' newly given, as alfo in our innocent March to- 
' wards it, and the quiet and patient waiting about 
c it for thofe long due Arrears, without quarter- 
' ing any Soldiers in it ; yet now, in Juftice, ye 
' cannot but defire that, bcfides the levying of the 

* Arrears at laft, for which we have been put to a 
4 Stay fo long, there may now likewife fome Repa- 

* ration be thought on from the City to the Parts 

* adjacent, for above ioo,oco/. Damages fuftained 

* through the Army's Attendance here on the City's 

* Defaults and Delays ; which Reparation we, if 

* neceffitared thereto, or called upon by the Coun- 

* try, muft, in their Behalf, demand from the City 

* to the full ; and now alfo the rather, in order to 
' that, we muft earneftly defire that the Proceed- 

* ings againft thofe Citizens, and others lately im- 

* peached, may be haftened j and, out of their 

* Fines or Confiscations, fome Part of Repara- 

* tion may be made to the Countries adjacent for 

* the aforefaid Damages, which the Crimes of 

* thofe Perfons, and others in the City, did firft 

* bring upon thenv; And, indeed, without fome- 

* thing done againft thefe Perfons, for Examples to 

* others, before the Army's withdrawing, we do 
' not fee, when it {hall withdraw, with what Safety 
' or Freedom the Parliament can fit longer at 
< Weflminfter ; especially when we find the Com- 

* mon-Council, thro' the Parliaments and Army's 

* Lenity, do take the Boldnefs already, in the Face 

* of both, to intercede tor the Releafe and Acqutt- 
'" tal, or rather Juftification, of thofe impeached 
4 Perfons, who indeed are but Fellow-Delinquents, 
r - we doubt, to moft of that Council ; as if that fo 
6 a6live, immediate, and horrid a Force upon both 
\ the Houfes of Parliament, and upon levying a 


of ENGLAND. 391 

*War in Abetment and Profecution thereof, and An> Z 3 UP * 

of that concurrent treafonable Engagement, vuere t ./ t47 ' , 

' already forgotten by th; m to have been any ve *.wnber. 

* Crime ; the Confideration whereof, and of the 

* renewed Confidence of Mr. Genven^ and fon.e 

* other Members of Parliament, known to have 

* been Partakers, if not Principals, in the fame 
4 Things, (who yet prefume, and arc filtered, to 
' appear again in the Houfe, as if in thofe Things 
' there had not been fo much a Fault as to render 
4 them lefs worthy of continuing in that higheft 
' Truft) makes us begin to fear that while fo much 
' of the fame Leaven (this Leni*j and Moderation) 
" is left behind, it may ( fpre'ad till even the 

* wo 1 ft of the Eleven (notwithftanding their dou- 
4 bled Crimes) be again called for in ; unlefs the 
' Houfe, by fome exclufive Refolutiuns and Pro- 
' ceedings, do timely prevent the fame. We hr.'pe^ 

* therefore, the Parliament will weigh thefo Things ^ 
' and fpeedily, ere it be too late, confult at k-aft 
4 their own Safety and the Kingdom's, if not ours 
' and the Army's, their poor Servants, and 

* thing concerned with them, cfpeciaily in this Af- 

* fair. 

4 Next, we again more importunately defire, that 

* thofe other fo near Concernments of th? Soldiery, 
4 expreffed in the General's late Reinonftrance at 

* the Rendezvous, may be fpeedily confidered, and 

* fully and effe&ually provided for ; in order to 

* which we (hall here more particularly propound 

* as follows : 

* Firjij As to Security for Arrears : Where- 

* as in the late Votes, or Propnfition intended for 

* that Purpofe, the two Thirds of the Lnnds or 
4 Compofitions of certain Delinquents, affign^d 
4 towards the faid Security, is only of the De'in- 

* quents within the three firft Qualifications of" the 

* twelfth Propofition ; we defire that they may he 
4 altered, fo as to be two Thirds of the Lands 

* or Compofitions of all the Delinquents that have 
4 not yet compounded. And next we muft defire^ 

* that Dean and Chapter Lauds may be udded, 

2 '-. with 

3 94 bc Parliamentary HISTORY 

kn.^3 Car. j. t w j th a p rov jf o f or re afonable Satisfaction or Main- 
, * tcnance to fuch Perfons as, having a prefent law- 
December. * ful Intereft in any of the Revenues thereunto be- 

* longing, have not forfeited the fame by Dclin- 

* quency. Thefe Additions are defired, becaufc 
4 the Security as yet voted is juftly eflimated not 

* to be fufficient j and fince all that is propounded is 

* but for Security, if the Security prove to exceed 
' the Arrears really due, the Surplufage will be 

* free for any other public Ufe, fo as the State 

* will not be damnified by any of thefe Additions 
' to the Security. Laftly, as to this Bufmefs, we 
' defire that the Matter of Security, being refol- 

* ved on as delired, may be pafled into an Ordi- 
' nance, and thereby be put into a fpeedy and ef- 

* fe&ual Way of raifing Monies thereupon. 

* Secondly, For Matter of Indemnity : That, if 

* no Indemnity more abfolute can be provided to 

* free the Soldiery from all Queftion for Things 

* done in the War, but that they muft, in Cafe 
' of Queftion at Law, fly to fome Committee or 

* Commiffioners for Relief, it may be provided 
' for the Eafe of all, that either under the Grand 
' Committee of Indemnity, or otherwife by the 

* immediate Appointment of Parliament, there 
' may be Commiflioners in each County, impower- 
' ed to give Relief in fuch Cafes as the Grand 

* Committees now are ; and thofe Commiflioncrs 

* to be fuch as ordinarily refide in the rtfpective 

* Counties, and mixt of 'fuch as have been Mili- 
4 tary Officers to the Parliament, together with 

* fuch Inhabitants as have appeared and been 

* faithful to the Parliament in the late War ; for 

* which Purpofe we lhali, if admitted, offer Names ; 

* and that there may be a fcvere Penalty laid upon 

* Judges and other Officers of J uftice, in Cafe they 
v Ihall proceed againft any, contrary to the Ordi- 

* nance for Indemnity. 

''Thirdly, That a fufHcient Provifon be made in 

* a certain and no diftionourable Way, for the R e- 

* lief and Support of maimed Soldiers, and the 

* Widows anu Oi'p'ui.i of Mca tibt died in the 


of E N G L A N D. 395 

* Service, to continue during the Lives of the An. 3 Car. J. 

* maimed Soldiers and Widows, and during the , l6 * 7 ' f 

* Minority of their Orphans ; and that the fame D^mbM. 

* Commiflioners, to be appointed in each County 

* for Indemnity as aforefaid, or others, in like Man- 

* ner mixt, may be impowered for this Purpofe 

* alfo. And in Cafe of the Death of any fuch 

* Commiffioners, or their Departure out of their xe-r 

* fpec~live Counties, thofe that furvive and remain 

* may chufe new ones to fill up the Number. 

* Fourthly, That for the juft Freedom of Ap- 
' prentices who have ferved the Parliament, there 
4 may be a fufficient Penalty laid upon the Matters 
4 refuftng or delaying to give the feme when their 

* Times are out, accounting the Time that they 

* ferved in the War as Part ; and that the Ap- 
' prentice may have his A&ion at Law for that 
4 Penalty. 

* Fifthly^ For Freedom from imprefling : That 
4 (as no Freeman of England may be imprefled for 

* any foreign Service, or other than for the imme- 
' diate Defence of it, fo) no Soldier that hath vo- 

* luntarily ferved the Parliament in the late Wars 
' for the Liberty of the Kingdom, may be liable 

* to be prefled for any military Service at all ; and 

* that it may be promifed that a Certificate of his 

* faid Service as a Volunteer, under the Hand and 

* Seal of his Colonel, or other Field-Officer under 

* whom he hath ferved, may be a fufficient Pro- 
' teilion and Difcharge to him from any fuch im- 

* preifing. 

* leaving thus difcharged ourfelves of thefe Mat- 

* ters, which are our moft proper and immediate 

* Concerns, the Bufinefs of the Soldiery, we 

* muft now redouble our Defires, that the two 

* firrt (concerning putting them intoconftant Pay, 

* while continued, and Provifiun for their Arrears) 

* may be fiift confidered, and immediately fettled, 

* before any other Bufmek ; and then that the reft 
' of them may be alfc provided f >r as foon as may 

* be. 

* Now, 

Parliamentary HISTORY 

' Now, tho' the two firft of thefe want not 

* their equal Concernments to the Kingdom, in 

December. ' l ^ e prefent taking ofF the Oppreffion of free 

* Quarter, preventing the Increafe of Arrears, and 
' providing or preparing for the more eafy and fatif- 
' fadlory difbandingof Supernumeraries, and there- 
' by the better eafmg of the Kingdom's Burden? 
' by Degrees ; yet we cannot, by any of our Ad- 

* drefles of this Kind, fo far forget thofe Things, 

* we have formerly declared, concerning more 
' nearly the public Intereft of the Kingdom, and 
' ourfelves as Members of it, but we muft here- 
' with renew our humble and earneft Defire that 
' no Time may be loft by the Parliament for the 
' juft Confideration and Difpatch of thofe Things 
' both for the Redrefs of common Grievances, 
' Relief of the Opprefieil, and for the Liberty, 
' Security, Quiet, and fome fafe Settlement of the 
' Kingdom ; and more efpecially that the Things, 

* of this Nature, exprefled in the late Remonftrance 

* at the Rendezvous, may, in fuch Settlement, be 

* fully and effectually provided for, and that with 

* ail poflible Expedition. And it is our Hearts De^ 

* fire and Hope that therein the Proceedings and 

* Refolutions of the Parliament may be fuch, and 
' fo timeous, as that we need not any more to 

* remind the Parliament in any of thofe Things ; 
which (as far as with Truth, or any Safety to that 
c moft obliging Intereft of the Public, and to thofe 
' that have engaged for it, we may forbear) we 

* are moft unwilling, and take no Pleafure, to 

* meddle in.' 

By Appointment of his Excellency Sir Thomas 
Fairfax and the Council of the Army^ 

r/>Kdf l r 6v"' 5< J' RUSHWORTH, Secy. 

The Lords took no Manner of Notice of this 
long Remonftrance, further than in reading of it, 
and referring it all to the Commons : That Houfe 
appointed a Committee to confider of it, who 
the next Day reported, it was their Opinion, 


of E N G L A N D. 397 

That all the fupernumerary Forces in the Kingdom An. Z3 . car. t 
fhould be difbanded. But their further Proceed- t l6 *J" t 
ings in this Bufmefs we leave to the Sequel. December. 

Dec. 9. This Day qame a Meflage from the King 
to the Parliament, which was read in the Houfe of 
Lords, and ordered to be fent prefently down to ; 
the Commons; and that Committees of both Houfes *9*f 
do communicate this Meflage alfo to the Scots Com- 

To the S p E A K E R of the Houfe of PEERS pro 
Tempore, to be communicated to the Lords and 
Commons in the Parliament of England at IVeft- 
minfler, and the Commiflioners of the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. 

Carifbrook-Caftle, Dec. 6, 1647. 

77 A D his Majefty thought it pojfebk that his two AnotherMeflage 
Houfes could be employed in Things of gf eater from the King, 
Concernment than the Peace of this miferable < #Jpreffingfraper- 
JlraBed Kingdom, he would have expected, with n 
more Patience, their Leifure in acknowledging tht 
Receipt of his MeJJ'age of the i6th of November 
la/I. But fence there is not in Nature any Confede- 
ration prtceeding to that of Peace, his Majejlys 
conjlant Tendernefs for the Welfare of his Subjefls 
hath fuch a Prevalence wich him, that he cannot 
forbear the vehement Profecution of a Perfonal Trea- 
ty ; which is only fo much the more defer ed by his 
Majejiy, as it is fuperior to all other Means of 
Peace. And truly when his Majefly confeders we 
feveral Complaints he daily hears from all Parts of 
this Kingdom, that Trade is fo decayed, all Comma* 
dities fo dear, and Taxes fo infupportable, that 
even natural Subfejlence will fuddenly fail ; his Ma- 
]?fty, to perform the Truft repofed in him, mnjl ufe 
kit utiermojl Endeavours for Peace, tho' he w?re to 
have no Share in the Benefit of it. And hath not 
his Majejly dine his Part for it, by divejting him- 

f' l f 

398 &e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. a 3 C*. 1-feJf of fo much Power and dufhority, ris by his ta/f 

^.. * 6 * 7 ' , Mefjctge he hath pramiftd to do, upon the concluding 

l^enAcr. f the whole Peace ? And hath he met with that 

Acknowledgment from his two Houfes -which this 

great Grace arid Favour fajlly deferves? Surely the 

tilaitie of thii great Retarding of Peace mujlfalljornt- 

tvhefe elfe than on' his Majejly . 

To conclude : If you will bvi confider in how little 
Time this nettjfary gevd Work will be done^ if ymi+ 
the two Houfes ^ will wait on his Majefty with the Jam; 
Refolutions for Peace as he will meet you, he no way 
doubts but- theft yo* will wittingly agree to this his Ma- 
jefty's earnefi Defire of a Perfenal Treaty, and fyeedily 
dtpre his Prefence among ft yon ; where all Things 
agreed on &Mrig digefttd into Arts, (till when it is moj] 
unreafonable for his Majefty or his- two Houfts to defire 
each of ether the leajl Concejjlon} this Kingdom may, 
at la/fj enjoy the feUjjlngt ef a, kng-wijtf d-for 

Dec. TO. The Gommons fent up to the Lords 
to defire more Time ftiil to bring up the Articles 
of Impeachment againft the fevcn Lords, in re- 
gard of the great Affairs of the Kingdom. The 
Lords gave them till Tuefday the i4th Inftant, and 
ordered all the Lords to be lummoncd to attend the 
Houfe that Day. 

Propofals from * Dec. II. The Lords having defired a Confe- 
thc Lords to the rence with the other Houie concerning the Matter 
Commons, in f th j aft R emon ft rance from the Army, the Sub- 

Purfuancc of the ... i rr i \ 

l*ft Reprefenta- nance of what was to be ottered to them was re- 

tion from the ported this Day, and agreed to : 

Awt) J f ' That the Petitions from the Counties of Hert- 

ford^ Middlefex, and Buckingham complaining of 
$he Burden of free Quarter, may be communi- 
cated at this Conference ; and the Houfc of Com- 
mons be defired that fome fpcedy and efFeclual 
Courfe may be taken, by providing Pay for the Ar- 
my, that the Counties may be cafed of this great 


of E N G L A N D. 399 

' * That the Army may have Security for their An. 13 car. I. 
Arrears, by fuch a Provilion as may give them a J6 + 7 ' 
reasonable Satisfaction. " December 

* That the Ordinance for Indemnity may be made 
full, that they may not be in Danger to be quefti- 
oned for fuch Things as they have a&ed, as Soldiers, 
in the Service of the Parliament. 

* That, upon the i6th Day of November lalt, the 
Lords did, at a Conference, recommend thefe 
Things to the Houfe of Commons ; but not hear- 
ing from them any Refolutions in thefe Particulars 
in all this Time, and finding the Delay thereof is 
yery prejudicial to. the Kingdom, their Lordlhipa 
do again remind them of it ; and, for their Parts, 
fhall hold themfelves difcharged, as having in this 
done their Duty to. the Kingdom/ 

Th.e fame Day the following Petition was pre* 
fenced and read in the Houfe of Lords. 

To the Right Honourable thf LORDS and COMMONS. 
ajjembled in Parliament. 

})e HUMBLE PETITION offondry Mini/ten within 
the County of Rutland and Parts adjactnt^ 

Humbly Jhnueth, 

" TH HAT your Petitioners, being allured of the petition from 

* JL fincere intentions and real Endeavours of ferer!llMiniftCTS ' 
the Honourable Houfes to promote the. Reform*- 

* tion of Religion,. and the Extirpation of Popery, 

* Herefy, and Schifm, according to the Solemn 
' League and Covenant, and to. bring to. con* 

* dign Puuiftiment all fuch as (hall endeavour the 

* contrary ; as appears by an Ordinance of the 
Houfes of the 26th of' April 1645, anc * ty a De- 

* claration of the Houfes, of Commons for the ap- 

* prehending of Offenders, in that Kind, of tha 

* 30th of UeciTnber 1646; and the Expreffion of 

* their deep Senfe of God's Difhonotir in the fpread- 

* ing of fuch Blafphemies and Herefies, as tend to 

4. * the 

400 *rhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

' lr - * the Subverfion of the Faith ; with Profeffcon & 

i ~ _, _j l improve the utmoft of their Endeavours, that 

December. * nothing be i! ric againft the Truth, but for the 

' Truth, as in th Ordinance for the Faft, the 4th 

c of February, 1646. 

* Upon Cnnfideration thereof, we your Peti- 
' tioners are" emboldened, in Purfusnce of the (aid 
' Covenant, and in Dlfcharge cf oiir Duty to God 
and the State, to rtprefent unto the Honourable 
4 Houfes, the perilous Condition wherein our Coun- 
' try now ftands, by reafon of divers erroneous and 
6 feducing Spirits, lately crept in amorigft us, fuc- 

* cecding one another in their wicked Practices ; 

* namely, one ff^yke Lamb, and efpeciully one Sa- 

* muel Gates, now fettling himfelf amongft us, a 
W'-aver by Trade, and a profeft and known Ana-. 

* baptiji, who pretends to have his Authority from 
' God, and not from Man ; one that hath been 

* arraigned for the Death of a Woman re-bapti-* 

* zed by hiiti^ ftff which, and other his grofs Mif- 
" demeanors, he (lands bound to the good Beha- 

* viouf ; and, having been driven out of other 
' Countries by the Hands of Juftice, is bold to 
4 thruft himfelf into the County of Rutland, going 
f up and down from Town to Town preaching 

* and re->baptiz<ing very many$ and drawing a Con- 
' courfe of People after him ; appointing his public 

* Meetings weekly in Barns and Stables, and fuch 

* unfeemly and Unfit Places ; fometimes alfo he 
' breaks into Churches* thrufts himfclf into our Pul- 

* pits, and vents moft falfe and heretical Doctrines 
' of Arminianijm, Antinomlanifm, Anabaptifm, So- 
c dnianiftn, and divers other Tenets tending to A- 

* theifm, fome Particulars whereof we exhibit in 

* the Articles hereunto annexed ; whereby he draws 
' Difciples after him, not only to prey upon their 

* Eftates for his Belly's Sake, but poifons their 
' Souls with his wicked Errors j filling this Court- 

* ty with divers Sets and Schifms ; withdrawing 
' them from their own Minifters into mutinous 

* AfTemblies weekly, almoft daily, and perverting 
whole Families j working Divifions even between 

* neareft 

of ENGLAND. 401 

c neareft Relations ; which tends not only to an An - 23 Car. i. 

* apparent Schiiin and Separation, but to a general t ^ 

* Mutiny thro' this County and Par;s adjacent o,t 

* Lincoln^ Northampton^ and Lelccjhr^ Shires bor- 

* dering upon us ; he having of" hue difperfed and 

* endeavoured to promote that feditious Paper called, 

* The Agreement 6f ibc People, which he hath, by 

* himfelf or Agents, brought or lent to feveral 
4 Towns in the County : All which, if not timely 

* prevented, will, in all likelihood, raifc a great 
1 Combuftion among us fpcedily ; the rather be- 
' caufe he is now labouring to i'ettle himfelf and 

* Family among uj, to our further Diilurbance. 

* In due Confideration thereof, we humbly pray 

* the Honourable Houies to caufe the faid Samuel 
4 Oates to be forthwith apprehend c.l and committed 
' to fafe Cuftody according to the aforefaid Decla- 

* ration, and fpeedily to fupprefs ail fuch mutinous 
' Meetings and Concourle of People occafioned by 
' him ; and, if it feem good to your Wifdom, to 
' eafe yourfetves of the Trouble, and us of the 
' Charge and Burden, of bringing up any Wit- 

* nefles to London^ to grant out a Commifllon to 

* fome Juftices and Gentlemeri of the County, and 
' Parts adjacent, fuch as are not tainted with thefe 
' Errors, nor have countenanced fuch Practices, to 

* examine Witnefles, and to return their Examina- 
' tions to your Honours ; or what other Courfe 

* your Wifdoms (hall appoint in Juftice, fo as we 
' may be freed from thisDifturbance for the prefent, 

* and fecured from the like for the future, 

And we Jball pray, $fc. 

This Petition was figncd. by the Miniftcrs of 
nineteen Parilhes in Rutland/btrt. 

ARTICLES egoinjl SAMUEL OATES, cnrsxed lo, 
and exhibited with, the foregoing Petition to t'jt 
Honourable Houjes, 

I. ' The faid Samuel Oates being a Weaver by 

* Trade, and having no lawful Calling to the Mi- 

V 9 i.. XVI. C c ' Jiiftry. 

*fhe Parliamentary HISTORY 

1 niliry, takes upon him to preach and adminifter 
4 the Sacraments ; and, being a known and profeft 
e Anabaptijl, hath re-baptized very many in the 
' County of Rutland, ftill continuing to feduce 
* mure and more to h-is wicked Errors, and drawing 
' the People into Factions and Separations ; preach - 
ing in Barns and Stables and private Houfes, 

* venting many erroneous Db&rines,. contrary to the 
4 Doctrine and Faith received and believed in our 

* Church of England; as namely,. 

1. * That Chrift died for all, and every Man, 

* perverting Scriptures to that End, Ifaiah Iv. i. 
' Gcnefis iv. 7. 

2. ' That Eleclion is out of forefeen Faith ; and 
' that every Man hath Power to believe. 

3. c That the Ch-urch of England is no true" 

* Church, 

4. ' That the Minifters of the faid Church are 

* are Antichriftian Prieits, perjured Perfons. 

5. c That the Baptizing of Infants is a Mark of 

* the Beaft, and a Cozening of Children. 

6. ' That the Old Teilameat is nulicd, and 
6 they that preach it, or alledge it, are 'Moftfs 

* Difciples, not CbrijFs. 

7. ' That there b no Sabbath to be obferved ; 

* but all Days are alike. 

8. ' 'l^hat any Man may preach and admmifter 

* the Sacraments as well as a Minifter. 

9. ' That the Soul of Man was created" mortal 1 , 

* and dies or fleeps with the Body. 

i o. 4 That the Settling of Religion by a Law h 
' Idolatry and Superftition. 

ir. 'He makes Men believe that his Baptifm 
' hath cured Men of the Gout, and other Dif- 
' cafes. 

II. c He the faid Oates is a Man evil and fcan- 
' dalous in his Lifc, and guilty of many Mifde- 

* mcanors. 

i. 'He hath been openly arraigned at the Af- 

* fizes at Chdmsfordy in Ejfex y for the Death of a 
4 Woman. 

a. He 



2. * He (lands bound to his good Behaviour for An. 2 ^ Car. it 

* divers his Mifdcmc?.nors. 1647. 

3. ' He carrieth Women about with him from v v " ' 

Place to Place, being abfent from their Families Dcember ' 

' and Hufbands two or three Weeks together, pur- 
c Joining from them to maintain himfeif; 

4. ' He dips Women nakcdj and in the Night, 

* fit for Works of Darknefs; 

5. ' He flights and vilifies the Authority of Par- 

* liament. 

6. ' He makes Mutinies in the Country, and 
' gives out raoft dangerous Words by himfeif, or 

* his Agents, of the cutting of their Throats that 

* are oppofite to him in their Opinions. 

7. ' He hath lately .been a great Difperfer and 

* Promoter of that feditious Paper, called, The 

* Agreement of the People, bringing and fending it 
' to and from divers Places in the Country* 

8. ' He hath prevailed with People to thruft out 
' fome good Minifters, put into Livings by the 
4 Parliament, and to bring in others put out by 
c Sequeftration. 

9. * He moil bitterly rails againft Minifters for 

* their Maintenance, and yet moft bdely p;oes bcg- 

* ging about from One to one in their Meetings, 
1 with his Hat open under his Arm to receive their 
' Alms; by which means he robs many of his poor 

* deluded Followers, for his own Belly i 

TO. ' He hath at feveral Times broken into 

* Churches, with his mutinous Company following 
' him, in Affront of the Minifters of thofe Places ; 

* and there vented his wicked Errors, in Oppofi- 

* tion unto them, even to iome of their Faces, by 

* way of Preaching.' 

After reading thefe Articles, the Lords ordered 
that the faid Samuel Gates be lent for as "a Delin- 
quent to anfwer the foregoing Charge. 

The fame Day alfo, December II, a Mcflage 

was brought from the Houfe of Commons" by Mr. 

John Setelen, defiring the Lords Concurrrence to 

C c 2 four 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

f our J3jj[ s to ^, e p re f e nte(l to his MsjeiK' for his 
Royal Afient; and in cafe the Lords do agree to 
December. tne fad Bills, then the Houfe of Commons alfo 
defire their Lordftiips Concurrence to fome In- 
ftru6tions as to the ^farmer how they (hail be fent 
to the King. 

The Titles of the BILLS were thefe : 

1. An AZ concerning the, fettling, and 
maintaining Forces by Sen and La.. u uiti.nn u.>c King- 
doms cf England and Ireland, and Dominion of 
\Vales, the Ijlands of Gucrnfey t?Wjerfey, and the 
Town of Berwick upon Tweed. 

2. An Acl for 'ii'.jiijying the Proceedings of Parlia- 
ment in the late War ; and j'or declaring all Oaths , 
Declarations, Proclamations^ ax.! c: ! ;er Proceeding; 
aga'injl them, to It z:;.-V. 

3. An SIS concerning Peers lately made, or here- 
after to be made. 

4. An Aft concerning the Adjournment of both 
Houfes of Parliament. 

INSTRUCTIONS 'for Bafil Eorl of Denbigjh* Ed- 
ward Lord Montague, Mr. Bullcley, Mr. Lifle, 
Mr. Kemp, and Mr. Robert Goodwin, to g 
with the four BILLS to the King. 

inftruftions to \/^OU, or any three of you, whereof one 
the Payment's t Member of the Houfe of Peers, and two 

Commiflioners > 

appointed to at. ' Members of the Houfe of Commons to be pre- 
tend the King in f ent) are to re pair to his Majefty with thefe Bills, 

thcllfle of Wight. < and purfue thefe Inftru<aions . To attend his 

* Majefty for the Space of ten Days, and no longer, 
' and to return back to the faid Houfes refpeclively 

* with his Majefty 's Anfwer.' 

The Lords read all the above-mentioned Bills 
twice this Day, with the InftrudYions to the Com- 
miflioners concerning the Manner of prefeming 
them to the King. Three D.tys after, Dec. 14, 
they were all read a third Time, and pafled with- 
out any Divifion. But it is remarkable that the 
5 Inftruclions 

^ENGLAND. 405 

Fnftru<Hons only, not the Bills, were ordered to be Aa - a 3 Car - 
communicated to the Scots Ccmmiifioners for their v ^_ ' 
Confcnt: A Circumftance which proved a Bone December, 
of great Contention between the two Kingdoms 

Thefe four Bills, and the Propofitions annexed, 
were formed upon the Plan of thofe prefented to 
his Majefty at Newcajlle in July 1646 ; but there 
are fome very great and eflential Differences (both 
of Addition and Omiflion) from what was then 
agreed on by the Commiffioners of both Kingdoms. 
Thefe Alterations, which chiefly affected the Rights 
of the Crown, the Solemn League and Covenant, 
Prefbyterian Church-Government, Indulgence to 
tender Confciences, and Matters of joint Intereft, 
gave fo great Offence to the Commiffioners of 
Scotland, that they prefented feveral very warm Re- 
monftrances againft them to both Houfes of the 
Englijh Parliament; to which the latter paying little 
or no Regard, the others publickly protefted againft 
the King's giving his Confent to thefe four Bills 
and Propofitions. For this Reafon it will be ne- 
ceffary to fubjoin fome of them at large ; and the 
more fo, as they are but imperfectly given in Mr. 
Rujhworth's Colleftions* and in Roy/Ion's Edition of 
the King's Works: But to fuch Articles thereof as 
underwent no Alteration, a Reference to our for- 
mer Volume will be fufficient. 

The Four BILLS fent to the KING in the Ifle of 
Wight to be pajjed : Together zvith the PROPO- 
SITIONS fent unto him at the fame Time, which, 
upon the pajfing of thofe Bills, were to he treated 
upon (b). 

HP HE Lords and Commons aflembled in Par- 
* JL liament have commanded us to prefent 
4 your Majefty thefe four Bills, which have pafled Majefty for the 
the two Houfes of Parliament. Royal Afleat, 

C c 3 Suit 

(b) From the original Edition, printed by T.d'-jatrd Hnfi>4sJ( t 
printer to the Honourable Houlc of Commons, 1647. 

406 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

13 0i 


An< 2J Can !> Xoii 'boiiti, aux Seigneurs^ 

December. A ccfle BilL It's Scipmurs font afj'cniuz. 

n ACT concerning the raijing, fettling^ and main-* 
taining Forces^ by Sea and by Land, within the 
Kingdoms of England and Ire!, nci, and Dominion 
of Wales, /At' IJles of Guernfey and Jerfey, and 
the Town of Berwick upon Tweed. 

E it enacted by the King's Majefty, and by 
the Lords and Commons afiembled in Par- 

* liament, and by the Authority of the fame, That 
' the Lords and Commons in the Parliament of 

* England now aflembled, or hereafter to be alTem- 

* bled, fliall, during the Space of twenty Years, 

* from the firft of November ', 1647, am:, : ;:in, 

I and difcipline, or caufe to be arm'd, train'd, and 
'difciplin'd, all the Forces of the Kingdcns of 

* Engi<tnd arid Ireland^ and the Dominion or Wales^ 

* the Ifles of Guernfcy and "Jcrfcy, and the Town 
' of Berwick upon Tweed. } already raifed both for 
' Sea and Land Service ; and fliall appoint all 

* Commanders and Officers for the faid Forces j 
' and fhall, from Time to Time, during the faid 
4 Space cf twenty Years, raife, levy, arm, train, 
' and difcipline, or caufe to be rais'd, levied, arm'd, 

* train'd, and difcipiined any other Forces fc\r 

* Land and Sea Service, in the Kii-gdcms, Dor.i- 

* nii^n:-, and Places alortfaid, as in their Judg- 

II ments they fliall, from Time to 1 imej during 

* the frad Space of twenty Years, think fit and .p- 

* point : And fliali, from Time to Time, app int 
' all Commanders and Officers for the laid Forces, 

* or remove them as they fhall fee Caufc : And 
4 fhall likewife nominate, appoint, place, or dif- 
6 place, as they frtall fee G'.ufe, all CVvnmanders 
f and Officers' within the fcvcnil G^Crifons, Forts, 

* and Places of Strength, as (hall be within the 
f Kingdoms of Engli;:d^ Inland, and Dominion 

* cf H'cdc^ the Ifles of Gucri^j unJ Jcrfr^ and 
i the To\yn of Berwick upon Tweed : And th;,t 

' r.either 

*f ENGLAND. 407 

* .neither the King, his Heirs or SuccefTors, nor any An. 23 Car. I. 

* ; other but fuch as {hall act by the Authority or ,. _'_ 6 ' 1 ' 7 '_ j 
' Approbation of the faid Lords and Commons, December. 

* (hall, during the faid Space of twenty Years, 
' exercife any of the Powers aforefaid. 

* And be 'it further enaclcd, by the Authority 

* aforefaid, That Monies be raifed and levied, for 

* the Maintenance and Ufe of the faid Forces for 

* Land Service, and of the Navy and Forces for 

* Sea Service, in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways and 
' Means, as the faid Lords and Commons {hall, 

* from Time to Time, during the faid Space of 
' twenty Years, think fit and appoint, and not 
' otherwife : And that all the faid Forces, both 
' for Land and Sea Service, fo railed or levied, or 

* to be raifed or levied ; and alfo the Admiralty or 

* Navy fhall, from Time to Time, during the faid 
' Space of twenty Years, be employed, managed, 
' .ordered, difpofed, or difbanded by the faid Lords 

* and Commons, in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways 
' and Means, as they (hall drink fit and appoint, 

* and not otherwife. 

' And be it further enacted, by the Authority 
e aforefaid, That the faid Lords and Commons, 
' during the faid Space of twenty Years, {hall 

* have Power in fuch Sort, and by fuch Ways and 
' Means as they {hall think fit and appoint, to fup- 

* prefs all Forces railed, or to be raifed, without 
' Authority and Confent of the faid Lords and 
' Commons, to the Difturbance of the Public 

* Peace of the Kingdoms of England and Ireland^ 
' and Dominion of IJ^ales^ the Ifles of Gucrnfty 

* and Jerfcy, and the Town of Berwick upon 
' Tweed, or any of them : And alfo to fupprefs 
' any foreign Forces, who {hall invade, or endca- 
' vour to invade, the Kingdoms of England and 
' Ireland^ Dominion of Wales, and the Ifles of 

* Guernsey and Jerfey, and the Town of Berutick 
' upon Tweed, or any of them : And likewife to 

* conjoin fuch Forces of the Kingdom of England^ 
4 with the Forces of the Kingdom cf Scotland^ as 

C c 4 * the 

40 8 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An !? Car. t < the faid Lorus and Commons fhall, from Time 

f ' to Time, duiing the faid Space cf twenty Years, 

December. * i uc *o e ^t anc ^ m - ce ff*ry to reiift ail foreign Inva- 
c fions, and to fupprefi any Forces raifed, or to be 

* raifed, againft or within cither of the faid King- 

* doms, to the Difturbance of the Public Peace of 

* the faid Kingdoms, or any of them, by any Au- 
thority under the Great Seal, or other Warrant 

* whatsoever, without Confent of the faid Lords 
"* and Commons of the Parliament of Englond, and 

* the Parliament, or the Eftates of the Parliament, 

* of Scotland refpeclively : And that no Forces of 

* either Kingdoms Pnall go into, or continue in, 

* the other Kingdom, without the Advice and 

* Dtfiie of the (aid Lords and Commons of the 

* Parliament of England, ;:nd the Parliament of the 
' Kingdom of Sat'and, or fuch as fhall be by them 

* refpeclively appointed for that Purpofe. 

4 And he it enacted, by the Authority aforefaid, 

* That after the Expiration of the faid twenty 

* Years, neither the King, his Heirs or Succefibrs, 

* or any Perfon or Perfons, by Colour or Pretence 

* of any Commiflion, Power, Deputation, or Au- 

* thority to be derived from the King, his Heirs or 
*- Succeflbrs, or any of them, fhall raife, arm, train, 

* difcipline, employ, order, manage, difband, or 

* difpofe any of the Forces, by Sea and Land, of 
1 the Kingdoms of England and Ireland, the Do- 

* minion cf Wales, the Ifles of Guernfey and Jerfey^ 

* and the Town of Berwick upon Tweed, or any of 

* them 3 nor exerciie any of the faid Powers or 

* Authorities before-mentioned and exprefled to be, 
' during the faid Space of twenty Years, in the faid 

* Lords and Commons ; nor do any A6t or Thing 
c concerning the Execution of the faid Powers or 
' Au'horities, or any of them, without the Confent 

* of the faid Lords and Commons firft had and 

* obtained. 

' And be it further alfo enacted, That after the 
' Expiration of the faid twenty Years, in all Cafes 

* wherein the faid Lords and Commons &all de- 

Sf ENGLAND. 409 

1 clare the Safety of the Kingdom to be concerned, An. 23 Car- 1. 
4 2nd fnall thereupon pafs any Bill or Bills for the lf 47- 
' railing, arming, training, difciplining, employ- December.' 

* ing, managing, ordering, or tiifpcilng of the 

* Forces, by Sea or Land, of the Kingdoms of 
' England and Ireland^ the Dominion of Wales t 
'" Ifles of Gucrnfcy and Jerfcy^ and the Town of 
1 Berwick upon 5Tttv/, or of any Part of the faid 

Forces, or concerning the faid Admiralty or Navy j 

* or concerning the levying of Monies for the 

* Raifing, Maintenance, or Ufe of the faid Forces 

* for Land Service, or of the Navy and Forces for 
' Sea Service, or any Part of them ; and if that 
4 the Royal Affent to fuch Bill or Bills fhall not 
4 be given in the Houfe of Peers within fuch Time 
' after the pafling thereof by both Houfes of Par- 

* liament, as the faid -Houfes ftiall judge fit and 
4 convenient, that then fuch Bill or Bills fo pafled 

* by the faid Lords and Commons as aforefaid, 

* and to which the Royal AfTent {hall not be given 

* as is herein before expreffed, (hall neverthelefs, 
' after Declaration of the faid Lords and Commons 

* made in that Behalf, have the Force and Strength 
4 of an A61 or A6ts of Parliament ; and (hall be 
' as valid, to all Intents and Purpofes, as if the 
4 Royal AfTent had been given thereunto. 

* Provided always, and be it further enacted, by 
' the Authority aforefaid, That nothing herein be- 
4 fore contained, (hall extend to the taking away 
4 of the ordinary legal Power of Sheriffs, Juftices 

* of Peace, Mayors, Bailiffs, Coroners, Conftables, 
4 Headboroughs, or other Officers of Juftice, not 

* being Military Officers, concerning the Admini- 

* ftration of Juftice ; fo as neither the faid Sheriffs, 

* Juftices of Peace, Mayors, Bailiffs, Coroners,, 

* Conftables, Headboroughs, and other Officers, or 

* any of them, do levy, conduct, employ, or com- 
4 mand any Forces whatfoever, by Colour or Pre- 
' tence of any Commifiion of Array, or extraordi^ 
4 nary Command from his Majefty, his Heirs, or 
4 SuccefTors, without the Confent of the faid Lords 
' and Commons : And that if any Perfons fhall be 

4 gathered 

4 1 o The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n< iT Car> T * ' S atnered and aflembied together in warlike Man- 

_ .' 47 ' _j * ner, or otherwife, to thc^Number of thirty Per- 

December. ' fons, and fhall not forthwith feparate and difperfe 

' themfelves, being required thereto by the faid 

* Lords and Commons, or Command from them, 
' or any by them efpecially authorifed for that 
' Purpofe, then fuch Perfon and Perfons, not fo 

* ftparatinj and difperfmg themfelves, (hall be 
' guilty, and incur the Pains of High Treafon ; 

* being firft declared guilty of fuch Offence by 

* the faid Lords and Commons, any CommiiTioa 
' under the Great Seal, or other Warrant to the 
' contrary notwithftanding ; and he or they that 

* fhall offend herein, fhall be incapable of any 
' Pardon from his Majefty, his Heirs, and Suc- 

* ceffors ; and their Eftates fhall be difpofed as the 
f faid Lords and Commons fhall think fit, and not 
' otherwife. 

* Provided alfo further, That the City of London 

* fhall have and enjoy all their Rights, Liberties, 
' and Franchifes, Cuftoms, and Ufages, in the 

* raifing and employing the Forces of that City 

* for the Defence thereof, in as full and ample 

* Manner, to all Intents and Purpofes, as they have, 

* or might have, ufed or enjoyed the fame at any 
' Time before the Sitting of this prefent Parlia* 
1 mem, 

Soit lailU aux Seigneurs, 
A ceJJe Bille Its Seigneurs font ajjentuz : 

An ACT for jufofyng the Proceedings of Parliament 
in the late ll'ar^ and for declaring all Oatbs^ De- 

Proclamations, and other Proceedings 
agalrjl it to be void. 

* Y\/H ereas the Lords and Commons aflembled 
W in Parliament have been necefiitated to 

* make and profecute a War in their juft and law- 

* ful Defence ; and thereupon Oaths, Declarations, 

* and Proclamations, have been made againft them 
' and their Ordinances and Proceedings, and a- 

* gainft others for adhering unto them, and for 

4 executing 

^ENGLAND. 411 

Offices, Places, and Charges by Au- An. a 3 Car. I, 

* thority derived from them ; and Judgments, In- t * *7* f 
' diclments, Outlawries, Attainders, and Inqui- December< 

* fitions for the Caufes aforefaid, have been had 
' and made againft fome of the Members of the 
' Houfes of Parliament, and other his Majefty's 
c good Subjects, and Grants have been made of 
' their Lands and Goods : Be it therefore declared, 
' and hereby enacted, by the King's Majefty, and 

* by the Lords and Commons affembled in Pariia- 
4 ment, and by Authority of the fame, That all 

* Qaths, Declarations, and Proclamations, hereto- 
' fore had or made againft both or either of the 

* Houfes of Parliament, or any the Members of 
' either of them, for the Caufes aforefaid, or againft 

* their Ordinances or Proceedings, or againft any 

* for adhering unto them, or for doing, or execu- 
' ting any Office, Place, or Charge, by any Au- 
' thority derived from the faid Houfes, or either of 
' them ; and all Judgments, Indictments, Outlaw- 
' ries, Attainders, Inquifitions, and Grants there- 
4 upon made, and all other Proceedings for any the 

* Caufes aforefaid, had, made, done, or executed, 
c or to be had, made, done, or executed, whether 
' the fame be done by the King, or any Judges, 

* Juftices, Sheriffs, Minifters, or any others, are 
' void and of no Effeft, and are contrary to and 

* againft the Laws of this Realm. 

4 And be it further enacted, and hereby declared, 
4 by the Authority aforefaid, That all Judges, Jul- 
' tices of the Peace, Mayors, Sheriffs, Conftables, 

* and other Officers and Minifters (hall take No- 

* tice hereof ; and are hereby prohibited and dif- 
1 charged, in all Time to come, from awarding any 
4 Writ, Procefs, or Summons, and from pronoun- 

* cing or executing any Judgment, Sentence, or 
' Decree, or any way proceeding againft, or mo- 
4 lefting, any of the laid Members of the two 
1 Houfes of Parliament, or againft any of theSub- 

* jets of this Kingdom, for any the Caufes afore- 

c tydr 1 


4 1 2 7#<? Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 25 Car. I. &,// fo//// ^^ Seigneur -j, 

v > ' A cejle Bille hs Seigneurs font ajjentuz. 

An ACT concerning Peers lately jnade t and hereafter 
to be made. 

13 E it enafted, by the King's M'jefly, and by 
' 13 the Lords and Commons afiembled in Par- 

* liament, That all Honour and Title of Peerage 

* conferred on any fmce the 2oth Day of May y 

* 1642, (being the Day that Edward Lord Little- 

* ton^ then Lord-Keeper of the Great Seal, de- 
e fcrted the Parliament, and that the faid Great Seal 
' was furreptiiioufly conveyed away from the Par- 
e liament) be, and is hereby made and declared 
' null and void. 

4 Be it further enacted, and it is hereby enacted, 
c by the Authority aforefaid, That no Perfon that 

* {hall hereafter be made a Peer, or his Heirs, (hall 
' fit or vote in the Parliament of England, without 
' Confent of both Houfes of Parliament/ 

Soit bailie aux Seigneurs, 

A cefte Bille les Seigneurs font aj/entuz. 

An ACT concerning the Adjournments of both Houfei 

of Parliament. 

< T) E it declared and ena&ed, by the King's Ma- 
- J3 jefty, and by the Lords and Commons af- 
c fembled in Parliament, and by the Authority of 

* the fame, That when, and as often as, the Lords 

* and Commons aflembled in this prefent Parlia- 

* ment (hall judge it necefTary to adjourn both 
Houfes of this prefent Parliament, to any other 
5 Place of the Kingdom of Eng land than where they 

* now fit, or from any Place adjourn the fame again 
c to the Place where they now fit, or to any other 
\ Place within the Kingdom of England^ then fuch 

* their Adjournment and Adjournments to fuch 
4 Place, and for fuch Time as they (hall appoint, 

* ihall at all Times, and from Time to Time, be 
' valid and good, any Acl, Statute, or Ufage to 

* the contrary notwithftanding. 


vf E N G L A N D. 413 

* Provided always, and be it enaled, by the Au- An 2 3 Car - 
"* thority aforefaid, That no Adjournment or Ad- t l647 ' 

* journments to be had or made, by Realon or Co- December. 
1 lour of this Aft, fhall be deemed, adjudged, or 

' taken, to make, end, or determine, any Sefiion 

* of this prefent Parliament. 

' And they have alfo commanded us to prefent 
4 to your Majefty thefe enfuing Propofitions : 

I. np HAT an Aft or Afts of Parliament be 
J. patted, That all Grants, Cornmiflions, p 

* Prefentations, fcff. [This Proportion is the fame 
with the nineteenth Proportion preferred to the King at 
Newcaftle. See Volume Fifteenth, p. 48.] 

II. * That an Act or Afts of Parliament be paf- 

* fed, That the King do give his Royal A (lent to 

* fuch Aft or Afts, for raifmg Monies, &c. [This 
it the fame with the fixth Claufe of the twelfth Pro- 
pofition, at Newcaftle, p. 32.] 

III. * That the King do give his Confent, That 

* the Members of both Houfes of Parliament, or 

* others who have adhered to the Parliament, and 
' ha\e been put out, by the King, of any Place or 

* Office, Penfion or Benefit, be reftored thereunto. 

IV. That an Aft or Acts of Parliament be 

* pafled, to declare and make void the Ceflation of 

* Ireland, &c. [The fame as the feventeenth Propo- 
fttlon, p. 46.] 

V. 4 That an Aft or Acts of Parliament be 
' paffed for Indemnity, agreeable to the two Or- 

* dinances of both Houfes already patted for that 

VI. ' That his Majefty be defired to ive his 

* Aflent to an Aft or Afts of Parliament, for the 

* taking away the Court of Wards and Liveries, 

* and of all Wardfliips, Liveries, Primer Seifins^ 

* and Oujler les Mains \ and of all other Charges 
' incident unto, or arifing for, or by reafon of 
' any Wardfhips, Liveries, Primer Seijim, or Oujler 
les Mains ; and of all Tenures by Homage, Fines, 
' Licenfes, Seizures, and Pardons for Alienation ; 

* and of all other Charges incident or belonging 

* thereunto, 

The Parliamentary HISTORY 

thereunto, or for, or by reafon thereof, from the 

24th of February, 1645 : And that all Tenures, 

December. by Knight's Service, Grand Sergeanty, Petty 
Sergeanty, or Soccage in Capite, either of his 
Majelty, or of any other Perfon or Perfons, may 
be, from the Time aforefaid, turned into free and 
common Soccage ; and that the Sum of 50,000 /. 
per Annum be granted to the King by way of Re- 

VII. That nn Aft or Ads of Parliament fhall 
be pafTed, declaring the King 3 Approbation of the 
making the Treaties between the Kingdoms of 
England and Scotland^ &c. [The fame as the fifteenth^ 

p. 37, except that there it isfiyled^ An Act for Con- 
firmation of the Treaties, &c. and theje frordt are 
omitted hi the nnv Propofoion, With all other Or- 
dinances and Proceedings pafTed between the two 
Kingdoms, and whereunto they are obliged by the 
aforefaid Treaties. There are alfo fame Alterations 
in the Names of the Cojnmijjioners.~\ 

VIII. c Thar the Arrears of Pay due to the 

* Army, and others the Soldiery of this Kingdom, 

* who have faithfully ferved the Parliament in this 

* War, fhall be fecured and paid unto them out of 

* the remaining Part of the Lands and Revenues 

* of Archbiftiops and Bifhops, belonging to their 
' Archbifhopricks or Bifhopricks, after fuch En- 

* gagements fatisfied as are already charged there- 

* upon by an Ordinance of both Hcufes of Parlia- 
'* ment ; and out of two thirds in three, to be di- 

' vided of all the Forfeitures of Lands ; and all 
' the Fines of the Perfons mentioned, or compre- 
' hended in, the three firft Qualifications of the 
' Propofition concerning Delinquents ; and alfo out 

* of all Forcft-Lnnds, within the Kingdom of Eng- 

* land and Dominion of If^ales^ Piovihon being 
' made upon the Difaforcftation thereof, for the 
c Relief of the Inhabitants within the lame, and 
' all other the Subjects of this Realm, who have 

* Risht of Common, or any other Right in- the 

* faid Forefts : And thrxt the King do give his Con- 
' fent to fuch Ace c-- Acts r.s ih:>!l be prcfented t 

* hiai 

of E N G L A N D. 4'5 

* him by both Houfes of Parliament, for the Sale An - * fi 3 " lt 

* or difpofmg of the faid Lands and Fines for the . . v ' -- 
' Purpofe aforefaid. December. 

IX. t That an Aft or Ads of Parliament be 

* pafled, for the utter abolifhing and taking away 
of all Archbiihops, Bifliops, &c. [The fame as 
the third Proportion, p. 30.] 

X. ' That the feveral Ordinances, the one in- 

* tituled, An Ordinance of Parliament, for aboliftnng 

* of ArcWijhops and Bijhops within the Kingdom of 

* England and Dominion of Wales j and for fettling 

* of their Lands and Pojfijfions upon Truftees, for the 
' Ufe of the Commonwealth : The other intituled, 
4 An Ordinance of the Lords and Commons ajjembled 
' in Parliament^ for appointing the Sale of Bijhops 
' Lands, for the Ufe of the Commonwealth^ be con- 

* firmed by Acl of Parliament. 

XI. ' That the King do give his Confent to 

* fuch Act or Acts of Parliament, as (hall be ten- 
c dered to him by both Houfes of Parliament, for 

* the Sale of the Lands of Deans and Sub-Deans, 
' Deans and Chapters, Arch-Deacons, Canons, 

* and Prebendaries ; and all Chantors, Chancellors, 
' Treafurers, Sub-Treafurcrs, Succentors, and Sa- 
crifts ; and all Vicars Choral and Chorifters, Old 

* Vicars and New Vicars of any Cathedral or Col- 

* legiate Church, and for the Difpofal thereof as 

* both Houfes (hall think fit. 

XII. ' That the Perfons expreffed and contained 

* in the three firft Qualifications following, be pro- 

* ceeded with, and their Eftatcs difpofed of, as both 
c Houfes of Parliament fhall think n't or appoint ; 
' and that their Perfons fhall not be capable of 

* Pardon by his Majefty, without Confent of both 
' Houfes of Parliament : The Houfes hereby de- 

* claring, That they will not proceed as to the 

* taking away of Life, of any in the firft ^ualifi- 

* cation^ to above the Number of feven Perlbns. 

* Rupert and Maurice^ Counts Palatine of the 

* Rhine ^ &c. [Here follow the Names of all the 

' Englifh 

4 * 6 Tke Parliamentary HISTORY 

A:i ',5^ Car ' ''Engliih Lords and Gentlemen, mentioned In our Fif- 
t v ' 7 ' . teenth Pc-turne, p. 38. the Scots DelinqxtKts being 

December. Omitted, J 

7^^ Second, Tliird, and Fourth QUALIFICATIONS, 
fl<7 //-> three Branches of tie Fourth^ the fame as at 
p. 39, to 42. 

TJye /////;, Sixth, and Seventh QUALIFICATIONS, 
the fame as at p. 42, 43. 

The Eighth QJLJALIFIC AT ION, #;?</ / 
Branches thereof, are the fame as the Ninth at 
Newcastle, p. 44. the Eighth of thofe being new 

TJ)e Ninth QJJ AL IF I CATION, the fame as the 
Tenth> p. 44. 

The Tenth Qu A L I F I C A T I o N, the fame as the 
Eleventh^ (p. 45.) except the OmiJJion of what re~ 
gards Scotland, and the following Addition : 

* Provided that all and every the Delinquents, 
which by, or according to, the feveral and re- 
fpe&ive Ordinances or Orders made by both 
or either the Houfes of Parliament, on or be- 
fore the 24th of April 1647, are to be admitted 
to make their Fines a:id Competitions under the 
Rate and Proportions of the Qualifications a- 
forefaid, (hall, according to the laid Ordinances 
and Orders relpeclively, be thereunto admitted : 
And further alfo, that no Perfon or Perfons 
whatfo.:ver, {'except fuch Papifts as having been 
in Arms, or voluntarily afliited againft the Par- 
liament, having, by concealing their Quality, pro- 
cured their AdmifTion to Compofition) which 
have already compounded, or {hall hereafter com- 
pound, and be thereunto admitted by both Houfea 
of Parliament, at any of the Rates and Propor- 
tions aforefaid, or under refpeitively, {hall be put 
to pay any other Fine, than that they have, or 
(hall refpectively, fo compound for ; except for 
fuch Eftates, or fuch Part of their Eftates, and 

4 for 

of E N G L A N D. 417 

* for fuch Values thereof refpe&ively, as have been, An. 23 Car. r, 
or (hall be, concealed or omitted, in the Particu-. 

lars whereupon they compound ; and that all and December. 
every of them fhall have thereupon their Pardons 
in fuch Manner and Form as is agreed by both 
Houfes of Parliament. 

XIII. That an A& or A&s be parted, where- 
by the Debts of the Kingdom, and the Perfons 
of Delinquents, and the Value of their Efbtes 
may be known, s"c. [This is the fecond Paragraph 

of the fecond Branch of the Eleventh Qualification^ 
at p. 45.] 

XIV. That the King be defired to give his 
fe Confent to fuch A& or Acts of Parliament, as 

* fhall be prefented unto him for the fettling of the 
c Prefbyterian Government and Directory, in Eng- 

* land and Ireland^ according to fuch Ordinances 

* as have already, fmce the fitting of this Parlia- 
' ment, paft both Houfes, and are herewithal fent j 
' which Adi or Adls are to ftand in Force to the 
' End of the next SefTion of Parliament, after the 

* End of this prefent Seffion. 

' That no Perfons whatfoever {hall be liable to 

* any Queftiott or Penalty for Non-Conformity to 
' the Form of Government and Divine Service 
' appointed in the faid Ordinances : and that all 
c fuch Perfons as fhall not conform to the faid 

* Form of Government and Divine Service, fhall 
' have Liberty to meet for the Service and Wor- 

* fhip of God, and for the Exereife of religious 

* Duties and Ordinances, in any fit and convenient 
Places, fo as nothing be done by them to the 

* Difturbance of the Peace of the Kingdom ; that 

* all Tythes or other Maintenance appertaining to 

* any Church or Chapel, which do now belong 
' to the Miniftcrs of fuch Churches or Chapels, 
fhall be applied to the Ufe and Benefit of fuch 
' Minifters as do conform to the Government fet- 
' led in the faid Ordinances, and to none other, 
4 unlefs it be by the Confent of the prefent In- 
* cumbenr. 

VOL. XVI, D d < That 

l T/je P filamentary HISTORY 

* That nc-hing in this Provifion fhr.ll extend to 
' any Tolera ion of the Popifh Religion, nor to 

* extmpt any P. pifti Rectif.n'S from any Penalties 

* impofed upon them for the Exetcife of the fame. 

4 That this Indulgence fhui. net extend to tole- 
' rate the Priming, Publiflnng, 01 Preaching of any 

* Tning contrary 10 the Prin u^ e^ of the Chriftian 
' Religion, as they urc contained in the firft. fe- 

* cond, third, fourth, fifth, fixtii, f-venth, ninth, 
'tenth, eleventh, twelfth, -thirteenth, fourteenth, 

* and fifteenth Articles of t' e Church of England, 

* according to the trj? Sf-nfe and Meaning of them, 
' and as they have been cle .- . ' and vindicated by 
' ;he AfTembly of Divines, row fitting at Weft- 
' minfier , nor of any Thing contrary to thofe 
' Points of Faith, for the Ignorance whereof Men 
' are to be kept from the Sacrament of the Lord's 

* Supper, as they are contain u in the Rules and Di- 

* reckons, for that Purpofe, pafled both Koufes the 

* 20th of Qftober^ 1645. 

* That it be alfo provided, that this Indulgence 

* fhall not extend to exempt any Perfon or Per- 
' fons from any Penalty by Law impofed, or to 
' be impofed, upon them, for abfenting themfelves, 
' upon the Lord's Day, from hearing the Word of 
' God, unlefs they can fbew reafonable Caufe of 
' their Abfence, or that they were prefent eifewhere 
' to hear the Word of God preached or expounded 

* unto them, fo as the faid Preaching or Expound- 
' ing be not by any Minifter fequeftred, and not 
' reftored. 

' That this Indulgence (hall not extend to to- 
c lerate the Ufe of the Book of Common-Prayer in 

* any Place whatfoever. 

' That: Liberty (hall be given to all Minifters of 
' the Gofpel, though they cannot conform to the 

* prefent Government in all Things, being not un- 
' der Sequeft ration, nor fequeftruble, tr pre?.c h any 
' Ledture or Lectures, in any Church . r Cn pel, 

* where they (hall be defired by the L.-n-bitants 
4 thereof j provided that it be not at luch Hours as 

4 the 

^ENGLAND. 419 

k the ^linifter of the faid Parifti doth ordinarily An. 23 Car. I. 

* preach himfelf, and (hall receive fuch Means and ._. ** 6<7 ' , 
Maintenance as doth, or (hall, thereunto apper- December. 

* tain. 

XV. That an A& or Ads of Parliament Be 
' pafTed, that the Deputy or Chief Governor, or 

* other Governors of Ireland, &c. [This Propojl- 
tlon is the fame as the third Clanfe of the feventeenih 
preferied fit Newcaftle, p. 46.] 

The fixteenth, feventeenih, eighteenth, and nine- 
teenth Articles, for the mare effett'ual di fabling of 
Jefuits and Papijls from dijlurbing the State, and 
eluding the Laws ; for the Education of the Children, 
of Pafiifts in the ProteJIant Religion, &c. are the 
fame as the feventh, eighth, ninth ', and tenth Propo- 
fitions, at p. 31. but are now extended io Ireland. 

The twentieth, tiventy-firft, twenty-fecond, and 
twenty -third Articles relate to the Obfervation of the 
Sabbath, Innovations in J^orjhip, Preaching, Plu- 
ralities, Non- Residence ; and are the fame as the firjl 
four Claufes of the twelfth Proportion, p. 32. After 
ivhich follozvs this IriJlruEl'ion to the Com?niJJioners of 
both Houfes. 

' They have alfo commanded us to defire, That 
e your Majefty will give your Royal Aflerit to thefe 

* Bills, by your Letters Patent under the Great 

* Seal of England, and figned by your Hand, and 

* declared and notified to the Lords and Commons 

* aflembled together in the Houfe of Peers, ac- 
cording to the Law declared in that Behalf; it 

* appearing unto them, upon mature Deliberation, 

* that it ftands not with the Safety and Security 
' of the Kingdom a,nd Parliament, to have your 
' Majefty's AlFent at this Time given otherwife : 

* They defire, therefore, that your Majefty be plea- 
4 fed to grant your Warrant for the Draught of a 

* Bill for fuch your Letters Patent, to be prefented 

* to your Majefty j and then a \Varrant to Edward 

* Earl of Manchejler, and William Lenthall, Efq; 

* Speaker of the Houfe of Commons, who have 
4 now rhe Cuftody of the Great Seal of England, 

* to put the fame to fuch your Majefty's Letters 

D d 2 Patent, 

420 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I.e p atent figned as aforefaid, thereby authorizing 

,_ * ^' _, * Algernon Earl of Northumberland, Henry Earl of 

December. ' Kent, John Earl of Rutland, Philip Earl of Pern- 

' broke, 'William Earl of Salifliury, Robert Earl of 

* Warwick, and Edmund Earl of Mtdgrave, or any 
' three of them, to give your Majefty's Royal 
' AfTcnt unto the faid Bills, according to the Law 
' in that Behalf declared ; and for the other Par- 
4 ticulars contained in the atore-mentioned Pro- 

* pofuions, the two Houfes of Parliament will, 
' after fuch your Majefty's A (lent given to the faid 

* Bills, fend their Committee of both Houfes to 
' treat with your Majefty in the Jjle of Wight 

* thereupon.' 

Along with the foregoing Proportions the Par- 
liament fent to the King a Copy of Fourteen of 
the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England 
referred to therein; which, as they differ in many 
Particulars from thofe now received, we think it 
a fufficient Reafon for printing them at large, with 
the Scripture Proofs added by the Aflembly of Di- 
vines. To thefe were alfo annexed certain Rules 
and Dirc6tions concerning Sufpenfion from true 
Lord's Supper. 

Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. 

/i.o fome AT. Cf'HERE hint one (a] living and true God (1], 

fcue:, of Faith, -* everlafting (c}, without Body, Parts (d), or Paf- 

Jions (e] ; of infinite Power (f), Wifdorn (g), and 

Giodnefs (h) ; the Maker and Preferver of all 

Things both viftble and invifible (i). And in the 

Unity of this Godhead there be three Per/on;, of one 

Subjiance* Power, and Eternity j the Father, the Son, 

and the Holy Ghojl (k}. 


fa^ Jfat. xlvi. 9. Cor. viii, 4, 6. (1} Jer. X. IO. I Tktff. \. 9. 
(f) Pjai. xc. 2. Ron:, xvi. 26. (d] Dent. iv. ic, 16. John iv. 24. 
with Lute xxiv. 39. (<;) Aflt xiv. i c. Jama i. 17. (f) Jer. xxxii. 
17. 27. M.irkx. 2-. (g) Pfil. cxlvii. 5. Ron:, xi. 33. (b] Pfaf. 
cj.ix. 6.1. with Mtrtl". xix. 17. (i) Nib. ix. 6. Col. i. 16, 17. 
1 1) Mattli. iii. 16, 17. Mutrb. xxviii. 19. I Jobtiw. 7. 2 Cor.xiii. 14- 



Of the Word, or Son of God, which was made December, 
very Man. 

The Son, which is the Iford of the Father , begotten 
from ever loft lug of the Father (/), the very (m] an>l 
eternal God (n} of one Sub/lance with the Father (o], 
took Mans Nature in the Womb of the bleffed Virgin, 
of her Sub/lance (p) : So thai two whole and perfect 
Natures, that is to fay, the Godhead and the Manhood^ 
were joined together in one Perfon, never to be divided r , 
whereof is one Chrijl, very God find very Man (q), 
who, for our Sakes, truly Jujfered moji grievous Tor- 
ments in his Soul from God (r), was crucified, dead^ 
and buried (s) to reconcils^ his Father to us (t), and to 
be a Sacrifice not only for original Guilt , but alfo for 
all affual Sins of Men (u). 


As Chrift died for us and was buried, fy it is to 
be believed that he continued in the State of the Dead, 
and under the Power and Dominion of Death (*), 
from the Time of his Death and Burial until his Re- 
fitrreflion ^y) ; winch hath been otherwife exprefjed 
thus. He went down into Hell. 

Of the Refurreaion of Chrift. 

Chrift did truly rife again from Death [z], and took 
again his Body, with Flejh, Bones, and all Things ap- 
pertaining to the Perfection of Mans Nature (a), 
wherewith be afcended into Heaven, and there Jit - 
D d 3 teth 

(/) Pw;. viii. 22 to 31. Jsln i. I, 2, 14. (m) I John v. 20. 
Rom. ix. 5. (n) John xvii. 5. Htb. \. 3. with ffal. xlv. 6. 
(*) Jot* x. 30. Hcb. i. 3. If John \. 14. Ifai. vii'. 14. Luke 
i. 35. Gal. iv. 4. ( f ) Ifa. vii. 14. with Afcf/6. i. 23. Rue. 
i. 3,4. Keb. xiii. 8. (r) lf,ii. liii. 10, n. Mtrk xiv. 33, 34. 
U) I Pet. ii. 24. PHI. ii.'g. i C-jr. X'. 3, 4. (t) Exck. xvi. 
63. Earn. iii. 2,-. 2 Cor. v . ig. fu) Ijfui. iiii. jo. Epk. v. a. 
1 Jobni. 7. H,b. ix. 26. (x} Pj'a/. x i. 10. with Afli\\. 24, 
25,26, ij, 31. (y) Rom. vi. g. Ma'lh. xii. 40. (z) I Cf. 
xv. 4. Rom. viii. 34. Pfaf. xvi. 1C. with /&// ii. 31. 7.a* 
xv. 34. (j) L<; sxiv. 39. with Jckn xx r i^, 47. 

42 2 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3 Car. I. f e ffj () ? un til he returp to judge (c} all Men (d] at the 
l647 ' . general Rejurreftion of the Body at the lajl Day (e\. 



Of the Holy Ghoft. 

The Holy Ghojl is very and eternal God, of one 
Sub/lance (f), Maj:fty (g), and Glory with the Father 
and the Son (h) y proceeding from the Father and the 
Son (i). 


Of the Sufficiency of the Holy Scriptures for 

Holy Scripture (k) containeth all Things xeceffary to 
Salvation (1) ; fo thai whatfoever is not read therein^ 
nor may be proved thereby, is not to be believed as an 
Article of Faith , or necej/ary to Sahatio'- (m). 

By the Name of Holy Scripture we underjland all 
the Canonical Books of the Old and New Tejlament^ 
which follow: Of the Ola Tejlament, Genefis, Ex- 
odus, &c. Of the New Tejlament^ The Go/pel ac- 
cording to Matthew, &c. All which Books^ as they 
are commonly received^ we do receive, and acknowledge 
them to be given by the Inspiration of God, and in 
that Regard to be of mojl certain Credit and highejl 


(I) Pfa.'. Ixviii. 18. with Eft. iv. 8. Pfal. ex. i. with ARs ii. 
34, 3-. Mark xvi. 19. Rom. viii. 34. (c) AEi* iii. 21. Pfal. 
ex. i. with i Cor. xv. 25. 26. j48s i. II. (<f) 2 Cor. v. jo. 
yf<7j xvii. 31. Cf) Excel, iii. 6. with Luke xx. 37, 38. Afii xxiv. 
14, IJ. 1 Cir. xv. i z, to the End. Jtbnv. 28, 29. (f) 2 Sam. 
xxiii. 2, 3. Jfai. vi. 5, 8. with sJfis xxviii. 2:. j4}i \. 3, 4. 
I Cor. iii. 16. i Cor. vi. 10. (g) Job xxvi. 13. Jvb xxxiii. 4. 
1 Cor. i2th chap. Mattb. xxviii. 19. 2 Cor. xiii. 14. (bj i Cor. 
xi). n. Ef>b. i. 17. and i Cor. ii. 8- with i Pa. iv. 14. (/) John 
xv. 26. Mattb. x. 20. r.nd i Cor. ii. ii, 12. with Gal. iv. 6. and 
Rom. viii. 9. and Phil. \. 9. John. 14. Jfai. xi. 2. Ifai. Ixi. 
I. Gen. i. 2. zC;.rsn. xv. I. (i) /?3W. i. 2. 2 7V. iii. 15. 
zPft.i. 20, 21. (/ x Pfal. xix. 7.;, 16,17. 3 f " w - 
I. 21, 25. y^<r7r xx. 32. (m) Prov. xxx. 5, 6. J/itr. viii. zoi ^?f 
XXT), 22. with ver. 20, 27. Ca/. i. 8, 9. jffl;i \. 39. , 

cf ENGLAND. 423 

An. 23 Car. T. 

ARTICLE VII. 164.7. 

Of the Old Teftament. , December. 

e The Old Tejlament is not contrary to the New, in 
the Doftrine contained in them (n) ; for both in the Old 
and New Tejiament, everlq/ling Life is offered ti 
Mankind by Chrijl (<?), who is the only Mediator be- 
tween God and Man (/>J, being both God and Man (q) ; 
wherefore they are not to be heard^ which feign that the 
eld Fathers did look only for temporary Prom;fes (t). 

Although the Law given from God by Mores,' as 
touching Ceremonies and Rites, doth not bind Chrif- 
tians (s)) nor the Civil Precepts given by Mofcs,_/2/f 
as were peculiarly fitted to the Commonwealth of the 
'Jews^ are of NeceJJity to be received in any Common- 
wealth (t) ; yet, notu.'i,h.flanding^ no Chrijlian Man 
what/sever is free from the Obedience of the Com-* 
mandments which are called Moral (u). By the Mo- 
ral Law we underftand all the Ten Commandments 
taken in their full Extent. 

Of Original, or Birth, Sin. 

Original Sin (x) Jlandeth not in the following of 
Adam, as /<? Pelagians do vainly talk (y) ; but^ toge- 
ther with his fir/} Sin imputed (z), it is the Fault and 
Corruption of the Nature of every Man that natu- 
rally is propagated from Adam ; %vhereby Alan is 
wholly deprived of original Righteoufnefs (a), and is 
D d 4 of 

() Acts xxvi. 22, 23. z Pet. iii. 2. Luke xtiv. 44. Row. iii. 
31. Gal. 111.21,23,24. (0) Gen. iii. 15. Gen. xxii. 18. with 
Gal. iii. 8, 14. i Cor. x. 2, 3, 4. Luke i. 69, 70. A3s iii. 24. 
Ifai. 5jd chap, (p) Dan. ix. 17. Rom. viii. 34. ijobii ii. I. Het. 
vii. 25. I Tim. ii. 5. John xiv. 6. (q) Gal. iv. 4, .. AEti xx. 
28. Phil. ii. 7, ?. J (r)sJfis xxvi. 6, 7. Rom. iv. u. Gal. iii. 
9. Het. xl. 10, 16, 35. (j) Gal. iv. 9, ic. Co', ii. 14, 16, 17. 
Het. ix. 9, 10. (/) Acii xxv. 9, 10, 25. with De:-t. xv:i. 8 to 13. 
Rom. xiii. i, ^. T;V. iii. j. i fef. ii. 13, 14. (u] Mattb. v. 
17, to the End. JJcw. xiii. 8, 9, 10. '/"'. vi. 1,2, 3. y^/^. ii 
8, 9, 10, ii, 12. Rom. vii. 25. /?-;w. iii. 31. 'Mattb. vii. 12. 
(*) Pfal Ii. 5. 7A iii. 5, 6. (y) ^i xiv. 4. JM xv. .4. /Jaw. 
vi. 6. y*" '" 3 5> 7- (^ ^"' 77 - v< I2 > to '9- G! ''''' ' '7- w '^* 
I Cor, xv. az. (a) Co/, ii. 13. J^OT. vii. jg. /</. vii. 29. 

424 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

of bis own Nature inclined only to Evil (b) .* So that 
the Lujl of the Fie jh, calltd, in Greek, (pgovyuet 
ffci^xcc, which fome do expound the IVifdcm, feme the 
Scnfuality, feme the Affeftim, fame the Defer e of the 
Flejh, is not fubjeSl to the Law of God (c), and there- 
fore in every Perfon born into this World it defervcth 
God's Wrath and Damnation (d). And this Infec- 
tion of Nature doth remain, yea in them that are re- 
generate (e), -whereby the Flejh lujleth always contrary 
to the Spirit (f). And although there is no Condem- 
nation for them that are regenerate and do believe (g) ; 
yet the Apoftle doth confefs that Concupifcence and Lujl 
is truly and properly Sin (h). 


Of Free- Will. 

72><? Condition of Man, after the Fall of Adam, 
h fuch, that he cannot turn or prepare himfelf, by his 
oivn natural Strength and good Works, to Faith and 
Calling upon God (i) j wherefore we have no Power 
to do good Works pleafeng and acceptable to God(k) t 
without the Grace of God by Chrifl, both preventing 
us, that we may have a good Will, and working Jo 
(jfeEtually in us, as that it determineth our Will to that 
which is good (1), and alfo working with us when we 
have that Will unto God (m}. 

Of the Juftification of Man before God. 

We arc jujliped, that is, w^e are accounted righteous 
bffore God, and have RemiJJion of Sins (n), not 
for, nor by, our own Works or Defervings (0), but 
fretly by his Grace (p), only for our Lord and Saviour 


() Ge#.\'.. 5. Get:, viii. 21. Jer. xvii. g. Rom. vii. 3. J"n:. 
j. 14. <() Rom. viii. 7. j Cor. ii. 14. Col. i. 21. (d] Efbef. ii. 3. 
Sen;, viii. 6, 7. (e) Prim. xx. 9. Rom. vii. 17, 20, 23, 25. 
(f) Gal. v. 17. (g) Rcm. viii. i, 13. John iii. iS. () Ron-.. 
vii. 17, 20. (/) Efb. ii. i, 5. i Cor. ii. 14. Epb. ii. 8, 9, ic. 
Jtbn vi. 44, 65. (*) RM. viif. 8. lid. xi. 6. (/) Exek. xi. 19, 20. 
Exek. xxxvi. 26,27. J cr ' xxxi. 32, 33. with Heb. viii. 10, ii. 
Pbil. ii. 12, 13. John vi. 45. Efb, i. 19, 2O. I Cor. iv. 7. 
(w) 1M. xii : . :t. Pkil.i.6. IJeb. xii. 2. i Pet. \. ic. I Tbef. 
v. 23, 24. i Kingt viii. 57, 58. {) Root. iv. 5, 6, 7. Pfal. xxxii. 
1,2. () Rcm. iii. 20. Ga!. ii. ;6. Gal. iii. Jo, 15. Fkil,\\\, 
g. ;/>) /?(;.*. iii. 24. T;V. iii. 7. 

of E N G L A N Du 425 

^^J Cbrift's Sake (q), his whole Obedience and Sa- An. 23 Car. j. 

tisfaclion being by God imputed unto us (r), and Chriji 
with his Right eouf'tefs being apprehended and rejled on 
by Faith only (s). The Dottrine of Jujiijication, by 
Faith only, is an wholefome Doffrine and very full of 
Comfort (?) ; notwithjianding, God doth not forgive 
them that ar impenitent, and go on Jlill in their 
Trefpa/e* (). 


6'f Good Works. 

Good Works, which are the Fruits of Faith (x), and 
follow after Jujiijication (y), cannot put away our 
Sins (z} and endure the Severity of God's Judgment (a) \ 
yet are they, notwithjlanding their Imperfections (b) y 
in the Sight of Godpleafmg and acceptable unto him in. 
and for Chriji (c), and do fpring out necejfarily of a 
true and lively Faith (d), info much that by them a 
lively Faith may be as evidently known, as a Tree is 
difcerned by the Fruits (e). 

Of Works before Juftification. 

Works done before Jujiijication by Chriji, and Re~ 
generation by his Spirit, are not pleafing unto God (f) ; 
forafenuch as they fpring not of Faith in Jffua 
Chriji (g}> neither do they make Men meet to receive 
Grace, or, as the School Authors fay, deferve Grace of 
Congruity (h] ; yea, rather, for that they are not done 
as God hath willed and commanded them to be dom % 
they arefinful (i}, ARTICLE 

(q) Rom. iii. 24, 25. Rsrx. v. i. 2 Cor. v. 18,19. {r) Rom. v. 
g, 17, 18, 19. Rom. ii). 25, 26. Rom. iv. 6. 44. 2 Cor. v. 21. 
(s) Rom. iii. 22, 25, 26, 28. Gat. ii. 16. Ifai. xxvi : i. 16. with 
Rom. ix. 33. and i Pet. ii. 6. Phil. iii. 9." (?) 2 Tin:, i. jj. 
Rom. v. i, 2, 8, ii. Rom. xv. 13. i Pet. i. 8. () Pfal. Ixviji. 
20, 21. Exod. xxxiv. 6, 7. Luke xiii. 3, 5. (x) Gal. v. 6. 'Jam. ii. 
17, i3, 22. (y) Tit. ii. 14. Tit. iii. 7, 8. Ef>L>. ii. 8, 9, ic 

14. Tit. iii. 7, 8. />-'. 

) Rcm. iii. 20, 21. /Jsw. iv. 4 to 9. Da. ix. 18, 1 
xiii. 22. P/a/. cxliii. 2. Jobi*. 14, 15, 19, 2C. <J)) Exod. jrxviii 
38. Rev. viii. 3, 4. (c) i Pet. ii. 5. 7&A. xiii. 16,20, 21. C.d.\ 
10. Pi,//, iv. 18. (d] Jan. i;. 26. ijohn'i. 4. (r) ,;w. ii. '? 

John\v. 4, 5. 
6. Mtftt. vii. 1 8. 


87. 7?<w. iii. 12. 
t). Jeh-.\. 13. (/) 
JO 5. 7/j;. kyi. 2, 3 

Mil.', xii. 3*. ffjTit.i 
sw. v:ii. 8. .P;w. xv. 3, 26. Prov. xxi. 
/f/;. xi. ;, 5, GV. v. 6. (A iTiw. i. 
viil. 7, S. //^jf. ii. 14. J/k:'. Iviii. i 

426 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

Of Works of Supererogation. 
An. xi Car. I. Voluntary Works, beftdes, over and above, God's 
Commandments, which they call Works of Superero- 
gation, cannot be taught (?) without Arrogancy and 
Impiety (k) ; for by them Men do declare, that they do 
not only render unto God as much as they are bound 
to do, but that they do more for his Sake than of 
bounden Duty is required: WDereas Chrifl faith 
plainly^ When you have done all thofe Things that 
are commanded you, fay, We are unprofitable Ser- 
vants, we have done that which was our Duty to 
do (;). 

Of Chrift alone without Sin. 
Chrijt, in the Truth of our Nature, was made like 
unto us in all Things, Sin only excepted (m}, from 
which he was clearly void both in his Flejh and in his 
Spirit (n] : He came to be the Lamb without Spot (0), 
who, by Sacrifice of himfelf (p) once made (q), Jhould 
take away the Sins of the World (r) ; and Sin, as St. 
^Q\\njaith, was not in him (j). But all we the re/? 9 
a/though baptized and regenerate, yet offend in many 
Things ; and if we fay we have no Sin, we deceive 
ourfelves, and the Truth is not in us (t). 

CHARLES HERLE, Prolocutor. 
The RULES and DIRECTIONS concerning Sufpen- 
fion from the Sacrament of the LORD'S SUPPER 
in cafe of Ignorance, referred to in the Four- 
teenth Propofition. 

j. ALL fuch Perfons who Jhall be admitted to 

the Sacrament f tbe L rd>s Su pp er u z h * 

to know that there is a God- y that there is but one 


I ' ::tbew v. 4 <*. Mart *i. 30, 31. PblL iv. 8, 9. (*) J* 

' j, 'o, 21. Pfal. cxliii. i. Prw. x. 9. Phi/, iii. 8 to 15. 

( :t: xvii. 10, with ver. 7, 8, 9. (m] Jfai. liii. 3, 4, 5- IJeb. ii. 

i i: lltb. v. 15. () Luke i. 35. with APi iii. 14. Joln\\v. 

30. 2 Cor. v. 31. Heb. vii. 16. (o) I Pet. i. 15. (/.) Epbef. \. 

z. (<j) htt. ir. a6, 28. Htl. r. ic, 12- (r) John J. 23. 

(sj i "Jebn iii. 5. (t) Jamu iii. 2, I Jti* i. 8, 10, 


and true God, Maker of Heaven 
Earth, and Governor of all Things ; that this only true 
God is the God whom we worjhip ; that this God is but B ecem ber. 
one, yet three diJliniJ Perfons, the Father, San, and 
Holy Gbojl, all equally God. 

2. That God created Man after his own Image, 
Knowledge, Righteoufnefs, and true Holinefs ; that by 
one Man Sin entered into the World, and Death 
by Sin, and fo Death pafled upon all Men, for that 
all have finned; that thereby they are all dead inTref- 
paffes and Sins, and are by Nature the Children of 
IPrath, and fa liable to eternal Death, the Wages of 
every Sin. 

J. That there is but one Mediator between God 
Man, the Man Chrift Jcfus, who is a/fe over 
all, God bleJJ'ed for ever, neither is there Salvation 
in any other ; that he was conceived by the Holy 
Ghoft, and born of the Virgin Mary ; that he died 
upon the Crofs to fave his People from their Sins ; 
that he rofe again the third Day from the Dead, 
afcended into Heaven, Jits at the Right Hand of 
God, and makes continual InterceJJion for us, of 
whofe Fulnefs we receive all Grace necejjary to Sal- 

4. That Chrift and his Benefits are applied only by 
Faith ; that Faith is the Gift of God, and that we 
have it not of ourfelves, but it is wrought in its by the 
Word and Spirit of God. 

5. That Faith is that Grace whereby we believe 
and truft in Chrift for RemiJJion of Sins and Life ever~ 
lafting, according to the Promije of the Gofpel ; that 
whofoever believes not on the Son of God, /hall not fee 
Life, but Jhall perijh eternally. 

6. That they who truly repent of their Sins, do fee 
them, forrow for them, and turn from them to the 
Lord ; and that, except Men repent, they Jhall fur cly 

y. That a godly Life is confcionably ordered according 
to 'the Word of God, in Holinefs and Right eoufnefs, 
without which no Man fiall fee God. 

8. That the Sacraments are Seals, of the Covenant 
(f Grace in the Blood of Cbrifl : That the Sacra- 


428 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 3 Car. I. mfnis O f t f, e J^ ew Tejiameat are Baptljm and r/V 
t ___j Lord's Supper ; that the outward Elements in the 

December. Lord's Supper are Bread and JVme, and do fignify 
the Body and Blood of Chrijl crucified, which the 
worthy Receiver, by Faith, doth partake of in this 
Sacrament, which Chrijl hath likewife ordained for a 
Remembrance of his Death ; that whofoever eats and 
drinks unworthily, is guilty of the Body and Blocd of 
the Lord ; and therefore that every one is to examine 
himfelf, left he eat and drink 'Judgment to kimfelf, not 
difcerning the Lord's Body. 

9. That the Souls of the Faithful, after Death, do 
immediately live with Chrifl in Bleffednefs, and that 
the Souls of the JPicked do immediately go into Hell 
Torments : That there Jhall be a Rejurrefiion of the 
Bodies, both of the Jujl and Unjuft, at the lajl Day ; 
at which Time all Jhall appear before the Judgment 
Seat of Chrift, to receive according to what they have 
done in the Body, whether it le good or evil ; and that 
the Righteous Jhall go into Life eternal, and the Wicked 
into everlajling Punijhment. 

And it is further ordained by the Lords and Com- 
mons, that thofe who have a competent Meafure of 
Under/landing concerning the Matters contained in 
: ihefe Articles, Jhall not be kept back from the Sacra* 

ment of the Lord's Supper fur Ignorance ; and that the 
Examination and "Judgment of fuch Perfons as Jhall, 
for their Ignorance of the aforesaid Points of Religion, 
not be admitted to the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 
is to be in the Power of the Elder jliip of every Con- 

Dec. 14. This being the Day appointed for the 
Commons to bring up their Articles of Impeach- 
ment againft the feven Lords ; and they not ap- 
pearing to fupport their Charge, a Committee of 
Lords was appointed to confider of Precedents in 
this Cafe, and to offer fomewhat to the Houfe to 
prevent the like for the future. 

Dec. 15. A Report was made to the Lords, 
that the late Instructions were delivered to the 


tf E N G L A N D. 429 

Members that were appointed to go to the King, An 23 Car. i. 
and alfo to the Scots Commiflioners ; the latter of t l647 ' , 
whom defired to know what thofe Bills were that ix cemter . 
were to be fent : To which it was anfwered, That 
they had no Authority to communicate them ; 
whereupon the Scots Commiflioners delivered in 
the following Paper, which they defired might be 
given to the Houfes. 

December 14, 1647. 

' \\ 7 E have received your Lordfhips Paper, to- A Letter fr 
' gether with the Inftrudions for the Com- %&^3? 

* miflioners of both Houfes that are to go to the ring to fee the 

* King in the IJle of Wight ; and finding that they foregoing Bilk. 

* do relate to three Bills, concerning three of the 

* Propofitions of Peace lately communicated unto 

* us, and a new one concerning the Adjournment 
' of both Houfes of Pailiament, we defire to fee 

* thofe Bills to which his Majefty's Aflent is de- 
' fired, before any Treaty upon the reft of the Pro- 
' pofirions ; wherein we truft we fhall not be mif- 

* underftocd, as if our Intentions were to meddle 

* with the framing of your Laws, or the Form of 
' your Bills ; but that we may confider and give 
' our Advice concerning the Matter of thefe Bills, 

* which being afTented unto by the King's Majefty, 

* are a real Security and Agreement for Peace ; 

* and therefore, according to the Treaty betwixt 
' the Kingdoms, cannot be done without the mutual 

* Advice and Confent of both. 

* We defire the Bills may be fent to us this 
4 Night, or To-morrow in convenient Time, and 

* we fhall wait upon your Lordfhips with our An- 

* fwer, to be returned to the Houfes on Thurfday 

* Morning. 

By Command of the Commlffuners for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland. j Q CHIESLEY . 

Dec. 1 6. A MefTage was brought from the 
Houfe of Commons by Mr. Selden^ to acquaint 
their Lordfliips that the Members of their Houfe, 
who are of the Committee of both Kingdoms, 
reported a Paper, dated the I4th Inftant, which 
I they 

430 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. J. they received from the Sects Commifiioners, wherein 1 

, ^ | , it is defined tfrp.t the Bills which the Houfes intend 

December. to ^ CKC ^ to tne King, may be communicated to them ; 
that the Hcufe of Commons have patted the follow- 
ing Refolutions by way of Anfwer to that Paper, 
wherein they defined their Lordfhips Concurrence ; 
and if their Lordfhips do agree, that then they 
may be delivered to the Scots Commifiioners this 

Refolutions of i. ' That the Privilege, Right, and Cuftom of 
both Houfes in t h e Kingdom and Parliament of England is, that 
to> Bills palled both Houfes, to be prefented to the 
King for his Royal AfTent, are not to be commu- 
nicated to any other whatfoever, either in relation 
to Matter or Form, before his Anfwer thereunto 
given ; and that there is nothing contained in any 
Article of Treaty between the two Kingdoms to 
the contrary. 

2. c That the two Houfes having refolved to 
fend their Ccmmiflioners to the King, in the Ifa of 
IVight^ on Monday next, with the Bills and Pro- 
pofitions in the Inftructions mentioned, according 
to the fame Infrrudtions communicated to the Scots 
Commiflioners ; the Houfes defire that fuch Pro- 
pofitions as thofe Commiflioners fhall judge fit and 
necefTary for the Kingdom of Scotland, may be 
prepared, to be fent within the Time aforefaid.' 
To thefe Refoiutions the Lords agreed. 

Dec, 17. This Day the following Remonltrarice 
bf the Scots Commiflioners, againft fending the 
four Bills to the King without their having firft 
perufed them, and given their Confent to them, 
was prefented to the Houfe of Lords ; and we 
meet with it only in their Journals. 

December 17, 1647. 

A ftemonftrance < "1T7E have perufed the Inftrudions communi- 
ComrSiT-onen c * * cated to IIS on Tueflay in the Afternoon, 
aga ft 'fending < wherein the Commiflioners of both Houfes ap- 
the four Biils to i pointed to <^o to the Kings are commanded to 
prefent to hfs Maiefty four Bills : 


^ENGLAND, 431 

The firft concerning the fettling of the Mi- An. 23 Car.i. 

* litia of England and Ireland in both Houfes of . ' 4 J' . 

* Parliament. December. 

The fecond for juftifying the Proceedings of 

* Parliament in the late War; and, declaring all 
1 Oaths, Declarations, Proclamations, and other 
4 Proceedings againft the Parliament, to be void. 

4 The third concerning Peers lately made, or 
4 hereafter to be made. And 

* The fourth, a new Propofition for the Ad*- 
c journment of both Houfes : To which Bills they 

* are commanded to defire his Majefty's Af- 

* fent, by his Letters Patent under the Great Seal 

* of England, and not otherwife : And after his 

* Majefty's Affent to thefe Bills, the Houfes of 
4 Parliament will fend a Committee of both 

* Houfes to treat with his Majefty in the IJle of 
4 Wight, upon the Remainder of the new Propo- 

* fitions. 

4 To all thefe we anfwer, That although thefe 
4 be nothing which we more paffionately defire 

* than a happy Peace and good Agreement with 

* the King, yet we cannot agree to this Way of 

* defiling his Majefty's Affent to thefe four Bills, 
4 before any Treaty with his Majefty upon the 

* other Propofitions ; it being, in our Judgment, 
4 neither for the Good of Religion, the King, or 
4 Kingdom. 

* And, firft, concerning Religion we fay, That 
4 m January 1644-5, ^ was a g re ed on betwixt both 
4 Houfes of Parliament and us, before the Treaty 

* at Uxbridge, that the Propofitions concerning Re- 
4 ligion, the Militia, and Ireland^ fhall be treated 
4 upon alter.nis vicibus, beginning firft with the 

* Pn pofition of Religion ; and that as it is of the 
' moft Excellency, fo it is to be fought after, and 
4 fully agreed upon, in the firft Place, before any 
4 final Agreement be made upon any of the ot ,er 
4 Propofitions. 

* We are very fure the Houfes had far greater 
' Reafon at that Time to look to their Security, 

* ;.nd 

432 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. < and to defire the Proportion for fettling the Mi- 

v ^ ; * litia to be firft agreed on, when the King had art 

December. ' Army in the Field, than now when they have a 

* ftrong Army, and he hath none at all : Andj 
c upon the other Part, the Danger to Religion is 
1 now much greater than any Time before, when 

* Men in Arms are demanding a Toleration of all 
' Sorts of Religion, Popery excepted ; and if, firft 
' of all, it fliould be agreed on that the Continu- 
' ance of fuch an Army (hall be fettled by Law, 
' we deilre that it may be equally confidered what 
c Good can be expected from a Treaty upon Re- 
' ligion, or what Hope (hall remain of fettling it 

* according to the Covenant ; wherefore we can- 

* not confent to the fending any Propofitions or 

* Bills to be a Security for fettling Peace without 

* Truth, which had been acknowledged both by 
' his Majefty and the Houfes, in all former Trea- 
c ties or Meflages, to be the bed and moft folid 

* Foundation of a lafting Peace ; and \ve muft ft'ill 

* prefs that there may be a Preference of both thofe 
c Defire?, which are for fettling Religion and the 

* Government of the Church ; the Want whereof 

* is the Caufe of the Sects and Herefies which do 

* multiply and increafe daily, to the Difturbance 
' of all Order and Peace both in Church and 
4 State. 

' As this Way is not for the Good of Religion, 

* fo it cannot, in Reafon, be conceived that it can 

* be acceptable to the King ; for how can it be 

* expected that he will grant thefe Things for a 

* perlcnal Treaty, whereof the Iffue is uncertain, 

* which he hath ever hitherto denied even to ob- 
' tain a Peace : efpecially when, after all his Ma- 

* jelly's earned Defires, he cannot be admitted to 

* come to London, nor, upon any Terms, to have 

* a Treaty here, in refpeft the Houfes conceive 

* that the King's Prefence with them at this Time 
' {rands not with the Safety and Security of the 
Parliament and Kingdom j but that the King's 
' Afient to the four Bills muft be by Commiffion, 

* and thereafter a Treaty upon the reft of the 


^ENGLAND. 433 

Propofitions at the Ifle of Wight ; or can it An. 23 Car. i. 

* be looked for that he will give the whole and fole t '**? t 
* Power of the Militia from himfelf and his Pofte- December. 

* rity to the Houfes for their Security, to be dif- 

* pofed of as they fhall think fit ; and fhall have 

* no Security at all to himfelf, or arty Aflurance 
' that he fhall be reftored to his Rights and Go- 

* vernment : It is much more probable that he will 

* think he hath already offered fufficient Security 

* in his late MefTage from Carijbrook Caftle, of the 

* i yth of November; wherein he is content that 

* all Power of the Militia be fettled in the Houfes 
' of Parliament during his Reign. 

c Neither is this Way> in our Apprehenflon, 
' for the Good and Safety of the Kingdoms, that 

* an Army holding fuch Principles as they do con- 

* cerning Religion, and in relation to the fettling 

* of the Government and Peace of the Kingdoms ; 
' and which,, without any known Authority from 

* the Parliament, hath increafed their Number to 

* the Double of what they are allowed by Order of 

* the Parliament; and, in their late Reprefentations, 
' do acknowledge their Supernumeraries to be a- 
' bout 20,000 ; that fuch an Army, we fay, fhall 

* be perpetually eftablifhed, when there are no 

* Forces to oppofe the Parliament ; and that the 
' Subjects fhall be obliged by Law ever to fubmit to 
' a Military Power, and pay what Monies fhall be 

* demanded for their Maintenance ! Whatfoever 
' this may feem to others to be, in our Senfe, it 

* doth neither agree with the Rules of Policy or 

* We did defire to fee the four Bills to be pre- 

* fented to his Majefty, fo much the rather that, 

* from the Title of the Bill for the Militia, we 
' perceive that it doth extend to the fettling and 

* maintaining of Forces in the Town of Berwick, 
' contrary to the Large Treaty betwixt the King- 

* doms. And we did reprefcnt that tho' thefe Bills, 

* being aflented unto by the King, fhould be a 
4 real Security, and an Agreement for Peace j yet, 
' according to the Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms, 

VOL. XVI. 1- e * this 

434 be Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. { this cannot be done without the mutual Advice- 

l6 4-7- ' and Confent of both : To which the Houfes did 

*"""~~" v ~7 * Yefterday return as their Anfwer, That the Pri- 

1 vilegc, Right , and fujlom of the Kingdom and 

* Parliament of England is, that Bills pafs'd both 
' Houfes to be prefented to the King for his Royal 

* AJJent, are not to- be ommunicated to any other 
' whatfoever, cither in relation io matter or Form 

* before his Anfwer thereunto given j an cl that there 
' is nothing contained in any Article of Treaty be- 
' iwixt the Kingdoms to the contrary. Whereunto 
c we make this Reply, That the Bills mentioned 

* in the eleventh Section of the Proportions of 

* Peace, preferred unto his Majefty at Oxford., An- 

* no 1644, were communicated to us before they 
' were fent to the King ; and, upon Perufal of 

* them, we dcfired that nothing might be in thofe 

* Bills contrary to the Covenant, or the Reforma- 

* tion and Uniformity to be fettled ; upon Confi- 

* deration whereof the Houfe of Commons gave us 
, * this Anfwer, That the Reformation and Unifor- 

* mity defired is already provided for in one of the 

* PropcfitionS) to which nothing contained in thofe 

* Bills could be any Prejudice, but fiould hereafter be 

* regulated as the- faid Reformation and Uniformity 

* jhall be thought jit to be fettled. 

* Alfo the Bill for aboliming Epifopacy was com- 
' municntcd unto us, and afterwards debated upon 

* by his Majefty 's Commiffioners and the Commif- 
' ficners of both Kingdoms, at Uxbridge. 

* We thought lit to give thefe Inftances, to mew 

* that it hath not always been the Cuftom of both 
1 Houfes not to communicate their Bills before 

* his Majefty's Anfwer was given thereunto ; yet 

* it is no ways our Defire to meddle with the 
' framing of your Laws, or advifmg the forming of 

* your Bills. We {hall ever be tender of any juft 

* Privilege of Parliament ; but that it (hould be 

* faid, There is nothing contained in any Article of 
f * Treaty between the tivo Kingdoms^ which requires 

* the Communication of the Matter of any Bills, is to 

* us very ftrange ; It is agreed upon betwixt the 


of E N G L A N D. 435 

* Kingdoms, That no Ceffiitlon, or any Pacification An. 23 Car. I. 
to Agreement for Peace whatfoever^ foall be made . l647 ' 
by either Kingdom, or the Armies of either King- embc r 
doin^ without the mutual Advice and Confent of 
both Kingdoms. Now fuppofe the Houfes of Par- 
liament fhould turn all their Defires for Peace 
into Bills, and fhoiild fay that the Bills cannot be 
communicated to the Kingdom of Scotland^ either* 
in relation to Matter or Form ; we defire to know,' 
and let any rational Man judge, whether this 
were not an Eluding and a clear Violation of the 
Treaty. Neither can it in this Cafe be a fatif- 
faftory Anfwer, That the Houfes of Parliament 
do only fend four of the -Proportions in Bills to 
his Majefty ; for every one of the Proportions, 
is a Proportion for Peace; and an Agreement 
made upon any one of them, is an Agreement 
for Peace ; and, which is much moje, there are 
none of the Proportions which, in their owii 
Nature, do fo immediately concern -the fettling 
of a Peace as thefe four Proportions; and what 
can be called an Agreement for Peace if this be 
not, when the King, by his Aflent, fhall juftify 
the Proceedings of the Parliament in the late 
War, and make all Oaths, Declarations, Procla-* 
illations^ and other Proceedings againft it to be 
void ; when, by an Act of Parliament, he fhall 
fettle the Power of all Forces by Sea and Land 
in the Houfes of Parliament, as alfo agree toraife 
Monies for their Maintenance ; when he fhall 
confent that all Peers made, or hereafter to be 
made, (hall not fit or vote in Par' lament, with- 
out Confent of both Houfes ; and when he {hall 
give Power to the Houfes ; to adjourn at their 
f'leafure ? If then the King's Aflent to thcfe 
Bills be an Agreement for Peace, as we hope it 
cannot in Reafon be denied, our Advice and Con- 
fent ought to be had therein before they be lent 
to the King, or otherwife the Treaty is violated. 
' As we cannot agree to this Way of fending 
thefe four Bills to his Majefty for his Aflent, 
before any Treaty upon the reft of the Propofi- 
E e 2 * tions; 

436 The Parliamentary His TO RY 

An. 13 Car. t. tions ; fo we are extremely unfatisfied with thr 

, ' 4? ' t * Matter of thofe new Proportions lately commu- 

Dccember. * nicated unto us, for the Reafons exprefied in our 

* Anfwer unto them ; which we (hall prefently de- 
' liver unto your Lordfhips, to be prefented to 

* both Houfes of Parliament ; and we defire that 

* they will take the whole Bufmefs into their fur- 
' ther Conlideration, and that there may be a per- 
' fonal Treaty with his Majefty, here at London^ 
' upon fuch Propofitions as fhall be agreed on, with 

* Advice and Confent of both Kingdoms, accord- 
' ing to the Treaty.' 

By Command of th.e CommiJJtonen for the Parlia- 
ment of Scotland, 


The next Day, Dec. 18, the Scots Commiflion- 
ers prefented to the Lords their Anfwer to the new 
Propofitions, which we give from the fame Au- 
thority as the former. Mr. Rujkwortb contents 
himfelf with faying, (a) ' That the Scots Commifli- 
oners prefented a large Declaration to the Parlia- 
ment in very high Language, prefling hard for a 
perfonal Treaty with his Majefty, and declaring 
their Proteft againft fending the four Bills.' He 
then proceeds to fele& a few Paragraphs out of the 
foregoing Remonftrance and the following Anfwer. 
Touching the Parliament's Reply thereto, he only 
obferves, * That it was anfwerable in Terms to 
the high Language of the Scots' But this is not 
the firft Inftance, nor will be the laft, of that Au- 
thor's putting a Slight upon the Scots Nation, which 
may eafily be accounted for by his being at that 
Time Secretary to the Army. However, it would 
be inconfiftent with the Impartiality of our Col- 
lections to pafs over fo public-fpirited a Memorial ; 
we therefore give it at large: Obferving only that 
the Scots Commiflioners having caufed it to be 
printed, the Parliament ifTued Otders for finding 
out the Printer, and feizing the whole Impref- 


(a} ColieflioHi, Vol. VIL p. 938, 9. 

^ENGLAND. 437 

Tbe ANSWER of the CotnmiJKsners of the Kingdom A "- 13 Car. I. 

of Scotland to both Houfes of Parliament, upon the v * 47- 

n?vu Proportions of Peace , and the four Bills to be December 
fent to his Majefty. 

' \\7 E have, with much Patience, for divers The 
VV Years together, in Purfuance of the So- 

* lemn League and Covenant, and Treaties be- 

* twixt the Kingdoms, ufed our beft Endeavours 

* for fettling Religion rnd a happy Peace. Pro- 
' ppfitions were firft agreed on, Anno 1644., and, 
' with the Advice and Confent of the Parliaments 

* of both Kingdoms, prefented to his Majefty at 

* Oxford, by Commiflioners of both, and treated 

* upon at Uxbridge, Anno 1645. We did earneftly 

* and frequently prefs the fending of thofe Pro- 

* pofitions again to his Majefty, wherein the Houfes 

* would not concur with us ; but, on the contrary, 

* after very long Delay, thought fit to make feveral 
' Alterations therein, which were principally in 
' Matters that did concern the near Union of the 

* Kingdoms ; yet were we fo earneftly defirous of 
' putting an End to thofe long continued Diftrao 

* tions and Troubles of thefe Kingdoms, as, waving 
' what might be conceived for the particular In- 

* tereft of the Kingdom of Scotland, we did join 
' with the Houfe of Parliament in prefenting Pro- 

* pofitions to his Majefty at NjnvcaftU ; tho\ as 
' we then declared, we had juft Reafon to be un- 
' fatisfied with divers Things contained in thofe 

* Proportions. 

* When it was agreed upon betwixt the King- 
' doms, that the fame Proportions fhould be a^ain 
' prefented to his Majefty at his coming to Holdcn- 

* by^ the Performance thereof being delayed by the 
4 Houfes tor divers Months, we did patiently wait 
' their Leifure ; yet, upon a fudden they did- ap- 

* point a peremptory Day for fending the Propoii- 

* tions to his Majefty ; and gave Orders to their 

* Commiflioners, in cafe we were nat precifely upon 
' that Day at Hampton Court, that they fhould 

E e 3 " prefent 

43 8 t>e Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. c p re f en t the Propofitions to the King alone by 

^ _-'^' , ' themfelves, contrary to the Treaty betwixt the 

December. * Kingdoms ; which was fo ftrange and unequal 

Wav, as we might have juftly denied our Con- 

irrence, had nob our Love to Peace prevailed 

with us to join in that Mefiage: But after al] 

' this, finding no Succefs in that Way offending 

' Propofitions to the King, and infifting upon his 

' pofitive Affcnt thereunto, without giving any 

* Reafons for the Juftice of our Defires, or the 
' having of any Propofnions from his Majefty ; we 
4 did, in November laft, propofe to the Honourable 
' Houfes, and did with much Earneftnefs defire, 
' that there might be a perfonal Treaty with his 

* Majefty here at London, it being, in all Probability, 

* the beft Means to obtain a Peace. 

' About the Time of his Majefty's withdrawing 

* from flampton-Court, the Houfes did communi- 
' cate unto us new Propofitions, refolved upon by 

* them, to be prefented to his Majefty : After Re- 
? ceipt whereof we did, in our Paper of the i6th of 
' November, infift on our former Defire for a per- 
c fon?.l Treaty with his Majefty ; but receiving no 
e Anfwer to that, nor to our Paper of the 5th, and 

* our pofitive Anfwer being demanded to the new 
' Propofitions upon the 25th of November, we re- 
' folved once again to defire an Anfwer to our for-' 

* mer Papers 5 a perfonal Treaty being, in our Judg- 

* ment, a readier W^ay to compofe all Differences, 
? than the fending of thefe new Propofitions, where- 
4 in there are fo great and effential Differences from 
' what was formerly agreed on by both Kingdoms : 
' And to the end there mi^ht be no Lett or Delay 
? on our Part, which might hinder the fettling of 

* a Peace, we defired a Conference with a Com- 
' mittee of both Houfes concerning the Expediency 

* of a perfonal Treaty with his Majefty, and the 

* Alterations made in the Propofitions ; that fo, 
? according to the Treaty of the 2gth of November, 
I 1643, there might be, with the Advice and Con- 

* (ent of both Nations, a fpeedy Agreement in thofe 

i Things 

^ENGLAND. 43$ 

* Things which are to be the Foundation of a Peace An. 23 Car. I. 

* to both ; to all which the Houfes have been plea- , ' >lf7 ' _, 

* fed to return no Anfwer. However, it is no fmall December. 

* Satisfaction to us, that we leave no Means of 

* Agreement uneflayed, and that the Retardment 
' of the fettling of the Peace of the Kingdom cannot 

* be charged on us ; and left our further Silence. 
' in Expectation of an Anfwer, fhculd be miftaken, 
c we have thought fit to reprefent our Senfe con- 

* cerning a perfonal Treaty and the Propufitions, to 

' the Houfes in Writing ; which, had our Defires \ 

* been granted, we did intend to have done by a 

* verbal Conference. 

' There be fome Things which properly con- 

* cern the Kingdom of England^ their Rights, 
' Laws, and Liberties ; but there be alfo other Mat- 

* ters, which, in their own Nature, as being com- 
6 mon to both, or by Covenant or Treaty, con- 
4 cern both Kingdoms ; wherein (unlefs we would 

* forget our Duty to God, to the King's Majefty, 
' to our native Kingdom, and to this Nation) our 
' common Concernment and Intereft cannot be de- 

* nied ; for as Scotland was invited and engaged in j 
* this War upon Grounds and Reafons of com- 

* mon Intereft, fo we truft that it will not be of- 

* fenfive that, in making of Peace, we claim from 

* the Houfes an Improvement of the very fame 

* Principles, and a Performance of the Treaties 
c they have made with us, that the fame Meafure 

* of Conjunction of Interefts be given to us which, 

* was had of us, and promifed unto us; wherein 

* the very Law of Nations, and the very Rule of 

* common Equity, doth plead for us; yet in the 

* Application of this Rule, we (hall not ftretch 

* ourfelves beyond our Lines, the exprefs Condi- 

* tions of our Solemn League and Covenant, the 

* Duty of our Allegiance, and the Treaties and 

* Declarations between the Kingdoms ; which are 

* fo many ftrong Obligations, as all, who have any 
4 Honour or Confcience, muft acknowledge fhould 

* be inviolably obferved. 

E e 4. Having 

44 ^ e Parliamentary HISTORY 

B. 21 Car- ! c Having laid this as a juft and folid Ground of 

l6 47- ^ our Proceedings, we (hall firft fpeak of the bed 

' and moft probable Means to procure a good 

* Agreement with the King for fettling Religion, 
' and a lading Peace ; and pext of the Propofitions 

* which are to be the Foundations of the Peace 
4 and Safety of both Kingdoms. And it is ftill our 

* Opinion and Judgment, that the moft equal, 

* fair, and juft Way to obtain a well-grounded 
' Peace, is by a perfonal Treaty with the King ; 
' and that his Majefty, for that End, be invited 
' to come to London with Honour, Freedom, and 
' Safety ; for which we offer the Reafons follow- 

* ing: 

1 . ' The fending of Propofitions without a Trea- 
c ty hath been often eflayed without Succefs, and 
' the new Propofitions are lefs to the Advantage of 
' the Crown than the former ; therefore we have 
' no Reafon to expect better Satisfaction that Way 
' than formerly we had. 

2. 4 The King's Removal from his Parliament 

* is acknowleged, by feveral Declarations of the 
' Parliament, to be the chief Caufe of all the War, 
' Mifchiefs, and Calamities of thefe Kingdoms ; 
4 then his Majefty's Prefence with his Parliament 
' muft be the beft, if not the only, Remedy to 

* remove our Troubles. 

3. * In a perfonal Treaty, the Commiflioners of 

* both Kingdoms may give Reafons for the Equity 

* and Expediency of our Defires ; but without a 
' Treaty, or giving Reafons for aflerting the Law- 

* fulnefs and Expediency of the Propofitions to be 
c prefented, they may be efteemed Impositions. 

4. ' The King may have fome Defires to move 
' for the Crown and for himfelf ; as that he may 
' have his Revenues, and that he may be reftored 
' to his Royal Government ; which may be done 
' with greater Honour and Satisfaction to him by a 

* perfonal Treaty than other wife. 

5. ' A perfonal Treaty with the King is the 
beft Way to beget a mutual Confidence between 


^ENGLAND. - 441 

* him and his Parliament : It is the beft Way to An. 2 , c. I. 
c clear his Doubts, and to remove all Difficulties, 

' and it is abP lutely the beft Way for giving and 

* receiving; mutual Satisfaction. 

6. c We cannot expect that his Majefty will 
' grant, in Termini* 9 whatfoever Propofitions fhall 

* be fent unto him ; nor can every thing in the 
' Propofitions be of that Importance, as that the 

* not granting of it ought to hinder a Peace ; nei- 
' ther will the Houfes of Parliament give full 
' Power to their Commiffioners to make Altera- 
4 tions in the faid Propofitions as they fhall fee 

* Caufe upon Debate ; wherefore a perfonal Treaty 

* with his Majefty, at London^ is the moft probable 
' and expeditious Way .to remove and reconcile all 

* Differences. 

* There is one common Objection wherewith 

* many are pofleffed and prejuJiced againft a pcr-> 
' fonal Treaty with the King, and his Coming to 

* London, viz, That his. Prefence may breed Divifion 
' and continue our Troubles ; and tbat when bis 
' Majefty dffired to come here from Oxford with 

* Freedom and Safety , ;'/ was thought unfit , and de- 
' nied by the Houfes and the Commiffioners from 
' Scotland : But that Argument hath now no Force 
' at all ; for the State of Affairs, the King's Con- 
' dition and ours (which were given for Reafons 
' in that Anfwer to his Mujefty) are quite altered 
' from what they were then. Then the King had 
' Armies in the Field, he had Garrifons and Strong- 

* holds to return to ; now he hath none of thefe, and 

* his Majefty offers a full Security againft all Ho 

* ftility or Danger that can be expected from him, 
4 by granting to the Houfes the Power of the Mi- 

* litia by Sea and Land during his Reign, as is ex- 
1 preflcd in his late McfTage from Carijbrook Caftle. 

* .And for a further Anfwer, we defire the Houfes 
' to remember their Reply to his Majefty's MefFage 

* of the nth of September ) 1642; where, after 
4 mention of their chief Grievances, they fav, AH 
' tbii notwithjlanding, as we never gave your Majejly 

* any jujl Caufe of withdrawing yourfelf from vour 

4 * Great 

44 2 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

n *iJ 7 ? ar ' LC **reat Council; fa it hath ever been and /hall be, 
., f ''far from us to give any Impediment to your Re- 

Deconbcr. ' turn, or to negleft any proper Means of curing the 
' Dijlempers of the Kingdom, and clofing the dan- 
' gerous Breaches betwixt your Mzjf/ly and your 

* Parliament, according to the great T> ujl which lieth 
6 upon us : And if your Majejly jijaU now be pleafed 

* to come back to your Parliament vjhithout your 

* Forces, we Jhall be ready to fecure your Royal 

* Perfon, Crown, and Dignity with our Lives and 
' Fortunes ; your Prefence in this Great Council be- 

* ing the only Means of any Treaty betwixt your 
' Majejly and them, with any Hope of Succefs. And 

* if thofe were efteemed Enemies to the Parliament 
c and the Peace of the Kingdoms, who advifed the 

* King to withdraw from the Parliament, what 
' Eftimation will the World have of them who, 
c after fuch a Declaration, will not fuffer him to 

* return to his Parliament when he offers to caft 
' himfeff into their Arms ? If fo kind an Offer 
' (hall be refufed, and the King driven to Defpair, 
' it is to be feared thefe Kingdoms (hall be invol- 

* ved in greater Difficulties than ever ; and there- 

* fore we do hold that the admitting the King to 

* come to London, with Honour, Freedom, and 

* Safety, and granting of a perfonal Treaty with 
' his Majefty upon fuch Proportions as fhall be 
' agreed on, by Advice and Confent of both King- 

* doms, is the moft probable and only beft Means, 

* with Hope of Succefs, for fettling a well-grounded 

* Peace. 

* Having fpoken of the readied Means to obtain 

* a juft and lafling Peace, we {hall next fall upon 

* the Confideration of the Propofitions, which are 
' to be the Foundation of our Peace ; and the moft 

* compendious and fuccin<5t Way to a good Agree- 
' ment and unanimous Refolution upon them is, 

* in the firft Place, to confider and remove our Dif- 
6 ferences, which are chiefly in Religion, the In- 
tereft of the Crown, and in the Union and joint 
' Concernment of the Kingdoms. 


of ENGLAND. 443 

* We {hall begin with that of Religion, which, An. xj Car. I. 

* for the incomparable Excellency- thereof, altho' t _* *? 

* it be amongft the laft of thefe new Proportions, December. 

* deferves the Preference. It is the prirnum, quce- 

* rite, the unam neceffarium : We ought to build 
' the Houfe of God before our own ; the Law of 

* Piety and true Policy doth require that Religion, 
' which rendereth to God his Due, have the Pre- 
' cedency ; and therefore, upon Debate, before we 

* went to the Treaty at Uxbridge, it was agreed 

* betwixt the Houfes and us, that the Proportions 

* of Religion fhould be in the firft Place, and firft 

* treated and agreed upon, before any Agreement 
' upon any other Propofitions ; and his Majefty, 
' in his late Mefiage from Carijbrook Caftle, be- 
1 gins with Religion at the beft and chiefeft Foun-* 
' dation ; wherefore, if this Changing of the for- 
f mer Order and Method of the Propofitions be 
' only their Error to whom the revifing the Pro- 
' pofitions was committed, and if the Houfes have 

* not fallen away from their juft Zeal, we defire 

* it may be rectified, and the former Method kept ; 

* and fo we come to the Matter of the Propofi- 

* tions. 

* The material Differences and Alterations con- 

* cerning Religion may be branched into the Error 

* of Omiflion and Deficiency, and into that of 
' Commiffion and Excefs. That which is left out 

* is no lefs than the Solemn League and Covenant ; 

* And (hall the Covenant, which is as folemn a 

* Vow as Creatures on Earth could make to God 

* in Heaven, and the greateft Tie betwixt Men on 

* Earth ; to which the moft high and dreadful Name 
f of the Lord God Almighty was interpofed, be 
f offered up in Sacrifice, and buried in the Afhes 

* of Oblivion ? Shall our Covenant, for the Pre- 
f fervation and Reformation of Religion, for the 

* Honour and Happinefs of the King, and the 

* Peace and Safety of the three Kingdoms, and for 

* the Maintenance and Defence of the Laws and 

* true public Liberties of thefe Kingdoms ; which 

* was declared by both Kingdoms to be a moft fit 

' and 

444 ffl* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 23 Car. I. and excellent Means to acquire the Favour of 

fc ^ ''_ , * God towards both, and likewife to unite them j 

December. ' an ^ by uniting, to ftrengthen them againft the 
' common Enemies of the true Reformed Religion, 
' and the Peace and Profperity of thefe Kingdoms ; 

* and which, in all former fropofitions, was de- 
' fired to be eftablifhed, be now deleted as unwor- 

* thy to take Room amongft thefe new Propofi- 

* tions ? Shall the Covenant, which both Houfes 
' did recommend to the Aflembly of Divines to 

* make a Declaration to all Sorts of Perfons to take 

* it, as that which they juJged not only lawful, 

* but exceeding expedient and neceflary for all that 
' wifh well to Religion, the King, and Kingdom, 

* to join in, and to be a fmgular Pledge of, God's 
' gracious Goodnefs to all the three Kingdoms; 
' we fay, fhall that Covenant be bid afide r Shall 
' our mntual and Solemn League and Covenant, 

* fubfcribed by the Pajliaments of both Kingdoms, 
' by the AfTernbly of Divines, and by the City of 

* London j and which not only they, but all Scot- 
' land, and many Xhoufands in England and Ire- 
' land^ with Hands lifted up to the Moft High God, 

* did fwear that they (hall not fuffer themfelves, 
' direftly or indirectly, by whatfoever Combina- 

* tion, Perfuafton, or Terror, to be divided and 
' withdrawn from that blefTed Union and Conjunc- 
' tion ; whether to make Defection to the contrary 

* Part, or to give theinfelves to a deteftable Indif- 

* ferency or Neutrality in this Caufe, which fo 
' much concerneth the Glory of God, the Good 

* of the Kingdoms, and the Honour of the King ; 

* but fhall all the Days of their Lives, zealoufly 
' and conftantly, continue therein ag;ainft all Op 

* poiition, and promote the fame according to 
' their Power, againft all Lets and Impediments 

* whatfoever ; and that they fhall do all this as in 

* the Sight of God ? Shall this Covenant, even 
' with thofe that took it, be already out of Date, 

* and not fo much as remembered amongft the Pro- 

* pofitions of Peace ? Yea, it is not fo much as 
4 mentioned in thefe new Propofitions, except in 

' the 

of E N G L A N D. 445 

the feventh Qualification of the twelfth Propofi- An '^S c * r - 

* don, where it is only made a Hook to catch fome ^ ' ^ 7 * 

* into the Notion of Delinquency ; but perhaps it December. 

* efcaped the Revifers of the Propofitions, who in 
' all other Places have exploded it. 

' It is anfwered by fome, That by the feventh Pro- 
' pofttion it is defired, that an Atf of Parliament be 

* P a ff e d-> declaring the Kings Approbation of the ma- 

* king the Treaties between the Kingdoms ^Scotland 

* and England, in which Treaties there is Mention 
4 made of the Covenant ; and therefore it is not ne~ 

* teffary to dejire a particular Confirmation and Ejia- 

* blijhment of the Covenant. 

* To which it is briefly replied, 

1/7, ' That there is no Proportion for pafling 

* any A&s of Parliament to confirm the Treaties 

* between the Kingdoms, as was defired in all for- 

* mer Propofitions ; but thefe Words are purpofely 

* changed, and, in place thereof, there is only de- 

* fired an Act, declaring the King's Approbation 
' of the making the Treaties j which, in effe&, is 
' no more than an Adt of Indenture for making the 

* Treaties, and not an Acl: for Confirmation and 

* Eftablifhing the Treaties themfelves, and thofe 
' Things which are exprefled and tranfacted in 

* them. 

2^//y, ' Suppofe there was an A& of Parliament 
' patied for eftablifhing the Treaties between the 

* Kingdoms in general, (which is not in thefe 
' Propofitions) yet fuch a Generality would not be 
' underftood to be extended to the Confirmation 
' of the Covenant, unlefs the particular Articles of 
the Treaty and the Covenant were exprefly in- 
< ferted ; becaufe there was an exprefs Proposition 

* amongft the former, that an Act of Parliament 
4 be parted in both Kingdoms for taking and con- 

* firming the Covenant j which being now left out 

* of the new Propofitions, without mentioning the 

* Covenant, cannot, but be interpreted as a receding 

* from the Covenant ; and the Approbation and 

* Confirmation of the Treaties in general, after de- 

* leting the Covenant out of the Propofitions, 

4 would 

446 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

/n. 23 Car. I. would only be underftood of the remaining Ar- 
^^ _^ e tides of the Treaties : Therefore, if there be not 
December. ' an Intention to relinquifh the Covenant, let us 
4 not be afhamed to avow it, and aflert the con- 
4 firming of it as one of the chief and exprefs De- 
4 fires of our Propofitions : Let us give Teftimony 
4 and bear Witnefs of the Truth, and not deny it j 
4 remembering, That Whofoevcr Jhall give Tefti- 
4 many to ChriJ} and his Truth, by confejjing him be- 
4 fore Men^ he will alfo confefs them before his Fa- 
4 ther which is in Heaven. And feeing the Cove- 
4 nant was the fovereign and only Means of reco- 

* vering thefe imbroiled bleeding Kingdoms, when 
4 the Houfes were at the loweft Ebb ; and defired 
4 the Kingdom of Scotland to confider with what 

* Difficulties, Miferies, and Diffractions they were 

* inforced daily to wreftle even for the Life and" 
4 Being both of Church and State j furely the de- 
4 fpifing, refufing, and cafting afide that Remedy, 
4 would be the Height of Ingratitude, muft render 
4 the Difeafe much more defperate^ and turn our 
4 former mutual Confidence into mutual Diffi- 
4 dence ; and therefore we defire that the Houfes, 
4 upon better . Confederation, will ftill adhere to* 

* the Covenant, and infcrt it among the Propofi- 

* tions. 

* 4 And whereas the King's Averfenefs to the Co- 
4 venant may be objected ; and that the defiring td 
4 have it confirmed by him may be a Hinderance 
4 to Peace } we anfwer, If the omitting the Cove- 
4 nant in thefe Propofitions doth really proceed 
4 from that Principle, that the Houfes are defirous 
4 to pleafe the King, and to remove all Obftruc- 
4 tions that may hinder a Peace, we do very much 

' * wonder that they are fo liberal in the Matters of 
4 God, and fo tenacious as to what concerns them- 

* in all Differences betwixt his Majefty and 
4 them in Things Civil, which may far better be 
4 difpenfed with. But to anfwer the Strength of 

* the Objection, we fay, That the Covenant be- 
4 ing for the Prefervation and Reformation of Re- 
ligioir, and for the true Honour and Happinefs of 

* the 

^ENGLAND. 447 

' the King and his Pofterity, and for the Peace and An. 23 Car. i. 

* Safety of his Kingdoms, whatever be the Diffe- t l6 *?- 

' rence of his Majefty's Judgment, we have juft December. 

* Caufe to infift to crave his Royal AfTent to it ; 

* and the Kings Heart is in the Hand of God 9 to 
4 turn it as the Rivers of Water whither he pleafeth : 

* And although the King fhould deny it, yet we 

* ought to perform our Duty ; and when his Ma- 
' jefty fhall be convinced that our Intentions in en-' 

* tering into this Covenant were, and are, pious 

* and loyal ; and that our Actions do evidence that 
' we do intend no Injury to his Royal Perfon, to 

* wrong his Government, nor to diminifh his juft 

* Power, we hope God will incline his Heart to 
c give juft Satisfaction concerning the Covenant ; 
' and though his Majefty (hall not come to the full 

* Length of our Delires, yet we can never depart 
' from the Covenant ; nor leave off, by all juft 
' Ways, to promote it, or defift from endeavour- 

* ing, by all lawful Means, to procure his Ma- 

* jetty's Affent unto it. But we defire that we may 

* be rightly underftood in this, and not mifcon- 

* .ftrued, as if our Zeal for the Covenant did abate 

* or diminifh at all from our Loyalty or Duty to 
' the King (for the (Covenant doth not limit or lef- 

* Ten our Allegiance, ^s fome would falfely flander 

* it, and thofe who fincerely and loyally took it;) 
' or that, upon Difference of his Majefty's Judg- 
' ment, and not coming to the full Length of our 
' Defires in every Thing, he fhould be kept in 

* Prifon j or that Arms fhould be kept up, now 
< that thq War is ended, to burthen the Subjects 

* and force the King to grant what they pleafe to 

* demand. We were confident when our Army 
' returned into Scotland^ and left no Forces in this" 
' Kingdom to opppfe the Parliament, thaj: the Ar- 
'my here fhould have been inftantly difbanded ; 
'.and could never have expected that the King's' 

* Majefty, to whom the Parliament of both King- 

* doms were to make their Addrefles for a fafe and 
' well-grounded Peace, fhould have been taken 

* away by the Army againft his Will ; and ftill 


448 he Parliamentary HISTORY 

AJ>. s? Car. I* * kept in their Power, to be carried whither they 

/J+7| / * pleafe, or forced to fly for Safety. If Scotland 

* December^ ' na( ^ apprehended that the leaft Injury or Violence 
' would have been committed againil his Majefty's 

* Royal Perfon, or Monarchical Government ; nay, 

* if they had not received Aflurance from the Houfes 

* to the contrary, certainly all the Threatenings 

* and Allurements in the World could never have 

* perfuaded them to have parted with the King, 

* till all Armies had been difbanded, and the Peace 

* of the Kingdom fettled. It was our brotherly 

* Confidence in the Houfes, who are our Fellow- 

* Subjects, and the Aflurance that we had from 
* them, that made us leave the King with them ; 

* and their Care of him, and Duty to him, ought 
* to be fuch as neither his Majefty nor we fliould 

* have Caufe to repent it. This we could not but 

* declare, to aflfert the Truth and vindicate the 

* Honour and Reputation of our Nation ; for our 

* Loyalty hath ever been, is, and (hall be, dearer 

* unto us than our Lives and Fortunes ; and the 

* Candour and Integrity of all our Actions is a fuf- 

* ncent Confutation of all the Calumnies and 

* Afperfions, which Malice or Envy can forge 

* againft us. 

4 We find alfo thefe Proportions omitted, viz. 

* The Proportion for confirming the Ordinances 

* concerning the Calling and Sitting of the Aflem- 

* bly of Divines ; the Proportion for Reformation 

* of Religion in England and Ireland according to 

* the Covenant ; and the Propofition for fettling 

* Uniformity and Unity in Matters of Religion be- 

* tween the Churches of God in both Kingdoms 

* according to the Covenant j in place of which 

* we find nothing but a meer Shadow of Prefbyte- 

* rian Government, an external Form of Difci- 

* pline without Life or Power, and a Liberty 

* granted to all Sorts of Service and Worftiip of 
' God, and for the Exercife of all fuch religious 

* Duties and Ordinances as every Perfon (hall 

* pleafe, and his own erroneous Conference {hall 

* dictate unto him (for there is no ether Rule pre- 

4 itiibed) 

tf ENGLAND. 449 

f feribed) ; which opens a Door to Atheifm, to all An. 23 Car. r. 
' Religions, and to that which (by the Abufe of the v f 

* Name) is called Liberty of Confcience, being in- December. 

* deed Liberty of Error, Scandal, Schifm, Herefy, 
' difhonouring God, oppofing the Truth, hinder- 

* ing Reformation, and feducing others ; fo, in 
' place of Uniformity in Religion, which, by Co- 

* venant, both Kingdoms have fworn to endea- 
' vour, there is here defired to be fettled a vaft 
' Deformity or Multiformity of Herefies and Seels ; 

* which, if the Lord in his Mercy fhall not pre- 
4 vent, may produce the Ruin of Religion in both 

* Kingdoms, which we have juft Reafon to fear ; 
' as for other Reafons, fo when we confider the 
4 Declaration of both Houfes.of Parliament, inAu- 
' *$> 1642, fpeaking of the Defign of the Popilh or 

* Prelatical Faction to alter Religion in this Ifland, of 

* whom they fay, They refolve to impofea Popijh Ser- 
4 vice Book upon Scotland, for well they know the fame 
4 Fate mujl attend both Kingdoms^ and Religion could 

* not be altered in the one without the other ; and in. 
4 anfwer to the Scots Declaration, in September^ 
4 1642, Whenever the Defign to root out Religion 

* Jhall be perfected in either Nation, it will eafely be 
4 accomplijhed in the other. Religion being the Bond 
4 and Foundation of the Safety and Happinefs of 

* botht And in Auguft 1643, the Englifh Com- 

* miffioners declare to the Kingdom of Scotland, 
' That they are commmanded by their Injirufiivns to 

* put their Brethren of Scotland in mind that iht 

* Popijh and Prelatical Fafiion, that began with 

* them about the Tears 1638 and 39, then intended 
'. to make Way to the Ruin of the Kingdom cf Eng- 

* land by their i ; and have not abated any Part of their 

* Malice towards the Nation and Church of Scot- 

* land, nor at all departed from their Defign of 

* corrupting and altering Religion through the whole 

* Ifland, though they have inverted the Manner of 

* their Proceedings ; conceiving noty that they have 

* an eafier Way to dejlrcy them y if they may frjl pre- 

* vail over the Parliament and Kingdom of Eng- 

* land ; in which Refyeft it is tht Defirt of both 

VOL. XVI. F f '# 

450 The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *j Car. 1. 4 Houjcs, that tba two ^^n:)ii be ftriftly ignited lo- 

Decembv" " ' And :n * noth -' : " P a P er i W3S declared, That 
4 ;.'rt 6Vr&;.:.9H; take R r .ot in the Church and 

4 Kingdom of England, will quickly fprecd their 
and Injection inty the Nc'tghbsur Church of 
Where.* ic 

we cannot but difient to 

* this ropofuion, and, according to th~ Truft 

* repolcd in -., reprefent cur juft Exceptions againft 
'it: AM-1, 

i. 4 \Vc think it extremely ftrange, that the 

* Houfes of Parliament ;"<.-' .! . e an Aft of 
4 Parliament to be naadc foy ^ft^biifning a Prefby- 
4 t rian GoveiniJient ; and, in the vc-ry fame Pro- 

* pofuiwn, (Jj^ro that it may be enacted that none 
', fliall o.bey that Act of Parliament, but fuch as 

* hali pi pate to dp it. 

^. ' We.oblerve that however it is pretended that 
1 Prefbyterian Government is d fired to beeftablifh- 
4 ed as the Government of the Church of England', 

* yet is only, in Eftvcl, a Liberty granted to all fuch 
' as, of their own Accord, ^viiljoin in Prefb/terian 

* Government ; and fo amounts to no more than a 
4 Foieration of it . 

3. * That this Toleration of Preftyterran Go- 
' V '^.aicnt is many XV ays limited, as in the Time 

* for v-'iich it is to endure, being only to the End 
4 of the next Seffion of Parliament after the End 
4 of this prefent Sefiicn, perhaps may not 
4 be above fix Months ; and the Miniftcrs and El- 
c ders are appointed, by Ordinance of Parliament, 

* to exclude from the Sacrament only fuch Perfons 
4 as the Houfes have thought fit, and no others, 

* tho' it be againft their Confciences fo to do j they 

* are bounded with fevcral Reftric~tions in their 

* Meetings and AiFemblies, and are not allowed 

* the Ufcs arid Excrcifes of all the Ordinances ap- 
4 pointed by the XVord of God ; fo as the Liberty 
4 of Confciencc is denied to them and granted to 
4 others. For, 

4. 4 An unlimited Toleration for the Time of 

* Endurance, Matter of XVorfliip, and Exercife of 


of E N G L A N D* ; 451 

* all Ordinances, is exprefly granted to all the Sec- An. *$ Car. 

* taries of the Times, whether they be Anabaftijh, * 6 *?- 

' AntinomianS) Armenians, Families, Era/Hans, December 
' Brown'ijls, Separatiftst Liber tines, or Independents , 

* yea, it extends to thofc Nttlli-Ftdians the Seekers^ 
' to the new Set df Shakers, and divers others ; by 

* all which the very Foundation of Church and State 

* is (haken, and near to be overthrown. 

5. ' The Toleration here defired to be eftabliih- 
ed is of that Capacity and Latitude, as it m.ajr 
admit of many vile and grofs Errors, which have 
been condemned and caft out of the Church in 
former Times, and may be revived in England i 
us if Errors and Herefies were of fo precious a 
Nature, that Men fhould b<? encouraged by Law 
to enquire after them, and invited to maintain 

6 * This Toleration is not only to the Perfons 
of thofe Sectaries arid their Families, but gives full 
Liberty to fet up their Profefllons in any fit and 
convenient Places ; that fo Scandals } Hercfies, 
Schifms, and new Religions may grow in their 
Kinds, and alfo multiply in the Number of Pro- 
feffions and Difciples, as if there were not enough 

7. * Tho' it feemeth that a Provision is madej 
that this Indulgence (hall not extend to the Tolera- 
tion of Anti-Trinitarians , Arians, and /[nti-Scrifr- 
turifis j yet there is no more exprcffed but that 
this Indulgence ihall not extend to the tolerating 
the printing, publifhing, or preaching fuch Blaf* 
phemies and Errors as they do maintain r^ainft 
God, and the Holy Scriptures, and the Tr nicy j 
and they are not made liable to any Penalty. But 
fuppofe Penalties were impofed on them for 
printing, publifhing, or preaching thofe Errors, 
yet they are, by this Proportion, left to a full Li- 
berty to maintain them in private, to reafon and 
difpute that there is no God j that Chrift is but 
an Impoftor ; that there is no fuch Thing as the 
Holy Ghoft ; that the Scriptures are but like o- 
ther Writings 5 blafpheming at their Plcafure, and 
F f 2 ' {educing 

452 We Parliamentary HISTORY 

Ai>. 23 Car. I. < Deducing others to their Opinions in fecret : All 
i^ , t which, and much more, according to this Pro- 

December. ' pofition, may not be queftioned ; and fo in Reality, 

* tho' not in Pretext, they (hall be tolerated as well 

* as others. 

8. ' All prophane and wicked Perfons are left at 

* Liberty, by this Toleration, to do what they 

* pleafe j for they are not obliged to be fubjecl: to 
ariy Difcipline or Government ; and fo neither the 
Duties of the firft nor the fecond Table of the" 
Law of God (hall be obferved ; but all Sorts of 

* Iniquity and Works of Darknefs (hall abound ; 
and fuch as hate the fincere Worfhip of God at 

* Church may have their unlawful and wicked Meet- 
' ings elfewhere, under Profeflion of religious Exer- 
' cifes and Ordinances; 

' We might add more Exceptions againft this 

* Propofitiori, but thefd we truft may fuffice to make 
any that is but a little endued with the Light of 
f the Gofpel, ahd hath any Love to the Truth, to 

* deleft and abhor fuch a Toleration. And now we 

* defire the Houfes of Parliament to remember that 

* Remonftrance of the State of the Kingdom of the 
e 1 5th of December, 1641, where they refent it 
c as a great Injury that they (hould be fufpe&ed of 

* infufmg into the People that they mean to leave 
fc every Man to his own Judgment and Fancy for 

* the Service and Worfliip of God ; and do declare, 

* That it is far from their Purpofe or Defire to hi 

* loofe the golden Rein of Difcipline and Govern- 
' men in the Church ; to leave private Perfons^ or 
' particular Congregations^ to take up what Kind of 
' Divine Service they pleafe ; and hold it requifite 

* that there Jhould be, throughout the whole 
' Realm, a Conformity to that Order which the 
4 Laws enjoin according to the Word of G r >d. 

* How confonant this Toleration is to that Decla- 
4 ration, we leave it to the Houfes of Parliament, 

* and all wife Men, to confioer ; and whether the 

* Danger of the true Reformed Religion in thefe 

* Kingdoms be not greater now than before the 

* taking of the Covenant, yea, or fince Chriftian 

' Religion 

of ENGLAND. 453 

* Religion came firft into this Ifland, when Tole- An. 2 , car.:, 

* ration of all Religions (the Name of Popery only 4 

* exctptsd) is deiired by the Houfes of Parliament 

* to be efhibHfhed by Law ; and the very Principles 

* and Fundamentals of Faith, which, under Pre- 

* lacy, ve-rf, un<er Popery itfelf, were genemlly re- 
' ceived as uncontroverted, are now, by many Sec- 
' taries of this Time, either oppugned or called in 

* QiicAion. 

* There are divers other PafTages in t' e Decla- 
' rations ami Ordinances or' both Houfes to the 
f fame Purpote; but here we (hall only mention one 
! pr two in particular. We would have the Houfes 

* call to mind their Declantion and Anfwer to the 
' Lords of his Majefty's Secret Council of Scotland, 

* ; .nd the General Aflembly of the Church of that 
'Kingdom, in September, 1642; where, befides 

* other Expreflions, they ufe thefe Words : We 

* acknowledge it is an AcJ of Lone ta us, and Jf r if- 
' dom for the Good of both Churches, for which we 
' are thankful both to God and them, that our Bre~ 

* thren of Scotland have be/lowed their feriouf 
' Thoughts and earnefl Deferes for Unity of Religion ; 

* that in all bis Majejlys Dominions there might be 
' one Confsjjion of Faith, one Directory of Worfinp^ 
' one Public Catechifm and one Form of Church Go- 
\ vernment ; and altM it will hardly bt obtained 
' punctually and exaftly, unlefs feme IVay might bt 
' found for a mutual Communication and Conjuf^- 

* tion of Council and Debate in framing that oni 

* Form ; yet both intending the fame End, proceeding 

* by the fame Rule of God's Word, and guided by 

* the fame Spirit, we hope, by God's Ajfiftance, to 

* be fo direfted that ive may cajl out whatfoever is 

* offenfive to God, or jujtty difyleaftng to any neigh - 
'hour Church; and fo far agree with our Brethren 

* of Scotland, and other Reformed Churches, in all 

* fubftantial Parts of Doftrine, Worjhip, and Difcip- 
' line, that both we and they may enjoy thofc Advantages. 
' and Conveniencies which are mentioned by them in 
< this their Anfwer, in the morejiriti Union of both 

F f 3 Kingdvr.s ; 

454 77* Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 13 Lur. I. < Kingdoms ; >wor* T^/^ *^/}S ^"^ comfortable 

vsrnment of bis Majejly ; rftt^ <tf/ to himfelf and 
' People more free Communion in all holy Exer-> 
' cifes and Duties of Wcrjhip, more conjJant Seen- 

* rity cf Religion againft the bloody Praffices of Pa- 

* pi/It) and deceitful Errors of other Sectaries, 
' And having there made known their Rcfolution 

* to take away the Government by Bifhops, they 

* defire fome godly and learned Divines of that 

* Church to be fent to the Aflembly of Divines 

* here, whereby an Uniformity in Form of Church 
' Government may be obtained ; and one Confef- 

* fion of Faith, one Directory, and cue Catechifm, 

* maybe fettled in all the three Kingdoms. Which 

* Defire was afterwards renewed to their Commif- 
c fioners fcnt to Scotland; and, in the End, the mu- 

* tual and joint Defires of both Kingdoms were 

* crowned with a Solemn League and Covenant ; 
' as for other Ends, fo for endeavouring the neareft 
' Conjunction and Uniformity in all thefe, and for 

* Extirpation of Herefy and Schifm. Thefe four 

* Years paft the Labours of many learned and godly 

* Divines of both Kingdoms, thereunto appointed, 

* have been fpent in framing a Directory for Wor 

4 fhip, (which was long fmce approved and receU 

* ved in both Kingdoms) a Confeflion of Faith, a 
' Form of Church Government and Catechiftng j 

* all which have been prefented to both Houfes, 

* and fome Progrefs was made therein towards the 

* ftabli{hing of them, till of late they were Iai4 

5 afide. 

4 The Houfes, not many Months fmce, did ap-* 

* point a folemn Faft and Day of Humiliation to 

* be kept throughout the whole Kingdom, becaufe 

* of the Growth of Herefies, Blafphemies, and 

* Schifms. The Words of the Ordinance are thefe ; 

* We the Lords and Commons ajjcniblcd in the Par- 
' liament of England, having entered into a Solemn 

* League and Covenant to endeavour fmcerely, really, 

* and conftantly^ the Reformation cf Religion in Doc- 

Discipline, and Jfarjhip, and the Extirpa- 

of ENGLAND. 455 

c it on of Popery, Super/Hit on, Herefy, Schifm, Pro- An. * 3 Car. I. 

6 * 7 ' 

* phanenefs, and whatfoiver /ball be found contrary to 
c found DoRrine and the Power of Godlinefs ; and 

* having found the Prefence of God wonderfully af- 

* Jifting in this Cau/'e, especially fince our faid Engage- 
c ment, in Purfuance of the faid Covenant, have 
' thought Jit (left we partake in other Men's Sins, and 

* therebi be in Danger to receive of their Plagues) 
' to fet forth this our deep Scnje of the great Dijho- 

* nour of God, and the perilous Condition that this 

* Kingd.m is In, thro' the horrible Blfifphcmies and 

* damnable Herejies vented and fpread abroad there- 

* in, tending to the Subverjitn of tlje Faith, Contempt 

* of the Afiniftry and Ordinances of yefus Chri/i ; 
* and as we are refolved to employ and improve to the 

* utmoji of our Power, that nothing be done or fald 

* a^ainfi the Truth, but for the Truth ; fo we dcfirc 

* that both ourfelves and the whole Kingdom may be 

* deeply humbled before the Lord for that great Re- 

* proach and Contempt which hath been caft upon his 

* Name and faving Truth, and for that fwift De- 
'Jlruttion that we may jujiiy fear will fall upon 
' the immortal Souls of them who are, or may be, 

* drawn away, by giving Meed to feducing Spirits ; 

* in the hearty and tender Compajjion ivhereof, we the 

* fald Lords and Commons do order and ordain^ That 
' Wednefday, being the loth Day of March iirxt, 
' be fet a-part for a Day of public Hu?niliation for 

* the Growth and Spreading of Errors, Herejies, and 

* Blafphemies ; to be obfer-vcd in all Places within 

* the Kingdom of England, Dominion of Wales, 
' and Town of Berwick upon Tweed, and* to feck 

* God for his Direction and Affijlance for the fup- 

* prejfing and preventing the fame. 

* And are thefe the Ways and Menus that the 
' Houfes of Parliament have thought upon for fup- 

* prefling Herefies, Errors, and Blafphemies, to de- 
' fire that a Toleration of them may beeftablifhed 
' by a Law ? Is the laying of a Foundation to pro- 

* pagate Herefy and Schifm the bcft Way to ex- 

* tirpate the fame ? Are thefe the Fruits and Effects 

Ft"4 * of 


45 6 7/k Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 7 1 car. I. < of their folemn Fad and Humiliation ? Certainly 
' God will not be fo mocked. 

' ^ nc Covenant doth alib oblige us mutually to 
4 preferve the Authority of the Supreme Magift rate, 

* the Privileges of Parliament, and firm Peace 
' and Union between the Kingdpms to all Pofto- 

* rity j and is it not vifible that many of thofc 

* Sectaries, with their Adherents and Abettors, do, 

* by their pernicious Doctrines and Actions, offer 
' Violence to the King's Perfonand Authority, and 

* againft the Rights and Privileges of Parliament, 

* fo as there is not any one Article of the Solemn 

* League and Covenant which is not, in an high 
' Degree, violated by them ; and fliall a Tolera- 
' tion be eftablifhed for all fuch ? The oppofing 

* the Covenant and Reformation of Religion, the 
'dividing betwixt the King and his People or 
' making any Faction among the People contrary 

* to this League and Covenant, were formerly the 

* Characters of our Enemies ; and whofoever do 

* maintain and act thefe Things (tho' they mould 
' aiTume to themfelves the Name of Saints) are {till 
4 to be accounted Incendiaries, Malignants, and 
' evil Inftruments ; and we are obliged by Cove- 
' nant, with Fatthfulnefs, to endeavour the Difcove- 
' ry of all fuch, that they may be brought to public 
' Trial, and receive condign Punifhment. 

' And tho' it be far from our Intentions that 

* pious and peaceable Men fhould be troubled, be- 

* caufe in every thing they cannot conform them- 

* felves to Prefbyterian Government j (for we ne- 

* ver did oppofe tach an Indulgence to their Per- 

* fons as is agreeable to the Word of God, may 
4 ftand with the public Peace, and is not cleftructive 
f to the Qrd^r and Government of the Church) 
' yet we do from our very Souls abhor fuch a ge 

* neral and vaft Toleration as is expreilcd in this 
? Propo%ion. And if the Houfes, which God 

* forbid, (hall adhere thereunto, and infift that it 

* may be etkblifhed, we do proteft againft it as 

* that which is cxprcfly contrary to the Word of 

7 'Godj 

ef E N G L A N IX 457 

* God j utterly repugnant to the Solemn League An. 2 ^ car. 
8 and Covenant ; deftru&ive to Reformation and l6 *7- 

6 Uniformity in Religion ; altogether inconfiftent De cember. 
' with the Declarations and Profeflions of the 

* Houfes ; againft the Treaty between the King- 
' doms > direHy oppofite to the Example and Prao 
' tice of all the Reformed Churches ; and as that 

* which will unavoidably fubvert all Order and 
' Government, and introduce a World of Confu- 
' fion. Our Minds are aftoniftied, and our Bowels 
' are moved within us, when we think of the bit- 

* ter Fruits and fad Confequences of fuch a Tole- 

* ration : What horrid Blafphernies againft God ! 
' What vile Abominations !. What pernicious Doc- 

* trine to the SubverJion and Perdition of Souls ! 

* What Difobedience to, the Magiftrates ! What 
' Violation of Duties between Perfons oft. eneareft 
' Relation! What Differences and Divifions in 
' Families and Congregations it will bring forth ! 
' What bitter Heart- Burnings, it will beget and 

* perpetuate to Pofterity ! Nay, it is impoffible for 

* us to exprefs what infinite Li traU<>n, Diforder, 
' and Confufion it will make, both in Church and 
f State, throughout all the three Kingdoms ; and 

* therefore we do obteft the Houfes of Parliament 
' by the Solemn League and Covenant, (which 
' they have made in the Prefence of Almighty God, 
' the Searcher of all Hearts, with a true Intention 
4 to perform the fame, as they (hall anfwer at that 

* Great Day, when the Secrets of all Hearts (hall 

* be difclofed) and by all the Promifes, Profeffions, 

* and Declarations wherewith they induced the 

* Kingdom of Scotland to an Engagement and Con- 
? junction with them in this Caufe, that they do 

* not eftabliih fuch an impious Toleration, as can 

* not but draw down the Judgment of God, and 
' make a Rent between the two Kingdoms, united 
' by fo many Ties and Relations, which we defire 
' to ftrengthen and cherifh, and to continue to all 
' Pofterity. 

* That next to Religion, wherein we differ in 
f Judgment from the Proportions, is concerning 

6 the 

Parliamentary H I $ T 5 R V 

the Power and Intereft of the Crown, We are 
y __ ' obliged by our Covenant, Allegiance, and the 
December. ' Duty of Subjects, not to diminifh, but to fupport, 
4 the King's juft Power and Greatnefs : The Que- 

* ftion then is, Wherein his Royal Authority and 

* juft Power doth confift ? And we affirm, and hope 
4 it cannot be denied, that Royal Power and Autho- 

* rity is chiefly in making and enacting Laws, and 
' in protecting and defending their Subjects, which 

* are the very Eflenee and Being of all Kings ; and 

* the Exercife of that Power is the chief Part and 

* Duty of their Ro'yal Office 2nd Function, and 

* the Sceptre "and Sword are thd Badges of that 

* PoweY $ yet the new Preface prepared, with o- 

* ther Parts of thefe new Proportions, takes away 

* the King's Negative Voice, and cuts of all Roya! 

* Power and Right in the making of Laws, con- 

* trary to the former Practice of this and all other 

* Kingdoms ; for the Legiflative Power in fome 

* Monarchies is penes Prindpem fa-urn, and their 

* Laws are called Principum Placita ; which is 

* the higheft and moil abfolute Kind of Sovereignty : 

* And in other Kingdoms and Monarchies, the: 
4 Power of making Laws is by Compact between 
4 the Prince and People, or according to the Con-* 
' dilution, Practice, and Ufage of the ieveral King- 

* doms ; in the laft the Power of the King is leaft, 
4 but beft regulated, where neither the King alone 
without his Parliament, nor the Parliament with- 
' out the King, can make Laws, and v/here no- 

* thing enacted by the one without the Confent of 
4 the other can have the Force of a Law : And al- 

* tho j we will rather profefs Ignnrantiam & Fafli 
4 & funs alieniy than take upon us to judge of 

* the Laws of another Kingdom ; yet it feems t<> 

* be very clear and evident by the Practice and 

* Ufao;e of all Times, by the Parliament's own 

* Declarations, and to be confonant to Reafon and 
4 Law, that the King without the Houfes of Piir- 

* liament, or the Houfes of Parliament without 

* the King, canr.ot enact any Laws, but both joint- 
My and therefore tlv; tiaws are fouie times 

' Called 

of ENGLAND. 459 

* called the King's Laws, fome times the Laws An. t| Cir.f. 
of the Land and Acts of Parliament ; and the ( * 4 J' * 
Form of Acts of Parliament fome times begin December. 

* with the Word Cfftttejfbfius, or Statutes Rex ; and 

* of latter Times, Laws and Statutes, as being eh- 
' acted by the King, with the Confent and Advice 

* of the Lords and Commons. All which do im- 

* port the King's Power and Confent as to the 

* making of Laws ; fo that there can be no Law 
' made, and have the Force of a Law, without the 

* King ; which likewife is clear by the Expreffioris 

* of the King's Anfwer, Le Roy h 'ueult^ le Roy 
tf'avifera; fc as it is clear from the Words of 

* Ajfrnt when Statutes are made, and from the 
Words of DifTent, that the King's Power in mak- 

* ing "of Laws is one of the chiefcfr Jewels of the 
' Crown, and an eflential Part of Sovereignty ; and 

* if the King had no Power ndr Confent in making 
' of Laws he would be lefs than a Subject ; fome- 

* times the King's Denial had been better than 

* his Aflent to the Defires of the Houfes of Par- 

* liament, as when Kings have aflented to the 

* taking away the reading of Scripture from the 

* Laity, as Henry VIII. did ; Or to introduce Pope- 

* ry, as Queen Mary : And fince neither Kings 

* nor Parliaments have the Judgment of Infalli- 
' bility, it muft certainly be the beft where Laws 
are made with the Confent both of the King and 

* Parliament, which is the ftrongeft Bulwark of 

* the People's Liberty, and Supporter of the King's 

* Authority ; and the King being King over divers 

* Nations, this Form of Conftitution, where neither 

* the King without his Parliament, nor the Par- 

* liament without the King, can make Laws, is a 
' good and fafe Security to preferve his Kingdoms 

* in Peace from injuring one another, and to pro- 
< tedt his Subjects from Injury among themfelvcs. 

* The Houfes of Parliament, anfwering an Ar- 

* gument againft the King's paffing the Bill for 
f the Militia, make this Reply (a), Ifivcbadfaid (at 

(a) Navtmtcr, 1641, Ibjcandf t Ctt/ttfioni, 410, p. 710. 

460 *The Parliamentary H I s T p R Y 

. 23 Car. I. < tu; did not} that the King had be eh bound to pcf* 

_'** 7 ' . ' *// J5/./5 tbatjhould be offered to him by both Houfes 

fcetonbcr. * f Parliament, without any Limitation or Quali- 

' fication of Reafon and "Jujlice, yet fuch a Suppo- 

4 fttion as this could not fall upon a Parliament ', 

* as if they could defire fuch a Thing ; much. 
4 /*/} /<:// fl AT/wg- /v obliged for to. grant it. And, 
6 $^ *W and do fay y That the Sovereign Power 

* doth rejide in tie King and both Houfes of Par- 

* liament^ and that his Majefys Negative Voice 

* doth not import a Liberty for his Majejly to deny 
4 any thing as he plebfeth^ though never jo requiftte 

* and necejjary for the Kingdom j and yet we did not 
4 nor do fay., 'That fuch Bills, as his Ma] e fly is bound ^ 

* both in Confcience and Ju/liec to pafs, jjiall notwith- 

* Jlanding be LaW without his Con/lent ; fo far are 

* we from taking away his Negative Voice. Where- 

* fore the Power in making Laws, even according 

* to the Parliament's own Declarations, cannot be 
' taken away from the King, and he required to 

* afient to all fuch Law a? the Houfes hall think, 

* fit, according to the Preface of thefe new Propo- 

* fitions, without a Change of the Conftitutioo and 

* Fundamental Government of the Kingdom. 

' Concerning the Power of the Militia ; we do. 

* defire, and ftiall be willing to agree, that it may 

* be fo fettled as that neither the King, nor any 

* other, be able to difturb or infringe the Peace 

* now to be agreed upon ; and we think that, in 

* his Meflage from Carijbrook Caftle, he hath of- 
' fcred that which fhould btj very fatisfaftory ; but 

* that the King, his Pofterity, and Crown, (hould 

* for ever be divefted of all Power and Right of the 
' Militia, is different from our Judgments ; for if 
4 the Crown have no Power of the Militia, how 

* can they be able to refift their Enemies and the 

* Enemies of the Kingdom, and protect their Sub- 

* jc&s, or keep Friendmip or Correfpondcnce with 
4 their Allies ? All Kings, by their' Royal Office; 
' and Oaths of Coronation, are obliged to protect; 
4 their Laws and Subjects ; it were flrange then 

* Ibf ever to fcclude the Crown from that Power, 

4 c which, 

tf ENGLAND. 4 6r 

* which, by the Oath of Coronation, they are An - M Car - 
1 obligpd to perform, and the Obedience where- t ' * 7 ' 

* unto falleth within the Oath of Allegiance ; and 
4 certainly, if the King and his Pofterity (hall have 

* no Power in making Laws nor in the Militia, it 

* roots up the ftrongeft Foundation of Honour and 

* Safety which the Crown affords ; and will be in- 

* terpreted, in the Eyes of the World, to bd a Wreft- 
4 ing of the Sceptre and Sword out of their Hands. 

* It is very far from our Defircs, that Monarchy 
' fhould be at an abfolute Height of arbitrary and 

* tyrannical Power ; neither defire we juft mo- 
' narchical Power to be wronged and rendered 
' contemptible ; but to have fuch a golden Medio- 
crity, as they may be aSle to protect their Sub- 
' jects and oppofe their Enemies, according to the 

* fundamental-Laws and antient Conftitution of the 
' Kingdom, 

* Before the laft Propofitions were fent to 

* his Majefty, at Newcd/lle, both in verbal De 

* bates and in our Writings, we did fliew that we 

* were unfatisfied concerning feveral Particulars 
' contained in thofe Propofitions ; particularly when 

* we did con fent, that the Power and Exercife of 
the Militia fhould be fettled in the Houfes of Par- 

* liament for a Time, we did it with this Provi- 

* fion, That it were underftood to be without Pre- 

* judicc to the Right and Intereft of the Crown, 

* and that the King and his Pofterity be not totally 
excluded, and rendered uncapable to protect their 

* Subjects and oppofe the Enemies of the Kingdom. 

* And further, when we gave Way to the fendin"* 

* of thofe Propofitions, we did declare it to be oufr 

* Judgment, That divers Things craved therein 
' were fuch as Peace or War ought not to depend 

* upon the Grant or Refufal of them. We ever 

* did, and mult ftill, hold it as a gocd Rule in the 

* making of a Peace, that the more moderate and 

* reafonable our Deftres be, we may expect the 
1 firmer Peace ; wherefore, as in the Difference 

* betwixt the King and the Parliament, we think 

* it very unjuft to exclude the King from his juft 


46 3 T/je Parliamentary H i s T o R V 

An.*? Car- 1. ' Power in the Militia; fo when we look u port 
' the Liberty of the Subject, we think, neither King 

* npr Parliament ought to keep up an Army in the 
4 Field, when the War is ended, to the vaft Ex- 
' pence and utter Impoverishment of the People j 
4 the Trained Bands of the Kingdom, which may 
4 be made ufe of with little Charge, and the Forces 

* which may be kept up in fome chief Garrifons, 

* being fufncient to fupprefs any Commotion or 

* Disturbance that is likely t<> arife from the Occa- 

* lion of the late Troubles : And we conceive an 
4 Army {houlci be kept up only in the Cafe of a 
powerful Inlurrection within the Kingdom, or of 

* a foreign Invasion from without ; but to maintain 

* a perpetual Army in the Bowels of the Kingdom^ 
4 upon the Expence of the Subject, when there is 
4 no Enemy to fight with, is but to enflave the King 
' and Kingdom under a. military Bondage. 

4 When our Army returnee to Sccfand it was 
4 confidently expected that the Houfes fhould have 
4 fpeedily difbanded their Army, (the War being 
1 at an End, and no vifible Enemy in the King-< 

* 4om) and proceeded to the fettling of a Peace 

* here, and to the effectual Relief of Ireland; but 
4 now after a full Year's Delay, we do not find 
4 amongft all thefe Proportions any Thing concern* 
4 ing the difbanding, the Armies, or lending Re* 
4 lief to that diftrefied Kingdom ; but, on the con- 
4 trary, there is only Provifion made for keeping 

* up Armies and railing Money for their Mainte- 
nunce ; we muft therefore declare to the Houfes* 

* That it is our Judgment and earned Defire, that 

* there .may be a Proportion for difbanding Armies 
4 in both Kingdoms. Armies were r;;ifed in De- 
fence of Religion, the King's Perfon and Autho- 
4 rity, the Priveleges of the Parliament, and the 
4 Liberty of the Subject j and when they are nd 
4 more ufeful for thefe Ends, and the Houfes may 

* confult freely and act fecurely without any hoftikf 
4 Oppofition, it is high Time to difband them, 
4 that the Laws of the^Kingdom may take Place* 

* Some 

tf ENGLAND. 463 

Some of our Neighbour Nations are neeeffi- An. tx pr. 

* tated to keep up Armies, becaufe they have Ene- ^__ _ 

* mics that lie contiguous and adjoining to their December. 

* Borders, but the Sea is our Bulwark ; and if we 

* ftudy Amity and Peace amongft ourfelves, and 
4 entertain the Union between the Kingdoms un- 

* der his Majefty's Government, we need not fear 
4 foreign Invalions. It is a Cuftom in other Na- 
4 tions to keep up Armies to levy Money by Force j 

* but thele are free Kingdoms, and when they have 
4 been fighting for Liberty and Freedom, we truft 
4 that it was not intended that War fhould be made 
4 a Trade, or that their Wars lhall end in Slavery. 

* The Continuance of Armies will certainly in- 
4 creafe Factions and Divifidns, to the great weak- 
4 ening of the Kingdom, and will, in the End, 

* expofe us a Prey to our Enemies ; neither is it 

* poilible, fo long as they are kept up, that there 

* can be a fettled Peace. The Charge of enter- 

* taining Armies is needlefs when there is no Ene- 
4 my, and extremely grievous to the People who 
4 before were willing to bear it, when they faw a 
4 Neceffity for it ; and now, after fo great Suffer- 
4 ings and vaft Expence of Treafure to Soldiers for 

* many Years together, the Burthen is become in- 
4 fupportable. For thefe, and many other Rea- 

* fons which we could add, we hold it moft necef- 
4 fary that as there is a Propofition for Payment of 

* the Arrears of the Army, fo alfo there be an Ad- 

* dition unto it for their I)ifbanding. 

* Touching conferring Titles of Honour ; we 

* defire the King, who is the Fountain of Honour, 
4 may not be deprived of that which, in all Ages 

* and Kingdoms, hath been held and eftcemed a 

* Flower of the Crown, and wherewith Kings do 
4 ufually rccompence the Virtue and Merits of fuch 

* as do memorable Services to the Crown or King- 
4 dorh. 

4 And as to the difpofmg of the great Offices of 
4 State, and naming of Privy Counfellors ; wecon- 

* ceive his Majefty's Offer in his late MefTage of 


464 *Tbe ^Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. 43 Car. ! < the 1 7th of November to be fo reafonable, as may 

76471 t * give Satisfaction to the Houfes. 
December. ' That which we are to fpeak of next in Order* 
4 is the Union and Joint Intereft qf the Kingdoms ; 
4 where we wifh, we had not juft Caufeto expoftu- 
' late, that the Houfes have omittted the Covenant 
4 jn thefe Propofitions ; rejected all that concerns 
Unity and Uniformity Jn Religion; have al- 

* tered the former Propofition cpncefning Confir- 

* mation of the Treaties, and deftred how only art 

* Approbation of the making of them,, which a- 

* mounts to no more than an Adt of Indenture. 

* "JThey n ave alfo, in that Propofition, omi.tted thefe 

* Words, tyith all other Ordinances and Proceed- 

* ings pajjed betwixt the two Kingdoms, and where- 

* unto they are obliged by the aforefaid Treaties \ 
* which Words were inferted in the former Pro- 

* pofitions after a ferious Debate ; and therefore 
' if the Houfes intend, to make good, and perform 

* all Ordinances pafled betwixt the Kingdoms^ ac- 

* cording to their manifold Profeflions, we defire 

* that this Propofition may remain as. before with- 

* out any Alteration or Omiflion.. The Propofi- 

* tion defiring his Majefty's Confent to what the 

* two Kingdoms (hall agree upon, in Purfuance of 

* the Articles of the Large Treaty, which are not 

* yet finished, is omitted ; the joint Declaration of 

* both Kingdoms is likewife omitted ; and general- 

* ly, throughout thefe Propofitions, all Expreflions 

* of joint Intereft are left out* 

4 And whereas formerly the Propofitions of both 

* Kingdoms were drawn up together in one Body j 
4 now, for feparating the Intereft of the King- 
4 doms, the Proportions for England are drawn up 
4 a-part j which new Way when we did obferve, and 
4 what eflential Alterations, OmifiionS) and Ad- 
4 ditions were made in the Matter of the Propofi- 
4 tions, we deflred a Conference for removing all 
4 Differences, and that we might the more fpee- 
4 dily attain to an Agreement, but it was not 
4 granted ; however, we have herein difcharged our 

4 Duty 


* Duty, that we ufed all Means to prevent DifFe- A 
k rences ; that we for our Part, ftudy to obferve 

' the Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms, where it is, 

* exprefly provided in the eighth Article, That no 

* Cejfation, Pacification-) or Agreement for Peace 

* whatfoever, Jhall be made by either Kingdom, or the 

* Armies of either Kingdom, without the mutual Ad* 
' vice and Gonfent of both Kingdoms^ or their Com- 

* mittees in that Behalf appointed. 

' And here we think it not amifs to remember the 
4 Houfes of Parliament of their Expreflions, in a 
Declaration to the Lords the States General of 

* the United Provinces of the Low Countries, fhew- 
' ing why they did not admit of the Mediation of 

* the Dutch Ambaflador between the King and 

* Parliament, in the Manner and Way as was dc- 

* fired, without Application to the Kingdom of 

* Scotland. The Words of the Declaration are, 
4 That both the Kingdoms are mutually engaged in 
4 the Proportions and Treaty thereupon, and that 

* neither could ad/nit of their Mediation without 

* Confent of the other ; becaufe the two Kingdoms 
4 were united by Solemn League and Covenant made 

* to Almighty God, and by Lcagtts each to other, as 

* one entire Body, to profecute this Caufe ; and that 

* in Pursuance thereof Proportions for a fafe and 
4 well-grounded Peace were then preparing^ in a 
4 joint Way, by the Parliament of both Kingdoms. 

* And whereas the Dutch Ambaffadors had pro- 

* pounded, and offered from the King, the calling 

* of a National Synod to correct and redrefs the 

* Government of the Church by Bifhops ; one of 

* the Anfwers which was given' thereunto in the 

* faid Declaration was$ That not only the Kingdom 

* of Scotland, and the Members of both Houjes of 

* Parliament, but alfo many Thoufands of others 

* of his Majejly's Subjects of England and Ireland, 

, * Jland bound, by their late National Covenant, to en- 

* dt'avour the Extirpation cf Church-Government by 

* Bi/hops, both in England and Ireland, and to 

* hinder the fetting of it up again in the Kingdom 

* cf Scotland. All which being duly coniidevcd, 

VOL, XVI. G e we 


466 *Tbe Parliamentary HISTORY 

. 13 Car. I. * we are extremely forry that the Houfes of Par- 
1647- * liamcnt fhould not only have given Way to, but 
' countenanced the Army in, their meddling with 
' the Settlement of the Peace of the Kingdom, and 
' authorized Commiflioners to treat with them 

* upon Propofitions of Peace, which we take to 
' be the Reafon that thefe Propofitions are in fo 
' many Things agreeable to the Propofals of the 
' Army, efpeci'.illy in Matters of Religion : And 
' without all Queftion, it had been more agreeable 
' to the Treaty betwixt the Kingdoms, and to 
' former Profefllons and Proceedings, that the 

* Propofitions of Peace had been framed and a- 
' greed upon with Advice and Confent of both 
' Kingdoms. We have known the Houfes of 
' Parliament, formerly, to look upon it as an Of- 
' fence of an high Nature for any other than 

* themfelves to meddle in the Matters of Peace, 
' efpecially the Commanders and Officers of the 
' Army, though in prime Place, and of great and 
' eminent Fidelity : making it only proper for them 
e to be exercifed in Matters of \Var, according 
' as they fhould receive Directions from the Houfes ; 

* and much more would the Houfes have been 
' offended if any Officers of their Army (hould 

* have taken upon them to offer Propofals to the 
' King for fettling a Peace without Authority from 

* the Houfes, as we are informed fome Officers 

* of Sir Thomas Fairfax's Army have done. If 
" the Houfes of' Parliament had, according to our 

* earneft Defire of the third of March 164*, when 

* they modelled their Army, made Choice of fuch 

* Officers as were known to be zealous for the Re- 
' formation of Religion, and of that Uniformity 

* which both Kingdoms are obliged to promote 
' and maintain ; and if they had alfo renewed their 
' Declaration, made the 2Oth of September, 1643, 

* that they could not confide in fuch Perfons to 
' have or execute Place or Authority in the Ar- 
' mies raifed by them, who did not approve and 
' confent to the Covenant; or if their Ordinance 
' of the 1 5th of February y 1647, which appoint- 

5 ' eth 

of E N G L A N D. 467 

* cth, all Officers to be employed in Sir Thomas An. ?.? Car. I. 
4 Fairfax's Army to take the National League and * 647 ' 

' Covenant of both Kingdoms, within twenty Day $ December. 
' after they were approved of by both fibufes, had 

* been really put in Execution, we are very con- 

* fident it would have prevented a World of In- 

* conveniences arid Evils which have enfued upon. 

* the Neglect thereof. We (hall not further infift 

* upon this Subject, neither m?.ll we enlarge our- 

* felves upon the Proceedings of the Army j but 
1 we muft always put the Houfes of Parliament in 

* mind, that our greater! Strength is in a good 
4 Agreement with the King, and a firm Union be 

* tween the Kingdoms. 

' There is left out of thefe Proportions, the Pro- 

* pofition concerning the City of London; whereby 
' they were to have the Government of their own 
' Militia and the Tower$ and Aflurance that their 

* Forces {hall not be compelled to go out of the 
' City, for Military Service, without their own 

* Confent; alfo an Act of Parliament confirming, 
' their Charters, Cuftoms, Liberties, t$c. and an 
' Act, that all the Bye-Laws and Ordinances of 
' Common Council, made or to be made, fliould 

* be as effectual to all Intents and Purpofes^ as if. 
c they were enacted by Authority of Parliament ; 

* with Liberty alfo for them to repeal thefe Ordi- 
' nances as they (hall fee Caufe. Thefe Things 

* were formerly defired in the Proportions in be- 

* half of the City, becaufe of their Affection, For- 

* wardnefs, Faithfulnefs, and Zeal in the common 

* Caufe of both Kingdoms ; and we conceive our- 

* felves in Duty obliged to defire that this Propo- 

* fition may not be omitted, but prefentcd to his 
4 Majefty for his AfTent. 

* Concerning the Proportion for taking away 

* the Court of Wards and Forest Lands from his 
' Majefty ; it cannot be expected, when the Houfesr 

* of Parliament mall take into their Confideration 
the Glory and Greatnefs wherein their Kings 

* have lived, that they will ever take away or di- 
4 minilh any Part of that Patrimony and Revenue^ 

G g 2 * which 

468 *The Parliamentary HISTORY 

An. *j Car. I. t which is neceflary for fupporting the Dignity of 
^ _ r 1 * 7 ' _. ' their Royal Palaces, without giving a full Re- 
December. ' ccmpcnce for the fame. 

* Touching the Propofition for Sale and Difpo- 
' fal of the Lands of Deans and Chapters, IZc. 
' as the Houfes fhall think fit ; we have only this 

* to fay, That we have always heard that thofe 

* Lands were refervcd by the Houfes for the Main- 
' tenance of the Miniftry ; and if they fhould be 

* otherwife difpofed of, it will prove a great Dif- 

* couragement to faithful Paftors, make their Sub- 
' fiftcnce to depend upon the Benevolence and 
' Charity of their Hearers, and give Occafion to 

* the People (where Minifters are wanting for Lack 

* of Maintenance) to follow after the Sectaries and 
4 Tub Preachers. 

* We defire alfo to fee the Ordinances and In- 
' demnity mentioned in the Propofitions. 

* Arid now to conclude ; we {hall here fet down 

* moft of our Defires, which are, 

i. * That there may be a perfonal Treaty with 

* his Majefty at London. 

i. That the Preface may be the fame as in the 
' former Propofitions. 

3. c That the Honourable Houfes, according 

* to the folemn Vows, Treaties, Declarations, and 

* Engagements between the two Kingdoms, would, 
' after lo very long Delay, eftablifh the Solemn 

* League and Covenant ; and that his Majefty 

* be defired to give his Royal Aflent for confirm- 
' ing the fame, by Act of Parliament, in both 
' Kingdoms. 

4 That the fettling of Reformation of, and Uni- 

* formity in, Religion, according to the Covenant, 
c in England and Ireland, be likewife defired in 

* thefe new Propofitions ; and in particular, that 

* the Confcflion of Faith, Directory of Worfhip, 

* and Form of Church-Government and Catechifm, 

* agreed upon by the Afiembly of Divines, and pre- 
' fcnted to the Houfes, be eftablifhed. 

5. That, by Aft of Parliament, effectual Courfe 

* be taken for fupprefling Blafphemy, Heiefy, 

* Schifm, 

of ENGLAND. 469 

< Schifm, and all fuch fcandalous Doctrines and An 23 Car. I, 

* Practices as are contrary to the Light of Nature, v 1 47 ' , 

* or to the known Principles of Chriftianity ; December. 

* whether concerning Faith, Worfhip, or Conver- 

* fation, or to the Power of Godlinefs ;